Hard to Get

Taming of the Shrew and 500 Days of Summer

Relationships are often pictured as a man chasing after a woman he likes, and she falls right into his arms and they get married and live “happily ever after.” In “Taming of the Shrew,” a man named Petruchio chases a girl named Katherine. Katherine isn’t your average woman pictured in movies and fairytales, she is feisty and fights for what she believes in. Due to the time being, she is being forced to marry Petruchio even though she does not want to. In the movie “500 Days of Summer,” it is almost the same exact way. The main character, Tom, has spent his whole life searching for the woman of his dreams and to marry. He meets Summer. Summer doesn’t believe in love, and expresses that to Tom, but he doesn’t listen, they get into a highly romantic relationship, and she ends up leaving him heart broken. These two stories prove how women do not always have to fall for whichever man shows interest in them, that they are human and when they have the choice, they choose what they want and what is best for them in the long run. It depends on the societal rules of the time: Summer had the choice, Katherine did not because of how women were treated in those times.

“You lie, in faith, for you are called plain Kate, and bonny Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst.”

(Act II, Scene I, Line 179-180)

Katherine meets her soon-to-be husband Petruchio for the first time, and it is not a pleasant experience for her. He forces his way to her, despite her constant disapproval of him. Amongst their bickering, this line shows the fact that Kate is known as a “curst” among the town. This is because she chooses what she wants instead of being weak and fragile as a woman was supposed to be at that time.

The way Summer is seen is almost the same way:

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One of Tom’s coworkers see Tom staring at Summer. He warns him that he hears that she is a bitch and starts calling her degrading words such as a “skank.” Tom looks disappointed, replying “Why do the pretty girls think they can treat people that way?” This is because Summer has turned many guys down, not falling for their charm and choosing her own path. Because of her rejection of love and relationships, men cannot dominate her so therefore they look down upon her. In Taming of the Shrew, Katherine was looked down upon and called names by men because she stood up to them and rejected them if she wanted to. Both women, Summer and Kate, faced ridicule for making their own decisions and choosing what they want.


“Alas, good Kate, I will not burden thee, for knowing thee to be but young and light-” Petruchio


“Too light for such a swain as you to catch and yet as heavy as my weight should be.”

(Act II, Scene I, 196-199)

Petruchio persists on winning Kate over. He even goes on a high speed chase to get to her. She tells him over and over that she does not want him, but he does not care. He knows she is a woman and that he can easily dominate her and make decisions for her. He knew that eventually she would marry him anyways, since everyone wanted Kate to be married very soon and he already had her father's approval.

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Summer is sitting and chatting with Tom and his friend. The friend asks Summer if she has a boyfriend. She replies no, and the two guys are shocked and start asking her if she is a lesbian. She says no, she just likes being alone. She claims she doesn’t believe in love and has never been in it. “There’s no such thing as love, just fantasy.” Tom still proceeds and falls in love with her anyways. In Taming of the Shrew, Katherine was rushed to get married. It was unusual to be her age and not have a husband. She never expressed that she did not want a husband, however, by her stubborn attitude towards the men who wanted her, it shows she wanted to find someone she actually wanted and was not going to settle for just anyone. Summer and Katherine were both, as the quote says, “too light too catch.”


“I see a woman may be made a fool,
If she had not a spirit to resist.”

(Act III, Scene II, 194)

Kate realises after marrying Petruchio that she was a fool. Although she did put up a great deal of resistance, her position as a woman resulted in what she did not want: to marry Petruchio. She is saying that if any women does not resist something that they don’t want at all, that they will end up getting it anyways.

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Summer blatantly ends the entire relationship she had with Tom in one sentence: “I think we should end this thing.” Tom’s emotions and sadness are shown through this scene, he describes how well the relationship was going and how much he loves her and he knows that she is the one. Summer seems to be emotionless and careless, and compares their relationship to another relationship where a woman was murdered, her being the murderer. Tom’s emotions take over and he leaves the restaurant, while Summer yells, “Don’t go, you’re still my best friend!” Tom did not listen to Summer’s thoughts on love in the beginning, therefore he falls in love and she leaves him heartbroken. Summer and Kate’s resistance was blatant throughout both stories, however, both men did not listen to them.

Both Summer and Kate fight for what they want. They both allow themselves to make their own decisions on what they want and what is best for them. Although Kate obviously loses that fight, she still had her ideals on how she wanted her life to go. Kate and Summer both have a unique view on love for a woman to have: they do not need a man by their side. Even though at that time it was the norm to have a husband, Kate did not have one by her age. She denied every chance of having one because she did not like the person. Summer denied men, too, because she did not believe in love. Both women were ridiculed for crossing the boundaries of what they were supposed to feel towards love, which is the fairytale of dreaming about marriage and depending on husbands.

Giving their Sonny Side

Giving their Sonny Side

Comparing The Taming of the Shrew and Big Daddy

In William Shakespeare’s The Taming of the Shrew, there are certain attributes that the men must enact to court the women. The book follows around two suitors, Lucentio and Petruchio, who witness, utilize, and understand the expectations by which the two are expected to have at the time as they chase after a father’s daughters. The same can be said about the 1999 movie Big Daddy, which follows Sonny, a young man (played by Adam Sandler) who illegally adopts a child as his own. Sonny also has to deal with the expectations women have for him as a man. Both the suitors and Sonny have to show that they must make the first move towards the woman and also demonstrate that they can take care of the woman. However, since it is a different time period, the importance of romance varies. While the suitors do not need to be romantic to the women in order to woo them, Sonny has to share romantic moments with Layla for her to fall in love with him. Therefore, men have always known that they have certain standards and expectations they have had to meet in order to court women. However, these aspects, including romance, have evolved over time.

“Sir, list to me: I am my father’s heir and only son. If I may have your daughter to my wife, I’ll leave her houses three or four as good, within rich Pisa walls, as any one old Signior Gremio has in Padua, besides two thousand ducats by the year of fruitful land, all which shall be her jointure.” -  Tranio as Lucentio.

Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 383-391.

In this scene, Tranio is disguised as Lucentio, acting as a potential suitor for a sweet, pretty young woman named Bianca while Lucentio pretends to be a school teacher. However, as shown in the quote before, he first has to prove his worth to her father and show that he can take care of Bianca. He makes the first move by coming to her house and showing interest in Bianca to Baptista, the father. In Big Daddy, Sonny also has to make the first move and prove that he can take care of Layla.

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While in The Taming of the Shrew, Tranio (disguised as Lucentio) makes the first move and shows his worth in one scene and quote, the same cannot be said for Sonny in Big Daddy. In the first screenshot provided, Sonny is making his first move to Layla in the park. He uses his illegally adopted child to help find a way to talk to Layla. It is obvious she is into him, but does not want to make a commitment. Over time, they begin to spend more time together, as shown in the second screenshot. During these special times, Sonny works to demonstrate that he is responsible by showing that he can take care of Layla.

While both the book and movie show two similar ideas about the expectations that men know they must follow in order to successfully court a women, they also differ. In order to show that he could take care of Bianca, Tranio (disguised as Lucentio) had to go through Baptista first. He also had to prove that he can take care of Bianca in the future by showing off his wealth, as demonstrated in the quote above. Sonny also had to make the first move, but went straight to the woman, which shows the change in romance. Today, women have more agency and speak for themselves, unlike in Shrew, where the suitors went the father first.

In addition, just like in The Taming of the Shrew, wealth plays a large role in Sonny’s effort to court Layla. When they first meet, he is working in a toll booth once a week. His lack of ability to maintain a well paying job is a main reason why his former girlfriend, Vanessa, leaves him at the beginning of the movie. It is also cause of concern for Layla and her family. When they have their first kiss, Layla’s sister witnesses it and scolds Layla saying, “He’s dirty and he’s poor.” At the end, Sonny becomes a lawyer and marries Layla. Just like in The Taming of the Shrew, Sonny’s ability to show that he can find a reliable source of income finds him a wife.  

“And therefore, if thou know one rich enough to be Petruchio’s wife (As wealth is burden of my wooing dance), be she as foul as was Florentius’ love, as old as Sibyl, and as curst and shrewd as Socrates’ Xanthippe, or a worse, she moves me not, or not removes at least affection’s edge in me, were she as rough as are the swelling Adriatic seas.” -Petruchio

Act 1, Scene 2, Lines 68-75

In Shrew, Petruchio is explaining to Hortensio, a friend, his ideas on courtship. At face value, the quote is showing how Petruchio views Katharine. He doesn’t care if she is nice or beautiful or if she is romantic-- all he cares about is money. However, this also shows the expectations that women have for men in Shrew does not include romance. Petruchio knows that he merely has to show an interest in Katharine and provide his wealth. Eventually, Petruchio goes on to court Katherine without showing much affection towards her. However, the opposite can be said about Sonny’s expectations as a man, seeking a wife.


In this scene, Sonny is enjoying a romantic scene with Layla. After going out to a fancy restaurant, Sonny and Layla have their first kiss under the stars of New York City, when he drops her off at her apartment. He understands that in order for him to woo Layla, he has to be romantic. This kiss and other instances, like while they’re sitting on the couch listening to music, shows his effort at romance.

However, in Shrew, the romance is not a necessity. As shown through Petruchio’s explanation about what women mean to him, and the fact that he was still able to court Katherine, shows its lack of importance. This is the opposite of what Sonny thinks he needs to do in order to court Layla. Therefore, he tries to have moments like the first kiss to show his romantic outreach and love for Layla. As times have since changed, Petruchio doesn’t need to do this to woo Katherine.

The play and the movie both show the expectations that men know they must meet in order to court women. However, some aspects have developed over time which helps us understand society’s attitudes towards courtship. As women have gained more and more rights over themselves, their relationships, and the world around them, the expectations have changed with them. In The Taming of the Shrew, the men had to first prove themselves to their desired women’s fathers, while today, they have to prove themselves straight to the women. Ultimately, these aspects have impacted the standard that men know they have to utilize, although many of the ideas still hold the same basis.

Works Cited:

  • Shakespeare, William. The Taming of the Shrew. Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1992. Print.
  • Big Daddy. Directed by Dennis Dugan. Performed by Adam Sandler and Joey Lauren Adams. New York City, 1999. Film.

Chasing the Standards of Society

In the play Taming the Shrew the play suggests that romantic relationships are about achieving the status symbol of being an adult in society. In Taming the Shrew Katherine is described as a head strong girl that no one wants, because she is wild or shrew like. Petruchio wins her over with his wits and ends up marrying her, although his main plan is to tame his wife and rid her of her shrew like nature. In the 2004 movie Chasing Liberty there are the main characters with  Anna Foster and Ben Calder are two characters in a complicated relationship where Anna is the president's daughter and must be protected, and Ben is a secret service agent, but Anna doesn’t know his true identity. Anna ditches the secret service agents and Ben must follow her to insure her overall safety and protection. On the surface, this plot may appear to have nothing to do with the story of “Shrew” One thing has become clear in analysing both Taming the Shrew and Chasing Liberty the fact that relationships are a part of achieving the status symbol of being an adult. As a result, teens want them, and for more than just having romance. Katherine and Anna share similar emotions and motivations in their stories. Katherine is held down by the expectations of her society. By what her father wants and prospective suitors who would be her husband. In contrast  Anna is held down by her father's profession and his protectiveness, but wants to experience life on her own. Although both Katherine and Anna show the same craving for freedom, in order for women to be seen as adults in their societies they have to have “romantic” relationships.  

"Quote from Play"

Act II, Scene 1; 905

Baptista Minola: Y'are welcome, sir, and he for your good sake;

But for my daughter Katherine, this I know,

She is not for your turn, the more my grief.

Petruchio: I see you do not mean to part with her;

Or else you like not of my company.

Baptista Minola: Mistake me not; I speak but as I find.

In the quote from Taming the Shrew Petruchio and Baptista are talking about Katherine. Petruchio starts off by saying what a lovely girl she is and all the wonderful things he has heard about her. Although Kathrine just had a fight with her sister and made a big commotion. The father keeps trying to downplay Katherine and persuade Petruchio differently, so that he won’t take interest in his daughter.

The parental relationship that Katherine shares with her father is very similar to Anna and her father's relationship in Chasing Liberty.  

Screenshot 2016-04-20 at 10.43.30 PM.pngIn the scene Anna’s parents are talking about understanding her and why she needed freedom. This is after she’s run away with a guy she thinks is a photographer. They discuss how she at least needs the illusion of freedom. Just like Baptisia they seek to control their daughters and limiting them from having certain things.

"Quote from Play"

Thy husband is thy lord, thy life, thy keeper,

Thy head, thy sovereign, one that cares for thee,

And for thy maintenance commits his body

To painful labour both by sea and land,

To watch the night in storms, the day in cold,

Whilst thou liest warm at home, secure and safe,

And craves no other tribute at thy hands

But love, fair looks, and true obedience,

Too little payment for so great a debt.

. . .

My mind hath been as big as one of yours,

My heart as great, my reason haply more,

To bandy word for word and frown for frown;

But now I see our lances are but straws,

Our strength as weak, our weakness past compare,

That seeming to be most which we indeed least are.

Then vail your stomachs, for it is no boot,

And place your hands below your husband’s foot,

In token of which duty, if he please,

My hand is ready, may it do him ease.



This scene happens at the end of the play, where Petruchio makes a bet with whose wife is more obedient and he wins the bet. This quote shows not only Katherine and Petruchio’s relationship, but how husband and wife relationships were viewed in that time period. When Katherine married Petruchio she got some freedom from her father. This relationship was the only way to achieve this freedom, because her father Baptista had the power to control her future. Although some would argue about giving her freedom to her husband Petruchio, but by looking at their relationship closely, it's a give and take relationship. She respects Petruchio as her husband. He gives her a freedom she could have could’ve never achieved with Baptista. When she married Petruchio instead being viewed as a kid Baptisias opinion of Kathrine changes, he thinks of her as a wife instead of a child.

In Chasing Liberty Anna’s father opinion about her age and what she is ready for changes overtime too.    


In this scene Anna and Ben (The other romantic lead) have just reconnected after being separated when she was taken home. After Anna left Ben, her and her parents saw her heartbreak they started to trust her more and gave her more freedom. The relationship between Ben and Anna was seen as a life experience that she had grown from. So they gave her the freedom that she craved.  

Chasing Liberty and Taming the Shrew have similarities in that society views romantic relationships the same. That overall “romantic” relationships are viewed as an adult thing or is reserved for adulthood. This show that society's opinion of relationship hasn’t changed overtime. When Taming the Shrew was written in 1593, even though there opinion of women are different from what our current society thinks, it still is surrounded by the idea that a woman's life isn’t complete without romance. Analysing Chasing Liberty and Taming the Shrew it is shown that society’s opinion about woman and adulthood has stayed the same and is likely to stay unchanged.

Eggs in One Basket

Society’s perception of what love is and how it should relate to relationships has been skewed into the area of fantasy and wishful thinking for many centuries, and art has always sought to satirize and critique this. For instance, while they may have been both written over 300 years apart, the classic Shakespearian comedy “Taming of the Shrew” and the 1977 Woody Allen movie “Annie Hall”, both examine to some extent the expectations of relationships and how those expectations can either tear relationships apart or bond the couple in question tighter together. Through their combined commentary, “Shrew” and “Annie Hall”, both in their similar and different approaches to tackling the nebulous theme of love, create stunning and contemporary insights on the predetermined expectations of relationships, how society has taught us they should be, how they actually are, and what they mean for both of the people involved.

Expectation is a broad term, so before we begin to compare and contrast these two pieces of media, we need to solidify what both are trying to say about the subject of expectation. “Shrew” was written during a time where men were expected to hold control over a marriage while the woman wasn’t so much as a person as a medal. She was a way to either show off prideful arrogance or attain money and land. This is reflected in the play. The two sisters: Bianca and Kate, aren’t so much courted because of love as they were because of interior motives from the suitors. The reader doesn’t so much see Bianca is being courted by her three suitors Gremio, Hortensio and Lucentio pursue Bianca because they love her as much as her land-renowned beauty is something to be won. The pitifulness of this venture is reflected in the play’s own genre, the comedic nature of the play is a way to reflect just how silly the whole situation is: that Bianca’s suitors disguise themselves as other people to win her love, or rely on dirty tricks so they can be the one’s to inherit Bianca’s wealth and land. It makes it all the more ironic and satisfying when the one who Bianca marries at the end of the play is Lucentio, the one suitor who impersonates a man(the literature teacher Cambio) who does not have money or family renowned to offer in exchange to Bianca’s father Baptista for Bianca’s hand.

As for Kate, her objectification is a little more obvious. Her suitor Petruchio only seeks to woo her initially for the money from her father, who in turn is also actively using Kate as a literal roadblock in order to get her married, not allowing for the more desirable Bianca to be married until Kate is first engaged. It’s in this sexist expectation of the time period that the play finds its most potent point, however. This is where the critique of the expectation of love is found in “Shrew”. The last scene of the play is a narratively integral culmination of the satire that Shakespeare has been building up until that point, and while it is true that the finale of “Shrew” is extremely interpretive, for the purpose of this paper, we will interpret it as it relates to the theme.

“To offer war where they should kneel for peace;

Or seek for rule, supremacy, and sway,

When they are bound to serve, love, and obey.

Why are our bodies soft and weak and smooth,

Unapt to toil and trouble in the world,

But that our soft conditions and our hearts

Should well agree with our external parts?”

-Kate(Act V, Sc 2)

Kate’s passionate monologue at the end of the play is essentially complete contradiction of how she has acted throughout the entirety of “Shrew”. What she is saying here is contrary to her beliefs about the relationship dynamics between man and wife should work, and neither is she simply repeating hammered in ideals from her newlywed Petruchio. Petruchio after all, has been one of the less misogynist people we’ve met in the play, since he’s mostly just here for the money and doesn’t directly give Kate power over the marriage, but not exactly taking it away from her either. Rather, his aptitude to leave her to fend for herself during their honeymoon suggests that he completely understands Kate’s strength and will, but just needs to show her that such an attitude will only drive people away, so she best calm a bit. So, if not Petruchio to who Kate delivers this speech, then who? The answer, as well as who Shakespeare was mocking in “Shrew”,  is simply the audience, and by extension the reader. Though it could be read one way or another, “Shrew”could be regarded as a biting commentary on the unequal gender-dynamics of the time, playing up the stupidness of it for laughs, before ending it with a speech that can easily be seen as completely false given what the audience have seen throughout the play. And, just to spit in the face of those who may be taking the speech seriously, Shakespeare has given the most important, longest and most thematically significant speech, the last grand monologue before the curtain drops… to a woman. It’s a combination of thematic comedy and tonal identity, that shows just how much expectations towards marriage have changed during the centuries. It ends the play on a note saying that while society may still hold these sexist expectations, Kate and Petruchio know it not to be true, though that won’t stop them from holding a mutual understanding of how they’re being perceived by other, and exploiting that expectation to win the bet of the play’s last scene.

Annie Hall, on the other hand, takes on an expectation much more relevant to modern society and marriage as a whole, and the whole affair is decidedly much less upbeat than the comedic “Shrew”. Tackling the modern expectations of how relationships should be right now rather than the sexist ideals of Shakespeare’s time, Annie Hall questions whether happiness necessarily constitutes whether two people are in love. In the modern day world, happiness for both parties is in any expectation for marriage or relationship, but Annie Hall directly challenges this notion.


In this quiet scene in a bookstore, the protagonist of Annie Hall: Alvy, a neurotic comedian, explains his philosophy of life to the titular female lead. According to Alvy, in life, you’re either horrible or miserable. If you’re horrible you’re either terminally ill of psychically disabled, so if you’re neither of those things, you should be grateful to be miserable. It’s an extremely negative outlook on life as a whole, and while it’s one that only Alvy seems to hold in the movie, it’s an outlook that the movie seems to want to transfer to the audience. Life is a miserable experience, and so by extension, are relationships. But just because life and relationships are horrible, that doesn’t mean they still don’t hold some kind of value.

The conclusion of both media pieces ultimately hinges on whether the couples of “Shrew” and “Annie Hall” reject or deny the expectations about love and marriage that have till that point driven the narrative. In “Shrew”, both Petruchio and Kate have defied the sexist expectations of the time, and as a result, while they may not be in love with one another depending on how the dialogue is interpreted, they are certainly both are happy at the end of the play. They hold each-other in a certain amount of respect, and the reader can gather that their relationship, even if it was not romantic, still persevered long after the last scene.

“Come, Kate, we’ll go to bed.

We three are married, but you two are sped.

[To Lucentio] ‘Twas I won the wager, though you

hit the white,

And being a winner, God give you good night”

-Petruchio(Act V, Sc 2)

In this quote, Petruchio lays out why exactly he thinks he is the “winner” at the end of the play. Though Lucentio has won the jewel of the play: Bianca, the ultimate symbol of purity and “victory” throughout the plan, Petruchio knows that his relationship, built on a bedrock of mutual understanding rather than the sneaky underhand tactics that Lucentio stooped too, will ultimately prove more sustainable. This again, is shown by Shakespeare in the play. When the men make a bet to see which of their wives will come first when called, it is only Kate who comes to Petruchio, and not only that, but drags the non-obedient Bianca by the ear along with her. This could be seen as Kate being fully indoctrinated into the gender politics of the time, but more likely, it’s to show that the woman and men who built their marriages on the norm, and by extension, expectations of the time will not have a healthy, mutually respected relationship.

