In order to know how to speak informal and formal you have to know:
In order to know how to speak informal and formal you have to know:
I’ve always been interested in the cognition. Language, the method of expressing thought, is a particular area that strikes me as very interesting. For instance, the subconscious manner of a human mind processing language has always brought forth a question in me: Is language instinctive within people, or has it been constructed through evolution?After researching the matter, when pertaining to the evolution of people’s cognitive state, language is not simply constructed. Specifically, in theory, evolution must have some kind of beginning consisting of an explanation behind the development.
According to the Department of Brain and Cognitive Science at MIT, the art of speech holds a person’s instinctive self-expression. Thus it should not be used as a liability to dissemble one’s subconscious intuition of language.
Instinct is simply an automatic and effortless manner of response. From an evolutionary standpoint, language is an instinct, meant to be naturally expressed. Consequently, people can never be improper of grammar in their speech. This is because of diversity. People have their mind wound up differently. In respect to a human population, when people speak, what they say, how they say it-- grammatically, as well as their cadence-- is all a part of what makes the person unique. One can only conform to society's standards of speaking "correctly" with the consequence of losing one’s idiosyncratic articulation. Language is a bare ability that gradually becomes a concealed ability.
If society upholds a system in which individuals are hidden from their own originality, inevitably obscurity is created in those people’s lives. When society evokes a cognitive-stereotype (how a person should talk) that person, if submissive, is no longer human, but robotic. To be human is to be instinctive of the signals that the body sends out, whether it is conscious or not. Once a person is structuring her instincts, she is fabricating her character.
Writing, another form of expression, is an optional accessory for a person. It comes as a result of oral expression. It is taught through directions of shape, size, and visualization. Writing is expressive as much as speech is, however it is not instinctive. Ultimately the only form of expression that can never be incorrect, is speaking. Writing is a constructed form of expression and without an eloquent mechanism of expression like speech, there is no beginning, middle and end.The language that a person acquires in his youth is the beginning of that person’s development. Language explains a person in every physiological approach. It is simply the start of a person’s cognitive life. However, the way that language is held at a young age in comparison to how society alters the person as they reach an older age, is life-altering in negative way.
As humans to grow they become more and more conscious of society, and when their mind is set on changing, they change. People change their humanity and that influences their initial and natural ability to speak. Children are self-accepting, on the other hand. They are not impacted by the need to change a natural instinct; therefore children are more accomplished speakers than adults are.
The genesis of language was described in 1871 by Charles Darwin in a book called The Descent of Man. Darwin described language to be “an instinctive tendency to acquire art”. He began the entire idea of language being identified as an instinctive. William James, a supporter of Darwin cognitive work, also suggested that a human being is physiologically instinctive. Hence a person should not act like a “fatal automaton” when they have the opportunity to act human. Throughout his arguments and recognitions of the world, James concluded that humans and animals share the same instincts, and that language was one of them.
Studies have shown that language is crucial in a person’s life. When there is no other human to talk to, humans turn to themselves, plants, and animals. But it is not until a person becomes fully grown that they lose the natural ability of comprehension. Children have a natural ability to develop and grasp dense grammatical structures, without any set of directions.In fact, Noam Chomsky performed showed evident patterns of this in his technical analyses. He selected the outlines of grammar that people accept as their mother language, and what they accept as universal. He introduced into neurology and genetics the speech patterns within child development. Chomsky widened speech perceptions with his analyses. He is currently amongst the most-cited writers in all of the humanities.
“A Child Called It,” written by Dave Pelzer is spectacular. This book is an autobiography about a child with a very unstable and abusive home. Dave, the helpless main character, was brutally abused by his mother, Catherine Rovera. His child abuse case was one of the most severe in California history. Buckherry Band dedicated two songs to Dave, titled Rescue Me and A Child Called it. Furthermore, the novel was on the New York Time’s best seller’s list for six years straight, which is really remarkable. Clearly, David’s tragic story is very popular.This autobiography is about a man, Dave Pelzer who was abused as a child by his alcoholic mother. His mother had something against him. She didn’t treat her four other sons anything like she handled Dave. She tortured Dave. For instance, she smashed his face into his younger brother’s soiled diaper and tried to make him eat the feces. She also forced ammonia down his throat. Dave encounters a lot of near death experiences during the book. The ironic thing is, that his mother wasn’t a always an evil woman. She was actually a very caring and nurturing mother before she became an alcoholic. Many readers could relate to this dysfunctional relationship, and perhaps his story could help them cope with their own struggles.
The characters in this memoir are Dave, Dave’s mother, Catherine Rovera, Dave’s father, Stephan Joseph Pelzer, and Dave’s brothers Stan, Ron, Russell, and Kevin. In this book, the main conflict is between Dave and his mother. However, Dave also has several minor conflicts with his father. Dave’s father is too tired and stressed out to tend to Dave’s needs because he is a firefighter and works almost a 24- hour shift every day. Dave is a remarkable person. Dave became a very successful person despite the tragedy he went through as a child. Surprisingly, even though Dave’s mother is so evil and cruel, he doesn’t hate her. He actually loves her to death and cares deeply for her, conveying his strength and heart as a character.
This book is a powerful memoir that makes its audience reflect. It made me think of all the times I said “I hate my mother!” or “She gets on my nerves!” Dave would have killed for a mother like mine. I believe that this book teaches people how to be grateful for the blessings in their life. When I am going through rough patches in life, this memoir grounds me, causing me to realize that I have a lot to be thankful for.
Even though I had a hard time directly relating to any of the characters, I felt a connection to Dave’s relationship with his dad. Dave was never able to see his dad because he works a 24-hour shift. His dad knows what is going on in the house, but he is unaware of how serious it is. Comparably, my dad doesn’t live with me, and I barely see him. I could be going through hell right now (even though I am not) and he wouldn’t have a clue. Similar to me, other readers could develop their own connections to the novel.
I would recommend this book to all teenagers because Dave’s story is a stellar example of a memoir. However, I wouldn’t recommend this book to the younger audience (7 years and under) because the material is too graphic. I barely ever hear teenagers say “I am so blessed and thankful for what I have been given” and this book will make you stop and think about small privileges.Because “A Child Called It” is so well written, I don’t think this book needs any adjustments or has any weaknesses. His autobiography kept me entertained from beginning to end. The drama never stopped, and this might sound a little weird, but it kept me yearning for more. Because the story was like a drug, I can’t wait to read Dave Pelzer’s next book, “The Lost Boy.”
Robbie McCormac Benchmark Script 10/21/12
Bateman(Calmly)- “Come on in Paul I have been dying to show you around my apartment.” I have a very modern upscale apartment right in the heart of New York City I love being showvnistic about it especially since all Paul talk’s about is wanting to live here.
Paul(Walking around the house)- “Wow Bateman I’m truly In pressed” He stares at the the Polo rug I have sitting by the T.V.(Sit’s at counter) “Any good channels to watch?”
Bateman- Cinemax and HBO something you don’t know about I say smuggle in my head. “Yes you can put on HBO if you’d like, Do you want anything to drink?”
Paul- “Can you make me a Vodka with Cranberry?”
Bateman(Laughing to himself)- I knew he was a bitch but really a vodka and cranberry? “Yes of course I can let’s go to the outside bar though.”
Paul(Sitting at chair relaxed)- “You really have it good out here Bateman , Your own little private peace of the American Dream.”
Bateman( At the bar making the drink) “Yes I suppose so Paul but Isolation start’s to slowly consume you, It’s a very odd feeling” (Notices an ax by the side of the wet bar)
Paul( Staring at my Louise vitton chair’s) “I’m sure everything will be fine with that Bateman we all have been there, work start’s to make you go a little insane ahah right?”
Bateman(Smiling) “Yes I would agree with that Paul I really would”
Paul (turning on the outside TV) “Amazing you get HBO outside here too? Simply perfect.”
Bateman( Hand’s drink over) “Here you go Paul your drink’s done.”
Paul- “Thank you.”
Bateman(At the bar Pouring himself scotch),(Put’s a rain Jacket on and pick’s up the AX) “Paul, Paul, Paul I don’t know about you but I hate work so goddamn much it’s a pain in the ass, And I dread seeing the same low life scum’s everyday. In fact let’s change that right now.” ( Goes run’s at Paul and put’s the ax in his head)
Bateman (Staring at the body) “Goddamn it there’s blood on my Ralph Lauren chair. THANKS PAUL.” No matter I have business to attend to.
In the month of December 2010 the National Football League postponed an Eagles football game due to snowy conditions. Governor Ed. Rendell, when asked to comment, stated that the United States was becoming a “nation of wusses.” This sparked a debate in which he used the metaphor attacking governmental policies that have lead the US in a downwards spiral. Rendell received a lot of media attention when in his opinion US lawmakers were “wusses.” This metaphor and constant media attention gave Rendell the title of his new book "A Nation of Wusses: How America's Leaders Lost the Guts to Make Us Great.” The book explains different experiences the former politician had while he was in his numerous offices, and criticises policies lawmakers have put into the political spectrum.
Before you open this book and take a look at what is in between the pages. Understand that the book is separated into two parts. To start the book you must have an open mind. Rendell talks a lot about how the liberal agenda and government is the best response to tackling a lot of America’s domestic policies, so naturally people with a conservative agenda will put down the book and not even bother to read it. The second being, half the book is just him praising himself of his own accomplishments and successful terms in office as Philadelphia’s District Attorney and Mayor, in addition to his eight years as Governor of Pennsylvania. He proceeds to sing the praises of Bill and Hillary Clinton while talking about how collectively they are the best leaders America has ever seen in it’s existence.
A lot of people before opening the book may think it will talk a lot about political theory and be very bipartisan not just one sided. Rendell has a reputation for “stepping over the party lines” and compromising with conservatives, he does mention it more than a few times in the book but it’s all about the liberal agenda, which means people who don’t agree with the agenda won’t even glance at it. Rendell does criticize President Obama and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.“Mistake number one: letting Congress write the specifics of the bill. The administration deferred to Congress, and the well-meaning progressive leadership in the House put in dollars for many social programs that did not create or retain jobs.” (A Nation of Wusses 153). He attacks Democrats in Congress who he feels were given to much power to edit and change provisions in the bill. He also attacks the Democratic controlled congress by changing provisions that suited the interest of their party.
We all like to talk about our accomplishments and build our ego. But writing it down word for word in a book with a big reputation at stake is not the best of ideas. Rendell spends half the book from chapters 1-12 talking about his achievements and accomplishments. (I understand how you have to build up your reputation in the beginning to make you seem more believable and reliable but you shouldn’t take half the book to do so.) I love Rendell as much as the next Pennsylvanian but the Rendell we all know is a modest man who speaks from the gut. It’s apparent that he gave in to the numerous editors and advisor telling him what he should write. It didn’t feel like Rendell wrote this book at all. Which would make him a wuss wouldn’t it?
“A Nation of Wusses” is a lot of things but bold is certainly not one of them. Rendell over killed on the whole liberal agenda and his accomplishments which are unnecessary. A lot of emphasis was put in on the Clintons that made them seem like political gods and may have been used to create some sort of hype for Hillary to run for president in 2016. The book has it’s moments where I feel Rendell sneaks some dirty politics that occur in his own party in a metaphorical sense. It could be Rendell sticking it to his editor and advisors. It’s all up and down and if you’re a strong liberal who loves the Clintons this book definitely for you. But it has no outreach to target someone else and the writing is definitely not the gut speaking Rendell we all know and love. But keep in mind Rendell spends most of the book railing his praise and talking about one agenda, is this the wussification of Ed Rendell?
In this story and more specifically in this part of the story you can feel a very great sense of what justus where the Dragon Korialstrasz wants to hold up as his duty of being a consort of life. But as he is going along the land he keeps seeing the dead rise to slay the living but he is forced by his queen to not enter himself into the human acts. Then when he finally enters the battle you can see his great power unleashed before he flies away. As he get hit though you can see how strong the enemies are when they strike him and weaken him to the point of falling out of the sky.
As I started this this project I thought “Hey lets make a web page because I learned from my Web Design class”. So as I started to work on the Html Files but when I went onto my CSS code it didn’t work so instead I didn’t use any CSS. Then went onto my java code learned I wouldn’t be able to learn the code in time to complete this project so instead I just made a scratch project. After running into a bunch of bugs and fixing them I finally finished.
I made this a game because the book itself is based off of a game and I wanted to practice my coding skills so I saw this as perfect project to do just that. As I worked through the web page and it was going along well and to make it interactive I Made the game to go along with the Web pages. The challenges that went into this project that I need to overcome and or change to make this work were. Java not working and the overall Css bugs that I could not fix although I didn’t want to use Scratch in the end I used it just as a fall back.
I spent merely a couple days reading this book, “The Lover’s Dictionary” by David Levithan. It didn’t take me long at all to read, as I found myself so wrapped up in this amazing book.
I love the structure of how it’s written and how imaginative it was. Other books I have read just blankly told me a story. Though, “The Lover’s Dictionary” made me figure out what each word meant, as I unfolded piece by piece of the story.
I tried to put Levithan’s words in my perspective. In which the idea of my benchmark came. My project has no purpose, but to give a story from one word.
During my process of making this project, I found so many more meanings to the simplest words. Words that I didn’t think could be as heavy as I found them to be. By making one word define a story, it happened.
So I found my favorite quotes, wrote them down, and posted them through out the school. “Spreading a Lover’s Words” I then asked my friends to write their own version of what Levithan did. They posted theirs as well.
I also am leaving it up to who ever wants to be apart of this project to spread their words and do the same.
Imagine this. You have a older sister who is dying from cancer. She constantly needs blood donations, and transplants in order to survive. Envision that you are her donor and that her life depends fully on you, and only you. Well...welcome to the life of Anna Fitzgerald, a girl who was specifically born to save her sister’s life.
In this book review we have the novel “My Sister’s Keeper,” a book that is written in multiple perspectives and time periods. Published in 2004, written by New York Times Best Selling author Jodi Picoult.
Anna, is a 13 year old girl in middle school wants to be just like every other girl her age. She has a passion for playing hockey and has crushes on boys in her class every now and then. However, due to her older sister Kate’s cancer relapses, Anna is always pulled away from all of her leisure activities.
Anna has always loved her sister and has always without any complaint, fulfilled her duty as Kate’s donor. It is very clear that Anna thinks of herself incomplete without Kate. Since Kate is the only reason that she exists. It is unmistakable that Sara and Brian, Anna’s parents always have their full attention on Kate and only refer to Anna when they need something from her. This time it’s Anna’s kidney. At this point in the storyline there are multiple unanticipated events and everything in the lives of the characters swivel to whole new directions.
While reading book the book “My Sister’s Keeper” something that I quickly noticed was that the chapters are all narrated by different characters. This is something that I found really unique about Picoult’s writing. Whenever the story is told in Anna’s perspective she is telling the story during present time. Whereas when Anna’s mother Sara is telling the story in the past to let the readers know how the lives of Anna and Kate turned out the way they are.
