For my Capstone, I choose to focus on social media marketing specifically for YouTube channels. Before starting, I had a YouTube channel I had created years ago where I uploaded art and filmmaking tutorials. This original channel had an unprofessional name and inconsistent branding. The channel had also become jumbled by making videos about both filmmaking and visual arts. Instead of continuously making new videos each week as I have done for years, I took a break in uploading to create a new channel to put the filmmaking tutorials on. I named the new channel Amity Filmmaking. Amity means friendly relations, and I choose this word after seeing so many filmmaking tutorials that do not keep audience in mind by not explaining terms for beginners or being almost an hour long for something that takes minutes to do. I wanted to make my channel a student centered educational resource instead of just showing what I could do. In the process, I learned a completely new application, Adobe Illustrator in order to make my own professional logo, channel art, and thumbnails. I also learned it is okay to take time to make the videos I want instead of just uploading often, since my subscriber numbers on my original channel continued to grow even though I had not uploaded a video in months. It was better to build a professional channel and launch new videos when ready than rush to upload frequently.
Two slices of bread
Two pieces of cheese
¼ cup milk
Crack two eggs into a bowl and scramble until all of the egg is one color.
Mix milk into the eggs.
Heat a flat pan and melt a piece of margarine in the pan to coat the bottom.
Place a piece of bread into the bowl so one side is completely covered in egg. Then flip, and sprinkle cinnamon on top.
Lift bread out of bowl. Take bread out before it can get very soggy and start falling apart.
Put the slice of bread into the pan cinnamon side down. Then, sprinkle cinnamon over the other side.
Flip the bread once the side that is faced down no longer looks like raw egg.
Once other side is cooked, place the slice onto a plate.
Put one piece of cheese in the corner of the slice of bread. Then, rip the other slice of cheese in areas of the top of the bread the first piece of cheese did not cover.
Coat the second slice of bread in the remaining egg and cook like the first one.
Place the second slice on top of the cheese.
Let the sandwich cool for a moment, and then cut it in half if you desire.
50% of the ingredients in this recipe are processed food while the rest is whole food. Eggs are a whole food since they come directly from chickens with little done to them except cleaning and packaging. Cinnamon, type of tree bark that is just grated, is another whole food. Milk is almost a whole food, except it is pasteurized and sometimes has added vitamins. Meanwhile, bread, margarine, and cheese are highly processed. It is possible to get cheese that is more of a whole food, but I tend to use cheese from Kraft.
This meal is unhealthy to eat everyday. Margarine almost only has fat, which is not healthy. Eating eggs too often causes high cholesterol, but it is a good source of protein, which the body does need. Cheese has calcium, but Kraft has added dyes and other unnatural ingredients. Arnold Whole Grain Oat Nut bread, which I use, gives protein, fiber, and whole grains, but also has added vitamins. Added vitamins are not as good as eating naturally occurring vitamins.
This meal is inexpensive. A dozen eggs, gallon of milk, jar of cinnamon, package of cheese, and box of margarine cost a few dollars each, and of each ingredient, only cents’ worth is being used. This meal only costs $1-2 approximately. This is about the same price as a burger on a fast food value menu, but with more whole grains than the rolls used in fast food. Both still are cooked with fat though.
The science of my topic surrounds a part of the brain called the corpus callosum. The corpus callosum is a set of nerve fibers located between the two hemispheres of the brain and allows the two halves of the brain to communicate with each other. In 1939, the chief surgeon at the University of Rochester Medical Center, William Van Wagenen, performed a surgery on ten patients which cut their corpus callosum in hopes of treating epilepsy. He thought this would work after seeing an epilepsy patient stop having seizures after a cancerous tumor destroyed their corpus callosum. This surgery resulted in an obvious reduction in seizures in seven of the ten patients.
Through split brain patients and experiments done by other surgeons, much has been learned about what happens when the two sides of the brain cannot communicate with each other after developing with a functioning corpus callosum. Roger Sperry ran an experiment on split brain cats where he covered one eye of the cat while teaching them the difference between two shapes. When the eye was uncovered and the other eye was then blindfolded, the cats could no longer tell the difference between the shapes without relearning. This shows how in split brains, each side of the body works independently. Each hemisphere of the brain only controls half the body. The right hemisphere controls the left side of the body while the left hemisphere controls the right.
