Espanol Unidad 1: Habla Ud. Espanol ?

This is a blog that was made by Ellen, Dakota, and Nick. This Blog helps those who want to learn Spanish and also reflects on what we have learned in the past weeks of school! GO ROCKETS!

Edad - Age

Wanna know someone's age or when their birthday is? Or to say happy birthday to them? Well, this is the post you should be looking at! We will teach you!

Asking someone's age:
¿Cuántos años tiene(Usted)? - How old are you? (formal)
¿Cuántos años tienes(tú)? -  How old are you? (informal)
Answering this question:
Tengo ___#___ años. - I am ___#___ years. 

Asking when someone's birthday is:
¿Cuándo es su cumpleaños? - When is your birthday? (formal)
¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? - When is your birthday? (informal)
Answering this question:
Es el _#_ de __mesa__. - It is _#_ of __month__. 
¡Feliz cumpleaños! - Happy birthday!

Real-life application:
You meet someone new and you want to know how old they are. Then, you want to know when their birthday is, so you can say happy birthday to them. 
  Asking a person your age:
Person 1: ¡Hola! ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños?
Person 2: Tengo quince (15) años.
Person 1: ¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? 
Person 2: Hoy. (today) 
Person 1: ¡Feliz cumpleaños!
  Asking a person older than you:
Person 1: ¿Cuándo es su cumpleaños?
Person 2: Tengo es ochcenta y cinco (85) años. 
Person 1: ¿Cuándo es su cumpleaños?
Person 2: Es el doce de junio. 

Los Meses de Año y La Fecha - The Months of the Year and the Date

In this post, we will teach the months of the year, how to say them, how to ask for the date, and how to write the date in español.

Los Meses de Año:
  when writing the months in español, they are always lowercased. 
enero - january
febrero - february
marzo - march
abril - april
mayo - may
junio - june
julio - july
agosto - august
septiembre -  september
octubre - october
noviembre - november
diciembre - december

La Fecha:
¿Cuál es la fecha? - What is the date?
¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? - What is today's date?
when answering these questions you would say:
Es el _#_ de _mesa_ -  It is _#_ of _month_

Real-life application:
When you want to know what the date is, so you are write it down. 

Person 1: ¿Cuál es la fecha?/¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?
Person 2: Es el 25 de mayo.

Los Numeros y Numero de Teléfono - Numbers and Telephone Numbers

In this post, we will teach you the numbers, the differences when writing numbers, how to ask for somebody's telephone number, and everything else needed to know about numbers.

Los Nmeros
 1 - 5 is only one word.
uno - one
dos - two
tres - three
cuatro - four
cinco - five
seis - six
siete - seven
ocho - eight
nueve - nine
 11 - 15 has 'ce' at the end
once - eleven
doce - twelve
trece - thirteen
catorce - fourteen
quince - fifteen
 16 - 19 starts with 'dieci' and the number.
dieciseis - sixteen
diecisiete - seventeen
dieciocho - eighteen
diecinueve - ninteen
20 - 100 
viente - twenty When writing 20's, it is vienti + number, as one word.
Then, it when writing the rest of the numbers it is 'start y number'. For example, treinta y uno means thirty one. 
treinta - thirty
cuarenta - forty
cincuenta - fifty
sesenta - sixty
setenta - seventy
ochcenta - eighty 
noventa - ninety 
When writing the number for 100, it is 'ciento+number'. For example. 'cientouno' means 101.
cien - one hundred
And 1,000 is 'mil'. 

Número de Teléfono
 This is how to ask for someone's phone number:
¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? - What is your phone number? 'tu' makes is informal. 
¿Cuál es su número de teléfono? - What is your phone number? 'su' makes it formal. 
 This is how you answer when someone's asks you, for your number: 
Es el ___/___/_____ - It is ___/___/____
Then, you can reply by saying: 
Te llamo pronto - I'll call you soon. 
Te llamo luego - I'll call you later. 

Real-life application
When you meet somebody and you want to talk to them more so, you ask for their telephone number. 
Person 1: ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
Person 2: Es el dos uno cinco (215)/ tres cuatro seis (346)/ diez dos uno(1021)

Person 1: ¿Cuál es su número de teléfono? 
Person 2: Es el trece cinco(135)/catorce cinco(145)/quince vientinueve(1529)

Name : Nombre

In this post, you will learn about names and how to ask for it. Learning names is a good thing to learn because, after all, mostly everybody you talk to asks you what your name is.

¿Cómo te llamas (tú)? - Informal = What's your name?
¿Cómo se llama (Ud.) - Formal = What's your name?

There are three different ways to say - My name is - however, the literal translation is Mi nombre es_____.

Me llamo______. = My name is_____.
Yo soy_____. = My name is_____.
Mi nombre es_____. (literal translation) = My name is_____.

Some things to say after you ask someone's name:
Un placer - It's a pleasure
Mucho gusto - Nice to meet you.
Encantado (male) - Charmed
Encantada (female) - Charmed
Igualmente - Likewise
El gusto es mío - Likewise

Real Life Application:
Working in a Restaurant

Formal VS. Informal - Tú VS. Usted (Ud.)
Both tú and Usted mean "you". However, we use tú when talking to a FRIEND and is probably around the same age as you.
We use Usted - abbreviated Ud. - when we are talking to and OLDER person or an ADULT. Using the formal version you are showing respect to whom you are speaking to.

Tú = You                              Usted(Ud.) = You
Informal                                        Formal

Real-life application
When you are asking someone...How are you? (¿Cómo estas?)

Person 1: ¿Cómo estás (tú)? -- Informal (Use when asking a FRIEND how they are doing.)
                    ¿Cómo estás (Ud.)? -- Formal (Use when asking your PARENTS and/or an OLDER person how they are doing.)

Person 2: Más o menos -- (Alright)
                 ¿Y tú? -- Informal (And You?)
                 ¿Y Usted? -- Formal (And You?)

Person 1: Bien, gracias. -- (Well, thanks)

Common Topics and Saludos/Greetings

^ Saying that can be said at anytime of the day! ^

Meeting somebody can be AWESOME! Here are some ways to greet someone in Spanish!There are multiple things you can say when meeting a new person, like how are you doing or good morning. Here are some phrases:

¡Hola! - Hello! (This can be said at anytime of the day)
¡Buenos dias! - Good Morning!
¡Buenas tardes! - Good Afternoon!
¡Buenas noches! - Good Evening / Good Night!

Then, you can start the conversation with:
All of these mean 'How are you?':
  • ¿Qúe Tal?
  • ¿Cómo Va?
  • ¿Cómo estás?(tú - informal)
  • ¿Cómo esta? (Usted - formal)
Answer to these questions:
  • Muy Bien, gracias. - (Very) Well, Thank you.
  • Mas o menos - Alright
  • (Muy) Mal / Terrible(ter-ree-bre) - (Very) Bad / Terrible 
Then you could ask the other person how they are doing by saying:
  •  ¿Y tú? - And you? (informal)
  • ¿Y Usted? - And you? (formal)
You could also say in reply to their answer:
  • ¡Ay, ay, ay! - Oh no!
  • ¡ Qúe bien! - Oh, good!
When using some of these greetings, you have to be formal and informal. For example,: 
  • ¿Cómo estás?(tú - informal)
  • ¿Cómo esta? (Usted - formal)
Using Usted(Ud.) to an adult is formal. When talking to a person your age or younger then you, you use tú.

Real Life Application:
The Video will be cut into two parts. One will have a child formally speaking to an adult in a formal way. The other part will have a teenager speaking to another teenager in Spanish and they will use informal terms.

Part One: Formal:
Kid: ¿Cómo esta?
Adult: Muy Bien, gracias. ¿Y tú?
Kid: ¡ Qúe bien!

La Estaciones - Seasons

For this post, it will show you how to identify, write, and learn the different seasons en español. It will also teach you how to identify the correct way on writing the seasons too.

You could apply this to real life situations when:

  • talking about the weather
  • sensing a change in season
  • asking about the months and seasons
  • pronouncing them

el invierno - 
la primavera - spring 
el verano - summer
el otoño - fall/autumn

How to pronounce all four seasons:
el invierno - winter : l - in-ver-no
la primavera - spring : la - pree-ma-vee-ear-ra
el verano - summer : l - ver-raan-no
el otoño - fall/autumn : l - on-ton-nee-o

Real Life Application:
P1: *acting like the season's temperature*
P2: el invierno?

Los Días de la Semana - Days of the Week

    This post will teach you about saying the days of the week and how to ask what day is it in spanish. This post also has helpful hints and strategies on how to write it and how to correctly say it.

     This is an important topic to learn because:
            - It is a part of the date
            - Talked about topic in a conversation.

- Los días de la semana means the days of the week.

- ¿Qué día es hoy? - What day is today? 

- Days of the week:

  • lunes - Monday 
  • martes - Tuesday
  • miércoles - Wednesday
  • jueves - Thursday
  • viernes - Friday
  • sábado - Saturday
  • domingo - Sunday
- How to pronounce the days of the Week:
  • lunes : lune-es
  • martes : mart-tes
  • miércoles : meer-ree-cole-les
  • jueves : hweeh-ves
  • viernes : vee-ear-ness
  • sábado : sa-baa-doe
  • domingo : doe-ming-goe

- When writing the says of the week, they always should start with lowercase letter and on the calendar, the week starts with lunes. 

- When you want to ask what day a certain day is you would say: ¿Qué día de la semana es (the date). And then, you would reply: Es (the day it is)

Real Life Application:
*holding up a day of the week sign*
P1: ¿Qué día es hoy?
P2: Es __(says what on the sign)__.
(We will do that seven times, for 7 days of the week)

Asking / Telling The Time In Español

In this post, we will be teaching readers how to ask for the time and tell the time in Spanish.
How to ask for the time:
¿Qué hora es?
¿Qué hora son?

How to reply:
- Es la una. - It's one o' clock.
- Son las (dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, doce) - It's (two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve) 'o clock.
- ...y cuarto - :15 (the reason for why they say this is because 15 is a quarter of 60) 
- ...y media - :30 
- ...menos ________. - Number of minutes before the hour
                           EXAMPLE: Son las dos menos cuarto - 2:45 (minus 15 minutes)
- Y (eee) goes before the number of minutes. It's like the word 'and' 

In the real life application video, my partners will ask what time it is and we will each reply. If you are having trouble with saying numbers then there will be a post on numbers coming out soon.