In the play Taming the Shrew the play suggests that romantic relationships are about achieving the status symbol of being an adult in society. In Taming the Shrew Katherine is described as a head strong girl that no one wants, because she is wild or shrew like. Petruchio wins her over with his wits and ends up marrying her, although his main plan is to tame his wife and rid her of her shrew like nature. In the 2004 movie Chasing Liberty there are the main characters with Anna Foster and Ben Calder are two characters in a complicated relationship where Anna is the president's daughter and must be protected, and Ben is a secret service agent, but Anna doesn’t know his true identity. Anna ditches the secret service agents and Ben must follow her to insure her overall safety and protection. On the surface, this plot may appear to have nothing to do with the story of “Shrew” One thing has become clear in analysing both Taming the Shrew and Chasing Liberty the fact that relationships are a part of achieving the status symbol of being an adult. As a result, teens want them, and for more than just having romance. Katherine and Anna share similar emotions and motivations in their stories. Katherine is held down by the expectations of her society. By what her father wants and prospective suitors who would be her husband. In contrast Anna is held down by her father's profession and his protectiveness, but wants to experience life on her own. Although both Katherine and Anna show the same craving for freedom, in order for women to be seen as adults in their societies they have to have “romantic” relationships.
"Quote from Play"
Act II, Scene 1; 905
Baptista Minola: Y'are welcome, sir, and he for your good sake;
But for my daughter Katherine, this I know,
She is not for your turn, the more my grief.
Petruchio: I see you do not mean to part with her;
Or else you like not of my company.
Baptista Minola: Mistake me not; I speak but as I find.
In the quote from Taming the Shrew Petruchio and Baptista are talking about Katherine. Petruchio starts off by saying what a lovely girl she is and all the wonderful things he has heard about her. Although Kathrine just had a fight with her sister and made a big commotion. The father keeps trying to downplay Katherine and persuade Petruchio differently, so that he won’t take interest in his daughter.
The parental relationship that Katherine shares with her father is very similar to Anna and her father's relationship in Chasing Liberty.
In the scene Anna’s parents are talking about understanding her and why she needed freedom. This is after she’s run away with a guy she thinks is a photographer. They discuss how she at least needs the illusion of freedom. Just like Baptisia they seek to control their daughters and limiting them from having certain things.
"Quote from Play"
Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper,
Thy head, thy sovereign, one that cares for thee,
And for thy maintenance commits his body
To painful labour both by sea and land,
To watch the night in storms, the day in cold,
Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe,
And craves no other tribute at thy hands
But love, fair looks, and true obedience,
Too little payment for so great a debt.
. . .
My mind hath been as big as one of yours,
My heart as great, my reason haply more,
To bandy word for word and frown for frown;
But now I see our lances are but straws,
Our strength as weak, our weakness past compare,
That seeming to be most which we indeed least are.
Then vail your stomachs, for it is no boot,
And place your hands below your husband’s foot,
In token of which duty, if he please,
My hand is ready, may it do him ease.
This scene happens at the end of the play, where Petruchio makes a bet with whose wife is more obedient and he wins the bet. This quote shows not only Katherine and Petruchio’s relationship, but how husband and wife relationships were viewed in that time period. When Katherine married Petruchio she got some freedom from her father. This relationship was the only way to achieve this freedom, because her father Baptista had the power to control her future. Although some would argue about giving her freedom to her husband Petruchio, but by looking at their relationship closely, it's a give and take relationship. She respects Petruchio as her husband. He gives her a freedom she could have could’ve never achieved with Baptista. When she married Petruchio instead being viewed as a kid Baptisias opinion of Kathrine changes, he thinks of her as a wife instead of a child.
In Chasing Liberty Anna’s father opinion about her age and what she is ready for changes overtime too.
