By Callie, Tucker, and Taahir
I chose the Federal Election Campaign Act for my bill because I had already done some research for it with my lobbying topic assignment. From that research, I knew that the bill was changed multiple times because of a variety of outside influences, so I figured there would be plenty of information to get for my project. As you can probably tell by my 11-minute video, there was indeed plenty of information to cover. I thought that a video would be the best format because I just didn't see a prezi or presentation providing a proper explanation. With topics like this, the best way for me to get the facts out, is if I verbally discuss it. Of course, visual aids would be necessary too. So, a video it was.
When I started my project, I didn't realize just how much was done to the bill over the decades, and its history started a lot earlier than I thought as well. I had to do a lot of research to figure out all the big and all the really small changes and amendments of the bill. This took more time than I thought it would, and it was little hard to understand some of the court decisions as well. Figuring out the "why" was really the hardest part. But, I was able to figure it out the best I could and managed to put it all into words for my video. If I could do my project differently though, I would make the most changes to my video itself. It's a little dry. Because of problems with my audio, I had to keep re-recording it, and I didn't have time to really put in music or anything like that. Plus, I wanted the slides to be a little bit more animated. I didn't have time for that kind of stuff. Also, it is a longer video than I intended. I probably could have summed up my court cases and my reflection at the end a little better and more concise. Well, at least my viewers will get the information.
I understood the basics to how a bill became a law, but (especially in my particularly bill) I didn't realize just how much the Supreme Court can play a part in appealing and causing amendments to the laws. I knew about the public opinion aspect and how the political air of the time had a major impact on the laws of the time, and this was definitely true in my law. So, I kind of figured that with this particular law it probably wasn't easy because there would be plenty of people who want to twist their money around in politics. I didn't think they would so much legal standing to just make things difficult for Congress though.Sources:
Belkin, Aaron. "Don't Ask, Don't Tell: Is the Gay Ban Based on Military Necessity?." Parameters: US Army War College 33.2 (2003): 108. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010
Fuller, Andrea. "Colleges Await End of 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'. (Cover story)." Chronicle of Higher Education 56.25 (2010): A1-A21. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 30
Grice, Michael D. "Leading Through Change." Marine Corps Gazette 94, no. 1 (January 2010): 43-45. Military & Government Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed March 30, 2010).
McMichael, William H., et al. "How troops really feel about gays serving openly." Army Times 70.31 (2010): 10-14. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
McMichael, William H. "Mullen: Dropping 'don't ask' is 'the right thing to do.'." Army Times 70.31 (2010): 11-14. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
McMichael, William H., et al. "Service chiefs: Don't repeal gay ban during war.." Army Times 70.34 (2010): 21. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
Moradi, Bonnie, and Laura Miller. "Attitudes of Iraq and Afghanistan War Veterans toward Gay and Lesbian Service Members." Armed Forces & Society (0095327X) 36.3 (2010): 397-419. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
Prakash, Om. "The Efficacy of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell." 2009 4th Quarter, Issue 55, p88-94. Military & Government Collection. EBSCO. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
"The Palm Center; Summit Announced on Gay Service In Foreign Militaries. " Defense & Aerospace Business 24 Feb. 2010: 38 ProQuest Military Collection, ProQuest. Web. 30 Mar. 2010.
I wanted to be entertaining with the presentation, not losing people's attention as it went along, so I decided that I'd do a video and place an song behind the video. I chopped the video into frames to match the song swell because I wanted to draw the viewer in a little more from all the information they had just taken in minutes ago.
In order to really understand the Act, I had to do a lot of reading and research. At first, I thought it was directly related to water and hydrofracturing, but soon I found that it was connected to energy in just about every form. There was also information that wasn't even included in the project that I chose to understand a little more too.
If I had the opportunity to, I would most likely focus on the act in its entry and not just on water and air. I think that these are generally the most important factors of the bill because they relate to the health of the people, but there's a lot of information that isn't talked about in the benchmark presentation that isn't given in terms of money, actual companies, changes that we're made to the country and more.
This bill became a law rather quickly, and I was surprised at just how fast it was passed. Thinking about it again, I wasn't too surprised because I understand that government will work quickly when money is involved. I did more research for the person who introduced the bill and all the things surrounding it, and I found that it's goals are actually great, but it's results are selfish and causing some major controversy in the United States.
This process wasn't really that hard, it was just a lot of reading. No one seemed to really explain how the entire act worked in simple terms, nor did anyone seem to write about the act to explain it either, so that was a process for me, but a rather simple one.
