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Marina Musgrove- Pyfrom: Capstone

MarinaMP-Capstone
​Advisor: Zoe Siswick 

Mentor: Karina Hirschfield

Click here to view my project. 

Click here to view Process Paper. 


Abstract:

After my long years here at SLA, I am most proud of my leadership in volleyball. In the beginning of 10th grade I tried out for the volleyball team. It was like I had a natural talent to play. From that day on I fell in love with the sport. Soon after I became a starter. For 11th grade, Coach Hirschfield asked me to be captain. It was definitely an honor to be chosen. However I knew there was a lot of responsibility that came along with being captain.  I did my best for my team and it showed. Hirschfield then made me captain the next year too as well. I was given the responsibility to call incoming freshman, run practices, send emails and etc. Although I am very sad that my last volleyball season is over, moving up to the top division definitely made it worth it. Jokingly, my teammates would play around and say, “I don’t know what we’re going to do without you being captain next year.” I thought about that statement and agreed. No one will be able to feel my shoes next year. However, I came up with a plan to help the volleyball team next year, without being there physically. That’s where my capstone comes in.  My capstone is to create a manual for girls interested in playing high school volleyball. The manual consists of important information, exercises, and etc. Hopefully the manual I create will be used throughout the years to come.


Annotated Bibliography:


  1. "How Does Participating in a Sport Relieve Stress?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/533771-how-does-participating-in-a-sport-relieve-stress/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport relieves stress. They explained that by drawing your concentration toward your activity and away from the responsibilities waiting for you at home and at work will reduce the pressure.
  2. "Do Sports Help Improve Grades?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/506980-do-sports-help-improve-grades/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport improves grades. For certain students, playing a sport can provide motivation for improved academic performance. At most schools there are grade requirements in order to be eligible to play the sport. Therefore, because they have high expectations to follow it drives them to overcome obstacles and improve performance in an academic setting.
  3. "Is It Good for Kids to Play Sports?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/400619-is-it-good-for-kids-to-play-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport has health advantages for athletes. Playing a sport is good because it burns calories, strengthens bones, challenges their cardiorespiratory system and improves flexibility and muscular endurance.
  4. "Do Sports Keep Teens Out of Trouble?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/291502-do-sports-keep-teens-out-of-trouble/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how participation in a recreational sport keeps teens out of trouble. It explained that researchers observed that high-level physical activity is an important part of helping kids develop self esteem. Also it says that a sport introduces your kids to a new group of kids which creates long lasting friendships.
  5. "Are the Kids Who Play Sports Less Likely to Do Drugs?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/228191-are-the-kids-who-play-sports-less-likely-to-do-drugs/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are less likely to use drugs. The article explains that because an athlete has a busy schedule it may interfere with the use of recreational drug. Basically it says because most of their time is dedicated to sports they have no time to engage in using drugs.
  6. "Are Kids Healthier That Play Organized Sports?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/367799-are-kids-healthier-that-play-organized-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are likely to be healthier. It says playing a sport can help and depression.your child's psychological well-being. Participating in a physical activity can reduce anxiety 
  7. "5 Good Reasons to Join Sports." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/511882-5-good-reasons-to-join-sports/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses why playing a sport is beneficial. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about athletes who participate in a recreational sport are more likely to have healthier lifestyle. They explained how a study proved female athletes were less likely to engage in sexual behavior. Also both genders report a higher incidence of eating fruits and vegetables than those who are not involved in sports.
  8. "Reasons to Be a Volleyball Player." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/454877-reasons-to-be-a-volleyball-player/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses reasons why you should be a volleyball player. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my mission statement. An interesting point the article discussed was about how playing volleyball enhances the major muscle group in your body. Also the article explains that volleyball can be a fun recreational activity that fosters friendships. Some sports can seem intimidating for new people, however in volleyball players must work together to keep the ball in the air and send it back over the net. Therefore, cooperation is essential for every play, so teammates are there to help each other and interact.
  9. "Traits of a Good Volleyball Player." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/539677-traits-of-a-good-volleyball-player/>.For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses traits of a good volleyball player. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea practice/conditioning and what to expect in the season . An interesting point the article discussed was about how certain traits are required to be a good volleyball player. However, because volleyball is a dynamic sport with a variety of people playing all traits are not needed for one person. It also explains that every player has his or her's strengths and weakness. So the key to winning the game is using each person strengths to take over the court.
  10. "Five Fitness Components for Volleyball." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/509614-five-fitness-components-for-volleyball/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness components needed to succeed in volleyball. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea practice/conditioning and what to expect in the season. An interesting point the article discussed was about how certain traits are required to be a good volleyball player. It described a variety of drills used to enhance skills such as speed, quickness, core strength, lower-body strength and upper-body strength. Also it explained how the ability to combine all those skills on the court in a split second is essential for winning the game.
  11. "Volleyball Footwork Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/146965-volleyball-footwork-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed in volleyball. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. An interesting point the article discussed was about how simple drills can help a volleyball player improve their footwork, focus and agility.
  12. "Volleyball Hitting Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/266492-volleyball-hitting-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. The article explained how hitting is one of the most fundamental aspects in volleyball. Without good hitters, a team will struggle to score and most likely lose.
  13. "Home Volleyball Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/146807-home-volleyball-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. However, what makes this resource special is that it explains the various drills you can do to improve your skills at home. Many volleyball players can practice at home to perfect their technique.
  14. 1. "At Home Volleyball Drills for Beginners." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/110056-home-volleyball-drills-beginners/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. However, what makes this resource special is that it explains the various drills you can do to improve your skills at home. The drills provided in this article are for beginners only. This is perfect for beginner volleyball players so they can practice at home to enhance their technique.
  15. "Volleyball Arm Swing Drills." LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/445444-volleyball-arm-swing-drills/>. For my manual, this article will be extremely useful because it discusses the different fitness drills needed to succeed on the volleyball court. I will use the certain topics mentioned in the article particularly in my page about idea workout to improve as a an athlete. This resources explains how arm swing drills are designed to improve the power and force behind your spikes and serves during a volleyball game. Strong spikes and serves are key to winning a game. Also the repetition of arm swing drills can help improve your arm strength.