In this scene Anna and Ben (The other romantic lead) have just reconnected after being separated when she was taken home. After Anna left Ben, her and her parents saw her heartbreak they started to trust her more and gave her more freedom. The relationship between Ben and Anna was seen as a life experience that she had grown from. So they gave her the freedom that she craved.
Society’s perception of what love is and how it should relate to relationships has been skewed into the area of fantasy and wishful thinking for many centuries, and art has always sought to satirize and critique this. For instance, while they may have been both written over 300 years apart, the classic Shakespearian comedy “Taming of the Shrew” and the 1977 Woody Allen movie “Annie Hall”, both examine to some extent the expectations of relationships and how those expectations can either tear relationships apart or bond the couple in question tighter together. Through their combined commentary, “Shrew” and “Annie Hall”, both in their similar and different approaches to tackling the nebulous theme of love, create stunning and contemporary insights on the predetermined expectations of relationships, how society has taught us they should be, how they actually are, and what they mean for both of the people involved.
Expectation is a broad term, so before we begin to compare and contrast these two pieces of media, we need to solidify what both are trying to say about the subject of expectation. “Shrew” was written during a time where men were expected to hold control over a marriage while the woman wasn’t so much as a person as a medal. She was a way to either show off prideful arrogance or attain money and land. This is reflected in the play. The two sisters: Bianca and Kate, aren’t so much courted because of love as they were because of interior motives from the suitors. The reader doesn’t so much see Bianca is being courted by her three suitors Gremio, Hortensio and Lucentio pursue Bianca because they love her as much as her land-renowned beauty is something to be won. The pitifulness of this venture is reflected in the play’s own genre, the comedic nature of the play is a way to reflect just how silly the whole situation is: that Bianca’s suitors disguise themselves as other people to win her love, or rely on dirty tricks so they can be the one’s to inherit Bianca’s wealth and land. It makes it all the more ironic and satisfying when the one who Bianca marries at the end of the play is Lucentio, the one suitor who impersonates a man(the literature teacher Cambio) who does not have money or family renowned to offer in exchange to Bianca’s father Baptista for Bianca’s hand.
As for Kate, her objectification is a little more obvious. Her suitor Petruchio only seeks to woo her initially for the money from her father, who in turn is also actively using Kate as a literal roadblock in order to get her married, not allowing for the more desirable Bianca to be married until Kate is first engaged. It’s in this sexist expectation of the time period that the play finds its most potent point, however. This is where the critique of the expectation of love is found in “Shrew”. The last scene of the play is a narratively integral culmination of the satire that Shakespeare has been building up until that point, and while it is true that the finale of “Shrew” is extremely interpretive, for the purpose of this paper, we will interpret it as it relates to the theme.
“To offer war where they should kneel for peace;
Or seek for rule, supremacy, and sway,
When they are bound to serve, love, and obey.
Why are our bodies soft and weak and smooth,
Unapt to toil and trouble in the world,
But that our soft conditions and our hearts
Should well agree with our external parts?”
-Kate(Act V, Sc 2)
Kate’s passionate monologue at the end of the play is essentially complete contradiction of how she has acted throughout the entirety of “Shrew”. What she is saying here is contrary to her beliefs about the relationship dynamics between man and wife should work, and neither is she simply repeating hammered in ideals from her newlywed Petruchio. Petruchio after all, has been one of the less misogynist people we’ve met in the play, since he’s mostly just here for the money and doesn’t directly give Kate power over the marriage, but not exactly taking it away from her either. Rather, his aptitude to leave her to fend for herself during their honeymoon suggests that he completely understands Kate’s strength and will, but just needs to show her that such an attitude will only drive people away, so she best calm a bit. So, if not Petruchio to who Kate delivers this speech, then who? The answer, as well as who Shakespeare was mocking in “Shrew”, is simply the audience, and by extension the reader. Though it could be read one way or another, “Shrew”could be regarded as a biting commentary on the unequal gender-dynamics of the time, playing up the stupidness of it for laughs, before ending it with a speech that can easily be seen as completely false given what the audience have seen throughout the play. And, just to spit in the face of those who may be taking the speech seriously, Shakespeare has given the most important, longest and most thematically significant speech, the last grand monologue before the curtain drops… to a woman. It’s a combination of thematic comedy and tonal identity, that shows just how much expectations towards marriage have changed during the centuries. It ends the play on a note saying that while society may still hold these sexist expectations, Kate and Petruchio know it not to be true, though that won’t stop them from holding a mutual understanding of how they’re being perceived by other, and exploiting that expectation to win the bet of the play’s last scene.