On the other half of the coin, Annie Hall shows how relationship dynamics falter when both sides of the relationships believe wholeheartedly in the romantic expectations of the time, which is in this case, that love equals happiness. Building up to the finale, Alvy and Annie have broken up and reconciled multiple times, but now that he’s about to lose Annie perhaps for good to a handsome music producer, Alvy flies to California to get her back. His attempt utterly fails, even an attempted marriage proposal, and he flies back to New York. The film closes on a slight fast-forward to chance meeting Alvy and Annie have back in New York, and it’s Alvy’s closing narration over this final scene that truly ties the thematic core of this piece together.


As the ending credits start to roll, Alvy describes an old joke he once heard. In the joke, the narrator tells a doctor that his brother believes that he is a chicken, and when the doctor asks the narrator why he doesn’t turn his brother in, the narrator says that he “needs the eggs”, which strikes a chord with Alvy about his experience with relationships. In Alvy’s opinion, while relationships may be chaotic and stupid and miserable, everyone still puts up with them because they “need the eggs”. This is a direct parallel to the film’s thematic message about happiness in relationships. While modern day expectations say that relationships should be happy, Annie Hall says that they are in reality, well… chaotic, stupid and miserable. But despite that, relationships still “give eggs”, that human connection that we call love, and the hurt is worth it. The ending of Annie Hall shows what happens when expectation about relationships get in the way of actual relationships, that that human connection crumbles.

Both “Shrew” and Annie Hall are critics of relationship expectations in terms of the time period they were both created. While they go about it different ways, both pieces of media agree that these expectations that society create around the concept of relationships destroy those same relationships. Proper relationships can only work if both parties look past the expectations created by society, and see their human connection for what they are eggs that worth harvesting despite the nasty stuff around them.

I Am Loud, Teach Me Silence

A Thematic Comparison of The Taming of the Shrew and Silver Linings Playbook

In The Taming of the Shrew, the plot revolves around Petruchio “taming” wild and angry Katharine to be a proper and decent wife as part of a challenge. Pat in Silver Linings Playbook does the same to Tiffany unintentionally by falling in love with her.

Though the methods that the two men use may seem different, the end result and the stereotypes the pieces carry out are very similar. Both men see possession over the women in their lives that they wish to date/marry, and both men end their journeys with a docile partner as a result of their actions, whether intentional or unintentional. The idea that women need to be fixed by a partner is perpetuated by both literature and media that portrays men as the changing force of a “troubled” woman’s life. He uses his tools of strength and affection to sedate her ways and convince her to act “normal”. Even though the movie has some more egalitarian themes because it is a more modern piece of work, both The Taming of the Shrew and Silver Linings Playbook show us that outspoken women are seen as something to be loved or taught how to be loved when they are incapable of doing so.

“I will be master of what is mine own./She is my goods, my chattels; she is my house,/My household stuff, my field, my barn,/My horse, my ox, my ass, my anything./And here she stands, touch her whoever dare.” Act 3, Scene 2 (235-239)

In Shrew, Petruchio is a suitor from another land who arrives to purposefully tame and marry infamously untameable and always single Katharine. In this particular scene, Petruchio is announcing to a crowd the power that he has over Katharine, the woman who, as made clear to us, does not wish to marry him. Petruchio acts as if he deserves to own Katharine as both his wife and property. He demeans her by comparing her to objects and animals. He implies how obedient and inanimate she can be under his care. Here, Katharine is shown as something to be taught how to love because she is so “wild” she was previously incapable of doing so. The idea that a loud or rude woman is presented as an inanimate thing waiting to be taught love is sexist by nature.

The man in this scene is named Pat, and the woman Tiffany. They both have ambiguous mental illnesses and violent mood swings, and because of this they do not get along at first. But after meeting through a mutual friend and then establishing a complicated friendship, they manage to find some common ground through their honesty. Pat was imprisoned because he beat up a man that he caught his wife with. In this particular scene, he has recently been released a few days before and is out on a job when he runs into Tiffany. Here, he is explaining to Tiffany why it will work out when he meets up with his past wife, Nikki, again.

“Okay, yeah, we wanna change each other, but that's normal, couples wanna do that. I want her to stop dressing like she dresses, I want her to stop acting so superior to me, okay? And she wanted me to lose weight and stop my mood swings, which both I've done. I mean, people fight. Couples fight. We would fight, we wouldn't talk for a couple weeks. That's normal. She always wanted the best for me … our love's gonna be f---ing amazing.”

Pat acts as if he deserves to win back Nikki and that she should accept his advances, even after their separation was because of an explosion caused by his possession over her body. He sees Nikki as something that he must teach how to love. He implies she was incapable of loving him before he “improved” himself and vice versa. Though this may seem like a more egalitarian way of considering love (both partners must improve for the other), Pat still presents it as if the only reason they will ever be happy together in the future is because they both changed they way they looked/acted.

“Katharine the curst,/A title for a maid of all titles the worst.”

Act 1, Scene 2 (130-131)

In this particular scene, Grumio is speaking to Hortensio about Katharine, and how mad and difficult she actually is to handle. The implication that Katharine already had this nickname assigned to her in the past, since mentioning it is a point of humor. Katharine is obviously seen as a woman who does not fit the societal standards of female obedience, and therefore is labelled as “curst” and “the worst”. But we are shown later in the play that Katharine has always continued to act this way because of the contrast between her and her docile sister, Bianca. She even criticizes her father for not favoring her and instead giving Bianca all of the affection and good marriages. Katharine is a real person acting on real emotions, not a madwoman like she is made out to be.


In this scene, Tiffany has just finished opening up to Pat about her depressive sexual behavior after her husband died. Then, Pat is discussing the dinner they had with a mutual friend and whether his behavior there would impress Nikki if Nikki had been there. They are speaking about the opinion of the actual woman who held the dinner, Tiffany’s sister. Tiffany is telling Pat what her sister said about him.

“She said you were cool, but … you know.”

“No, I don’t know.”

“Sort of like, how you are … sort of like me.”

“Sort of like you? I hope to God she didn’t tell Nikki that.”


“Because it’s just not right. Lumping you and I together, I mean, it’s just wrong, and Nikki wouldn’t like that. Especially after all the sh-t you just told me.”

“You think I’m crazier than you.”

“Because … I mean, well, we’re different.”

Tiffany is shamed by Pat because Tiffany does not meet the societal standards for female sexual activity. Therefore, Pat treats her as if she is a mad person and unable to be seen as anything acceptable. This is especially true because the purpose of the conversation is for Pat to woo Nikki again, and he condemns Tiffany’s behavior as not something that would attract a partner. Again, we return to the standards set for single women who do not want to marry.

It is made clear that Tiffany is a real person acting on real emotions, not a madwoman like she is made out to be.

Pat is Petruchio and Tiffany is Katharine. Both Tiffany and Katharine are labelled as onry and untamed. Except in Playbook as opposed to Shrew, both Pat and Tiffany are tamed by each other instead of the man taming the woman on purpose. Pat makes that clear when he says, “The only way to beat my crazy was to do something even crazier. Thank you. I love you.” Still, there are underlying implications of Pat taming Tiffany by loving her, and by the end of both the movie and the book (Shrew), both women are passive. Both Tiffany and Katharine are shown as people who need to be loved, and then are taught how to love once it is obvious that they are “unable” to. These portrayals show us that society’s attitudes toward heteronormative courtship/dating are largely skewed. Women are not seen as equals in the relationship in relation to men. Instead, they are first seen as something to be edited in order to fit patriarchal expectations. The moment they express themselves, outspoken women are seen as something to be loved or taught how to be loved when they are incapable of doing so.

The Bride's Keeper

A Comparison of "The Taming of the Shrew" and "Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhunia"

The play “The Taming of the Shrew”, explores the complexities of love and how it can eventually turn into marriage based in the past. On the other hand, the hindi film Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania (Humpty Sharma’s Bride) takes a look at love and marriage in the 21st century. In the play and the movie, the parents have a huge say in the marriage part of their children’s love story. The parents in both stories wish to see their daughters secure financially. While there are similarities between the concerns the parents have about their daughters, the way that their concerns evolve and they come to a compromise throughout the stories are different.

In the play, Baptista is only concerned about the money that the suitors can offer his daughter. This idea doesn’t budge or change at all throughout the play. In the end, he’s happy that both his daughters were able to get married to such rich men and doesn’t really ask for much else. In the movie, Kavya’s (Humpty’s lover) father is unaccepting of Humpty’s financial situation. However, after getting to know Humpty and who he is, he changed his mind. These stories reflect that while fathers can still be concerned about financial security in marriage for their daughters, today they are more flexible and willing to accept marriage from a suitor with a good heart and personality.

“Faith, gentlemen, now I play a merchant’s part;

And venture madly on a desperate mart.”

(Act II, Scene i, 345-346)

In the quote, Baptista is referring to himself as a merchant. It’s almost as if his daughter’s marriage means he’s selling her, like a merchant would sell his goods in a marketplace. By this point in “Taming of the Shrew”, Petruchio convinced Baptista that his daughter has agreed to marry him and that they will be married by Sunday. Baptista is very happy. What else could he ask for? Petruchio had everything he wants which consists of money, money and even more money. By playing merchant and essentially “selling” his daughter, Baptista can rest assured that there will be plenty of money involved in this marriage.

Screenshot 2016-04-23 at 5.07.55 PM.png

In the film, Kavya’s father, Mr.Singh, finds himself in a dilemma. Her daughter loves Humpty, who doesn’t have much to amount for financially. However, her marriage is already fixed with a man who is the perfect match in his opinion. Mr.Singh tries to immediately break Kavya and Humpty’s relationship, but seeing his daughter’s persistence he gives Humpty a chance.  

Screenshot 2016-04-23 at 5.11.42 PM.png

The conditions are simple. Humpty has to find just one reason why Kavya’s shouldn’t marry her fiance. This shows that even from the start, Kavya’s father is measuring Humpty on his brains and wit, not just his bank account. He wants to put Humpty in his shoes

“Fear not, Baptista, we will content you.”

(Act V, Scene ii, 139-140)

During this scene, Baptista finds out that Cambio is actually Lucentio. At first, he is completely outraged. He sternly asks why Lucentio married his daughter without his blessing. Vincentio comforts him, by promising that Baptista will be content with what Lucentio will be able to offer. Everyone in this time period knows that a father wants nothing more than a financially stable husband for his daughter. Vincentio understands and can promise money to Baptista, who’s now worried about this new identity reveal. After the promise, Baptista quickly forgives Lucentio for his trickery. Even though he knows nothing about Lucentio other than his finances, Baptista doesn’t mind his daughter’s marriage with him anymore and doesn’t ask any questions.

Screenshot 2016-04-23 at 5.23.32 PM.png

By the end of the film, Humpty realizes that there’s nothing wrong with Kavya’s fiance. In fact, he’s an amazing guy. However, there was no guarantee that the perfect suitor would make his daughter the happiest. He tells Mr.Singh that people weren’t created to be perfect. It is the strength and love of a relationship that helps make two people perfect. Still, Mr.Singh is not fully convinced. Kavya’s wedding with Angad proceeds.

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It took his daughter to give Mr.Singh the final push towards acceptance. She doesn’t beg, just simply speaks her heart. Humpty and Kavya love each other very much and would figure the rest out. Humpty reminds Mr.Singh of himself as a young man. Once a simple mechanic when he met his wife and now a successful businessman. Soon enough Mr.Singh realizes that Humpty is the one for his daughter. Humpty is smart, sweet, humble and everything that one could ask for in a partner. Mr.Singh happily gets his daughter married to Humpty.

The simple fact that Mr.Singh gets his daughter married to Humpty even though his financial situation does not change throughout the movie shows reinforces the idea that the 21st century dad understands that there’s more than money to happiness to a marriage. Though initially Kavya’s dad doesn’t approve, he takes the time to listen to his daughter and her feelings. Per her request, he gets to know Humpty and eventually changes his mind. It’s all about what his daughter wishes for, finds happiness in and loves. By the end of the movie, everyone is ecstatic. Kavya gets Humpty, her father’s blessing and a fun filled wedding!

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Q3 Conferences: April 27-28, 2016

It's that time of year again! Spring has sprung and Q3 conferences are upon us. Be sure to schedule with your student's Advisor.

04/27 Wed: Evening conferences 3:30-7:00pm

04/28 Thur: Half day classes / Afternoon conferences
8:15-9:05 C
9:10-10:00 D
10:05-10:55 X/Y class
11:00-11:50 E
11:55-12:45 A
12:50 lunch 
1:30pm -4:30pm conferences

Rocket Rolls 15-0 Over E&S; 8-0 on Season

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Screen Shot 2016-04-24 at 5.30.13 PM
Much like the game vs Carver E&S, this article will be quick. 

Tony Brown led off the game after working a patient Walk and scored two pitches later on Leon Finney's Double in deep Center. That would technically be enough as Lukas Supovitz-Aznar and Kevin Courtney would hold E&S hitless in a 4-inning 15-0 win. The hitless streak for opponents has now reached 13 consecutive innings, and no team has tallied more than 4 hits in a game on the season vs Rocket pitching. 

In his 2nd at-bat in the 1st, Brown hit a hard single up the middle to score two and make it 8-0. Triples by Kristian Ramos, Kevin Courtney and a Double by Kenny Carroll would factor into a 12-hits attack that simply overwhelmed E&S pitching.

Courtney, who would take the mound in relief for the first time since recovering from Tommy John surgery, would finish the day 3-3 with 4RBIs and score the 15th run by tagging up on Ben Simon's deep shot to Center. 

With the win The Rocket is 8-0 on the season and comfortably in first place. With just 4 league games left before the playoffs start in mid-May, the Rockets are poised to move up to A-Division for the 2016-17 season. Next game is a make up vs Ben Franklin on Thurs, 4/28. Come out and support The Rocket. First pitch, 315pm (29th & Chalmers). 

Rough Cut Sets Records at 10-Day Film Awards w/ 4 Films, 13 Nominations, 3 Wins, and 3 Top Ten Films

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Screen Shot 2016-04-21 at 10.30.01 PM
​Rough Cut was prolific today in their sophomore showing of the 10-Day Film Challenge Awards.

Just like last year when 5 Rough Cut films (most ever) took home some hardware, 20% of the films eligible for 2016 awards were Rough Cut originals and all were nominated for multiple awards.

When the dust settled, Rough Cut picked up 13 Nominations, and took home 3 Top Prizes for Best Screenplay "Depression. The Man"; Best Editing "Don't Question It"; Best Performances for "Les Be Friends".