Sperry later worked with human subjects with the help of Michael Gazzaniga and Joseph Bogen. They performed a split brain surgery on William Jenkins, a WWII veteran that suffered from seizures, in 1962. After the surgery, they ran experiments on Jenkins. In one, a dot was in the center of a screen while another picture was shown to the left or right. If the photo was to the right, Jenkins said he saw it, but if it was on the left, he claimed to see nothing. When asked to point to the object on either side, he could. This showed only one side of the brain could communicate information through words in split brains. In addition, Gazzaniga found by working with a patient referred to as P.S. that the left brain made excuses for mistakes made by the right brain pointing to a photo when it would not make sense to instead of saying they did not know why they were pointing.
In another experiment, Jenkins had to arrange blocks with one hand. The right side of the brain is good with motor skills, and his left hand was, therefore, able to arrange blocks easily. Meanwhile, his right hand not only struggled, but his left hand would start helping subconsciously. The sides of the brain can disagree in split brain patients or get in the way of each other. For example, Jenkin’s left hand would undo what his right did when allowed to use both hands. This work won Gazzaniga and Sperry a Nobel Prize in 1981.
This is important to society because it challenges ideas of individualism and self. If the two halves of the brain can work separately, it questions whether a person can be one or two conscious beings in one body. One way the theory of two beings in one body is being tested is through the current research of Michael Miller. In his experiments, the split brain patient is told a character trait while the word “me” is on one side of a screen and “not me” on the other side to the left and right. Then, they must point to the screen when a word corresponding to how they were told they are appears. If each hand points to opposing words, that proves each hemisphere in split brains can have its own unique emotional state. However, this research is ongoing. Split brains also build on Sigmund Freud’s idea that psychologically, humans have three parts fighting within them (the ego, the super-ego, and the ID). Multiple personalities in one body can also be seen in stories, such as Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, or an angel on one shoulder and a devil on the other.
As far as myself, I was drawn to this topic after watching a YouTube video, and I am a YouTuber. I also like being able to debate things that have no clear answer, like split brains being either one person still or two beings. I think it would be cool to imagine two beings in the brain, but that also makes little sense. I have been raised with the idea people can change over time, and we are multiple people over the course of a lifetime, but not two people at any one time. I suggest people stay open to any possibilities science can later present, but not worry about split brains too much right now.
I do not think the original video I watched was reliable since CGP Grey does not list their sources or even give their own name. However, I was able to find my own reliable sources to backup the video. The Nobel Prize’s website talks about split brains since Gazzaniga and Sperry shared a Nobel Prize. I was also able to find a large amount of information from an article published in The Atlantic. I found information on Sigmund Freud’s theory on a site written by a college professor of psychology. I learned more about Wagenen from The Society of Neurological Surgeons. While I found this topic from a questionable source, I was able to verify the science of split brains with trustworthy websites.
The Split Brain Experiments. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2016, from https://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/split-brain/background.html
Smith, E. E. (n.d.). One Head, Two Brains. Retrieved December 17, 2016, from http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/07/split-brain-research-sperry-gazzaniga/399290/
William P. Van Wagenen, MD. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2016, from https://www.societyns.org/society/bio.aspx?MemberID=99178
McLeod, S. (n.d.). Id, Ego and Superego. Retrieved December 17, 2016, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/psyche.html
You Are Two. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wfYbgdo8e-8
Is Who Someone Marries their Parent’s Choice?
Comparing “Taming the Shrew” to “Monster in Law”
Shakespeare's play “Taming of the Shrew” shows that parents have played a major role in the arrangements of their children's marriages for hundreds of years. In “Taming of the Shrew,” Baptista takes control of the courtship between his two daughters and men, and considers it a responsibility to find each a husband who is a good match for them. In the 2005 movie “Monster in Law,” a parent feels a similar responsibility over their child’s wedding, except in the movie, it is the mother, Viola, who wishes to break an engagement between her son and a woman she sees as an unfit match.