Annie Hall, on the other hand, takes on an expectation much more relevant to modern society and marriage as a whole, and the whole affair is decidedly much less upbeat than the comedic “Shrew”. Tackling the modern expectations of how relationships should be right now rather than the sexist ideals of Shakespeare’s time, Annie Hall questions whether happiness necessarily constitutes whether two people are in love. In the modern day world, happiness for both parties is in any expectation for marriage or relationship, but Annie Hall directly challenges this notion.
In this quiet scene in a bookstore, the protagonist of Annie Hall: Alvy, a neurotic comedian, explains his philosophy of life to the titular female lead. According to Alvy, in life, you’re either horrible or miserable. If you’re horrible you’re either terminally ill of psychically disabled, so if you’re neither of those things, you should be grateful to be miserable. It’s an extremely negative outlook on life as a whole, and while it’s one that only Alvy seems to hold in the movie, it’s an outlook that the movie seems to want to transfer to the audience. Life is a miserable experience, and so by extension, are relationships. But just because life and relationships are horrible, that doesn’t mean they still don’t hold some kind of value.
The conclusion of both media pieces ultimately hinges on whether the couples of “Shrew” and “Annie Hall” reject or deny the expectations about love and marriage that have till that point driven the narrative. In “Shrew”, both Petruchio and Kate have defied the sexist expectations of the time, and as a result, while they may not be in love with one another depending on how the dialogue is interpreted, they are certainly both are happy at the end of the play. They hold each-other in a certain amount of respect, and the reader can gather that their relationship, even if it was not romantic, still persevered long after the last scene.
“Come, Kate, we’ll go to bed.
We three are married, but you two are sped.
[To Lucentio] ‘Twas I won the wager, though you
hit the white,
And being a winner, God give you good night”
-Petruchio(Act V, Sc 2)
In this quote, Petruchio lays out why exactly he thinks he is the “winner” at the end of the play. Though Lucentio has won the jewel of the play: Bianca, the ultimate symbol of purity and “victory” throughout the plan, Petruchio knows that his relationship, built on a bedrock of mutual understanding rather than the sneaky underhand tactics that Lucentio stooped too, will ultimately prove more sustainable. This again, is shown by Shakespeare in the play. When the men make a bet to see which of their wives will come first when called, it is only Kate who comes to Petruchio, and not only that, but drags the non-obedient Bianca by the ear along with her. This could be seen as Kate being fully indoctrinated into the gender politics of the time, but more likely, it’s to show that the woman and men who built their marriages on the norm, and by extension, expectations of the time will not have a healthy, mutually respected relationship.
On the other half of the coin, Annie Hall shows how relationship dynamics falter when both sides of the relationships believe wholeheartedly in the romantic expectations of the time, which is in this case, that love equals happiness. Building up to the finale, Alvy and Annie have broken up and reconciled multiple times, but now that he’s about to lose Annie perhaps for good to a handsome music producer, Alvy flies to California to get her back. His attempt utterly fails, even an attempted marriage proposal, and he flies back to New York. The film closes on a slight fast-forward to chance meeting Alvy and Annie have back in New York, and it’s Alvy’s closing narration over this final scene that truly ties the thematic core of this piece together.
