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Colonialism in Asia

The basic ideas of colonialism was a global trade with a purpose


India, Malaya, Dutch Indies, Ceylon and the Philippines were rich in natural resources.


If you had enough land for your family and were told to grow crops for Europe then you would begin starving due to you losing crops.


When a colony was made they threw anyone in it forcing them to co-exist


Turned colonies against each other


Used bribes and small steps when taking over the colonies


Europe is getting most of the profit


Made the asians that if they had lighter skin then you were better and more beautiful.


Europe controlled over 84% of the world



Questions


Does colonialism still exist or is it over


How can you strive when your overseers have given up


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Negative Space Reflection

What is Negative Space
Negative space is the space around or in between the object you are drawing. Negative space has no detail. 

My Negative Space
In my drawing I found the negative space by looking at the spaces in between the object. One example is the chairs stacked on top of each other. I tried to shade in everything but the actual chair, such as the space between the bars. In my cutout, everything that I cut out was negative space. 

Artists' Negative Space
I think that it is important for artists' to use negative space. Then, they can look at the whole shape and not just the figure. 

Negative Space Enhances
I think that negative space enhances pictures because you are not only drawing the figures you are drawing everything around it too. 
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Q4 Globalization Benchmark Rharris

Link to my final product: http://aninvisiblepeople.weebly.com/


PERSONAL STATEMENT


My topic of choice for this benchmark is the topic of statelessness. The way I believe statelessness relates globalization lies directly in the name. People who are statelessness belong to no one. They can’t get jobs, health insurance, or citizenship with the worst part being the countries that live won’t grant it to them. Since countries don’t recognize them as citizens, their welfare is completely irrelevant to the global world. They aren’t granted basic human rights that we, as citizens in a global community, try to uphold. Also a lot of the time with stateless people, their culture is also at stake. The government, or anyone for that matter, has the ability to do literally whatever they want to stateless people because they belong to no one. Because of this, many stateless people fall into human trafficking, another serious issue. Granted, many countries have been making advances to help these people regain citizenship but one thing I was thinking of covering is when different cultures assimilate into other cultures. Is their culture also being lost when they gain these basic human rights through gaining a nationality? Something like statelessness can easily been fixed but the reason it hasn’t been is because many countries don’t know how to deal with something like statelessness. The majority of people can’t even really comprehend what it’s like to be stateless because they’re used to the idea that someone born somewhere are always considered a citizen. I think that in order for statelessness to cease to be an issue, countries must first recognize that these people are being greatly discriminated against and then development laws that both ensure a citizenship and also ensure the protection of their basic human rights.



Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources:

- Constantine, Greg. Exiled To Nowhere: Burma’s Rohingya. LiveBooks, 2006-2012. http://www.exiledtonowhere.com/ 03 May 2013.

I will be using the Rohingya that Constantine profiled as the main focus of my benchmark. The photos from Constantine’s galleries will also be greatly used in my project as well.

- Constantine, Greg. “Part One: The Unwanted”. 2013. Exiled To Nowhere: Burma’s Rohingya.

One of three of Constantine’s galleries of actual Rohingya people.

- Constantine, Greg. “Part Two: The Unwelcome”. 2013. Exiled To Nowhere: Burma’s Rohingya.

One of three of Constantine’s galleries of actual Rohingya people.

- Constantine, Greg. “Part Three: Exiled To Nowhere”. 2013. Exiled To Nowhere: Burma’s Rohingya.

One of three of Constantine’s galleries of actual Rohingya people.

- "The Rohingya Crisis of June 2012: A Survivor's Testimony | OpenDemocracy." The Rohingya Crisis of June 2012: A Survivor's Testimony | OpenDemocracy. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013. (http://www.opendemocracy.net/opensecurity/hamid-emma-crichton/rohingya-crisis-of-june-2012-survivors-testimony)

This article contains the personal testimony of a Rohingya man named Hamid after survivor an incident during June of 2012.


Secondary Sources:

- Motlagh, Jason. "Palm Oil for the West, Exploitation for Young Workers in Malaysia." Pulitzer Center For Crisis Reporting. 09 Apr 2013: 1. Web. 10 May. 2013. <http://pulitzercenter.org/reporting/malaysia-sabah-palm-oil-for-the-west-exploitation-young-workers>.

I read this article to get a better understanding to the types of things stateless people are subjected to. Also, when researching the Rohingya, they were also subjected to similar things like the kids in Malaysia.

- "The Silent Suffering of the Rohingyas." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Apr. 2013. Web. 10 May 2013. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0W7qNxtFU0)

This news profile talks about the seriousness of the situation that the Rohingya are facing. They are not only being discriminated and systematic killed in Burma, but in Bangladesh, where many refugees live, are also being discriminated against greatly.

- Glazer , Ilana. "How Anonymous Used Twitter to Expose the Rohingya Genocide." Daily Beast. 27 Mar 2013: 1. Web. 13 May. 2013. <http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/03/27/how-anonymous-used-twitter-to-expose-the-rohingya-genocide.html>.

This is article about the Internet enigma known as “Anonymous” helped shed light upon the genocide of the Rohingya people in Burma.  

- "Genocide Watch." Genocide Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2013

The website delves into understanding genocide, what causes it, people(s) affected by it, and how to prevent further genocides.


Social Media Sources:

- "Storytelling Video about Stateless People in Vietnam Granted Citizenship." YouTube. YouTube, 09 Jan. 2012. Web. 10 May 2013.

(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oTjzWW2ZwsA)

This shows a country (Vietnam) starting to deal with statelessness and people who become stateless. A positive sign towards getting rid of statelessness.  

- "Stateless in America." YouTube. YouTube, 13 Dec. 2012. Web. 10 May 2013. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Dol2QbNWfs)

This video demonstrates that statelessness doesn’t just exist in smaller and third world countries.

- Arakan News Twitter (https://twitter.com/Arakan_News)

This is twitter account that reports on all issues related to Muslim people. Since the Rohingya are a Muslim group, the twitter account tweets information about the Rohingya people in Burma and Bangladesh.

