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Computer Vision Syndrome

Computer Vision Syndrome results from long term technology and can damage your eyes as well as induce headaches. Devices such as computers, tablets, and eReaders can cause computer vision syndrome. Pretty much everyone has experienced computer vision syndrome in their life. The symptoms include dry eyes, headaches, sore eyes, and blurred vision. 
There are many things that contribute to computer vision syndrome other than the screen itself, such as the lighting and distance at which you're viewing the screen. This happens because your eyes are essentially working harder when viewing heavily lit objects that are not contrasted to the background, which is why almost all emails and papers are written as black words on a white background. Muscles in your eyes tighten, namely the ciliary muscle, which controls the viewing of objects at various distances. The average worker spends about seven hours a day working off of a screen, and we spend more seeing as we're a technology driven school, which makes this a big issue in today's society.
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How Drugs Affect The Brain

Science

How weed affects the brain:

THC the chemical in weed mimic anandamide, a natural chemical produced in the body, and blocks inhibition and allows dopamine to flow freely. This gives the feeling of euphoria that most people feel while weed is in their system. 


How cocaine affects the brain:

Cocaine is a strong central nervous system stimulant that increases levels of the dopamine in the brain. It prevents the dopamine from being recycled, causing the user to feel the high that is associated with cocaine. 

Society:

The social issues about drugs that has gotten the most publicity recently is the legalization of weed. Many people think this is a good thing because weed is one of the least harmful of recreation drugs out there, and it is used as a way to relive pain for those who suffer from chronic conditions. But the legalization is still getting a lot of push back because many believe that it is a gateway drug and will encourage youth to take part in the conniption of other drugs. 


Self:

Like the many seniors graduating from high school I will be going on to college. College, as many of you may know, is well known for being a place where drugs like weed or cocaine are accessible. So I thought it would be a good idea to get a better understanding of how they effect the people who take them, since I will no doubt be going to school with some of them. 

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Spanish Q4 - Tyreek, Leila, Ahlik, Amelia

A young lady, Amelia, is expecting to meet up with her boyfriend at the Amada Restaurant and when he finally shows up, he shows strange signs that raise some questions. Little does Amelia know she's in for an unexpected surprise not only from her so called boyfriend but from the restaurant itself... watch to find out what happens! 

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E1 U8 Q4 Proyecto James Adams, Antonio DeRock, Afi Koffi

Carmen(Afi) and Speedy(Antonio) go to school, however they are really hungry. They ditch school and go to a venezuelan restaurant, by calling a taxi. They meet Tyrone(James) the taxi driver, then they arrive at the restaurant and meet Paco(James) the waiter. Carmen(Afi) and Speedy(Antonio) then order their food, they receive their food and the worst thing happens Paco(James) is a undercover cop named Steve(James). Watch to find out how the tale unfolds!
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Podcast #2

This is our second podcast reflecting on chapters 3-6. 

Speakers: Jada Terrell, Kadija Koita, and Isabella Blackwell

This podcast covered topics such as advertisement, coin flips, and how we interpreted different illustrations in the chapters. We recalled doing coin flips during the first quarter of the year, and how we thought it'd be 50/50 but it's not, actually far from it. We also talked about IQ tests and how we feel about their relevance. 
Podcast 2
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Podcast #2 - Ilker, Jamie & Brian

In Jamie, Brian and my second Podcast we started of by answering Mr. Miles prompts given to us to talk about in the second podcast.  Jamie was not here for this intro allowing Brian an opportunity to speak more which was also asked for by Mr. Miles.  After about 13 minutes of introduction we finally started talking about the 4, 5 and 6 chapters.  As usual we did a lot of connecting and using in book examples to back up what we were saying.  We went over many of the graphs.  This week was a solid week.  We have officially hit the 30 minute minimum for the project.  Next time our podcast will be for the remaining 4 chapters.  Stay tuned!!
Pod cast # 2 With Intro
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Podcast #1

How to Lie with Statistics

Speakers: Jada Terrell, Isabella Blackwell, and Kadija Koita​

For this podcast, we talked about chapters 1-2 of the book. The main ideas we discussed were about collecting data sets and how we go about them. We noticed the different examples he used in the book to talk about how to choose samples and about bias, and we talked about our experience with collecting data in the past and how particularly our biases have influenced our data collection. 
How to Lie With Statistics pt 1
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Scoliosis

Science:


Scoliosis is the abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It ranges from different degrees depending on the person or the severeness of the scoliosis.

