Q4 Artwork

This quarter proved my favorite, since I was allowed room for all different kinds of creative work and could choose projects of varying difficulty to complete at my own pace. The first week, when we went to the Rodin museum, I chose to sketch a building with some interesting patterns on it, as well as a tree that stood between me and the building. Though I didn't finish, I enjoyed the calmness of sitting, observing, and sketching, so I chose to continue sketching in my 2nd project: a sketch at the Kennedy center in Washington, D.C.  It was a challenge to capture the water and bridge, so I spent considerable time sketching and re-sketching to attempt to make the water seem realistic. 

The next two 4-hour art projects involved painting, both with heavy acrylics and watercolor. The first piece I completed, of which I am most proud, was a portrait of my longtime classmate Isabel Medlock. I originally chose to paint simply her visage, but was inspired by biblical descriptions of hardship and the messiah, as well as the apocalyptic art of Hieronymus Bosch. This is evident in the details of the painting, which include a in imitation crown of thorns, a halo, and small human-consuming monsters near her shoulders and in the sun. This piece was mostly heavy acrylic paint, and learning how to combine and adjust shades was the process from which I learned the most this whole year. 

The final four-hour project was watercolor based, and I created 3 smaller pieces, each themed around a force of nature: water, earth, and fire. The first, "Dancing Man", was originally a simple gradient background, but I was inspired to create a figure dancing among snowflakes in the foreground. The second, "Forest", was a meditative experience to create. I began by creating simple lines in multiple colors, and continued doing so- going smaller and smaller- until I could no longer. The third piece "Labio" was my least favorite, but I was inspired by the element of fire and the ways that it manifests itself in human emotion (read: passion), and decided to create an abstract piece about lips, love, and desire. 

Jamie Turner 5 Mins of Science Blog Post

Science-  Video games are more healthy than unhealthy when they are played for the appropriate time periods.

Society-  It is often said video games make people violent and cause various health issues when in fact they do the total opposite.

Self-  I play a lot of video games, I'm a gamer and I am glad to know that they are doing nothing to harm me and are in fact helping me

Fourth Quarter Artwork

This quarter in art was my favorite of the year. I enjoyed being to choose each new project and experimented with paint and abstract art. I chose to spend the first half of the quarter working with flowers and watercolor and in the second half I tried to do more abstract art.

For the sketch at the Rodin museum I chose to draw a clump of daffodils near the gate. Daffodils are one of my favorite types of flowers and it was a challenge to draw them.

For the first four hour art project I chose to do two different watercolors of flowers. The first is a lotus floating in the water. In this piece I really enjoyed getting different gradients of pink on the petals and different tones of blue for the water. The second piece is a pink rose. Similarly to the first watercolor I enjoyed creating the different gradients. This piece was harder to do and contains more detail, especially on the petals.

For the second four hour art project I painted two different abstract portraits. The first is of Kat. The second is of Quinn. These two projects were my favorite of the quarter. I had a lot of fun experimenting with paint, learning to create texture with paint, and, for the second piece especially, blending colors.

For the last four hour art project I did two different pieces. The first is a collage that incorporated watercolor and the second is a watercolor painting. Like my watercolor flowers, my favorite part of the process was blending and mixing colors.

Q4 Artwork Portfolio

My goal in my artwork this quarter was to experiment with different types of painting and improve my painting skills overall. Every piece in my portfolio is a painting, except for the Rodin Museum sketch which was mandatory. With my first piece, I wanted to try to include texture. I have always seen paintings with bumpy textures and I always wondered how painters get their paintings to dry like that. It took me a couple tries, but I accomplished creating an abstract textured painting by using very thick paint and using various tools to create bumps and splatters. My inspiration for my second painting came from my obsession with Disney movies. I decided to paint a picture of Belle and the Beast from Beauty in the Beast because I wanted to make a piece that portrayed people that would be as realistic as I could get them. Since I am not very good at drawing, I decided to draw characters from an animated movie. I chose Beauty and the Beast because it is my favorite Disney movie. In this painting, I first drew Belle, Beast, the table, and the rose in the glass. I then tried to use a wide assortment of colors and blend them to make colors that were as close as possible to the picture I used as reference. My last painting was a poster for a play that I had written in my English class. In this piece, I experimented with calligraphy by writing the text in Times New Roman font. Then, I made the background layered streaks of greens, blues, grey, purple, and black.