As the ending credits start to roll, Alvy describes an old joke he once heard. In the joke, the narrator tells a doctor that his brother believes that he is a chicken, and when the doctor asks the narrator why he doesn’t turn his brother in, the narrator says that he “needs the eggs”, which strikes a chord with Alvy about his experience with relationships. In Alvy’s opinion, while relationships may be chaotic and stupid and miserable, everyone still puts up with them because they “need the eggs”. This is a direct parallel to the film’s thematic message about happiness in relationships. While modern day expectations say that relationships should be happy, Annie Hall says that they are in reality, well… chaotic, stupid and miserable. But despite that, relationships still “give eggs”, that human connection that we call love, and the hurt is worth it. The ending of Annie Hall shows what happens when expectation about relationships get in the way of actual relationships, that that human connection crumbles.
Both “Shrew” and Annie Hall are critics of relationship expectations in terms of the time period they were both created. While they go about it different ways, both pieces of media agree that these expectations that society create around the concept of relationships destroy those same relationships. Proper relationships can only work if both parties look past the expectations created by society, and see their human connection for what they are eggs that worth harvesting despite the nasty stuff around them.
In The Taming of the Shrew, the plot revolves around Petruchio “taming” wild and angry Katharine to be a proper and decent wife as part of a challenge. Pat in Silver Linings Playbook does the same to Tiffany unintentionally by falling in love with her.
Though the methods that the two men use may seem different, the end result and the stereotypes the pieces carry out are very similar. Both men see possession over the women in their lives that they wish to date/marry, and both men end their journeys with a docile partner as a result of their actions, whether intentional or unintentional. The idea that women need to be fixed by a partner is perpetuated by both literature and media that portrays men as the changing force of a “troubled” woman’s life. He uses his tools of strength and affection to sedate her ways and convince her to act “normal”. Even though the movie has some more egalitarian themes because it is a more modern piece of work, both The Taming of the Shrew and Silver Linings Playbook show us that outspoken women are seen as something to be loved or taught how to be loved when they are incapable of doing so.
“I will be master of what is mine own./She is my goods, my chattels; she is my house,/My household stuff, my field, my barn,/My horse, my ox, my ass, my anything./And here she stands, touch her whoever dare.” Act 3, Scene 2 (235-239)
In Shrew, Petruchio is a suitor from another land who arrives to purposefully tame and marry infamously untameable and always single Katharine. In this particular scene, Petruchio is announcing to a crowd the power that he has over Katharine, the woman who, as made clear to us, does not wish to marry him. Petruchio acts as if he deserves to own Katharine as both his wife and property. He demeans her by comparing her to objects and animals. He implies how obedient and inanimate she can be under his care. Here, Katharine is shown as something to be taught how to love because she is so “wild” she was previously incapable of doing so. The idea that a loud or rude woman is presented as an inanimate thing waiting to be taught love is sexist by nature.
The man in this scene is named Pat, and the woman Tiffany. They both have ambiguous mental illnesses and violent mood swings, and because of this they do not get along at first. But after meeting through a mutual friend and then establishing a complicated friendship, they manage to find some common ground through their honesty. Pat was imprisoned because he beat up a man that he caught his wife with. In this particular scene, he has recently been released a few days before and is out on a job when he runs into Tiffany. Here, he is explaining to Tiffany why it will work out when he meets up with his past wife, Nikki, again.
“Okay, yeah, we wanna change each other, but that's normal, couples wanna do that. I want her to stop dressing like she dresses, I want her to stop acting so superior to me, okay? And she wanted me to lose weight and stop my mood swings, which both I've done. I mean, people fight. Couples fight. We would fight, we wouldn't talk for a couple weeks. That's normal. She always wanted the best for me … our love's gonna be f---ing amazing.”
Pat acts as if he deserves to win back Nikki and that she should accept his advances, even after their separation was because of an explosion caused by his possession over her body. He sees Nikki as something that he must teach how to love. He implies she was incapable of loving him before he “improved” himself and vice versa. Though this may seem like a more egalitarian way of considering love (both partners must improve for the other), Pat still presents it as if the only reason they will ever be happy together in the future is because they both changed they way they looked/acted.