There are multiple causes and cases of scoliosis. Degenerative scoliosis may result from traumatic (from an injury or illness) bone collapse, previous major back surgery, or osteoporosis(thinning of the bones) Idiopathic Scoliosis is the e common type of scoliosis has no specific identifiable cause. Congenital Scoliosis caused by a bone abnormality present at birth. Neuromuscular Scoliosis is a result of abnormal muscles or nerves. Frequently seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or in those with various conditions that are accompanied by, or result in, paralysis.

There are certain cases that can be corrected by surgery or a back brace. The back brace can’t fix scoliosis but it can straighten and keep it from getting worse. It basically acts like a stabilizer.


Society: Approximately 2%-3% of Americans at age 16 have scoliosis. Less than .1% have spinal curves measuring greater than 40 degrees. Scoliosis is diagnosed by Most scoliosis curves are initially detected on school screening exams, by a child’s pediatrician, or family doctor or by a parent. Some signs include: uneven shoulders, a prominent shoulder blade, uneven waist, or leaning to one side. Speciality hospitals like Shriner’s children’s hospital can do screenings and X-rays to evaluate the magnitude of the curve. Girls are more likely to be affected than boys.


Self:

I have a rare case of scoliosis called Spondylothoracic Dysplasia.  Instead of one curve, I have two curves. Compared to a normal spine that have perfect rectangular vertebrae, my vertebrae is jumbled up resembling a puzzle. Therefore surgery would have been a risk. The physical aspects are visibly short torso, and a lot of back pains. Sources: http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/guide/arthritis-scoliosis  http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scoliosis/home/ovc-20193685 http://www.medicinenet.com/scoliosis/article.htm http://www.spine-health.com/conditions/scoliosis/scoliosis-what-you-need-know
http://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/scoliosis/ http://www.srs.org/ 
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The Science Behind The Gut Feeling: Ameer Forte

​Science: 

Modern science has given the world a way to determine whether or not the "gut feeling" you hear people refer to is a myth, or a true feeling or instinct of human thought and emotion. An article published in April 2016, shows researchers, for the first time ever, having devised a way to measure intuition. According to many researchers, intuition is far more material than it seems. Hope College social psychologist David Myers, PhD, explains that the intuitive right brain is almost always “reading” your surroundings, even when your conscious left brain is otherwise engaged. The body can register this information while the conscious mind remains blissfully unaware of what’s going on.’ This effect causes your first instinct to a problem or your “intuition” more reliable to trust than not because the first time you think about something your brain is more focused on it, without you even knowing. The experiment showed that most individuals actually guessed the right color more often when they began to trust their gut instinct by showing confidence and responding quickly, suddenly reacting rather than spending extra time thinking about the color.

Society:

Intuition can help people make better decisions under the right circumstances. This was an important study that showed that information subconsciously perceived in the brain can help with decisions if that information holds some value or extra evidence beyond what people already have in their conscious mind. In the future, researchers might be able to develop a method to train people to take advantage of their intuition and then test them to see if their intuition truly improved with more frequent use and practice.

Self:

When is this useful for someone like me? Well I personally plan to take advantage of my natural ability of intuition when test taking, when critical decision making, and basically in all aspects of life that involve important decision making.
5 Min Of Science
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Mali Fenning- Hybrid Cars

​Science

Hybrids are vehicles that combine the benefits of electricity and gasoline to become a more efficient and eco-friendly car. Hybrid and electric cars are different because hybrids don’t plug in. Regenerative Braking is when the hybrid reuses the energy that a car takes to brake or coast and uses the forward motion of the wheels to turn the motor in reverse, which then regenerates the energy. Electric Motor Drive Power assists the engine in accelerating, passing, or hill climbing. Some hybrids rely just on this at low speeds. Automatically shuts off the engine when the vehicle comes to a stop. This reduces wasted energy from idling. A hybrid that uses gas but then recaptures some energy during braking and store it as electricity unlike an electrical car. The negative impact of using electricity depends upon the type of power plants that supply the electrical grids where they are charged. California, derives 80% of its cities' electric power from hydroelectric plants. So neither the cars or power plants produce harmful emissions. However, if your state uses mostly coal-burning power plants for electricity than it is just as bad as using gasoline all the time. 