- Rohingya Community Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/Rohingya?fref=ts)

This facebook page acts a hub for people around the world to learn about the Rohingya and it also gives current news about the condition of the community.

- "Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugees." YouTube. YouTube, 09 Apr. 2013. Web. 13 May 2013. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OXUIu_25LIk&feature=player_embedded)

This is a UN sponsored video about the condition of Rohingya in specifically Bangladesh, where their situation is even worse.


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Capstone: And It Pours

Abstract: All I can do is write. This is an honest assessment I have come to after my four years at Science Leadership Academy because, really, it is the last trick I have up my sleeve. Basing an entire Capstone on my words alone, however, seemed unfitting of both my character and of the endgame this project was attempting to achieve.

There is only so much a person tackle without the influence and aid of others and that initial brainstorm lead me down the path of deciphering patterns and connecting the dots between the classes and furthermore, their students. I wanted to find out for myself if there was any common ground amongst them. I interviewed and questioned, conversated and stalked, which allowed me to shape a tale with their thoughts guiding the way.

Something was made, something wholly mine and theirs. I simply wrote a story, one for all of us.
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Special Ed

Abstract:

My project is a continuation of a project I started in Herman class last year. The project instructions was to come with up with a topic of our choice, and realize that everything has a history. I choose to do mine on Special education and the outlook society gives them. Mr. Herman came up with the idea that I should start it last year and use it for my capstone for the following year because I want to be a teacher. My final project is a video partially made from last year and the rest from the observations I have done this year while visiting Pennsylvania school for the Deaf. 


Annotated Sources 
My final Presentation 
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A Study of Buddhism: Thai Buddhism, The Woman’s Role, and Monasticism.

My project was basically a series of essays on buddhism.

ABSTRACT:

The purpose of this project was to learn about Buddhism and Monasticism, specifically Thai Buddhism and the woman’s role. This Portfolio begins with a relatively concise explanation of the fundamental ideas and history of Hinduism and Buddhism, including Upanishadic Monism, Buddha’s life and influence, the theory Samsara, the theory of All Suffering, the theory of Emptiness, and the three main types of modern Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana and Tantra. 

The second part of this portfolio contains information on the current status of women in Thailand. It examines the differences between Bhikkhuni and Mae-Ji and explains the political and social repercussions. Finally, it discusses, without conclusion, the possible factors of these differences. 

The third part of this portfolio deals with my own personal experience imitating the Monastic lifestyle of a Bhikkhuni and the experiences of the students in Professor McDaniel’s class (a class on the monastic lifestyle in a University setting).

Also included is a timeline of important events starting from Buddhas birth, a glossary of words, and examples of Thai-Tantra Buddhist sites with pictures that I took during my year abroad.

All information in this Portfolio should be understandable to someone who has never studied Buddhism before. With this portfolio I hope to educate and interest my reader, and I challenge him or her to consider how what they learned here might apply to their own life. 



Anotated Bibliography


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"Splintered Wood" - Stephen Holts



For my capstone, I made a short film, entitled, Splintered Wood. It’s a drama piece about a boy who tries to bridge the gap between two beloved family members who don’t like each other, while maintaining his own strong relationship with the two of them. The questions the necessity of familial love, and also wrestles with themes of the unit versus the individual. 

I chose this as my capstone because ever since my freshman year, I knew I wanted to make a short film, I just had no idea as to how I was going to pull it off, or what the short would even be about. 

Then  around my junior year, I wrote a script, and took a real liking to it. So much so, that I actually shared it with another breathing person. When I shared my script with others, they seemed to like it too, further solidifying the idea in my head that this was what I wanted to do.

I implemented the core values through spending two years in Digital Video inquiring and researching how short films are made. I had to collaborate with actors, and the presentation was the actual film. 


After preproduction, each step overlapped. After the script was written, I was doing script readings with one actor while shooting with another. Also, the entire time we were shooting I was editing, so production and postproduction were happening all at the same time. 

The biggest obstacle was scheduling. One of the actors had graduated high school, while the other two were still students, one of which was a junior who was always busy. Scheduling was very complicated, but when the stars would align, it turned out alright. 

The process was very stressful, mainly because I was doing this all on my own. I was directing, producing, editing, casting, working with the sound recordings, and scheduling all of the shootings. Sure, I had two years of experience with this, but when you’re truly on your own, it’s a different kind of ball game. 


I’m really proud of the work that was accomplished. Save for the actors, I did this all on my own. I’m really impressed with myself that I was able to do it because there were definitely times where I thought I couldn’t. 

I learned a lot about film production, with the biggest lesson being that a crew is as important to have than a cast. One person cannot do all of the work on the crew side of things. 

I think I would have taken some students from entry-level dig vid to have as a crew so that they could learn what it’s like to be a part of one, because that’s not necessarily something that we practiced all the time in dig vid. 

When I interviewed to become a student at SLA, I promised that I would bring people together, and I think I’ve done that through various projects that I’ve managed to pull off during my time as a student here. There are very view students that currently attend SLA that haven’t seen me do something weird or tell someone else to do something weird in the name of a film project. There are many ways to unify a community. Film was just my way of doing it. 


Enjoy!


Click here for my sources. 
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Capstone! w/DanWirt

Link to my website:

http://www.avidfitness.org/

1) "300 Workout: The Muscle Building Workout Used by the Cast of the Movie." Men's Health Magazine : Men's Guide to Fitness, Health, Weight Loss, Nutrition, Sex, Style and Guy Wisdom. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


2) "Working Out Doesn't Just Make You Stronger, It Makes You Smarter." Co.Exist. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


3) "Workout Programs." Bodybuilding.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


4) Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Exercise: 7 Benefits of Regular Physical Activity." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 23 July 2011. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


5) "Buildmuscle." Bodybuilding.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


6) "Muscle Building Workouts: Build Muscle & Gain Size | Muscle & Strength." Muscle & Strength. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


7) "Muscle & Strength: #1 Muscle Building & Fat Loss Site Supplement Store." Muscle & Strength. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


8) "7 Muscle-Building Mistakes to Avoid." : Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


9) "Cardio Exercises: 5 Steps toward Good Health and Fitness." Following a Cardio Plan for Weight Loss. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.

10) "Cardio for Weight Loss." About.com Exercise. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


11) "How Much Cardio To Lose Weight? Get Better Results In Less Time With This Combo." Get Muscular Get Lean Get Toned Fitness BW RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


12) "Bodybuilding.com - Fat Loss Wars: Cardio Versus Weight Training!" Bodybuilding.com - Fat Loss Wars: Cardio Versus Weight Training! N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


13) "How Often Should You Do Cardio to Lose Weight?" LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


14) "Fitness Questions - Best Cardio Exercises To Lose Weight." Fitness Questions - Best Cardio Exercises To Lose Weight. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.


15) "Cardio Burns More Fat than Weight Lifting." The Chart RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2013.
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Capstone project

My capstone project was to create a guide book about Philadelphia for french people. First I wrote the different parts of my book. After I visited all the places I talk about in the book. For some places I already went there before to start my capstone. So, why did decide to do this particular project? Well I think when you go to another country (for example) it is hard to start to live there without a guide. It can be some of your friends... But when you don't anyone there, a guide book is practice. I think, I learned in this project how to visit a city... How to write something which has to be simple and clear. And the most important for me: I wrote the book in french but in english too. There is two version, one french and one english. And that means I am able to write in english and read in english and talk in english... That was my first goal when I came to USA. I accomplished this goal.

Henri Genty
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Cecelia Baez, Capstone :3

Project link: http://db.tt/Fq5apchH

Student: Cecelia Baez

Mentor: Patricia Pingitore


Topic Summary:

For my senior graduation project, my goal was to create a community event that invited the public to explore the idea of spirituality. To widen and open the perspective of the average America's focal point, and bring them deeper into themselves for internal happiness. Which leads to infinite happiness. 


Project Abstract:

When thinking of what to do, when to do it, how to do it, and feel the ability to do it. You have to feel inside of yourself. What does your core say? It says to be inspired. Be inspired with multiple perspectives. My project was an inspiration of a woman I met 4 years ago. She invoked my interest of feeling deep, but not deep into religion. After meeting her, I met a multitude of interesting teachers and spiritual beings that changed my life! This feeling of sitting for 10 minutes and emptying your thoughts. The emotion of knowing that your have control of your emotions. That there is so much more than this physical world, but a spiritual world deep inside of you. That we are not a soul that inhabits a body, but a body that inhabits a soul. This is our Earth journey. This is the Earth journey I wanted to make open and available for the public. So I reached out to professional teachers. People who have been studying a specific topic their entire life. It has been their lives journey to explore the depths of this. For I know plenty, but they are wiser. I then brought them together to fill class rooms with interest Adults, teens, and children. The vibrational energy was amazing, and it did so much good for many Philadelphian citizens. I was told afterwards to some day create another exhibit like this. For what I offered to the Public needs to be given more often. 


Wise, Edwin. "Chladni Plate." MAKE: Projects. Makezine.com, July 2012. Web. Jan. 2013.I found this source helpful because it was primary instructions onto how I will be building my Chlandi Plate. I used these materials and instructions to build a device that was able to visibly show the vibrations in sound frequency. It taught me that when place a set vibration, such as 12Hz, and placing fine sand on a metal vibration plate, it would form beautiful designs that is similar to what happens in our brains when listening to sound frequency during meditation. This was needed for the section of Sound Frequency that is being spoke about in my exhibit. Instead of speaking, I'd much rather show the audience what it looks like, since, seeing.. is believing. These vibrations put our mind into a trance. &This site did a very well job at making how to do so, possible.



"Astral Projection." YouTube. Ed. Spirit Science. YouTube.com, 18 Jan. 2012. Web. Jan. 2013.This source was very helpful because, it was the key source needed in order to explain Astral Projection. This blue figure really goes into depth about different ways, sources, findings on how to Astral Project. The difference between lucid dreaming and astral project. I feel it's a lot more productive to watch someone teach you, than to read about it in an article with hundreds of words. He makes spirituality and science so much fun! I also used videos of meditation, thought forms, and chakras from him.


"Interdependence." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 28 May 2013. Web. Jan. 2013.This source, not being the MOST reliable did set off a foundation of what I would be working with. Spirituality is not about the connection outside of the body, and looking out of yourself. It's not even about just YOU. It's about looking deeper INTO yourself, and connecting with the people around you. The world isn't a selfish, to yourself community. But an interdependent society that needs each other spiritually to go on intelligently. To begin this project, I needed some sort of foundation on what I believed interdependence is. Either way, the quotes and sources that even came from this one source really gave me some grave insight.


My events site for tickets:

http://eventful.com/philadelphia_pa/events/spirituality-exhibit-/E0-001-056489627-2 (I had about 5 different ones of these!)




Sullivan, John. "A Look At The 7 Chakras." 7chakras. FactStaff.elon.edu, 15 Aug. 2003. Web. 0 Jan. 2013.This source was a HUGE help to me knowing how to define Chakras. I already was very knowledge on Chakras and their duties. But how would I have explained it? It's more a feeling than an explanation. I love this way this man explained each Chakras ability, it's number, where to find it, and how to heal it. I used this source in my project as MY topic of speaking and how I benefit from healthy, well balanced chakras. It's hard to balance a Chakra. But it's only as hard as you allow it to be. I love simple definitions.


LaBate, Anette. "What Is Reiki Healing?" Reiki Spiritual Healing. Healingwithinu.org, n.d. Web. Jan. 2013.This site is not an article, but a website for services. I found this helpful because of the experience this woman provides for people. I used her knowledge in her pieces of blog and her explanation of healing with Reiki. I have had Reiki done to me before and I loved it. It was amazing and I felt everyone should have their own room for their own experience. I actually wanted this woman to speak at my exhibit, but she lived too far away and I ended up finding someone just as amazing! I didn't personally need much research on Reiki, because my teacher that I hired did it all, BUT, I did need to have an idea of how it was done and the things needed to measure Energy. For example I learned through her crystals and spinning a windmill with your hands through energy. Not through motions. It was magical! Just some things I'll be presenting.



