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Bundy, Kenyatta- Othello Benchmark Journals

Kenyatta Bundy Jr 

Benchmark Journal #1 

"Now will I question Cassio of Bianca,

A huswife that by selling her desires

Buys herself bread and clothes. It is a creature

That dotes on Cassio, as ’tis the strumpet’s plague

To beguile many and be beguiled by one.

He, when he hears of her, cannot refrain

From the excess of laughter. Here he comes.

                                                        Enter Casio

As he shall smile, Othello shall go mad.

And his unbookish jealousy must construe

Poor Cassio’s smiles, gestures, and light behavior

Quite in the wrong. —How do you now, lieutenant?"


During this section, Iago talks to the audience, as well as at one point to Cassio. These are 2 completely different audiences, and would need to talk differently and face totally different places in order to show exactly who it is that he's directing that part of the soliloquy. From "Now I will question Cassio", to "Poor Cassio’s smiles, gestures, and light behavior Quite in the wrong" he should be facing the audience, and talking in a way in which he does not want everyone else to hear, especially considering the fact that Cassio is walking over to him and he would not want him to hear. After the final part, he would turn his body towards the incoming Cassio, and talk to him directly, in a normal tone in order to not only be heard, but to make sure that everything seems completely normal and casual. 



Benchmark Journal #2 


An important scene in which he occurs in is the first act, scene 1, in which Iago and Roderigo "inform" Brabantio of Desdemona's departure, and eloping with Othello, aka the Moor. Another scene in which Brabantio is in is Act 1, Scene 2. In this scene Brabantio talks to, and accuses Othello of putting a spell on Desdemona. 


First Hand Observations: During Scene 1, Brabantio sees Iago, and Roderigo telling him how his daughter ran away with the Moor. At this time it seems as though Iago and Roderigo are "doing the right thing" for him, and his daughter. They seem to be doing him a favor. During Scene 2, Brabantio witnesses Othello defending himself, and at this point Brabantio believes Iago and Roderigo over anything, and is not willing to listen to Othello. Brabantio is getting 2 different stories, and believes that Othello actually put a spell on Desdemona in order to make her fall in love with him. 

Second Hand Observations: During Scene 1, Iago and Roderigo tell Brabantio that his daughter has ran away with a black man, known as the Moor. They are telling him that he has "lost his soul", and has been disrespected as well as dishonored by his daughter, who ran away to get married. During Scene 2, Othello tells Brabantio that he loves, and really cares for Desdemona, and yes that they are indeed married, but he only put the simple spell of dramatic love on Desdemona, which isn't actually a spell. 


Understanding Character's Motivation: The way that we could understand the character's motivations better when we concentrate only on their scenes is, focusing only on their scenes allows us to understand exactly what it is that they themselves were thinking, as well as the different things that would cause them to think this way. Normally we read the entire story, and think about everything that is going on, and often do not understand why they may do the things that they do, not thinking about the fact that they do not know all of the things that are going on around them, unlike we do. 



Benchmark Journal #3



When Emilia was young she never had very many friends. She was an only child, of a somewhat poor family, with a maid mother, and a lumberjack father. Over her childhood she was pretty happy, and somewhat of a normal child, that is until the day that changed it all. When she was 13 years old she walked home alone one day, due to the strange occurrence of her mother not showing up at her school to pick her up. But Emilia had memorized her way from the school to her house so she walked home without much of a problem. Once she got home though she quickly realized why it was that her mother did not come and pick her up. When she got back she found her father standing over her mother's dead body, having murdered her. From this point on she no longer truly trusted any man that is until she met "honest Iago". He made her feel like things could be different, and that not all men were completely terrible. She reached a true peak of happiness when she met the fair, and beautiful, Desdemona. Immediately upon meeting her she was infatuated by her beauty, not aware of the fact that this infatuation came solely from Desdemona's resemblance to Emilia's mother. 



Benchmark Journal #4

It took a while to develop my character, and separating her from myself, especially considering I'm a guy, playing a girl. When it comes to my tone of voice when I go to play her, I understand that I do not need to try to actually sound like a girl, I just need to act as if I am traumatized after finding my mistress murdered by her husband. Their are a few different movements that I will do, such as moving my arms while talking, but this will simply be due to the fact that it's what I naturally do while talking, and it is also what I see a lot of other people doing; especially females; do while they are angry. 