Society

Most people in Philly get their electricity from PECO. PECO is increasing is use of wind energy but usually uses fossil fuels like coal, oil, or natural gas. Hybrid vehicles do not use lead-acid batteries, instead they use nickel-hydride batteries and lithium ion batteries as hybrid. So much better than lead! Compact hybrid cars produce 10% fewer smog-producing emissions than normal cars. Larger hybrid cars reduce smog emissions by 15%, 19% and 21%. Smog = nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and other volatile organic compounds. It really depends on where you live to see if a hybrid car will benefit your environment or not. Retail sales of hybrid cars have increased since 2013, and buying is good for the economy! Tesla Motors’ high-end EVs have taken over 8.4% of the existing luxury car market, and electric vehicle manufacturers are creating jobs. Hybrid cars are seen as more expensive, but you can get them used and they are around the same price as a regular car. “The Leaf costs much less to operate. Over five years, Leaf drivers can expect to spend $4,691 less than Camry owners and $1,707 less than Prius drivers. Much of this difference comes from not buying gas.” There are less hybrid cars than regular gasoline run cars, but almost all the main car companies like Ford, Toyota, Volvo, etc sell a version of a hybrid car. 

Self 

I've always have had old cars that aren’t fuel efficient, so I think about later in life having a hybrid car. I am becoming an adult so I am trying to think about all my options. If I commute to school later in my college career I’ll probably drive so I am thinking about the best cars. Also, people have told me mixed opinions on hybrid cars, so now I know the facts.




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E1Q4BM Proyecto- Robo en el Restaurante

E1U8 Proyecto Video- Leah Bradstreet, Julia Furman

STORYLINE:

Leah: [voiceover] Presentar nuestro nuevo telenovela serie, Extraño Café: Un Documentario. Starring Julia Furman, Jason Lam, y Leah Bradstreet!

Julia: [walks up to Jason] ¡Hola! ¡Bienvenido el Dinero Café! Soy tú camarera, Julia. [pauses] ¿Qué le traigo? ¡También me gustaría mencionar que tenemos comida para perros para tú amigo adorable!

Jason: [looks at menu] No, gracias. Pero me gustaría agua, por favor.

Julia: Bueno, un momento. [walks away]

Julia: [returns with a cup of water] Aquí tiene.

Jason: Gracias.

Julia: ¿Algo más?

Leah: [walks in suspiciously, says nothing yet]

Jason: [notices her, but looks back down at menu] Sí. Quiero un pollo ensalada y salmón. Algo quiero helado de chocolate.

Julia [Suspiciously looking at Leah, but feels like she needs to look away and quickly does so. Wants to get out of there. Says quickly,] Bueno. Ya vengo. [begins to go quickly in fear]

Leah: [notices Julia just as she’s about to escape and takes out “gun” and fires into the air twice]

[Jason screams and the dog become alert and growls at Leah. Julia picks up her pace.]

Leah: [says creepily] Espera Señora.

Julia: [Stops and turns. Nervously and softly,] La la la la la la

Leah: ¡Dame todo, o voy a disparar! ¡Dame dinero, objetos de valor, quiero todo! ¡AHORA! [Fires another shot into the air, spurring everyone to scramble to strip themselves of their valuables]

Julia: [Falls down on the ground in surprise at the yell. Her glasses fall off. Jason´s dog sniffs at Julia, to make sure she's okay.]

Jason: [refuses to move, even speak. Dog is still in the same position, protecting his master]

Leah: [notices Jason and swerves the gun towards him]¡Tú! ¡Dame tu dinero!

[Dog growls and barks, and then jumps up on Leah]

Leah: ¡Aaaaahhhh! [Drops gun and runs out of the restaurant. The dog is still barking after her]

[The others cheer, the robbess is gone! Dog returns]

[Jason blushes from the attention and pets his dog on the head]


(End of Video)


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Honey Bees

  • Science
To explain the science of my topic to the public I would collect many different essential daily products that many people use and explain how honey bees contribute resources to make the product and what will happen if honey bees disappear. I will then give a short introduction about the anatomy of honey bees and how we collect the resources we use from honey bees, this will allow the audience to think differently when they go to their local pharmacy or store to buy products that use resources from honey bees. I am positive my resources are reliable, I made sure to only use sources with ".org" and resources from credible organizations. I am able to confirm that my sources are credible through online educational videos and reviews. 

  • Society
This issue impacts society because if honey bees disappear a large number of products that we use will become extremely expensive or will possibly become impossible to produce. Honey bees are responsible for one-third of our global food production, there are already third world countries that have multiple problems feeding their citizens. Countries like the United States and other developed countries will experience a food crisis that will most likely last for many generations. Lastly the economic value of pollinators is worth $235 to $577 billion dollars globally, if honey bees disappear a large amount of this money will be disappear and funds for education, medical supplies, etc. will become unavailable and result in a global crisis.
  • Self
This issue effects me because I am constantly thinking about the products I use and where they come from, if we lose resources because honey bees are experiencing some kind of a crisis it can effect generations to come and possibly effect the environment in a negative way. I am very grateful that I have all of these resources provided by honey bees that most people find difficult to obtain, I will never stop spreading the word about honey bees and will continue to provide information for those who are unaware of where most of the products they use come from. 

Sources Cited: 

1). Kurzgesagt. "The Death Of Bees Explained – Parasites, Poison and Humans." YouTube. YouTube, 09 July 2015. Web. 31 May 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GqA42M4RtxE>.
2). Morris, Alex. "What Is Killing America's Bees and What Does It Mean for Us?" Rolling Stone. N.p., 18 Aug. 2015. Web. 31 May 2016. <http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/what-is-killing-americas-bees-and-what-does-it-mean-for-us-20150818>.
3). "Honey Bees: Overview of Honeybee Types, Habitats & Characteristics."Orkin. Orkin, n.d. Web. 31 May 2016. <http://www.orkin.com/stinging-pests/bees/honey-bees/>.

Presentation: 
https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/18cOK2J0LoIzs3_Gb A1KVPQog6nweaRLfnyrLE7ilRPo/edit#slide=id.g124eb963b9_0_194
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Common Cold Blog Post


​Explaining common cold's to people is actually very simply. The reason for that is that everyone has experienced a common cold before, and and everyone knows the symptoms very well. Symptoms like sore throat, nasal congestion, and coughing are easily explainable. When it comes to the science most people know that there isn't a cure for the common cold because every year we catch cold's several times. The idea here is that there isn't one treatable cause for the common cold, they are hundreds of causes which why it is such a pesky thing to deal with. All of my sources on the common cold are reliable because they are backed by research. Some of my sources are also government funded.

http://www.cdc.gov/features/rhinoviruses/
http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/coldsandflu/Pages/Preventionandcure.aspx
http://www.commoncold.org/understand.htm
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/five-surprising-facts-about-the-common-cold-23293218/?no-ist

The common cold affects society in it that everyone gets one. Because of the common cold we call out sick at work, don't go to school, and even make ourselves a burden to those around us. People with weaker immune systems and children are the most prone to catching colds. Because of this we often spend a lot of time showing our children how to be sanitary. It's even possible to say that the common cold fostered this whole culture of always wash your hands after you do something with them. We build our lives in such a way that we try to avoid getting a cold as much as possible. The common cold has helped us develop as a cleanly society. Some people might say that the common cold causes us to waste time but it's because of the common cold that we have such as thing like sick days. Everyone has called out of work sick before without actually being sick. Imagine not having that chance because common colds didn't exist. In the future I think we will most likely get even cleaner as a society to eventually eradicate the common cold.