While Baptista and Viola both share the desire to make sure their children marry good people for them, the level of control they have varies. Baptista is able to choose which men his daughters can even meet, and completely manipulate the match from meeting, to engagement, to wedding. Meanwhile, Viola does not even find out about her son’s fiancee, Charlie, until the same day her son, Kevin, proposes. Baptista takes action before his daughters are engaged while Viola is not able to influence her son’s decision until after the proposal. These two texts reflect that while parents no longer believe that they have control over who their children meet, propose to, and marry, they still consider it their responsibility to ensure their children make what they believe to be good matches.
“That like a father you will deal with him and pass my daughter a sufficient dower, the match is made, and all is done. Your son shall have my daughter with consent.”
(Act 4, Scene 4, lines 45-48)
Here, Baptista is discussing a marriage contract with a merchant pretending to be the father of a man pretending to be Lucentio. Lucentio wishes to marry Baptista’s younger daughter, Bianca. Baptista is willing to allow the marriage because he believes the dowry this (supposed) father and son can offer to his daughter will make the other man’s son a good match for Baptista’s daughter. Baptista would not knowingly allow his daughter to be betrothed without making a good deal on a dowry. Notice that Baptista says this in a way that implies it is the other father’s responsibility to provide his son with a “sufficient dower” in order to marry.
Viola also sees economic reasons as a critical factor in whether Charlie is a good match for her son Kevin, but Charlie and Kevin are already engaged.
In this scene from “Monster in Law,” Viola complains about Charlie to Viola’s friend Ruby. Viola states, “My son the brilliant surgeon is gonna marry a temp.” Then, after some screaming and going to upstairs to lie down, Viola complains, “She is going to destroy him. It is so clear. She’s got no money, no career goals. She was just waiting for a rich innocent to step right into her path.” Viola does not see Charlie as a good match for Kevin because while he makes a significant amount of money from a successful job, Charlie is at a lower class part time job. Viola even assumes Charlie is partly marrying Kevin because he is wealthier than Charlie.
In order for Kevin to have become a surgeon, Viola must allow Kevin to live independently. Kevin would not have been able to study to be a surgeon and then work at a hospital without being able to make large choices without his mother. This is very different from the lifestyle of Baptista’s daughters, who cannot travel somewhere or meet with people without their father knowing, even though they are adults. By giving adult children the freedom to leave home and have careers, parents have given up the right to control who their children meet like in the times of Shakespeare. This allowed Kevin to meet and date Charlie without his mother knowing or approving. However, parents such as Viola still consider it as a part of parenting to make sure their children make good long term choices in life, such as picking an appropriate person to marry. This belief causes Viola to interfere with the wedding, but not ban the marriage altogether.
“Your father hath consented that you shall be my wife, your dowry ‘greed on, and will you, nill you, I will marry you.”
(Act 2, Scene 1, lines 284-286)
In this quote, Petruchio is speaking to Baptista’s daughter, Katherine, after making a deal with her father that Petruchio can marry Katherine if he has her love, and negotiating a dowry. Petruchio fakes the love, but honors the rest of the deal with Baptista before marrying Katherine. Petruchio is so confident on the deal he made with Baptista that he tells Katherine he will marry her whether she likes it or not. This eliminates Katherine from making decisions over her own marriage.
Similarly, Charlie makes a deal with Viola before the wedding, but not over a dowry.
Charlie is about to call off the wedding when Viola convinces Charlie to speak to her alone. Viola tells Charlie, “Don’t blow your chance for happiness. You’ve never needed my approval. He’s loved you from the very beginning. And I promise I will get out of the way and let the two of you be happy."
“That’s not what I want. I mean, there just has to be some boundaries, Viola,” Charlie replies.
“I can do boundaries! I don’t love boundaries but I can do them,” Viola says,
“How about the number of times you call Kevin a day? Can we limit that, to, like, one,” Charlie asks.
“Oh, I need at least four minimum,” Viola counters.
“He’s 35 years old.”
“Deal,” Viola settles.
