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​¿Cómo te llamas?: How to have a basic conversation

¿Come te llamas?: How to have a basic conversation

Basic conversation come in handy for many situations. Here is an example:

Meeting someone new

Anita: Hola!

Daniel: Hola!

Anita: ¿Como te llamas?

Daniel: Me llamo Daniel, y tu?

Anita: Soy Anita.

Daniel: ¿Como estas Anita?

Anita: Muy bien, gracias! Y tu?

Daniel: Eso agotado!

Anita: Mucho gusto!

Daniel: Igualmente!

One very common question used in this dialogue was:

¿Como te llamas?

¿Como te llamas? means what is your name. ¿Como te llamas? is the informal way to ask what is your name. The formal way to ask is: ¿Come se llama?

When asked this question, you must respond with one of the following with your name: 

Me llamo...(your name)

Yo soy...(your name)

Mi nombre es...(your name) 

Another question used in this dialogue was:

¿Como estas?

 ¿Como estas? means how are you. ¿Como estas? is the informal way to ask what is your name. The formal way to ask is: ¿Como esta usted?

When asked this question you can respond with some of the most common followings:

Muy bien...very good/doing well

Mas o menos...doing okay/fair

Muy mal...doing horrible/very bad

Or, you could use some of the more specific and elaborate emotions in the chart at the bottom.

Lets look at another dialogue:

Margartia: Hola!

Matteo: Hola!

Margartia:¿Como estas?

Matteo: muy bien, y tu?

Margartia: Muy bien!

Matteo: ¿Como te llamas?

Margartia: Soy Margarita, y tu?

Matteo: Mi nombre es matteo

Margartia: ¿Matteo, De donde eres tu?

Matteo: Soy de Brasil pero vivo en Cuba. Y tu?

Margartia: Soy de Argentina pero vivo en Cuba.

Matteo:¿Margarita, Cuantos anos tienes tu?

Margartia: Tengo 14 anos, y tu?

Matteo: Tengo 16 anos. 

In this dialogue, 2 new common questions were used: ¿De donde eres tu? & ¿Cuantos anos tienes tu?. 

¿De donde eres tu? means where are you from. ¿De donde eres tu? is the informal way to ask where are you from. The formal way to ask is: ¿De donde es usted?

When asked ¿De donde eres tu? you usually answer:

Soy de...where your from.

But if you want answer with more information you can say:

Soy de...where your from...pero vivo en...where you live. 

For example, I’m from Mississippi but I live in Philadelphia. So I would say:

Soy de Mississippi pero vivo en Filadelphia.

¿Cuantos anos tienes tu? means how old are you. ¿Cuantos anos tienes tu? is the informal way to ask how old are you. The formal way to ask is: ¿Cuantos anos tiene usted?

When asked ¿Cuantos anos tienes tu?, you answer: old you are...anos. 

But to answer this question you must know your numbers. At the bottom is a chart to help you out!


When ending a conversation, a polite way to end is by saying: Mucho Gusto.

Mucho gusto means nice to meet you. When you say this, your partner or the person you are talking to would say Igualmente. Igualmente means likewise or I feel the same way.

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Basic Conversation
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The Alphabet!

¿Como se escribe?: The Alphabet 

When learning spanish, you MUST know this...the alphabet. If you don’t know the don’t know spanish.

One key component to the alphabet is the B and the V. They both sound the same so don’t be fooled

Another key component is the N and the ˜ . They are NOT the same letter. The N is pronounced more like the english the N and the ˜ has a Y twist to it. En-yeh is how it is pronounced 

Below is a chart of the letters and their pronunciations:
Alphabet chart


Topic #3-




Title- Don’t wear the rain


We all need to know how to say the weather in order to prepare for your day ahead. You want to know if it’s going to snow so you can wear a warm outfit. Or if you’re going out to party at a club and outside is hot and inside is much hotter you’re not going to wear something thick or bolcky. So I am going to help you know the weather like the back of your hand.


Weather & Seasons





How’s the weather?

¿Qué tiempo hace?

kay teeAIM-

poh AH-say?

It’s cold.

 Hace frío.

AH-say FREE-


It’s hot.

Hace calor.

AH-say cah-


It’s windy.

Hace viento.

AH-say beeAIN-t


It’s raining.

Está lloviendo.



It’s snowing.

 Está nevando.

Es-ta- neeA-


It’s cloudy.

Está nublado.

Es-ta now-bela





It’s sunny.

 Hace sol.