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Dinvil, Sierra Capstone

Something you may not know about me is that I love to bake. Cookies, cakes, pies, anything you name it! This is why for my 4th quarter benchmark I chose to do a blog on baking. Throughout the course of several months I have been experimenting with different baking techniques so that I could not only bake the things that I love but also learn how to bake new things that I haven't mastered yet or never baked before. Overall, I learned a lot about the things that I baked/created and hopefully other people can learn something from my capstone as well.





My Capstone.



ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY


Works Cited

"30 Techniques To Create An Effective Blog." WPWebHost RSS. N.p., 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. I used this source to help me with the content of my blog. Things such as formatting, pictures, how much to write, etc. This source gives tips on how to create a blog that is effective and introduces different techniques on how to approach this. I wasn't already aware of some of these things before, so I find this source to be helpful.


Appleton, Rebecca. "What Makes For An Effective Blog Post?" Search Marketing Standard. N.p., 16 May 2010. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. I used this source to help with the content of my blog. It has a little bit more useful information than some of the other sources I've used for this purpose. Some things are repetitive, but overall I this source is very insightful and is helping me get on the right track for when I actually start my blog.


"Cookie Decorating Tips: King Arthur Flour." Cookie Decorating Tips: King Arthur Flour. King Arthur Flour Company, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. Although this source had a few good tips, it wasn't a very helpful source. It gave cookie decorating tips but only using their products. Before viewing the source I wasn't aware that this was a company giving advice. This caused for the article to be a little biased.


Currah, Alice. "Classic Vanilla Buttercream Frosting." Savory Sweet Life. N.p., 12 Mar. 2010. Web. 28 Jan. 2013. For a couple weeks, I will be working with different icings. One thing I wanted to try was a buttercream icing. This is a potential recipe I could be using for my buttercream icing.


"Decorating Bag Tips." Decorating Tips. Wilton Industries, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. This site just gives me an idea of what kinds of icing bag tips I would need to use in order to ice my cookies and cake a certain way.


"FOOD REVIEW: Sample the Culinary Magic of the next Jamie or Delia." This Is Grimsby. Local World, 9 Mar. 2011. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Since I will be having people review my food, I wanted to research some key points that I should have people touch on. I found this source to be insightful and has definitely given me some good questions to ask when coming up with my food evaluation form.


Frazier, Christine. "How to Make Your Baking Healthy." No Meat Athlete. No Meat Athlete, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. In my science and society class we talked a lot about how to eat healthier. With this being said, I wanted to think of different things I can use when baking to make what I'm baking better for you, yet still tasty. This website helps with this.


"How to Write a Food Review." Article Base. N.p., 8 July 2010. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Since I will be having people review my food, I wanted to research some key points that I should have people touch on. I found this source to be insightful and has definitely given me some good questions to ask when coming up with my food evaluation form.


Johnston, Karlynn. "How To: Make The Best Buttercream Icing." The Kitchen Magpie. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013. For my blog I made a batch of cookies. I decided that it would be a good idea to maybe put icing on a few of them. I didn't have any store bought icing, so I came up with the idea of making some myself. This was one of the several recipes that I've found, however I decided to execute this one.


Keyser, Wayne. "Soft, Moist Homebaked Bread That Stays That Way." CHOW. N.p., 24 Dec. 2006. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. I haven't yet used this source, but it will be helpful when I am making my banana bread. It will help me with making my bread more moist which is a problem I have been experiencing in the past.


Murphy, Samantha. "5 Tips to Take Food Photos Good Enough to Eat." Mashable. N.p., 11 Aug. 2012. Web. 31 Jan. 2013. This article gives tips on how to take pictures of foods. This is helpful because when I take pictures of the different things I bake I would like them to come out looking as best as possible. I had no perspective on this before, so now I know of a few different things I can do to visually spruce up the things that I bake.


Nairobi, Kenya. "The Dos and Don'ts of Baking." All Voices. N.p., 27 Apr. 2010. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Although I consider myself a good baker, I don't really know the ins and outs of baking. This source gives me one person's perspective on what to do and not to do when baking. I found this source to be very insightful because it talked several things that I never really thought of.


O'Neal, Janet. "Fruit Pizza Recipe." Taste of Home. Reiman Media Group, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. I already have a recipe that I use to make fruit pizza. However, I wanted to find an alternate idea for the crust. This source gives me an idea on how to alter my crust to hopefully improve it.


Singer, Zoe. "Gluten-Free Recipes and Tips." Epicurious. Condé Nast, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. Another thing I wanted to learn about was gluten free baking. I've never done this before and so I am very interested in experimenting with it. This website gives several tips on this topic.


"Strawberry Cream Cheese Frosting Recipe ~ Cupcake Project." Cup Cake Project. N.p., 10 June

2008. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. This is another recipe to add for my icings. This involved using fresh fruit which is something that I wanted to incorporate in my capstone: baking with fresh fruit.