When it came to expressing this anger and pure emotion with props, I personally am not taking the same approach to props as some other groups are. Especially not like the other groups with guys who are playing girls, who have decided to stuff their shirts. I personally plan on wearing a bandana, and an apron. This is due to the fact that my character, Emilia, is basically somewhat of a maid, so the apron is obvious, and the bandana is their to somewhat symbolize the strength she exudes throughout the play, especially during my scene when confronting Othello. With that said, there are a few things that I believe, will make my group’s presentation stand out from the others. The main thing being my energy once I begin to play my role. Another thing that will make my group standout is the simple fact that we have a female playing a male role, and a male playing a female. This is completely opposite and will make ours different than every other group, besides the one other group who is also set up like this. Something that we have agreed on as a group for our scene is the simple movement around the "stage", as well as the set up of our bodies for the most climatic part of our scene. 



Benchmark Post-Performance Journal


            The entire Gold stream production of Othello is finally over, and I personally am proud of the entire class, especially the lonely group of Nia and I. Our scene; in which Emilia discovers Desdemona murdered, and Othello having killed her; is one of the most dramatic, and important scenes in the play. There are many lines, that come from Othello, as well as Emilia, that are of importance to the play, but the one that stands out the most to me is; “ If he say so, may his pernicious soul rot half a grain a day! He lies to the heart: she was too fond of her most filthy bargain.” This line is said by Emilia and has more importance than it actually seems. At this point in the play, Emilia has just realized that Iago is responsible for the entire murdering of Desdemona as well as his overall sociopathic ways throughout this time frame. At this point she knows that her own husband had used her, and she cannot take it. This is also the point in which Othello knows for sure that Desdemona did not actually cheat on him, and his only reaction is to pull out his sword on a woman, and threaten to kill her as well. This simple line has much deeper meaning than the text would imply. During my performance, I personally portrayed this in an angry manner as well as with disgust. This line, as well as my group’s entire scene, went exactly as we planned overall. Although there were very few mistakes that we came across, we pushed through, and gave an overall amazing performance, and I am very proud of us. The only thing that I could say I would have done differently is simply trying harder to memorize our lines, simply so that our papers would not have been in the way, and we would have been able to express ourselves better. This entire process allowed for me to truly dive into the play, and understand things in it, that I may not have understood the first time reading it. Like some of the things that were said in the Shakespearean language, I did not completely understand the line; “Cassio did top her; ask thy husband else. O, I were damn’d beneath all depth in hell, but that I did proceed upon just grounds to this extremity. Thy husband knew it all.” Said by Othello during our scene, but after rehearsing it, and listening, and paying attention to the context around that line, I was able to understand what was being said throughout that line, and how it related to everything else in the scene. In this quote Othello is saying, that Iago knew everything that was going on, and it was his Iago’s fault that everything happened with Desdemona, and that he did it because he believed he was justified. This overall experience was amazing for me, and I was happy to be able to be a part of this entire process. 

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Negative Space-Lauren Hummel

Photo 1
1. Negative space in the space around an object that is made up of various shapes and sizes. For example if you have a vase and you want to have a negative space drawing, you would place the vase and get a perspective you are happy with and then, shade the space around it. In the end you would have shading that outlines what looks like a vase.
2. I found negative space in my cutout by putting the template over a piece of construction and cutting out the black pieces and considering them the negative space that would eventually create the illusion of a house.
I found the negative space in my still life by blocking out all of the objects that are real. That allowed me to see only the spaces that needed to be darkened. At least that is what I tried to do, but it didn't work out as well as I had hoped.
3. It helps an artist to see negative space because it allows them the get different perspective and when you are an artist a good perspective can be the difference between a piece of art and a piece of not as nice art. It also teaches artists to draw abstract shapes which can be very helpful throughout their career.
4. Seeing in negative space does enhance drawing sometimes.It makes some pieces more abstract and therefore more appealing to a greater variation of people. At the same time, it can also make images more confusing, making it harder to understand the drawing.