“Katharine the curst,/A title for a maid of all titles the worst.”
Act 1, Scene 2 (130-131)
In this particular scene, Grumio is speaking to Hortensio about Katharine, and how mad and difficult she actually is to handle. The implication that Katharine already had this nickname assigned to her in the past, since mentioning it is a point of humor. Katharine is obviously seen as a woman who does not fit the societal standards of female obedience, and therefore is labelled as “curst” and “the worst”. But we are shown later in the play that Katharine has always continued to act this way because of the contrast between her and her docile sister, Bianca. She even criticizes her father for not favoring her and instead giving Bianca all of the affection and good marriages. Katharine is a real person acting on real emotions, not a madwoman like she is made out to be.
In this scene, Tiffany has just finished opening up to Pat about her depressive sexual behavior after her husband died. Then, Pat is discussing the dinner they had with a mutual friend and whether his behavior there would impress Nikki if Nikki had been there. They are speaking about the opinion of the actual woman who held the dinner, Tiffany’s sister. Tiffany is telling Pat what her sister said about him.
“She said you were cool, but … you know.”
“No, I don’t know.”
“Sort of like, how you are … sort of like me.”
“Sort of like you? I hope to God she didn’t tell Nikki that.”
“Because it’s just not right. Lumping you and I together, I mean, it’s just wrong, and Nikki wouldn’t like that. Especially after all the sh-t you just told me.”
“You think I’m crazier than you.”
“Because … I mean, well, we’re different.”
Tiffany is shamed by Pat because Tiffany does not meet the societal standards for female sexual activity. Therefore, Pat treats her as if she is a mad person and unable to be seen as anything acceptable. This is especially true because the purpose of the conversation is for Pat to woo Nikki again, and he condemns Tiffany’s behavior as not something that would attract a partner. Again, we return to the standards set for single women who do not want to marry.
It is made clear that Tiffany is a real person acting on real emotions, not a madwoman like she is made out to be.
Pat is Petruchio and Tiffany is Katharine. Both Tiffany and Katharine are labelled as onry and untamed. Except in Playbook as opposed to Shrew, both Pat and Tiffany are tamed by each other instead of the man taming the woman on purpose. Pat makes that clear when he says, “The only way to beat my crazy was to do something even crazier. Thank you. I love you.” Still, there are underlying implications of Pat taming Tiffany by loving her, and by the end of both the movie and the book (Shrew), both women are passive. Both Tiffany and Katharine are shown as people who need to be loved, and then are taught how to love once it is obvious that they are “unable” to. These portrayals show us that society’s attitudes toward heteronormative courtship/dating are largely skewed. Women are not seen as equals in the relationship in relation to men. Instead, they are first seen as something to be edited in order to fit patriarchal expectations. The moment they express themselves, outspoken women are seen as something to be loved or taught how to be loved when they are incapable of doing so.
A Comparison of "The Taming of the Shrew" and "Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhunia"
The play “The Taming of the Shrew”, explores the complexities of love and how it can eventually turn into marriage based in the past. On the other hand, the hindi film Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania (Humpty Sharma’s Bride) takes a look at love and marriage in the 21st century. In the play and the movie, the parents have a huge say in the marriage part of their children’s love story. The parents in both stories wish to see their daughters secure financially. While there are similarities between the concerns the parents have about their daughters, the way that their concerns evolve and they come to a compromise throughout the stories are different.
In the play, Baptista is only concerned about the money that the suitors can offer his daughter. This idea doesn’t budge or change at all throughout the play. In the end, he’s happy that both his daughters were able to get married to such rich men and doesn’t really ask for much else. In the movie, Kavya’s (Humpty’s lover) father is unaccepting of Humpty’s financial situation. However, after getting to know Humpty and who he is, he changed his mind. These stories reflect that while fathers can still be concerned about financial security in marriage for their daughters, today they are more flexible and willing to accept marriage from a suitor with a good heart and personality.
