Saamir Baker Q.3 BM

From an early point in mankind’s rules have become a staple to our community, environment, and lifestyle. Its like,  Humans create rules, and laws to create some sort of order in their lives, and can keep in reach to control. Without them  many people wouldn’t have order. We’ve all wondered why we as humans have rules that are in place to follow. If we should bend, or break the rules for something or someone, for that matter, but usually this is for a gain of some sort.  

The book “Lord of the flies” takes place on an island that had not yet been populated, until the shipwrecked boys came,. They were very lawless.  From a third-person’s view, we follow Ralph as he ventures through this trial with the other boys who are shipwrecked. In this story we witness many grabs at power of the island, but more importantly how a society that tries to become organized, with rules crumble and become lawless. On page 58, of “Lord of the flies”, by William Golding,  we see the beginning stages of the rules Ralph and the group have set in place start to crumble. As people start to not follow them, or rebel, against them. A quote from Ralph says “ We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. We’re English, and the English are the best at everything.”. This quote stands out to me mostly for the simple fact that, like mentioned before, rules will create a structure to their lives that will let them live without (for the most part) a worry or care. It is also intriguing how they play the fact that they are English as a key that they should follow these rules because they are “the best at everything” and as a result if they aren’t following these rules well then they aren’t being a proper Englishman. Just as it is a stereotype in popular culture nowadays that people who are English, are very proper and nice. It’s almost as if, Ralph used great debate skills  to convince them to follow the rules and not get out of line. As a way to assert dominance and stay in power of everyone on the island. As referring back to the thesis of needing rules to not only have some structure in his life but also so he can have a grip of power. Not only on his life, but the people around him lives.

While of course a book created to  depict fiction of any scenario, there are real-life examples of not only places crumbling from having no rules, but also having rules that are either so constantly broken or just not followed its as if they don't have any. And in some places they don't. For great example, Somalia is known as the lawless country. Dating back to the time that a blackhawk had fallen there, this nation has had a big problem with reestablishing a government or having any laws/rules to have citizens follow. As a result of having no rules to follow, the country has taken a turn for the worse. Civil war has broken out but slowly decreased but citizens commonly deal with problematic gangs and on a large scale pirates, and not Black beard I mean modern day pirates, which have plagued their coastlines. This country alone is one huge example of how being a lawless society can be more of a plague. This country also refers back to the quote in the beginning of the essay, that trying to be an anarchist community doesn’t ever work out for the better so we have rules in place. And sadly there are no rules in place to help progress this country, despite the many efforts that were previously attempted. This connects with people we believe, rules are in place to enforce and help. That rules are a blanket that keeps societies warm and provide shelter for them. But maybe the people of Somalia prefer to be lawless after so long. It’s become a new way of life that cannot be broken. The testament to people who believe anarchy is best that people should create a way of life that THEY would prefer to live in by the way they want. Wherever you may stand on this, both sides of the wall can be heavily brooded about.

Have you ever made a game with your friends? Or decided to play something like cops and robbers, and hide and seek because it was boring. There were almost always rules involved with these games to create a structure within. Now think, was there ever a time when your friend bended the rules to fit their needs? When one bended the rules so badly usually it is because they don't have any power in their hands. They can’t control what happens so they try to overthrow the rules and the person or people who made them. Like we saw in “Lord of the Flies” when Jack tried to overthrow Ralph. Do you often wonder if rules are pointless if people do infact bend them or break them. Maybe the Somalis are right for having no laws so nobody can attempt to control anything.

Every so often, like somewhat the case with Somali, citizens or settlers, begin to break rules and sometimes rebel against them. This is the case somewhat with this next quote from the novel, and it says… “ Hands were reaching for the conch in the light of the setting sun,. He held on and lept on the trunk. “All of this I meant to say. Now I’ve said it. You voted me for chief. Now you do what I say.””. This quote demonstrates a person, higher up, etc, losing his control on a group of people and is reacting because of it. Ralph doesn’t like the fact people are going against the rules that are established, to stay in control, and displays that in the quote. It may also be the fact he doesn't feel as though their, for the sake of it having some type of name, tribe was structured enough for his liking. Relating back to the thesis that rules are in place to give someone power and structure, and when Ralph was losing one or both of those he displayed how disgruntled he was.

While rules have always provided a structure in our lives that a lot of people need. They also employ an act of control over us. A lot of times this goes unnoticed. Do you ever wonder if we will become a dystopian society under the heavy pressures of rules, or become another version of Somali where no rules apply to anyone where we live a lawless life?

What Comes with Age

What Comes with Age

Some say that age is nothing but a number, but in some cases it is also a responsibility. Ever imagine someone younger than a person being in charge of them? Not younger by a year or two, but like a decade. It’s like being babysat by a younger sibling. It seems weird. Humans are trained to believe the older you are the more ability you gain, and younger people are trained to respect that. Older people are usually in charge. Whether it’s being in charge of a small group or large country, people who hold the most power tend to be a part of an older age group, even though they may not be the most qualified to be in charge.

People rely on age for a lot of things. Just because people are older than some, they believe that they hold most of the power. In the book, Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, a stranded boy, named Ralph, introduces an idea about using a conch shell to present their ideas. This plan also allows them to be able to speak during meetings. Ralph soon then present an idea of having a leader. Jack volunteers to be the leader. “"I ought to be chief," said Jack with simple arrogance, "because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp."( Pg. 22). Jack thinks he should have the power because he's always had it. He doesn't have any particular talent for leading. The only thing he has is that he can sing C sharp which is obviously a survival skill. He is just arrogant and confident and that can be good for the group. He is a biggun and feels no doubt that he would not be capable of having the position as the leader.

In the world it seems like leaders are mandatory. Everywhere you go there will always be someone in charge. Realize how these leaders have a greater age than most people or how them seem old enough to know what they are doing. People do not always trust their leader, but if they show any opposition they may end up in trouble. This is quite similar to Lord of the Flies. They chose Ralph to be the “chief” and he was one of the oldest. Even though he was the chosen leader people did not always agree with what he believed in, but they still followed him because he was the most dominant and oldest on the island.

The Constitution is a document that protects our freedom against those with political power.  In Article One of the United States Constitution, it gives congress its powers and limits. It states that “Senators must be at least 30 years old to represent”. Not only do grow up to believe that age provides abilities, this is a forced rule. This shows that age is a requirement when applying for leadership roles. It is just another legalized statement that shows people that age is a significant factor. This is similar to Lord of the Flies because the boys somewhat follow the rule of having the oldest be in charge. Ralph is the oldest on the island and that is one of the main reason why he was chosen to be chief.

In the book, Jack and a few of the littluns did not like what Ralph had to offer to the group. They decided to distant themselves and take control. They began to rebel and taunt the other group. They killed two of the other group’s boys and continued to act inhumane. They sung a vicious song while performing a ferocious ritual. “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!” (Pg. 152) The boys are obviously not under control. Having a group consisting of a bunch of littluns resulted in violent activities. When people allow immaturity, and in this case young people, to take charge the result could have dire consequences.

In late April of 2015, riots broke out in the United States. A young man, named Freddie Gray, was allegedly murdered by police officers while in their custody. This resulted in multiple riots in Baltimore, Maryland. Majority of the rioters were young, high school students who left school for a “peaceful” protest. “Initially 75–100 people who appeared to be high school students began throwing bricks and bottles…”. A peaceful protest became an extremely dangerous riot at the hands of young people. These people took over a protest and turning it into something completely opposite than what it was suppose to be. This is just a demonstration of why young people are not the dominant ones in the world.

It somewhat seems amazing the way humans are trained to know their limits when it comes to age. People will think the world is in their hands when they turn 18. They just do not realize that there are restrictions at the ages of 21, 25, 30, and 65. Just because age increases does not mean nobility does too. Not everyone of an older age has the right amount of responsibility. And not everyone of a younger age is irresponsible. Although a lot of people can be categorized into a specific type, there are people cannot be sorted. People are all different, but there are still rules, laws, and restrictions to make sure that serenity is amongst us.

Works Cited

  • Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006

  • "U.S. Constitution." LII / Legal Information Institute. Cornell University Law School, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

  • "Older People Are Not the Enemies of the Young – We're in This Together | Letters." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 11 Mar. 2015. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

  • Foreman, Tom. "Riots Erupt in Baltimore after Freddie Gray Funeral - The Boston Globe." Associated Press, 27 Apr. 2015. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

  • Anderson, Ivie. "2015 Baltimore Protests." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2015. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

Laws vs. The People

During periods of danger, people tend to base their decisions on what will be the quickest way to relieve themselves from the situation.  This is result of humans not being able to efficiently deal with things that cause them discomfort. They will go to great measures to decline back into a space of comfort and familiarness. In modern society, people make rash decisions with the sole purpose of protecting themselves from anything they’re not used to or do not want to deal with. A mindset that can drive people into survival mode in an attempt to deter the panic, this sudden uncomfortable fear or anxiety that can cause people to act in an unnatural behavior. This often times cause for our actions to be uncivilized;  affecting the environments around us, thus causing us to to do things that we don’t want to do sometimes breaking a law or two maybe the effect of panic. Actions are determined by the complexity of a situation and the way we choose to handle it.

In  “Lord of the flies” by William Golding, this happened to a group of small boys, who were stranded on an island due to a plane crash. Not understanding what is going on around them ,they began to cause chaos because of their panic. This was because, they were stuck on an island with no adults to guide them and tell them what they should be doing. They were scared and that was the bottom line. When someone is scared they begin to panic and most of the time they want to get their mind off whatever is traumatizing them. These boys wanted to get off of that island but they couldn’t. It was physically, mentally and emotionally impossible for them.  When first reading the chapter when the boys calmed down and were able to do something that might help them get their mind off the fact that they were stuck on the island, they decided to elect Ralph, a boy who was just about the oldest of all of them,  as the leader that’s when they put all of their faith in him to help guide them off that island and back into the arms of their parents.

Once they have chosen a leader they needed rules to keep everyone on the same page because they all had the same goal. They wanted to stay safe and alive. Generally, in the real world today, when rules are created it's to keep people safe and make sure everyone has something to do. Which brings us to the question of why, Why do humans create rules and law? When do they help and when do they hurt? In the novel, it's pretty clear that having rules and laws kept everyone in place. Rules are created all the time to make sure that people know that can not do anything that they want to do.

When the boys decided that it was time for them to come up with some rules for everyone, the one rule that was most important out of all of them was the one relating to the conch shell. It was used to signal the other boys on the island, and Ralph had full control over the conch and was going to use it to his full advantage. Shortly after sounding the conch, he continued to say, “And another thing. We can’t have everybody talking at once. We’ll have to have ‘Hands up’ like at school.” (33). The conch was key to all of the boys on the island, the one who was holding the conch could have a chance to let their voice be heard just as much as the person who was next to them.

The best thing about the conch was that it was something that someone could hold and maybe have the same feeling Ralph did when he got elected to be the leader. Sadly that’s not the case, today in the real world. Humans could only hope for something as simple yet very powerful. There are 43 case like this one, but not the same exact one. When the people of the United States of America elect someone into office want someone who knows the best thing for us and can get our message across the world.

In the real world, Laws and rules keep people safe and things organized. Without them the world would be at war right now. Wherever you go there are rules that you have to follow and/or obey and if you choose not to then you have chosen to accept the consequence that come with it. This is a quote from the novel, "We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything." Keeping in mind that these are children, the fact that they said that they have to obey the rules really is shocking the reason behind this is because they have more common sense than most people do. The author of the book seems to believe that rules are necessary but on the other had someone might stop back at the quote and look at that word “savages.”

There are many “savages” in America, now the word savage could mean many things to many different people. The way that it’s used in the book makes the reader think of people who don’t obey and follow the rules. Today those people might be labeled as criminals, rebels or maybe they are just savage. The answer to the question of why do humans create laws and rules is simply, to keep people safe. When do they hurt? They can hurts whenever you chose to accept them as rules.

Why do humans create rules and law? When do they help and when do they hurt? - This may seem like the most easiest question to answer but once you really break the question down and begin to answer it you will understand how intricate the question really is. Humans create rules and laws to ensure that everything is going smoothly and everyone is safe. Everyone wants the same thing to keep each other safe but sometimes things don’t work out like they should. We can’t just write our own life and avoid everything that is planned for us. We don’t know what are future will consist of.


Many books imitate the real world into its text and make important connections to different times in history or present day. In the book “The Lord of the Flies,” by William Golding, these connections are very prominent, specifically when it comes to analyzing leadership. Throughout history, there have been good leaders, but there have also been bad leaders. Because of these leaders and dictators, people have learned to differentiate which qualities a good leader has compared to a bad leader. By looking through the text, and comparing it to Donald Trump’s campaign, we can determine that certain qualities are necessary for a leader to have, such as honesty, communication, and their approach.

In the novel, Jack, one of the boys stranded on the island, is a dictator of his own tribe. He is a very masculine and strong, using fear and punishment to keep his tribe going and keep order. Because of this power, many people in his tribe easily agree with anything he says. In a scene, a group of boys and him were standing on the beach and Jack was looking everyone over them. In the text it reads, “‘We’ll hunt. I’m going to be the chief.’ They nodded, and the crisis passed easily. ” (pg. 136) This quote shows that Jack has entitlement and it is showing that if Jack had not took control of the group, there would have been problems choosing a leader. Jack also goes onto say to forget the beast and not to worry about him. The other boys agree with him. He is not denying the existence of the beast, but is protecting them from the fear they may have of it. In an article in the New York times, it speaks about how Donald Trump believes that Muslims are ignoring the fact that suspected terrorists were plotting attacks because he thinks that Muslims are all “protecting” the terrorists. He thinks Muslims should open up more and report things like this to the police. The article also talks about how he wants more surveillance in mosques and he does not want foreign Muslims to enter the US. Donald Trump is making us all seem like one person, and once again, acting as if innocent Muslims are in fault as much as the terrorists are. He has had this view point on Muslims for a while now, and because of how close minded he is, these opinions may never change. He seems to only listen to himself.

Even though Jack has good qualities that a leader needs, he also has bad qualities. Throughout the book, at times he was very inconsiderate and dismissive. In the text Piggy, Ralph, and Jack were all talking about the beast and fighting over the conch. The conch was shell was for everyone to have an opportunity to speak without having everyone else speak over them. Jack says, “It's time some people knew they've got to keep quiet and leave deciding things to the rest of us” (pg. 139) Jack was saying this to Piggy and putting him down, especially because he is weak and doesn’t have as much power as him. Like I’ve said before, Jack did not deny that there is a beast, like Ralph did, but he tells the littluns that he will kill the beast. He is basically trying to make himself look better than Ralph. However, Ralph ended up putting Jack in his place because he demanded him to sit down since he wasn’t holding the conch, and Jack seemed very vulnerable. In an article on IB Times there is a video, a Trump supporter, yelling ¨Kill Muslims.¨ This example connects to the example from Lord of the Flies one above and shows the bad influence Trump has on his followers. Especially since he has such a big audience, these opinions will spread and continue (even to the children). This relates to the thesis because here have been good and bad decisions made in the novel because of someone else, which may change some of the kids ideas/beliefs. A good leader can promote good ideas and opinions, however this isn't what Trump is doing. Things like this cause more trouble and chaos, as seen in the book multiple times.

Vlad the third was listed as one of the deadliest dictators in history and was even associated with Dracula and vampires. There were many people that were killed during his time, and he treated prisoners and rebels very cruelly and liked violence. To make things even worse, he also bathed in the blood of his victims. This is an example showing what power can do to you, and the harm it can have. Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Jack is progressively getting more and more consumed by the power he has. In one scene, when Jack and Ralph are discussing being rescued, Jack says, “Rescue? Yes, of course! All the same, I’d like to catch a pig first-” (pg. 54) What is happening here is that Jack does not think being rescued is his top priority - he would rather take advantage of the situation he is in and catch a pig. This is showing that Jack’s greed and selfishness and growing and he is not thinking about the others and their safety, but what will only satisfy him. Jack was continuously trying to satisfy this new craving he had to fulfill himself and he had a sense of accomplishment and glory. The more he tried to satisfy himself, the more the greed and selfishness grew.

In conclusion, there are many qualities necessary in order for a leader to be a good one. Power can do many bad things to someone, but it can also be good if used properly. There have been many moments in Lord of the Flies where leadership skills were not very strong, and they were pretty similar to real world events in history. A leader should be someone that listens to others, isn’t selfish, has a good approach to things, and knows how to use their power wisely.

Works Cited:

Rappeport, Alan. "Donald Trump Accuses Muslims of Ignoring Terror Plots in Their Midst." The New York Times. The New York Times, 23 Mar. 2016. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

"Video Shows Donald Trump Supporter Yelling Anti-Islam, 'Kill Muslims' Death Threats In Michigan." International Business Times. 2016. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.

"25 of History's Deadliest Dictators." List25. 2013. Web. 08 Apr. 2016.



Who are the real savages? Children or adults? There is a fine line drawn between children and adults when it comes to making violent decisions. Adults have the responsibility over disciplining their children.  as, adults grow up, and develop a responsibility over the decisions they make. Kids still are taught the rights and wrongs in life, and adults establish whether to live in the norm of society. Meaning, following each rule and doing the right thing when the situation is approached. According to the novel adults are more savage, because of influences and “Reasons” behind their actions. The difference is that children are motivated by the influence of adults. Interpreting that they just follow the surroundings that adults provide them, but with adults they have the power and responsibility over themselves, which gives them more freedom, and also more ability to be savage.

On the other hand, children can act in an untamed matter, but only to the extent of the limit of freedom they are given. If a child is given tons of freedom, they can gain access to a lot of things as to a child that is contained without much freedom provided to them. However in the “Lord of the Flies,” the boys have the island all to themselves without adults and with plenty of exemption. When the boys were surrounding Robert and hurting him with Eric’s spear, there was not an adult figure to tell the boys to stop fooling around. Moments before the boys formed a circle, they were discussing their plan of hunting for animals. When they returned, they started fooling around (as boys do) and started to get carried away by harming Robert as all the boys were gathered around him enjoying the breathtaking moment. It was all fun and games until one of them was the one getting hurt.  A passage from the novel of the exhilarating scene is, “They got his arms and legs. Ralph, carried away by a sudden thick excitement, grabbed Eric’s spear and jabbed at Robert with it. ‘Kill him! Kill him!’” (Chapter 7, Page 114).  This moment from displays the fact that the boys already had experience killing something.  The idea that they were getting pleasure and joy from it all goes to show that they have the tendency to act on a savage manner to former surroundings. Being on an island led them to a desperate manner of survival and pleasure.

As said, adults have a lot more freedom than children do. The recent event of the Brussel bombing  is proof that there is reasoning behind the circumstances that get played out. What happened was that the same people who were behind the Paris attack that occurred in 2014, planted three bombs in an airport. Unfortunately, only two out of the three bombs actually went off, but just the two did enough damage to kill about thirty five people, and injured around eighty-one. The reasoning behind it all was that the terrorist were finishing the damage they did to Paris. It was also stated that because of the arrest of some of their leaders, they wanted revenge, and bombing an airport just had to do. It was the fact that the terrorist’s fellow helpers were going down, and someone was going to suffer in response. According to the BBC News Website, “The Islamic State (IS) group said it was behind the attacks in a statement issued IS- linked Amad agency.” These three or men who were involved in the appalling scene seemed to have a reasonable reaction towards the rest of their leaders getting punished. The fastest reaction that came to their minds was killing and torturing innocent human beings. If a kid had a best friend that got punished, they might lecture whoever punished their friend, but they wouldn’t go to an well known place and bomb it. First off, a kid would not have access to the particular weapons to harm another human, and the disciplinarian would have kept the kid in his or her place.

In similarity, both examples showed that the boys on the island resorted to what was entertaining. There isn’t a kid who thinks it is all fun and games until someone gets hurt. In “The Lord of the Flies,” people get killed instead of just hurt. The boys did not have a reason to kill one another. it was just the fact that they were stranded, and wanted to rough house.In circumstance, their actions brought out the savagery from their hearts. With the Brussel airport attack the adults supposedly had a reason behind their action. In both situations, the kids and adults were wrong. It was the the comparison of the reactions in response to their actions and surroundings. It was rational for the boys to suddenly lose their minds, because they were stuck on an island without adults. The novel showed a clear example after the boys were fooling around, “Jack’s arm came down; the heaving circle cheered and made pig-dying noises. Then they lay quiet panting, listening to Robert’s frightened snivels. He wiped his his face with a dirty arm and made an effort to retrieve his status” (Page 115). Being raised by your parents, and having even the littlest opportunity to be free of them, will lead to one committing an action that they would not be allowed to do.

In reality, most of the decisions people make in life determine where people stand as individuals. In the end, we are only really responsible for ourselves. Not everyone is given the freedom needed to achieve certain goals. The goals can either be beneficial or negative thing to achieve. The novel, “The Lord of Flies”  gives the reader the opportunity to ponder on the fact that what surrounds you can later can eventually become you. The Brussel’s bombing gave evidence that things can get blown out of proportion. All of it just goes to show that adults take things to another level, while children are limited to level in which they are allowed to take a situation such as being stuck on an island.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigree,2006

Morris, Chris. "Brussels Attacks: Zaventem and Maelbeek Bombs Kill Many - BBC News." BBC

News. BBC News, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Rules or Restrictions?

Rules are supposed to be followed, but what if there’s a rule that  just feels wrong? If you think about it, nothing is born with rules already naturally stored in their heads. Animals aren’t naturally domesticated, and humans aren’t naturally born obedient. From a young age, we’ve been taught what’s right and what’s not, but how can we be sure what we are told is really right? We are taught that if we disobey a rule, then we are “bad”, but what the way we disobeyed a rule was justified, and the actions taken had good intentions? Rules have a way of taking over and controlling our brains telling us whether or not a society is civilized or savage. People come to accept all rules and laws as ‘civilized’ even if they are not, because they get used to what’s expected of them.

In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, we see many examples of how rules took over the boy’s minds and we can see a total transformation in their behavior from civilized “good english boys”  to completely savage. When the boys first arrived on the island, the first thing they wanted to do was pick a leader amongst themselves. In picking that leader, the boys expect him to make them all cooperate in hopes of them one day being rescued, including making the rules and laws of the island. There is some tension because the choice is between Ralph or Jack as the leaders because they both have a powerful influence over the boys.  Ralph is elected the leader, and has some difficulty containing the boys at their assemblies. In one assembly, Ralph says to the boys “all this i meant to say. Now I’ve said it. You voted me for chief. Now you do what I say.”  (pgs. 58-59). When the boys got rowdy, all Ralph had to do was remind them that they agreed to follow certain rules, and they chill out. In their minds, the idea of having rules is equivalent to having order, and that’s why they calmed down.

The boys in Lord of the Flies have multiple assemblies to establish order and to get everyone on the same page throughout the book. In one of the first meetings, Jack says to the boys “We got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. After all, we’re English, and the English are best at everything.”  There is so much wrong with that statement. Jack believes that all of the rules that are created should be obeyed, because that’s what makes them “good boys”. This way of order does not last very long, however. Readers can see the rivalry growing between Jack and Ralph over who should be the rightful leader, and eventually the rivalry reaches a boiling point. War breaks out and the civilization the boys had on the island splits in two, and blood is shed when the boys abandon their morals and rules that were supposed to keep them united. The boys  interpret their rules in a completely reversed and savage way and it is madness on the island until they are rescued.

The way the boys act on the island, is similar to how our government works in today’s modern society. The laws are there because a vast majority of people decided or agreed it should be there. The punishments are similar between the two situations as well. They are both cruel and unnecessary in some situations. For example, 670.000 people are incarcerated for misdemeanors that are not dangerous, and other nonviolent crimes across America. People are imprisoned for maximums of 3 years, or can be fined up to $2,500, and the person who committed the crime is now considered a felon.  According to an article I read, “Felonies don’t just land you in jail- they also result in a significant loss of civil rights.” This is a rule that the leaders of our country decided on. This rule which grants another humans to take away some of the basic rights that make us a “civilized” country. For a small misdemeanor, a person can lose their right to vote, the right to hold a political office, and can even be denied you second amendment, which is the right to bear arms. Where is the civilized action in that? Laws like these ignore and completely go against the basic morals of humanity that everybody should have.

Rules were not automatically stored into our brains when we are born. Our upbringing creates the idea that we must have rules to be civil and peaceful. People believe that we must have rules in order to function and survive. What people don’t realize, however, is that by creating rules, society is also creating an image of what “wrong” people and things to do are. Our society is naturally judgemental and it has been like that since the beginning of this country and the first laws were set. Rules are also so contradictory to themselves, and instead of stopping savagery, they just create leeways for less extreme behavior, but still savage all the same. For example, slavery was abolished, but there are still acts of racism that are allowed to take place in this country, like the KKK, who are still allowed to have meetings openly to this day.  

The lines that divide a civilized civilization from a savage one, and what’s right from what’s wrong are slowly getting blurred. Another thing that people fail to realize is that rules shouldn’t be a determining factor in how they portray the world and the goings-on around them. In some cases, the rules that are put in place are effective, and beneficial, and appropriate. Some rules are essential, and there is just no getting around them. Rules should not have to determine whether something is a success or not. They should not determine the potential something has either.  In determining what makes something civilized or savage, we have to not be biased just because of a set of rules tells us what’s justified and what isn’t. People should not succomb to all rules or laws because it’s expected of them to do so.

Works Cited:

  1. Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006.

  2. " - Working to Reform Marijuana Laws." FEDERAL Laws & Penalties -. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

  3. " - Working to Reform Marijuana Laws." FEDERAL Laws & Penalties -. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

ILP Update

I found an ILP at Arch Street Preschool which lasted for about two months, but then I felt disrespected by the staff, so I quit. Apparently, students aren't supposed to quit without notifying their advisors and Jeremy first. No one told us that. I found one a week later at Penn. I like it a lot better so far because I am working with college students. The program is called ASPIRE which stands for Asian Students Promoting Identity Reflection and Education. I help the chair, Amanda, organize discussions and and games for her high school students. We focus on topics like cultural appropriation, Asian leaders within our community, and other things. 

Carry On A Legacy

Leaders and followers -- It seems that the world cannot have one without the other. The importance of a leader-follower relationship matters a great deal in organizations that are deemed important. In both the real world and the world that is depicted in the book “Lord of the Flies.”, by William Golding, these constructed groups cannot function without determining how well their leaders can conduct said followers, and also, in great part, it depends on how well these followers heed instructions and take in this information. Without the leader, a follower has the potential to rise up and prove themselves to be a leader. Surely improving the performance of the followers, so they resemble said leader would be nice, but is becoming a replica of this leader truly going to help with spreading  words? The follower must provide some way to show the leader’s integrity, even in death. Whether it be alliances, or even wars. They must continue to spread the word of their leader.

With a leader’s death in a crucial point in time, they can sparked outrage within their community of followers. From distress to riots. Boundaries to wars. Two different sides of an argument can always show their dominance with different tactics to have the others fear them. Before the start of World War 1, Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist who opposed him. After his death, those who agreed with his decrees were outraged. The archduke’s death was the spark that started World War 1. In comparison, in the book, “Lord of the Flies”, the death of Piggy proceeded to have Jack fall further into being alone. Piggy was one of the boys that stayed by Jack until the very end, as it slowly dwindled down to those two being left. When Piggy dies, he is still trying to capture the attention of everyone since he has he conch. After his death, Ralph is now by himself, and everyone else is against him. In the book, on page 181, Jack begins to describe Ralph’s situation. He states, “See? See? That’s what you’ll get. I mean that! There isn’t a tribe for you anymore! The conch is gone! I’m chief!”. This truly shows that leaders can be left with nothing after their death, and Piggy and the Archduke are two perfect examples. After the Archduke was killed, his followers began to spark controversy, and eventually, World War 1 began. With Piggy, after his death, the boys were more intensified, and directed that intensity towards Ralph. One way that followers can show the power of their leader is revolting, and showing off that power with force.

After the death of prominent figures in the Civil Rights Movement, people such as Huey P. Newton, and even Martin Luther King, their followers take a much more civilized approach. Martin Luther King Jr., a civil rights activist from Atlanta, was assassinated for his thoughts on equal treatment to African Americans during the 1960’s. Huey P. Newton, co-founder of the Black Panther party, a guerilla force that fought for equality towards blacks, was also killed for his views on equal treatment towards African Americans. After their respective deaths, their followers continued to spread their teachings, but they were more civilized and peaceful regarding said topics. In “Lord of the Flies”, the example regarding Piggy could also be considered a good example for this. When Piggy died, Ralph had a change of heart, and realized that Piggy was the one that kept Ralph somehow connected to the boys. Without him, Ralph had finally lost contact with the other boys, and remained isolated from them. Once again, on page 181, after the boys are shocked at Piggy’s sudden death, Jack states, “See? See? That’s what you’ll get. I mean that! There isn’t a tribe for you anymore! The conch is gone! I’m chief!”. This represent the ties being severed. Piggy was considered the tie between Ralph and the other boys. The same goes with Martin Luther King and Huey P. Newton. They were the medium in which they got their point across to the caucasian race. These three would be considered those who help with bonding different groups of people together to walk side by side.  

Sure, there are leaders that have an impact on those that believe every word they say, but there are some leaders that became famous after their death. Multiple examples of this include Vincent Van Gogh, Emily Dickinson, and Gregor Mendel. These people never got the chance to experience their teachings and inventions reach other people, and they died before they became famous for what they created. In “Lord of the Flies”, Simon acquired the same fate. Simon knew the identity of the “beast”, and had the opportunity to tell everyone, so this circumstance involving the boys and their obsession with said monster would cease. In “Lord of the Flies”, in chapter 9, Simon spotted a figure that looked like and represented the beasts that everyone has been so desperately looking for. Simon decided to head back to the others and tell them of his findings. But once Simon returned, he was attacked by the boys for being mistakenly reported as the beast. In comparison to those who have died before seeing their ideas have an impact on others, Simon also never got the chance to tell the boys about the beast, which would have changed the outcome of the boys’ behavior.

Throughout the book, and throughout time, people have stood up to try and represent something within their community. In the book, Simon and Piggy are two of the children that had some kind of knowledge that could have helped, and possibly saved the group of boys. They are some that could have embodied leaders, but failed to do so with their unexpected deaths. Regarding those in the real world, they spoke what they believed in, and even after death, their followers continue to speak about their heroic qualities and achievements. Without these leader in both “Lord of the Flies” and the real world, their corresponding worlds would have been drastically different, either with or without their contributions to their communities.

Works Cited:

Golding. William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006

The Associated Press. "Huey Newton Killed; Was a Co-Founder Of Black Panthers." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Aug. 1989. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.


Books are a great tool for entertainment and understanding. Books answer lots of great questions that make people think really hard about. The big question I thought of after reading William Goldings’s Lord of The Flies was  who’s more savage adults or children? A reader of Lord of the Flies would choose children, because in the novel they were killers and robbers. Are children actually like that in real life? From robberies, stabbings and rape, to even various slayings, one would ultimately think that adults are the savages. Lets face it, adults and children can both be savage, but, adults have  furtherly developed brains, which in turn, allows them to know the difference between right and wrong, unlike children.

In the book Lord Of the Flies, the children who are stuck on an island started rituals. These rituals allowed them to have something in common, something they could all fall back on. In some of the rituals the children would scream some crazy things that may make the reader think of them as savages. Like a tribe, some of the characters had rituals. One of the rituals was a chant that said “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!”(186). This quotes comes from children who are under the age of 12 and are scared of a beast. These children also are in a situation where they are on there own and trying to survive on an island. Researchers have found that the brain isn’t fully developed until around the age of 25. If these children are under 12 they aren’t half way through brain development so they don’t know right from wrong as much as an average adult.

On December 14, 2012 The second deadliest mass shooting by a single person in America occurred. Twenty year old Adam Peter Lanza killed 27 people including his mother. According to investigators Lanza killed his mother at their Newtown,CT home then drove to Sandy Hook Elementary School where he killed six members of the staff and 20 students all of which were under the age of 8.  According to The Guardian“Adam Lanza, the 20-year-old who convulsed America when he shot dead 20 young children and six of their adult carers at Sandy Hook elementary school in Connecticut last December, was obsessed with mass murders in the run-up to his meticulously-planned attack and kept photocopies of newspaper articles on shootings of children dating back to 1891.” This show that Adam Lanza was nothing but a savage and he knew what he was doing. He had an understanding of what was going to happen and what he wanted to do. Adults aren’t oblivious to the actions of themselves. This shows that adults plan things and try to see how they are going to carry things out. Therefore they are more aware.

In Lord of the Flies some of the characters became more like a family. All together like a family was Ralph, Roger, Jack, Piggy, Simon and a few others. They were each other's shoulder to lean on and together worked to survive. The horrible decision of one person changed it all. “The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee: the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist. Piggy, saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt, traveled through the air sideways from the rock, turning over as he went. Piggy fell 40 feet and landed on his back across the the square red rock in the sea. His head opened and stuff came out and turned red. Piggy's arms and legs twitched a bit, like a pigs after it has been killed”(181). This quote was a turning point in the book. This was when Jack and Ralph were fighting and Roger threw a rock. This makes children look like cold hearted savages. This shows that children don’t think as much as adults because their brains aren’t fully developed. Roger probably didn’t think or want to kill Piggy, he probably just wanted to give a warning.

There could be many factors into why adults do outrageous things. No matter the factors it still can be considered savage. One common factor in barbaric activity is mental illness. According to the New York Times “Medical experts at Yale University had called for drastic measures to help Adam Lanza in the years before he shot and killed 26 people at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., but those calls “went largely unheeded” by his mother, who was also shot to death”.  It also says “based on a comprehensive examination of the medical and school histories of Mr. Lanza, 20, found he was “completely untreated in the years before the shooting” for psychiatric and physical ailments like anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and was also deprived of recommended services and drugs.” These quotes show that there’s a reason why adults may be more savage. It shows that mental illness is a factor in why adults are more savage. The mental illness could have been caused by boys mother in which over time made him more of a savage but he knew what he was doing. Adam is also more savage because he could have made the decision to get medication himself. By the age of twenty years old in the U.S. a person is allowed to make medical decisions by themselves. There is no excuse for someone to not get on meditation if the person’s doctor recommend it to them.

As it turns out adults have furtherly developed brains, which in turn, allows them to know the difference between right and wrong, unlike children. In Lord of the Flies things that were said were uncivilized and people were killed. These were children whose brains were not in far development to completely understand what they were doing. In the 2012 shooting death of 26 people, shooter Adam Lanza knew what he was doing. Adam planned it all out and knew what he was going to the school to do. What people can get out of this is that many factors play a role in being a savage, but brain development makes people more and less of a savage.


Work Cited: Golding William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee 2006

Work Cited: Pilkington, Ed. "Sandy Hook Report – Shooter Adam Lanza Was Obsessed with Mass Murder." N.p., 25 Nov. 2013. Web. 7 Apr. 2016.

Work Cited: Cowan, Alison Leigh. "Adam Lanza’s Mental Problems ‘Completely Untreated’ Before Newtown Shootings, Report Says." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 Nov. 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.


Many believe that adults are more civilized than children, because adults are able to control themselves, since they have more of a matured state, and have the ability to calm themselves unlike when children cannot, and start throwing tantrums. However, in truth children and adults are equally savage because adults are just as capable as children of doing bad things.

Lord of the flies has very few examples since it’s about the kids, with barely any adults involved, but that is also something savage about adults. At the beginning of the book, one of the main characters “Piggy” noticed something was wrong. “there was that pilot. But he wasn’t in the passenger cabin, he was up in front.”(8) The pilot just jumped out without any warning, telling us that he wanted to save his own life instead of trying to guide the passengers or made their protection the pilot’s. There is also a radar that has the plane’s location or coordinates, and as soon as the plane crash, or at least not move for a good 10 minutes, the adults should’ve noticed and signaled an emergency and rushed over there, to rescue survivors of the crash.

Not only is that an example of savagery from adults. At the time, there was a war going on while kids were stranded on the island, and they haven’t mentioned about any adults noticing anything about the kids being stranded, even though they should’ve made it one of their top priorities. A kid noticed a body in the sky. “There was a speck above the island, a figure dropping swiftly beneath a parachute, a figure that hung with dangling limbs.”(95) This tells us that someone tried to survive a plane crash but failed, letting the kids see something horrific.

Because there isn’t any adults in the book to talk about how children are equally as savage as adults, I’ll talk about how the children in the book are not as savage as you think. In the book, a group of kids are stranded on an island, and there are kids who wants to have power, kids who wants to survive, and kids who want to be with those who have power. Piggy is a kid who is made fun of because he is fat, and he wanted everyone to work together to get rescued, which is not savaged at all, but there are kids who doesn’t listen to him because of the way he looks like, so they have a vote on who would be leading. “Who wants me? Every hand outside the choir except Piggy’s was raised immediately. Then Piggy, too, raised his hand grudgingly into the air. Ralph counted. “I'm chief then.”(23) Although Piggy do have the specs of being a leader, there is also Jack, who leads the choir, and the type of person who wants power. Ralph who has the conch, on the other hand, just wants to survive and be able to get to safety, and also cares for others. During the vote, Ralph was appointed as leader, but Jack was irritated, so Ralph also gave some of the power Ralph was given to Jack, to make him happy, which is also not savage.

There are times where the group gets out of hand, and starts to go crazy since they are stranded and out of their comfort zone. Especially, the time where simon was the “pig” and the group were beating him, dancing, and singing “Kill the Pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in.”(75) In which is savage, but it is inevitable because adult or children, they cannot stay stranded on an island out of their comfort zone for long, without losing sanity. Which leads to a real world situation where a care worker who is caring for a elderly who suffers from Alzheimer's, and loses her sanity, leading to physical abuse upon the old woman who suffered Alzheimer’s. She has been abusing the old woman for who knows how long, but the care worker was caught with a camera of her abusing the woman for 17 minutes. And because she have alzheimer’s, she couldn’t remember if she was abused or not. Telling us, that everyone can lose their sanity and does something terrible to contain their insanity, Adult or Child.

The kids in the book do things that makes them angry which is understandable, but it can also go out of hand. So do adults, and one example where there are a married couple, and the husband had cheated on the wife, and which angered the withm which lead to her cutting his penis. Sure that maybe too far, but he deserved it. He went to the hospital to get it reattached but the wife snuck in, and cut his penis off again, which is savage because she had already done so, and the husband had already learned his mistakes.  In the book, I’ve never read anything of anyone doing something as painful as what the married couple had done. Many believe that adults are less savage than children, but in truth there is an equilibrium between the way children and adults act. There are many different ways they can act, but they can act the same way at the same time.

Coming of Age

Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel that focuses on a group of young British schoolboys whose plane crashed on a deserted island and they are the only survivors. The book travels throughout their success and failures as a group. Throughout the book, the boys have to make decisions that they wouldn’t usually do at home. The island forces them to act more mature and this causes a loss of innocence. The more dire the situation is for a child, the more they are at a loss for their innocence.

Simon was one of the main characters in the book. He is portrayed as innocent and kind to the other boys. He is the only one to see the paratrooper is what they have mistake for the beast. While he is still in the forest, Ralph has conducted the boys into a dance group. Caught up in the frenzy surrounded by darkness and rain under the influence of hunger, the boys kill Simon, which they mistake for the beast. Later on, Piggy says, “There's them on this island as would laugh at anything. And what happened? What's grown-ups goin' to think? Young Simon was murdered.” (158) Piggy says it bluntly to the boys. Once the job has been done, there is no turning back. This quote establishes that to the rest of the bunch. If the boys weren’t on this island, there isn’t much of a chance they would compose a murder spree. Living on the island for so long distorts their minds. They lose their sense of reality. Once the sense of reality is fading, all rules are gone. “Grown ups” aren’t there to scold them or place them in jail so there aren’t consequences. In their home life, they would still be locked in their innocence where there are consequences to be dealt with when mistakes are made.  It’s more than just killing a pig, they took a human’s life. This was a big step in losing their innocence.

Anne Frank is a big symbol of innocence in crucial circumstances. She went into hiding during World War II and kept a diary to document her time and thoughts. Maturing and innocence was a topic that was highly discussed. She was torn between wanting to fulfill her time as a teenager, but noticing the effects of the war affecting her. In one entry she writes, “Sometimes I wonder if anyone will ever understand what I mean, if anyone will ever overlook my ingratitude and not worry about whether or not I’m Jewish and merely see me as a teenager badly in need of some good plain fun.”(12/24/1943.3). Anne spent a great deal of time trapped away in the  security of an annex in a home in Germany. Nazi Germany to Anne is like the island for the boys. There is no way of escaping. The Nazis are Anne’s grown ups. They have all power over her and live on the outside world. Anne explores the thought of her not only being a Jewish girl in hiding. She wants to be young carefree teenager but is forced to mature faster under the war. One part of Anne is a war victim and the other is a teenager. She is torn between two personas. One she is becoming, and one she is/wants to be. The boys are like Anne in the sense that they still have their innocence in them, but events on the island are maturing them. They can’t help but transform. Survival depends on them developing into more mature teenagers.

At the end of the book, the boys paint their faces in tribal paint to get ready to hunt. The narrator says,  “The chief was sitting there, naked to the waist, his face blocked out in white and red. The tribe lay in a semicircle before him.” (119) This scene portrays the boys as a tribe with a leader. They look strong. In the next chapter, they are found by a naval officer.  The narrator says, “The boys, their bodies streaked with colored clay, sharp sticks in their hands, were standing on the beach making no noise at all.” (219) The island made them into savages, but when exposed to an adult not from the island, they are boys. They all saw each other as wild tribesmen with painted faces but behind their gilded appearance were young schoolboys. The transition from the island to reality is shown here. Once brought back into reality by the naval officer, they are in their innocence once again. When they return back home, their personalities will return back to normal. But their time on the island will always stay with them. The death of Simon and Piggy will always be remembered along with all of their struggles. Their innocence will return, but the island will affect their growth of maturity.

Children in Syria are currently living through a war. A BBC journalist, Lyse Doucet, traveled to Syria to follow six Syrian children. The children play in flooded bomb craters and tanks. One child, Ezadine, age twelve, tells Doucet, “I'm only a child in age and appearance. But in terms of morals and humanity, I'm not. In the past, a 12-year-old was considered young, but not now. Now, at 12 years, you must go for jihad." Ezadine understands the length of mental growth under the impact of the war at only nine years old. She knows she looks her age, but knows in her heart that she is matured. Jihad is an Islamic term that means “struggling” or “striving”. A military jihad refers to protecting their faith against others. Ezadine, only twelve years old, pushed back her fear and was willing to stand up for her faith. The Syrian children can’t control the war like the boys can’t leave the island. They have no choice but to adapt and change. The boys are left to mature and try to make their own decisions like the Syrian children change to protect their religion. If there was no war, Ezadine would still act like normal twelve year old as would the boys if they were back in England.

When put under certain conditions, children and teenagers are forced to assimilate to a life they weren’t accustomed to before. The boys on the island went through similar situations like Anne Frank and the children in Syria. The boys adapted to new life and rules on the island like Anne Frank had to adjust to hiding. The children in Syria undergoing a war which changes their outlook on humanity and how they react to it. Children who are undergoing a struggle go through a change in their maturity.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006.

Doucet, Lyse. "No Place to Hide for Children of War in Gaza and Syria - BBC News." BBC News. 28 June 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

Frank, Anne. Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl. New York: Bantam, 1993.

The Responsibility of People with Power

Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is a complex story with many interpretations and subjective meanings. Showing the reality of a grim situation, Lord of Flies captures the essence of fear in the unknown and the importance of power to humans. What these stranded boys decide to do with their individual power shows the harsh mentality of nature and the selfishness humans are capable of.  Instead of helping each other using their different strengths they attacked those who were physically weaker. Do people with power have any responsibility to help people with less power than them? In the case of this novel, the answer is no. These kids care about themselves more than others. Their behavior towards having power can be somewhat blamed on the environment they were in. Alone with no authority, but this type of behavior can be seen in real world examples like bullying.

Much like children in a school, these boys bully each other out of lack of knowledge of what is morally right and morally wrong. The only difference is on a small desolate island they have no consequences to their actions. There are no adults to punish and lecture them about what is morally correct. From the very beginning of the book, Piggy was often teased for his weight. He trusted Ralph, and told what that the kids at school used to call him. From that point on we never learn his real name, everyone calls him Piggy.  ”They use to call me ‘Piggy’. Ralph shrieked with laughter. Piggy!Piggy! Ralph-please! Piggy! Piggy! I said I didn’t want to be-Piggy! Piggy! ” (11) This quote from the text hints at what life on the island will be like already.  The boys have quickly picked out the weaker lengths and put them in their place, a choice they derived off of age and physical appeal. Although they try to follow Ralph’s rules, which were all very orderly and constructive, the group split because most of them appreciated the destructive nature of killing. It is not uncommon for bullies to create what is known as bully packs, where a group of people bother the same people over and over again. The children on this island did not care about helping others, maybe a trait they adapted from the society they lived in before they crashed on this island.

Another example from, Lord of the Flies, is when Simon is attacked after all the boys mistake Simon for the non-existent beast they created. They circle him, stabbing and screaming. Simon is completely vulnerable. “ Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Simon was crying out- The beast was on it’s knees in the center, it’s arms folded over it’s face. It was crying out against the abominable noise. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt onto the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws.” (153) None of the boys were sure what came over them, but when they realized they were killing Simon, not a beast, they continued. Simon, similar to Piggy, was very intelligent, but like the rest of them he was going insane. Simon found the dead body at the top of the mountain, he knew the beast wasn’t real. In a way he was their defense between reality and the crazed universe they have built to conceal it. Even Piggy and Ralph, the most peaceful of the group, gave in to the relentless peer pressure and aiding in the killing of Simon. Simon could do nothing, his strength was not enough to defend himself against an entire group of boys, similar to the case of school bullies. Bullies often round up people who share a similar thirst for control. In this case Jack and Roger taught the boys to enjoy the thrill of killing and everyone joined in, no one could deny the feeling.  These boys did not worry about helping those with less power than them. They only basked in the feeling of being powerful and moved on to their next victim.

Piggy, a character from Lord of the Flies, falls victim to verbal and physical abuse throughout the story. The others proclaim him weak because of his physical appearance and anxiety prone personality, he is seen target. Immediately he is teased and ignored despite his undeniable intelligence.

“I got the couch- Then the monstrous red thing bounded across the neck and Ralph flung himself flat while the tribe shrieked. The Rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee. Piggy saying nothing, with no time for even a grunt. ” (181) This is how Piggy died on the trapped island. Trying the bring everyone together, he screamed about the importance of working as a team and staying away from violence, holding the symbol that once held them together. Instead of listening Roger rolled a giant rock off the cliff above them and killed Piggy. The kids on the island continuously ignore reality and the truth about how wrong violence is, they refuse to work together for a good cause.

Throughout the book the reader accompanies these children to a place of complete isolation and when their personalities clash, those who are considered weak are hunted. Murder becomes something to do, a fun game for the boys and it all started with the slaughtering of animals for food. Something that seemed like a survival skill suddenly became an obsession. The weaklings were disposed of, without a thought. This aspect of bullying goes further than just shredding a person’s self image. It goes further than beating each other up, but the way the boys treat each other has many connections to modern day bullying. In many cases of school bullying, bullies actions go too far, when people start to sustain serious injuries and end up hospitalized. On this island there wasn’t anyone to stop them, but if their was none of those boys would be dead.

Work Cited:

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006.

The Consequence of Success

The more successful or powerful a person gets, it seems they will forget about the people/person that helped them along the way. As the value of their appreciation decreases, they either choose to stick around and fade to the background, get kicked out by new help or, leave in hopes that someone else will appreciate them more. What seems to happen is that the  successful person ends up needing the person that got them to where they were, but they already left. Sometimes, when a person forgets about someone who helped them succeed every step along the way, for someone or something else, the effects are not beneficial. It can backfire and hurt more than it can help it. Without realizing, it might be a little too late to fix. As people become successful, their best advisors are those who knew them before they hit it big, but they often cast those people off because once they gain success, there is no longer any use for their advisors.

In the book ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding, Piggy is the most important character of all. The author shows his personality by interacting with other characters; the other character (Ralph) seems annoyed by him. Piggy seems very talkative and not really sensible at first. When first encountering a character named ‘Piggy’ you don’t really think much. He is concerned with no being without adult supervision and wants to go home. Piggy just wants to find ways to get everyone and himself home. Leading up to this point, Piggy just spoke on and on about how his Aunt had told him about a conch and how it was used as a device to call people with the sound it makes when you blow into it. Suddenly he remembers a piece of information that can help them, “Ralph looked up. ‘We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us--””(16) Looking at this excerpt from the text, Piggy reveals very helpful information to Ralph. His recollection of his memories that pour out of his mouth like a waterfall helps bring all of the boys on the island together. Ralph instead of thanking Piggy, does not fully appreciate his talents or his efforts to try and unify the boys and tries to take control of everyone. Ralph just looks at Piggy as though everything he does is wrong. Piggy feels this but still sticks around hoping that Ralph will appreciate him in the long run. Having hope that maybe he too will help all the boys that are stranded on the island. He will try to help Ralph as much as possible only to find that Ralph forgets about him.

An example of forgetting who has helped along the way is also found in the real world. A popular kids tune, ‘Ring Around the Rosies’ can show this. In this example it shows it in a more analogical way. Historically, it is believed to be song about how people in the 1300’s died of the Bubonic Plague; also known as ‘black death’. It was so bad barely anyone survived from this wave of sickness. The meaning of the song is very morbid but, it describes the process perfectly.  This will happen over and over again until the person that has been forgotten about gets sick of it. Think of Ralph’s behavior as a ‘disease’; the more power he earns the more he neglects Piggy. This ‘disease’ of forgetting about the people who help you most is contagious. It is used again and again to help one gain. “Ashes, ashes, we all fall down.” Figuratively, it could mean the fall of power or career. Looking at it in a literal sense, it could mean death or something terrible to happen to the person who helped them most. The main point is, it becomes a sad story told over and over again like, ‘Ring Around the Rosies.’ They will reminisce on the events and how it affected them. Feeling guilt, regret and, sadness about how the treated the person who helped them the most.

In realization that he is trouble, Ralph is hiding. He is hiding from everyone who betrayed him up until this point. All the boys, including Ralph, have gone absolutely crazy. Turning on one another and losing people left and right had become the norm on the island. Without Piggy there to count and give suggestions, the boys had turned into ultimate savages. Ralph never really had thought about Piggy’s contributions to their civilizations until now. “What was the sensible thing to do? There was no Piggy to talk sense. There was no solemn assembly for debate nor dignity of the conch.”(196) The feeling of regret and guilt that was mentioned earlier, has settled in for Ralph. Now that Piggy is gone, the sensibility went with him. Piggy didn’t help the civilization, he was the civilization. Without him all the boys had become complete savages. The idea of a “solemn assembly...dignity of the conch” would not even be a thought if it weren’t for Piggy. It had happened over and over again until it did not benefit Ralph anymore. He was all alone and the one person who always had his back had left. Now, he needed Piggy more than ever. In turn, these actions backfired and became unbeneficial.

Ralph realized that he no longer needed Piggy, but when it was too late, that’s when Piggy was needed the most. Ralph was gaining more power, but pushed away his advisor without realizing the help he was going to need from him. In The Lord of the Flies, William Golding does a good job at showing that, sometimes, when a person forgets about someone who helped them succeed every step along the way the effects are not beneficial. Also, he showed that Ralph was wrong for letting go of Piggy because he was the one person who helped him the most.


"Ring around the Rosy Rhyme." Ring around the Rosy Rhyme. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Winick, Stephen. "Ring Around the Rosie: Metafolklore, Rhyme and Reason." Ring Around the Rosie: Metafolklore, Rhyme and Reason. Library of Congress, 24 July 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Keko, Don. "Ring Around the Rosie and the Black Death.", 15 Oct. 2010. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Leaders and Success

No matter the situation there will always be a leader. For a student the leader is the teacher, for the teacher, the leader is the principal, and for the principal the leader is the superintendent. No matter what the position is there will always be a leader. Without a leader there are no rules, no order, and no peace. Without a leader there is no civilization and only savagery. The reason for this being is because, for any group to be successful there has to be a leader that is willing to take on the responsibility of managing the group and leading them onto the right path. There must always be a leader that is willing to do as the name implies, lead.

In William Golding’s Lord of The flies, the question of what would happen when a group of small boys are trapped on an island is answered. The boys are trapped on the island after their plane crashes and there seems to be no adults in sight. After the boys all find each other as well as introduce each other, the book states that Ralph says; “Seems to me we ought to have a chief”(27). The boys, who barely know each other, all quickly agree with this idea and vote for a chief. It is declared that Ralph, the one who gathered the boys, is the chief and leader of the band of boys. From the fact that the first action the boys took as a collective was vote for a leader, the reader can see that the young boys understand that since they are in a foreign location where many, if not all, of them know little to nothing about how to survive on this island, a leader is needed. The boys are able to understand that without a leader many of them will die and not be able to succeed on the topic of leaving the island,  because as the saying states “United we stand, divided we fall”. And to truly be united there must be a leader that can help the group to become one. Therefore, the boys pick who they believe to be the most responsible amongst them, which they believe to be Ralph. The reason why they believe Ralph is the most responsible is because he is the one that united them. As many of them awoke on a strange island they heard the sound of a conch shell. This shell was blown by Ralph, showing that he was intelligent enough to comprehend that the sound will draw any other survivors. By doing this Ralph is already managing the boys, and leading them on a path that he believes will allow them to escape the grasp of the island, before he is even elected leader.  

If the reader delves further into Lord of The Flies they will reach a part where there is great tension on the island. This tension causes Jack to say; “You go away, Ralph. You keep to your end. This is my end and my tribe.” At this point in the story Jack, the only person that when the voting occurred in the beginning of the book was able to run for chief against Ralph, is gaining followers through the misadventures of Ralph. Ralph has set up attempts to escape the island, such as the signal fire, but they have all failed. When he attempted to organize the boys and build huts he also failed. Whilst Jack on the other hand has accomplished something that the boys have greatly wished for; hunting down and killing an animal so that they might be able to dine on meat. Under the leadership of Ralph the boys have constantly failed in everything they have done, but Jack has been able to lead his small group to success. This notable difference in the leadership of Ralph and Jack causes the boys to slowly start moving toward being ruled by Jack. From the beginning Jack has managed a group of choirboys, as the reader can see from page 19 where it says; “The creature was a small party of boys, marching approximately in step in two parallel lines….the boy who controlled them was dressed the same way….when the boy reached the platform he shouted an order and they halted” Before all of the boys are able to vote Ralph as a leader, Jack is already demonstrating that he possesses leadership qualities. Therefore it is only fitting that after Ralph has failed as a leader the boys move to Jack who has shown that he is able to manage a group of people, and even lead those people to success.

This belief and principal is also shown in the real world. After the American Revolutionary war, a new independent country faced the task of choosing a leader. According to historical records found on; “On this day in 1789, George Washington becomes the first and only president to be unanimously elected.” As the American Revolutionary war proceeded George Washington became a name that everyone knew. Washington led the to be country to many victories, and essentially became a legend. Therefore when the founding fathers of America decided that there should be a president it only seemed logical for him to be president, and as history can show Washington was unanimously chosen. Much like Jack, Washington had already proven that he could lead groups to victory during the war. During the battle that occurred in the war such as the battle of Trenton and the battle of Princeton, Washington demonstrated his talent of leading groups to success, by leading the continental Army to victory. With these major victories the citizens of the thirteen colonies are seeing a person that is bringing success at a time when many people were losing hope of winning the war. From this the similarities in Washington and Jack increase even more. Washington is showing he has the potential to be an amazing leader, as Jack did, and some people even believe that if Washington was not chosen for president then the country would have rebelled and moved to Washington.

Looking at the most recent presidency, the 2012, presidency, Obama was running for re-election after successfully being elected president in 2008. Obama wins this election and is able to be president for another four years. According to a website called one of the reasons why Obama wins is because; “He has a strong incumbent in a country that is searching for a leadership miracle worker.” The fact that the website chooses to use the word “strong” shows that even when given the option of removing Obama the country will not choose to release him from office because we as a country are searching for a “leadership miracle worker” and Obama has a strong incumbent during this search. This means that Obama was essentially becoming the miracle worker that the country of America was searching for. After four years under the leadership of Obama, he has led the country on what the general public accepts as the right path. Under the rule of Obama America had greatly improved from it’s previous position. Therefore unlike Ralph, Obama is being a successful leader that is quenching the thirst that America has for success. So when the choice of voting for him a second time is given it was logical for the country to vote for him.

Ralph, Jack, George Washington, and Obama are all extremely similar people. Each single one of these people are examples of times when a society/group has noted that to be successful there must be a leader that is willing to take on the title of being responsible for a group and leading the group to success. This major characteristic that is found in these people allowed them to be the leaders they were. Ralph at first showed this trait and had a brief period where he gave the group he was in charge of ideas to success, therefore Ralph led them on the right path for a very brief time. Whilst Jack, Obama, and George Washington were able to lead their respectable groups on a pathway to success, which is shown by both Obama and George Washington being reelected, and Jack’s leadership never being ended by another leader.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of The Flies. New York: Perigee,2006.

"The Story of the Founding Fathers' Debate Over Presidential Power." Utne. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

Blood Born Savages

Laith Abuharthieh

April 7, 2016

English 2

Mrs. Pahomov

Blood Born Savages

The characteristics of savage is found in everyone. If you look deep down enough eventually you will find people who are murderous or carry some type of blood lust. Age isn’t a factor unless you make it one. A person could say children are more savage because they don’t really realize or reflect on the things they do, so if they were to do something bad they wouldn’t care because children don’t reflect on their actions. Although children don’t intend to harm someone it doesn’t change the fact that they are savages. Adults have a similar yet entirely different situation. Growing up, most people are taught how to behave and are pushed far from savagery, but when an adult begins to live their life and take their own path they have no one to tell them how to avoid being savage, so the real world takes them back to their uncivilized ways.

In the story “The Lord of the Flies,” by William Golding, there are many occasions to portray the savagery of children. Children realize that they can act however they want as soon as they notice there are no grownups or parents to tell them otherwise. In the very beginning of the book when Ralph and Piggy met, they were trying to remember how they got on the island and if there was anyone else on it. Since the realization of there being no grown ups with them, the story took its curvy path. “ In the middle of the scar he stood on his head and grinned, at the reversed fat boy, no grownups!” (9) he said this while grinning foreshadowing something terrifying due to the lack of an elder power. Since there are

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no adults to tell them what to do they must choose a leader and because they are children none of them are capable enough to lead a group of children on a deserted island.

Although the children were mindless animals, you can’t blame them for going crazy. Being taught their whole life the difference between right and wrong and out of nowhere they are able to do whatever they want. Their restrained savage ways finally came to light. This doesn’t change the fact that

grown ups surpass children when it comes to being savages. For example Donald Trump, a man who says he can “make america better’’ will ruin this country.. He claims to be fair and unbiased yet lies to the entire United States knowing he has faults and is not reasonable or fair. To ruin a whole country is as savage as it gets. America was made for everyone, not just the white race. Threatening to build a wall from the mexican border and forcing the immigrants to pay for it is a great example of being a savage. No child is capable enough to do such a thing which makes them less savage.  “I will build a great wall – and nobody builds walls better than me, believe me – and I’ll build them very inexpensively. I will build a great, great wall on our southern border, and I will make Mexico pay for that wall. Mark my words.” In this scenario Donald Trump is  older, and has the higher power in comparison to voters. He makes some very brutal statements and because of his social power, the lower classes follow him and his ways by voting for him

If someone were to compare an adult and child thoroughly it would be impractical, but if a person were to compare the older characters to the little ones then it’s possible. In other words because there are no adults the author had to show a higher power of brutality and it was shun upon the elder characters. In “Lord of the Flies” there are no grown ups, so there had to be a conflict or a sign of savagery and it was shown through the children, especially the older and stronger ones. After Jack and

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the little ones kill the pig, Simon tells them about the beast which was a man on a parachute, they were so deep into their bloodlust they totally ignored Simon and began to chant “Kill the beast, Cut his throat,

Spill his blood”(152)  until Simon layed there lifelessly. Without even the slightest thought or feeling of regret they cooked up their pig ate the meal and continued to survive without him. Jack being their leader everyone else followed what he did and eventually they became just as bad as he was. Starting out in the story the little ones actions were not the same as they were by the end. In other words they were very clueless and afraid in the beginning by the end of the book they were ready to take away someone's life without hesitation.

WIlliam Golding presents an allegory of reality through the story “Lord of the Flies”. Politically speaking that older characters influence younger ones to become more calamitous, which means that the older humans are more ruinous than the younger ones. When children are at a younger age they normally look up to the older people, while the older people act uncivilized this rubs off on the younger ones which starts a chain of unruly people that make up our society. In this case Jack who at one point becomes leader of the little ones on the island becomes very violent and delusional but because he was the older power the little ones followed in his footsteps to be just like him, therefore his negativity has rubbed upon the children. Transitioning from innocent and confused to barbarians due to the actions of their insolence leader their negativity empowered Jack’s influence on them. Looking back at Donald Trump, his attempt at leading America is in the same category but different situation. Jack would represent Donald Trump while the little ones would be everyone voting for him. His acquired power as an elder will affect the way everyone else's actions negatively.

Works cited:

Works cited:

Golding, William. Lord of the flies. New York: Pedigree,2006

Br, Anna. "Donald Trump: I Would Force Mexico to Build Border Wall." NBC News Digital, 28 June 2015. Web. 07 Apr. 2016.

The Law of Fear

Laws and rules are made for various reasons, Laws are created because of fear. Things like murder, grand theft auto, rape, among other acts that are illegal; because people fear these things will happen to them. If there aren’t any rules people will be reduced to savagery due to the fact they can do anything they desire. However, the rules of society were not set in stone before our day, they were made to accommodate to us and avoid kaios. People need a leader to make decisions and laws put in place but, sometimes, these laws help and sometimes they hurt. Although laws are put in place to conform, configure and, protect; they may not always be for the best. Laws are put in place to protect society because of a common fear, in place making people feel safe and shielded while it may conform them.

In the midst of a very intense moment of William Golding's ‘Lord of The Flies’, Piggy who is often overlooked when it comes to leadership shines when he says, “You go howling and a pack of kids!..How do you expect to get rescued if you don’t put first things first, and act proper?” (45). Piggy created a rule for everyone, making the Group of Castle rock then realise that continuing to executing things before it is planed or explained isn’t going to help them succeed at being rescued. After Piggy tells the boys to get their acts together, the other boy’s get hit with the reality that they may never be rescued.  The way they are acting will ruin another chance of being saved, after the hunters were more concerned about killing a pig than signaling a way out. Piggy made a rule to conform the childish ways, of the Castle Rock Clan, so instead of running because they are scared of something, they figure out what it is. This way, they properly can plan for things, so the laws make them feel safe from what they are scared of; And while they feel safe and protected, it is being used to confirm or change  their way of thinking. Piggy’s dominance stroked the boys with an odd being, instilling fear because he knew the fear of not never being rescued would be a lot for a simple-minded-child to digest, in turn he hopes that they will be motivated to follow the rule biased on the fear of being on Castle Rock forever.

When leaders are at a hult they instill fear into their people so they can conform them into wanting to fight for the cause; Seeing the ‘leader’ as a protector of the big bad events that may or may not happen.  Donald expresses how he want’s to be civil but is threatened, and talks about people turning illegal immigrants would help, "We want to be very fair but too many bad things are happening...People that are looking to destroy our country must be reported and turned in by the good people who love our country and want America to be great again." Trump helps his case by saying since he is fair, along with his nation, no actions have been taken;  However, he instills the fear that if you don’t turn a illegal immigrant in, you don’t want to ‘make America great again’ and that you aren’t a good citizen but a bad one. So in turn the citizens are scared that if they don’t turn people in they will be considered a ‘bad’ person.