3 Rough Cut Originals also placed in the Top Ten, a feat never accomplished in 10-Day Film Challenge history. 

With these wins, all four films are automatically Official Selections in the 4th Annual Rough Cut Film Festival (June 13-20) hosted by Philadelphia Film Society, University of the Arts and The Greater Philadelphia Film Office. 

Congratulations to the teams behind these amazing films. So very proud of the calibre of films they produced for this! 
Tiarra Bell, Tenzin Chemi, Felix D'Hermillon, Dylan McKeon
Nominations (2)- Best Editing, Best Film Poster Design

"Depression. The Man" (Overall 8th Place Finish)
Felix Schafrothdoty, Mark Gucciardi-Kriegh, Juliana Concepcion, Daouda Njie, Joaquin Thomas
Nominations (3)- Best Screenplay, Best Sound Editing, Best Film Poster Design
Winner (1)- Best Screenplay
Top Ten Finish- 8th Place

"Les Be Friends" (Overall 3rd Place Finish)
Indee Phillpotts, Xavier Carroll, Zoe Andersson, Cacy Thomas, Anastasia Petropoulos
Nominations (3)- Best Performances, Best Use of Dialogue, Superior Technical Merit
Winner (1)- Best Performances
Top Ten Finish- 3rd Place

"Don't Question It"- (Overall 2nd Place Finish)
Eamon Kelly, Mitchell Berven-Stotz, Javier Peraza, Tamira Bell, Sean Morris
Nominations (5)- Audience Award, Best Musical Score, Best Film Editing, Best Use of Prop and Superior Technical Merit
Winner (1)- Best Editing
Top Ten Finish- 2nd Place



  • Allergies are a bad response from our bodies to a substance

    • An external stimulant either ingested or airborne

  • Allergens are seen as foreign to our bodies and we react to them.

  • When our bodies come in contact with allergens it releases antibodies

    • A protein that attaches to some antigens.

    • Antibodies are y shaped proteins

  • When having an allergic reaction:

    • Antibody and antigen attach and travel to the mast cell in body tissue.

      • The purpose is to flush out allergen.

      • Kill chemicals that cause allergic reaction
    There are a couple different kinds that happen when we come in contact with different allergens. Theres hay fever which the most common, they are seasonal allergies. The next one is Contact dermatitis and this happens when we a chemical in a soap, lotion, detergent, or clothing makes us react and we get a rash. The last one is a food allergy which we get when we eat certain foods and they can make us sick. Sometimes when people with food allergies eat the food they are allergic to their throats can close or they can have swelling in the face or mouth. One other thing that is important is anaphylaxis, this is when we have one of the above allergies, but we react much different to that and it is more extreme then it would be if we had a regular allergy.
  • In 2010, $17.5 billion dollars were spent on health costs by people with nasal swelling they lost approximately 6 million days at work/school and made 16 million doctor visits.

  • Food allergies cost about $25 billion each year.
I have really bad allergies and I have had them for a while now, so this was something that was interesting and important to me. I also did it because it is allergy season

Here is a link to my full slide show

Gabriel ILP

My ILP has been a very educational experience because, while repetitive and sometimes a little boring, I've been exposed to the commercial side of the music industry. It's awesome when the people in charge (my hosts) are deeply into the local music scene, and being there definitely makes me feel like a part of that community. I know how to alphabetize and organize and stock away records now (no idea how I can use those skills in future jobs.) All in all, I was able to learn some important retail skills in a place that felt perfect for me, and I'm very happy with how it worked out.

MDMA The Party Drug

MDMA also known as Molly or a stronger version of  Ecstasy or even Scooby Snacks was created by Anton Kollisch who wanted to make a pill or drug that could help soldiers with PTSD and abnormal bleeding, but the strong was really too strong . It made the soldiers happier but at the same time they couldn't think right. BY the 1940’s-50’s, mixed with other chemicals and ground down into a powder that turned into a easy popping pill, or heated to be shot using a needle MDMA became a popular party drug. People who take MDMA or Molly found that they were a lot happier.  Your brain floods with at least three or more neurotransmitters like, Serotonin, Dopamine or even Norepinephrine that gave you more energy and could focus more. At the same time your senses would be heightened such as seeing and hearing clearer (hence why it’s used a lot in clubs and concerts). Some consider it as a world of psychedelic colors.When taken as a pill it takes about 15 to 20 minutes to enter your system or bloodstream and the effects begin. It last about 3-6 hours depending how it was made and the dosage. Even though there are positive effects from using Molly there’s always negatives. Impaired judgment, False sense of affection, Confusion, Depression and Anxiety, Sleep problems and insomnia, Paranoia, Muscle tension, Faintness and chills or swelling the common Nausea and if Molly is taken often it can lead to usage of other and stronger drugs.


Since MDMA is a party drug it is commonly used by high school students, college students and some adults.  Because it is so cheap ranging from $25-40, 1 out of every 10 college students have experimented with Molly and  98% of college students who had used ecstasy had also used marijuana. Sometimes MDMA is replaced with PMA which is another cheaper version to look like Molly but because each dose isn’t as strong you buy and use more making it easier to OD. People should also know the difference between Molly and Ecstasy even though they both come from the same chemical compound. Ecstasy is mixed with other drugs or chemicals like rat poison, bath salts, baking soda, LSD. Compared to Molly which is straight MDMA they both a lethal but Ecstasy could be considered cheaper. Because teenagers are still going to be partying and going out there’s been an increase of Molly consumption (especially in the US).


I did research on MDMA for my chemistry BM I wanted to share some of the information I found out. I had to do more research on what’s really happening in the brain that makes the pill works the way it does. I like parties and it’s could be warned about what’s out there and what people are really getting into. It’s something like teenagers do dabble in a lot of things during college and Molly could be one of them. We’re all going to college soon and it’s good to know what’s what.


"MDMA (Ecstasy or Molly)." NIDA for Teens. NIH...Turning Discovery Into Health, 2009. Web. 15 Apr. 2016. <http://teens.drugabuse.gov/drug-facts/mdma-ecstasy-or-molly>.

Roderick, Ryan. "18 Things About The Drug “Molly” That Might Be Important For You To Know." BuzzFeed News. BuzzFeed, Inc, 3 Sept. 2013. Web. 16 Mar. 2016. <http://www.buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/things-about-the-drug-molly-that-might-be-important-for-y#.blB5dQZaB>.

"Understanding Ecstasy, MDMA and Molly." Ecstasy Addiction and Abuse. Recovery Worldwide LLC, 1999. Web. 20 Apr. 2016. <https://www.addictioncenter.com/drugs/ecstasy/>.

Ben Simon Throws NO HITTER, Strikes Out 17 in 8-0 Win Over Roxborough; SLA 7-0 on Season

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Screen Shot 2016-04-20 at 11.54.52 PM
Benny was a beast today. 

But unlike what you see in the majors when everyone loses their mind, Ben Simon and his fellow Rockets simply lined up to shake hands after a fitting strike out ended a game without a single Indian reaching base by a hit. Simon was humble about it, and hours later still seemed less than moved by what he accomplished. But his performance today was better than anything HBO could have offered up on a Wed afternoon. Much like their perfect undefeated season, the unthinkable playoff upset of #1 Frankford, and a berth in the Final Four in 2015, this too is something Simon and this team will have forever. A bona fide NO-HITTER!