The picture is just other of my project, I didn't physically make an object, so I just have a powerpoint I'll be presenting. 



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Marina Musgrove- Pyfrom: Capstone

MarinaMP-Capstone
​Advisor: Zoe Siswick 

Mentor: Karina Hirschfield

Click here to view my project. 

Click here to view Process Paper. 


Abstract:

After my long years here at SLA, I am most proud of my leadership in volleyball. In the beginning of 10th grade I tried out for the volleyball team. It was like I had a natural talent to play. From that day on I fell in love with the sport. Soon after I became a starter. For 11th grade, Coach Hirschfield asked me to be captain. It was definitely an honor to be chosen. However I knew there was a lot of responsibility that came along with being captain.  I did my best for my team and it showed. Hirschfield then made me captain the next year too as well. I was given the responsibility to call incoming freshman, run practices, send emails and etc. Although I am very sad that my last volleyball season is over, moving up to the top division definitely made it worth it. Jokingly, my teammates would play around and say, “I don’t know what we’re going to do without you being captain next year.” I thought about that statement and agreed. No one will be able to feel my shoes next year. However, I came up with a plan to help the volleyball team next year, without being there physically. That’s where my capstone comes in.  My capstone is to create a manual for girls interested in playing high school volleyball. The manual consists of important information, exercises, and etc. Hopefully the manual I create will be used throughout the years to come.


Annotated Bibliography:


  1. "How Does Participating in a Sport Relieve Stress?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/533771-how-does-participating-in-a-sport-relieve-stress/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport relieves stress. They explained that by drawing your concentration toward your activity and away from the responsibilities waiting for you at home and at work will reduce the pressure.
  2. "Do Sports Help Improve Grades?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/506980-do-sports-help-improve-grades/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport improves grades. For certain students, playing a sport can provide motivation for improved academic performance. At most schools there are grade requirements in order to be eligible to play the sport. Therefore, because they have high expectations to follow it drives them to overcome obstacles and improve performance in an academic setting.
  3. "Is It Good for Kids to Play Sports?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/400619-is-it-good-for-kids-to-play-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport has health advantages for athletes. Playing a sport is good because it burns calories, strengthens bones, challenges their cardiorespiratory system and improves flexibility and muscular endurance.
  4. "Do Sports Keep Teens Out of Trouble?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/291502-do-sports-keep-teens-out-of-trouble/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport keeps teens out of trouble. It explained that researchers observed that high-level physical activity is an important part of helping kids develop self esteem. Also it says that a sport introduces your kids to a new group of kids which creates long lasting friendships.
  5. "Are the Kids Who Play Sports Less Likely to Do Drugs?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/228191-are-the-kids-who-play-sports-less-likely-to-do-drugs/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are less likely to use drugs. The article explains that because an athlete has a busy schedule it may interfere with the use of recreational drug. Basically it says because most of their time is dedicated to sports they have no time to engage in using drugs.
  6. "Are Kids Healthier That Play Organized Sports?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/367799-are-kids-healthier-that-play-organized-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are likely to be healthier. It says playing a sport can help and depression.your child's psychological well-being. Participating in a physical activity can reduce anxiety 
  7. "5 Good Reasons to Join Sports." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/511882-5-good-reasons-to-join-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are more likely to have healthier lifestyle. They explained how a study proved female athletes were less likely to engage in sexual behavior. Also both genders report a higher incidence of eating fruits and vegetables than those who are not involved in sports.
  8. "Reasons to Be a Volleyball Player." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/454877-reasons-to-be-a-volleyball-player/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses reasons why you should be a volleyball player. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how playing volleyball enhances the major muscle group in your body. Also the article explains that volleyball can be a fun recreational activity that fosters friendships. Some sports can seem intimidating for new people, however in volleyball players must work together to keep the ball in the air and send it back over the net. Therefore, cooperation is essential for every play, so teammates are there to help each other and interact.
  9. "Traits of a Good Volleyball Player." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/539677-traits-of-a-good-volleyball-player/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses traits of a good volleyball player. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea practice/conditioning and what to expect in the season . An interesting point the article discussed was about how certain traits are required to be a good volleyball player. However, because volleyball is a dynamic sport with a variety of people playing all traits are not needed for one person. It also explains that every player has his or her's strengths and weakness. So the key to winning the game is using each person strengths to take over the court.
  10. "Five Fitness Components for Volleyball." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/509614-five-fitness-components-for-volleyball/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness components needed to succeed in volleyball. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea practice/conditioning and what to expect in the season. An interesting point the article discussed was about how certain traits are required to be a good volleyball player. It described a variety of drills used to enhance skills such as speed, quickness, core strength, lower-body strength and upper-body strength. Also it explained how the ability to combine all those skills on the court in a split second is essential for winning the game.
  11. "Volleyball Footwork Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/146965-volleyball-footwork-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed in volleyball. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. An interesting point the article discussed was about how simple drills can help a volleyball player improve their footwork, focus and agility.
  12. "Volleyball Hitting Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/266492-volleyball-hitting-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. The article explained how hitting is one of the most fundamental aspects in volleyball. Without good hitters, a team will struggle to score and most likely lose.
  13. "Home Volleyball Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/146807-home-volleyball-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. However, what makes this resource special is that it explains the various drills you can do to improve your skills at home. Many volleyball players can practice at home to perfect their technique.
  14. 1. "At Home Volleyball Drills for Beginners." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/110056-home-volleyball-drills-beginners/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. However, what makes this resource special is that it explains the various drills you can do to improve your skills at home. The drills provided in this article are for beginners only. This is perfect for beginner volleyball players so they can practice at home to enhance their technique.
  15. "Volleyball Arm Swing Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/445444-volleyball-arm-swing-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. This resources explains how arm swing drills are designed to improve the power and force behind your spikes and serves during a volleyball game. Strong spikes and serves are key to winning a game. Also the repetition of arm swing drills can help improve your arm strength.



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Dinvil, Sierra Capstone

Something you may not know about me is that I love to bake. Cookies, cakes, pies, anything you name it! This is why for my 4th quarter benchmark I chose to do a blog on baking. Throughout the course of several months I have been experimenting with different baking techniques so that I could not only bake the things that I love but also learn how to bake new things that I haven't mastered yet or never baked before. Overall, I learned a lot about the things that I baked/created and hopefully other people can learn something from my capstone as well.





My Capstone.



ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY


Works Cited

"30 Techniques To Create An Effective Blog." WPWebHost RSS. N.p., 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. I used this source to help me with the content of my blog. Things such as formatting, pictures, how much to write, etc. This source gives tips on how to create a blog that is effective and introduces different techniques on how to approach this. I wasn't already aware of some of these things before, so I find this source to be helpful.


Appleton, Rebecca. "What Makes For An Effective Blog Post?" Search Marketing Standard. N.p., 16 May 2010. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. I used this source to help with the content of my blog. It has a little bit more useful information than some of the other sources I've used for this purpose. Some things are repetitive, but overall I this source is very insightful and is helping me get on the right track for when I actually start my blog.


"Cookie Decorating Tips: King Arthur Flour." Cookie Decorating Tips: King Arthur Flour. King Arthur Flour Company, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. Although this source had a few good tips, it wasn't a very helpful source. It gave cookie decorating tips but only using their products. Before viewing the source I wasn't aware that this was a company giving advice. This caused for the article to be a little biased.


Currah, Alice. "Classic Vanilla Buttercream Frosting." Savory Sweet Life. N.p., 12 Mar. 2010. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. For a couple weeks, I will be working with different icings. One thing I wanted to try was a buttercream icing. This is a potential recipe I could be using for my buttercream icing.


"Decorating Bag Tips." Decorating Tips. Wilton Industries, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. This site just gives me an idea of what kinds of icing bag tips I would need to use in order to ice my cookies and cake a certain way.


"FOOD REVIEW: Sample the Culinary Magic of the next Jamie or Delia." This Is Grimsby. Local World, 9 Mar. 2011. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Since I will be having people review my food, I wanted to research some key points that I should have people touch on. I found this source to be insightful and has definitely given me some good questions to ask when coming up with my food evaluation form.


Frazier, Christine. "How to Make Your Baking Healthy." No Meat Athlete. No Meat Athlete, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. In my science and society class we talked a lot about how to eat healthier. With this being said, I wanted to think of different things I can use when baking to make what I'm baking better for you, yet still tasty. This website helps with this.


"How to Write a Food Review." Article Base. N.p., 8 July 2010. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Since I will be having people review my food, I wanted to research some key points that I should have people touch on. I found this source to be insightful and has definitely given me some good questions to ask when coming up with my food evaluation form.


Johnston, Karlynn. "How To: Make The Best Buttercream Icing." The Kitchen Magpie. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. For my blog I made a batch of cookies. I decided that it would be a good idea to maybe put icing on a few of them. I didn't have any store bought icing, so I came up with the idea of making some myself. This was one of the several recipes that I've found, however I decided to execute this one.


Keyser, Wayne. "Soft, Moist Homebaked Bread That Stays That Way." CHOW. N.p., 24 Dec. 2006. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. I haven't yet used this source, but it will be helpful when I am making my banana bread. It will help me with making my bread more moist which is a problem I have been experiencing in the past.


Murphy, Samantha. "5 Tips to Take Food Photos Good Enough to Eat." Mashable. N.p., 11 Aug. 2012. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. This article gives tips on how to take pictures of foods. This is helpful because when I take pictures of the different things I bake I would like them to come out looking as best as possible. I had no perspective on this before, so now I know of a few different things I can do to visually spruce up the things that I bake.


Nairobi, Kenya. "The Dos and Don'ts of Baking." All Voices. N.p., 27 Apr. 2010. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Although I consider myself a good baker, I don't really know the ins and outs of baking. This source gives me one person's perspective on what to do and not to do when baking. I found this source to be very insightful because it talked several things that I never really thought of.


O'Neal, Janet. "Fruit Pizza Recipe." Taste of Home. Reiman Media Group, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. I already have a recipe that I use to make fruit pizza. However, I wanted to find an alternate idea for the crust. This source gives me an idea on how to alter my crust to hopefully improve it.


Singer, Zoe. "Gluten-Free Recipes and Tips." Epicurious. Condé Nast, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Another thing I wanted to learn about was gluten free baking. I've never done this before and so I am very interested in experimenting with it. This website gives several tips on this topic.


"Strawberry Cream Cheese Frosting Recipe ~ Cupcake Project." Cup Cake Project. N.p., 10 June

2008. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. This is another recipe to add for my icings. This involved using fresh fruit which is something that I wanted to incorporate in my capstone: baking with fresh fruit.


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Morgan Marant Capstone Project

​Abstract

My capstone was a two part portion that included doing two mini-sessions on how to stay in college. The first session took place on August 26,2013 at the school district building. The focus of that session was how to eat healthy and take care of yourself spiritually while in college. The main speaker was my mother Leslie Marant. The turn out was pretty successful, 15 people were in attendance. Many of these students were apart of the Philly Goes 2 College scholars program. My next session is scheduled to take place on Friday, June 7th at Science Leadership Academy. The purpose of my capstone was to take my experiences during the college application process and share it with other students. I also learned a lot from the speakers, so this experience was truly useful to me and hopefully those who attended. 


Capstone Annotated Bib


1. "RAD Self Defense Courses." RAD Self Defense Course » Penn Public Safety. University of Pennsylvania, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


2. Dodge, Allison. "How to Create a Business Conference at a College." Small Business. Houston Chronicle, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


3. "Student Health and Wellness Services." Overview. Spelman College, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


4. "Top 10 Tips for Eating Healthy in College." JDRF Improving Lives Curing Type 1 Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


5. Slide, Casey. "How to Eat Healthy in College." Money Crashers. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


6. Schwab, Nikki. "Self-Defense Classes Gain Popularity on College Campuses." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 19 Aug. 2009. Web. 31 May 2013.


7. "Self Defense for Girls | Things Every College Girl Should Know." Things Every College Girl Should Know RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


8. Berett, Dan. "Research." The Chronicle of Higher Education. N.p., 19 Apr. 2011. Web. 31 May 2013.


9. Lucier, Kelsey Lynn. "How to Stay Organized in College." About.com College Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


10. "12 Tips on Winning a Scholarship." Fastweb. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.

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Christian Gelbolingo Capstone

​Project Statement/Abstract:

For my Capstone, I knew right off the bat that I wanted it to be community service based. Community service is something I feel extremely passionate about and it is something I know I will continue doing even after I graduate from high school. Being involved with BuildOn and MANNA was the most significant experience that I've ever had. Familiarizing myself with both community service organizations has helped me discover what I’d like to do for my forthcoming profession, which is nursing. Initially, after learning that BuildOn would not be working with us this year, I wanted to create a community service group/club targeting underclassmen. I wanted the younger students of SLA to have the same experience that I did and hopefully discover themselves and what they would like to do in the future the same way community service did for me. However; another senior had already come up with the same idea for his capstone, so I had to think of another way to involve community service into my capstone. I had a lot of ideas for what I wanted my capstone to be, but my biggest struggle was narrowing it down. After speaking to countless seniors about what they wanted to do with their capstones, I figured it out. My plan was to target a specific issue, and raise awareness for that issue. The issue could be on a global, domestic, or local scale. I chose to target hunger in Philadelphia because Philadelphia has one of the highest ranks of hunger in the US. My final product is a keynote presentation that explains my community service experience as well as information about hunger and non-profit organizations in Philadelphia to get readers to take action.


Mentor:

Stephanie Dunda


Final product:

Coin Drive and PSA posters about hunger in Philadelphia. (In the keynote presentation)


Annotated Bibliography:

"Christian Gelbolingo Capstone: Annotated Bibliography" or copy and paste "https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1oeKtr-Qe4m8UXAdMPFU-GdLXdA4_qdVw0lkcoypCi6Y/edit?usp=sharing" into your address bar


Process Paper:

"Christian Gelbolingo Capstone: Process Paper" or copy and paste "https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qMnHRiKdJbYldhk7XupPnH32nkqW7LG1x67JYlY2IyY/edit?usp=sharing" into your address bar

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Capstone: Educating Zoo Guests

To view my capstone, please click here.

Abstract: I have loved animals ever since I received my first pet, a dog named Rex. After going on a class trip to the zoo, my interest sprung beyond the point of return. I remember a zoo worker telling my first grade class about ways to help animals in the wild. At that young age, I never realized that certain animals species were in danger of going extinct. However, I did know that it was by obligation to spend my lifetime helping them. When I heard that we would be doing a capstone project, I senses that it would be the perfect opportunity to spread my conservation ideas to people that were willing to help. The obvious place to do this was at the place that I spent my tenth grade ILP, the Philadelphia Zoo. It was my hope that the zoo and I could work together to learn more about zoo visitor statistics and improve the experience of the zoo's educational program accordingly. Thus, I would record the amount of engaged zoo visitors (based on my definition of engaged) at select "exploration stations" scattered throughout the zoo. To compliment this, I took notes on the exploration stations themselves, recording whether information about the animal in discussion was presented in a visual, audio, or other type of format and how successful it seemed to be. After completing this project, I was able to share my useful data with the zoo, which allowed them to take advantage of it for future education methods.
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Water Pump Design Capstone

Abstract

For my capstone I want to redesign the UNICF water pumps that are used in developing countries such as Malawi, Africa. These water pumps are miles away from some families, they are fragile, and they do not provide enough water for all the work that is being put in to pump it. I want to design sturdier and easier to use pumps that will be closer to the families. The reason why I am passionate about this project is from my personal experience in Africa using the pumps. While I was there the pump broke and it took a few minutes to pump a bucket of water. The most horrifying part was that my family was a 45-minute walk from the water pump and some families were even farther.  Water is a pivotal aspect to life and should be easy to access. By producing and perhaps designing a functional water pump, I think that it will show my research and knowledge of engineering. This capstone will also show my growth in building and critical thinking skills.

The design I had in mind for my capstone was to design water pumps that have multiple purposes and I ened up with a pump that is similar to a soccer goal. When the ball hits the panels it will generate energy and power a piston. That piston will bring up ground water, that will be drinkable due to the ceramic filtering. I have the complete design on google sketch up ( with the link to dropbox is below).

 
Click to Download my Capstone 


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Michelle Torelli, Capstone 2013


Mentors(s): Ms.Echols, VK

  Plastics are essential throughout the world. There are no alternatives other than polymerized materials. Changes can be made to the current practices of plastics. Experiments were held to test durability, bond energy, and surface/optimizing calculations to make biodegradable water bottles. I chose this project because not only for my passion for engineering, but my passions for revolutionizing our world through different lenses. Whether it be language, bottles, engineering, etc; the world can change. I really enjoyed this project because I can use my skills that I've learned at SLA and implement it in my capstone, something that SLA encourages for all its students. Attached will be a single link.

Link to my whole capstone (process paper, research paper and product, bibliography):

Click HERE 


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Thenry Capstone

Abstract: 

The purpose of this project was to help me gain a better understanding of computer coding.  I've always been interested in the process that goes into making things appear on a computer screen or within  a window on a program when playing video games.  I decided to try my hand at making a game with help from my four day a week computer science class.  Since I decided to use processing™ I gained more experience using a computer language based on Java.  Through the process of thinking of a game to make and then writing the code for it, I believe that I am more prepared for my intended major which may involve coding with a language like java.