AH-say sole


Cel Invierno




La Primavera




El Verano



El otoño




Emalyn is clueless about the weather today, so she is going to ask her friend Alexis what it is like outside.



Topic #2-


Asking and telling time-


Title- Don’t be late


Your going to need to know how to tell time and how to say it so here is a way im going to help you. It might take a while because you’re new to it but remember your going to be a pro very soon. Practice makes perfect!


(*Es la una – 1:00

*Son las (__hour__) – hour:00

*Es la una y cinco – Five minutes past.

*Menos cinco - :45

*Y media-Half past)


*Here are so way to say times in words:


Al mediodía – at noon


A la medianoche – at midnight


Alrededor de – around


De día - day


Durante el día – during the day


A tiempo – on time


En punto – on the dot


Trade – late


temprano – early

Movie on 10-24-11 at 2.40 PM
This is Emalyn asking Alexis the time so she isen't late for her meeting, but it sees that she is running a little behind... ¡AY, Díos Mío! 

Here is Emalyn's lección on phone numbers.
Here is her lección on courtesy.
Here is her lección on the days of the week.
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Be polite! ¡Cortesía en español!

Manners are important in any language, and Español is no exception. Here are a few words you should know in order to show respect and gratitude. 
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Now that you know the words, let’s go over in which situations you use them. Con Permiso is used when you are asking someone to move out of your way. Disculpe is used to try to get someone’s attention. Lastly, Perdón is used to apologize if you accidentally knock into someone.

This is an example of a real life situation, when Alexis bumped into her class-mate Emalyn, knocking down her book. 

Movie on 10-24-11 at 2.31 PM

Basic Conversation

If you are going to learn basic conversation questions in spanish, then there are a few things you should know

-how to introduce yourself
-how to ask for someone's name
-ask how someone is
-ask where someone is from

Now that you know how to say basic conversations in spanish, go use it!
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Days of the Week

When learning the days of the week in Spanish, there are several things that you should know, including-

-the days of the week (monday through sunday)
-the correct pronunciation
-how to use them correctly

Here is a chart to help you learn the days-

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When you are speaking Spanish, you should also have the correct pronunciations. Here are the pronunciations for the days of the week-

lunes (Monday)- LOOH-nayss
martes (Tuesday)- MAHR-tayss 

miercoles (Wednesday)- mee-AIR-coh-layss
jueves (Thurday)- WHAY-vayss
viernes (Friday)- vee-AIR-nayss
sabado (Saturday)- SAH-bah-doh
domingo (Sunday)- doh-MEEN-goh

If you would like to here these words said out loud, go here- If you would like to here a song to help you remember the days of the week and their pronunciations, go here- Feel free to watch this video as many times as you like. 

Some things to remember when you are learning the spanish days of the week are- 

-in Spanish-speaking countries, the week begins on Monday (lunes)
-the days of the week are not capitalized.
-they are masculine, so when referring to them, you would use the word "el"

Now that you know these things, you are ready to go use the Spanish days of the week in real life! 

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Learning The Days of the Week (Los Días de la Semana)

Never capitalize days of the week because it'll have another meaning. You can ask what todays date is by saying ¿Qué dia es hoy?. To learn the days of the week you must practice the days of the week by memorizing them in order and listing to the days of the week song. This link will take you to a video about how to learn the days of the week.  

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In this video, Leah asks Emmanuel what his favorite day of the week is.
Movie on 10-26-11 at 9.05 AM

Tu vs. Ud

​The words Tú and Ud mean the same thing; "and you". The difference between them is one is for a formal situation and the other for an informal situation. 
Tú= informal (eee-to)
Ud= formal (oo-sted)
These terms are used for the fowling phrases and more;
¿Cómo estás tú?

¿Cómo está ud?
¿Cómo te llamas tú?
¿Cómo se llama ud?
¿De dónde eres tú?
¿De dónde es ud?

How to Ask and Tell the Weather.

In order to ask and tell the weather you have to know the basics. 
The way you ask the wether is:  ¿Qué tiempo hace hoy?
(kay- tee-im-po-acce-hoy)

These could be the fowling responses

Before you say any of the responses you say hace

(Mucho) Frio 0°

(Mucho) Calor 100°

Fresco 50°

(Muy) Buen tiempo :)

(Muy) Mal tiempo :(

(Mucho) Sol

(Mucho) Viento

Está Nublado

Está Lloviendo

Está Nevando

This is an online resource to help you: