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¡Hola, guapa! Alphabeto

Lesson 1: The first thing you need to know about the alphabet and the correct pronunciation and spelling is how to spell each letter. The following is the English version of the alphabet translated into the Spanish version.


Spanish
A


D

F

H

J
K
L
M
N
Ñ
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

Lesson 2: The second thing you need to know about the Spanish alphabet is the pronunciation. Certain letters won't have an initial sound you think they might have. For example you spell the letter "h" as hache but in a word, you don't pronounce it.

English = Spanish:
A = ah
B = beh
C = ce
D = thay
E = eh
F = efay
G = hey
H = hache
I = e
J = hota
K = ka
L = eleh
M = emeh
N = eneh
Ñ = eñeh
O = oh
P = peh
Q = coo
R = ereh
S = eseh
T = teh
U = ooo
V = beh
W = doble beh
X = equis
Y = y griega
Z = seta
​Video Introduction:

Here's a video of Caitlin asking Jackie how to spell her last name, Middleswarth, so Caitlin can add her on Facebook.
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Manners Matter

                          Los Buenos Modales


English

Spanish

Thanks

Gracias

Thanks a lot

Muchas gracias

Thanks a million

Mil gracias

You’re welcome

De nada/ Por nada/No hay de qué

What was that?

¿Cómo?

Please

Por favor

Excuse me (If someone’s in your way)

Con permiso

Excuse me (to get someone’s attention)

Disculpe

Excuse me (if you bump into someone)

Perdón



mycomic
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¡Hola! ¡Adiós! : Basic Spanish

​Explanation:

In order to properly greet someone in spanish you will need to know:
- the time of day
- to ask how are you and be able to respond


If you feel like knowing basic greetings is unimportant, you're wrong. Say you meet a spanish speaking person and they want to have a conversation with you. If you will end up like this poor girl . Now to avoid this awkward conversation here are a few things you will need to know


A few ways to greet someone:


¡Hola!Hello!
¡Buenos Días!Good morning !
¡Buenas tardes!Good afternoon!
¡Buenas noches!Good evening!

So now you know how to say hello in several different ways, the next thing you would usually ask a stranger is their name


How to ask for their name:


¿Cómo te llamas? (informal)What’s your name?
¿Cómo se llama?  (formal)What’s your name?    


How to respond if you are asked yours: 



Me llamo …..My name is
Yo soy ….My name is
Mi nombre es …. My name is
All of those responses mean the same thing "My name is" they are just different ways to say it. 



"How are you?" is another important part of a greeting.

A few ways to ask how are you:

¿Qué tal?How are you?
¿Cómo estás? (tu)How are you?
¿Cómo está? (ustd)How are you?


The difference between "Cómo estás" and "Cómo está" is that "Cómo estás" is  that "estás" is  ment to be said to friends, its more causal than "Cómo está" which is ment for elders and people who are respected. 


How to respond to being asked how are you:


Bien, graciasGood, thanks
Más o menosAlright
MalTerrible

Now you know how to say hello and how are you, but maybe you had to go home.

To say goodbye :


¡Adiós!Bye!
¡Hasta luego!See ya later!
¡Hasta pronto!See ya soon!
¡Hasta mañana See ya tomorrow!
¡Qué le vaya bien!Have a good one!

To ask and you:


¿Y tú?   (informal) And you?
¿Y Usted?   (formal)And you?

Again tu is speaking informally usted is used for more formal greetings 


Now that you know how to say basic spanish greetings lets see how that girl's situation would have went if she had know what you now know. 


Here is a video of someone seeing an old friend for the first time in years: 


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Mucho gusto: Conversational Spanish

Explanation 
 In order to properly have a conversation in spanish you will need to know
- how to respond to questions like where you live
- how to ask those questions
- how to say the numbers

The reason you need to know conversations spanish is, if you have to fill out an the beging of an interview for a new Puerto Rican business you will need to know the things listed above.

To ask some one where you live:

¿De dónde eres (tú)? (informal)Where are you from?
¿De  dónde es (usted)? (formal) Where are you from?

Both questions are asking where do you live, the difference is the first question is causal and the second is formal.

To respond to those questions:

Soy de …I live in
Soy de … pero vivo en ….I’m from but I live in

Another thing you may need to know is how to say the numbers, so orally handing out your phone number wont be a problem

Numbers:


unoone
dostwo
tresthree
cuartofour
cincofive
siessix
sieteseven
ochoeight
nuevenine

If some one asks you for your phone number they might say:

¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?What’s your phone number?
¿Cuál es su número de teléfono?What’s your phone number?

The first question is ment to be said informally to friends, the second is ment to be said towards more formal conversations.  
And to reply you say:

Es el ***-***-****


To thank your interviewer you should say:


GraciasThanks
Muchas graciasThanks a lot
Mil gracias Thanks a milion
Now you know how to speak conversational spanish lets see how a successful interview would go

Here is a video of two people meeting at a party and exchanging information: 




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The Days, Months, and Seasons

Days, Months, and Seasons


English

Spanish

Monday

lunes

Tuesday

martes

Wednesday

miércoles

Thursday

jueve

Friday

viernes

Saturday

sábado

Sunday

domingo

January

enero

February

febrero

March

marzo

April

abril

May

mayo

June

junio

July

julio

August

agosto

September

septiembre

October

octubre

November

noviembre

December

deciembre

Summer

el verano

Fall

el oto´no

Winter

el invierno

Spring

la primavera

the week/the month/school

la semana/el mes/escuela



mycomic
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De Dónde eres tú?

Where are you From?

English

Spanish

Where are you from?

¿De dómde eres (tú)?

¿De dónde es (Ud.)?

I’m from

Soy de

But I live in

pero vivo en

Hi

¡Hola!

Philadelphia

Filadelphia

And you

¿Y tú?

Me too

Yo tambien


mycomic
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Months and Dates


Month

Mes

January

enero

February

febrero

March

marzo

April

abril

May

mayo

June

junio

July

julio

August

agosto

September

septiembre

October

octubre

November

noviembre

 
¿Cuándo es tu cumpleaños? - When is your birthday?

Ex: Es el doce de mayo. - May 12th.

6/11 - es el sies de noviembre. (November 6th)
2/12 - es el dos de diciembre (December 2nd) 
3/9 - es el tres de septiembre (September 3rd)
30/3 - es el treinta de marzo. (March 30th)

¿Qué día es hoy? - What day is today?
hoy es... - today is...
Here is a video of a real life situation having to do with Months and Dates in Spanish.
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How's the Weather

How’s the weather?


English

Spanish

It’s warm

Hace  calor

It’s sunny

Hace sol

It’s windy

Hace viento

It’s humid

Está  húmedo

It’s raining/ It rains

Está lloviendo/llueve

It’s snowing/ It snows

Está nevando/nieva

partly

parcialmente

mostly

mayormente

What’s the weather like?

¿qué tiempo hace?

It’s cold

Hace frío

It’s nice a temperature.

Hace buen tiempo.

It’s a bad temperature

Hace mal Tiempo

It’s cloudy

Está nublado

very

bastante



mycomic
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Ralph Ad

RALPH FOR LEADER!


Ralph is a big strong being. He's fit for leader because he had the courage to call everyone out together and the initiative to take charge. He is ALWAYS trying to look out for our best interests! He even thought about building a fire to save our own skins, who are we to not be greatful? He has taken it upon himself to bestow upon us the noise of the mighty shell and lead us to safety! He united us, made us shelter, and listened to us all. What does the bumbling idiot Jack do? He goes out for a measly little pig and half cooks it. And he let the fire go out! A ship passed and if Jack can't even do a simple thing like that then how can he be a leader? If it were up to him, We’d be dead! WE’d never get saved and it will come down to the point where he would kill us off one by one if he feels a threat, unlike loving and caring Ralph! He worries about our welbeing and will do his best to get us to safety if he is re-chosen for leader. He will never steer us wrong!



(The actual pamphlet is in a physical form)
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1, 2, 3 en Español!

Numbers in Spanish are definitely different from those in English so I am going to give you a little lesson on numbers 1 to 109.
-all of the numbers in the 10’s place have the same suffix -enta, except for 10, 20, 30 and 100.
-all of the numbers except for the 10’s, 20’s and 100’s go ‘y’ and the singular numeral
Those are the basic need to know things about numbers. If you want to remember them more easily, try getting 1 to 20 down and then the rest of the 1’s and once you know all of those, you will be able to to say all of the numbers in between.


Here is a chart that is sure to help you understand the numbers in Spanish.
Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 5.45.13 PM
Here is a video of someone asking another person where their house is and getting the address of their home.
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Qu tiempo hace? Whats the weather like?



This lesson will teach you how to say what the weather is like and how to pronounce it. This can be very useful when someone asks you what the weather is like.

¿Qué tiempo hace?

What’s the weather like?

Hace.....Está.....
Hace calor. (it’s hot)Está nublado. (it’s cloudy)
Hace frío. (it’s cold)Está húmedo. (it’s humid)
Hace sol. (it’s sunny)Está lloviendo. (it’s raining)
Hace viento. (it’s windy)Está nevado. (it’s snowing)



Hace calor.                                  Está nublado.
Ace-ca-lor                                   Es-ta-nu-bla-do                                            

Hace frío.                                     Está húmedo.    
Ace-fri-o                                      Es-ta-u-med-o                                                     

Hace sol.                                    Está lloviendo.
Ace-sol                                        Es-ta-jo-vi-en-do                           

Hace viento.                                 Está nevando.
Ace-bien-to                                  Es-ta-ne-van-do                            


Here's a video below to show you how the weather is being used in a real life situation. This is Eamon the weather man, he is going to tell you the 7 day forecast. Click the link below to view video. 
https://docs.google.com/open?id=0BzntKlEgDJ7-ay1rWXg2WmZRZ0U

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The Basics of Spanish Conversation

In this lesson, you will learn the basics of Spanish conversation from hello to goodbye. There are multiple ways to say things that are the same in Spanish including pleasantries.
For example...
-Greeting someone you can say,

‘Hola’ anytime of day

‘Buenos diaz’ good morning

‘Buenas tardes’ good afternoon

‘Buenas noches’ good night

You have to make sure that say ‘buenos’ with diaz and ‘buenas’ with tardes and noches.
-Then, is ‘how are you’ which can also be said in multiple ways.
¿Comò estàs? which you would say with a friend or someone your age
¿Comò està? which you would say to someone older than you
¿Què tal? and you can say that formally or informally
*When someone asks you a question and you are going to say ‘and you,’ you need to be able to respond correctly.
When speaking formally, you will say ‘and you’ as ‘¿Y usted?’ to show respect
When speaking informally, you will say ‘and you’ as ‘¿Y tu?’ to show that you and the person are buddies or the same age.
-Next, is asking someone's name and all you have to say for that is ‘¿Comò te llamas?’
-To respond you can say ‘my name is...’ in 3 ways
Yo soy...
Mi nombre es...
Me llamo...
Then you can refer to the * step to respond if necessary
-’Nice to meet you’ is next and all you have to say for that is ‘mucho gusto’
-Then ‘likewise’ which is ‘igualmente’
-Finally, is goodbye which can be said in more than one way
‘¡Adios!’ - bye
‘¡Hasta mañana!’ - see ya tomorrow
‘¡Hasta luego!’ - see ya later
‘¡Hasta pronto!’ - see ya soon
‘¡Què le vaya bien!’ - have a good one

Here is a comic that should help you understand a basic Spanish conversation.


Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 5.41.45 PM
Here is a video of 2 ordinary people having a basic Spanish conversation on their way to class.
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How to say the months and date in spanish

How to say the months and date in spanish


First you need to know the months

-enero; January

-febrero; February

-marzo; March

-abril; April

-mayo; May

-junio; June 

-julio; July

-agosto*; August

-septiembre*; September

-octubre*; October 

-noviembre*; November

-dieciembre*; December


Notice that the months all start with a lowercase letter, this is because in the spanish vocabulary months begin with a lowercase.


The months with the asterisk(*) are the five most commonly miss spelled months so watch your spelling.


The next thing you need to know is that the number, for example (11th) always comes first. Instead of the date being February 11th, it’s the 11th of February.


Now you need to know the numbers 1-31:


uno=1                       dieciseis=16                treinta y uno=31

dos=2                       diecisiete=17

tres=3                       dieciocho=18

cuatro=4                   diecinueve=19

cinco=5                     veinte=20

seis=6                       veinteuno=21

siete=7                      veintedós=22

ocho=8                      veintetrés=23

nueve=9                    veintecuatro=24

diez=10                     veintecinco=25

once=11                    veinteseis=26

doce=12                    veintesiete=27

trece=13                    veinteocho=28

catorce=14                veintenueve=29

quince=15                 treinta=30


Now we are going to learn how say it all together. First you say:

Es el_______....

This means “It’s the”. Then you would say the number date. So for an example you would say:

Es el once

In english this means “It’s the 11th”


Next you would say:

de_____

This means “of” in english. Then you would say the month. For an example you would say:

de abril

No we will put it all together:

Es el once de abril


This is how you say the date.


Next we will learn how to ask the date:


¿Cuál es fecha de hoy? This means “What’s today’s date?”


¿Qué día es hoy? This means “What was yesterdays date?”


¿Qué día es mañana? This means “What is tomorrows date?”



And lastly, just in case you need to know, here are the days of the week:

lunes; Monday

martes; Tuesday

miércoles; Wednesday

jueves; Thursday

viernes; Friday

sábado; Saturday

domingo; Sunday


The first letter is also lowercase just like the months.

Here is a video of a person trying to tell a delusional person the date:

I hope you enjoyed this lesson and now know how to say and ask the date in spanish.


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Long Time No Si

​Here is a link for the spanish greetings, goodbyes, and conversation words.

http://quizlet.com/15590563/spanish-greetings-flash-cards/


Dora


Example of how you would use this: 

Jack: Buenos días, Maggy.

Maggy: Hola!  ¿Cómo estás?

Jack: Bien, y tu?

Maggy: Bien, gracias. Adios!

Jack: Adios!




Here are some more useful links not created by us:

http://www.digitaldialects.com/Spanish/Phrases.htm

http://quizlet.com/13115520/spanish-greetings-flash-cards/  

http://www.lingolex.com/swom/wom-greetings.htm

 http://www.nickjr.com/printables/spanish-greetings-flash-cards.jhtml

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gCmn3UGB78



Here is a video of friends embracing on the first day of school after summer break, they're so excited!:
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Schweitzer, Jade, lucid chart, home network

My land area network is connected to everyone within a two block raduis from my house, which is really inconvient, and the reason why my internet is so slow. for some reason, I also don't have wifi at all, so I need to use my neighbors. Cavalier is probably not my favorite internet providers; so I would have to say that if I had my choice I would switch to Verizon. It is really fast, reliable, and it is private- you do not have to share your connection, as apposed to Cavalier. 

On my land line I have both my phone and internet. So whenever you use the house phone the internet stops working, and for some reason java never works on my computer; even though it has been installed three times;so that is a problem.


All in all my internet/phone sevrvice is alright, it could be better; but it could be worse.



An OMG moment was when I figured out that Reseting the modem isn't going to fix everything. An LOL moment was when I noticed how simply complicated the process of getting the internet was.                                                   


Some advice to people who know nothing about the internet I would say; if nothing is loading don't keep clicking it over and over- That makes it load SLOWER!!







Technology (1)
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LAN Diagram

The internet comes into my house via cable wire because my I.S.P (Internet Service Provider) is Comcast. My internet costs around $50/month. This means that it costs $600/year. I have numerous devices connected to my network through my wireless router. Connected to my network is two laptops, an Xbox and Playstation, a desktop, and a cellphone on occasion.
LANDiagram
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¡Las Meses y Fechas!

In this lesson we will learn:
-How to say the date
-The months
-How to say the numbers 

Los Meses:
  1. enero - January
  2. febrero - February
  3. marzo - March
  4. abril - April
  5. mayo - May
  6. junio - June
  7. julio - July
  8. agosto - August
  9. septiembre - September
  10. octubre - October
  11. noviembre - November
  12. diciembre - December
​Los numeros para las fechas
Uno - One
Dos - Two
Tres - Three
Cuatro - Four
Cinco - Five
Seis - Six
Siete - Seven
Ocho - Eight
Nueve - Nine
Diez - Ten
Once - Eleven
Doce - Twelve

Trece - Thirteen
Catorce - Fourteen
Quince - Fifteen

Dieciseis - Sixteen
Diecisiete - Seventeen
Dieciocho - Eighteen
Diecinueve - Nineteen
Veinte - Twenty
Treinta - Thirty
​How to say the date:

Es el # de meses

Ex: Es el veinte y cuatro de octubre.

¡Cuidado!

Los meses qué mas se escriben mal:
These are the months that are misspelled the most. 
  1. Agosto 
  2. Septiembre 
  3. Octubre
  4. Noviembre
  5. Diciembre






    Here is a video of two people who are stranded in the forest and finally find someone else:

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¿Paraguas o Sombrilla?

When you want to know what you need to wear, you must know how to say:
-Temperatures
-Precipitation
-Cloud cover

To ask what weather it is outside, you say "¿Qué tiempo hace?"
To give the exact temperature, you say "Está a ... grados".
These flash cards can help:

Here is a video of someone trying to figure out what to wear outside:

¿Paraguas o Sombrilla? from Wilson Biggs on Vimeo.

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