Lukas Supovitz-Aznar took a No-Hitter into the last at-bat on Opening Day in a 13-0 win over Mastbaum. Leon Finney had a 2-hitter against King in his first start in Rocket Blue, and now it was Simon's turn to shine by setting a new team record for Strike Outs in a game with seventeen. It's crazy to think that this only bested Finney by one K who had 16 in their most recent outing vs Kensington on Monday. This makes 33 Ks in the last 14 innings for Rocket Starters. In fact, no team has gotten more than four hits in a single game off SLA pitching in 2016. That, plus the bats, has been a serious recipe for disaster if you're anybody but the Rockets. 

In similar fashion to the methodical 3-0 win over Kensington on Monday, The Rocket played small ball by adding a run in each inning to build a 4-0 lead into the 6th after Kevin Courtney smashed a 300ft home run to dead center. They'd add four more in the 6th and 7th, but by that point Simon was locked in. After the 3rd, "Benny Buckets" struck out 10 of 14 batters faced, and the only contact made were two weak tappers back to the mound that Ben easily ran down to first himself. 

As far as Rocket offense went, Senior 1st Basemen Kevin Courtney was back at it, going 3-5 with the Home Run and 3RBIs. Freshman Catcher Avi Cantor also had 3 RBIs of his own, going 2-2, drawing 2 Walks and a Sac Bunt to move a runner that would score on a single by Sophomore Outfielder Tony Brown. 

It may take some cool dreams tonight for the reality to truly sink in for Simon. However, April 20, 2016 will forever be engrained in Royal Blue lore as the first Complete Game No-Hitter in Rockets Baseball history.

Congratulations Buckets, you're truly a Beast!

Next Up - The Rockets return to their home field in Mt. Airy after a perfect 4-0 road trip to take on E&S this Fri, 4/22.

Kristian Ramos Dominant; Rocket Bats Rip Apart Edison Pitching for 14-2 Win

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Screen Shot 2016-04-20 at 11.06.30 PM
Kristian Ramos was utterly dominant, striking out 13 and only giving up 1 earned run on 2 hits over 5 innings. Meanwhile, the Rocket bats were on fire from the first at bat when Shaion Denny hit a solo homer to the right center gap. Arsenio Gomez singled in the next at bat and moments later off Kristian's opposite field single. 

The mantra of the game was "Win The Inning", and the Rockets did just that. In the first it was simply responding to an early run by Edison to make it 2-1. But then the Rocket exploded for 7 in the 2nd and 5 more in the 3rd to blow it open. Those additional 12 runs included lots of extra base hits including
 a 3-run homer by Leo Cassel-Siskind, who went 2-3 with 5RBI on the day. After the 3-run blast Leo's next trip to the plate brought in two more with another rip into the gap. 

Arsenio "Pepe" Gomez was en fuego, going 4-4 with a triple and 3RBIs. Kristian Ramos did it on the other side of the ball as well, also perfect at the plate (3-3 3RBI). Alex Torres got into the action by smacking a triple into the gap in left center in the same inning as his brother, and Jaime Vaquero-Garcia ripped a double in his last at bat of the day to add to the pain. 

Honestly, Edison didn't know what hit them. The confident swagger they had taking the field after scoring just one run in the first quickly disappeared and may never return after this literal drubbing. SLA JV is in 1st place and 5-1 on the season. Next up, a showdown with natural rival Central on Thurs, 4/21. 

Adam and Eve


3.8 billion years ago, the Earth was mostly ocean. And that ocean was populated by billions of tiny archaea and bacteria. That was life. Life stayed like that for 2 billion years. These prokaryotes existed in an “energy canyon” they did not have the energy to get bigger and more complicated, and the only way they could develop the mechanisms to get bigger and more complicated, they would need energy. It’s a paradox. So for 2 billion years, nothing really changed, and there was no reason life wouldn’t continue like that for billions of more years. But one day, complicated, diverse life began to develop. The theory as to how this miracle happened is as follows. An archaean (a bigger single celled organism) and a bacterium (a smaller organism) are floating along, and they happen to bump into each other. Improbably, impossibly, the two cells merge. The bacterium, now stuck inside a bigger cell, should struggle to survive. It shouldn’t be able to eat, or live, or reproduce. The larger cell should protest, should excrete the imposter bacterium. But that didn’t happen. Very improbably, very impossibly, the bacteria, called a mitochondria, survived. The big cell fed it, allowed it to reproduce, built mechanisms to keep the growing population alive. 

You might be wondering, but where did the energy for this growth come from? What about that energy canyon. The answer is across the cell membrane of the mitochondria. They are a special type of cell that produces a large electric charge across its membrane. It’s an electric charge equivalent to a bolt of lighting. So it grew, and diversified, and made proteins and DNA and organelles, it reproduces and spread, and over the next 1.8 billion years that 2 cell merge evolved into all the complex, eukaryotic life on Earth today. 


Based on this theory, the story in the Book of Genesis of Adam and Eve, of two things coming together and creating life, doesn’t seem that far from evolutionary biology. If Genesis is, as many Christian scientists believe, a romanization of reality, then this theory of evolution might fit into the Bible. 

The other societal implication that arises from this theory is the possibility of alien life. Because of the pure improbability of how complicated life came to be, it’s statistically very unlikely that this could have happened anywhere else, no matter the vastness of the universe. However, it is not that unlikely that we could find bacteria roaming the surface of far away planets. But alas, no E.T.


Inside of myself, there are mitochondria and DNA remnant of that original merge. If you look hard enough, you can see how I am related to the origins of life. 


Abumrad, J. (Producer). (2016, April 6). Radiolab [Audio podcast]. Retrieved From http://www.radiolab.org/story/cellmates/ 

Rosen, J. (2015, October 19). Scientists may have found the earliest evidence of life on Earth. Science Magazine. doi:10.1126/science.aad4732

Brom, R. H. (2004, August 10). Adam, Eve, and Evolution. Retrieved April 19, 2016, from http://www.catholic.com/tracts/adam-eve-and-evolution  

Battle of Undefeated Leaves SLA (6-0) Alone in 1st After 3-0 Win Over Kensington

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Screen Shot 2016-04-20 at 11.16.40 PM
A true pitcher's duel unfolded in a scorcher on Monday with two undefeated teams battling for sole possession of first place in B-Division. The game only saw seven hits in total between the two teams thanks to dominant pitching from both aces. While Kensington's Matos held the Rocket's bats in check for most of the game it was Leon Finney at his most dominant to date that truly sealed the deal. 

Leon hates the cold, so this was his kind of game. He pitched very well in that freezing, windy showdown with previously undefeated Edison last week, but this was a different experience. Finney's fastball was blazing, his off-speed had good hitters looking silly and some seriously nasty movement along with excellent framing by freshmen Avi Cantor behind the plate led to 16 strikeouts on a hot one devoid of wind.

Leon would also get the first (and winning) run of the game in the 3rd when he worked a 2-out walk, stole 2nd, moved on to 3rd on a pitch in the dirt and then scored easily when a ball scooted past their catcher. Technically this was all SLA would need to win the game, but Lukas Supovitz-Aznar has other plans in the 4th when he crushed a fastball roughly 325ft deep to center over the cinder block wall to make it 2-0. He came through again in the 6th with some insurance by singling to the opposite field, plating ijustice Avery who had singled and stole into scoring position. 

