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Toby Hahn's Home Network

​This is my home network. Most of the devices (6 of the laptops, all the iPods, the Kindles, and the printers) are connected to the network via WiFi, but the devices that need a consistently faster internet connection (such as the TiVo, the Wii, the PS3, one of the laptops, and the alarm system) are connected via ethernet. The devices on the top floor (TiVo, Wii, PS3, and one laptop) get internet through a box with an ethernet port that plugs into the wall and transfers internet through the electrical lines.
I learned that internet is very expensive.
I think people should know how their network works so that if something goes wrong they can fix it.
teh internets
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AMIGOS VS FAMILIA

                                            AMIGOS VS FAMILIA

                                            Tu vs. Ud. Questions

     Ever wonder how to address your elders in spanish? Or how to greet your amigos? Depending on the person, they're will always be a certain amount of respect given in the spanish language. In english, we usually address authority figures with “Mr.” or “Ms.”, but with Spanish, it is way more complex.

     There are two different ways of speech that specify who you are talking to. When having a conversation with a friend or peer, it is always necessary to end the sentence “Tú”. This is an informal way of speech and should not be used when talking to authority figures. The same is applied when asking questions. Imagine you are meeting a new friend for the first time. They ask for your name. You would say, “´¿Me llamo ____, y tú?” By ending the sentence with “...y tú?” You are saying “And you?”. A couple of practices and you'll get the hang of it!

     Now onto to the formal way of sayings! Whenever referring to an adult or older authority figure, it is essential to ask them a question that ends with “Usted”. Simple questions such as “What is your name?” would be said in espanol like “¿Cómo se llama usted?” as opposed to its informal counter part, “¿Cómo te llamas tú?”. This applies to all older family members, teachers and other authority figures.

Just remember these simple things:

Tú=Someone around your age/peer/friend

Usted= An adult, authority figure (ex: Professora)


Try practicing here

 

   Lets take a look at the boxes below:




Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 6.09.43 PM
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 6.13.00 PM
Here is a video of three friends talking to one another using "Tú" and a child talking to their grandmother using "Usted".
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Learning the Weather in Español

If you want to know the weather in Spanish, you must learn these simple facts.

-The types of weather
-The Prefixes used in the weather
-How to describe the weather

Types of Weather:

Bright = Sol
Hot = Calor
Cold = Frio
Windy = Viento
Cloudy = Nublado
Humid = Hùmedo
Rainy = Lloviendo
Snowy = Nevando

Prefixes: 

The types of weather use two different prefixes: Hace and Està.

Hace: Està:
-Sol -Nublado
-Calor -Hùmedo
-Frio -Lloviendo
-Viento -Nevando


Describing the Weather:

Temperature = Temperatura
Maximum = Màxima
Minimum = Mìnima
Degrees = grados
Mostly = Mayormente
Partly = Parcìalmente
Sunny = Soleado
Clear = Despejado
It's nice (bad) out = Hace buen (mal) tiempo.
34561
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Basic Conversations in Spanish

​Explanation: 
In order to have a basic conversation in Spanish, you must know how to:
Greet someone
Ask them how they are
Ask them their name
Ask them where they live
Say goodbye


This is how to ASK any of these questions: 
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.28.36 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.29.36 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.30.30 PM
 

****NOTICE: (tú) is in parentheses for the questions ¿Cómo the llamas? and ¿De dónde eres? This is because the word tú is a way of addressing a friend (or amigo) of yours. If you are to ask these same questions to someone who is not your friend and is to be respected, you would ask them like this:

Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.51.17 AMScreen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.51.33 AM

Here are some responses to those questions:

¿Qué tal?
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.33.23 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.33.32 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.33.38 PM

¿Cómo se llamas?

Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.40.12 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.40.18 PM

¿De dónde eres (tú)?

Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.43.44 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.53.25 AM

WAYS TO SAY GOODBYE:

 Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.44.51 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.44.57 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.45.06 PM

******It is always polite to say "Nice to meet you" after meeting someone for the first time. It is also polite to reply to that by saying "Likewise." 

Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.47.38 PM Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.47.50 PM
OTHER USEFUL TERMS:
Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.55.59 AM
Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.54.05 AMScreen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.54.12 AMScreen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.54.45 AMScreen Shot 2012-10-25 at 9.54.51 AM
Here is a game that can be helpful with this lesson. It is also good for greeting someone in Spanish.







Here is a continuation of the video for How to Greet Someone in Spanish. In this video, however, we are having a basic conversation with the tourist.



 

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HOW TO: Greet someone in Spanish

Explanation:
There are FOUR ways that you can greet someone in Spanish, and they are:

Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.07.39 PM
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.07.50 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.08.49 PMScreen Shot 2012-10-24 at 7.08.59 PM

****NOTICE: There are TWO exclamation points being used in each greeting. One of them is BEFORE the greeting and one is AFTER the greeting. The exclamation point before the greeting is ALWAYS upside down. This rule applies to EVERY sentence or phrase that is exclamatory. This same rule also applies when adding a question mark to any question you may ask in Spanish. 

You must know when to use each greeting. For example, you would only use ¡Buenos días! when:
Greeting someone as you're arriving to work
Greeting someone as you're arriving to school
Greeting someone while you're eating breakfast
Greeting someone at any other time during the morning

You would only use ¡Buenas tardes! when:
Greeting someone when you're leaving school
Greeting someone while you're eating lunch
Greeting someone at any other time during the afternoon

You would only use ¡Buenas noches! when:
Greeting someone while you're eating dinner
Greeting someone after you've got home from work
Greeting someone at any other time during the evening

¡Hola! is a greeting that can be used at ANY time. 



Here is a game that can be helpful with this lesson. It is also good for basic conversations.







Here is a video of a tourist visiting America who is unable to speak English, and can only speak Spanish. In order to make this tourist feel welcome, it is necessary to know how to greet someone in Spanish. 


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A,B,C....

The alphabet or alfabeto is simple to learn in Spanish
There are just something things you need to know.

There are two different n's. One is your normal n and the other is ñ. Another thing is that none of the letters are pronounced the same, matter-of-fact most of them are vastly different.
Here is a little something to explain.
Whats in the parentheses help you pronounce the letters.
Screen Shot 2012-10-25 at 10.23.44 AM
I hope that helped you at least a little bit


Video
Here is video of a real life situation where two girls say the spanish alphabet





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Spanish Courtesy

Spanish Courtesy Phrases 

¡Gracias!   

Thanks!


¡No, gracias!   

No, thanks!


¡Muchas gracias!   

Thanks a lot!


¡De nada!   

You’re welcome!


¡Disculpa!  

Disculpa.


Perdón.   

Excuse me.


Lo siento.   

I’m sorry.


Está bien.   

That’s okay.


Eres muy amable.   

You are very nice.


¡Por favor!    

Please!

In this video someone is going to order a meal at restaurant. I'll use the different courtesy forms to order my meal & be in the restaurant the entire dinner. My goal is to have the audience fully understand courtesy.


 

Here's an introduction to a video of toby & myself pretending to be at a restaurant.
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Los Días De La Semaña

Now we are going to learn the days of the week in Spanish!

Monday - lunes
Tuesday - martes
Wednesday - miércoles
Thursday - jueves
Friday - viernes
Saturday - sábado
Sunday - domingo

(Note The Accents)

- Whenever you write the days of the week in spanish they must be lowercase.

- What day is it? = ¿Qué día es hoy?
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 9.17.59 AM
You have to know how to say the days of the week​ in Spanish if you want to know what day it is today. Here is a GoAnimate video of a person who doesn't know what day it is.



Click the link below to study some flashcards...
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Tú (vs.) Usted

Hola, today were going to learn about how to differentiate between speaking formally and speaking informally in Spanish.

Now to understand this fully you have to know who you're speaking to. If you are speaking to a friend or someone who's younger than you, then you speak informally (tú). If your speaking to your parents or someone older than you, then you speak formally (Usted). Listed below is a chart with spanish phrases that are formal and informal. You can also use these flashcards to help you distinguish between the two. 
Screen Shot 2012-10-24 at 9.01.54 AM
Click the link below to study some more flashcards...
You need to know the difference between tú and usted so you dont disrespect anyone when speaking in Spanish. Here are two videos of Brittany asking people questions the correct way.

- Usted
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Que Dia Es Hoy? (What day Is Today?) How To Ask and say the days of the week In Spanish

¡Hola! In Order to ask what day it is and say the days of the week in spanish you need to know the following. First you need to know how to ask what day it is. Then You need to know how to say the days in spanish and respond in spanish as well.

Imagine you wake up in the middle of nowhere and walk right into a what you thought was an english-speaking town. But you discover its not. Some random person comes out of nowhere and is like "¿Qué dia es hoy?" I'll tell you the truth. All He's asking is "What day is today?" Now reply by saying "Es el..." But wait! I haven't told you how to say the days of the week. Here is a list below

lunes-Monday
martes-Tuesday
miércoles-Wednesday
jueves-Thursday
viernes-Friday
sábado-Saturday
domingo-Sunday

Now you know how to say the days in spanish. Now to finish what you 
were saying just say "Es el lunes". Thats all you have to do. Here are some good flashcards to study. Here you can learn the days even better. Here is a short video on all that you learned to say and ask in spanish, be put into action. Hope this mini-lesson help on your quest to suceed in saying the days of the week in spanish!
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Weather

Weather


Weather is like the easiest subject to learn in Español. Your just basically giving a one word answer on how the weather is using hace or esta, which means it’s or it is.

Example:

rainy: hace lloviendo

snowy: está nevando 


If you want to say the temperature is either good or bad you just say; mal for bad or bien for good. Some temperature is pronounce to its meaning in English or to a word that means the same

Example:

hace  (bastante) frio - it’s (very) cold     está (mayormente) nublado - it’s (mostly) cloudy 

hace (bastante) calor - it’s (very) hot      está (mayormente) húmedo - it’s (mostly) humid 

hace (bastante) sol - it’s (very) sunny     está (mayormente) lloviendo - it’s (mostly)

                                                                 rainy         

hace (bastante) viento - it’s (very) windy  está (mayormente) nevando - it’s (mostly)

                                            snowy 


Weather:


For this video to teach the weather, we’re going to do a fake weather forecast. First the two girls are going to turn on the television to the weather channel and the anchor is going to tell them how the weather is in Spanish .

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Months and Dates

Dates


Numbers in Spanish are also very different from English. The first letter in the word 

also start with lower case. In Spanish the date comes before the month as in English the month comes before the date, but the year still goes last.

Example:

  English:                         Spanish:

6/12/09                          12/6/09


Dates are very important if you want to know when your homework is due, when somebody birthday is and when something expires.


Months 



Months and Dates are very different from each other in Spanish and English . In Spanish the first letter of a word is lower case while in English it’s upper case 


Spanish Months: 


enero

febrero

marzo

abril

mayo

junio

julio

agosto

septiembre

octubre

noviembre 

diciembre 








 English Months:


January 

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December



As you can see in the chat there are some words that look the same as in English but some look very different and is spelled different . The most common misspelled  Spanish months are :


agosto - august

septiembre - september

octubre - october 


noviembre - november

diciembre - december 

Months and Dates:


This video is about a husband forgetting his wife birthday. She is going to throw around a couple of hints like for example she’s going to say all the months in Spanish and say something like aren't you forgetting something.


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Months

Months 



Months and Dates are very different from each other in Spanish and English . In Spanish the first letter of a word is lower case while in English it’s upper case 


Spanish Months: 


enero

febrero

marzo

abril

mayo

junio

julio

agosto

septiembre

octubre

noviembre 

diciembre 








 English Months:


January 

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December



As you can see in the chat there are some words that look the same as in English but some look very different and is spelled different . The most common misspelled  Spanish months are :


agosto - august

septiembre - september

octubre - october 


noviembre - november

diciembre - december 

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Icebreaker

Icebreaker:

In order to make basic conversation, you need to know:
conver.
mycomic
Here is a video of a girl meeting a new student making conversation at SLA.
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Los meses de la año

To know the months in español, you must first know the months of the year in english.  After that it gets pretty simple, you just learn how to pronounce them in spanish.
Enero  (january)    Febrero  (february)    Marzo  (march)    Abril  (april)    Mayo  (mayo)   
Junio  (june)  Julio  (july)    Agosto  (august)    septiembre  (september)    octubre  (october)    
noviembre  (november)    diciembre  (december)

Those are the months of the year, I personally had a lot of fun when learning this for the first time.  I hope you will have the same experience.
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El Alfabeto y mas

Hello, today we are going to learn the most basic piece of the spanish language.  Can anyone guess. That's right the alphabet.  In spanish, though, it is pronounced "El alfabeto."  It is actually very easy learn and it can be pretty fun.  Here are some really cool fun facts about the spanish language is , 
1. There are only 27 letters in the spanish language, where as there are only 26 in the english language.
2. Unlike the english alphabet, where all the letters are uppercase, all letters in the spanish alfabeto are lower-case letters
Here are the letters of the spanish language

a   (ah)                  i  (eee)                    p (peh)           x (equis)     

b   (beh)                j   (hota)                 q (cooo)         y ( eee griega)  

c   (seh)                 k  (kah)                   r (ereh)          z (seta)      

d   (deh)                l   (eleh)                  s  (eseh)         

e    (eh)                 m  (emeh)                t  (teh)

f    (efeh)               n   (eneh)                u  (oooo)

g    (hey)                ñ  (enyeh)               v  (beh)

h    (acheh)            o    (o)                     w (doble ve)

Something that most people looking at this list would notice is that the "v" in the spanish alfabeto is pronounced the same as the "b".  Thank you for listening to this wonderful lesson on the spanish alfabeto.
Here is the link to a video I made: ¡El alfabeto! | Xtranormal
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