“Faith, gentlemen, now I play a merchant’s part;
And venture madly on a desperate mart.”
(Act II, Scene i, 345-346)
In the quote, Baptista is referring to himself as a merchant. It’s almost as if his daughter’s marriage means he’s selling her, like a merchant would sell his goods in a marketplace. By this point in “Taming of the Shrew”, Petruchio convinced Baptista that his daughter has agreed to marry him and that they will be married by Sunday. Baptista is very happy. What else could he ask for? Petruchio had everything he wants which consists of money, money and even more money. By playing merchant and essentially “selling” his daughter, Baptista can rest assured that there will be plenty of money involved in this marriage.
In the film, Kavya’s father, Mr.Singh, finds himself in a dilemma. Her daughter loves Humpty, who doesn’t have much to amount for financially. However, her marriage is already fixed with a man who is the perfect match in his opinion. Mr.Singh tries to immediately break Kavya and Humpty’s relationship, but seeing his daughter’s persistence he gives Humpty a chance.
The conditions are simple. Humpty has to find just one reason why Kavya’s shouldn’t marry her fiance. This shows that even from the start, Kavya’s father is measuring Humpty on his brains and wit, not just his bank account. He wants to put Humpty in his shoes
“Fear not, Baptista, we will content you.”
(Act V, Scene ii, 139-140)
During this scene, Baptista finds out that Cambio is actually Lucentio. At first, he is completely outraged. He sternly asks why Lucentio married his daughter without his blessing. Vincentio comforts him, by promising that Baptista will be content with what Lucentio will be able to offer. Everyone in this time period knows that a father wants nothing more than a financially stable husband for his daughter. Vincentio understands and can promise money to Baptista, who’s now worried about this new identity reveal. After the promise, Baptista quickly forgives Lucentio for his trickery. Even though he knows nothing about Lucentio other than his finances, Baptista doesn’t mind his daughter’s marriage with him anymore and doesn’t ask any questions.
By the end of the film, Humpty realizes that there’s nothing wrong with Kavya’s fiance. In fact, he’s an amazing guy. However, there was no guarantee that the perfect suitor would make his daughter the happiest. He tells Mr.Singh that people weren’t created to be perfect. It is the strength and love of a relationship that helps make two people perfect. Still, Mr.Singh is not fully convinced. Kavya’s wedding with Angad proceeds.
It took his daughter to give Mr.Singh the final push towards acceptance. She doesn’t beg, just simply speaks her heart. Humpty and Kavya love each other very much and would figure the rest out. Humpty reminds Mr.Singh of himself as a young man. Once a simple mechanic when he met his wife and now a successful businessman. Soon enough Mr.Singh realizes that Humpty is the one for his daughter. Humpty is smart, sweet, humble and everything that one could ask for in a partner. Mr.Singh happily gets his daughter married to Humpty.
The simple fact that Mr.Singh gets his daughter married to Humpty even though his financial situation does not change throughout the movie shows reinforces the idea that the 21st century dad understands that there’s more than money to happiness to a marriage. Though initially Kavya’s dad doesn’t approve, he takes the time to listen to his daughter and her feelings. Per her request, he gets to know Humpty and eventually changes his mind. It’s all about what his daughter wishes for, finds happiness in and loves. By the end of the movie, everyone is ecstatic. Kavya gets Humpty, her father’s blessing and a fun filled wedding!
04/28 Thur: Half day classes / Afternoon conferences
10:05-10:55 X/Y class
1:30pm -4:30pm conferences
Courtney, who would take the mound in relief for the first time since recovering from Tommy John surgery, would finish the day 3-3 with 4RBIs and score the 15th run by tagging up on Ben Simon's deep shot to Center.
3 Rough Cut Originals also placed in the Top Ten, a feat never accomplished in 10-Day Film Challenge history.
Tiarra Bell, Tenzin Chemi, Felix D'Hermillon, Dylan McKeon
Nominations (2)- Best Editing, Best Film Poster Design
"Depression. The Man" (Overall 8th Place Finish)
Felix Schafrothdoty, Mark Gucciardi-Kriegh, Juliana Concepcion, Daouda Njie, Joaquin Thomas
Nominations (3)- Best Screenplay, Best Sound Editing, Best Film Poster Design
Winner (1)- Best Screenplay
Top Ten Finish- 8th Place
"Les Be Friends" (Overall 3rd Place Finish)
Indee Phillpotts, Xavier Carroll, Zoe Andersson, Cacy Thomas, Anastasia Petropoulos
Nominations (3)- Best Performances, Best Use of Dialogue, Superior Technical Merit
Winner (1)- Best Performances
Top Ten Finish- 3rd Place
"Don't Question It"- (Overall 2nd Place Finish)
Eamon Kelly, Mitchell Berven-Stotz, Javier Peraza, Tamira Bell, Sean Morris
Nominations (5)- Audience Award, Best Musical Score, Best Film Editing, Best Use of Prop and Superior Technical Merit
Winner (1)- Best Editing
Top Ten Finish- 2nd Place
Allergies are a bad response from our bodies to a substance
An external stimulant either ingested or airborne
Allergens are seen as foreign to our bodies and we react to them.
When our bodies come in contact with allergens it releases antibodies
A protein that attaches to some antigens.
Antibodies are y shaped proteins
When having an allergic reaction:
Antibody and antigen attach and travel to the mast cell in body tissue.
The purpose is to flush out allergen.
- Kill chemicals that cause allergic reaction
In 2010, $17.5 billion dollars were spent on health costs by people with nasal swelling they lost approximately 6 million days at work/school and made 16 million doctor visits.
- Food allergies cost about $25 billion each year.
Since MDMA is a party drug it is commonly used by high school students, college students and some adults. Because it is so cheap ranging from $25-40, 1 out of every 10 college students have experimented with Molly and 98% of college students who had used ecstasy had also used marijuana. Sometimes MDMA is replaced with PMA which is another cheaper version to look like Molly but because each dose isn’t as strong you buy and use more making it easier to OD. People should also know the difference between Molly and Ecstasy even though they both come from the same chemical compound. Ecstasy is mixed with other drugs or chemicals like rat poison, bath salts, baking soda, LSD. Compared to Molly which is straight MDMA they both a lethal but Ecstasy could be considered cheaper. Because teenagers are still going to be partying and going out there’s been an increase of Molly consumption (especially in the US).
I did research on MDMA for my chemistry BM I wanted to share some of the information I found out. I had to do more research on what’s really happening in the brain that makes the pill works the way it does. I like parties and it’s could be warned about what’s out there and what people are really getting into. It’s something like teenagers do dabble in a lot of things during college and Molly could be one of them. We’re all going to college soon and it’s good to know what’s what.
"MDMA (Ecstasy or Molly)." NIDA for Teens. NIH...Turning Discovery Into Health, 2009. Web. 15 Apr. 2016. <http://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/mdma-ecstasy-or-molly>.
Roderick, Ryan. "18 Things About The Drug “Molly” That Might Be Important For You To Know." BuzzFeed News. BuzzFeed, Inc, 3 Sept. 2013. Web. 16 Mar. 2016. <http://www.buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/things-about-the-drug-molly-that-might-be-important-for-y#.blB5dQZaB>.
"Understanding Ecstasy, MDMA and Molly." Ecstasy Addiction and Abuse. Recovery Worldwide LLC, 1999. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. <https://www.addictioncenter.com/drugs/ecstasy/>.