The Rocket is used to scoring more than three runs in a game, but you don't need more than that when only the same number of balls actually finds a way to crawl out of the infield. In the fifth Kensington fans and players started to ask "Who's Your Daddy?" after a couple of walks and a weak single loaded the bases in a 2-0 game. When no one else reached base the rest of the way the answer was clear that Finney was theirs.

Next Up: The Rocket continues their road trip and visits Roxborough on Wed, 4/20. First Pitch 315pm

Day Light Saving

Day light saving time is occurs twice a year where you turn your clocks an hour back for the winter and turn them an hour ahead for the spring. This is supposed to allow us to conserve time and energy. Studies show that day light saving time shows an overall increase in residential electricity. Back in World War I they took advantage of day light saving time to say electricity, coal etc. Benjamin Franklin was one of the first advocates for day light saving.  

People can argue that it saves energy, some say it does some say it doesn't. It has a mixed effect on people's health, some people suffer different types of health issues because their bodies and minds have a hard time adjusting to day light saving. 

I personally like dight light saving when we gain an extra hour of sleep but I don't like when it gets dark early. 

SLA Boys Varsity Ultimate Wins Tourney!

The Science Leadership Academy won Division II of the Hip Hop on Pop Tourney in Oaks, PA on Sunday with four straight wins to take the day! The boys started their day with a 13-5 win over Barrack Hebrew Academy. The first game saw the team start slowly, winning half 7-4 before going on 6-1 run to win the game. SLA started slowly in their second game, going down 2-0 to Cardinal O'Hara before raising their level of play. Sophomore Saamir Baker led the team with some of his most inspired offensive play as a Rocket. SLA took half 7-4 in that game, and won 13-6. SLA played their most complete game in their third game, beating Strath Haven 13-2 to set up a finals match up against the host school - Perkiomen Valley.

The finals saw SLA get tested like no other game that day, with the teams trading early points. SLA struggled late in the first half against Perkiomen Valley's zone defense, and PV took half 7-5. But the Rockets saved their best for last, as the seniors stepped up to bring the Rockets back. Tri-captains Jonas Bromley, Miles Cruice-Barnett and Andrew Roberts played smart, disciplined ultimate against the tough Perkiomen Valley defense to put the Rockets on top 9-8. But PV was not done, tying the game at the time cap 9-9 to set up "Universe Point" to decide the game. 

On game point, the SLA offense clicked perfectly, and the game ended on a sophomore connection - Eli Block to Nate Little to Jori Gerveni for the win and the trophy! It was a great day of Ultimate for the Rockets, with all 11 players making key contributions toward the tournament victory. Go Rockets! 

WAG Philly ILP

My ILP is wonderful. It is a great learning experience for me. I learn about different ways of rehabilitation in post-op animals or injured animals. I learned about the history of acupuncture and the benefits of it. There is also a sense of family at my ILP because I see the patients weekly and everyone is comfortable. 

Q3 Art

I am not an art person. Seriously the last time I did anything similar to any of this, I was probably 11. So, personally, all of this is really difficult for me. Art isn't expressed mathematically, it cannot be calculated, and there is no clear answer as to what is right and what is wrong. It is also extremely difficult to personally be able to tell if what I create is worth anything or not. I guess the best thing for me was watercolors, because I made Star Trek space art, which was really exciting. 
Q3 Art

ILP #2

       For my ILP I work for timoteo flag football.  In my ILP I do a lot of online work.  I organized there different papers that they get in from the people in the football league.  Now that the football season is starting there is a lot more work for me to do.  I decided to start a snapchat for them too.  During the games I take videos of them playing and post it.  And the people get excited to see the videos.  Now that the season started I am doing my ILP not just on Wednesdays I am doing it on Saturdays and when I am free.


The actual cause of hangovers is unknown. We know that a hangover is a result from drinking too much alcohol, but why does alcohol cause hangovers? Some of the symptoms of a hangover include headache, fatigue, nausea, sweating, confusion, stomach issues. Many people believe that hangovers are a result of dehydration, given the fact that when you drink a lot of alcohol you have to pee a lot, and you're probably not drinking a lot of water. However, many studies have proven that there is no correlation between high levels of the hormones associated with dehydration and the severity of a hangover. It's likely that dehydration causes some of the symptoms of a hangover, but dehydration is not the direct cause of a hangover. 
Another theory as to where hangovers come from is that high levels of alcohol interfere with your body's natural chemical balance. In order to process high amount of alcohol, your body has to convert the enzyme NAD+ into an alternate form NADH. When you have too much NADH and not enough NAD+, your cells aren’t capable of doing a lot of things they normally do like absorbing glucose or regulating electrolyte levels. However this has also been shot down by a study that found when people are drunk they don’t necessarily have lower electrolyte or glucose levels. 
The most compelling theory so far is that hangovers result from a release of the toxic compound Acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is the first byproduct of processing alcohol, and can be 10-30x more toxic than alcohol itself. In a controlled study, Acetaldehyde has been proven to cause all of the same symptoms as a hangover.
Hangovers have also been proven to be slightly genetic. Certain people don't experience hangovers as much as others. Sometimes, this is due to race. It is common for women to experience more severe hangovers than men, but that can be explained by the fact that women generally weigh less than men. Age also plays a role in hangover severity, but that can be due to the fact that as you get older you are less likely to binge drink, or your body is becoming more and more used to alcohol.

Binge drinking almost always leads to a severe hangover, and many college students binge drink. In fact, 80% of college students say they drink on a regular basis. Many college students binge drink because they work all week then the second they get out of class, drink in huge amounts. Hangovers can make you extremely sick, and sometimes too sick to go out or work. Some things you can do to relieve a hangover are drinking water or sports drinks, eating light, and taking pain relievers. 

As someone who is going to college in a couple of months, I want to be prepared for this new lifestyle. I want to be educated on why so many college students get sick when they party, and how to help myself and my friends be safe. 


This quarter has been pretty fun! Its started off rough because this time we had two art history's. But I understand why she did it like that. My favorite piece of art would be the mosaic piece. At first I thought that we would be using pieces of glass. But when we asked Mrs. Hull, she said we were using construction paper. For my mosaic piece, I did a purple octopus, because purple is my favorite color. This project brought back memories of when I used to do mosaic pieces in elementary school. My second favorite was the water color!. I absolutely love love love to water color. But what I didn't know was that there was different ways you could water color. I only thought who ever you get the paint on there is how it's done. To know that there are names for different techniques was pretty cool. For my water color pieces I did a combination of 4 pieces split into two. I got one whole piece of paper and split it in half. Next I taped the two half pieces in another half to create four different sections. I split it up like that because I did not want to do four big pieces.

My hardest piece of art is my wire sculpture. Honestly I do NOT know how people get this stuff to bend perfectly. I tried to do the easiest thing which I thought was to do my name. Then I realized my name has 8 letters, so the back up plan was to do my middle name. Which was semi successful, I manage to do 4 out of the 6 letters. I could not get the "a" and the "e" to cooperate. SO it say "Nish" instead of "Nishae". I wish the wire was a bit thicker so it would bend how I want it to bend. I'm excited for next quarter, learning about banks, and loans and how all that good stuffs works.