Link to our info-graphic
Source one-DePALMA, Anthony . "Love Canal Declared Clean, Ending Toxic Horror." New York Times. (2004): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/18/nyregion/love-canal-declared-clean-ending-toxic-horror.html>.
I chose this website because this website supplied great information about the love Canal and its environmental impact. From this website they’ve described the event by saying that it was such a large event during that time. According the research, I found that two decades after the Love canal became the first polluted site on the newly created Superfund list, federal officials announced yesterday that the neighborhood that epitomized environmental horror in the late 1970’s was clean enough to be taken off the list. This event was known to be the ending toxic horror as many people described it. This specific article was very useful to our research because in our paper we decided that it was most important to list as much information as we could about the downfalls of the Love Canal and it’s negative impact on this nation. That’s why I specifically chose this website to be my source in research.
Source two- Danis, Karen. "kenyon.edu ." The History of Superfund: Love Canal. N.p., 12 01 2001. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://biology.kenyon.edu/slonc/bio3/2001projects/Superfundkdanis/historylovecanal.html>.
I chose this website because this website also touched upon the actual history of the Love canal and what went on. This website was relevant to my research because I thought that it was very important to give enough information about the Canal’s history. Towards the end of this website it talked about the development of the Superfund Bill. The most important thing that I’ve gained from this part of my research was
Source three-BROOK, MARISA . "Damn Interesting ." THE TRAGEDY OF THE LOVE CANAL. The damn Interesting E-Book. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://www.damninteresting.com/the-tragedy-of-the-love-canal/>.
I chose this website because I thought that the information that was given on the website would be relevant to my paper. This website talked mainly about the tragedies that went on with the Love Canal. This website gave a lot of information about the history of what had happened during this time. The website also talked about the Love Canal neighborhood evacuation and also talked about William T. Love and his most perfect city in existence.
Cruz, Gilbert. "Love Canal - Top 10 Environmental Disasters - TIME."Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. N.p., 3 May 2010. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1986457_1986501_1986441,00.html>.
This source is useful because it tells us about “Love Canal”. The advantages to this site is it tells us what was “Love Canal”, what affects it had on the people in the environment around them and what the government did to solve this environmental hazard. The disadvantage to this is it explains it all in one paragraph. In other words, it generalizes the Love Canal. There is still enough information in this site that will answer the basic question... What is Love Canal?
"America's worst man-made environmental disasters: Love Canal | MNN - Mother Nature Network."Environmental News and Information | MNN - Mother Nature Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/photos/americas-10-worst-man-made-environmental-disasters/love-ca>.
This source is helpful because it gives more detailed information about Love Canal. It explains it in more than one paragraph, gives description what happened in the environment around while the toxic waste laid below the neighborhood, and what happened to the people exposed to the chemicals from the waste.
"What We Can Learn From Love Canal."EarthShare: One Environment. One Simple Way to Care for It.. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.earthshare.org/2013/01/lovecanal.html>.
This source is helpful because it gives a unique perspective of Love Canal. It goes to the perspective of an individual who experienced all of the toxic waste oozing through her home and her neighbors.
#1--Beck , Eckardt. "Love Canal Tragedy ." EPA . N.p., 15 February 2013. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.epa.gov/history/topics/lovecanal/01.html>.
This source is very helpful in talking about the high expectations of Love Canal, and how it drastically changed the environment forever. They do a really good job on talking about the series of events that happened to lead up to the final effects it had on both the environment, and people living near it.
There were miscarriages in women, birth defects in children, and people at a higher risk for leukemia. This site shows the cold hard facts which I think is great, and I will be using it frequently to refer back to in our infographic.
The information seems very reliable knowing that it is a .gov site, it’s documented from the EPA (US. Environmental Protection Agency). There are also no ads, which is always a good sign that the site is reliable.
#2-- Hertz, Joshua. "The Love Canal Disaster: An Error in Engineering or Public Policy?." OEC. National Academy of Sciences.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.onlineethics.org/cms/6534.asp&xgt;.
When taking a first look at this site without reading anything yet is really helpful find exactly what you want to research about, because the entire site is sectioned off with headers telling you about each paragraph. This is really easy if you are looking to research a particular aspect of the disaster.