When I first started reading this book I was a little confused because I couldn’t grasp the fact that the story was being told in different point of views and the events that were taking place were during different years though there was only one main character, Anna. However after reading a good chunk of the book it became clear to me that the same story was being told through different lens and that the was being told in different puzzle pieces so by the end of the book everything fit together into one picture as a whole story. I think Picoult did this on purpose because she did not want the reader to judge the characters based on just one perspective. She wanted the readers to know what mindset the other characters were in also.
Jodi Picoult used a very interesting method to help readers become comfortable with the different narrators and the years the story was being told throughout. The chapters were all written in different fonts. Each font dedicated to one character. This was something that helped me know who was speaking because whenever a new chapter began, since I tended to jump right in with out reading the title of the chapter.
I think for me this book was a very smooth and fast read. I was able to finish the book with in a week along with all of my academics. I was really drawn in to the story even though it had a really melancholy feeling to it and was at times was a little boring and slow. But In the back of my head I knew I was going to finish this book because I loved Anna’s character. Even though she is really young in the book she was really strong and was going through what all teenagers do. She was trying to figure herself out which is something that I think every teen including myself can connect to.
I highly recommend this book to any young adult who likes a realistic and emotional story. I think this book has a lot of hidden messages about family bonds and important relationships that every person has. Overall I really enjoyed reading this book and I look forward to watching the movie interpretation of “My Sister’s Keeper” a novel by Jodi Picoult.
Sharon M. Draper is an accomplished writer and a winner of many awards for her compelling pieces. She has received much praise for all her publications, and she continues to write more. Draper loves to write she says “words flow easily from my fingertips, and my heart beats rapidly with excitement as an idea becomes a reality on the paper right in front of me.” With such ambition, Draper captivates readers with every single word that’s read in her books. The most compelling is Out of my Mind, which is a story about a young girl having a battle between her distinctions and “normality.”
Melody Brooks is an eleven year old girl born with cerebral palsy. This disability hinders Melody from communicating ideas, and she has never spoken a single word. Unlike any ordinary fifth grader, Melody is unable to walk and care for herself. This disability may have fractured 10 year old Melody Brooks’s body, but it has not affected her mind. Melody is a brilliant child with a photogenic memory that allows her to store and analyze everything that happens in her life. Melody is a genius, but nobody knows it. How would you feel if you were brilliant and you couldn’t communicate any of your thoughts?
Out of My Mind is a book that should be read by everyone. Ten year old Melody Brooks displays a positive way to deal with difficulties of her world by living above all expectations people set for her. Melody’s unquenchable thirst for knowledge encourages her to move on and not quit. She has the help of an electrical word board thats connects to her wheelchair. This device allows her to create phrases, and it speaks her words aloud. This machine allows Melody to express some of her thoughts but its not capable to prove her real intelligence.Although she is so young she has experienced so much already. Dealing with bullies, being misjudged, not having a choice in some decisions, and the worse part, not being able to say anything. Discouraged by her peers, Melody is afraid to venture out. Until one day when Melody takes the greatest challenge of her life and competes against her “normal” classmates. She joins a quiz team and all goes well in the first competition, but then things stir up when she is betrayed. Melody’s world comes crashing down, and other tragedies that happened at the same time. Melody continues to push on through all of this and every challenge thrown at her. In the end Melody is victorious. I highly recommend this book to everyone! This book is enjoyable and attracts any age group that has a thirst for learning and discovering just like Melody.
Something new that I learned that amazed me is how fast our computer send packages to the web in order for you to receive the information that we need. This is a long process but yet we have advanced so much that is does even take a minute to search something anymore.
2) MY OMG moment was while we were learning about the internet connection and how packages came through to your computer, there were so many things that had to be done but it was done in such a quick amount of time. It shocked me that a computer or device could move so quick and people get irritated if it takes longer than ten seconds.3) Other people in the world should know about having an ISP/Home network that you should always have a password if you have a WIFI connection. Random people near you can connect to that network for free if it's not password connected. If there is a password only people who know of the password can connect, so that way it's easier for you and you're not paying for multiple people than you need to.