Photo 4-1
Photo 2
Photo 3
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Negative Space Reflection

    A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it)

Negative space is the shapes and area where there is not an object. For example, if you lay your hand on a table, the negative space would be the space in between each finger and all the table around your hand. If your hand is the positive space, the table is the negative space. 

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

1. I found negative space in my cut out drawing by finding the opposite of the positive space, and mirroring the background on one side to become the green on the other. 

2. In my still live drawing I found the negative space by changing the focus of my eyes and blurring out the positive space, to make it easier to focus on the space that was not the object. 

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

When an artist sees negative space, it gives them another perspective on the subject of their drawing. In addition to drawing the positive image, they draw the negative images, which increases accuracy and the complexity of the drawing and of the artists eye.

    D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

Seeing in negative space does enhance the drawing, because it adds another dimension to a piece of art. The viewer can look at the positive space, the negative space, and see all shapes and concepts instead of one concrete idea. Understanding how objects interact in a space is important to understand art and drawing and understanding the world at large.

negative with color
negative 1
negative 2
negative 3
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Negative Space

Negative space is the space behind the object. For example, if you put your hand on a whiteboard and you trace it, the negative space will be the space around the hand. I found my negative space for my cutout drawing by matching the background paper to the template and cutting out the template. 



 For my regular still life drawings, I found the negative space by drawing the shape of the objects and then shading around it. I also tried to shade around the objects instead of drawing it before it. That tactic didn't work so well. 

Negative space helps an artist draw something because if you are doing a print, you need to know the negative space to make the print have what on the paper. 

    I think that seeing negative space, if done right can be quite beautiful and it would help your understanding when you are drawing something complicated. 

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Negative Space Drawing

  A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it)?

 Negative space is the space that is between and around an object. Usually negative space can be expressed in two colors. There are no details given in negative space when looking at the object or background, but only an outline.

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

I found the negative space by paying attention to the color differences. The image that I cut out only had two colors. The background was black while the object (in this case a tree), was a light grey. You couldn't see the details of a tree except a simple outline. In the still life drawing, I created the outline based on the lack of detail the object in a negative space drawing requires. The object needed to be identified, but doesn't need the detail.

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

It can help the artist indentify the object they are focusing on and pay more attention to it.

  D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

They do in fact. Seeing negative space can bring out the main subject of a drawing, especially if they were originally just blending in.
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Drawing Negative Space

Negative Space is drawing the outline of an object without drawing the detail in it.
I found negative space by first drawing the outline of each object I saw. For my negative space cut out project, I chose to do a tree. I cut out the half of the tree then I used the excess cut outs for the other side. 

Negative Space is important because it helps the artist know what he is drawing even without the detail. Even without the detail, he can still make the shape similar to the object. It helps see what the actual shape looks like, giving it creativity from another point of view.
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Rush Underestimates, Pays Price; Rocket Wins 7th Straight

Before the first pitch was thrown, Rush's Short Stop nonchalantly asked his teammates where they were going to celebrate after beating up SLA. Four inning innings later he was chirping at SLA's 3rd Base Coach claiming they weren't showing class by running hard on the base paths to build a 10-run lead. The innings in between his two comments were a textbook example of how psychological the game of Baseball can be, why Rush fell out of C division last year and how the Rockets continue to surge. 

After striking out the first two batters he faced, Rush's starter- Anthony Moore- walked Jeff Schwartz on four pitches, became visibly frustrated when he stole second, and seemed to lose his composure when called for a Balk. Schwartz was awarded third and easily scored on the next pitch when Kevin Courtney ripped one through that same Short Stop to make it 1-0. 

The psychological impact of a run scoring without a hit continued to unnerve Moore who was called for a total of three Balks in the game. The second put Mike Sanders in scoring position and Moore uncorked a wild pitch allowing him to reach 3rd. Although Sanders didn't score, the scene was foreshadowing for what would unfold in the third and fourth innings where the Rockets would score 11 times.