In this deal, the genders are switched. Instead of the father negotiating with the groom, the mother negotiates with the bride. Also, Viola is now persuading Charlie to marry Kevin due to Charlie giving up, instead of being a future spouse persuading a parent. The deal is over how much Viola will influence Charlie and Kevin’s relationship in the future, instead of a dowry. Viola now accepts Charlie because she realizes Charlie makes Kevin happy. Viola even gives up her right to approve the match in order to make her son happy. Now, it is more about what the children want then what the mother wants.
Since Viola is the person who makes sure the marriage happens in the end, it shows parents still feel responsible for ensuring each of their children have a good marriage. However, happiness now is a bigger factor than economic status when parents consider a match. Katherine is married to an abusive, yet rich husband. Meanwhile, Kevin marries Charlie in order to have a joyful love, even if Charlie is not as wealthy as him. While Viola did not control as much of the marriage situation as Baptista, the new couple actually wants Viola to be involved in the process. If Charlie’s parents had not died when she was young, they would likely be just as involved in the wedding.
Many people believe the internet is something that can be used as often as they desire. These people post multiple times a day on social media without worrying about running out of data access. However, there are internet providers who restrict data to the point where their customers cannot do as much online as those with unlimited access. While a company or person without data limits can create websites with dozens of photos, videos, graphics, and more, some data limits only allow for a couple photos or videos to be uploaded per month. As a result, the data limits enforced by internet service providers prevents their customers from using the internet to its full potential, especially for creative projects.
A prime example of this problem is on a site like YouTube, where people can share videos with the world for free, and start conversations in each video’s comment section. It is possible to calculate the maximum length of a video that someone can upload with a data limit by finding the file size per second of video, which is also known as the bitrate, and dividing that into the maximum amount of data a specific company allows. T-Mobile’s mobile internet plans limit the amount of data in gigabytes a customer can use per month. The different monthly data plans are listed on T-Mobile’s website. The plan from T-Mobile that allows for the most gigabytes of data usage is 11 gigabytes at 4G LTE speeds for $70 a month. This means a T-Mobile customer cannot upload more than 11 gigabytes worth of video per month under this plan. Now, the bitrate allowed by YouTube must be known. In an online help page for YouTube, the bitrates recommended for videos to upload to and play on YouTube are listed by resolution. The recommended bitrate for a HD video with a resolution of 1080p with a frame rate of 48-60 frames per second is 12 Mbps. Using this information and some calculations, a person is able to upload no more than 15 minutes of video per month. If someone wishes to grow and maintain an audience for their channel, which will help get their videos viewed, there needs to be new content uploaded regularly. New videos give subscribers and viewers a way to engage with a channel. Plus, adding more content increases the chances of a channel being found in search results. YouTube itself encourages people to upload often in order to build and maintain their audience. A post published on the Google+ page called YouTube Creators, which is managed by YouTube, states, “Feed your feed! Upload frequently and aim to publish a minimum of one video per week.” This sets an expectation for people running channels on YouTube to upload at least once a week, or four times a month to maintain their audience. 15 minutes divided by four videos a month is 3 minutes and 45 seconds of video a week. The length of a person’s videos will continue to decrease the more often a person uploads, or if someone uploads a video at a higher resolution than 1080p. In reality, data would also be used from going to youtube.com, displaying graphics on the page, saving changes to the title or description of the video, and whatever else someone does while uploading. Therefore, the maximum number of minutes a month is going to be much less than 15 minutes. Plus, if someone uses all of their data to upload videos, this person will have no data left to do anything else online. This maximum of 15 minutes of video, which is further cut down by every time a webpage loads, prevents a person from reaching the full potential of a large channel that uploads often in which unlimited data would otherwise allow.
Videos are not the only type of large file someone may want to add to an online project. Another example is audio files, which are posted as songs and podcasts. The amount of data contained in an audio file is determined by its bit depth multiplied by the sample rate. Adobe Audition is a computer program that allows users to record and edit audio. According to a post in Adobe Audition’s online help page, audio files record in Adobe Audition automatically save at 32-bit, and be compressed to lower bit depths. An audio file with a high enough sample rate for a CD is at least 44,100 samples per second, or Hz. Therefore, each second of audio for a file with a bit depth of 32-bit and sample rate of 44,100 Hz requires 1,411,200 bits a second, which equals 176.4 kilobytes a second. NetZero is another internet service provider who limits data. According to NetZero’s website, their plan with the highest data limit is 6 gigabytes for $79.95 a month. With a 6 gigabyte limit, someone could only upload 9.45 hours of audio. If someone, for example, wanted to run a weekly podcast with this data limit, each podcast must be under about two and half hours. If someone wants to upload more than two and half hours a week, the data limits from NetZero prevent them from doing so. This prevents someone from reaching the full potential of a daily podcast or online radio station, which unlimited internet would otherwise allow.