Neuroscience and Crime, written By Kadija Koita

Rudy Giuliani ran for mayor of New York City back in 1993, where he implicated a method to help crime decrease. Throughout his campaign, he wanted voters to ultimately be in safer area, because rape had risen and so did murder and robbery. Giuliani made a theory which was called the “broken windows”. This was an analogy in which if a window was broken and went unfixed, then sooner or later the rest of the windows would be broken. Which connects to the fact about if small criminal acts slip through, then more and more crimes will take place. Therefore we should snip the problem in the bud. After winning the election and continuing to use this method, in 1996, the New York Times had plunged for the third straight year. By 2010, violent crimes in New York had plunged seventy-five percent.

There was many more reasoning behind the decrease of violence, besides a change in political tactics. One of the tomes on criminology, were that when the economy is on a rise, then the crime is low, but when the economy is suffering then the crime rates rise again. Another time was based on demographics, which pertained to young men, that read, “As the number of young men increases, so does crime.” This was not the case for New York, because even though the number of men increased, crime rates still continued to decline. Karl Smith, a professor of public economics and government at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, said, “If it spreads along lines of communication, he says, the cause is information. Think Bieber Fever. If it travels along major transportation routes, the cause is microbial. Think influenza. If it spreads out like a fan, the cause is an insect. Think malaria. But if it's everywhere, all at once—as both the rise of crime in the '60s and '70s and the fall of crime in the '90s seemed to be—the cause is a molecule.”  Smith continued to make advances on the real problem and the real solution. He had a good way of categorizing epidemics in a way that each crime could fit into each. It was a very interesting way in the way that it made seem that the way things were spread was because of a certain type of thing.

In another article, “Causes of Crime - Social and Economic factors” there were epidemics about how economy problems were involved with crime, and it was. The University of Chicago's Department of Sociology, which was formed in 1892, did a focus on city problems and how they could lead to criminal behavior.
There was an overwhelming decrease in popular cities such as New York City when the economy was doing good. This shows that when people are doing good in their pockets, they won`t want to still from other people`s pocket.

E1Q4 Proyecto - Dayanna, Taylor, Andora, Ailin

Malia, one of the main characters, was tired of being lonely and sad due to her most recent horrible breakup, and now she wants to get back into the dating world. She finds someone on Instagram and ends up going on a date with him. That's when things started going downhill. When she got there, he was the complete opposite of what she thought.....

Fourth Quarter Advanced Art

For my final quarter advanced art portfolio I created 4 different art pieces of my choosing. The very first creation was a sketch of my choosing from the location of the Rodin museum. I chose to draw the base and part of the statue of the thinker. I wanted to create a sketch that allowed me to draw objects with perspective. Choosing to draw the base of a statue allowed me to be able to draw a simple shape heavy base of a statue. I then decided to draw a fractal because I love fractals. The simplicity and symmetrical of such designs seem to go all the way into infinity making it seem quite complicated. In the center I decided to create a few designs to make the picture liven up. My next project is kind of a big one. I started by creating an abstract painting the eventually became a idea of what would happen, and what the world would look like when trump becomes president. I then added several different abstract pattern drawing that I enjoy creating. My final art piece of this year was a bent piece of metal. I found it at school and decided that I could make a statue out of metal. When I finally created I wanted to add a little color. I very cautiously and carefully held it near a flame and as the fire touch the metal, it created a brownish slightly burned color. Overall I felt good and very proud about my art projects I made this quarter as well as all I made this year.

Quarter 4 Blog Lukas Supovitz-Aznar

For my last blog of the year I started off with doing two drawings of a sculpture of a man. He is naked, so I just eye balled it at first, but did not really like the drawing so I gave it a second look. For the second look, I was more detailed in my drawing, and tried to capture the whole sculpture including all the details. For my 1st 4 hour drawing, I created a rainbow version of the sculpture. I really enjoyed my depiction of the drawing. It reminded me of a obscure, and abstract sculpture. For my second 4 hour art piece, I painted spongebob, using a lot of colors to try to draw him correctly. I did not really like my first attempt at drawing spongebob, So for my third 4 hour art piece I attempted to re-do the painting. For the last 4 hour art piece I got all of spongebob's details. From his tie, to his strips on his socks. I am very proud of what I created this year in art class, and feel like I have grown as a artist, as well as a art consumer. I am better 

quarter 4 art work

 In quarter four I tried to focus on reaching my full potential for this advanced art class and I think I did a pretty good job  of that by spending my time on these four hour projects and these little assignments trying to do my best. The pieces that I did didn’t have any real meaning they were just challenging for me so I wanted to attempt them.

Q4 Art Slideshow

    This quarter in art was mostly dedicated, at least for me, to practicing anatomy of human bodies and the such, as its something I'm notoriously bad at drawing. This was likely kicked off by the first week this quarter, where we visited the outside of the Rodin Museum, a place whose "art" is mostly carved statues and the suh, a testament to how the human boy can be represented visually using many different mediums of art. Of course, my medium was limited to paper, I neither have the time or the skill to actually carve out statues out of marble, but the sentiment was still there and would remain for the rest of the quarter. I attempted outlines of people, specked in the distance, as well as full on body shots with slight, mostly eccentric tweaks to the anatomy. 
     Results were mostly mixed. My skills as an artist have always shone best when sketching surreal landscapes or abstract ideas, and a dip into realism didn't serve me well. It was hard enough to get my pieces to look somewhat human(it turns out sketching outlines of silhouettes is extremely hard), and adding on clothes or hair proved to be neigh impossible for me to turn into something organic. Thus I dipped into that somewhat exaggerated art-style. My pieces, humans that is, often have Eastern Animation inspired hairstyle, really posh or impractical clothes(I particularly like drawing capes and scarves), and just a sense of mostly phantasmagorical wonder. 

Brain On The Stand, a piece by Sergei Mass

 It was an early afternoon in the Johnson household, Martin was cooking dinner for his family. "Mom and Dad this is what I learned in Cooking class in school today" "Wow Chicken Parmesan?" said his mother. "Isn't that so nice Stephen?" said his mother. She looks over and sees Stephen asleep in his chair. She noticed this first happening a few months ago when he passed out in family portraits. 
The next morning Kim, Martin's mother made an appointment for her husband with a sleep therapist. Instantly, he insisted that it was not needed and that he has had busy work days. After a few hours of arguing, the couple drove over to the doctor. They had him do sleep exercises while hooked up to a machine that looks at the flow of blood too and from the brain. Everything checks out, except that the amount of blood flowing back is a lot less consistant than the blood flowing to the brain. The sleep doctor thought nothing of this and let him go back home. Two nights past and he was feeling head pains, strong ones at that. He took Advil and tried to make the pain go away and shortly after, he had rages and fits of anger. In his office, he kicked a hole through his door when he lost his keys. He never told his wife and his child before it was too late.
About three weeks go by and that night has come, he gets up at about 11:30 at night and goes to his sons room and grabs his baseball bat, he beats his son to death. Instantly his wife wakes up, tears running everywhere and two whacks to the head and she's gone. He goes back to sleep and wakes up in the morning to see the bloody horror that he has done. it had taken him a few minutes to realize what he has done. He calls the cops and they come to see what he has done. Instantly he is put in cuffs and behind a metal cell door.
He mentions to his lawyer that he had head pains and had sleep problems and he told them to run something on his head. They put him through a MRI and they found a cancerous cyst off of his brain. His lawyer saw this as a time to be able to get him out of his charges. After two weeks in court, the cut his sentence from life in prison down to just over 18 months in prison due to his neurological disorder. 

From Man to Myth

“The top prospect coming out of High School is Jack Davidson. He has really been on a tear lately, in his Junior year nearly averaging 18 points, 10 assists, and 6 rebounds a game.” Said the sports announcer.