At times the lack of rules results in savagery. If no rules are set in place anyone, can do anything. Jack says that he agrees with Ralph in that the boys on the island must "have rules and obey them [because] after all [they are] not savages," (Golding, 42). This conveys the thin line between civil living and compete savagery. Society need a leader to make decisions and laws put in place but sometimes they help and sometimes they hurt; Sometimes rulers have trouble of realizing what is wrong or not because ultimately law does not equal what's right. The law’s that the boys made were to be followed because they feared that they’d devolve to savagery with out the rules. In both instances they are afraid if nothing is done, other things will result in catastrophe.

Some leaders make rules, and get them approved by exciting a inner subconscious fear that we don’t know we have. People think to themselves because of my mindset ‘I am not racist or afraid,’ but some part of their subconscious will keep those stereotypes packed in the back of their minds. CNN has a campaign press release stating, "Donald J. Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what is going on". Trump wants to create airline laws to ban Muslims but this was a idea for a law that was created by fear and helps keep safe in his mind and others it is the easy solution, however leaders can't ban people because of their religion which causes conflict. An subconscious fear that muslims are terrorist biased on the muslims of isis.  Some people spin something everyone know’s into a torturous threat.  Like how Donald continuously adds lighter fluid to the flame; According to  The Slate blog, Donald talks about illegal mexicans and how “They’re taking our jobs. They’re taking our manufacturing jobs. They’re taking our money. They’re killing us.” Telling people that mexican immigrants our killing us by killing and economy that already is dead. Ensuring no matter what he has instilled fear in the people, to give reason to his new law proposal. If the fear is there, there will be a push on the law and people will follow. If the law is allowed the Citizen’s will be safe.

Although Donald, Piggy, Jack and Ralph are all different people, they are all leaders in their own right. Leaders are the people we trust to make sure what we need is accommodated to. We lean on leaders to make us feel safe and protected. Like, the rules Donald is proposing, the ones made in lord of the flies were created as an accommodation by a leader to protect themselves and society of a common fear. Just as how in Lord of The Flies Piggy installed the fear that, that they might never get saved, Donald instilled the fear in americans that mexicans will steal their jobs and muslims will make you unsafe. In both instances, they used similar methods to receive the reaction they wanted. Donald want’s the people on board with making a law for blocking mexican/american border and to ban muslims and Piggy wanted to make a rule the kids to act more civil, Although in both situations they tried to instill fear into the society they were speaking to, in some instances, people conformed and some revolted. Jack and the hunters continue to be childish, while ralph tries to make more rules; people support Donald Trump and his ideas/rules while others result. Piggy, Ralph, Jack and Donald alike want to make sure that no matter how they people something to fear or if the fear is pre-existing, they will create laws to benefit themselves and/or society. Laws are created to cater to fear, to accommodate to it by making something illegal, or setting a rule making people feel protected by the word’s their leader declares, no matter how it may change their way of thinking.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies.New York: Perigee, 2006.

Daniel Politi. Donald Trump in Phoenix: Mexicans are “Taking our Jobs” and “Killing Us”. New York/ Washington, D.C.:Slate, 2015.

Jeremy Dimond. Donald Trump: Ban all Muslim travel to U.S. : Washington: CNN, 2015

Role Of Rules

Role Of Rules

Imagine a world without any rules or laws to tell people what’s right or wrong, Out of all of the endless possible things people can achieve, those things can lead to violent things and ruin everything that is running smoothly. People tend to make laws and rules in order to have everything run easy, simple, somewhat fair and to keep everyone safe. The person who decide these rules is considered a leader,someone who is in charge of group decisions and that the group choose to be. Although, people choose leaders based on what the leaders show not what they really are. This can cause people to be hurt by it or just plain out benefit from it. Also this is the reason people might choose to rebel against them. This situation works for rules and laws as well, having these regulations only benefit one side of the community and having that said, this will cause the resting side to rebel against these rules.

The most important thing to do when starting a community or group is to choose a leader. Without a leader things would be more complicated and less controlled in most situations. This is one of the first things that is done in “Lord Of The Flies¨ By William Golding. Kids introduce themselves and form a group. As the group increases in number, Ralph, one of the older kids holds a meeting. This is where they decipher things. ¨Seems we ought to have a chief to decide things¨. (22). Considering that this is one of the first things they have decided as a group, it makes it very important to have. It is very important to decide on a leader because it definitely gives the authority to the leader to have it organized and somewhat fair. Without a leader there would definitely cause chaos between the members and arguments. In this situation they chose Ralph because he was the one in control of the meeting and was the reason they are all joined together in one place therefore he showed some characteristics of a leader. After that he appointed Jack the leader of the hunting team. To sum it all up, they chose these leaders based on what people see and what the leader display. This will come back and bite them as the story goes on while they seem not to be what they actually show.

To relate this on how the United States decides on what leader they need or is necessary they have a leader called the president. In the U.S our citizens vote for their leaders. The head of the government is the president of the United States, he proposes new laws and rules for our country. According to “”,¨The president has the ability to veto laws made by congress and can issue executive order. The president also commands the military, which is significant because the U.S...¨. This definitely answers the question of why it is important for us to have a leader and why it is important for them to make laws and rules. Although these citizens only have the option to choose their leader based on what they claim they are. They can say tons of stuff about themselves and what they are going to do but might not actually do those things.and that will cause people to rebel against this leader.

There are plenty of rules and laws created that will only benefit a certain amount of people. Although that certain amount of people would be the majority of the group. While it benefits them, on the other side of the group, it will be hurting them. Their is a similar situation in ¨Lord Of The Flies¨ when the group decides to start a fire. They begin to form a fire although they encounter a problem of not having anything to start it with. ¨His specs---use them as burning glasses!.... ¨Here let me go!¨ (40)The group is in need of something to spark a fire, and they choose Piggy's specs as a “lighter. This causes Piggy to get upset and be sad. This is a perfect example of how this rule or command is benefiting only one side of a group and hurting the other. The group is benefiting from the glasses by using them to start the fire while Piggy is walking around blind and unhappy. We can also see how this is benefiting only the majority of the group. They’re tons of situations where this is portrayed in real life, from politics to society norms.

They’re plenty of ways that rules made to affect people in a bad way but others in a good way. This unfairness can be found in society, organizations, politics Etc. In some situations, somethings can be adjusted to make it more fair although most of the time there is no way to change it and there will always be a side that is being affected in a good or bad way. In a Buzzfeed post called “25 stages of getting randomly selected by airport security also known as flying while Brown”. There is a rule in airport security where if people or their bags look suspicious then they are allowed to check them. Although, “looking suspicious” could be interpreted in multiple of different ways by plenty of different people. Most common misinterpretation is checking someone because they look muslim or like a certain race or religion a terrorist group is in. The security would check these people and take up almost all of their time while they are most likely innocent. This connects back to the thesis by showing how it is benefiting only a certain amount of people. The people benefiting from this would be the airport itself and people boarding the plane. This would probably give them more comfort while boarding the plane while on the other hand it is taking too much unnecessary time from the person and giving them uncomfort and disrespect.

To wrap up, they’re plenty of different rules and regulations that have a reason behind them. In an amazing fictional book, young kids first instinct as a group is to decide a leader. That decision is very essential to a group’s health and environment.  As well as creating rules that affect certain parts of a group in a bad and good way. In“Lord Of The Flies” there was a situation where the rules were not fair and connecting that to a real life situation. We noticed that these rules will affect the majority of the group in a good way in most situations and it will give the rest a bad result. At the end of the day, rules will never benefit everyone but only a few and being part of that “few” could be very likely or unlikely depending on the situation.

Works Cited Page:

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Penguin, 2006. Print.

Akbar, Ahmed Ali. "25 Stages Of Getting "Randomly" Selected By Airport Security." BuzzFeed. Web. 06 Apr. 2016

"Why Is the President an Important Person?" Ask. Web. 06 Apr. 2016.

Heed To Hiercharchy

Kimberly Barnes

English 2

Ms. Pahomov


Heed to Hiercharchy

It is often questioned if leadership, needs a hiercharchy. In both real world and fictional examples, it can be agreed that it does. There are many moments in history where humans have needed leadership. Often times, upon receiving the leadership needed, people often find themselves able to see the advantages of setting up one.  A need for a leader  is driven by the unstructured or disorganized way by which things are going. This can only be solved through peaceful resolution and the understanding of one another’s opinions. Leadership makes this possible, while at the same time keeping everyone unified.

In order for leadership to be productive, a hierarchy is needed. Not just any hiercharchy but one with the potential to lead, bred, and able to handle the leadership. If not, leadership won’t be successful.

Leadership is the backbone by which organizations and civilization rely on. In order to have a productive way of leading, leaders are created from the followers. However, we choose who takes on that role, whether by looks or even by what it offered to us. No matter how that leader is chosen, people in time always see the advantage of establishing one.

In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Ralph, a young boy who is first to explore the island, after he and other boys were stranded due to a plane crash, manages to call all the other stranded boys together. Upon witnessing their chaotic behavior and their anxiety because of their current situation, he immediately realized that having a leader would help the boys become more civilized and easier to deal with, suggests a leader for the group. “There was a buzz. One of the smaller boys, Henry, said that he wanted to go home… Shut up, Ralph said absently. Seems to me we ought to have a leader to decide things. A chief A chief! They boys shouted.” (22) The suggestion of a leader by Ralph was due to the lack of control  over the boys. Without leadership, there would be no direction or any guidance on how to live on and go about the island. It was soon decided that Ralph would be a good leader. If the boys continued to panic, they would become  less civilized. So, someone needed to take the stand. Ralph did this, showing that leadership needs hiercharchy. Often times, a leader will take the scepter and take a stand, leadership cannot be productive if it is not exercised. By doing this Ralph, allowed room for structure to enter. Ralph was not just chosen to be a leader, because he introduced the idea but because of the potential he had that the boys could see.

Just as it was recognized in Lord of the Flies, that a hiercharchy was needed, it is the same in the real world today.  Both social and political systems, are a living proof for why leadership needs a hiercharchy. Without a leader, there would be a division in culture and even ideas. People would have their own views, and ways of leading. This would lead to an unsolved solution. There would be no peaceful agreement. This is why according to leadership. Org “Hiercharchy is like a container, holding, everyone’s ideas but in one place. “  The establishment of a hierarchy is used in many governmental systems today. Specifically democracy. Although democracy is a “power to the people” type of political system, there is still someone needed to organize the people and their opinions. This is to create and establish organization. If everyone was given the leading “baton” there would be no order established. This would then have a bad effect on both society and the way the world is run. There wouldn’t be someone to establish protocol or rules.   According to, “Hiercharchy adds structure and regularity to our lives. They provide psychic nourishment, and the ability to organize.” Without hiercharchy, people would constantly seek for source or order and stability. Hierarchies are set so that all power would not be in every person’s hands. This is to avoid chaos and a scattered system. . When things are structured everything falls into place. Our voices are easier to be heard and understood. No matter the form, there is always a leading person chosen to take on this role.  

Further on into the story, we see how the setting up Ralph as hiercharchy helped the boys become more civilized and organized. Ralph’s idea to have a head “chief” began to have a big role in on both the boys and their emotions. Many squabbles and fights were avoided, because Ralph set order. Upon one point of the story, Ralph ask the boys a question that will shape the and allow them to be understanding of the need for a leader. “Which is better, to have rules and agree or to hunt and kill?” (187). Ralph asked the boys this to show them  why having a leader was so important. It made everything much better and less savage. To set and guide, so that everyone could be unified and come to an agreement on things. No one would just have a scattered voice, but one communal one. The boys were beginning to become more savage. They wanted to kill and hunt, but did not organize themselves in a way that this could be done. This created more problems for them. This made Ralph stand up and show them why it was important for a leader to be set. This was so that further arguing would be avoided. This is a common reason for why a hierarchy is needed. Often times, when leadership is structured it is easier for things to be done and agreed upon. Rules keep our daily lives in check and in tact. Humans often look for guides to get a head start. This is what Ralph was doing. He was guiding the boys so that their actions would be successful and their community. A hiercharchy is there so that people can stick together and come to an agreement. It helps organize everyone’s ideas into something that can be agreed upon.

Both in the real world and fictional, the need for a hiercharchy is always recognized. In both Lord of the Flies, and in most democracies, although a voice was given to the people, there was someone who needed to be able to organize these voices. The hierarchy was chosen, based on their potential and trust. Humans often pick our leaders, based on how much they offer and their ability to set rules in place. Just as rules were needed to keep the boys unified in together, this same rule applies in our world. Similarly, needing a leader to set up these rules. always someone that will take and organize the voice and establish order. The boys in the book and even people in general always experience the advantage of having a leader. A hiercharchy was set up for the same reason, there was a need for civilization. Ralph was chosen because of his potential and influence, just as our hierarchies in our world are often chosen by. The boys trusted Ralph to hear their voice just a we trust our hierarchies to hear ours. With hierarchies, a reliance and trust is formed because of the the expected structure that comes with a hiercharchy. So yes, even leadership needs a leader.