Moore threw hard, but the Rockets were patient the second time around the order. Ethan Reese fought off a bunch of pitches, eventually ripping a single up the middle and Abe Musselman was hit squarely in the back to reach 1st. With the runners moving, Jeff Schwartz notched his 31st and 32nd RBIs of the season on a rip into Center. Schwartz advanced to 2nd when Rush's defense tried to throw out Musselman at the plate. Kevin Courtney continued his hot hitting with an RBI (19) single to Center, making it 4-0. Mike Sanders came back in to pinch run, stole 2nd and 3rd and then scored on Nick Manton's groundout to the right side to make it 5-0. 

Rush got 1 run back off 3 consecutive singles, but Nick Manton, who remained perfect on the season in 4 appearances by striking out 7 and only issuing 1 Walk, got some great defense from Mike Sanders whose catch in Right stranded runners on 2nd and 3rd. The Rockets continued to prove they can play Small Ball as well as mash it up by scoring 7 more runs off just 1 extra-base hit in the 4th to put it out of reach. The win moved SLA just 1/2 game out of first place behind University City who was in action against Gratz. 

Kevin Courtney led The Rocket attack, reaching base in all 3 plate appearances, going 2-2 with a Double, 4RBIs and 2 Runs-scored (by Mike Sanders). SLA finished their 3-game road trip a perfect 3-0 and rides a 7-game win streak back home to Mt. Airy where they have outscored their opponents 82-9 in 5 games. Their next game is on May 6th vs. Bartram (7-2). 

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Black Market Silicone Injects

​This video is all about the risks of Black Market (illegal) Silicone Injections. I find this topic to be highly important because as a female know that we are all mildly insecure about our bodys. I don't want these woman's insecurity to be the case of their downfall, or even their death.

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SecondHand Smoke Awareness

I did this project for my english class. The assignment was to choose a topic that you are passionate about and create a speech with a presentation that explained how you felt and proving your point and reaching your goal by the end, my goal was awareness. I can possibly be a victim of second hand smoke only because I am around smokers a lot being that they are my family members mostly. I was not aware of the fact that me being around them while smoking can affect me in the long run. I hope you enjoy my video and you spread the word! (: 
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Murder from the Skies

In english class we were told to make a short speech and later a movie about how about a topic we feel strongly about. I did electric factories and how they damage are ecosystem very strongly, I hope after watching this video you feel as strongly about the issue as I do. 
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Negative Space

A. Say I told you to draw a circle on a piece of paper and asked you to color the negative space, you'd only color the space around the circle and not the circle itself. That space is the negative space. 

B. I found negative space by seeing everything around the object. It's a matter of where your focusing your eyes. I found the negative space in my cut out by removing all the positive.
In my still life drawings, I drew a contour of the objects and never any inside details, then colored everything outside of that contour.  

C. It helps an artist to see negative space because you'll then realize what is and isn't part of an object. Positive space isn't all a drawing has to offer, there's much more depth, and a big part of that depth is the negative. 

D. Seeing negative space helps enhance everything outside of an object. Personally I prefer to play with negative space over positive. It's taking a different outlook on what our eyes usually focus on first. 

Negative Space
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Negative Space Cut Out

Negative space is the area around an object. An easy way to think of it is the space that you can play around if an object was in the middle of a room. I found the negative space in the cut out drawing by doing the opposite shapes. If one shape was green on one side of the other it would be pink. In the still life I found the negative space by shading the empty space in with pencil so to appear empty. It helps an artist to see in negative space because when seeing the negative space it shows the contrast. It also helps the viewer of the painting see where things are and seeing if the space around it is full or empty. It gives effect to a painting. I think negative space in a drawing enhances the drawing because it enables the viewer to see contrast and it gives an extra dimension to the drawing. It also allows the viewer to see it in an abstract way. 

Negative space
Negative space 1
Negative space 2
Negative space 3
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Negative Space Reflection: Hersh

1. Negative space is the empty space around an object. It helps make the object look like it is actually there and makes it look more accurate if used correctly.
2. I found negative space in the cutout by placing the cutout pieces against the paper they were cut from like a mirror image, creating negative space and depth.
3. It is helpful for an artist to see in negative space because it gives them a better view and understanding of an object and portray it more accurately and realistically.
4. Seeing in negative space enhances drawings because it makes the drawings look better, more accurate, and gives them depth.
House Neg Space
First Neg Space Drawing
Neg Space Sketch 1
Neg Space Sketch 2
Negative Space Sketch 3
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