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Morgan Marant Capstone Project

​Abstract

My capstone was a two part portion that included doing two mini-sessions on how to stay in college. The first session took place on August 26,2013 at the school district building. The focus of that session was how to eat healthy and take care of yourself spiritually while in college. The main speaker was my mother Leslie Marant. The turn out was pretty successful, 15 people were in attendance. Many of these students were apart of the Philly Goes 2 College scholars program. My next session is scheduled to take place on Friday, June 7th at Science Leadership Academy. The purpose of my capstone was to take my experiences during the college application process and share it with other students. I also learned a lot from the speakers, so this experience was truly useful to me and hopefully those who attended. 


Capstone Annotated Bib


1. "RAD Self Defense Courses." RAD Self Defense Course » Penn Public Safety. University of Pennsylvania, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


2. Dodge, Allison. "How to Create a Business Conference at a College." Small Business. Houston Chronicle, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


3. "Student Health and Wellness Services." Overview. Spelman College, n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


4. "Top 10 Tips for Eating Healthy in College." JDRF Improving Lives Curing Type 1 Diabetes. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


5. Slide, Casey. "How to Eat Healthy in College." Money Crashers. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


6. Schwab, Nikki. "Self-Defense Classes Gain Popularity on College Campuses." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 19 Aug. 2009. Web. 31 May 2013.


7. "Self Defense for Girls | Things Every College Girl Should Know." Things Every College Girl Should Know RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


8. Berett, Dan. "Research." The Chronicle of Higher Education. N.p., 19 Apr. 2011. Web. 31 May 2013.


9. Lucier, Kelsey Lynn. "How to Stay Organized in College." About.com College Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.


10. "12 Tips on Winning a Scholarship." Fastweb. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 May 2013.

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Christian Gelbolingo Capstone

​Project Statement/Abstract:

For my Capstone, I knew right off the bat that I wanted it to be community service based. Community service is something I feel extremely passionate about and it is something I know I will continue doing even after I graduate from high school. Being involved with BuildOn and MANNA was the most significant experience that I've ever had. Familiarizing myself with both community service organizations has helped me discover what I’d like to do for my forthcoming profession, which is nursing. Initially, after learning that BuildOn would not be working with us this year, I wanted to create a community service group/club targeting underclassmen. I wanted the younger students of SLA to have the same experience that I did and hopefully discover themselves and what they would like to do in the future the same way community service did for me. However; another senior had already come up with the same idea for his capstone, so I had to think of another way to involve community service into my capstone. I had a lot of ideas for what I wanted my capstone to be, but my biggest struggle was narrowing it down. After speaking to countless seniors about what they wanted to do with their capstones, I figured it out. My plan was to target a specific issue, and raise awareness for that issue. The issue could be on a global, domestic, or local scale. I chose to target hunger in Philadelphia because Philadelphia has one of the highest ranks of hunger in the US. My final product is a keynote presentation that explains my community service experience as well as information about hunger and non-profit organizations in Philadelphia to get readers to take action.


Mentor:

Stephanie Dunda


Final product:

Coin Drive and PSA posters about hunger in Philadelphia. (In the keynote presentation)


Annotated Bibliography:

"Christian Gelbolingo Capstone: Annotated Bibliography" or copy and paste "https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1oeKtr-Qe4m8UXAdMPFU-GdLXdA4_qdVw0lkcoypCi6Y/edit?usp=sharing" into your address bar


Process Paper:

"Christian Gelbolingo Capstone: Process Paper" or copy and paste "https://docs.google.com/document/d/1qMnHRiKdJbYldhk7XupPnH32nkqW7LG1x67JYlY2IyY/edit?usp=sharing" into your address bar

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Capstone: Educating Zoo Guests

To view my capstone, please click here.

Abstract: I have loved animals ever since I received my first pet, a dog named Rex. After going on a class trip to the zoo, my interest sprung beyond the point of return. I remember a zoo worker telling my first grade class about ways to help animals in the wild. At that young age, I never realized that certain animals species were in danger of going extinct. However, I did know that it was by obligation to spend my lifetime helping them. When I heard that we would be doing a capstone project, I senses that it would be the perfect opportunity to spread my conservation ideas to people that were willing to help. The obvious place to do this was at the place that I spent my tenth grade ILP, the Philadelphia Zoo. It was my hope that the zoo and I could work together to learn more about zoo visitor statistics and improve the experience of the zoo's educational program accordingly. Thus, I would record the amount of engaged zoo visitors (based on my definition of engaged) at select "exploration stations" scattered throughout the zoo. To compliment this, I took notes on the exploration stations themselves, recording whether information about the animal in discussion was presented in a visual, audio, or other type of format and how successful it seemed to be. After completing this project, I was able to share my useful data with the zoo, which allowed them to take advantage of it for future education methods.
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Water Pump Design Capstone

Abstract

For my capstone I want to redesign the UNICF water pumps that are used in developing countries such as Malawi, Africa. These water pumps are miles away from some families, they are fragile, and they do not provide enough water for all the work that is being put in to pump it. I want to design sturdier and easier to use pumps that will be closer to the families. The reason why I am passionate about this project is from my personal experience in Africa using the pumps. While I was there the pump broke and it took a few minutes to pump a bucket of water. The most horrifying part was that my family was a 45-minute walk from the water pump and some families were even farther.  Water is a pivotal aspect to life and should be easy to access. By producing and perhaps designing a functional water pump, I think that it will show my research and knowledge of engineering. This capstone will also show my growth in building and critical thinking skills.

The design I had in mind for my capstone was to design water pumps that have multiple purposes and I ened up with a pump that is similar to a soccer goal. When the ball hits the panels it will generate energy and power a piston. That piston will bring up ground water, that will be drinkable due to the ceramic filtering. I have the complete design on google sketch up ( with the link to dropbox is below).

 
Click to Download my Capstone 


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Michelle Torelli, Capstone 2013


Mentors(s): Ms.Echols, VK

  Plastics are essential throughout the world. There are no alternatives other than polymerized materials. Changes can be made to the current practices of plastics. Experiments were held to test durability, bond energy, and surface/optimizing calculations to make biodegradable water bottles. I chose this project because not only for my passion for engineering, but my passions for revolutionizing our world through different lenses. Whether it be language, bottles, engineering, etc; the world can change. I really enjoyed this project because I can use my skills that I've learned at SLA and implement it in my capstone, something that SLA encourages for all its students. Attached will be a single link.

Link to my whole capstone (process paper, research paper and product, bibliography):

Click HERE 


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Thenry Capstone

Abstract: 

The purpose of this project was to help me gain a better understanding of computer coding.  I've always been interested in the process that goes into making things appear on a computer screen or within  a window on a program when playing video games.  I decided to try my hand at making a game with help from my four day a week computer science class.  Since I decided to use processing™ I gained more experience using a computer language based on Java.  Through the process of thinking of a game to make and then writing the code for it, I believe that I am more prepared for my intended major which may involve coding with a language like java.



This is where my bibliography can be found :

https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1ryBHsZrFZJXTpXVt9EJKlDeVtCim5uLV2noDoPdyajU/edit?usp=sharing

Here is the project that I wrote code into for my capstone: 

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/2205990/application.macosx.zip

^the football game^




https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/2205990/Spacey.zip

^spacey^



Below are several screenshots :
Screen Shot 2013-05-29 at 2.49.14 PM
Screen Shot 2013-05-31 at 10.01.58 PM
Screen Shot 2013-05-31 at 10.02.09 PM
Screen Shot 2013-06-09 at 11.45.57 PM
Screen Shot 2013-06-09 at 11.46.21 PM
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Capstone Magazine

http://www.joomag.com/magazine/slaq/0447023001368991221

Link to Process Paper: https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/document/d/1pK_1awgAq83UI3TtxaSn639bqPHPGL5aLDAlYPUIlWc/edit?usp=sharing
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Yasmeen Brownlee Capstone

​Link to Website

Link to Google Doc

Physical things:
-Photo Album
-Sketch Book

Computer was frozen for two days:
Process Paper
    For this senior project called a capstone I was able to choose a topic that interested me that I wanted to create my own project on. The topic that I choose was drawing as well as photography, which I explored in many different ways. First was that I had three different camera as well as different methods and mediums for taking pictures, one was film and the other was digital. Also after I had taken the picture I later tried my best at drawing the image, sometimes inking it up or plain coloring it in.
    I chose this project firstly because during the summer I had recently bought myself a professional grade DSLR camera for my love of taking pictures. Also because I bought this new DLR I wanted to put it to use, and I believed adding my talents as a photographer and an artist was a way to push myself to new limits and further my ability.
    This project covers the SLA core values because of the many components involved. The first value inquiry was involved when I was researching different photographers as well as how to take different types of images. Which was very interesting because of the vast amount of information I was able to uncover. Also another core value is collaboration, which was covered through my mentor Mr. Herman who is a photographer and he gave me plenty of tips on how to take pictures. Also my Uncle Sultan who showed me some of the basics of drawing and what I needed to change in my images. Reflection played a role after the whole process as well as during when I questioned the quality of my images and how I could do better. Also in the end when I reviewed everything that I did and though about what I would do differently. Presentation played it’s part in this project when I photoshopped some of my images, as well as creating a website to present my images on.
    I took a lot of steps in trying to complete this project first was trying to figure out what exactly I would photograph or take pictures of. Another was making the website so that my images would be visible to many more people than myself.
    I didn’t encounter that many obstacles throughout this project, but I was able to overcome most of them. One obstacle was the fact that I myself wanted to learn and develop the film I took on my own but I was never able to do that so I just went to CVS and processed the film that way.
    First of all I used WIX which is a site to create websites, in which I used to create my own website. Another was My mentor as well as advisor and I relied on him for tips and information on what to do with my pictures as well as how to take them. I also us Photoshop to edit pictures that I took for the better or worse, so that I could see which I liked better. I relied on my mom for buying me the materials that I needed like a photo album to put pictures as well as a photo printer. I used a Canon Selphy printer to print all of my digital images, which came out in fabulous quality
    I am most proud of the quality of my pictures over time and how far I was able to come from not even knowing how to use my DSLR camera. I am proud of the places I was able to travel to with my camera so that not only I could capture the site in an image, but I was able to enjoy myself. I’m proud that I impressed people that I was able to get my first paid gig as a photographer of my baby cousin, and how happy I made the mother with the quality of my pictures.
    I learned so much from this process I’m almost not sure where to begin and what I learned the most. First I learned how to come pretty close to mastering what a Nikon DSLR camera can do in my hands as well as the quality of my pictures that won’t hesitate in its increasing ability of my photography. I learned how to create my own website, while adding my own unique touch that made it look like no other. I learned how to use a telephoto lens in low light as well as action settings. I learned to always charge my battery because the best things happen when you can’t even use your camera. I learned how to set up and use a wireless printer, that can be used from a phone as well as from and inserted memory card.
    If I were  to do this capstone all over the first thing I would do is find a way to develop my own film so I could get the experience that I truly desire. I would also try and narrow down on what it was that I would be taking photographs of because it would have been a lot easier to study as well as perfect. I would have taken many more pictures in film, so that I could explore old and vintage as well as how it effects the image. I would have brought a waterproof camera to get some amazing underwater shots. I would have also saved up to buy a telephoto lens so that I could practice with it, also so I didn’t have to be so close to the subjects I would be photographing.
    This is a tricky question I guess SLA ins a better place because I am helpful to many and attitude towards life influences everyone to do better. Also I took on the projects head on even though I may have stumbled a few times the SLA community including the staff helped to steady me back upright on my feet. I wasn’t afraid to join a group I don’t normally work or interact with and take charge. I utilized most of the things handed out to us like staying after for help on work, or just to understand teachers. I was able to leave an impression on the future generation, the fact that I was able to help the freshman while they also felt comfortable asking me questions.



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Qmalik Capstone

Link to my Process Paper

Link to my Presentation (:

For my senior Project I decided to make a visual compare and contrast of Pakistani and American Culture. There are two reasons of why I chose this for my capstone project. One is that being living in USA, I must have enough knowledge about American culture and traditional values and their histories. The second one is that I always wanted to teach other about Pakistan so I decided to do this project. Me and my sister conducted a deep and thorough research about these two entirely different cultures in the world. Since it was hard to include and portray each and every factor that makes up the culture of both countries, I made three canvases which show three main differences in between these two cultures. I tried my best to make them not look like a kid's art work because I did painting for the first time so it was difficult to make them look like more realistic.

 Bibliography

1.  "Trendpak." : Trend of Culture Pakistan. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013. <http://trendpak.blogspot.com/2011/04/trend-of-culture-pakistan.html>.


This source provides information about the culture of Pakistan. The information based on cultures and traditions is divided into the sections of all four provinces which then include the total mass, population, languages and dresses of each province. Although I already knew a lot of information provided in this resource but it still helped me in refreshing of all that information in my mind. It is very effective resource because it includes the portraits and paintings of culture which is really helpful for me because of same idea of painting for this project. In short, it provided me enough information and helped in organizing the ideas.


2.   Kwait, Derek M. Differences between Pakistan & the U.S. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.ehow.com/info_8529305_differences-between-pakistan-usa.html>.


           One limitation of this source was that it just discussed about religion, government, culture, education and women. There are many other components out there which can be added to enhance the complexity and information of the source and give the reader more information besides above components. Overall I would say, this source was a good one to share and compare the two countries, who are religiously and culturally different. Still I am able to gather the things which are required for my project.


3.   Pavri, Tinaz. "Countries and Their Cultures." Pakistani Americans. Jrank, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013

<http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Le-Pa/Pakistani-Americans.html>.


I selected this source because its beyond the discussion of Pakistani culture. It not only talks about the simple term"Culture" but divides the components which make the culture together such as cuisine, traditional dresses, languages, dances and songs, holidays and celebrations, families and community dynamics, weddings and funerals, religion and etc. Besides this, it also talks a little about the history and immigration wave before partition. This source can help a lot in collecting a lot of ideas to start off with the project.


4. "Culture of Unites States." Martinfrost.ws. Martinfrost, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/american_culture.html>.


Similar to the upper one (based on the components that add up to make a culture), this source discusses is very beneficial to gather ideas. But the only difference is that this one is about the Culture of the United States. It also have important and well organized ideas which make up culture of U.S. Names, food, popular culture, technology, sports, clothing, education, language, religion, jobs, housing, relationships, gender roles etc, are discussed very thoroughly in this source which is the proof of reliability of this source.


5. "US Culture." Kwintessential.co.uk. Kwintessential, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/usa.html>.


I really liked this source because it not just keep talking about the above components of culture including language but also goes beyond to them and discusses about the etiquettes of business, dining, greetings, giving gifts, communication, which is very interesting to learn about. Other than this it also includes the facts and statistics about location, capital, population, climate and diversity. This source is different than others because of the reason that I discussed above. It also helped me in getting to know about the etiquettes of different classes in U.S.


6. "Over 55 Years’ Experience of English Language Teaching." St Giles International. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.stgiles-international.com/forms/General_cultural_information_usa.pd>.


This document gives information about American customs, and discusses those points which are obviously different than other cultures and traditions. It gives a very detailed information about the manners of people at different places such as on road, public transportations, crosswalks, social behaviour, “Excuse me” and contact. The reason why I chose this is because it is different than other documents and gives information which is very detailed and also discussed in an organized manner.


7. "Culture and Ethnic Groups | USA.gov." Culture and Ethnic Groups | USA.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/History-Culture.shtml>.


This source gives information about not only American culture including folklife, holiday, social and cultural history, facts about American flag, but also about African American history and culture, Asian American history and culture, Hispanic and Latino history and culture and native Americans history and culture. This source doesn’t help a lot but still it can be said that this source can be used for this project to learn different histories and cultures of United States.


8. "Pakistan Culture." Kwintessential.co.uk. Kwintessential, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/pakistan.html>.


Similar to one of the above resources, this one also discusses about the facts and statistics of Pakistani language, culture and religion. It also gives knowledge about the etiquettes of different classes just like in America. The whole resource is classified into sub-sections which then give information about location, populations, ethnic makeup, religions, society and culture (Islam, family and hierarchical society), etiquettes and customs. It also gives knowledge about the etiquettes of dining, business and gift giving etc, which is really helpful and also marks this source as a reliable source.


9. Kartha, Deepa. "The Culture of Pakistan." Buzzle.com. Buzzle.com, 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<.http://www.buzzle.com/articles/the-culture-of-pakistan.html>.


This source tells about the culture, architecture, art , literature and social culture. Tells that pakistani culture is not limited to urdu but a lot of work written in language. Specially government paper matters and laws are written in english. About social culture that mostly Pakistanis are conservative in nature, In short it gives a lot information for their beleifs and thoughts.


10. "Pakistan Culture." , Pakistan State Culture, Pakistani Culture, Tourism. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://pakistan.saarctourism.org/pakistan-culture.html>.


This tourism website gives information about Pakistan; its culture and places. The reason why I chose this because it provides information about history and mainly culture to attract tours to make a visit of the country. I just wanted to use this source because of the reliability of this website which is very significant in order to judge a source.


11. ":: PAKISTAN CULTURE :: Ministry of Culture ... Government of Pakistan ::." :: PAKISTAN CULTURE :: Ministry of Culture ... Government of Pakistan ::. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.pakistanculture.org/index1.php


I selected this source because of many reasons. This is a website of Pakistani culture which just provides information and knowledge of each and everything and every culture’s information. This one source is enough for getting all knowledge of Pakistani culture such as Pakistani people and land, historical perspectives, cultural heritage and archaeological heritage.


12. "American Culture through Painting." Library.csi.cuny.edu. Library.csi, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/335/02ATArtworks.pdf>.


One limitation of this source is that it just gives description and understanding of American culture through painting and sculptures. Besides this, there are many things which could be added to increase its reliability. Although it provides some portraits and paintings of American culture but those are not enough for understanding for my project but still it gives me a little idea of what my painting should look like and how should I reflect culture in drawings.


13. "Prof. A. R. NAGORI." Prof. A. R. Nagori. N.p., 30 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2013.

<http://www.arnagori.com/works/category/2-return-to-sphinx.html>.


This one is an official website of a Pakistani artist A.R Nagori which includes his paintings about every topic. I chose this one because it does have paintings about different cultures of Pakistan which is really helpful because those paintings give me ideas of how a typical cultural painting should look like. Examples of paintings include landscapes of Thar, village and Karachi city.


14. "Architecture of USA." Wikipedia.org. Wiki, n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2013.

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_the_United_States>.


Wikipedia gives a lot of useful information about any topic or issue or whatever. This is a wikipedia source which is about the architecture of United States. I would be including architecture of both countries. Therefore I chose this source because it provides me information about the architecture of U.S. I already have enough information of Pakistani architecture which is why I didn’t include any source for Pakistani architecture. In short, it has enough detailed information about U.S architecture and its developments since its history.


15.  Evans, Marrion Boddy. "Learn to Paint: Your First Ever Painting." About.com Painting. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Jan. 2013.

<http://painting.about.com/od/paintingforbeginners/a/first_painting.htm>.

I looked up for such sources and selected this one because it gives me enough information about how to paint. It also points out some strategies to begin with the painting including materials, decisions, steps, finding ideas, safely usage of colors etc and etc. This is so helpful because it provides information for beginners and I needed this information because I am going to do painting for the first time.


Here is the collage of paintings I drew
Enjoy!!!
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Isabella Tognini Capstone

Project: "Ode to Teenagehood"

Mentor: Eileen Tognini

​I started this school year, assuming that I should make a capstone that has to do with what I wanted to do in college, which is to study business and economics. Though after awhile and have a few suggestions from friends and family, I figured that I should save all of that for college, and do something hands-on and creative, which I won't get much of a chance to do in college. This made me think about a big part of my life, which is art. My Mother, Eileen Tognini is an art curator, and I've always lived with art in my house. Since I'm such a supporter of art and because the school district isn't so supportive of art classes, I figured I'd create something that embraces the art community at SLA, an area in which I love to collaborate in. The first part of this capstone was a Van's Custom Culture competition. Ms. Hull and I selected a handful of students who would help out with the design of four pairs of shoes. This part took some serious management and time to finish. The second part of my capstone was an art gallery in the third floor ballroom, called "Ode to Teenagehood". My goal for the space was to exhibit what we create in high school, including poems, sketches, paintings, and photographs. For my entire project, I collaborated with many students, one of them being my partner, Bernicia.



Bibliography:  https://docs.google.com/document/d/1I9GCJwGRkGUlg8AvjWDq56lsGS2iXhMmZVgU4qVpnvA/edit?usp=sharing



Photos:



image
_DSC0181 - Version 2
Wynn_Vans_Mash-up
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Capstone

Name: Tyler J. Morales

Mentors: Matthew N. Van Kouwenberg, Dr. Derrick H. Pitts

Capstone Summary:Reflected on my process of running and creating Project S.P.A.C.E. at The Franklin Institute to create a business paper outlining how to create a program.

Abstract:

Nowadays there isn’t a central format for how to create a program at an institution or organization.  Many people start their own programs from scratch because they have no real guideline for how to start. The hope for this paper is to teach the reader how to create a program step-by-step. The process of creating one includes 6 steps that cover it all: Creating an Idea, Create a Team and Present your Idea, Research, Experiment, Cycle of Refinement, and Make it Accessible to Youth/Adult to Join. The results are you get a functioning youth or adult program out of using this detailed process. The other results are the accomplishments of the students in Project S.P.A.C.E. which is used as an example for the paper.


Link to Business Paper
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SOAP!

Over the past four months I have been working on soap. The chemistry of soap, the chemistry of how soap cleans, and how to make soap! I have made three different fragrances of soap with the same recipe. I made each batch alone so I unfortunately do not have video or pictures of me making the soap. Included is a link to my website that I have created for all viewers. On there you will find the history of soap, the chemistry, and a little bit about what I did. Included on the RESOURCES page is a button titles bibliography. Please click it to reach my bibliography. Enjoy!  

CLICK HERE! 
____________________________________________________________________________ 

Click for PROCESS PAPER

____________________________________________________________________________

Click for PRESENTATION
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Catherine Nardone Capstone: SAT Guidebook

Abstract: This is my Capstone. My senior project was to create a guidebook to pass down to the next classes so that they can learn how to become an effective student teacher. This guidebook was made off of my own experiences and can definitely be built upon if absolutely necessary. 

Here is a link to my annotated bibliography.

Here is a link to my process paper.
CNARDONE_CAPSTONE_HERMAN
CNARDONE_PRESENTATION_HERMAN
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Abe Musselman - Capstone

I created a handbook to help student musicians at SLA get started with learning music, specifically guitar. It includes lessons on basic music theory, guitar techniques, and equipment usage. The book also features over 30 chord sheets and guitar TABs of popular songs that build basic skills. I believe it is an important resource to have around next year, considering the massive budget cuts we're expecting. SLA's music resources are already sparse, and this book will be useful to students who want to learn music on their own. I'm hoping the guide will also prevent students from breaking the equipment we do have from misuse.

SLA has a vibrant musical community, but does not have the resources to provide students with adequate opportunities to grow as musicians and to learn more advanced skills. What I hope to accomplish through this book is to provide students with the basics and to help them take the next steps toward learning music on their own. In this way, it's also a reflection on the past 5 years of my life, in which I spent hours on YouTube and Ultimate-Guitar.com trying to learn guitar.

The handbook is currently hosted online as a Google Doc, but will be printed soon and available for use in the music room.

Link to Project:
http://tinyurl.com/AMusselmanCapstoneFinal

Link to Bibliography:
http://tinyurl.com/AMusselmanBibliography

Link to Process Paper:
http://tinyurl.com/AMusselmanCapstoneProcessPaper



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Ryan Harris Capstone

Mentor: Chris White Social Studies Teacher at Independence Charter School

At first, my capstone was going to be instructing my own class at my old middle school: Independence Charter School. After some consulting with my mentor, we decided to consolidate the idea to focus on National History Day and helping the students make even better projects. I began my capstone by first introducing myself to the students, showing them that I was a student who was well-versed in these projects. My capstone then divulged into weekly meetings with 7th and 8th graders doing things like discussing their ideas, going over sources, discussing their projects, etc. Throughout the process I certainly felt that my capstone could have been better, but after finishing I learned a few important things about working with kids. First of all, I can try to put forth myself as a useful source for the kids but if their not going to utilize that source that's that. I can't do the project for them but at the same time I to do something for them. Another thing I learned was that trying to maintain the focus of kids is very difficult job. One thing I definitely struggled with was trying to have a productive conversation with the kids. Whenever I'd suggest they would give opinion and sort of blankly accept my advice. All in all, even though I felt my capstone could have been better, I still learn a lot from it. 

Annotated Bibliography


Wan, Jason; Pan, Lina; Zheng, Don; Su, Christopher. “The Disease of Hope: Mao’s Great Leap Forward”.  Weebly. 29 Jan 2013. http://18069595.nhd.weebly.com/index.html

- I used this source as a reference on how to more flesh out a website with a web designer like Weebly. Demonstrates how different little things like a slideshows, hyperlinks, videos, and even something simple like a quote at the top of the screen can really flesh out a project and make it a winner. 

Ramamoorthy, Priya; Nathan, Maanasa; Mahadevan, Smrithi. “Title IX: Empowerment Through Education”. Weebly. 29 Jan 2013. http://76705925.nhd.weebly.com/index.html

- I used this source much like the previous one. This sources how extensive one’s research can be towards a NHD project. They not only talked about their topic but nearly everything that was before and after their topic in history. 

“The Revolutionary Reaper”. Dir. Justin Myers & William Scheopner. National History Day Competition. 04 Jun 2012. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xo2dbBv76Es&feature=player_embedded

- This source was useful because it shows how audio can make documentary stand out. Use of making quality audio, and even multiple recordings are helpful to re-enforce on students. 

“The Legacy of The White Rose.” Dir. Noami Hill. National History Day Competition. 06 Jul 2012. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=767yxeIreF4&feature=player_embedded

- The source shows interlacing video within your documentary can also make it more fleshed out. The use of video, especially of really historical events, accompanied by narration makes the documentary seem more professional. 

From Revolution to Constitution: Shay’s Rebellion.” By Chad Nowlan. Dir. Chad Nowlan. Cumberland Valley High School, Washinton, DC. 28 Aug 2012. 

- This source was useful because it shows how the application of props and costumes can make a performance really stand out. It allows the audience to experience the characters more other and makes it less of just someone speaking in front of a group of people. 

“Revolutionizing Revolutions: What Gandhi Taught Us About Political Defense.” By J. Holle, C. Isenhour, S. Matthew, L. Victor, C. Yaserbi. Dir(s). J. Holle, C. Isenhour, S. Matthew, L. Victor, C. Yaserbi. Constitution Center, Philadelphia, PA. 28 Aug 2012. 

- This source was useful because it shows how a group can optimize its members to ensure that even member has an equal part and important part. 

Murray, Bridget. "Teaching Students How to Learn." Teaching Students How to Learn. American Psychological Association, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- I used this source to help me understand how to better motivate and encourage students to pursue things like their education. This way I can help motivate them to purse and follow through on their NHD projects. 

White, Ann. "American Historical Association." Teaching High School History: The Power of the Personal. American Historical Association, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- I looked this source up because I felt that I should also do research into the profession I chose to pursue. Since the pursue of the capstone to help me understand teaching and instructing, I should also look up what it’s like to be a history teacher. 

Friedman, Bruce M. "Lyceum Books -- HOW TO TEACH EFFECTIVELY A Brief Guide." Lyceum Books -- HOW TO TEACH EFFECTIVELY A Brief Guide. Lyceum Books, Inc., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013. 

