James, Kyler, Isaac. Tennessee Coal Ash Spill


1. "America's 10 worst man-made environmental disasters."Mother Nature Network. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/photos/americas-10-worst-man-made-environmental-disasters/tenness>.

This source summarizes the events that lead to the spill as well as the cleanup afterwards. It gives us pictures and facts that we can use in an infographic. It will help us identify the cause and effect of the situation.

2."Ash Slide at TVN Kingston Fossil Plant." Department of Environment and Conservation. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.tn.gov/environment/kingston/>.

This source is a primary response from the Tennessee State government about the disaster. It will help us single out the direct response for our infographic.


1.Dewan, Shaila. "Water Supplies Tested After Tennessee Spill." New York Times. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/24/us/24mud.html>.

This source explains the water testing procedures after the waste was spilled. The water department said the water was safe for drinking even though heavy amounts of waste were being emptied into water. They said it’s 30 times bigger than Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.

2.Ferrar, Rebecca. "Alexander, Duncan challenge TVA as hearing looms." Knox News. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2008/dec/31/senate-schedules-hearing-kingston-ash-spill/>.

This source explains how committee was scheduling a hearing on the tragedy, but represents how they use tragedies for their own political gain.


1. Schrope, Mark. "Methylmercury Levels Spiked After Tennessee Coal Ash Spill." http://cen.acs.org/. Chemical & Engineering News, 13 Jan 2013. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://cen.acs.org/articles/91/web/2013/01/Methylmercury-Levels-Spiked-Tennessee-Coal.html>.

This source is from a website dedicated to news about Chemical and Engineering issues all over the world. It is a .org which right off the bat makes me have more confidence in it’s accuracy. It talks about how in 2008 at a Tennessee power plant large amounts of coal ash spilled into two of Tennessee’s rivers. It talks about how bacteria covered in mercury was found in the water. The EPA conducted studies that looked for total amounts of mercury in the area, and found that less and less was found than was believed originally. They believed that the mercury found was from nuclear weapon processing in the 1900s.

2. Dewan, Shaila. "Tennessee Ash Flood Larger Than Initial Estimate." www.nytimes.com/. The New York Times, 26 Dec 2008. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/27/us/27sludge.html>.

This source is from one of the most widely trusted newspapers in the world The New York Times. It talks about the Tennessee coal ash flood and how it was much larger than people estimated. It says that 1.7 million cubic yards of wet coal ash spilled into a pond near Knoxville. Later they found that it was actually 5.4 million cubic yards that spilled into the pond. They tested the water and found excessive amounts of lead and thallium. They both can cause birth defects and disorders in the nervous and reproductive system. Obviously the water is not safe to drink. Apparently three houses were destroyed by a tide of the muddy water from the near the Emory River. Some authorities say the water is fine while most others disagree with that. Residents were nervous that the stuff spilled would start to solidify and move into the air.

3. Sims, Leslie. United States. Environmental Protection Agency. TVA Kingston Flyash Release . Harriman: , 2008. Web. <http://www.epaosc.org/site/site_profile.aspx?site_id=4642 >.

This source is the official EPA press release about the coal ash spill which occurred at the Kingston Fossil Fuel plant. This source provides the information about how much was released (5.4 million cubic yards). It doesn’t provide tons of information in terms of words describing it, but it talks about specific location, it even mentions the latitude and longitude. It also provides the reader with someone to email in case they want to more information or to volunteer to clean it up.

4. Tennessee Coal Ash Sludge Graphic. 2008. Graphic. www.nytimes.com, New York City. Web. 3 Apr 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2008/12/25/us/20081225_SLUDGE_GRAPHIC.html>.

This source is from the New York Times and it is a graphic showing how fly ash is produced and where along the ponds and rivers of Tennessee they expect the sludge to move to. This source provides a lot of visual information and it also adds words to put it all into perspective for the audience.

5. Hunt, Nicholas. "Roane County hoping reopening of Emory River will boost economy." Knoxnews[Knoxville] 02 June 2010, n. pag. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. <http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2010/jun/02/roane-county-hoping-reopening-emory-river-boost-ec/>.

This source is from a news source in Knoxville, Tennessee which was at the front of the coal ash spill. This source is from 2010 which is about 2 years after the spill, it talks about how the Emory River is almost completely cleaned up, and as a result of the cleanup this article mentions that locals believe that Roane County’s economy will thrive as a result of the river opening back up. It says that a month or so before the river was open for boat traffic, and will soon be open to people who want to swim in it.

6. Tennessee. Tennessee Valley Authority. Kingston Recovery. Knoxville: , 2011. Web. <http://www.tva.gov/kingston/index.htm>.

This source is from the Tennessee Valley Authority about the Kingston recovery. It shows how they have cleaned the river since 2008, and they also show what it looks like in 2011. This source’s purpose is more for showing people a then and now in terms of photos of the Emory River.