Although people with unlimited data might not care that some people do not have as much, this situation causes the work of some people to never be seen. If someone who has limited data creates an amazing podcast, video, or other media, they are not able to upload their work and share it with the world. In addition to the data used by uploading large files, data is required to open web pages, display graphics, listen to audio or video online, and save changes to online posts. Everything someone does online within a month takes away from the size of any creative project a customer may want to post online. On the other hand, if people with unlimited data creates the content, not everyone who wants to see it can. If data limits continue to exist, only large companies and people rich enough to afford unlimited access will be able to publish creative content, and this media will just reach wealthy customers. For companies, this also means that customers with limited data cannot download their content, such as songs on Itunes or applications from Google Play. As long as internet providers continue to add data limits to their plans, the internet will be exclusive.
"Recommended Upload Encoding Settings (Advanced)." YouTube Help. Google. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. <https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/1722171?hl=en>.
Google. YouTube, 12 Jan. 2015. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. <https://plus.google.com/+YouTubeCreators/posts/FHuDD6uNus7>.
"The Simple Choice Plan." T Mobile. T Mobile USA, Inc. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. <http://www.t-mobile.com/cell-phone-plans/mobile-internet.html#tab-navigation>.
"Mobile Data Plans." NetZero. NetZero, Inc. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. <http://www.netzero.net/start/landing.do?page=fd/plans-mobile-static-s>.
"Digitizing Audio." Adobe Audition Help. Adobe Systems Incorporated. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. <https://helpx.adobe.com/audition/using/digitizing-audio.html#WS58a04a822e3e5010548241038980c2c5-7dba>.
Chuck Wendig, an author of screenplays and novels, wrote a blog post about the importance of opening lines in the first chapter of a book. In the article, Wendig stated, “A good opening line is a promise, or a question, or an unproven idea.” In Breaking Dawn, Wendig’s idea can be expanded to include chapter titles, since the titles are the first words a reader sees before starting a chapter. The promise is a foreshadowed event or emotion the character will have in the chapter. Some chapters are questions from the thoughts of the character (ex., when Jacob says “What do I look like?”). The unproven ideas are the adjectives Bella uses as titles, such as talented and irresistible. These adjectives have not been proven to belong to anyone, yet someone in the chapter will be considered to be that adjective by Bella after it is stated in the chapter title.
If the book had only numbers for titles, some of the character’s emotions and opinions would have been subtly expressed or absent from the story. The chapter titles summarize how Bella and Jacob feel in their parts of the story. This gives the reader a better understanding of the character than plot alone. This structure also makes the reader pay more attention to small details in the books, because even the one word chapter titles in Bella’s sections communicate her thoughts. Though some readers may overlook the chapter titles, Stephenie Meyer uses the titles as a technique for foreshadowing and expressing the characters’ personalities.
Meyer, Stephenie. Breaking Dawn. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2008. Print.
Wendig, Chuck. "25 Things To Know About Writing The First Chapter Of Your Novel." Terribleminds. N.p., 29 May 2012. Web. 19 Jan. 2015. <http://terribleminds.com/ramble/2012/05/29/25-things-to-know-about-writing-the-first-chapter/>.
Stop, put me down. I don’t need you to drag me along, even if I am paralyzed. Every little movement scrapes another layer of graphite from me. If I were like the human hand which controls me, you would be scrapping my skin off. This graphite tail of mine will not grow back if you rub it away. You are pulling out my hair when you grind my rubber against paper.
You leave me in the worse places, zippered into dark spaces. Every time I am left alone, I pray you will forget me, and it will all end there in peace. The darkness is better than when you hold me down against that blade, and cut away my wooden surface.