Works Cited

  1. Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006.

  1. "Why Hierarchies Thrive." Harvard Business Review. Harvard Business Center, 01 Mar. 2003. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

3. Himble, Tim. "Leadership." The Economist. The Economist Newspaper, 02 Feb. 2009. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Environmental Impact on Human Behavior

How does environment impact human behavior? Environment is an extremely important part of one’s life because it determines how someone is as a person. That then allows for there to be a question of how human behavior triggers rituals? Rituals are a big part of people’s lives whether religious or not; some rituals include daily routines. People tend to be passionate about rituals, due to their environment, and the fact that it allows them to escape stressful situations by engaging in activities. As a result, people commit to these thoroughly, which has a strong impact on their behavior, which can result in hidden danger toward others and themselves.

In the book, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, it portrays many examples on how environment affects human behavior in rituals. It is about a large group of boys who are stuck on an island trying to survive and govern themselves till help comes. After a series of events, the boys or the littluns come across the belief that there is “the beast.” They believe different possibilities on what the beast could be and how the island creates it. In reality, the beast is a dead parachuter that fell from aircrafts in the middle of the book. The dead body casts a shadow which fears the littluns. ‘“We began well; we were happy. And then-,” said Ralph… The vivid horror of this, so nakedly terrifying, held them silent… the platform was full of arguing, gesticulating shadows… seemed to be the breaking up of sanity… “If there’s a beast, we’ll hunt it down! We’ll close in and beat!” said Jack.’ (Pg. 82-91) The beast is apart of the flaws of the island. It brings out the savagery and the animalistic side in the littluns because they get continuous thoughts to kill it. Each one of the littluns have disorderly thoughts and fear about the beast and Golding displays the dark side of human nature when in danger. The beast becomes a dominant force in their lives creating madness between each other and arguments, but it also becomes a ritual. Everything was normal in the beginning until things like “the beast” caused change and brought up a fear within the littluns. Everyday after that, they gradually became paranoid and got the feeling to get rid of this so called “beast” so it wouldn’t be a worry for them anymore. This becomes a daily ritual for them. This supports the claim of the littluns being passionate about the rituals and it overtaking them. By analysing this, it is uncovered that the children don't realize that their environment are affecting them and it is going to lead the situation to become more detrimental and violent or someone being harmed.

These situations explained in Lord of the Flies also takes place in the real world, one example  is the KKK. The KKK, which stands for the Klu Klux Klan, is a racist extremist movement group and they are perpetrators of violence for racial segregation and white supremacy. The Klu Klux Klan showed up after the Civil War and targeted blacks and anyone who supported their rights. They terrorized black homes, lynched and tortured them. The KKK burned crosses, had rallies, bombed black schools and churches, and condemned blacks, immigrants, Catholics, and Jews. In Public Torture Lynchings in Twentieth Century America, the author David Garland talks about public lynchings by the KKK that involved rituals. It mentions, “Nearly 30 years after emancipation… Southern crowds began to torture and burn alleged offenders ferocity and public ceremony. These new kinds of lynching occurred throughout the south... nearly 4,000 lynchings were recorded.” The loss of black slaves for Southerners was so difficult that they felt a piece of their lives gone. They felt that the sole purpose for the blacks was to serve them so in retaliation they burned their bodies and lynched over thousands of them. Their rituals included bonfires and chanting. People engrossed in rituals to achieve a set of desired outcomes and the KKK’s environment once consisted of all whites and the fact that the blacks were gaining rights disturbed them so the thoughts of destroying them clouded their minds and controlled them. That led them to create catastrophic rituals and murdering thousands of innocent people. In a different perspective, from a victim of the KKK who reported to the website, EyeWitness to History, Ben Johnson tells the audience about witnessing lynchings and his experiences with the KKK after the Civil War. Ben was born a slave in 1848, and was being interviewed by the Federal Writers’ Project who were recollecting stories from former slaves. “I never will forget when they hung Cy Guy. They hung him… They scratches Cy’s arm to get some blood… any nigger what takes down the body shall be hanged too. Nobody would bother with that body for four days an’ there it hung, swinging in the wind…” The KKK would do anything to keep their white supremacy and they were fervent about it in their rituals. They wouldn't let anyone interfere and if they did they would be punished as well. From the quote, it seems like Ben couldn't have done anything and the KKK made them helpless. They were so consumed into these violent rituals because of black people around their environment and that impacted their mind, body and soul because they could not stop and further killing more people. The Klan members wore masks and wore white robes and hoods and made attacks at night much like the children who wore paint to represent themselves. They cold heartedly murdered, and whipped them reminding them of their lives as slaves.

Towards the end of the story in the chapter View to Death, in Lord of the Flies, Jack slowly separates from Ralph and creates his own tribe. He convinces some of the littluns to join him and they go out to hunt and eventually kill a sow. Afterwards, they eat the sow and celebrate. ‘“The hunters took their spears, the cooks took spits, and the rest clubs of firewood. A circling movement developed and a chant… “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!”’ (Pg. 151-152) The children are so into the ritual and celebrating their sacrifices that they are being consumed by chaotic thoughts to kill because of the island. The children being on the island and it’s dark aura caused them to have a change in their behavior. The fact that they were staying on the island with no adults, no sense of security, and no form of control over their minds it caused them to become something that was not their normal selves. The children have no idea what they were doing because they were being controlled by the ritual in a negative way. The chants, dancing, and warpaint that were occurring continuously is a way for them to forget about their troubles but eventually led them to harm people. They kill two of the children and believing that it was “the beast.” They are allowing the environment having an influence over them.

Environment will always be apart of human identity and it will always affect them in some shape or form. It will lead people to be ardent towards their rituals in their lives. Rituals are a type of solution for people and will always be a strong impact on them and the people around them either in a positive or negative way.

Works Cited:

Gavins, Raymond. The Cambridge Guide to African American History. N.p.: Cambridge UP, 2016. Print. <

5uxi16ZciaWyroeAHc5XD2QzB4g#v=onepage&q=KKK%20rituals&f=false>. Staff. "Ku Klux Klan." A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2009. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

"Resistance." National Great Blacks In Wax Museum. The National Great Blacks, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

Garland, David. "Penal Excess and Surplus Meaning: Public Torture Lynchings in Twentieth-Century America." - Garland. The Law and Society Association, Dec. 2005. Web. 06 Apr. 2016, <>.

Johnson, Ben. "The Klu Klux Klan, 1868." EyeWitness to Ibis Communications, n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2016.


Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006. Print.

Savage and Civilized Effect

The different environments that humans are placed in has a huge role that shapes their life. Some may not even realize or notice the changes and some may ask “What are the changes?” There are usually two alternatives of how the changes will turn out based on how the person act. It is either savage or civilized. Someone who is savage is violent and uncontrollable and someone who is civilized is well mannered and polite. However, this behavior is not permanent. A person can always change from being civilized or savage based on the different environment.

In the beginning of “The Lord of The Flies” by William Golding,  the children were stranded on an island due to an accident where no adults remain. Since there were no adults, the children that were on the island needed to choose a leader and it was either between Ralph and Jack. Ralph got the most votes which means Ralph became chief. Even though he won, he still shared his power with Jack, “Jack’s in charge of the choir. They can be-what do you want them to be” (Pg 23). Ralph was civilized by sharing his power to get Jack on his side. The audience can tell that Ralph is trying to keep everyone together since he is the leader. He even makes rules such as whoever holds the conch can talk. The conch represents hope for the boys to follow orders and to be civilized. Since they are on their own now, they can not depend on their parents as they used to.

This relates to the real world example of “Black lives matter”. Black lives matter is an activist movement that started in 2012 after Trayvon Martin was murdered by a neighborhood watch volunteer. The main point of this movement was to show that black lives matter. One example that happened in many schools is when the students dropped themselves on the floor for 60 seconds to support the movement. This is a civilized movement that does not require killing anyone. Their environment of where these events take place were placed on their own website for others who are interested to catch up on the events that are going on or about to go on. Based on their official website, there was a quote that says, “This is not a moment but a movement”. This shows how they are approaching this in a civilized way. They are not ignoring it and killing every police or plotting revenge. In this case, it shows how they are trying to be civilized based on what had happen.  Although, there are probably thousands or millions of people pissed about the unfair case in which was the death of Trayvon Martin.

The Trayvon Martin case was a case about a 17 year old African American boy who was shot to death by George Zimmerman or the neighborhood watch volunteer which has been stated earlier. “I shot Martin in Self defense” was what Zimmerman said during the trial according to the news, CNN. The fact that he got away with this proves how savage he is because either way, he did kill him. This does not justify his death. Trayvon Martin was shot because of being mistaken for having a gun when he actually have a Arizona bottle. This could have been a fear of Trayvon Martin possessing a gun since it was an environment that Zimmerman was not very familiar with. The environment that Trayvon Martin was in was his neighborhood which caused his death since he looked suspicious. Zimmerman was afraid. This caused him to not make the right choice because Trayvon Martin was still killed by getting shot. He could have admitted that he was afraid but he did not and he still got away with it, this shows savagery. Fear is something that everyone has at least once in their life and it can be a uneasy feeling that affects a lot of people.

In the book of “The Lord of The Flies, there was a moment towards the end where the tribe killed Simon. Ralph and Piggy desperately tried to maintain the rule of the tribe but when fear approached them, everything went downhill because they became savage. They had mistaken Simon as the beast therefore killing him. “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood” (Pg 186) This quote was said before they killed Simon, they were just doing a ritual until they saw something moving. In the beginning of the book, they would have not killed whatever was moving but run. Instead, they killed the beast. This shows how this environment that the children were placed in has caused them to become savage. They were trying to be brave which showed how they were not afraid of what’s out there but in reality they feared each other.

In conclusion, based on the information that has been given, environment had a huge impact on children. In the beginning of the “Lord of the Flies”, the children got stuck on an island due to an accident and at the end of the book, the children changed. Since they had been stranded on the island for so long they became savage. Their mindset on their environment poisoned them to survive. Fear became a trouble for them and that pushed them to a crueler side making them kill for no reason just like in Simon’s case where they thought of him as the beast, therefore killing him. Same thing as the real world example but in the opposite direction. The environment where Zimmerman was at could have caused him to killed Trayvon due to fear of him having a gun which is savage since he didn’t. But they made a movement called the Black lives matter to support black people’s lives in ways that does not involve killing one another. This is called being civilized. Therefore, this proves how a different environment has an effect on a person on whether they become savage or civilized.

Work Cited

  1. Golding, William. Lord of the Flies: A Novel. New York: Perigee, 2006. Print.

  2. Botelho, Greg, and Holly Yan. "George Zimmerman Found Not Guilty of Murder in Trayvon Martin's Death." CNN. Greg Botelho and Holly Yan: Cable News Network, 14 July 2013. Web. 06 Apr. 2016.

  3. Garza, Alicia, Opal Tometi, and Patrisse Cullors. "Black Lives Matter Freedom & Justice for All Black Lives." Black Lives Matter RSS2. Black Lives Matter. Web. 06 Apr. 2016.

Nurture vs. Nature

Jhazzelle Majarucon

Nurture vs. Nature

What controls human behavior? This question may have a lot of answers to it, but most people believe that humans have self-control. Some may say that it is all because of the genes; the things that a person is born with. However, not only do others believe in that but, some considers the environment as one of the factors that influences human behavior. Humans also interact and socialize with other people which builds up conflict, agreement, disagreement, and confusion. That causes change and the development of one’s mind. The environment influences the way people live, act, and deal with things. A change in behavior may occur as the environment changes.

In the beginning of the novel, “The Lord of The Flies” by William Golding, the children whose plane crashed on an isolated island showed their innocence and their child-like personalities. But, as the situation gets harder and harder each day they realized that due to the absence of the adults or any assistance, things were a lot harder. This caused most of them to transition from being modest to savage. In chapter 4 of the book, Jack, the chief of his own tribe, had a new strategy for hunting where he wanted to look like something else. So, he painted this mask on his face using a charcoal stick to conceal his features as it showed change in his personality. “The mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness.” (64) At this point of the story, it showed that the freedom offered to Jack by the island allowed him to express the darker sides of his personality that he hid from the beliefs of his past environment. The mask hides Jack away because it turned him into an aggressive and savage version of himself. The mask allowed Jack and the other children to conceal their identities as they were free from becoming a “new person”. Not only did the mask conceal Jack’s identity, but it gave him more power which made others scared and intimidated of Jack.