“Yeah he really has been carrying the load for this basketball team and we hope he can do the same thing tonight in the state championship game against the Buckeyes.” Said the other sports announcer. Jack has been playing basketball his whole life. Since he was 5 years old, he has always dreamt of going to the league, the NBA. He would often go to the park around the corner from his house and impersonate all of his favorite players in the NBA. He would pretend to be like Jack Bryant with his signature fadeaway shot or like the flashy Dwyane Wade when going to the basket. At a very young age, he was able to realize that just playing around wasn’t going to get him anywhere. He worked and worked everyday to get to where he wants to be. Guys in their 20’s playing basketball against Jack Davidson would ask where his agent was because he was so good.  And now, he is exactly where he wants to be right now. He is in the biggest lights of High School Basketball.


The Trustworthiness of Eyewitness Testimonies

Since the beginning of justice systems people have relied on on eyewitness testimonies to help clarify what really happened when a crime is committed, but they are severely flawed. Eyewitness testimony directly implicate a defendant, this more often than not, leads people to start to think that the person was guilty because they were seen at the scene of the crime, but eyewitness accounts often change overtime as the human brain process what they have actually bared witness to.

Usually when a person is in the type situation that is associated with crime, they respond to the situation in one of two ways. The first way would be mobilization, or fight or flight response. When this response is triggered the body gets ready to defend itself or run away from danger. It releases chemicals that stop some of a person's normal functions in order to provide the energy you need to protect yourself from the approaching danger. This makes the witness become focused on protecting themselves, and not what is going on around them, so when asked later to recount the event their memory would be slightly skewed, and many smaller details that could be critical in the conviction or release of a suspect could have missed their notice.

The other response that is triggered by extreme stress placed on a person when a crime was committed is immobility. This happens when a person becomes traumatised in a panicked dysfunctional state unable to move.  In very extreme situations where the witness life in sin danger this can also cause them to lose consciousness. The loss of consciousness or not being totally present in the moment can cause a person to not remember a crime clearly, so their brain would fill in the blanks with things that it feels fits the situation. This is especially bad because they can end up making up things that never transpired, or use the details overheard from the investigators to fill in the blanks.

Although there are a large number of factors that can reduce the accuracy of eyewitness accounts such as the witness being in duress or under extreme stress when the crime was committed, eyewitness statements can be very helpful when trying to figure out the exact sequence of events of a crime. This is usually done by collecting statements from a large pool of people who were in the area the time the crime was committed. If the persons questioned were not under stress and experiencing the two reactions to stress mentioned above then the investors on the case are able to get a clear picture of what happened.

Each statement that is given on a crime may include details that others may have missed or details that the witness brain has placed in the memory because that enabled the person to make more sense of the event. It is the investigator's job to navigate theses details and separate the facts from fiction, but when you have little to no physical evidence to compare the witness statements to it is hard not to just take everything accounted to you at face value, since there is nothing there to contest it.

How the environment effects criminal activity

Usually in neighborhoods where there is more green, meaning trees, grassy fields, lawns, flowers, and plants, people feel safer. For example, in a  2008 study of the 100 largest metropolitan areas, meaning urban and suburban areas, violent crimes in the city was at about 2,100, in comparison to in suburban areas at about 1,000. This shows that crime in urban areas is more prevalent than that of suburban areas. But why? It could simply be the reaction to seeing nature and serenity, and the pleasant smells and atmosphere that promotes a safer lifestyle and environment. This being in comparison to say an urban area, where there are factories, busy streets, odd smells, limited greenery, and noise. Also, the closeness of everyone and everything contributes sometimes to feelings of being trapped, especially in living communities, in comparison to how each suburban house is separate. In all, its is a common consensus that suburban areas lead to lower crime rates, however, what more is there to this?

Research studies over the years has questioned whether it’s due to one's genetic makeup of someone that causes them to be involved in criminal activity or if it is due to the environment in which an individual was raised in. It has been concluded that genes and one’s environment both play a significant role in one’s desire to participate in criminal activities. Various studies and lab experiments have led to this conclusion. In all, criminal behavior is defined by social and legal institutions, meaning science and biology do not play a role in defining what criminal activity is.