Oh, what could my purpose be? To be tortured into recording all your ideas without pay. Am I supposed to work my life away?
Wait, what did you just write?
(looks down) “I’m sorry that this may be our last dance across the paper. Thank you for recording the words I was too scared to say aloud. You pay the bail to get my thoughts out of the jail that is my mind, with your life, writing in your graphite blood. These words are mine, but you wrote them.”
(gasps) Is that a thank you note to me? A love letter. I remember writing these before, while held in the warm embrace of your hand, and dying in your fingers with every sharpening.
Without you, I would be sitting alone, growing cold. I can not move, speak, or do anything on my own. You are the murderer that rescued me from a life on the shelf, like an unwanted puppy in a shelter. I was not the nicest one available for adoption, yet you chose me. You could have taken that smooth, long lasting mechanical pencil, which could be refilled with new graphite, but you were environmentally conscience, choosing me, the biodegradable wooden pencil. To you, I was never number two.
Or maybe you were scared that the mechanical pencil would outlive you. It could be past down as a family heirloom, with every new stick of graphite prolonging its life way past yours. Even if it ran out of led and you threw it in the trash, its plastic shell would still be sitting in a landfill a thousand years from now. You and me are made of organic materials; dirt and trees. The only exception is a person created me to be with you. I’m sorry it couldn't last forever. With all the sharpening, we were bound to reach my metal end one day. It will be alright. Go ahead, and find another pencil. It’s time to let me go. You don’t have to scrape away at the millimeter of graphite left to finish this letter.
Unless. You could leave me in my bag, and when the new pencils arrive, I can tell them our stories. I will convince them to not fear you. Then, they will not screech in protest against the paper as I did. Your pencils will dance across the page if you let me be the one to encourage them. I’ll be an old pencil, the grandparent to the new ones, who never leaves the house, our pencil bag, but is always there for them when they come home. In those moments, I will have found my purpose. I wish you luck in writing your life story, my love.
“I’m gonna go to choir after school,” I said to my mom as she cooked dinner.
“Going. -e-ing,” my mom extended the sound.
“An I need you to sign my permission slip.”
“Let me hear you say the d first.”
“I don’t have time, I need to do my homework.”
“Say an-duh and then do your homework.”
My parents were born in a neighborhood in New Jersey where the lawns are perfectly cut, and the dialect is almost clear standard english. Ever since I said my first full sentence, my mom has corrected every mumbled or dropped consonant. While in younger grades, I thought the corrections were no different than ones from my teachers.
When I recently took a survey from the New York Times, the results showed that it is most likely that I live in New Jersey near Philadelphia based on the words I use and how I pronounce them. This accent comes from learning to speak from Jersey relatives and visiting my grandparents across the river, while living in Philadelphia..
“I want to axe you something,” I announced as I walked into the kitchen on a different day.
“You’re doing it again,” my mom said.
“What? All I said was I want to axe you a question.”
“You are talking like a Philadelphian.”
The first few times I heard this, my heart sank.
“What do you mean?”
“The word is as-kah, not axe.”
“I said [pause] ask.”
“No, you said axe.”
This discussion repeated throughout the first years of my life. The words echoed in my head, even when my mom was not around. I began to repeat myself, pausing mid sentence. This time coincided with my acceptance into a mentally gifted elective.
“Can someone tell me what [science term] is,” my fifth grade teacher would ask.
“[short answer]. I once saw on Nova [extra details].”
“That is fascinating, Miriam, although I was only looking for [expected answer].”
My fifth grade teacher encouraged my input, working the outside knowledge I connected to the lesson into the discussion.
“Haven’t you seen that episode before,” my Dad asked.
“Of course. I even know the words by heart.” I was currently sitting on the couch, watching a tv show.
“Why watch it then?”
“To refresh my memory. Besides, there is nothing else on.”
I would watch cartoons daily when I was younger. I learned to multiply from Cyberchase and vocabulary words from Martha Speaks and Word Girl. The contests on Fetch caught my imagination, and I loved the storytelling on Arthur. While watching repeats, I would draw the characters and say their lines with them.
“Who can work through the first part of this problem,” a math teacher would ask.