For the past week I have been reading David Sedaris’ Holidays on Ice, a short collection of essays, each of which is a reflection of our culture’s attitudes and behaviors around the Christmas season. I do not consider myself an avid reader, but I found this comical collection hard to put down. While at times I found the book discouraging, I feel that it was well worth reading and would recommend reading it if to anyone who haven’t already.
David Sedaris is a well known author and comedian, making regular appearances on many National Public Radio programs such as Fresh Air and This American Life. He is the author of many bestselling books including Naked, Me Talk Pretty One Day and When You Are Engulfed In Flames. He is known for his ability to make everyday situations into hilarious comedy sketches. The humor in his works are further enhanced when he reads them aloud.
Sedaris opens his book with a memoir called “The Santaland Diaries” in which he describes his experiences working as an elf in the Santaland at a Macy's in New York. He talks about his experiences with a combination of humor, spite and cynicism. In one section, he recalls the different requests made by customers regarding Santa’s racial identity, “...a woman approached me and whispered, ‘We would like a traditional Santa. I’m sure you know what I’m talking about.’” Sedaris sends her to one of the store’s two African American Santas. “Two New Jersey families came together to see santa. Two loud unattractive husbands with two wives and four children between them. The children gathered around Santa and had their picture taken. When santa asked what the ten year old boy wanted for Christmas, His father shouted ‘A WOMAN! GET HIM A WOMAN, SANTA!’” Mr. Sedaris does a very good job of conveying humor while still putting out intelligent and meaningful analysis of our society’s holiday culture. In The Santaland Diaries, he’s depicts the greater american populace as a swarm of rude, impatient, and self important shoppers who pay little respect to anything other than themselves.
Many parts of the book however, do not reflect as much of his humor as they do his spite. An example where I see more spite than humor is in this excerpt from “Dinah, The Christmas Whore” “Kettles boiled over and steaks were routinely left to blacken on the grill as my co workers crept off to the stockroom to smoke and play cards or sometimes have sex. ‘It suddenly occurred to me that people are lazy’” There may be humor here, but to me this just sound like another person complaining about their job. It almost irritates me because if I want to hear this type of thing I can just talk to my friend who works at McDonalds. That being said, I found that changing my perspective as a reader and prepared myself for a book that was more analytical than comical it made things a bit more tolerable.
As I write this review, I feel I may not be giving the book it’s due credit. I feel that as a teenager, some of the humor may go over my head. While I do find much of the book funny and have often laughed through much of the santaland diaries, I feel that it is meant for a more mature audience. While teenagers who read this collection will find some things funny, much of the humor is aimed at a more adult audience. Much of his humor comes across as a deterrent rather than an incentive to keep reading. This passage from “Season’s Greeting to Our Friends and Family!!!” is something that many adults I know found funny but I found overly cynical and even angry. “When his tour of duty ended Clifford returned home, where, after making the second biggest decision of his life (I am referring of course to his brief eight month marriage to Doll Babcock), he and I were reunited.” I do understand that there is humor here. And I understand why it could be funny, I simply Don’t get it. I feel like the older you are, the funnier this would be. Since People my age have not yet experienced or are currently experiencing interactions like this it is hard to look back and laugh. I look forward to reading this book once I reach adulthood when I will understand more of his humor.
Holidays on ice is a book that will appeal the most to those who share Sedaris’ cynicism and dark humor. Even if you are not a fan of this sort of humor I would still recommend reading this book purely because of the variety of interesting content that it offers. It is also worth it just to have the cadence that is David Sedaris’s Writing course through your head. I feel that Sedaris set out to write a comedy and ended up writing a comedy as he planned, but ended up doing so much more. The book has a wide enough variety of humor that anyone can read and enjoy it, and he made it have enough of a plot so that those who don’t understand his all of his humor like I do can still enjoy this book. If you have not already, I seriously recommend reading it.