Regarding environment, however, this is not simply limited to the type of actually environment one is living in, meaning what the outside looks like, the more in depth environment, meaning the household and family environment can factor even more into how a child is influenced. Research has concluded it is the family environment that essentially factors in a child’s superactivity. With family risks or triggers for a bad environment being poverty, a child’s education, how the parent’s choose to raise their child, and how the family functions as a whole. Unsurprisingly, researchers discovered families who lack solid communication skills with one another and have weak bonds and connections throughout the family have been linked with children’s development of aggressive behavior, eventually leading to criminal behavior. A solid conclusion for a families turn out is with a family that lacks financially or mentally to properly raise their children and punish them for doing room are more likely to have an environment that influences the behavior and mindset of those who participate in criminal activity and delinquent behavior. In conclusion, one can understand that not just the overall environment, meaning the city, or suburban, or rural areas has an influence on how criminal activity is promoted, but the actual environment of how a child is raised is the larger factor in determining an individual's criminal mindset and behavior.





Lie Detecting

Lie detecting uses questioning techniques and examines physical functions in order to get the truth out of someone.  Most people know about lie detections through law enforcement tactics and a key tool for detectives.  Something I didn't know about lie detecting is that it is often wrong.  
The way lie detecting works is quite easy.  It's official name is a Polygraph.  When people lie their blood pressure often raises along with their heartbeat.  So when you are hooked up to a lie detector these are the factors that are being measured.  People know this and can manipulate their results on the lie detector test.  
Lie detectors have become more than just a tactic in detective work.  They have become an icon in TV and movies.  If you think about it, there have probably been multiple shows that you've watched that have involved or had a reference to a lie detector.  If you see a moving paper with 3 pens running along it you can probably already assume that it is a lie detector.  
Lie detectors can be useful for the right people.  The thing about lie detectors is that their way of measurement is so widely known that people can almost prepare for their tests.  Not everyone can pull it off which is good because those people will be easier to determine whether or not their lying.  
Lie detecting is somewhat a lost cause for now but the future could hold great things for it.  Brain scans of the suspects will be performed while their being questioned.  The suspects will also have to listen to words that relate to or are about the crime they are convicted of.  It is said that the results will be increased by a 90% accuracy level which will do great things for the world and will allow the right people to go to jail for their misdeeds.

Adolescents, Crime and Brain Development.-Maggie Clampet-Lundquist

Adolescents, Crime and Brain Development.

Ghani  is a friend of my mom’s. When he was fifteen years old he and another friend of his came from New York to Philadelphia to work with a drug gang. His friend and he were put inside of an abandoned house where they were locked in a room and sold drugs through a slit in the door, and they were brought food and water through the slit in the door. They were trapped, desperate, and fifteen years old and their brains weren’t thinking about the consequences of their actions, so when the next person came to the door they killed him so they could escape. Ghani and his friends were both tried as adults as many teenagers are even though that shouldn’t be the case. There is no doubt that what Ghani and his friend did is wrong, but should they have been tried as adults?

The rational region (frontal lobe) of a teen’s brain won’t be fully developed until the age of twenty-five. The frontal lobe contains a region called the prefrontal cortex which lets us organize our thoughts, anticipate consequences, plan, and control impulses. “The frontal lobe undergoes far more change during adolescence than at any other stage of life.” It is also the last part of the brain to develop, which means that even as they become fully capable in other areas, adolescents cannot reason as well as adults. Under development of rational thinking causes teens to rely on emotional parts of the brain, rather than the frontal lobe.”  A scientist who studies adolescent brains explains, “one of the things that teenagers seem to do is to respond more strongly with gut response than they do with evaluating the consequences of what they’re doing.” Ghani and his friend didn’t kill the man out of act of violence, they killed him based on emotion. They felt trapped. They were trapped! Unfortunately our legal system doesn’t recognize that that teenage are more likely to do mindless thing because they lack rational thinking.

"Adolescence, Brain Development and Legal Culpability." Juvenile Justice Center. N.p., Jan. 2004. Web. 7 June 2016.

Neurolaw of Lying

Some of the original lie detector test involved trying to use sweat and heart rates as a way to determine if someone is lying. The polygraph was the typical machine that is used to do lie detector test. While the polygraph may be know as typical and not reliable at times it it is the most accurate method of detecting lies that we have. There is a lot of belief that something happens in your brain when you lie that can be shown through graphs and exams. The way people get lie detectors verified is to take them to a court and put them to a test.