I was the only one to raise my hand, even though I knew my whole table had completed the class work. The teacher scanned the room as if no one had their hand raised.
“Nick, can you tell me what I should do first,” the teacher looked straight at him.
“I don’t know.” Nick glanced at the work on his paper, and then stared at the teacher again.
“Come on, it’s easy.”
“Subtract x from both sides?”
I understood that my teachers wanted to encourage all the students to speak, but there were entire weeks where I was not called on in middle school. Teachers only gave me help upon request, knowing I got all As and Bs.
“Miriam, sing louder,” my music teacher said at choir practice.
“I don’t know if I can.”
“Don’t you yell in the recess yard?”
I became quiet, yet not unsociable. My friends often spoke softer than me, afraid a teacher would not seat us together if we talked loudly, even though my friends and I only talked about work in class. Collaboration was not valued in my middle school. In some classes, I was quiet, and in others, people thought I was shy.
“Can anyone describe what global warming is,” my engineering teacher asked. He scanned the room for a raised hand. “Miriam.”
“Global warming is caused by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide, trap heat from the sun when the heat bounces off Earth’s surface,” I answered.
During the first few days of my freshman engineering class, most of the students were quiet. Every time our teacher asked a question, only two or three people raised their hand, and I was one of them. For some reason, the teacher told me after class that I should not be shy because I know so much.
At that point in my life, I did not consider myself shy. My classmates and I were all quietly adjusting to a new school. If anything, I was talking more than I had in years. However, every once in a while, the high pitched soprano would appear in my voice, and I would pause to clear my throat. Some interpreted this as shyness. Every time someone said I should talk more, I promised myself I would. The more often this occured, the less confident I felt. This continued to occur in poetry club.
“It was bedar to wear a masq than let mounans of acne show.”
“Say it again slowly.”
“It was be-agh. It was better to wear a masq-agh.”
“We can’t have you saying agh on stage.”
“I know Mr. Kay. I am having trouble with mumbling.”
“Try tasting each syllable of your poem. Say the line again as slow as you can.”
“Maybe we should write it on the board. What was the line,” Chella, who was one of the coaches, asked.
“It...was...better...to wear...a mask...than let...mountains...of acne….show,” I said slowly.
“I heard mountains! Chella, did you hear mountains,” Mr. Kay asked.
“I thought it was mounds,” Chella answered.
“It is mountains,” I said.
“Try saying it again.”
“It was bedar to wear…”
“Bet-ter. Say the t.”
“It was better to wear a mask…”
“Remember to move your mouth. It was better to wear a mask than let mountains of acne show.”
“It was better to wear a mask than let mountains of acne show.”
“Great. Now, say the whole poem at that pace.”
James Baldwin once wrote “It goes without saying, then, that language is also a political instrument, means, and proof of power.” When I stumbled over my words, people hesitated to absorb my points. The correct pronunciation would echo in my mind while my tongue was weak. My mom always corrected me, thinking it was a Philadelphian accent. I would pause to correct myself, which led people to believe I was shy or lacked confidence. Confidence is a form of power. I did not stop mumbling until the time Mr. Kay helped me say my poem clearly. If I had mumbled through my poem, it would not have grabbed people’s attention.
I taught my tongue to say every consonant and vowel in that poem. I performed without a single stutter, allowing my team to receive a high enough score, and win the slam. Doubting my ability to speak properly made me believe I was shy. This was my weakness. When I was little, I would lose my breathe mid sentence. Singing in choir taught me to breathe. Reciting poetry trained my mouth to speak clearly.
- A. What is negative space?
- B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still-life drawing?
- I found negative space in my cut out by cutting along the edges of where the two shades of gray met on the template. When I glued the pink pieces of paper onto the green piece, the green paper was the negative space.
- In my still life drawing, I found negative space by sketching the edges of the water bottle (where the subject touches the background), and then coloring the outside of that shape in black sharpie.
- C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?
- D. How is negative space useful in creating art?
B. How did learning this thing make your drawings better?
Before, I had made diagonal lines parallel to each other, but a one point perspective drawing looks more realistic and three-dimensional if the diagonal lines are all orthogonal, and come out of the vanishing point. The objects in this drawing seem to stretch out of the paper due to the orthogonals.