This is where my bibliography can be found :

https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1ryBHsZrFZJXTpXVt9EJKlDeVtCim5uLV2noDoPdyajU/edit?usp=sharing

Here is the project that I wrote code into for my capstone: 

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/2205990/application.macosx.zip

^the football game^




https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/2205990/Spacey.zip

^spacey^



Below are several screenshots :
Screen Shot 2013-05-29 at 2.49.14 PM
Screen Shot 2013-05-31 at 10.01.58 PM
Screen Shot 2013-05-31 at 10.02.09 PM
Screen Shot 2013-06-09 at 11.45.57 PM
Screen Shot 2013-06-09 at 11.46.21 PM
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Capstone Magazine

http://www.joomag.com/magazine/slaq/0447023001368991221

Link to Process Paper: https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1pK_1awgAq83UI3TtxaSn639bqPHPGL5aLDAlYPUIlWc/edit?usp=sharing
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Yasmeen Brownlee Capstone

​Link to Website

Link to Google Doc

Physical things:
-Photo Album
-Sketch Book

Computer was frozen for two days:
Process Paper
    For this senior project called a capstone I was able to choose a topic that interested me that I wanted to create my own project on. The topic that I choose was drawing as well as photography, which I explored in many different ways. First was that I had three different camera as well as different methods and mediums for taking pictures, one was film and the other was digital. Also after I had taken the picture I later tried my best at drawing the image, sometimes inking it up or plain coloring it in.
    I chose this project firstly because during the summer I had recently bought myself a professional grade DSLR camera for my love of taking pictures. Also because I bought this new DLR I wanted to put it to use, and I believed adding my talents as a photographer and an artist was a way to push myself to new limits and further my ability.
    This project covers the SLA core values because of the many components involved. The first value inquiry was involved when I was researching different photographers as well as how to take different types of images. Which was very interesting because of the vast amount of information I was able to uncover. Also another core value is collaboration, which was covered through my mentor Mr. Herman who is a photographer and he gave me plenty of tips on how to take pictures. Also my Uncle Sultan who showed me some of the basics of drawing and what I needed to change in my images. Reflection played a role after the whole process as well as during when I questioned the quality of my images and how I could do better. Also in the end when I reviewed everything that I did and though about what I would do differently. Presentation played it’s part in this project when I photoshopped some of my images, as well as creating a website to present my images on.
    I took a lot of steps in trying to complete this project first was trying to figure out what exactly I would photograph or take pictures of. Another was making the website so that my images would be visible to many more people than myself.
    I didn’t encounter that many obstacles throughout this project, but I was able to overcome most of them. One obstacle was the fact that I myself wanted to learn and develop the film I took on my own but I was never able to do that so I just went to CVS and processed the film that way.
    First of all I used WIX which is a site to create websites, in which I used to create my own website. Another was My mentor as well as advisor and I relied on him for tips and information on what to do with my pictures as well as how to take them. I also us Photoshop to edit pictures that I took for the better or worse, so that I could see which I liked better. I relied on my mom for buying me the materials that I needed like a photo album to put pictures as well as a photo printer. I used a Canon Selphy printer to print all of my digital images, which came out in fabulous quality
    I am most proud of the quality of my pictures over time and how far I was able to come from not even knowing how to use my DSLR camera. I am proud of the places I was able to travel to with my camera so that not only I could capture the site in an image, but I was able to enjoy myself. I’m proud that I impressed people that I was able to get my first paid gig as a photographer of my baby cousin, and how happy I made the mother with the quality of my pictures.
    I learned so much from this process I’m almost not sure where to begin and what I learned the most. First I learned how to come pretty close to mastering what a Nikon DSLR camera can do in my hands as well as the quality of my pictures that won’t hesitate in its increasing ability of my photography. I learned how to create my own website, while adding my own unique touch that made it look like no other. I learned how to use a telephoto lens in low light as well as action settings. I learned to always charge my battery because the best things happen when you can’t even use your camera. I learned how to set up and use a wireless printer, that can be used from a phone as well as from and inserted memory card.
    If I were  to do this capstone all over the first thing I would do is find a way to develop my own film so I could get the experience that I truly desire. I would also try and narrow down on what it was that I would be taking photographs of because it would have been a lot easier to study as well as perfect. I would have taken many more pictures in film, so that I could explore old and vintage as well as how it effects the image. I would have brought a waterproof camera to get some amazing underwater shots. I would have also saved up to buy a telephoto lens so that I could practice with it, also so I didn’t have to be so close to the subjects I would be photographing.
    This is a tricky question I guess SLA ins a better place because I am helpful to many and attitude towards life influences everyone to do better. Also I took on the projects head on even though I may have stumbled a few times the SLA community including the staff helped to steady me back upright on my feet. I wasn’t afraid to join a group I don’t normally work or interact with and take charge. I utilized most of the things handed out to us like staying after for help on work, or just to understand teachers. I was able to leave an impression on the future generation, the fact that I was able to help the freshman while they also felt comfortable asking me questions.



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Qmalik Capstone

Link to my Process Paper

Link to my Presentation (:

For my senior Project I decided to make a visual compare and contrast of Pakistani and American Culture. There are two reasons of why I chose this for my capstone project. One is that being living in USA, I must have enough knowledge about American culture and traditional values and their histories. The second one is that I always wanted to teach other about Pakistan so I decided to do this project. Me and my sister conducted a deep and thorough research about these two entirely different cultures in the world. Since it was hard to include and portray each and every factor that makes up the culture of both countries, I made three canvases which show three main differences in between these two cultures. I tried my best to make them not look like a kid's art work because I did painting for the first time so it was difficult to make them look like more realistic.

 Bibliography

1.  "Trendpak." : Trend of Culture Pakistan. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://trendpak.blogspot.com/2011/04/trend-of-culture-pakistan.html>.


This source provides information about the culture of Pakistan. The information based on cultures and traditions is divided into the sections of all four provinces which then include the total mass, population, languages and dresses of each province. Although I already knew a lot of information provided in this resource but it still helped me in refreshing of all that information in my mind. It is very effective resource because it includes the portraits and paintings of culture which is really helpful for me because of same idea of painting for this project. In short, it provided me enough information and helped in organizing the ideas.


2.   Kwait, Derek M. Differences between Pakistan & the U.S. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.ehow.com/info_8529305_differences-between-pakistan-usa.html>.


           One limitation of this source was that it just discussed about religion, government, culture, education and women. There are many other components out there which can be added to enhance the complexity and information of the source and give the reader more information besides above components. Overall I would say, this source was a good one to share and compare the two countries, who are religiously and culturally different. Still I am able to gather the things which are required for my project.