What are lies exactly? A lie is a made up state that someone attempts to pass off as the truth by withholding the truth itself. Most lies are made to either avoid telling someone the truth because they are afraid of how that person would react to the truth, or just to hide a dark secret. Of course there are other reasons people lie.

I personally believe that lie detectors are valuable and if the polygraph works now it has to be the best method of telling a lie. I do however believe that it is not perfect and engineers/scientist should keep designing better ones until one of them work. Other people of course believe that lie detectors don’t work and that everything said is a lie. Those are the same people that go on shows like Maury.

The science behind lying says that we when lying we first have to decide things like, how much trouble will we get in, is it worth it, and will we get away with it. We can’t lie more than our self worth. By that I mean we lie enough to maintain our image if we get caught. When tested studies show that people lie when it comes to money in-order to to increase their wealth. In society over 50% of adults lie every 10 minutes just because and almost 100% of children take that and begin their lying careers.



Lie detection, can neuroscience identify lies?

Since the beginning of criminology, police officers and detectives have been trying to come up with  methods of detecting lies, stories and fibs. .It wasn't until the early 1920’s polygraphs have been used as an interrogation tool with criminals. The US law enforcement and federal government agencies such as the FBI and the CIA have been using them. This test works in a easy way, when someone lies it makes your heart race. It makes you pant, it drives up your blood pressure and in some extreme cases it makes you drip sweat. A polygraph machine detect lies by looking for signs of these physiological changes. But to often there have been times where the these test don’t actually work. Scientist have been coming up with ways that enhance and improve the way these test work by using neuroscience.  

“Scientists believe that a lie is made up of two parts: a person must create the lie and also withhold the truth”

After 9/11 the American government has become highly interested in procuring a sure-fire method of spotting liars. The American military has a whole department, the Department of Defense Polygraph Institute the need for a better test came along. These proponents believe the future impact of neuroscience “will be inevitable, dramatic, and will fundamentally alter the way the law does business” In this case there’s always going to be people who agree with polygraph test and people who think it’s a whole bunch of crap. Using neuroscience, scientist have come up with ways to use Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to looks inside the brain instead of tracking outside measures of anxiety like changes in pulse, blood pressure or respiration. fMRI’s get the point straight across, you ask a question and if you lie the test shows it. Detection accuracy was claimed to be as high as 90% compared to a purported 70% for polygraphs making them more reliable and fast moving. There would be no need to use lawyers that would switch up your words and evidence. While some see this the best thing that could happen, and a bridge to a whole new world of lie detection and criminology others think this is just a waste of time.

Scientist believe the fMRI machines will only confuse results  “In theory, it takes more neural activity to lie than tell the truth because you have to construct a narrative, so the extent of neural activity can be relevant in determining whether you’re lying,” said Andrea Roth, an assistant professor at Berkeley Law.  In order to image an area where there is activity, a thought has to be made, and an image taken a couple of seconds afterward (because the oxygen conversion is not instantaneous). Stanford University’s Anthony Wagner decided to do a test where laboratory studies involve instruction to tell a low-stakes lie about an action they recently performed. However, in the real world, lies are self-generated, often high risk and emotionally charged, and lie detection may occur years after the event in question. This process must be repeated a couple of times to be able to filter out false positives. In the end there is no hard data to show that we can actually detect lies with great accuracy. We would all love it if neuroscience could distinguish between these true and false memories until then cops and detective will still to polygraph test.

fMRI’s are not a perfect science, and they have a long way to go before they can be perfect. I feel like with a good mixture between the test, lawyers and great evidence court cases will be easy to solve and won’t be hard to put people behind bars. There’s going to be a lot of work done and a lot of time put in before we can get anywhere to a point where test can really tell who’s lying and who’s telling the truth. We shouldn’t treat fMRI’s as if it’s the only thing that can and should be used in the court, we should seen more like another piece of evidence that could be icing on the cake to completely the case.

Brain Node 2
Brain Node 2