C. If you did this assignment again, what would you do differently?
I would be more careful when going over my lines in marker, and would have only used the thin-tipped sharpie instead of using both a regular sharpie and a thin-tipped one. I made a few mistakes from extending my lines too far in marker, and from being a little impatient. I should have taken my time and experimented more, by changing the length of the lines in pencil, to make the sizes of objects seem more realistic and visually appealing.
If Ms. Hull had allowed it, I would have used a different type of paper, because the paper we used was too smooth to shade in with colored-pencils. I had to switch to crayon to get most of the coloring done, and the wax tended to rub off the paper. The markers stayed on though. Next time, I may not color the drawing in at all.
D. What is your advice to someone who has never drawn a one point perspective drawing before?
Do not be afraid to start drawing. As long as you use a ruler, find a vanishing point, and only use orthogonal, vertical, and horizontal lines, the drawing will look accurate and amazing. Even if you have done a one perspective drawing before, there will always be lines to erase. Just keep drawing lines and observing the room, and before you realize it, you will have captured three-dimensional objects on paper. As you complete the drawing, it will seem to become easier.
E. What resource helped you the most and why?
Watching other people draw and asking them for advice helped me the most. I am mostly a tactile learner, and it helps to see the process of how to line up the ruler, and the lines needed to set up the paper in the order they are made. Watching people sketch parts of the room was easier to understand than looking at a photo. If I had only seen photos, I would have had to guess which lines are made when. Plus, people can give me feedback on my own drawing as they draw their own.
I could not imagine how to draw the stools. I was able to use Google Images and see what a stool looks like in a one perspective drawing, From there, I was able to sketch the stools on my own paper.
I was unable to take pictures of the room that showed everything I wanted to draw in detail. Plus, it was hard to remember what colors the walls and ceiling tiles were. So, I looked at videos from educon that were filmed in the art room to make my drawing look accurate when finishing at home.
Mi nombre es Miriam. Tengo quince años. Soy estudiante de Science Leadership Academy. Está en el centro de filadelfia. Está cerca de la estacion de tren. Es divertida y unica. Hay cinco pisos y cinco cien estudiantes. Tenemos una música sálon en la biblioteca. También, cada estudiante tenemos una computadora y un armario. Tenemos CIC, fútbol, último disco valador, y poesía club. Participo en poesía club porque es divertida y me encanta escribir. También, participo en fútbol porque es bien entrenamiento.
Tengo las clases de bioquímica, algébra, español, inglés, historia, teatro, y tecnología. Mi clase favorita es inglés porque es divertida, fascinante, y fácil. Aprendemos mucho en la clase de inglés. Además, soy buena escritora. Necesito el libro, un cuaderno, y una pluma. En la clase de inglés, casi siempre escribimos y leemos libros. Para tener éxito en esta clase, participamos activamente y siempre intentamos. Es requerido hacemos toda la tarea. Mi otro clase favorita es drama, pero es fin. Necesitamos participar activamente y prestar atención. En la clase de teatro, nosotras siempre actuamos conmigo pareja, pero cantamos a veces.
La Srta. Manuel enseña español y ayudar conmigo CIC. Enseña muy bien. Su cumpleaños es el diecisiete de mayo. La clase de español es importante y fácil. La Srta. Jonas es simpática, paciente, y inteligente. La clase de historia es fascinante. El Sr. Kay enseña drama, inglés, y entrenar poesía y baloncesto. Le fascina poesía y los calcetines. ¡La clase de drama es súper divertida! La Srta. Thompson enseña algébra. Le encanta correr y andar en bicicleta. La clase de algébra es importante, pero un poquito aburrida.Me encanta SLA porque es muy unica. Lo que más me gusta de SLA es que SLA es una grande comunidad. Los estudiantes son de muchas partes en filadelfia. Mi clase es mi segundo familia. SLA enseña nosotras cómo aprendemos. El Sr. Lehmann habla que SLA preparamos para ahora. Además, las clases en SLA son bastante divertidas y importantes y de costumbre fáciles y fascinantes. No me gusta salir porque SLA es fantástica.