The major supporters of hydrofracturing are oil and gas companies because this is a source or revenue for them. When you investigate the actual bill in depth, you see that many energy companies and people who work with energy are supporters of the bill as well, due to the benefits that come their way.
There's no current policy written for this topic other then the actual Energy Act Policy itself. Oil companies have specific regulations they must follow and what people don't know is that when oil companies fail to meet these requirements, they get a lot of heat from the government and the oil company managers get a lot of heat from their superiors, like most businesses. Whether we see it or not, it is happening.
I know of this organization personally called Protecting Our Waters, which is a non profit organization with representation all over the tristate and East coast. Through the efforts of petitioners, and collective organizations, they said "Governor Markell of Delaware publicly announced he would vote against the proposed regulations, in the interest of science, public health and the environment." Through connecting with organizations like this, those against fracking can make sure their voices are not only heard but felt. Hopefully Pennsylvania has the same amount of support and people behind the no fracking initiative to keep our waters clean. The way we influence people is through keeping them informed with the process and find ways for them to easily get involved.
I chose to research and create a website on the Brady Handgun Violence Act (BHVA) because it was something I did not know about and I wanted to learn something new. Before I chose this act, I was researching the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and ran into trouble trying to find out how the bill went through Congress. When I researched the BHVA, I found it very easy to track the bill through Congress, so with little time on my hands, I researched and created a website for the law. I also have a very strong interest in gun rights in America primarily because there are times when I feel the second amendment and Constitutional rights to bear arms are being infringed upon. However, after reviewing the act, I gained a greater perspective of gun control that is fair.
Previously I had a cartoon in mind but the time it would have taken to create an original hand drawn comic like cartoon would have meant a close to late submission. I chose a website instead, primarily because it was not only quick and easy for me to create, but also one of my favorite things to work with. With the website, I was able to create a collection of photos as well as a timeline for the bill through Congress. Some of the challenges of this project were tracking the bill through Congress, presenting in an interesting way, and presenting the information about the bill/law accurately. I overcame these challenges by being somewhat simple in my presentation by making it straightforward with a timeline, short history, and photos of the incident that lead to the bill's creation. Instead of having full focus on the bill and just the bill, I went into some of the history of the events that inspired the bill; something I had previously never known about (Reagan assassination attempt).
I could do the project over again, I would definitely create a video or cartoon to go along with the website. I feel as though the way in which I tell the story is simple and plain and could really use an aspect of entertainment. I would have also given myself more time if I could do this project over again. Research on my previous act took way too much time away from the project that I created. The research I conducted and investigation into the bill's creation told me that bills can be created by anyone and actual events do inspire people to come up with ideas for bills to propose. I realized that when a bill through Congress goes through the House and the Senate, it rarely goes right to enactment without going through a conference between the House and Senate. When I first started the project, I thought that bills that were so good or made so much sense to both the House and Senate would go straight through Congress, but it is a very rare occasion.
The process in researching and creating a form of presentation that would be interesting was MUCH harder than I anticipated. The CSA of 1970, which was my original research topic, proved nearly impossible to track through Congress given that it was from the 70s and the Government bill tracking website only goes as far back as "93", which was another reason why I chose the Brady Act next. Because the Government bill tracking website went as far back as "93," the Brady Act was much easier to track through Congress.
I designed my Exhibit to show how my neighborhood has changed over time. In my opinion making an exhibit was a better way to engage an audience without boring them. I wanted to portray the idea and physical representations of the way the streets were many years ago. So I tired to resemble with the floor map the main idea of what South Philadelphia would be 60 years ago. But before that I went back in time further to when it all began in 1638.
Time Line: My time line for South Philadelphia starts back to about 300 years ago when most of the information started to be documented. In 1638 the first Swedish colonists arrived in Wilmington, Delaware. Following them the Europeans settled. The Dutch and English colonists were spread all over the Delaware Valley. The second group of Swedish colonists made a colony that consisted of immigrants in 1642.
Weccace was the name of that province and the Lenni Lenape named it. The meaning of it meant “peaceful place”. This “peaceful place” only was extended between the boundaries of the Delaware River at Trenton down to the Delaware Bay. In 1654 the Swedish and the Lenape both signed a Compact that bounded them to friendship. It was made to reinforce fair and respectful relations when it came time to trade but this compact only involved them.
Before the British came, in 1650 the Dutch were the only people that took a brief ownership of Weccacoe. Year 1677 the Swedish lead their first Christian worship in a blockhouse. To reach the destination they had to sail up the Delaware River every week.