There are about 2-4 paragraph within each section, which is nice because it’s not a book, but you are educated with a lot of information. The topics that are covered are the cost of the disaster, the historical background, process and what chemicals, and the governmental aspects.
I think this is a useful source because it’s organized and has a lot of great information. I also trust it a bit more because it’s a .org site.
#3-- Whalen, Robert. "Love Canal - Public Health Time Bomb."New York Department of Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.health.ny.gov/environmental/investigations/love_canal/lctimbmb.htm>.
I really like the brief summary of the love canal, I thought it was relevant and they didn’t drag it on. I also thought that the table at the bottom was helpful, because I haven’t seen anything with air samples. That was a really good experiment and idea to inform people about. I think that the site is very reliable and has great facts that we used in our infographic.
1. . N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <https://sites.google.com/site/lovecanalny/>.
2. Lester, Stephen . "Making a Bad Decision Worse – Reselling Homes at Love Canal." CHEJ. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://chej.org/tag/love-canal/>.
3. "30 years after Love Canal – schoolchildren are still at risk."Eideard. N.p., 22 Aug 2008. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://eideard.com/2008/08/22/30-years-after-love-canal-schoolchildren-are-still-at-risk/>.
Annotations of the Pictures
Adams, Dory . "In This Light: Abandoned Things: Love Canal, New York." In This Light. N.p., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 5 Apr. 2013. <http://www.doryadams.com/2010/04/abandoned-things-love-canal-new-york.html>.
Montanus, James . "Love Canal - an Environmental Disaster of Epic Proportions - and a great motorcycle ride!." Montanus Photography, LLC. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2013. <http://montanusphotography.com/rides/lovecanal/index2.htm>.
1. "America's 10 worst man-made environmental disasters."Mother Nature Network. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/photos/americas-10-worst-man-made-environmental-disasters/tenness>.
This source summarizes the events that lead to the spill as well as the cleanup afterwards. It gives us pictures and facts that we can use in an infographic. It will help us identify the cause and effect of the situation.
2."Ash Slide at TVN Kingston Fossil Plant." Department of Environment and Conservation. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.tn.gov/environment/kingston/>.
This source is a primary response from the Tennessee State government about the disaster. It will help us single out the direct response for our infographic.
1.Dewan, Shaila. "Water Supplies Tested After Tennessee Spill." New York Times. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/24/us/24mud.html>.
This source explains the water testing procedures after the waste was spilled. The water department said the water was safe for drinking even though heavy amounts of waste were being emptied into water. They said it’s 30 times bigger than Exxon Valdez Oil Spill.
2.Ferrar, Rebecca. "Alexander, Duncan challenge TVA as hearing looms." Knox News. (2008): n. page. Web. 22 Mar. 2013. <http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2008/dec/31/senate-schedules-hearing-kingston-ash-spill/>.
This source explains how committee was scheduling a hearing on the tragedy, but represents how they use tragedies for their own political gain.
1. Schrope, Mark. "Methylmercury Levels Spiked After Tennessee Coal Ash Spill." http://cen.acs.org/. Chemical & Engineering News, 13 Jan 2013. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://cen.acs.org/articles/91/web/2013/01/Methylmercury-Levels-Spiked-Tennessee-Coal.html>.
This source is from a website dedicated to news about Chemical and Engineering issues all over the world. It is a .org which right off the bat makes me have more confidence in it’s accuracy. It talks about how in 2008 at a Tennessee power plant large amounts of coal ash spilled into two of Tennessee’s rivers. It talks about how bacteria covered in mercury was found in the water. The EPA conducted studies that looked for total amounts of mercury in the area, and found that less and less was found than was believed originally. They believed that the mercury found was from nuclear weapon processing in the 1900s.
2. Dewan, Shaila. "Tennessee Ash Flood Larger Than Initial Estimate." www.nytimes.com/. The New York Times, 26 Dec 2008. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/27/us/27sludge.html>.
This source is from one of the most widely trusted newspapers in the world The New York Times. It talks about the Tennessee coal ash flood and how it was much larger than people estimated. It says that 1.7 million cubic yards of wet coal ash spilled into a pond near Knoxville. Later they found that it was actually 5.4 million cubic yards that spilled into the pond. They tested the water and found excessive amounts of lead and thallium. They both can cause birth defects and disorders in the nervous and reproductive system. Obviously the water is not safe to drink. Apparently three houses were destroyed by a tide of the muddy water from the near the Emory River. Some authorities say the water is fine while most others disagree with that. Residents were nervous that the stuff spilled would start to solidify and move into the air.