I think the common cold has made me into a paranoid person. Anytime I see someone coughing or sneezing I try to avoid them more because I don't want to catch a cold. It makes me alienate people. At the same time I do value the fact that the common cold has helped society develop. We have things like antibacterial soap and spray because of the common cold. The whole "it destroys 99.9% of all germs" things is a way to assure people that these products will protect against the cold. Yes to me the common cold culture has helped society develop new products and solutions as well as push us further to that 100% of all germs standard
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How to Lie with Statistics Podcast #2- Lindsey & Tiarra

Hey! Lindsey and Tiarra are back with their second installment of How To Lie with Statistics. In this podcast, we explore chapters 5-7 and discuss the deceitful nature of companies, prestigious schools, and other entities and how they can manipulate pictograph, bar graphs, and line graphs. So far, this podcast recording stuff has been very enjoyable and eye opening for us. Please enjoy it and look forward for our third and final installment later this week!
chapters5to7HTLWS
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E1 U8 Q4 Proyecto - Lauren Nicolella, Kimberly Gucciardi-Kreigh & Maciej Pokora

Maciej got a bad grade on his final project, causing him to fail the class he was in with Profesora Nutty. When he arrives at restaurant, he sees his teacher and decides to sit with her at the table. She tries to ignore him and tells him how bad this work is and such. Being all clumsy and rude to the waiter, teacher makes a request to cause trouble to him while he goes to the bathroom. After he comes back trouble happens and at the end he leaves a bad tip and drops a chandelier on him.


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Hikma Salhe- Female Genital Mutilation

​Science- 
"Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving paritial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO)." FGM is often done on girls between infancy and 15 years of age. There are four types of FGM:
  1. Clitoridectomy- removal of partial or whole clitoris and/or it's prepuce.
  2. Excision- removal of clitoris and labia minora.
  3. Infibulation- the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal.
  4. Any kind of non-medical, harmful procedures to the female genitalia 
Studies have shown that there is no known medical benefit to FGM, in fact the consequences are incredible. Most women suffer from problems urinating, vaginal/vulva cysts, vaginal infections, complications in future pregnancies and childbirth. 

Society-
FGM occurs all over the world, however it is not as apparent as it once was 20 years ago. FGM is most popular in North, Eastern/Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Middle East. FGM, in most countries, is considered to be a necessity to raise a girl. It’s ‘purpose’ is to keep the female modesty and virginity intact, making it popular amongst men. It aims to reduce female libido and overall female sexuality, by instilling fear into the woman.


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Christian Moore - Human Growth Hormone

​Science - Growth hormones are a natural substance created by your body just like testosterone. Human growth hormones however are genetically made hormones that help you get bigger. They were invented to help people who had developmental problems and could not grow to their appropriate size. This synthetic mixture was only available to people who absolutely needed it but began to be sold other places and people began to get their hands on it. The HGH itself does not get a person big, but depending on their daily activities may result in size difference. It is not a steroid, but considered a "doping" substance.

Society - HGH is not commonly known, and is often taken by bodybuilders and athletes even though it is banned in some organizations. These growth hormones when taken properly are very beneficial to your body. Athlete have been known to tear ligaments and take HGH's to speed up recovery time. The hormones are looked at as giving unfair advantages to athletes so it is frowned upon. It works by boosting testosterone levels in effect making a person work harder, lift more, and get better work results. Though it does not make them better, it is a Performance Enhancer. 

Self - I have never taken a growth hormone substance, but I think it is cool how our bodies react to different substances and the length people will go to just to achieve big muscles.
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Human Energy

​https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/presentation/d/1_u2UUJ_nIhsLsfFaI9RKyd7DM0Kv1riVg_BbBAMNF88/edit?usp=sharing

^presentation

My 5 min of science was to explore human efficiency through the analysis and research of human energy. Through discovering the average input and intake of human energy, through the output of certain tasks I was able to compare them to other things with energy usage. I found that biology is extremely efficient in it's daily input vs. output and it's extremely amazing what we do using so little energy. It would take more energy to boil tea on a stove than it would to think for a day and I think that's amazing.

How many calories do I burn by walking? (n.d.). Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/data/faq_details.cfm?id=1227

E. I. (2012, August 25). How many calories does thinking burn? Retrieved May 27, 2016, from http://io9.gizmodo.com/5920970/how-many-calories-does-thinking-burn

Owens, T. (2014). How Much Weight Can the Average Man Lift? Retrieved May 28, 2016, from http://www.livestrong.com/article/380767-how-much-weight-can-the-average-man-lift/
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