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Pacific Garbage Patch

​Deshawn Mcleod, Taylor Veasley, Ananda Knight

This infographic is about the Pacific Garbage Patch. We wanted to provide facts and illustrations to get our information across to viewers . We used lots of picture to show the effects on Animals and humans from the pacific garbage patch. Our main goal was to get the point across about how important the Pacific Garbage Patch is and how bad it effects the environment. We want to make more people aware and realize that this needs to be cleaned up and people should not litter. 

Annotated Bibliography 

DeShawn’s Sources:


"Great Pacific Garbage Patch." National Geographic. n. page. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/?ar_a=1>.



  • This explains how the patch starting through environmental means. It shows how the patch started and what its effects are. The article is about how it started, where it came from, and where it goes and how.


  • The National Geographic is a well known, notable, effective source that has been putting environmental information out for a while. Their goal is to just report unbiased news.


  • It gives the barebones of what happens and it elaborates on that, but I’d use that to further my research.



Kostigen, Thomas. "The World's Largest Dump: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch." Discover Magazine. n. page. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://discovermagazine.com/2008/jul/10-the-worlds-largest-dump


  • This is a person’s opinion on the garbage patch and how it effects their life. It’s basically a biased article because it’s a person’s opinion. But it shows how the patch effects human and marine life.


  • This is a part of the discovery magazine, so their information has to be true or at least legit.


Ananda’s Sources


"Lies You've Been Told About the Pacific Garbage Patch." io9 - We come from the future.. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013. <http://io9.com/5911969/lies-youve-been-told-about-the-pacific-garbage-patch>.


-This source is about The Pacific Garbage Patch and the different interpretations people had from it and about it. When the Pacific Garbage Patch came about many myths as well as facts. This is an very good site because it provides examples of different myths that came up when people talked about the Pacific Garbage Patch, these were all common misconceptions.

The Site gives examples and tells why people thought these things and how they were wrong. This site is organized very well and provides pictures and very straight to the point descriptions. Everything makes since so I feel I can trust the site to get information from it.

At the bottom there is a space provided for people to make comments and it is interesting to see what others have to say. This site is very easy to use and I would recommend it to others trying to


Cooney, Katherine. "The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Poses New Threat to Marine Life | TIME.com." NewsFeed | Breaking news and updates from Time.com. News pictures, video, Twitter trends. | TIME.com. N.p., n..  d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013<http://newsfeed.time.com/2012/05/11/the-great-pacific-garbage-patch-poses-new-threat-to-marine-life/>


- This site provides readers with the who, when, where and why to the Pacific Garbage Patch. It is very credible because it is from The Times News Feed. This is a good site because it has really good descriptions and helps you to visualize the Pacific Garbage Patch if you dont already know about it. Readers are able to learn something new within every sentence .


"How the oceans can clean themselves: Boyan Slat at TEDxDelft - YouTube."YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ROW9F-c0kIQ>.


This is Ted Talk about the Pacific Garbage Patch. This video was very useful because the person offered us a lot of facts. It was also very hard to find someone who cared about the Pacific Garbage Patch so this was very interesting. It is very credible because it is a TED talk and I know that they only let reliable people speak on topics. The video was very interesting and easy to understand. We were able to pull out at least 5 facts from this video.




Taylor Veasley

"De-mystifying the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch"" Marine Debris Program. N.p., 19 July 2012. Web. 01 Apr. 2013. <http://marinedebris.noaa.gov/info/patch.html>


- This site is a good source because it gives a wonderful description of the Pacific Garbage Patch. The cover the very basics, they give you the very definition of the Pacific Garbage Patch and then they talk about even where they are located. The website really goes into depth with the explanations and the entire article is very easy to understand.




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Alejandro Cunningham

Pedro es de quince años. Vive con sus abuelos en philadelphia. Cuando tenía cinco años, sus padres murieron en un accidente de coche. fue devastado. Ello todos los días.Comenzó a actuar mal. Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.48.42 PM


Pedro e

ra pobre. Un día

, Pedro estaba con sus amigos. le dijeron que él podría hacer dinero fácil. Estaba confuso. dijeron que venden drogas. Que fue un error. lo hizo de todos modos.

Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.49.31 PM




Pedro acostumbré a él. Que estaba haciendo dinero. Que no le importaba. la vida era buena. se encontraba en la parte superior.



Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.50.16 PM

un día estaba en la esquina. un hombre quiere comprar de él. en realidad era un policía. pedro fue detenido. las cosas estaban mal.


Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.50.46 PM



llegó a la cárcel. para una semana. su abuelo lo rescató. Su abuelo estaba decepcionado.

él no habló con él.

Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.52.22 PM



Pedro era triste.  tenía lamentar. él no quería hacerlo. que quería un futuro. venta de drogas detenido.

Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.52.41 PM







que un día iba a la tienda. sus amigos estaba allí. d

ijeron

hola a él. le pidió que fuera a una fiesta. pedro pensado en ello. él dijo que sí.



Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.53.02 PM





por la noche, se vistió. él fue a la fiesta. primero, fue muy divertido. luego se puso malo. que empezó a vender drogas. que se lo pidió. el dijo que no. el se fue.




Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.54.10 PM



Screen Shot 2013-04-05 at 1.54.10 PM
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British Petroleum Oil Spill - Ellen & Jhonas

FINAL BP OIL SPILL


About the Oil Spill: 

The Deep Horizon Oil rig was a platform designed to extract oil from deep sea regions at 35,000 feet. On April 20, 2010, the wellhead head blew out extracting 70,000 barrels of crude oil a  day from the well. The immediate consequence of the blowout was the death of 11 BP workers in which BP was later convicted of manslaughter in a case that also brought regulation, heavy fines and clean up cost.


Each institution both public and private reacted differently to the BP oil spill. Public institutions created more regulations to make sure that a disasters like this wouldn't happen again. For example cement that was test by BP to be bad cement was put on the well to cap and it failed and made the situation worse. In addition to that the federal government made BP pay $1.5 billion in penalties for failing to regulate themselves and were forced to pay for the losses of damaged communities. The EPA was in charge of cleaning up the oil spill, maintain wildlife, and continue constant environmental testing until everything was self sustaining.


Private institutions like BP have used the is opportunity to boost their image. For example BP committed $4 billion over the next 10 years to help suffering communities and wildlife. Than they create ads to make them look better there for creating a better image for the company but while helping the community and the environment via monetary policy.


Infographic Design Tips:

  1. Be concise: We will talk about on topic and keep it short and simple with appropriately sized words.

  2. Be visual: We will have pictures and charts to portray the amount of money used throughout the whole environmental disaster.

  3. Be smarter: We will be smart about presenting our information and make sure that we have every key component in our presentation.

  4. Be transparent: We will present our information and be very brief because we do not want to confuse our viewers. We want to get the project on a flow and show viewers that this topic is very straightforward.

  5. Be different: I are making a money timeline that will take the viewers on a growing bard of money that has been spent and state why it is important to emphasize this.

  6. Be accurate: We have collected a lot of information from different sources: videos, websites, newspapers, etc.

  7. Be attractive: We will be short and concise with our presentation and will not show anything that is not needed or relevant.

  8. Be varied: We will have a wide variety of how the company and the govern has spent money on the environmental disaster.

  9. Be gracious: We will keep the presentation very formal and easy to understand with many pictures to bring the viewer on a virtual tour.

  10. Be creative: We are going to include many pictures so the viewers can visually experience the oil spill’s impact on the environment. Money timeline...not seen very often.

Annotated Bibliography:

Richard, Michael. "BP Gulf Oil Spill Cheat Sheet: A Timeline of Unfortunate Events."TreeHugger. MNN HOLDINGS,

05 May 2010. Web. 01 Apr. 2013.

<http://www.treehugger.com/corporate-responsibility/bp-gulf-oil-spill-cheat-sheet-a-timeline-of-unfortunate-events.html>.


In this source, the writer talks about how the BP Oil Spill occurred and the different hazards that it offered to the Gulf of Mexico. The writer goes on to tell the the story through different articles and showed how the public reacted to the oil spill and how BP tried to calm the situation down by assuming the role of an environmentally friendly company.


The writer did this in a time line format which was very helpful because everything was in order and well kept. This source also provided a lot of environmental detail in the different writings about the many events that happened during the mishap. The objective of this source was to show the readers the huge environmental impact that BP tried to play off.


This information fits into the research because it shows the different goals to fix the environment and that not all of the solutions worked out correctly. This also has a good view of both the governmental reaction and the public’s reaction to the situation.


Bp Gulf Oil Spill. Huffington Post, n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

<http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/bp-gulf-oil-spill>.


These sources show the governmental and funding impact to fix up the BP Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico. The point of this article is to show the economic reaction and recovery of the spill where as other sources would have compared the reactions of other topics. This source also showed the changes for how BP approached the recovery of the animals and waters that the oil was in.


This was a useful source because I saw that there was a huge change in how the company operated and how the everything was all about keeping the face of the company positive. This was a reliable source because it is from a well known newspaper publisher and there are many contributing authors.


This source helped tell the story of the disaster because it shows how far a company will go to kee the face of the company and how far they will go with fixing everything.


United States. The White House. Washington DC: , 2013. Web

<http://m.whitehouse.gov/deepwater-bp-oil-spill>.



This mainly showed the government response to the the oil spill and how they will supposedly “fix the situation.” There response includes lots of money being poured in from the federal government to the state and local governments. It also included some investigations into the causes of the disaster and the repercussions of the disaster. It also included details of the rescue of the workers on the oil rig by the US Coast Guard in which 126 people were saved.


This source was useful because it described responses by the government during and after the disaster. It also describes what each agency or a branch from a certain agency had did specifically to contain the spill and help the people who lived in the gulf area.


The information fits the research because it describes different responses by different section s of the federal government during and after the oil spill. 


British Petroleum, . "Gulf of Mexico Restoration." (2013):

<
http://www.bp.com/sectionbodycopy.do?categoryId=47&contentId=7081352>.

This source shows BP’s response to the oil spill after they capped the well. They say they’re committed to helping the communities hurt by the oil spill and will give $4 billion to the next ten years. They also have a couple billion dollars set aside for claims by people who have damaged property, harsh living conditions, etc. They’re also doing research into the environmental impact and have done an internal investigation in which they’ve added 26 preventative measures to make sure a disaster like this doesn't happen again.


This source was useful because it depicts what the company is doing to try to fix the situation and make sure it won’t happen again. It’s also good to see what BP is doing to try to restructure their image as a company since they’re responsible for one of the worst disasters in history.


The information fits the research since it describes what the company is doing in response to the disaster.


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Exxon Valdez Oil Spill by: Goldie Robins, Cameron Klales and Maria Latorre

C:

Burton, LeVar, perf. Jack, the Seal and the Sea. Film. 22 Mar 2013.

<http://www.ket.org/tvschedules/episode.php?nola=RERA 000702>.

This episode of reading rainbow argues that the oil spill is a result of human irresponsibility. This is an episode of the popular kid’s show reading rainbow. This source tells us something about how the public reacted to the oil spill. It also has a lot of content about how our culture reacted to the oil spill.


Barley, Shanter. "Exxon Valdez Laid to Rest." Scientific American. Scientific American. Web. 22

Mar 2013.<http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=exxon-valdez-laid-to-rest>.

This article makes the argument that the oil spill is over, and all of the damage has been repaired. This article talks about some of the data from the oil spill when it started and the data now. It summarizes how we deal with things like this as a society


M:

"Office of Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (EVOS) Damage Assessment and Restoration." NOAA

Fisheries. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service is an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Web. 22 Mar 2013. <http://alaskafisheries.noaa.gov/oil/default.htm>.

This website is separated by environmental, economic, how it happens and how they are fixing it. The first paragraphs is a short summary of what happen, when it occurred, how much oil spilled and how far it want. They also talk about how now there isn’t much left, but that there is still spots that is still being affected by the curle oil.


"Oil Spill Facts." Exxon Valdez oil spill. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council. Web. 22 Mar

2013. <http://www.evostc.state.ak.us/facts/index.cfm>.

This weblink has nine different links that takes you to either to see photos, Q and A, a map to where it took place at and so on. It had dip information of what really happen “The Exxon Valdez departed from the Trans Alaska Pipeline terminal at 9:12 pm March 23, 1989. William Murphy, an expert ship's pilot hired to maneuver the 986-foot vessel through the Valdez Narrows, was in control of the wheelhouse. At his side was the captain of the vessel, Joe Hazelwood. Helmsman Harry Claar was steering.”. It also has information of how much oil was spilled. It has pictures that show what was affected by the oil spill, how the ocean looked like and the animals covered in the curle oil. A big article that explains the details of the spill. They also have the plan that they had to how to prevent another spill and what they did to recover from this.


G:


"Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989)." News. New York Times, 3 Aug. 2010. Web. 29 Mar. 2013.

<http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/e/exxon_valdez_oil_spill_1989/index.html>.

In this article it talks about the basics of the Oil Spill. What it was called, when it occurred, where it was located, and the background information and knowledge needed to be informed of this Valdez Oil Spill. It talks about at the time of the occurrence that it was the worst spill that happened in America during that time. There were so many birds and marine animals that were killed over the 1300 miles the spill has affected. Since the spill had expanded to 1300 miles, it really damaged the fish industry of sorts. The government has really put a lot of money to the process of repair. The Federal Court was still giving money in 2006, when they reduced the amount given, then later reduced it more. There has been way too much money given for repair and recovery. Although this accident was extremely bad, it help create GOOD organizations about the earth and the environment and really make more people aware from then to now. This article is really information of the different things that came out of the horrific oil spill whether good or bad and what came upon it.



Times, Richard Mauer, Special To The New York. "Unlicensed Mate Was in Charge Of Ship That Hit Reef, Exxon Says." The New York Times. The New York Times, 27 Mar. 1989. Web. 29 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/1989/03/27/us/unlicensed-mate-was-in-charge-of-ship-that-hit-reef-exxon-says.html?ref=exxonvaldezoilspill1989>.


In this article it explains more in depth of what happened the day, and really moment of this tragedy. It talks about that the person in charge, was not originally suppose to be in charge. Whether it would have mattered or not we will never know. The oil spill could have happened either way, it was just one’s man luck or another. The person who happened to be there was not licensed by the Coast Guard to pilot a tanker, which means he is being charged with Federal regulations.



Citation:

"Arctic animals need your help by March 30!." the wilderness society. 1615 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20036 . Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://wilderness.org/blog/arctic-animals-need-your-help-march-30>.


Bluestein, Greg. "Gulf oil spill now bigger than Exxon Valdez disaster." . © The Christian Science Monitor., 27 may 2010. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.csmonitor.com/From-the-news-wires/2010/0527/Gulf-oil-spill-now-bigger-than-Exxon-Valdez-disaster>.


"Exxon Valdez 20 years on - Still killing wildife." . wildlife extra. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://www.wildlifeextra.com/go/news/exxon-valdez.html


koo, Zena. "The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill." Slate. 2010 Washington Post.Newsweek Interactive Co. LLC. Web. 5 Apr 2013. <http://todayspictures.slate.com/20100324/>.


History BM Q3
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