Then in 1682 William Penn was able to establish this land only after making a negotiation of a treaty with the Lenni Lenape. Weccaoe became known as Southwark; this area was divided in to communities. The east side was named Passyunk, which meant “in the valley”. As for the west side it was named Moyamensing which meant “pigeon droppings’ and the first shipment of African slaves arrived on the Isabella in Philadelphia in 1684.
The Pennsylvania assembly
aiming for the freedom of African Americans passed “The Act for the Gradual
Abolition of Slavery” in 1780 and runaway slaves. In 1787 Richard Allen became the attraction
for African American settlement. He then founded The Mother Bethel African Methodist
Episcopal Church, which was located between South and Lombard 5th to 7th
street. Which is now known as the “Cedar Street Corridor”. Philadelphia then
became the most important seaport on the American continent. In 1793 about 10,000 plus
Philadelphia plus were forced to evacuate the city, due to the first American
yellow fever epidemic that made its why through.
During the 1800’s some Southern Italians began to migrate to the Bella Vista, which is near, happens to be near the 9th Street Market. As a resulted to that the West side of 6th to11th Street became full of Italians. Until 1910 when most of the Italian immigrants started to go to New York City then took the train to Philadelphia.
the Navy Yard at Federal Street along the Delaware River was established
but the U.S government. It was to build the U.S naval fleet and the Federal
Navy Yard continued to build more ships at that location. Until 1875 when the Navy yard relocated
itself, to Broad Street at the League Island. Assembling ships until it
closed down in 1996. Today about eighty companies now reside in
the 1,200-acre yard; has been remade into a retail, entertainment complex. In 1842
a lot of riots started to occur on Lombard Street and more than 1,000 African
Americas partook in a parade that was to pay tribute to the 8th anniversary of
the abolition of the slavery in the West Indies. Due to that parade with the
American Americans an Irish mob attacked them and burned down the Second
African Presbyterian Church on Lombard Street. As a result a Quaker
philanthropist established the Institution for the Colored on 915 Bainbridge
Street. This noble institute taught classical languages, literature, philosophy
and mathematics. Eventually the school moved in 1902 to
Chester Country, PA and then became the Cheney University. Which made it the
oldest legendary African American college in America. In 1845 as a
result of the riots, the districts of spring, Moyamensing and Northern
Liberties were all obligated to assemble a police enterprise.
In 1871 the first professional Philadelphia Fire Department was organized and replaced the city’s volunteer fire companies, which started back in the 18th century. The companies of the Irish Democrats or Nativist Republican often worked as if they were street gangs, challenging one another for turf.
From 1800-1920 is when all the different nationalities started to settle closer to and or within my neighborhood. The Eastern European immigrants and Jewish began to settle along Lombard and South Streets. 1887 the Lebanese immigrants started to settle around 10th and Ellsworth Street. The Polish immigrants began settling between Catharine and Christian, on Front and Second Street in 1890. In 1910 along 9th Street was where many of the Italian immigrants sold many goods such as meat, fruits and vegetables. The first Vietnamese immigrants arrived in 1975. They began to establish community organizations and businesses along Washington Ave and 8th Street.
Then in 1992 more Southeast Asian immigrants such as Cambodians arrived and started to cluster around 7th and Wolf, which was considered to be mainly a Jewish neighborhood. In the 2000’s some more immigrants that where mainly from Mexico and Asia began to settle more. The more people Philly received the more the living became lively, with rising real estate and lowering -income residents pushing the immigrants away from Center City an into the neighborhoods South of Washington and Snyder avenue, which is my neighborhood region.
The way I conducted my interview was first by telling what my project was about then asking questions and writing down the answer. The two people chosen knew more information than I expected them to. So during the interview it was only necessary of me to ask a few questions. As the interviews when on a lot of other information was giving. When one questions was asked around the topic was giving. In other words unasked question were answered too. But I did some questions as the interviews went on, to clarify or to gain specific detail.
Starter Questions Q: Did any major events have an affect on you in the South Philadelphia neighborhood?Q: Did you visit to the area as a child and do you now as an adult visit the area?Q: Did you or did you have family and friends who lived in the neighborhood?Date of the first interview: 10/18/11__I first interviewed my neighbor Lorraine Tartaglio She has lived in south Philly all her life, so she has seen more of the changes.
· · Twenty to thirty years ago most of this area was filled with the Italian, polish and Jewish people.
· · All of Darien street at from 9 and Oregon to 9th and Shunk where Greenwich homes for the mentally ill.
· · What seem to bring all the people together was drugs.
· · On the side of Oregon where Darien and Shunk is was built over a swamp.
· · The area on Oregon where the School D. Newlin Fell is and Thomas was built over a cemetery.
· · Certain parts belonged to different races.
· · Board and South to front and south was all housing, nothing compared to the way it is today.
· 2nd Street and Front Street were the Irish.
· 10th and Carpenter were the Italians
· 9th and Darien were the Jewish.
· · Broad Street was a place you needed money to be on, it was where the movies and entertainment use to be and that was mainly Italian.
· · Patterson Ave. was where the cars would drag race before the stadiums were built.
· · Her best friend was an African American girl named Linda and it was not always easy to play with her because when ever she would go to see her. Some of the people from Linda’s neighborhood would want and try to fight Lorraine.
· · People knew who didn’t belong in their neighborhood and if they didn’t know you or knew you didn’t know someone that would fight you until you left.
“As little as we had, everybody was happy”. - Lorraine Tartaglio
Date of the second interview 10/22/11
· · Second I interviewed was with DennisTerico he was one who also lived in South Philly all of his life.
· · 1963 he went to Thomas high school and there were mainly Italian and Irish people.
· · All African American people were considered to be colored people.
· Front to 4th street were mostly the Irish and Polish
· 4th to 6th were the Puerto Ricans
· 8th to 12th, Broad were the Italians.
· · As young teens if they stood on the corner the cops would pick them up take all their wallets and money. Drop them off at Delaware ave. so when they walked back to where they were. Having to walk through all the other different neighborhoods and fight their way through.
· · At 8th an wolf that was a African American school with only 6 white people attended one of which was Dennis and the other 5 where his brothers.
· · 1964 he and his friends use to dress as rag time people and paint their faces black but then there were riots because they were not allowed in the parade with the black faces.
· · 9th street with Bok and 10th and Biglar would have riots.
· · 10th and Packer ave. use to be horse stables it was there for about 20 years then it burnt down in 1967 and people could hear the animals cry from 9 an wolf.
The closet Civic Association near me is Passyunk Square Civic Association (PSCA) Is the closet one I have in my neighborhood, it was founded since 2004. I sent them an e-mail but I never received a reply. So I did the next best thing a teen could do, FACEBOOK! After doing that I received some information about their projects.
Some projects they had:
· “Event: Columbus Square Park Fall Flea Market
Date: Saturday, October 29, 2011
Time: 7am to 1pm
Location: 12th and Wharton
Details: Reserve a space for your table for $20 or get two spaces for $30. You can also donate your stuff to sell at the Columbus Square Park table. They are also seeking volunteers to help out during that time with set up and clean-up AND donations of baked goods for the bake sale.”
· “Event: Halloween Pumpkin Fest
Date: Saturday, October 29, 2011
Time: 10am to 12pm
Location: 12th between Wharton and Reed
Details: Event will include pumpkin decorating for kids (pumpkins and paint provided), a children’s costume parade, candy and treats.”
· “The Friends of the South Philly Branch of the Free Library of Philadelphia presents a FREE Pumpkin Painting event on Saturday, October 22 at 11am.
· Paint your own pumpkin at the South Philly Branch Library. Pumpkins, paint and treats will be provided. Unfortunately, large groups cannot be accommodated. Pumpkins will be available on a first-come, first-served basis so arrive as close to 11am as you can.”
Volunteer w/ buildOn
I asked Crystal a few questions about buildOn. What major projects does buildOn have? What did she consider to be a major project? Did she mind telling me about Halloween Festival, because I know that is something that is does annually? Also, what did you enjoy about the specific UnLitter us on 10/15/11? That was the event I attended myself so I wanted another perspective not just my own.
Here was here response:
“We have two regional service projects every year (one in the fall and one in the spring). Those are our biggest projects and they are not always the same kind of project. We also have some service projects that continue to be very popular every year: definitely the Halloween festival, the Autism Walk, the AIDS Walk, the Beach Sweep in New Jersey. A major project is a project that we do consistently every year and brings a lot of students out. I thought the UnLitter Us project was awesome for a couple of reasons. I think it was wonderful for the guest speakers at the beginning of the event took notice of all of the buildOn students that had come out ready to help out. It was also a great project because there was a clear need. The volunteers got a lot done and really helped to clean up the area. People in the neighborhoods took notice of the volunteers and thanked them for their hard work. Lastly, I love when 50 teenagers from all across the city and from almost a dozen different schools can work together to make an impact.” - Crystal Collins, PA Program & Service Coordinator