3.   Pavri, Tinaz. "Countries and Their Cultures." Pakistani Americans. Jrank, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013

<http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Pakistani-Americans.html>.


I selected this source because its beyond the discussion of Pakistani culture. It not only talks about the simple term"Culture" but divides the components which make the culture together such as cuisine, traditional dresses, languages, dances and songs, holidays and celebrations, families and community dynamics, weddings and funerals, religion and etc. Besides this, it also talks a little about the history and immigration wave before partition. This source can help a lot in collecting a lot of ideas to start off with the project.


4. "Culture of Unites States." Martinfrost.ws. Martinfrost, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/american_culture.html>.


Similar to the upper one (based on the components that add up to make a culture), this source discusses is very beneficial to gather ideas. But the only difference is that this one is about the Culture of the United States. It also have important and well organized ideas which make up culture of U.S. Names, food, popular culture, technology, sports, clothing, education, language, religion, jobs, housing, relationships, gender roles etc, are discussed very thoroughly in this source which is the proof of reliability of this source.


5. "US Culture." Kwintessential.co.uk. Kwintessential, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/usa.html>.


I really liked this source because it not just keep talking about the above components of culture including language but also goes beyond to them and discusses about the etiquettes of business, dining, greetings, giving gifts, communication, which is very interesting to learn about. Other than this it also includes the facts and statistics about location, capital, population, climate and diversity. This source is different than others because of the reason that I discussed above. It also helped me in getting to know about the etiquettes of different classes in U.S.


6. "Over 55 Years’ Experience of English Language Teaching." St Giles International. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.stgiles-international.com/forms/General_cultural_information_usa.pd>.


This document gives information about American customs, and discusses those points which are obviously different than other cultures and traditions. It gives a very detailed information about the manners of people at different places such as on road, public transportations, crosswalks, social behaviour, “Excuse me” and contact. The reason why I chose this is because it is different than other documents and gives information which is very detailed and also discussed in an organized manner.


7. "Culture and Ethnic Groups | USA.gov." Culture and Ethnic Groups | USA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/History-Culture.shtml>.


This source gives information about not only American culture including folklife, holiday, social and cultural history, facts about American flag, but also about African American history and culture, Asian American history and culture, Hispanic and Latino history and culture and native Americans history and culture. This source doesn’t help a lot but still it can be said that this source can be used for this project to learn different histories and cultures of United States.


8. "Pakistan Culture." Kwintessential.co.uk. Kwintessential, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/pakistan.html>.


Similar to one of the above resources, this one also discusses about the facts and statistics of Pakistani language, culture and religion. It also gives knowledge about the etiquettes of different classes just like in America. The whole resource is classified into sub-sections which then give information about location, populations, ethnic makeup, religions, society and culture (Islam, family and hierarchical society), etiquettes and customs. It also gives knowledge about the etiquettes of dining, business and gift giving etc, which is really helpful and also marks this source as a reliable source.


9. Kartha, Deepa. "The Culture of Pakistan." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<.http://www.buzzle.com/articles/the-culture-of-pakistan.html>.


This source tells about the culture, architecture, art , literature and social culture. Tells that pakistani culture is not limited to urdu but a lot of work written in language. Specially government paper matters and laws are written in english. About social culture that mostly Pakistanis are conservative in nature, In short it gives a lot information for their beleifs and thoughts.


10. "Pakistan Culture." , Pakistan State Culture, Pakistani Culture, Tourism. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://pakistan.saarctourism.org/pakistan-culture.html>.


This tourism website gives information about Pakistan; its culture and places. The reason why I chose this because it provides information about history and mainly culture to attract tours to make a visit of the country. I just wanted to use this source because of the reliability of this website which is very significant in order to judge a source.


11. ":: PAKISTAN CULTURE :: Ministry of Culture ... Government of Pakistan ::." :: PAKISTAN CULTURE :: Ministry of Culture ... Government of Pakistan ::. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.pakistanculture.org/index1.php


I selected this source because of many reasons. This is a website of Pakistani culture which just provides information and knowledge of each and everything and every culture’s information. This one source is enough for getting all knowledge of Pakistani culture such as Pakistani people and land, historical perspectives, cultural heritage and archaeological heritage.


12. "American Culture through Painting." Library.csi.cuny.edu. Library.csi, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/335/02ATArtworks.pdf>.


One limitation of this source is that it just gives description and understanding of American culture through painting and sculptures. Besides this, there are many things which could be added to increase its reliability. Although it provides some portraits and paintings of American culture but those are not enough for understanding for my project but still it gives me a little idea of what my painting should look like and how should I reflect culture in drawings.


13. "Prof. A. R. NAGORI." Prof. A. R. Nagori. N.p., 30 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.arnagori.com/works/category/2-return-to-sphinx.html>.


This one is an official website of a Pakistani artist A.R Nagori which includes his paintings about every topic. I chose this one because it does have paintings about different cultures of Pakistan which is really helpful because those paintings give me ideas of how a typical cultural painting should look like. Examples of paintings include landscapes of Thar, village and Karachi city.


14. "Architecture of USA." Wikipedia.org. Wiki, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_the_United_States>.


Wikipedia gives a lot of useful information about any topic or issue or whatever. This is a wikipedia source which is about the architecture of United States. I would be including architecture of both countries. Therefore I chose this source because it provides me information about the architecture of U.S. I already have enough information of Pakistani architecture which is why I didn’t include any source for Pakistani architecture. In short, it has enough detailed information about U.S architecture and its developments since its history.


15.  Evans, Marrion Boddy. "Learn to Paint: Your First Ever Painting." About.com Painting. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2013.

<http://painting.about.com/od/paintingforbeginners/a/first_painting.htm>.

I looked up for such sources and selected this one because it gives me enough information about how to paint. It also points out some strategies to begin with the painting including materials, decisions, steps, finding ideas, safely usage of colors etc and etc. This is so helpful because it provides information for beginners and I needed this information because I am going to do painting for the first time.


Here is the collage of paintings I drew
Enjoy!!!
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