-I used this to help me better understanding teaching on both a smaller and larger scale. This is useful for my capstone as well as being a teacher. 

Bradley, Cara, and Eric Green. "University of Regina." Centre for Teaching and Learning Teaching Effectively in Large Classes Comments. University of Regina: Centre for Teaching and Learning, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- I used this source to help me understand how to teach in larger classrooms. 

Lopez, Maritere, and Melissa Jordine. "World History Connected | Vol. 5 No. 3 | Maritere Lopez and Melissa Jordine: A Practical Compromise to Teaching World History: Thematic Bridges, Standards, and Technology." World History Connected | Vol. 5 No. 3 | Maritere Lopez and Melissa Jordine: A Practical Compromise to Teaching World History: Thematic Bridges, Standards, and Technology. World History Connected, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- This source was helpful because it demonstrates very effective ways for a teacher to teach world history to a group of students. 

"Project-Based Learning." Edutopia. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- This source shows how project-based learning is a very effective way to teach students. 

"Project-Based Learning: Real-World Issues Motivate Students." Edutopia. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- This source also enforces how project learning motivates students to learn. 

"Measures of Effective Teaching (MET)." - Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- This resource shows different schools who are all taking measures towards effective education. 

"Effective Teaching." Research. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2013.

- This resource shows different resources that are also taking measure towards effective education. 

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CAN'T STOP, WON'T STOP

Advisor: Ms.Dunn

My Mentor

1.My mentor is Ms. Martin because she relates most to the theme of my capstone. I feel as though she will help me progress, and give me new and improved ideas to enhance the development of my project.  

The Topic

2.For this project I’m going to create a fitness girls only fitness bootcamp. By doing this project I would like to learn the physical aspect of fitness. I would like to thoroughly examen the reasoning for poor eating habits in teen girls, and I would like to understand the differences in body types, and metabolism between men and women. 

 The GOAL

3. For the record, this project came to mind by my strong passion for health and fitness. I wanted to create a way to include all of my passions and beliefs by doing a single project instead of doing two or three, so I figured the only way to fit everything in was to do a Bootcamp. For my presentation I would be presenting my work through  visuals, and video clips. The bootcamp will require one to analyze and recall exercise and fitness tips  but only accommodated to girls. I will site and reflect upon research, and give evidence that would be used to back up my thoughts and opinions.    

  1. The product will demonstrate that I have met my goals due to my fully accomplished work, and my thorough explanations, and materials, and progress that would be shown throughout the bootcamp. 

Bibliography:

"15 Best Fat-Burning Foods | Women's Health Magazine." Womenshealthmag.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This website gives a quick list of foods that are entitled to 

re-shaping your body, and creating long lasting muscle tone. 


Abramason, Edward. Body Intelligence. New York: Mcgraw-Hill, 2005. Print. A book that gives dieting advice based on statistics, and psychological analysis. 


""Baseless Claims' It's Harder for Women to Lose Weight." NHS Choices. N.p., n.d. Web. This website gives a past, present, and future analysis of Women and weight loss. 


"Build Muscle to Lose Fat â   Fat vs Muscle Diagram." Build Muscle to Lose Fat â   Fat vs Muscle Diagram. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This shows a picture of fat and muscle, and underneath the picture it explains the benefits of gaining muscle, and how it can be achieved. 


"Calorie Counter." Realistic? N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. Shows a clear picture of body fat percentage. How a woman with muscle tone can be a size 2, and so can a woman without muscle tone. (when body fat is replaced by muscle=changes appearance) 


Myers, Christi. "Weight Loss for Women: Why It's Harder, and What Scientists Are Doing to Help." Abc13. N.p., n.d. Web. Christi Myers talks of genetics, and certain hormones that women contain that slows down weight loss. 

Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This website gives a scientific explanation on how our taste buds react to foods that are high in fat. It also gives an overview of our mental health, and how that plays such an significant role. 


"Reference Guide to Strength Training." SparkPeople. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This website goes into a more statistical view of strength training. It explains the percentage of fat loss, in correlation to performance, how this could benefit, and the after effect. 


Savard, Marie. Apples & Pears. New York: Atria, 2005. Print. Explains the unique body shapes in women, and how they are formed. This book supposedly gives a woman a whole new relationship with her body, and how she can re-create herself, to better herself. 


Silverman, Robyn J.A. Good Girls Don't Get Fat. N.p.: Harlequin, 2010. Print. States the issues of girls and weight obsessions. This book focuses on psychological aspects of the issue, and how it leads to self-esteem problems. 


"Strength Training: Key to Building Muscle & Losing Fat | StrongLifts StrongLifts." StrongLifts RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This website is about strength training; building muscle, and increasing fitness. No other way to describe it. 


"Strength Training." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Dec. 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. Goes through the History of strength training, and its principles. Explains periodization and how it benefits long term and short term. 


"Weight Loss." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Dec. 2013. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. Wikipedia gives a detailed overview of what weight loss is, and how it can be achieved. It also goes into the industry of weight loss and how businesses make their money through overweight customers. 


"What Burns More Calories: Cardio, Intervals, or Weight Training? | Nerd Fitness." Nerd Fitness. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. What burns the most calories in the least amount of time; cardio, intervals, or strength training? This is the essential question for this article. Along with answering the question the author goes into the science of dieting, and fat loss. 


"Why Is It Harder for Women to Lose Weight?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2013. This website goes more into statistics of why its harder for women to lose weight. It thoroughly explains percentages, used from real analysis.


VID-20130111-00012
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