3. Sims, Leslie. United States. Environmental Protection Agency. TVA Kingston Flyash Release . Harriman: , 2008. Web. <http://www.epaosc.org/site/site_profile.aspx?site_id=4642 >.
This source is the official EPA press release about the coal ash spill which occurred at the Kingston Fossil Fuel plant. This source provides the information about how much was released (5.4 million cubic yards). It doesn’t provide tons of information in terms of words describing it, but it talks about specific location, it even mentions the latitude and longitude. It also provides the reader with someone to email in case they want to more information or to volunteer to clean it up.
4. Tennessee Coal Ash Sludge Graphic. 2008. Graphic. www.nytimes.com, New York City. Web. 3 Apr 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2008/12/25/us/20081225_SLUDGE_GRAPHIC.html>.
This source is from the New York Times and it is a graphic showing how fly ash is produced and where along the ponds and rivers of Tennessee they expect the sludge to move to. This source provides a lot of visual information and it also adds words to put it all into perspective for the audience.
5. Hunt, Nicholas. "Roane County hoping reopening of Emory River will boost economy." Knoxnews[Knoxville] 02 June 2010, n. pag. Web. 4 Apr. 2013. <http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2010/jun/02/roane-county-hoping-reopening-emory-river-boost-ec/>.
This source is from a news source in Knoxville, Tennessee which was at the front of the coal ash spill. This source is from 2010 which is about 2 years after the spill, it talks about how the Emory River is almost completely cleaned up, and as a result of the cleanup this article mentions that locals believe that Roane County’s economy will thrive as a result of the river opening back up. It says that a month or so before the river was open for boat traffic, and will soon be open to people who want to swim in it.
6. Tennessee. Tennessee Valley Authority. Kingston Recovery. Knoxville: , 2011. Web. <http://www.tva.gov/kingston/index.htm>.
This source is from the Tennessee Valley Authority about the Kingston recovery. It shows how they have cleaned the river since 2008, and they also show what it looks like in 2011. This source’s purpose is more for showing people a then and now in terms of photos of the Emory River.
Jessica Maiorano, Keith Moody, Taylor Thomas.
This infographic is about the Pacific Garbage Patch. We wanted to provide facts and illustrations to get our information across to viewers . We used lots of picture to show the effects on Animals and humans from the pacific garbage patch. Our main goal was to get the point across about how important the Pacific Garbage Patch is and how bad it effects the environment. We want to make more people aware and realize that this needs to be cleaned up and people should not litter.
"Great Pacific Garbage Patch." National Geographic. n. page. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/?ar_a=1>.
This explains how the patch starting through environmental means. It shows how the patch started and what its effects are. The article is about how it started, where it came from, and where it goes and how.
The National Geographic is a well known, notable, effective source that has been putting environmental information out for a while. Their goal is to just report unbiased news.
It gives the barebones of what happens and it elaborates on that, but I’d use that to further my research.
Kostigen, Thomas. "The World's Largest Dump: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch." Discover Magazine. n. page. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/10-the-worlds-largest-dump
This is a person’s opinion on the garbage patch and how it effects their life. It’s basically a biased article because it’s a person’s opinion. But it shows how the patch effects human and marine life.
This is a part of the discovery magazine, so their information has to be true or at least legit.
"Lies You've Been Told About the Pacific Garbage Patch." io9 - We come from the future.. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013. <http://io9.com/5911969/lies-youve-been-told-about-the-pacific-garbage-patch>.
-This source is about The Pacific Garbage Patch and the different interpretations people had from it and about it. When the Pacific Garbage Patch came about many myths as well as facts. This is an very good site because it provides examples of different myths that came up when people talked about the Pacific Garbage Patch, these were all common misconceptions.
The Site gives examples and tells why people thought these things and how they were wrong. This site is organized very well and provides pictures and very straight to the point descriptions. Everything makes since so I feel I can trust the site to get information from it.
At the bottom there is a space provided for people to make comments and it is interesting to see what others have to say. This site is very easy to use and I would recommend it to others trying to
Cooney, Katherine. "The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Poses New Threat to Marine Life | TIME.com." NewsFeed | Breaking news and updates from Time.com. News pictures, video, Twitter trends. | TIME.com. N.p., n.. d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013<http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/05/11/the-great-pacific-garbage-patch-poses-new-threat-to-marine-life/>
- This site provides readers with the who, when, where and why to the Pacific Garbage Patch. It is very credible because it is from The Times News Feed. This is a good site because it has really good descriptions and helps you to visualize the Pacific Garbage Patch if you dont already know about it. Readers are able to learn something new within every sentence .
"How the oceans can clean themselves: Boyan Slat at TEDxDelft - YouTube."YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ROW9F-c0kIQ>.
This is Ted Talk about the Pacific Garbage Patch. This video was very useful because the person offered us a lot of facts. It was also very hard to find someone who cared about the Pacific Garbage Patch so this was very interesting. It is very credible because it is a TED talk and I know that they only let reliable people speak on topics. The video was very interesting and easy to understand. We were able to pull out at least 5 facts from this video.
"De-mystifying the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch"" Marine Debris Program. N.p., 19 July 2012. Web. 01 Apr. 2013. <http://marinedebris.noaa.gov/info/patch.html>
- This site is a good source because it gives a wonderful description of the Pacific Garbage Patch. The cover the very basics, they give you the very definition of the Pacific Garbage Patch and then they talk about even where they are located. The website really goes into depth with the explanations and the entire article is very easy to understand.
About the Oil Spill:
The Deep Horizon Oil rig was a platform designed to extract oil from deep sea regions at 35,000 feet. On April 20, 2010, the wellhead head blew out extracting 70,000 barrels of crude oil a day from the well. The immediate consequence of the blowout was the death of 11 BP workers in which BP was later convicted of manslaughter in a case that also brought regulation, heavy fines and clean up cost.
Each institution both public and private reacted differently to the BP oil spill. Public institutions created more regulations to make sure that a disasters like this wouldn't happen again. For example cement that was test by BP to be bad cement was put on the well to cap and it failed and made the situation worse. In addition to that the federal government made BP pay $1.5 billion in penalties for failing to regulate themselves and were forced to pay for the losses of damaged communities. The EPA was in charge of cleaning up the oil spill, maintain wildlife, and continue constant environmental testing until everything was self sustaining.
Private institutions like BP have used the is opportunity to boost their image. For example BP committed $4 billion over the next 10 years to help suffering communities and wildlife. Than they create ads to make them look better there for creating a better image for the company but while helping the community and the environment via monetary policy.
Infographic Design Tips:
Be concise: We will talk about on topic and keep it short and simple with appropriately sized words.
Be visual: We will have pictures and charts to portray the amount of money used throughout the whole environmental disaster.
Be smarter: We will be smart about presenting our information and make sure that we have every key component in our presentation.
Be transparent: We will present our information and be very brief because we do not want to confuse our viewers. We want to get the project on a flow and show viewers that this topic is very straightforward.
Be different: I are making a money timeline that will take the viewers on a growing bard of money that has been spent and state why it is important to emphasize this.
Be accurate: We have collected a lot of information from different sources: videos, websites, newspapers, etc.
Be attractive: We will be short and concise with our presentation and will not show anything that is not needed or relevant.
Be varied: We will have a wide variety of how the company and the govern has spent money on the environmental disaster.
Be gracious: We will keep the presentation very formal and easy to understand with many pictures to bring the viewer on a virtual tour.
- Be creative: We are going to include many pictures so the viewers can visually experience the oil spill’s impact on the environment. Money timeline...not seen very often.
Richard, Michael. "BP Gulf Oil Spill Cheat Sheet: A Timeline of Unfortunate Events."TreeHugger. MNN HOLDINGS,
05 May 2010. Web. 01 Apr. 2013.
In this source, the writer talks about how the BP Oil Spill occurred and the different hazards that it offered to the Gulf of Mexico. The writer goes on to tell the the story through different articles and showed how the public reacted to the oil spill and how BP tried to calm the situation down by assuming the role of an environmentally friendly company.
The writer did this in a time line format which was very helpful because everything was in order and well kept. This source also provided a lot of environmental detail in the different writings about the many events that happened during the mishap. The objective of this source was to show the readers the huge environmental impact that BP tried to play off.
This information fits into the research because it shows the different goals to fix the environment and that not all of the solutions worked out correctly. This also has a good view of both the governmental reaction and the public’s reaction to the situation.
Bp Gulf Oil Spill. Huffington Post, n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.
These sources show the governmental and funding impact to fix up the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The point of this article is to show the economic reaction and recovery of the spill where as other sources would have compared the reactions of other topics. This source also showed the changes for how BP approached the recovery of the animals and waters that the oil was in.
This was a useful source because I saw that there was a huge change in how the company operated and how the everything was all about keeping the face of the company positive. This was a reliable source because it is from a well known newspaper publisher and there are many contributing authors.
This source helped tell the story of the disaster because it shows how far a company will go to kee the face of the company and how far they will go with fixing everything.
United States. The White House. Washington DC: , 2013. Web<http://m.whitehouse.gov/deepwater-bp-oil-spill>.
This mainly showed the government response to the the oil spill and how they will supposedly “fix the situation.” There response includes lots of money being poured in from the federal government to the state and local governments. It also included some investigations into the causes of the disaster and the repercussions of the disaster. It also included details of the rescue of the workers on the oil rig by the US Coast Guard in which 126 people were saved.
This source was useful because it described responses by the government during and after the disaster. It also describes what each agency or a branch from a certain agency had did specifically to contain the spill and help the people who lived in the gulf area.
The information fits the research because it describes different responses by different section s of the federal government during and after the oil spill.
British Petroleum, . "Gulf of Mexico Restoration." (2013):
This source shows BP’s response to the oil spill after they capped the well. They say they’re committed to helping the communities hurt by the oil spill and will give $4 billion to the next ten years. They also have a couple billion dollars set aside for claims by people who have damaged property, harsh living conditions, etc. They’re also doing research into the environmental impact and have done an internal investigation in which they’ve added 26 preventative measures to make sure a disaster like this doesn't happen again.
This source was useful because it depicts what the company is doing to try to fix the situation and make sure it won’t happen again. It’s also good to see what BP is doing to try to restructure their image as a company since they’re responsible for one of the worst disasters in history.
The information fits the research since it describes what the company is doing in response to the disaster.
Burton, LeVar, perf. Jack, the Seal and the Sea. Film. 22 Mar 2013.
This episode of reading rainbow argues that the oil spill is a result of human irresponsibility. This is an episode of the popular kid’s show reading rainbow. This source tells us something about how the public reacted to the oil spill. It also has a lot of content about how our culture reacted to the oil spill.
Barley, Shanter. "Exxon Valdez Laid to Rest." Scientific American. Scientific American. Web. 22
This article makes the argument that the oil spill is over, and all of the damage has been repaired. This article talks about some of the data from the oil spill when it started and the data now. It summarizes how we deal with things like this as a society
"Office of Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (EVOS) Damage Assessment and Restoration." NOAA
Fisheries. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service is an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://alaskafisheries.noaa.gov/oil/default.htm>.
This website is separated by environmental, economic, how it happens and how they are fixing it. The first paragraphs is a short summary of what happen, when it occurred, how much oil spilled and how far it want. They also talk about how now there isn’t much left, but that there is still spots that is still being affected by the curle oil.
"Oil Spill Facts." Exxon Valdez oil spill. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Web. 22 Mar
This weblink has nine different links that takes you to either to see photos, Q and A, a map to where it took place at and so on. It had dip information of what really happen “The Exxon Valdez departed from the Trans Alaska Pipeline terminal at 9:12 pm March 23, 1989. William Murphy, an expert ship's pilot hired to maneuver the 986-foot vessel through the Valdez Narrows, was in control of the wheelhouse. At his side was the captain of the vessel, Joe Hazelwood. Helmsman Harry Claar was steering.”. It also has information of how much oil was spilled. It has pictures that show what was affected by the oil spill, how the ocean looked like and the animals covered in the curle oil. A big article that explains the details of the spill. They also have the plan that they had to how to prevent another spill and what they did to recover from this.
"Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989)." News. New York Times, 3 Aug. 2010. Web. 29 Mar. 2013.
In this article it talks about the basics of the Oil Spill. What it was called, when it occurred, where it was located, and the background information and knowledge needed to be informed of this Valdez Oil Spill. It talks about at the time of the occurrence that it was the worst spill that happened in America during that time. There were so many birds and marine animals that were killed over the 1300 miles the spill has affected. Since the spill had expanded to 1300 miles, it really damaged the fish industry of sorts. The government has really put a lot of money to the process of repair. The Federal Court was still giving money in 2006, when they reduced the amount given, then later reduced it more. There has been way too much money given for repair and recovery. Although this accident was extremely bad, it help create GOOD organizations about the earth and the environment and really make more people aware from then to now. This article is really information of the different things that came out of the horrific oil spill whether good or bad and what came upon it.
Times, Richard Mauer, Special To The New York. "Unlicensed Mate Was in Charge Of Ship That Hit Reef, Exxon Says." The New York Times. The New York Times, 27 Mar. 1989. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/1989/03/27/us/unlicensed-mate-was-in-charge-of-ship-that-hit-reef-exxon-says.html?ref=exxonvaldezoilspill1989>.
In this article it explains more in depth of what happened the day, and really moment of this tragedy. It talks about that the person in charge, was not originally suppose to be in charge. Whether it would have mattered or not we will never know. The oil spill could have happened either way, it was just one’s man luck or another. The person who happened to be there was not licensed by the Coast Guard to pilot a tanker, which means he is being charged with Federal regulations.
"Arctic animals need your help by March 30!." the wilderness society. 1615 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20036 . Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://wilderness.org/blog/arctic-animals-need-your-help-march-30>.
Bluestein, Greg. "Gulf oil spill now bigger than Exxon Valdez disaster." . © The Christian Science Monitor., 27 may 2010. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.csmonitor.com/From-the-news-wires/2010/0527/Gulf-oil-spill-now-bigger-than-Exxon-Valdez-disaster>.
"Exxon Valdez 20 years on - Still killing wildife." . wildlife extra. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.wildlifeextra.com/go/news/exxon-valdez.html
koo, Zena. "The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill." Slate. 2010 Washington Post.Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://todayspictures.slate.com/20100324/>.
Welcome to the Great Depression. Home of failed banking, A Giant Dust Bowl and a plummeting stock market.
In this picture: All three of those major events were represented. You can see empty bank vaults, A giant bowl of dust, and a stock market crumbling.
These are some of the main causes of the Great Depression.
Welcome to the Great Recession. Where bankers, who are blinded by greed, make poor decisions and eventually affected all of the world.
In this picture: You can see an upside-down House which represents the the decreased cost in Houses. Then there is the bomb between the C.D.O's which show the risk and eventual explosion (the bad one) of the housing market.
The Great Depression - Side Effects will include:
Decrease in consumer confidence.
Disappearance of the middle class.
Massive increase in homeless people.
Massive increase in unemployment rate.
The Great Recession - Side Effects will include:
Decrease in consumer confidence.
Decrease in house costs.
Increase in unemployment rate.
Increase in uncomfortable way of life.
F.D.R. 's New Deal.
In this picture:
You can see two houses that are split by a river or moving body of water. On the right it's city that's represented by a house. On the left is a house that represents the countless amounts of homes without electricity in more rural area. This moving body of water is generating electricity. Notice how The houses are clean and are easy on the eyes. In F.D.R's new deal, he focuses on making the way of life better for everyone in the United States. Painting Murals, providing AID to states and creating jobs.
Obama's Stimulus Plan / Recovery Act
In this picture:
You can see the word "Tax" being cut. This represents what the Stimulus Package Did. It cut a lot of taxes for the middle class. The Words unemployment benefit speaks for itself. Then there was the educational aspect of the package. It provided a lot of school districts around the country money to help keep the educational program strong. This is represented by the "modern high school" in the very center of the paper. It looks as though it's being constructed.
The New Deal came in three parts:
Relief, Recovery, Reform.
Relief comes in the form of short term acts that, more of less, poured water on the burn area. It alleviated the suffering of most people in the country. Things like the Tennessee Water Act fall under this category.