Rituals began to form on the island with the children as it happened on a daily basis. The rituals may have benefitted them for survival and coordination, but, these rituals had a serious effect on their minds and behaviors. The children turned out to be savages throughout the course of the book as they do things more as their way of entertainment. The island gave them too much freedom which allowed them to show the dark sides of themselves. “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!” (114) This was the chant that they would use either at the last moment of a hunt or in celebration of their successful hunt. The words clearly shows the act of violence in the children and how they connect violence with entertainment. At this point of the story, they were chanting for the excitement of having a fresh flesh from the pig as it showed their satisfaction of killing a pig. Based on their experiences on the island the children’s mindsets have changed in a way that violence wasn’t feared among them. But because they see violence as entertainment they still tend to have the mindset of a child. If they were a grown up, violence would be done in a serious manner and not in a jokingly manner like the children in the book. I think that Golding tried to show the difference between the mindset of a child versus the mindset of an adult based off of an unfamiliar situation in the wilderness while showing the relationship between the people and their environment.

In the real world,  children are more likely to be influenced by their surroundings because of their “nature” which is the gene and “nurture”, the way the person was raised growing up. According to Judith Rich Harris, a psychology researcher who is also the author of The Nurture Assumption, heredity and environment are two things that shapes a child. She described the difference between “nurture” and  “nature”. She says that using nurture as a synonym for environment is based off of the assumption about what influences a child’s growth, apart from genes, is how the child was brought up along with its surroundings. “The environment is just as important as the genes. The things children experience while they are growing up are just as important as the things they are born with.” ( She is saying that not everything is genetic; human minds are shaped by how they were raised and what they are surrounded by. Not only do genes make people who they are but the surroundings impact a person’s individuality.  This relates back to my thesis statement and my examples from the paragraphs above because it shows the importance of the environment in shaping individuals just like how the island shaped the actions and thoughts of the children.

Another example in the real world that relates to my above examples from the book is from the source, talking about “How personality traits are associated with environmental engagement”. Scientists and psychologists have done studies about different personalities that correlates to environment engagement. They knew that to change a person’s behavior towards the environment, they had to understand the personality of the person. Personality informs people’s beliefs, values, and attitudes, and scientists have found that personality factors can influence our likelihood to engage in environmentally sensitive practices.” ( What the author is trying to say is that the change in behavior in an environment is all because of the psychological factors that affect a person’s attitude. Personalities does affect the environment just like how the environment affects a person. One can’t take away someone’s personality because it is already built into that person’s system, but it can always be altered by the environment. No matter how much a person’s behavior is affected by its surroundings its individual-level personality traits will always remain.

In conclusion, there are a lot of ways that a person’s behavior can be changed or developed. The children in the book had created new personalities to themselves because the island gave them a lot of freedom to express themselves and liberate their real identity. The change in environment resulted in the change of behavior. We are always built with our own traits but it can always be altered by our environment and the people around us. In short, it’s not always about the genes or the things we were born with; our surroundings moves and shapes us and it will determine what a person’s future self will be tomorrow. To end all this, I conclude that the environment does affect us as individuals and a person continues to develop itself in the surrounding that it is in.

Works Cited:

Golding, William. Lord of The Flies

New York: Perigee, 2006

Harris, Judith Rich. "The Nurture Assumption." Nytimes. The New York Times Company, 1998. Web. 7 Apr. 2016.

Thomas, Liz. "How Personality Traits Are Associated with Environmental Engagement." Environment.yale. Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, 31 Mar. 2014. Web. 7 Apr. 2016.

Greed Over Good

Why do leaders choose to lead? They often say it is because they want to help their community for the common good. However, as people rise to power, the good intentions they once had, are now clouded by their need of more dominance. Their drive to control others to benefit oneself overrules their judgment when it comes to caring for those who don’t have control. In the book, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, a group of boys stranded on an island have to create a new way of living. Many acts of greed and selfishness take over the boys as the are adjusting to this new and fascinating life without parents. Some of them are leaders while others have to quietly follow. Those who lead, take advantage of their power to benefit themselves rather than benefiting their community.

When first arriving on the island the boys are scrambling to understand what is currently happening to them. Piggy, them most intelligent of them all, is often pushed aside. Jack, the more rowdy of the older kids, suggests that he should be the leader, rivaling Ralph. One of the boys suggest they have a vote. To show off his dominance Ralph blows a conch shell with great pride. “‘Him with the shell. Ralph! Ralph! Let him be chief with the trumpet-thing.’ Ralph raised a hand for silence.” (page 22) The little children are in awe as they see one of the older boys, Ralph, blow the conch. He purposely does this to gain attention, knowing that his first impression is the one that matters most. Ralph realizes that if he can prove his dominance over Jack now, the easier it will be for everyone to accept him as a leader later. By Ralph raising “...a hand for silence” he is showing all the other kids that he holds the power. Ralph is trying to be leader because he wants to have power over Jack. He wants to have power no so he can lead the them, but because he wants to be the one in charge of the scared and vulnerable boys. He sees this as an opportunity to dictate and be in power.  Piggy is overshadowed by the dominance of Ralph. Piggy could have brought much more stability and a sense of civilization to the island, but he is obscured by Ralph because, in his own selfish needs, he had to be leader in order to feel fulfilled.

Similar to Ralph and the power he has over the island, Benjamin Netanyahu, prime minister of Israel, abuses this power to only benefit himself and other Israelis. He is occupying Palestinian land by not being in compliance with the 1967 borders. His military forces have infiltrated Palestine. According to an article published by Haaretz, Netanyahu isn’t looking for “peace.” It stated, “Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu yesterday rejected a Palestinian demand that direct negotiations be based on a statement by the Quartet confirming its position that the future Palestinian state will be based on the 1967 borders.” Netanyahu's greed and selfish aspirations are clouding his moral compass. Killing thousands of Palestinians in bombings and shootings are at the back of his mind when he says that Palestinians are violent and terrorists, which is very hypocritical on his account. Similar to Ralph, he only wants what’s best for himself as leader and doesn’t care who struggles in order for that to happen. Netanyahu, is aware of the bloodshed of Palestinians, because he is allowing it to happen. Blaming the Palestinians for terrorism, caused by radical Islam to justify it. By declining a deal, that was made decades ago to benefit both Israel and Palestine, is a clear example of his greed for more and more land. It isn’t his goal to have peace and coexist with the Palestinians like the two-state solution would allow. His ultimate goal is to own all of the Palestinian land, or at least most majority of it. He will not stop until his selfish needs are fulfilled and Palestinian blood paints Gaza red all over.

Similar to the selfish needs of Netanyahu, and his need to control things that don’t belong to him, Jack one of the older boys from Lord of the Flies does the same to Piggy at one of the meetings when Piggy holds the conch, which is used to silence everyone but the holder at meetings, and Jack denies him a chance to speak. Piggy argues that he holds the conch. “‘Conch! Conch!’ shouted Jack. ‘We don’t need the conch anymore. We know who ought to say things… It’s time some people knew they’ve got to keep quiet and leave deciding things to the rest of us.’” (page 101-102) Jack silences Piggy rather than listening to him like a good leader would do. He doesn’t want anyone giving him suggestions because he ultimately believes he is always right. Jack won’t allow anyone to talk but himself. An attribute that selfish people tend to have. People like Piggy, who just want to be heard and make a positive change in the community they live in are hushed by people like Jack who are in control. Khalida Jarrar is very similar to Piggy who, according to Samidoun, is a human rights activist and a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council. Israeli soldiers barged into her home forcing her to sign an expulsion letter, she refused saying “You, the occupation, are killing our Palestinian people. You practice mass arrests, demolish homes, kidnap people from their homes and deport them. It is you who must leave our home.” Khalida Jarrar was sentenced to 15 months of imprisonment by Israeli military forces soon after. Similar to how Jack wouldn’t let Piggy speak, even when it was his right too, Khalida Jarrar was restricted from using her voice to defend Palestinians and protest the Israeli occupation in her homeland. Selfish leaders hate seeing an opposing threat with a voice that people will listen to. It means they are in jeopardy of losing their power and dominance over others. Selfish leaders would rather silence the noise altogether than have to deal with the herds of people protesting in their ears.

When someone has control over a group, when someone is the sole person who can decide what is allowed and what is not, that person tends to abuse that power. Leaders, rather than help the society, hurt it more since it's easier to abuse power when leaders are the one holding the reins. Dominance and greed over take them and they take advantage over that power and use it for their own welfare and selfish desires. Especially when it’s easier to manipulate others to get what you want.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Perigee, 2006.

Issacharoff, Avi, and Barak Ravid. "Netanyahu Rejects Peace Talks Based on 1967 Borders." Haaretz Daily Newspaper, 12 Aug. 2010. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

"Khalida Jarrar Solidarity Campaign: Free Khalida Jarrar!" Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network. Samidoun, 21 Aug. 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2016. <>.

ACE Mentor Program ILP

My ILP is with the ACE Mentor Program, and my group meets every two weeks to work on our project. We are working on a redesign of the Drexel Armory, not actually gutting the place out but creating all the blueprints and following the procedures that would take place before an actual construction project where to occur. It's very interesting seeing the process  and all the factors that go into redesigning, let alone constructing a new building. We have to take into consideration the amount of power is needed, the amount of air that is required, and the budget and schedule that is needed to make these things happen. Let alone all of the different people who are needed to make the plans people. It has been a great learning with professionals on how many of the things we don't pay attention too are so vital to our everyday lives and has opened my eyes to many great career paths that could be cool to explore. 

Dog Ownership

Aside from the benefits of having a lifelong companion, having a dog holds a lot of unexpected perks as well. To start off, a common issue with owning a pet happens to be allergies that are triggered through dander and fur, and while this is true for a lot of families, those who happen to have smaller children with a dog actually have a greater chance of not having these allergies. This is because of the exposure to these allergens from an earlier age allows the body to adapt to having them within it’s system. The child is young enough to have a buildup within their immune system, which cancels out the negative effect that an allergen can have when first entering the body, as they become quite literally immune to it. This isn’t the case for every animal, however, as cats actually have the adverse effect.

Dogs are also known for provoking happiness in many people. Petting, playing, or even simply looking at a dog triggers the brain to release a chemical called oxytocin, which inhibits an elevated mood. These levels are increased, causing a happier outlook. The same can be said for walking a dog in order to combat stress. The act of physically moving releases endorphins, a natural pain-killer which assist sleep and in turn helps sleep and lowers one’s stress. Aside from the physical aspects of it, playing with an animal is typically an enjoyable experience, which in turn generally proves to be something worthwhile in doing.

Another fun fact about owning a dog comes in the form of the immune system. As dogs are made up completely differently than humans, their bodies are made up of different bacteria types, which can vary from the bacteria found within the human body. Now, while this may sound like a bad thing, these bacteria can be passed through to their owner. This allows the immune system to create a variety of different antibodies, usually increasing the amount in the system overall, which is a good sign, as an increase in this mechanism allows one to get sick much less. Studies have shown that dog owners are less likely to get sick than their petless counterparts.

Placing this into the real world, dogs have a pretty high standing. Because of their stress reducing qualities, symptoms of depression and anxiety can be lowered for individuals  suffering from those disorders. Even suffers of depression or those with suicidal thoughts have a reason to stay alive and get active on days that appear to be too much to handle. Walking dogs can improve heart health, and can lower the risk of heart disease by lowering cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood pressure, which lowers the chances of future heart attacks. Emotional support dogs and seeing eye dogs are beneficial to those with vision problems, or those who have emotional disabilities, and can prove to be quite useful in these situations. Dogs can also be social object, as different breeds can often be used as a conversation starter, allowing those who wouldn’t normally socialize to have the chance to do so. Did I mention how adorable dogs are in general?

This relates back to myself in a lot of different ways. While I’m not a dog owner myself, I do have a guinea pig, which could technically be considered the same thing. Having a dog would greatly improve my emotional and social life, as well as allow me to be more physically active, as playing with a dog isn’t a super intense workout, but provides just the right amount of physical activity. The dogs I know are already extremely friendly and really entertaining. All of this, plus every other benefit really makes getting a dog a great addition to future plans! Not only are they extremely cute and cuddly, but they provide a lifetime of really awesome benefits!

Sources Cited 

Alleyne, R. (2010, September 29). Pet dogs reduce allergies in children, but cats increase them. Retrieved April 07, 2016, from

Hoffer, S. (2011, July 13). Study Shows Pet Ownership Has Psychological Benefits. Retrieved April 07, 2016, from

O'Connor, A. (2013, May 09). Owning a Dog Is Linked to Reduced Heart Risk. Retrieved April 07, 2016, from

Original songs written by Spanish 1

As the culminating project for Spanish 1's unit on the impact of immigration on family, students composed their own songs answering one of the three EQ's:
What does family mean to you? Who is your family? What's unique about your family? What's your family story?
How is your identity or family "clandestino" or at an "encrucijada"?
How does immigration impact family stories, identities and experiences?

Here is the project description. Take a listen to these fabulous songs (and see the lyrics) composed by our very own SLA students: