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Negative Space Reflection

Negative space is the background of any object. If you are drawing a bowl, you would draw the outline of the shape, then shade in any space outside the outline of the bowl. The shaded area is the negative space. In my cutout, I found the negative space by removing the dark pieces of the template, which was what wasn't being focused on in the picture. In my still life drawing, I drew the outline of the shapes the way I could see them. A lot of times shapes overlapped. Next, I shaded in all the areas that weren't occupied by shapes. It helps an artist to see negative space because they can focus on the actual shapes of objects and how important the angle from which they are drawing from is. Seeing negative space enhances my drawings because it helps me understand how to draw things that are behind other objects. Also, it enhances the different shapes that are created by objects. 
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Negative Space- Rafi Hares

    A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it)
Whenever people draw something sometimes they have leftover space that really doesn't have any purpose. Using negative space while drawing helps turn that excess space into something to better exemplify the actual art found in the picture.

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out? I found the negative space if my cut out by cutting out my drawing with the green paper as my frontal and cutting it out again with the black paper to represent the negative space. 2. in your still life drawing? In my still life drawing I shaded in a whole page and erases parts of black space until it looked like my drawing.

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

When an artist is drawing simply one object they have seen in real life the leftover space does not represent nothing, it represents the area in which the art inhabits. Using negative space artists can better visualize what environment their art is in and it helps everything flow more smoothly as opposed to not using negative space.

    D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why no

It does enhance drawing because you are able to see what empty space their is in the actual object's area. Furthermore negative space gives your drawing a very cool appeal because it uses two colors which contrast (like white and black) giving the entire artwork more depth.

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Negative Space- Greta Haskell

​1. Negative space is when you draw the outline of what you are drawing and instead of coloring the thing in you color outside the lines to show the shape of the object. 

2. I found negative space in my drawing by first drawing the outline and then comparing it to the real life object and coloring where there was nothing there, just air. I found negative space in my cut out by looking where there was dark space in the template. 

3. It helps an artist to see negative space because they can train themselves on perspective and detail. Once you know how to draw negative space it is easier to see how to draw things. 

4. I think seeing negative space enhances the drawings because you can see more perspective and it looks more detailed and three dimensional. 
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Negative Space Reflection/Blog:

  A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it) 
Negative space is the space around the object that is not being used or in between it.

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

I found negative space because when I was cutting out the paper I saw the spaces that are blank where the negative space could be and the positive space. Also when I was drawing the objects I saw the spaces in between the objects.

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

It helps them draw better and probably with 3D. 

    D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

Yes, it does enhance their drawings because it looks better and cool. It brings out the color in the picture.

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Negative Space Reflection

When looking at a picture  negative space is the areas not occupied by something. It is the empty space in a drawing. 

In my still life drawing I found the negative space by not focusing so much on the actual chairs, but the spaces in and around the chairs. In the cut out I looked at the template and focused on the lighter shade of gray and used that as my negative space.

It helps an artist perfect their drawings. It can also help artist create their drawings, negative space can turn something from a simple drawing to an optical illusion. 

Seeing negative space helps enhance a drawing because with a
 drawing actively observing negative space there is more to look at. 
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Negative Space-Huzaifah Malik

1) ​What's negative space?

Negative space is the space around and between the subjects of an image.

2) Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your stool drawing?

 I found negative space by cutting out the parts of the bird, so the shade can be revealed easily.​ In my other drawing I found negative space by shading it and it is kinda brain teaser. 

3) Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

Well I think that its tricky and sometimes its brain-teaser too. It makes more easier to see.

4) Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not

I think that seeing in negative space enhances drawings because it makes the drawing easier to see.

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Q4 Benchmark: Othello Journals

Dylan Long
English Journals

English Journal #1

The entire time, Iago is speaking to both Desdemona and Cassio. His soliloquy will be cut off by Desdemona.


"She that was ever fair and never proud,

Had tongue at will and yet was never loud,

Never lacked gold and yet went never gay,

Fled from her wish and yet said “Now I may,”

She that being angered, her revenge being nigh,

Bade her wrong stay and her displeasure fly,

She that in wisdom never was so frail

To change the cod’s head for the salmon’s tail,

She that could think and ne'er disclose her mind,

See suitors following and not look behind,

She was a wight, if ever such wights were—"

I believe him to be speaking in a smooth and passionate voice, with possible slight hand gestures. He is also speaking towards the audience, so his body would be half facing the audience and half facing the two other characters. On stage, an actor can  never have his back turned to the audience because then the audience both cannot see his expression or gestures, but more importantly can't hear them. Iago could possibly be slowly walking about the stage while he describes to Desdemona the woman he would praise. During this soliloquy, he does not change emotion or mood, he sticks to his suave tone. He might gaze up to the sky or do something deep because he is talking very passionately. When Desdemona cuts him off (in the context), he will turn to face directly her to hear what she is saying.

English Journal #2

In Act II, Scene I. Cassio gets rather flirty and hands on with Desdemona.

In Act II, Scene III. Cassio gets in a brawl with Montano and stabs him.

Cassio observes first hand that everything is alright. He is not confronted about flirting with Desdemona, and he can't even think straight when he's extremely drunk and fighting Montano. However, after the brawl, he becomes deeply ashamed because he loses his lieutenancy.

Up until the brawl, Cassio observes that he is apparently doing a good job being Othello's lieutenant, as he is still receiving praise from him. Iago either doesn't talk to him or lies to him so that he doesn't blow him plan. Cassio also observes a lack of being told to stop flirting with Desdemona, so he continues to do so. Iago does notices it, but does not tell him. This is because he can use it against Cassio as part of his plan.

I think in Cassio's instance, we can see that he honestly is inexperienced and a little oblivious to his surroundings in general. Sure, all the characters are being either sneaky or non-confrontational, but he is making very bold mistakes. His motivation is geared towards being a good lieutenant but we can better understand that he is too immature and foolish to be a good lieutenant.

English Journal #3

Michael Cassio was the protege of a famous war veteran named Armin Van Buuren. Armin had won many battles all throughout Venice during his adulthood, and Venice needed a new powerhouse war soldier. Armin spotted Michael on the streets of Venice and had the gut feeling that he would make an amazing soldier. He took Michael under his wing and taught him everything that a soldier needed to know. Michael was then released into the streets of Venice being a freelancing lieutenant. Othello spotted Michael and had the same gut feeling that Armin first had about Michael. Othello took Michael under his wing just like Armin did and Michael became his lieutenant. However, as the years passed with Michael being Othello's lieutenant, Michael became cocky and began to try less and less. He still remained a high-ranked lieutenant, but he eventually lost all of his experience and skills and became an inexperienced lieutenant. This is how he starts out in the play, and this is why.

English Journal #4

For Cassio, I am going to try to do some things the entire time, and other at only certain times. For the entire duration of my scene, I want to try to use not a full on british accent, but I want to use an accent other than my normal accent. I want to make myself into an actual character, so I want to use a different voice. I also want to not slouch and sit there and do nothing. I am a lieutenant so I will stand straight and stand tall.

I am going to be wielding either small pieces of armor or a dagger.

Our group is going to stand out from the others in terms of level of intensity. There is a very intense fight scene between Roderigo and I, and it will be stunning and captivating throughout. In addition, we are going to own our characters and make sure that the audience can't get enough of us.

English Journal #5

"You rogue! you rascal! A knave teach me my duty! I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle!" {Striking Roderigo}. This line (and sequence if you may) is important to the play. Specifically, it is key to the development of Iago's plan to gain revenge on Othello. Before this line, Iago sends Roderigo charging at a drunk Michael Cassio, causing them to get into a very intimate altercation. This is important to the play because with Cassio being the instrument of revenge against Othello, Iago sets Cassio up to be frowned upon by everybody, to be mistrusted. Othello is the one who handpicked Cassio, and by making Cassio look like a fool, he is also making Othello's judgement look very flawed. This is just another piece of the puzzle in Iago's plan. This line is important, and the importance was shown in how I delivered it. I made Cassio extremely intoxicated and extremely aggressive, so that I could make sure he would be frowned upon.

Our group's performance went exactly as we had rehearsed it. I am very proud of how we delivered our lines, stayed in character the entire time, and how structured and prepared our entire scene was. Personally, if I were to do something different, I would choose to have brought in a more obvious prop. I don't think many people saw my fake dagger.

Performing the play helped me understand more in-depth of Iago's individual sections of his plan, and how they came together. Specifically, in my scene, acting it out helped me realize what was going on, the alibis, and motives behind everything. When you experience something first hand, it makes everything much more clear.

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Negative Space

What is negative space?

a. Negative space is the empty space, space around an object or form.

Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

b. The way I found negative space in my cut out was very easy. I look at the opposite color and I knew that the cut out was suppose to be a reflection of the original picture. The way I found negative in the still life drawing was kinda difficult, because there were lines involved and gaps that I necessarily didn't know if they were negative or not. 

Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

c. I think that negative space could help an artist because they can observe the actual picture to more in length, it helps define the object and help create interest and contrast. 

Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

d. Seeing in negative space enhance drawings because it gives objects their own space to express themselves, increases accuracy in the picture. It gives the viewer a sense of comfort, and an easy clear understanding to where everything is. 


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Negative Space Project

​Negative Space:

1. Negative space is the empty space, between and around the subject of the image.

2. In my cutout I found negative space by cutting out the image and then keeping the paper that I used to cut the image out of. In my still life drawings, I found the negative space by coloring everywhere where the image is not.

3. It helps an artist to see the negative spaces in a drawing because the artist can better figure out how to use all the space provided.

4. I would say seeing in negative space makes a drawing just as effective as a regular drawing. All negative space does is change the perspective of the drawing. It is the artist's preference and it also depends on what the artist is trying to display.
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Bundy, Kenyatta- Othello Benchmark Journals

Kenyatta Bundy Jr 

Benchmark Journal #1 

"Now will I question Cassio of Bianca,

A huswife that by selling her desires

Buys herself bread and clothes. It is a creature

That dotes on Cassio, as ’tis the strumpet’s plague

To beguile many and be beguiled by one.

He, when he hears of her, cannot refrain

From the excess of laughter. Here he comes.

                                                        Enter Casio

As he shall smile, Othello shall go mad.

And his unbookish jealousy must construe

Poor Cassio’s smiles, gestures, and light behavior

Quite in the wrong. —How do you now, lieutenant?"


During this section, Iago talks to the audience, as well as at one point to Cassio. These are 2 completely different audiences, and would need to talk differently and face totally different places in order to show exactly who it is that he's directing that part of the soliloquy. From "Now I will question Cassio", to "Poor Cassio’s smiles, gestures, and light behavior Quite in the wrong" he should be facing the audience, and talking in a way in which he does not want everyone else to hear, especially considering the fact that Cassio is walking over to him and he would not want him to hear. After the final part, he would turn his body towards the incoming Cassio, and talk to him directly, in a normal tone in order to not only be heard, but to make sure that everything seems completely normal and casual. 



Benchmark Journal #2 


An important scene in which he occurs in is the first act, scene 1, in which Iago and Roderigo "inform" Brabantio of Desdemona's departure, and eloping with Othello, aka the Moor. Another scene in which Brabantio is in is Act 1, Scene 2. In this scene Brabantio talks to, and accuses Othello of putting a spell on Desdemona. 


First Hand Observations: During Scene 1, Brabantio sees Iago, and Roderigo telling him how his daughter ran away with the Moor. At this time it seems as though Iago and Roderigo are "doing the right thing" for him, and his daughter. They seem to be doing him a favor. During Scene 2, Brabantio witnesses Othello defending himself, and at this point Brabantio believes Iago and Roderigo over anything, and is not willing to listen to Othello. Brabantio is getting 2 different stories, and believes that Othello actually put a spell on Desdemona in order to make her fall in love with him. 

Second Hand Observations: During Scene 1, Iago and Roderigo tell Brabantio that his daughter has ran away with a black man, known as the Moor. They are telling him that he has "lost his soul", and has been disrespected as well as dishonored by his daughter, who ran away to get married. During Scene 2, Othello tells Brabantio that he loves, and really cares for Desdemona, and yes that they are indeed married, but he only put the simple spell of dramatic love on Desdemona, which isn't actually a spell. 


Understanding Character's Motivation: The way that we could understand the character's motivations better when we concentrate only on their scenes is, focusing only on their scenes allows us to understand exactly what it is that they themselves were thinking, as well as the different things that would cause them to think this way. Normally we read the entire story, and think about everything that is going on, and often do not understand why they may do the things that they do, not thinking about the fact that they do not know all of the things that are going on around them, unlike we do. 



Benchmark Journal #3



When Emilia was young she never had very many friends. She was an only child, of a somewhat poor family, with a maid mother, and a lumberjack father. Over her childhood she was pretty happy, and somewhat of a normal child, that is until the day that changed it all. When she was 13 years old she walked home alone one day, due to the strange occurrence of her mother not showing up at her school to pick her up. But Emilia had memorized her way from the school to her house so she walked home without much of a problem. Once she got home though she quickly realized why it was that her mother did not come and pick her up. When she got back she found her father standing over her mother's dead body, having murdered her. From this point on she no longer truly trusted any man that is until she met "honest Iago". He made her feel like things could be different, and that not all men were completely terrible. She reached a true peak of happiness when she met the fair, and beautiful, Desdemona. Immediately upon meeting her she was infatuated by her beauty, not aware of the fact that this infatuation came solely from Desdemona's resemblance to Emilia's mother. 



Benchmark Journal #4

It took a while to develop my character, and separating her from myself, especially considering I'm a guy, playing a girl. When it comes to my tone of voice when I go to play her, I understand that I do not need to try to actually sound like a girl, I just need to act as if I am traumatized after finding my mistress murdered by her husband. Their are a few different movements that I will do, such as moving my arms while talking, but this will simply be due to the fact that it's what I naturally do while talking, and it is also what I see a lot of other people doing; especially females; do while they are angry. 

When it came to expressing this anger and pure emotion with props, I personally am not taking the same approach to props as some other groups are. Especially not like the other groups with guys who are playing girls, who have decided to stuff their shirts. I personally plan on wearing a bandana, and an apron. This is due to the fact that my character, Emilia, is basically somewhat of a maid, so the apron is obvious, and the bandana is their to somewhat symbolize the strength she exudes throughout the play, especially during my scene when confronting Othello. With that said, there are a few things that I believe, will make my group’s presentation stand out from the others. The main thing being my energy once I begin to play my role. Another thing that will make my group standout is the simple fact that we have a female playing a male role, and a male playing a female. This is completely opposite and will make ours different than every other group, besides the one other group who is also set up like this. Something that we have agreed on as a group for our scene is the simple movement around the "stage", as well as the set up of our bodies for the most climatic part of our scene. 



Benchmark Post-Performance Journal


            The entire Gold stream production of Othello is finally over, and I personally am proud of the entire class, especially the lonely group of Nia and I. Our scene; in which Emilia discovers Desdemona murdered, and Othello having killed her; is one of the most dramatic, and important scenes in the play. There are many lines, that come from Othello, as well as Emilia, that are of importance to the play, but the one that stands out the most to me is; “ If he say so, may his pernicious soul rot half a grain a day! He lies to the heart: she was too fond of her most filthy bargain.” This line is said by Emilia and has more importance than it actually seems. At this point in the play, Emilia has just realized that Iago is responsible for the entire murdering of Desdemona as well as his overall sociopathic ways throughout this time frame. At this point she knows that her own husband had used her, and she cannot take it. This is also the point in which Othello knows for sure that Desdemona did not actually cheat on him, and his only reaction is to pull out his sword on a woman, and threaten to kill her as well. This simple line has much deeper meaning than the text would imply. During my performance, I personally portrayed this in an angry manner as well as with disgust. This line, as well as my group’s entire scene, went exactly as we planned overall. Although there were very few mistakes that we came across, we pushed through, and gave an overall amazing performance, and I am very proud of us. The only thing that I could say I would have done differently is simply trying harder to memorize our lines, simply so that our papers would not have been in the way, and we would have been able to express ourselves better. This entire process allowed for me to truly dive into the play, and understand things in it, that I may not have understood the first time reading it. Like some of the things that were said in the Shakespearean language, I did not completely understand the line; “Cassio did top her; ask thy husband else. O, I were damn’d beneath all depth in hell, but that I did proceed upon just grounds to this extremity. Thy husband knew it all.” Said by Othello during our scene, but after rehearsing it, and listening, and paying attention to the context around that line, I was able to understand what was being said throughout that line, and how it related to everything else in the scene. In this quote Othello is saying, that Iago knew everything that was going on, and it was his Iago’s fault that everything happened with Desdemona, and that he did it because he believed he was justified. This overall experience was amazing for me, and I was happy to be able to be a part of this entire process. 

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Negative Space-Lauren Hummel

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1. Negative space in the space around an object that is made up of various shapes and sizes. For example if you have a vase and you want to have a negative space drawing, you would place the vase and get a perspective you are happy with and then, shade the space around it. In the end you would have shading that outlines what looks like a vase.
2. I found negative space in my cutout by putting the template over a piece of construction and cutting out the black pieces and considering them the negative space that would eventually create the illusion of a house.
I found the negative space in my still life by blocking out all of the objects that are real. That allowed me to see only the spaces that needed to be darkened. At least that is what I tried to do, but it didn't work out as well as I had hoped.
3. It helps an artist to see negative space because it allows them the get different perspective and when you are an artist a good perspective can be the difference between a piece of art and a piece of not as nice art. It also teaches artists to draw abstract shapes which can be very helpful throughout their career.
4. Seeing in negative space does enhance drawing sometimes.It makes some pieces more abstract and therefore more appealing to a greater variation of people. At the same time, it can also make images more confusing, making it harder to understand the drawing.

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Negative Space Reflection

    A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it)

Negative space is the shapes and area where there is not an object. For example, if you lay your hand on a table, the negative space would be the space in between each finger and all the table around your hand. If your hand is the positive space, the table is the negative space. 

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

1. I found negative space in my cut out drawing by finding the opposite of the positive space, and mirroring the background on one side to become the green on the other. 

2. In my still live drawing I found the negative space by changing the focus of my eyes and blurring out the positive space, to make it easier to focus on the space that was not the object. 

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

When an artist sees negative space, it gives them another perspective on the subject of their drawing. In addition to drawing the positive image, they draw the negative images, which increases accuracy and the complexity of the drawing and of the artists eye.

    D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

Seeing in negative space does enhance the drawing, because it adds another dimension to a piece of art. The viewer can look at the positive space, the negative space, and see all shapes and concepts instead of one concrete idea. Understanding how objects interact in a space is important to understand art and drawing and understanding the world at large.

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Negative Space

Negative space is the space behind the object. For example, if you put your hand on a whiteboard and you trace it, the negative space will be the space around the hand. I found my negative space for my cutout drawing by matching the background paper to the template and cutting out the template. 



 For my regular still life drawings, I found the negative space by drawing the shape of the objects and then shading around it. I also tried to shade around the objects instead of drawing it before it. That tactic didn't work so well. 

Negative space helps an artist draw something because if you are doing a print, you need to know the negative space to make the print have what on the paper. 

    I think that seeing negative space, if done right can be quite beautiful and it would help your understanding when you are drawing something complicated. 

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Negative Space Drawing

  A. What is negative space (explain this concept to a fourth grader that has never heard of it)?

 Negative space is the space that is between and around an object. Usually negative space can be expressed in two colors. There are no details given in negative space when looking at the object or background, but only an outline.

    B. Explain how you found negative space in 1. your cut out?, 2. in your still life drawing?

I found the negative space by paying attention to the color differences. The image that I cut out only had two colors. The background was black while the object (in this case a tree), was a light grey. You couldn't see the details of a tree except a simple outline. In the still life drawing, I created the outline based on the lack of detail the object in a negative space drawing requires. The object needed to be identified, but doesn't need the detail.

    C. Why does it help an artist to see in negative space?

It can help the artist indentify the object they are focusing on and pay more attention to it.

  D. Does seeing in negative space enhance drawings, why or why not?

They do in fact. Seeing negative space can bring out the main subject of a drawing, especially if they were originally just blending in.
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Drawing Negative Space

Negative Space is drawing the outline of an object without drawing the detail in it.
I found negative space by first drawing the outline of each object I saw. For my negative space cut out project, I chose to do a tree. I cut out the half of the tree then I used the excess cut outs for the other side. 

Negative Space is important because it helps the artist know what he is drawing even without the detail. Even without the detail, he can still make the shape similar to the object. It helps see what the actual shape looks like, giving it creativity from another point of view.
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Rush Underestimates, Pays Price; Rocket Wins 7th Straight

Before the first pitch was thrown, Rush's Short Stop nonchalantly asked his teammates where they were going to celebrate after beating up SLA. Four inning innings later he was chirping at SLA's 3rd Base Coach claiming they weren't showing class by running hard on the base paths to build a 10-run lead. The innings in between his two comments were a textbook example of how psychological the game of Baseball can be, why Rush fell out of C division last year and how the Rockets continue to surge. 

After striking out the first two batters he faced, Rush's starter- Anthony Moore- walked Jeff Schwartz on four pitches, became visibly frustrated when he stole second, and seemed to lose his composure when called for a Balk. Schwartz was awarded third and easily scored on the next pitch when Kevin Courtney ripped one through that same Short Stop to make it 1-0. 

The psychological impact of a run scoring without a hit continued to unnerve Moore who was called for a total of three Balks in the game. The second put Mike Sanders in scoring position and Moore uncorked a wild pitch allowing him to reach 3rd. Although Sanders didn't score, the scene was foreshadowing for what would unfold in the third and fourth innings where the Rockets would score 11 times.

Moore threw hard, but the Rockets were patient the second time around the order. Ethan Reese fought off a bunch of pitches, eventually ripping a single up the middle and Abe Musselman was hit squarely in the back to reach 1st. With the runners moving, Jeff Schwartz notched his 31st and 32nd RBIs of the season on a rip into Center. Schwartz advanced to 2nd when Rush's defense tried to throw out Musselman at the plate. Kevin Courtney continued his hot hitting with an RBI (19) single to Center, making it 4-0. Mike Sanders came back in to pinch run, stole 2nd and 3rd and then scored on Nick Manton's groundout to the right side to make it 5-0. 

Rush got 1 run back off 3 consecutive singles, but Nick Manton, who remained perfect on the season in 4 appearances by striking out 7 and only issuing 1 Walk, got some great defense from Mike Sanders whose catch in Right stranded runners on 2nd and 3rd. The Rockets continued to prove they can play Small Ball as well as mash it up by scoring 7 more runs off just 1 extra-base hit in the 4th to put it out of reach. The win moved SLA just 1/2 game out of first place behind University City who was in action against Gratz. 

Kevin Courtney led The Rocket attack, reaching base in all 3 plate appearances, going 2-2 with a Double, 4RBIs and 2 Runs-scored (by Mike Sanders). SLA finished their 3-game road trip a perfect 3-0 and rides a 7-game win streak back home to Mt. Airy where they have outscored their opponents 82-9 in 5 games. Their next game is on May 6th vs. Bartram (7-2). 

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Black Market Silicone Injects

​This video is all about the risks of Black Market (illegal) Silicone Injections. I find this topic to be highly important because as a female know that we are all mildly insecure about our bodys. I don't want these woman's insecurity to be the case of their downfall, or even their death.

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