The mantra of the game was "Win The Inning", and the Rockets did just that. In the first it was simply responding to an early run by Edison to make it 2-1. But then the Rocket exploded for 7 in the 2nd and 5 more in the 3rd to blow it open. Those additional 12 runs included lots of extra base hits including
Arsenio "Pepe" Gomez was en fuego, going 4-4 with a triple and 3RBIs. Kristian Ramos did it on the other side of the ball as well, also perfect at the plate (3-3 3RBI). Alex Torres got into the action by smacking a triple into the gap in left center in the same inning as his brother, and Jaime Vaquero-Garcia ripped a double in his last at bat of the day to add to the pain.
Honestly, Edison didn't know what hit them. The confident swagger they had taking the field after scoring just one run in the first quickly disappeared and may never return after this literal drubbing. SLA JV is in 1st place and 5-1 on the season. Next up, a showdown with natural rival Central on Thurs, 4/21.
3.8 billion years ago, the Earth was mostly ocean. And that ocean was populated by billions of tiny archaea and bacteria. That was life. Life stayed like that for 2 billion years. These prokaryotes existed in an “energy canyon” they did not have the energy to get bigger and more complicated, and the only way they could develop the mechanisms to get bigger and more complicated, they would need energy. It’s a paradox. So for 2 billion years, nothing really changed, and there was no reason life wouldn’t continue like that for billions of more years. But one day, complicated, diverse life began to develop. The theory as to how this miracle happened is as follows. An archaean (a bigger single celled organism) and a bacterium (a smaller organism) are floating along, and they happen to bump into each other. Improbably, impossibly, the two cells merge. The bacterium, now stuck inside a bigger cell, should struggle to survive. It shouldn’t be able to eat, or live, or reproduce. The larger cell should protest, should excrete the imposter bacterium. But that didn’t happen. Very improbably, very impossibly, the bacteria, called a mitochondria, survived. The big cell fed it, allowed it to reproduce, built mechanisms to keep the growing population alive.
You might be wondering, but where did the energy for this growth come from? What about that energy canyon. The answer is across the cell membrane of the mitochondria. They are a special type of cell that produces a large electric charge across its membrane. It’s an electric charge equivalent to a bolt of lighting. So it grew, and diversified, and made proteins and DNA and organelles, it reproduces and spread, and over the next 1.8 billion years that 2 cell merge evolved into all the complex, eukaryotic life on Earth today.
Based on this theory, the story in the Book of Genesis of Adam and Eve, of two things coming together and creating life, doesn’t seem that far from evolutionary biology. If Genesis is, as many Christian scientists believe, a romanization of reality, then this theory of evolution might fit into the Bible.
The other societal implication that arises from this theory is the possibility of alien life. Because of the pure improbability of how complicated life came to be, it’s statistically very unlikely that this could have happened anywhere else, no matter the vastness of the universe. However, it is not that unlikely that we could find bacteria roaming the surface of far away planets. But alas, no E.T.
Inside of myself, there are mitochondria and DNA remnant of that original merge. If you look hard enough, you can see how I am related to the origins of life.
Abumrad, J. (Producer). (2016, April 6). Radiolab [Audio podcast]. Retrieved From http://www.radiolab.org/story/cellmates/
Rosen, J. (2015, October 19). Scientists may have found the earliest evidence of life on Earth. Science Magazine. doi:10.1126/science.aad4732
Brom, R. H. (2004, August 10). Adam, Eve, and Evolution. Retrieved April 19, 2016, from http://www.catholic.com/tracts/adam-eve-and-evolution
The Rocket is used to scoring more than three runs in a game, but you don't need more than that when only the same number of balls actually finds a way to crawl out of the infield. In the fifth Kensington fans and players started to ask "Who's Your Daddy?" after a couple of walks and a weak single loaded the bases in a 2-0 game. When no one else reached base the rest of the way the answer was clear that Finney was theirs.
Next Up: The Rocket continues their road trip and visits Roxborough on Wed, 4/20. First Pitch 315pm