Recovery comes in the form of long term acts that, more of less, put a bandaid on the burn area. IT protected and strengthened the economy. Things like the National Industrial Recovery Act fall under this category.
Reform comes in the form of prevention acts, that more or less, put a huge bubble on the whole person. It protected the economy from future great depressions. The emergency banking act falls under this category.
Obama's Stimulus Plan:
The primary object of this plan was to save and create jobs immediately. This protected businesses.
The secondary object of this plan was to provide temporary relief to those who were hit the hardest by the recession, then invest in things like infrastructure, education, health, clean energy, federal tax incentives and unemployment benefits.
The New Deal was huge compared to the stimulus. It covered more areas and focused on better the way of life for citizens in America. The stimulus only focused on protecting and creating jobs. Then again, there's only so much you can do when reforms from 60+ years ago still hold strong. The New Deal also had a more direct effect on the economy. Change was noticeable. The stimulus is a more subtle change. There is also one key difference between the two. The New Deal focused on rebuilding the middle class while the stimulus focused on keeping the middle class afloat.
The Success and Failures:
The New Deal succeeded in many ways. First, it did prevent another depressions with it's fail safes. Second, some of the reforms are still helping people today, especially those getting their electricity from dams. The creation of government jobs still hold to this day.
The Stimulus is on going. However, from what's been going on, it seems like it's succeeding. Just today, the unemployment rate dropped to 7.7 percent. We predict that it will succeed in the future and strengthen America's Economy. One thing to notice: This stimulus seems resemble the New Deal in terms of the Recovery part. It doesn't seem to have any sections to prevent future recessions however.
The New Deal = For the people.
The Stimulus = For the wallets.
Blinder, Alan, and Mark Zandi. "How the Great Recession was Brought to an End." How the Great Recession was Brought to an End. economy.com, 27 Jul 2010. Web. 28 Feb 2013. <http://www.economy.com/mark-zandi/documents/end-of-great-recession.pdf>.
Summary: This source starts with a very long and detailed explanation with how the Great Recession ended. After going into the explanation with words it moves into a chart that shows what kind of things got cut out and how much it saved. then it moves it into, again with words, what that means for the american people. And continuous with more graphs, charts and then explanation.
Assess: From what I wanted over this source has a lot of different things. It is not broken down in the best way still its detailed. Giving a good mix of different information without being too messy. It has a lot of analysis and charts with many different things to work with for this project.
Reflect: This source has a lot of things that we can use to make this project really interesting and gives many different points. It is something that we can trust even though it is not an edu it has a lot of really good work with two pages of citations. Overall I think that its a good place to get information.
Krugman, Raul. "Responding to Recession." New York Times. OP-ED COLUMNIST, 14 January 2008. Web. 28 Feb 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/14/opinion/14krugman.html?_r=0>. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/14/opinion/14krugman.html?_r=0
Summary: This source is much shorter than the first one that I found how it still explains the way things were worked through and gives a little bit more of a basic understanding of how things happen. It is clear and well organized.
Assess: From what I wanted over this source has many things that we can use and work off of. It detailed and broken down well. I think this will be one of the things that we use to start the project off with.
Reflect: This source has a lot of things that we can use to make this project really interesting and gives many different points. It is something that we can trust even though it is not an edu it has a lot of really good work and its on the New York Times website so it can be trusted. Overall I think that its a good place to get information and it will be helpful to the project.
3. "The Great Recession of 2008-09: Year In Review 2009 (recession) : The U.S. Response." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1661642/The-Great-Recession-of-2008-09-Year-In-Review-2009/286636/The-US-Response>.
- This article covers the Obama’s administration response to the recession. It explains how President Obama pushed out a 787 billion dollar stimulus plan into the economy. It also talks about how the democrats and republicans argued over which way was the best way to go about saving the economy. It also talks about other smaller plans that were enacted.
- This source is a primary source and is written by Britannica. It goes into detail about the problem at hand. There doesn’t seem to be an argument so it is unbiased. It gives a good mix of information on the topic at hand, however, it seems to focus a lot on the actions President Obama took.
- This source is mostly unbiased which makes it a good resource for taking a sides simply because it doesn’t take a side. We get both sides of the story which allows us to pick a side without being persuaded by the author. It really doesn’t help shape the argument, instead it helps pick an argument.
4. "Center on Budget and Policy Priorities." N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2013. <http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3108>.
- Summarize: This source contains a lot of organized data and breaks down each state tax change during the recession. It specifically focuses on the tax changes during the 2008-2009 time period. It then breaks down each tax change into different categories. Then breaks down each category by going into detail.
- Assess: It goes into great detail on every little bit of tax reform that happened in 2008 and 2009. It’s clear concise and straight to the point. There doesn’t seem to be any opinions listed, it’s just stating straight facts or what we believe to be facts. There are also plenty of graphs and charts to keep things more organized.
- Reflect: This source is helpful in a variety of ways. I goes into little details which make everything easier to understand. Also, it goes into detail about what each individual state did, making it even better. Now we have information on both the federal governments and state governments reaction to the crisis.
- Wiegand, Steve. N.p.. Web. 24 Feb 2013. <http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/franklin-delano-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal.html>.
- Basically, the author decided to break down parts of the New Deal made by Franklin D. Roosevelt. It literally breaks down every part of the Deal and explains its significance in the economy.
- So far this source is the best source is the best source in our bibliography. this source really just breaks it down and keeps it simple. Everything is just there. You don’t have to go searching for the information because it’s right there in your face.
- This source, I think, covered everything that we need to cover. It’s seems to be un-opinionated and keeps to the facts. This is perfect for our project because we can narrow down to a specific part and we don’t have to do a lot of searching for the information. The benefits of summaries. The only problem is, it’s missing little details and examples, but that’s perfectly fine for now. The other sources should cover the little details.
- . N.p.. Web. 24 Feb 2013. <http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/franklin-delano-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal.html>.
- Summary: This website takes what the dummies website did and breaks it down. It also includes a timeline and keep everything organized into specific pages. There aren’t any arguments, just straight facts and some analysis.
- This source is basically just the dummies source but broken down even more. Which is good. We can use this type of information to cross check other sources and keep everything in line. It’s really nice because it gives a convenient timeline to keep everything organized. Although it’s not quite as straightforward as dummies.
- Like I said before, this source has a lot of things that dummies has. However, it breaks everything thing and goes into some detail. So if we go in order, for a brief summer of stuff, dummies is the way to go. Want some more detail? This website should help a bunch. It also verifies everything that dummies said making them both valid.
- . "The Great Depression and New Deal, 1929-1940s."Welcome to HIST 1302 Online. Welcome to HIST 1302 Online. Web. 22 Feb 2013. <http://iws.collin.edu/kwilkison/Online1302home/20th Century/DepressionNewDeal.html>.
- Summary: This source takes you first though the background and some of the causes of the Great Depression with both words and charts. After that it goes into the government response of both Hoover and Roosevelt and tells the differences. After this it kind of side tracks before going into the new deal by tell Keynes’, an english economist, theory. Now it tells us about the first and second new deal.
- Assess: From what I wanted over this source a longer more in depth explanation over everything that we have gone over in class and the new deal. Giving a good mix of different other sources within it. It give ads, charts, photos, quotes and then seconder analysis.
- Reflect: This source has a lot of things that we can use to make this project really interesting and gives many different news of things so that it will not be a one sided project. It is something that we can trust because its used for a college course and its on an edu website. Overall I think that its a pretty great place to get information.
- Hardman, John. "The Great Depression and the New Deal." Ethics of Development in a global environment. Stanford, 26 Jul 1999. Web. 24 Feb 2013. <http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297c/poverty_prejudice/soc_sec/hgreat.htm>.
- Summary: This source starts of talking about Roosevelt's address to the american public and then works its way into the Great Depression giving a summary and then breaks off into the impact of the great depression. Without taking too much time it move into the New Deal and then after that the things that were affected by it like unemployment, agriculture, and then African-Americans and how they were affected by both the depression and new deal.
- Assess: From what I wanted over this source a longer more broken down but still detailed with every thing that we want over in class and with the points on the new deal. Giving a good mix of different information without being messy. With a few chats and seconder analysis.
- Reflect: This source has a lot of things that we can use to make this project really interesting and gives many different points and is well broken down so that will be good for us project. It is something that we can trust because its used for a college course and its on an edu website. Overall I think that its a good place to get information.