Shaina-Nicole Keenan Capstone

Over the course of the past few months, I decided to interview my fellow peers and a few college students. The importance and purpose of these interviews was to highlight the subject's story and experiences. An issue most adolescents and teens struggle with is the idea of self-assurance, or confidence. I wanted to highlight this issue because it is ever present and relevant in society and within our own communities. I wanted the project to reflect my love for telling people's stories (for them) and how confidence is a concept neglected by present in our everyday lives. 
Therefore, using simple technologies I created an interview forum that was relaxed and allowed the interviewees time to consider their answers and the experiences they were willing to share. The pace for this project was slow, but rewarding. I took time to ensure the people were comfortable with what they were choosing to share. They reviewed their own work, selected their own picture, etc. 
The final product was an issue I was trying to conquer and finalize throughout the entire process of completing this project. I wanted to showcase these stories the best way I could, doing them justice and not distract away from the content. I figured the best way to do so, was a simple website with the piece on each subject and a photobook to follow to pass to SLA students to review and hopefully learn from. 


Ishmael Brown Capstone

​My capstone is a combination of a lot of things. I had many discussions leading up into a sort of "grand finale" discussion. These included sit downs with teachers, sit downs with students, and sit downs with some of the most politically inclined people that I could find in my own life. Everyday I went out and seeked to close the gap in between myself and the world of politics, while, sometimes annoyingly, educating my peers. The last discussion took the form of a presentation to all of my classmates in my block for my history class, which was mostly a success, outside of a few minor things. To give it a place to live, I gave it a website, which I got the idea to also equip with a specialized central for people, who may not be so informed, to slowly be able to catch up in their understanding, which I was very careful with putting together. The name was made up as if to be an official news outlet, and is, in part, a reincarnation of an early version of this idea of raising awareness for politics that I had. This was a very fun project, would do again. 

Annotated Bibliography
"The Decline in American Voter Turnout." November 1991. Accessed February 1, 2017.
This source is from a government official website. It analyzes statistics of voter turnout, and of group representation of the most recent congressional and presidential elections in the U.S. This source would be used to provide some statistical evidence behind statements made in the essay.
August 27 , 2008. Accessed February 1, 2017.
Published by Josiah Oben, a student from Princeton, the source is a book review of Peter Euben's book, The Tragedy of Political Theory. It covers aspects of the book like the relationship between justice and people through a philosophical lens. This will be important in describing the problems with limited democracy. It also has a potential thing to quote.
Hochschild, Jennifer L. "Race, Ethnicity, and Education Policy." March 4, 2009. Accessed February 02, 2017.
The source is written by a professor of African American studies from Harvard University. It's focus is specifically on the relationship between education and achievement levels in minority communities. This source will be used, in part, to describe the importance of education and the lack of it in African American communities.
Branson, Margaret S., and Charles N. Quigley. "The Role of Civic Education." September 1998. Accessed February 02, 2017.
This source was composed by the joint effort of the directors of Civic Education. It provides a basic foundation of what my argument is about. It will act as a reference point for the essay and a point from which to draw ideas. 
Cutler, Ian. Cynicism from Diogenes to Dilbert. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2005.
Ian Cutler reviews what cynicism is, and what factors influence it. The source paints a very clear picture of signs of developing cynicism, and gives examples as to how it can, and has manifested itself in society. This source will be used to better asses the declining association with American politics by the general public. 
Chick, Nancy . "A Scholarly Approach to Teaching." March 2011. Accessed February 03, 2017.
The source shows very effective teaching techniques and provides specific examples of things ways to run things. On the next several pages it goes through some minor teaching philosophies. This source could be used to help better pass on advice to others when coming up with solutions to improving education.

Brett, Cecil Carter. "Japan's New Education Laws." Far Eastern Survey 23, no. 11 (1954): 174-76. doi:10.2307/3024523. 
This source is of a publication referring to a changed law in Japan. In Japan, the teacher’s union had become under fire for suggestive/influential material concerning government policy and criticism of it in a classroom environment. This source will be an important tool in dealing with likely counterarguments that may occur with the effects of heightened political education in schools. It does an especially well job of showing what happened in a real life scenario, and provides good insight into how to avoid them as well. 

"Education Law." Accessed February 03, 2017.
This source will be used to show the rights to American education and the recommended standards of education.

Ali Driggers Capstone

    My capstone is a collection of stories that I have created. There are many types of stories in here, a lot of them are very action packed. Some of them don’t have those action themes though. These are stories that I have written both recently and in the past. The process for writing these stories was very deep. I would think for a very long time about the perfect characters and the perfect stories to write. I would sit down brainstorming, and then I would try to come up with something entertaining. After coming up with the story, I would look it over, and then I’d get it peer edited. When it came to my old stories, I had to do some really careful thinking when it came to which old ones I would add to the collecting. This capstone made me a better writer, and taught me how to really make my stories better crafted. So I made sure that I put my all into every story, and made sure that my collection would be one of value. And the final product is the story being posted on an online website.

Excerpt from one of the stories

    Today is the day that I fight a man known as The Destroyer. He is known to break bones and spill blood. I think he’s pussy even though he seems tough. I want to beat the shit out of this little fucker. When I arrive to the parking lot in that Range Rover, there is a crowd in a circle. The Destroyer is there ready to fight. I walk over to him, and give him the death stare.

     “I will crush you and eat you for breakfast. Do you know who you're facing?”, said The Destroyer.

     “I see a wet pussy waiting to get fucked”, is what I said back to him. The crowed cheered. That’s when he punched me.

      “How about now? Am I still a pussy?”, said The Destroyer. Someone in the crowd throws a steel pipe into the circle. I pick it up and start hitting him in the head as hard as I can. His face is super bloody. I then pick him to the ground, and stomp on his throat. He starts spraying blood out of his mouth like a goddamn water hose. I drag this little cocksucker to the wall, and bash his fucking brains in. After that, I hear a ton of cheers. I won the fight, and my name was being chanted. I smile, and then I go backstage. It is a hall where people are celebrating. They are drinking, smoking weed and popping pills, and some of them are getting blowjobs. This is the environment I’m around since I hang around the savages. But, I gave up drugs for my kid. I used to do all sorts of drugs, and I cheated on my wife constantly, but my son changed that. So when some woman offers to smash, I ask her to go fuck one of my friends instead. I decide to drink a beer, but only one beer. Venbro, one of my close friends, decided to come over. He’s dressed like a pimp.

      “Hey Broko, you was really whoopin ass out there bro!”, is what he said after taking a hit of his blunt

      “Yeah, I put it all out there. There pussies ain’t got shit on me.”, is what I said.

      “They don’t, but do you ever think it will be time to retire?”, is what Broko asked. That question took me back a little.

        “What the fuck do you ask? I love this shit bro!”, is what I said

        “Yeah, but does your son know what you do? Does he know you hang around criminals and drugs users, and does he know that you could die any moment in this job?”, is what Broko said to me. He did have a point. My son does not know about the shit I do daily, or how I have all this money. He doesn't know that I’ve killed people, that my friends are psychopaths.

        “I want him to be able to look up to his dad. I don’t want his teachers to look at me in disgust, but I love fighting. I just love to throw hands”. We continued to discuss this, and I am considering retirement soon.


Popova, Maria. "The Psychology of What Makes a Great Story." Brain Pickings. N.p., 06 June 2016. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

    This source is reliable due to the insight it gives on storytelling. It gives a bunch of detail about what it takes to make a good story. I really feel that it can help me with story telling, because I’m not doing something that requires actual research, but advice on how to write is very good. The give some keys to writing good stories. It takes advice from actual authors, and it puts them in the article. It is very legitimate for what it’s purpose is, and that is how to write a story and make it good. I think that this source will increase the quality of my stories.

"What makes a good story?" American Press Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

   This one is about journalism, and not fiction. I thought that it would be useless at first, but then I saw things that could potentially help me. It has a section about interesting topics. They describe the value of topics, which is very good for me. Interesting topics are needed for a good piece of fiction, so it still has things that I can learn about. Journalists still have to write interesting things, even though they may be nonfiction. They still have to catch the reader’s interest and put out quality material. This source can also help me for if I want to right a realistic story, so this will heavily aid me.

Jerz. "Short Story Tips: 10 Ways to Improve Your Creative Writing." Jerzs Literacy Weblog. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2017. <>.

     I love how this one has strong writing strategies. It gives advice that a writer should use, like how it tells you to keep a notebook. You can tell that it is legitimate because of the edu at the end. It is very professional, and it gives knowledge to the writer. I can use them to help create stronger characters. It gives 9 story elements to consider so that you can have a good plot. It is very descriptive and helpful, and it has so much knowledge from a writer’s standpoint. It also has 9 entire sections full of advice for how to write.

"What is Plot - How to Write a Story from Beginning to End." Creative Writing Courses and Ideas: An Online Resource for Writers. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

     This may not be as reliable as the ones with edu, but it still has some jewels. It talks about cliches to avoid and how to be interesting. It’s clear that this author has experience with what he is doing, as he tries to really break everything down. He gets into what a plot specifically is an how to make one, which is very helpful. The concept of conflict is touched upon, which is something that all good stories need. To have that touches upon will help me come up with juicy situations for the stories. I never knew that happiness can be overrated for stories, and this source taught me that. That’s why it will be useful.

Kitley, Brian. "Fiction and creative writing exercises by Brian Kiteley, how to write fiction, finding fiction." N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

       This website is made by an educated professional who knows what she is doing, and she has came up with some exercises that can really help me put out a good product. They do things that are known to be good. She lays it all put, and really puts out some good exercises about what you can do to make a good story. This will give me some really good help that will really make the project go so much better. I can really use this so that my stories actually have a nice natural improvement to them, and a great quality.

"Character Development." N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.


  It has a really nice section about how to create characters, as many other sources do. You can never get enough advice when it comes to that. This is for how to right a play, but many of the same rules probably apply for short stories as well. Many plays and movies are based off of novels, so I really think having that voice will be very helpful for me to make a great product. They also talk about ways to let the audience know how a character is. The section is called Direct vs Indirect characterization, which was very insightful.

Bradbury, Ray. Zen in the art of writing. Santa Barbara, CA: Joshua Odell Editions, 1990. Print.

This is a book about being a writer and it gives advice about writing and what specifically inspires this particular. I like how the author describes his favorite authors, and talked about the fact that writing made both them, and himself, happy. This author seems to have quite a lot of knowledge to give about the topic of writing. He also described how real life events and emotions can really help out the process of making a story. I like how he advises to come up with a character similar to one’s self. The advice and jewels in the book are fascinating, and I think that they would be very helpful.

Lamott, Anne. Bird by bird: some instructions on writing and life. New York: Anchor , 1995. Print.

    This is a very popular book from a very famous author. This book will let me know what it really is like to be an author. Not only that, they talk about first drafts and their importance, and that is good for me as an author. I want to make my stories perfect, and knowing how to make a first draft and improve it is very important for me to understand as a a writer. They also have a whole section about letting somebody read that draft. I like the advice that is in this book, and I think it can help me grow as a writer.

Strunk, William, and E. B. White. The elements of style. New York: Macmillan, 1979. Print.

    This book has quite a lot of advice for a writer. This book talks about how to use language and make sentences. It is very specific and really focuses on wanting one to make very good sentences. I recognize that as a writer, I need good sentence structure and dialogue. This is why I feel that this will be a very helpful source for me. They give advice such as not splitting sentences into 2. I feel that this book will be very helpful to me when I write my storybook collection. Because of the multiple sections and the detail and information given, I think that this would be a wonderful source.

Zinsser, William. On writing well: an informal guide to writing nonfiction. New York: Harper and Row, 1980. Print.

  This is a very popular book about being a writer and an author, and it is very long. By looking at the titles of the chapters, you can tell hat you are in for a lot of knowledge. It talks about how even though a lot of story is very driven by the author’s emotions, the author still has to sit down and reflect on how to make a good piece of literature. There is a lot that goes into writing, and the book tries to show that. There is also advice in the book on how simple you should keep the story and sentences, which will also be helpful. This source will most likely enhance my writing skills.

Daouda Njie Capstone- Environmental Awareness

For the past 4 years that I have been at SLA and since its establishment not once have we ever considered recycling originally my capstone was to bring recycling to SLA but due to circumstances this goal of mine could not be accomplished. Reorienting myself towards a new goal I realized that the most important task is to inform others of their duty to recognize where they throw their trash, and to be mindful of their ecological footprint. I found this especially important during this time where our most important figures in government do not believe in climate change. 
         With this in mind I set out to organize a three day event in which I would meet with the students of the environmental ourse and inform them different techniques to help conserve energy and ensure all trash they use can be reused further, and not tossed into a landfill. Furthermore during this time we constructed informational brochures which were to be passed out during the march for science on Earth Day, and collecting recycling on the campus of SLA. These activities were both designed to make people recognize see one just how one small school can greatly contribute to the tons of carbon emissions and other harmful chemicals given off during the bringing of trash. But also to again get them to change their lifestyles to please the Earth. 
         During this entire process I greatly improved on organizing larger events. I also strengthened my ability to collaborate with classrooms to create pieces of valuable information available to the public, and present multiple presentations to others. With my project I also felt the most active I have ever been among the local community when taking part in the March for Science and talking to others about taking care of the Earth. 

Link to biblio:

Link to overall process and images: 

Thinking About The Future

Thinking about the Future

With my first blog post I talked about how the world will look like Earth from the Disney movie, WALL-E. The reason I related the future of Earth to WALL-E’s world is because in WALL-E the world is a trash planet covered in trash. There is buildings made of trash, now our Earth right now doesn’t have buildings of trash, but we do have large heaps and streets filled with trash. So how will it be in the future? Look at my old Blog Post here.

This whole project is about raising awareness about littering. I’m not just trying to make the world more beautiful, I’m trying to show people the effects this can cause and will cause. It's so much more than just dropping a piece of trash in the street. It causes so much harm to this planet to where we will soon have to leave Earth and go to a whole new planet, and leave this planet to be a wasteland. It's shameful for humans to not care. Makes some people ashamed to be humans. It makes me scared for my descendants. I am a person who is very fond of family. The cheatley family always must go on, for me at least. The fact that they will grow up on different planets because the one that birthed us, we destroyed. This is just my opinion though, back on the actual topic.

  People who litter litter because people don't see it as a bad thing, they see it as just a normal act, but they don't see it as harming the planet. As seen in the graph below, you can see that the majority of people would do nothing if they saw someone litter. I think the reasoning is because people just don't want to intrude on people's lives, but for me personally, I would pick up litter if I see someone litter. My mother just always raised me in those ways.  

 I found out a lot about the ninth grade and what they think about littering. Most of the students do think that littering is a bad thing seen in this HistogramScreenshot 2017-05-18 at 9.29.29 PM.png

Also how most people will pick up litter if it is on their property more than if they caused it. That really made me wonder because you’ll pick up others litter but not your own? I was confused. If you would like to see all of the answers on my google form, you can see it right here. When I did dove into others research on littering I came by very interesting websites and topics about littering. If go to this website, you’ll see nine facts of what littering actually does to the world and what humans who care about the world have to do to make the world a tiny bit more pretty from what other humans do. There is another link I have here that is mentioned in the other link. It is about keeping the state of Tennessee clean, but provides great questions and answers. This is probably the best link I’ve seen so far. This provides so much information and really goes in depth with how bad littering is. I really do enjoy how much they work they put into their powerpoint.

Check out my Bibliography here. And just saying, if you want to check out the hyperlinks tap the word with two fingers then open in new tab.

Zeshawn Rahman Capstone

This capstone focused on the creation of the Rough Cut ILP. The Rough Cut ILP is a dedicated class during ILP hours. It was held every Wednesday of the school year from 1:30 - 3:30 PM. Students have had the opportunity to learn skills independently, but there has largely been no class, or environment for these students to expand knowledge in unison. Thus, the ILP was born; a group of students looking to further their knowledge in new, obscure or otherwise interesting techniques in photography, and video. The overall scope of the ILP class shifted from video editing to video production, and a more professional workflow. Students were taught the benefits of prime lenses, professional cameras, and color profiles. With the unique opportunity to film and speak with Madeleine Albright and Steven Hadley at the Franklin Institute, students expressed desire to learn professional Multi-Camera filming and editing. The next classes held a live demonstration of filming with three cameras, reviewing the footage, and using the free DaVinci Resolve editing suite to process and export the footage. Considering the lack of film photography instruction, and resources nationwide, it became necessary to introduce the students to the photography one may call a lost art. Students learned to shoot on film, and noted it's creative effect on their photography. After shooting, the class shifted to developing and scanning their film, in which both the sciences, engineering, media production, and visual arts were combined in a month of instruction.

The two videos below show both a lesson in film development, as well as the students’ results after scanning their film.


Zeshawn Rahman

Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1985.

* This source will be used to further an understanding of teaching in a more professional level going toward the future. It was recommended by Mr. Herman, who commented that it shaped his understanding and views on teaching. Though Freire analyzes teaching through a lens which focuses on 'oppression' and the need for an individual to be 'liberated', this can be easily adapted to teaching. When critical awareness and thinking are brought out via teaching, the students are, in effect, liberated. He brings up 'Problem-Solving' education as a method to combat this oppression, in which the teacher and student begin a dialogue, and learn from each other. Simple techniques from this text are beneficial; students focus more, have increased levels of motivation and happiness when they are accompanied by the teacher in various activities.

"Lectures Aren't Just Boring, They're Ineffective, Too, Study Finds." Science | AAAS. January 12, 2016. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* As with 'The Pedagogy of The Oppressed', this source outlines why teaching with a firm hand, and mainly lecture-based is proven to fail. Although Freire embraces the problem-solving method of education, in a technical and often detailed workflow such as filmmaking, often times definitions and such are required. As this basis is often taught at the beginning of such courses via lecture-based format, it is evident that many students forget, or are unable to recall even the simplest terms and nomenclature after being in the program for three or more years. As a teacher for a course in which students are already enrolled in their respective media-coursework, many are already fluent in these terms. Adding review material toward the end and beginning of lessons in an engaging format will cement this knowledge in students.

Lehmann, Chris, and Zac Chase. Building School 2.0: How to Create the Schools We Need. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 2015.

* Building School: 2.0 will be essential to leading a course in which many are accustomed to the lesson plans and general teaching direction as outlined by Mr. Lehmann. Even though SLA is a school that follows this form, some details may be hard to understand. For a teacher to fully deliver lesson in accordance at SLA, it seems imperative to read Building School 2.0. In essence, a class for an ILP would be an environment as it's own school, where the sole teacher is in control. With a combination of Freire's teachings and Lehmann's book, experience gained would not only be refined but applicable to modern environment.

"Multi-camera Editing Workflow." Create and Edit a Multi-camera Sequence in Premiere Pro. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* This source by Adobe will be critical in upcoming lessons which are focused on multi-camera editing workflow. As this is the official method of editing recommended by Adobe, students learning will be greatly benefited early on. When moving on to senior year, CTE students will be Adobe certified, and required to have a working knowledge of all functions in Premiere.  Reviewing this source, it's easy to follow, especially for students who are learning it for the first time. A lesson set will be based on editing footage that was recorded during Educon.

"Prime Vs. Zoom Lenses » Expert Photography." Expert Photography. October 17, 2016. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* A critical workflow that students will be introduced to as they progress further is the almost religious usage of prime lenses. Prime lenses are lenses that are fixed focal length, and 'do not zoom'. Examples of prime lenses are the 35, 50, and 85mm focal lengths. Benefits of prime lenses are that they usually offer very fast apertures, often exceeding f/2.0, with some 'super primes' even reaching the impeccable f/1.0 aperture. The benefits of fast (large max. Aperture) lenses are their ability to lower the sensitivity required by a camera. For example, in a dimly lit classroom, average exposure would read 1/30 second, f/3.5, at an ISO of 800. If a prime lens was used with aperture of 1.4, the equivalent exposure would read 1/30 second, f/1.4 at ISO 125. This would allow the photographer to have clear image quality, with almost no 'noise', that would be very evident in the ISO 800 shot.

Richardson, Will. From Master Teacher to Master Learner. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press, 2015.

* This source is yet another on the fundamentals of teaching, and process to become an influential teacher. In Chapter 2, Richardson states "Students should "productive learners", learners who have their passion, their own purpose.", which resonates with the concepts of the ILP and the Capstone project. From personal research and experience, one can find himself in a position to teach, yet this was formed through a passion, and desire of giving back to those who have taught him. Richardson's method of teaching is critical in evaluating this relationship between teaching and learning as the fundamental basis for a cycle of learning.

TEDxTalks. "Learning Styles & the Importance of Critical Self-reflection | Tesia Marshik | TEDxUWLaCrosse." YouTube. April 02, 2015. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* Though many agree that learning styles are a concept that lead to students learning differently, and lessons have to cater to various students' learning styles, it is not truly required. This source is critical in dismissing the myth of 'Learning Styles' and unify toward a universal teaching method: an inquiry based, teacher-student relationship. As a student, learning styles have often been discussed, with largely no benefits. However,  in an attempt to cater to all, maintaining interest while simultaneously teaching and assessing performance is difficult, if not impossible to accomplish without inquiry based learning and teaching, in which both parties are involved. Personal goals of teaching are to combine Freire, Richardson & Marshik to create vivid, engaging lesson plans, and this source cements one section of teaching.

TEDxTalks. "What Do Top Students Do Differently? | Douglas Barton | TEDxYouth@Tallinn." YouTube. March 26, 2015. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* This source will be presented in the form of a presentation during the first ILP of the third quarter. Though this is may not be directly related to media, it will serve as a primer for the further lessons which are more technically based, with occasional tests and grade-based system. Furthermore, as students progress to higher education, and are removed from the ILP program in senior year, there will be more test-based and standardized workflow. As an ending portion of every lesson, a quiz or similar format of review (5 minutes timing) will be delivered in a subject matter of what the class wants to learn.

"Try Basic Editing Techniques in Premiere Pro | Adobe Premiere Pro CC Tutorials." Try Basic Editing Techniques in Premiere Pro | Adobe Premiere Pro CC Tutorials. Accessed February 02, 2017.

* Although a teacher has to be advanced in the subject before they are capable to teach, there are often small errors one will make. In the position of a teacher, if  this mistake isn't caught, students may follow unknowingly, leading to a larger issue. This source will be simplified, and printed out to give to all students as a refresher and guide as the lesson is in progress. Also, this is the certified Adobe method of editing using their program, and is industry standard. The significance is that students taught via the Adobe method will have an easier experience testing for the Adobe certification, rather than following along a roughly structured lesson.

Richardson, Will, and Bruce Dixon. "10 Principles For Schools Of Modern Learning." Modern Learners. 2017. Accessed February 2, 2017. Learners 10 Principles for Schools of Modern Learning whitepaper.pdf.

*  While the Pedagogy of The Oppressed is from the 1970's, and even Richardson's own book is from 2015, it's hard to find source material that is applicable in the present area. Of course, the terms and practices are everlasting in general application, however this is an article that was released just this month. With the new administration in power, this article provides valuable insight that "an “education” is what we create for ourselves rather than something someone else creates and delivers to us.", and the educational shift is " And let us be clear: it is the modern learner’s newfound capability to take full control of his or her learning that is THE educational shift of our times." A modern interpretation of Friere, this is a teaching method that will be applied in the ILP class. As it is an individual learning plan, students will experiment and learn various techniques themselves, through experimentation and self-direction, thus taking control of their learning and creating an education for themselves.

Leon Finney-Bond capstone

Philadelphia's class divide is very noticeable. Its neighborhoods range from single home mansions, to townhouses, to some of the country's most dangerous communities. This capstone focuses on the life history behind the people living in these areas, their stories. People from these different communities have very different experiences and opinions of Philadelphia. Some think that the politicians are not doing enough to help strengthen the relationships between the police and the communities they serve. While others don’t believe that there is a problem at all.

Data collection involved a survey delivered in person. In an attempt  to assert some control of the survey the same 10 questions were asked by the same surveyor. The questions were asked at the same time of day on the same day of the week over a 5 week period.

The survey was created by giving the respondent yes or no questions. The result were compiled by taking the result of each neighborhood and tabulting the most recurring answers to give a percentage. For example: did you participate in the last presidential election? If No do you think that you vote counts?

What some of the result show is that people from the most dangerous communities are not voting because they don’t think that their vote counts or that it will make a difference. While people from wealthy neighborhoods believe in voting and that the system fair and just.

I interview someone named john, John was from north philadelphia and was downtown because of an internship at the comcast center as a salesman. He is 23 years old and he does not like catching the broad street line every morning to work and said he wishes there was a better way to get there  it seemed to me he didn’t like his job or the way he’s living right know.

Later I interviewed a young lady named Sarah, she worked downtown also as a government official and she takes regional rail every morning. Regional Rail in mostly a quiet train above ground for what it might seem like only privileged people take  because it takes 6 dollars way . Sarah is 25.

I had a lot of stories like these where you saw the different types of lives people live , you would be very surprised. One thing I would get from this project is that nobody's life is the same there is a million different people out there with a million different stories to be heard.

Litter Search and Solutions

#English 9

#You and the World

In my previous blog post, I looked at how over the past five years, Taney and Bainbridge streets have gone from beautiful and healthy to litter filled and unclean. Why is this? The construction of CHOP towers and new neighbors who don’t seem to care about the neighborhood are the cause. There are multiple organizations that clean up the streets like the Philadelphia Streets Department’s garbage trucks and the Litter Cabinet. These would be helpful clean up plans, but the garbage trucks only pick up people’s trash on Monday and only take the trash in the garbage cans and I have never heard of or seen the Litter Cabinet in my neighborhood. Though there is an organization that is currently in full swing and is effective at picking up litter, called Not in Philly. Not in Philly is a non-profit organization about cleaning various neighborhoods in Philadelphia. It started in Walnut Hill and Spruce Hill but has spread throughout the city over the years. You can sign up on to join the organization and clean your own neighborhood with Not In Philly.

On May 6th, I went outside, equipped with a notebook and a camera to make observations on what I saw on Bainbridge and Taney streets. As I walked around, I expected to find the people who were littering so I could write it down for my observations. To my disappointment, I found no one doing such, I was out alone. Fortunately (or unfortunately), I found a lot of leftover trash on the curb and the sidewalk. I found objects such as discarded children’s clay under a family car, plastic bags of dog waste, and used batteries, old newspapers, and cigarettes, both recently discarded and ones that had been there a long time. From my research I have come to the conclusion that Bainbridge street is much dirtier than Taney street. Again, this is because Bainbridge is where the majority of the new neighbors live and at the end of the street is the construction site for the new CHOP towers.

I did help to pick up the litter.  I was not just making observations.  Most of this litter can go in regular trash bins or in recycling bins.  However, the batteries presented a problem: what does a person do with old, slightly crushed batteries? I have heard off different programs that take in used batteries and recycle them. One of these programs is at the University of Pennsylvania upenn battery-recycling. Also, there is a used battery drop box at the information desk in Houston Hall.  Another program is from the ¨E-cycling¨. The website says the city has events for collecting ¨...household hazardous waste (HHW)...¨.  This includes electronics (old TVs, computers, etc.), paints, household cleaners, and batteries.  You can find a detailed list of what can and can’t be recycled here. So the next time I see a used battery lying on the streets or on the sidewalk I know I can drop it off at Houston Hall to help the environment and my community. As a way of helping my community I am planning to sign up with ¨Not In Philly¨ and help my neighbors recycle used batteries.

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Damaged battery on Bainbridge St.

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Old Play Dough under a car.

20170506_133340.jpgOld newspapers between door steps and flower pot.

Jamilah Woodards' Capstone

As seniors eager to walk across the stage in June at graduation, we often look at Capstones as another mandatory project that we need in order to get there. For what I look at as the most important project of my senior year, I wanted to be able to put forth a product that would be beneficial for my personal growth as well as the potential growth of my peers.

Initially, I did not know what exactly I wanted my final product to be, but I knew that i wanted my target group to be young females in high school. After pondering I came up with a concept of helping build self-esteem and unity among the girls in your community. Growing up I was bullied by some of the girls that I was surrounded by, but me being young and naive, I confused it with it being apart of the process of becoming cool. Coming into SLA allowed me to find genuine girls that cared, loved, and supported one another. My capstone was targeting the underclassman and attempting to get them to take part in like behaviors for the greater good of their community. Along with having special lunch dates with 9th and 10th grade students where we created a safe and non- judgemental space to talk freely to one another, I also put on a Ladies Who Lunch event where myself and about 15 other girls got together, enjoyed sweet treats, and got in tune with our inner selves to build each other up. My final product is a video documentation of my event followed by a Girl's Guide To Surviving High School. Although graduation is rapidly approaching, I was able to take away lessons from my events and hope to implement them into my college life.


Jamira Terrell Capstone


Jamira Terrell


03 February 2017

Annotated Bibliography

Volleytastic. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

I selected this source because I think it is important for people to know the history of volleyball. I think that this is important so that people will know why the sport is so popular. This website also provides informational timeline on the growth of volleyball and how it spread to different countries. Knowing the history of a sport can help curious players the risks of the sport, the difficulty level, and who/what originated the complexity of the sport.

Volleytastic. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

This source is essential to my project because it provides information on injuries and different ways to prevent them. The reason I have multiple sources on injury prevention is because it I think that is important for beginners to know and fully understand the risks that they are posing to there bodies and also what to know if said risks occur. It is important for every athlete, not just volleyball players, to learn how to take care of their body both during and after a sport. Stretching, icing, massaging, etc. are just a few ways to keep one’s body in good condition and this site explains other ways as well.

"Differences Between Indoor and Outdoor Volleyballs." Real Volleyball. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

I found this source useful because I do not think that most people know the difference between indoor and outdoor volleyball. Also, a lot of people who play volleyball play both indoor and outdoor. It is important to know the difference between the two because although one may know how to play indoor, they may not know how to play outdoor. The rules and regulations for both differ from each other in both major and minor ways. Because of the difference in rules, it may prevent some from playing. Also, outdoor (beach) volleyball is generally more difficult to play than indoor volleyball.

Hebert, Mike. Thinking volleyball. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2014. Print.

There are many people whose first thought is that volleyball is so easy and that there isn’t much to it, which is why I found this book to be very useful. It breaks down the mental capacity and strength needed to play volleyball. This source is essential because most people do not understand that there is more to the game of volleyball than just serving, passing, and hitting. The game requires mental determination and the ability to understand multiple plays, defensive skills, offensive skills, etc. Without this understanding of the mental aspect of the game, some people may find it harder than others to excel in this sport.

"How to Play Volleyball | Learning Skills and Rules." Volleyball Advisors. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

This source provides information on the “how to” basics of volleyball. The article goes into detail about the game as whole but more specifically the physical and mental aspect of playing the game. This source, although too detailed for exactly what I need, I can still use the basic information in order to construct step by step rules on the game. Instead of completely dismissing the additional information given within the article, I can use it to provide and even more detailed and advanced explanation.

Kenny, Bonnie, and Cindy Gregory. Volleyball: steps to success. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2006. Print.

I selected this book because I think it helps beginners understand the major steps in order to be successful while playing volleyball. Although, this source is so detailed to the point where it can also teach people that have been playing volleyball for a very long time. This source is not just geared towards beginners but it will help be in laying out the basic steps to success for those who do not know anything about volleyball. This source is extremely informative and also describes how one can better specific skills used in volleyball. With this source I can inform people of the steps that they need to take and the drills that they can do in order to become a better player.

"Preventing Volleyball Injuries." Volleyball Injuries | Volleyball Injury Prevention & Treatment. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

Initially, I did not think that this website would help with my capstone project because I figured that it would be basic information on common volleyball injuries. I was in fact proven wrong when I reviewed the source because it provided in extreme detail multiple injuries caused by playing volleyball and also gave the types of injury prevention exercises specific to each injury. This source is beneficial to me because it is a major section in the Volleyball Guide 101 book that I am making and the information provided within this article will fit perfectly in the book.

"Safety Tips: Volleyball." KidsHealth. The Nemours Foundation, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

I selected this source because it provided information about safety tips of volleyball and the accessories needed to remain safe while playing the game. Although, this source does not go into in depth detail, it still allows me to use the information for my project so that I can information students on the required and optional materials used for the sport. Some of the materials are used to better one’s performance and others may be used for personal preference. I will specifically use this source for the information that I present in my “how to” book for my final project.

"Volleyball Shoes – The Right Pair Makes A World of Difference." Volleyball Shoes Make All The Difference. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

Although short in content, I find this sourced to be very useful. Most people who are beginners to the sport do not understand how essential it is to have the right footwear while playing. Regular tennis shoes are acceptable, but for better performance, specific court shoes should be worn. Court shoes generally have a rubber sole so that individuals can move quickly and also stop abruptly without slipping and sliding on the court. Also, the website provides details on how to determine when to get new court shoes and the reason behind taking care of said athletic wear.

"Volleyball Training 101 - A Program For Successful Players!" N.p., 09 Apr. 2015. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

At first, I was not going to add information to my capstone about pre-season and off- season workouts, but after reviewing this source, I feel like this is a necessary element to add. The reason this source is so important is because in order to play not just volleyball but any sport, one needs to be in good physical condition and healthy both during and after the season. Working out before the season enhances the ability of better performance and strength during season and off season workouts maintains the balance of health with the abrupt halt of activity.

Joaquin Thomas Capstone

For my Capstone I decided to go out to a middle school near SLA to help with tutoring kids in math. The main purpose behind doing this was to help struggling kids bump their grades up and to help them be prepared for the PSSAs. In the very beginning I was clueless as to what I was going to work on but, then my mentor, Jonathan Tyler, helped to guide me to something I was interested in. He did so by noting my interest in math along with my daily tutoring of my little brother. Every Wednesday I went down to the middles school, Robert Morris, to teach 7th graders. In the beginning it was difficult to find ways to reach the students but, after receiving assistance from my mentor and the principal of the school I was able to improve on my teaching skills and I began to make real progress with the kids. I learned a lot with how to be patient with students along with understanding that every student needs their own special attention. I also learned of the importance of teaching kids in need.

Capstone Bibliography

Source #1: One of my out of school mentors, Mr. Kay, Elder. Mr. Kay’s Dad.

When we were first talking about the development of this project a lot of the conversation was about him telling me what to do which I had a problem with. I didn’t like that very much because I like being worked with to develop my own ideas in some way. Also in an interesting way he taught me an interesting lesson about teaching just from making a mistake. Then I expressed my distress with him and once we set a mutual line of respect for the both of us our meetings went a lot smoother from then on. So I chose this source for inadvertently teaching me a lesson and the good affects positive change brought to our relationship.

Source #2: My second source was, Mr. Jonathan Tyler. A grandfather to an alumni at SLA.

Mr. Tyler came off very harsh from the first moment we started conversation in what seemed to be an aggressive attempt to making me submit to his orders. The way he approached setting up an atmosphere with me was very unsettling and it didn’t make me very comfortable with having him help me. However some of his stern talking was very helpful in some situations because of the fact that it allowed me to focus a lot on my work when I would normal be distracted. At the same time I wasn’t that inspired to do my best because I felt under pressure a lot of the time. I felt persecuted instead of sympathised with sometimes.

Source #3: My third source was my mom, Marielle Thomas.

I chose my Mom as one of my sources because of the fact that she is used to teaching kids from all ages. She’s taught kids in Pre-K and she once worked in High Schools in philly. While talking to her she helped me understand the importance of setting up an initial atmosphere with your tutee because it can be a deciding factor in whether or not the student learns, then falls off, or learns, and continues to grow and flourish. Along with that she talked about understanding that every student is different and you need to focus on different areas for each.

Source #4: My fourth source was, Ms. Burrell, a teacher at Robert Morris middle school.

I chose this source because she was the head teacher of the school that I was going to be doing the tutoring at. She helped me with understanding how to keep students calm especially when there is more than one of them you are helping at once. Also the fact that when one student doesn’t understand and gets frustrated it’s more likely for more of them to get frustrated easier even if they would’ve understood originally. Along with asserting myself without making them feel disrespected. So far this has helped with having them open up better to what they don’t personally understand.

Source #5: " Tutor Training." General Tips & Techniques | Chandler-Gilbert Community College. Chandler Gilbert Community College, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

This source was very useful from the start solely because of the fact that it was written in a list format. This helped me really understand the content being provided to me. It talked about setting up a layer of respect about everything.

Source #6: "Benefits of Tutoring." Benefits of Tutoring. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

In my first blog post I talked about what internet addiction was and how it can affect your life. I also talked about a few reasons why people are addicted to the internet. One thing I never talked about is carpal tunnel syndrome. Carpal tunnel syndrome is something that only affects the hand and fingers and rarely anywhere on your arm. Carpal tunnel syndrome is when you feel pain, numbness, or tingling in your fingers or hand. Not gonna lie, I have had a bunch of carpal tunnel syndromes in my life at night and its short ones and only in one finger. I wanted to talk about carpal tunnel syndrome as one or two people who responded to my survey said they had no clue what it was when I checked the responses. I sort of blame myself as I left a little explanation at the top but forgot to add that it was at the top on the question. Carpal tunnel syndrome happens when there's pressure on the median nerve in your wrist. The median nerve to simplify it is the nerves in your entire arm and hand. Want a more scientific term for it follow this link. I should mention that carpal tunnel syndrome is one thing you can get from an internet addiction and that’s why I am talking about it.

Image result for carpal tunnel syndromeImage found at: CTS

The survey I did involved the internet use of my fellow freshmen. A majority of them turn their electronics between 10pm - 12am. More than half of them lose track of time once in awhile due to their electronics.  3/4th of them charge their phones between 10 - 20%. Almost all of them use their electronics for entertainment. More than half either leave their electronics somewhere in their rooms or next to their bed. I really don’t know what I want to do for my agent of change for blog post 3 as it’s a hard topic to think of. I even asked my “neighbor” Lou as she helped out a few of my classmates with theirs and even she couldn’t think of one. If anyone can think of something I could do for my agent of change send me an email at for your suggestion.

Cameron Samodai Capstone

In 2011, my dad and his friends built a race car for the 24 Hours of Lemons, an endurance race for cars worth $500 or less. Gradually, I became more and more involved as the car became more modified. An engine is basically an air pump, and anything effective one might do to make an engine more powerful will simply make the engine flow more air. However, a key component of engine performance that is neglected when improving airflow making sure that the right ratio of fuel to air is ignited in the combustion chamber. With our original fuel injection system, maintaining this ratio (actually a bit “richer” or more fuel-heavy than stoichiometric) was impossible. In an attempt to rectify this, we first purchased a “black box” for the ECU that claimed to resolve our issues. It was better, but still not very good. I took it upon myself to research the ins and outs of tuning the 1980s-era (even outdated for its time) fuel injection system using an EPROM emulator, leading myself down a path involving a collaboration with an electrical engineer in Bulgaria, a rejection email from a massive German company, and most importantly, improved power and fuel economy for the race car.

The car, after a successful 2nd place finish out of 114 cars at New Jersey Motorsports Park.
The lovely response I got upon asking under which engine conditions a certain sensor operates.
I'm worth 5% more power! And 9% more range on a tank of gas!

Jaiye Omowamide Capstone

​Towards the end of my junior year, I was blessed with the opportunity to travel to Havana, Cuba for an interdisciplinary trip. Beyond excited, I had already decided that my capstone would revolve around this trip. It was required by our chaperones (Senorita Manuel, Ms.Jonas and Ms. Sessa) that we have some sort of project or theme that we would learn about during our time in Havana. I immediately decided that I revolve mine around the people of Cuba. Because of the embargo enacted by the U.S, Cuba has been very closed of to U.S citizens. We only know of Cuba for communism and cigars which isn't fair; what about the people! Being a big fan of "Humans of New York", I thought it would be good to translate that concept over to Cuba, thus me creating "Humanos de Cuba"! Cuba shouldn't be recognized of of stereotypes, but of it's people and culture. So for 9 days in Havana, I interviewed several individuals and made sure to hear their stories and thoughts and also to take an expressive picture of them to display back in Philadelphia like the pictures under the 22nd street bridge. I wasn't able display them that way but decided that an Instagram page would be the best way. From this project, I learned so much of Cuba’s culture and that Cuba and it's people are just like any other people on this planet. 

old man
old man
Little boy part2
Little boy part2

Feel free to explore the instagram page!---->

"Cuban Culture - Learn More about Cuba | Don Quijote." DonQuijote. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

This website is an excellent source. It is an website that features different articles on Cuban culture including language, food, dance, film, monuments and more. I know this source is reliable because it comes from an organization, Don Quijote. I will use this source as a foundation for knowledge for Cuban culture.

Mannon, Travis. "12 Young Cubans Reveal What They Really Think of the U.S." Mic. Mic Network Inc., 25 Oct. 2015. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

This is a online article source that includes summaries on the views Cubans have on America as well as the actually dialogue and answers that they give. I didn’t think to ask Cubans about America but this article changed my mind about it. This article gives sample questions which is great and I could use those questions for my interviews.

Paterson, James. "How to Shoot the Perfect Portrait." TechRadar. Future Pic, 08 Aug. 2016. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

Since I will be photographing people and displaying their portraits/pictures, I need to know the skills to do so. I never took a photography course at SLA, so this source perfectly describes the aperture, lighting, depth of field, and exposure for the perfect picture. Although this source is very useful, one limitation that it has is that it just simply describes what to do but there’s no picture or videos showing how to do it.

Pérez, Louis A. “The American Historical Review.” The American Historical Review, vol. 99, no. 5, 1994, pp. 1786–1787.

I wanted knowledge on Fidel castro since I know that there are mixed opinions of him inside and outside of Cuba. I would love to ask some of the Cubans on their opinions and their lives during his rule. This source gives a negative view on Castro which is the only downside but it is still useful because I can see the opinions of those who did not like him.

UCD- University College Dublin. “On how I approach strangers in the street | Humans of New York creator Brandon Stanton | UCD, Dublin.” Online Video Clip. Youtube. Youtube, 1 Feb 2017. Web. 24 Apr 2014.

This is an online video source from the University College Dublin where “Humans of New York” creator, Brandon Stanton, gives his story on how he is successful at interviewing strangers in the street. For my Capstone, this is my biggest worry as people will possibly say “no”. Brandon’s advice is to stay as calm as possible and be as non-threatening as possible. His greatest advice in the video is the types of questions he asks strangers. This will help me formulate my own questions. This will be one of my most referenced sources for my Capstone.

Stanton, Brandon, and Brandon Stanton. Humans of New York: Stories. New York: St. Martin's, 2015. Print.

My goal to Brandon Stanton’s “Humans of New York” is similar; to display the stories and faces of humans. Although his subjects are in New York and mine are in Cuba, my process will be the same as his. His book will be an excellent reference for the type of stories I want as well as the aesthetic I will like to have.

Vaughan, Umi. “Afro Cuba.” Rebel Dance, Renegade Stance: Timba Music and Black Identity in Cuba, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 2012, pp. 47–79,

Going to Cuba and interviewing people, I think it would be respectful to have prior knowledge of Cuba and it’s people. I have a deep interest in Afro-Cubanos and I would love to speak with one of them since they can sometimes go unnoticed in the social aspect of Cuba. This is a reliable source as it was found on JSTOR and it it gives the the context and significance of “contemporary Cuba” during the 90s and the evolution of dance as well as Fidel Castro’s reign.

Vilma Martinez Capstone

For my capstone, I wanted to do something not only for students and teachers as well. So I decided to clean up Room 500 up on the fifth floor. Room 500 is a room where students hang out, teachers take students for quizzes and studying, or both students and teachers go to so they can use the printer there. The room was in a bad state, the walls were a pale green covered in graffiti and there were books and trash all over the floor.  I took it upon myself to take some time to clean up the room before I got to painting the walls to cover up the graffiti and moving shelves in for teachers. However, before I got to doing physical work, I collected data from students and teachers in order to get the result both parties wanted, as well as doing research. When it came to painting walls, light and dark colors worked best for ficus and prevented headaches and such. Bright colors that have an extra pop tend to strain the eyes and gives people headaches, which is what I was trying to avoid for students. Teachers wanted space to organize things as well as a space that is clean in order to hold tests and such. As soon as I got what I needed, I moved straight to the physical work which was finished in no time and the result came out really nice.


Michael Thayres Capstone

​My capstone was about the participation levels of CAD in SLA's engineering department. I went on a school year long personal seminar for teaching myself CAD (computer aided drafting) relevant to machinery in the engineering room. My hope is that this might be used to give those who are interested a boost when they start. I quit several times due to how much there was to learn and how unguided the process felt. My goal is to lower the chances of that happening with students in the future by offering the methods and outlooks I used as I learned. I try to do this in a way that is inviting and accessible as possible.  

Adlynn Gonzalez Capstone

For my capstone, I wanted to learn more about music than I already had. I’ve been involved with music since I was 7, and have always been trying to immerse myself in it. What I originally wanted to do for my capstone was to be an intern at a recording studio. After learning I had to be 18 to become an intern, I waited before kickstarting my capstone. Once I turned 18, all the good internship spots were gone. So I had to create a new capstone.

Over the summer, I was an intern at this organization called AMLA (a place where my brother takes lessons). I always wondered what it would be like to be a teacher, which made me realize that my new capstone should be about me teaching music. I have been taking vocal lessons for quite some time, which made me feel like I could be of some assistance to AMLA. I also became a student at AMLA just to get the best of both worlds. I ended up helping their vocal teacher in her classes. I interacted with the students and tried to find ways to build their confidence while singing. One person I ended up teaching was my brother. I have been helping him prepare a song for AMLA’s summer recital. 

The last part of my capstone was taking a group of middle schoolers to a recording studio, and taking what I’ve learned from AMLA to help them in the recording studio. We spent 6+ hours creating 3 songs using original content created by the students. Overall, it was an amazing learning experience. I documented every part of my capstone in a blog (which goes in depth about teaching at AMLA and the recording studio).

Screenshot 2017-05-18 at 9.55.08 PM
Screenshot 2017-05-18 at 9.55.08 PM

Jake Norman Capstone

​The Capstone I created is a Photography club that combines a leadership experience with physical products. I will be teaching Freshmen and Sophomores the knowledge I have learned regarding photography techniques. This club will allow freshmen who are interested in photography to gain photographic skills and easy access to photography and film equipment. By the end of this project, I hope to share my experience and knowledge of photography and photo editing with underclassmen. I also plan on finding a continue supporting and running the club for future freshman classes. To get the word out about the club, I created flyers and made announcements in the biweekly advisory memo to advertise. After working for some time on my capstone idea, I realized it was failing and that I need to try something new. I still wanted to help future Dig Vid classes so I decided to take the lesson plans and activities I had planned for the club and turn those into educational tutorial videos covering the same subjects. I then created a blog where I posted all of the videos.


Works Cited:

Brandon Jones Capstone

​For my Capstone, I was decided to apply my knowledge of our core values towards a topic that I've been interested in since childhood. I decided to conduct months of research so that I could learn the in's and out's of creating a Gameboy. However, I didn't want to just create any ordinary Gameboy, but instead one that didn't rely on cartridges to play games. Luckily I came across a Youtuber named Wermy and a website called Sudo Mod, who shared my interest. I watched and read tutorials and decided the best way for me to apply what I've learned was to create a manual that incorporates aspects of the videos I've watched and the tutorials I've read. I chose a manual because not only did it give me a sense of nostalgia, but it let me demonstrate the knowledge I gained. Prior to this project, I had very little experience with computers and programming. After completing this, I feel as though I can understand new and interesting concepts similar to the one that I worked with. Creating this manual has taught me the value of research and how it can be used to create great things.

Link to Manual with pictures: 

Link to Annotated Bibliography:

Food Access in Philly

Hi! My name is Simon and I am in SLA. I’m doing my You & The World project about the food access in Philadelphia. We saw in the first post that the food quality is directly related to a lot of criterias, like the place you live in. The price is probably the most important factor, that is why this issue is very controversial and not fair: it is way harder to get healthy and fresh food when you’re disfavored. For more information, click on this link.  

A lot of relevant information have been found since the last post, and I think that I have been very well surprised by the survey responses (even if they are some stain points). The first thing that surprised me is the number of people who are bringing their own lunch at school (26 people ought to 49 responded “yes”), which is a good sign because most of the people who do so bring healthy food. But let’s remember that, sadly, almost 60% of the people don’t!

Screenshot 2017-05-15 at 9.18.18 AM.png

This is the proportion Yes and No on the question, that's a pretty good result!

Secondly, another good point was what people eat at home, for dinner. Out of 49 answers, most of the poeple (like 90%) mentioned pastas or rice with chicken (that’s the most common dish I noticed!) and sometimes with vegetables, like broccoli. I am really nicely surprised on this point because I thought that most of the people use to go to a restaurant eating alone a such of non-healthy food (even if some people said they used to do). In the same register, I saw that people don’t often eat outside of the school, which is also a positive point.

Screenshot 2017-05-18 at 9.01.53 PM.png

As I previously mentioned, a lot of people eat chicken and/or rice!

Through all of the data given, many links can be drawn with my initial researches for the first post. First let’s see the relationship between the area where people live and the quality of the food they eat. In the survey, most of the people considered that they use to eat healthy, let’s analyze this!

Screenshot 2017-05-18 at 3.01.19 PM.png

One of the question of the survey, asking how healthy people think they eat…

As we can see, most of the people (43 out of 49) consider that, on a scale of 5, they give themselves a score between 3 and 4, which is actually pretty encouraging, even if we can reconsider the question of what people consider as healthy.  

While doing researches, I found new interesting facts about the food access in its globality. A very interesting one is the food desert. This is a phenomenon defined as large regions in the country where it gets very hard to get fresh food, mainly fruits and vegetables. In Philadelphia, this pattern is sadly increasing since a while. As says this article and a couple other sources, the issue makes the healthy food access harder for those who don’t live close to grocery stores and have to take public transportations for a long time, around an hour. This issue just complicates even more the organization of the city in term of proximity.

To get all this data, I made a quick survey that I sent by mail to people from my highschool, including few teachers. My questions were mainly answered by multiple choices question or via scales. Before starting, I had a lot of European stereotypes or common says, like that the American East Coast eats very bad food, that most of the people are overweight… This wasn’t very conscious but I was still concerned about it! Obviously, this is kinda true, but not totally. What I mean by this is that a lot of progress are being made, like associations, global realization, and that’s what I took conscious of while doing my researches! My personal opinion is really changing: I think that a lot of the people have the goal to eat healthier, they can just missing ways of doing it.

Though, everything is not totally clear and I am still wondering about few facts. For example, if people use to eat dinner in family, or other habits about food.

For more information, you can check my Annotated Bibliography.

Here is the link to my survey, where all my images are from.  

(sorry for the non-cropped images, slate didn't paste them correctly!)

Amanda Bolli Capstone

Ultimate frisbee

For my capstone I held an ultimate frisbee clinic. I thought this would fit  my interest because after high school I want to continue to play ultimate frisbee and be able to make it to nationals. Everything leading up to the event was prep work for the event. I wanted to bring awareness to the athletic department at Science Leadership Academy. I focused on Ultimate Frisbee because I have been play for fours year and I thought it would be cool to teach others how to either get better at playing or learn how to play in general.  By doing this project I learned to be the leader. It was a challenge to keep my patience because not everyone would pay attention to what was being shown. Doing the prep work was probably the best part of this project. I was looking up drills to run and of course there are so many skill levels and it was hard to chose each drill because I wasn’t sure the skill level that would attend. Overall I think my capstone was a success because everyone who showed up had a lot of fun and as each day came to an end it was like a weight got lifted off of my shoulders.

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Chhievling Seng Capstone

I had done my capstone with TEVA Pharmaceuticals Internship. For my capstone, I had been giving out surveys to the current interns in order to assist my mentors on improving the program through positive and informative feedbacks. I had been giving out the surveys since the start of the school year and had been gathering them in order to evaluate what has been going well and what can be modified. The purpose of my capstone project is mainly to gather feedbacks and present them in a way that would allow my mentors to create new and more enriching activities for us current interns and new coming interns this summer. As a part of this project, I had created a website where I would use the survey responses to write about the overall experiences of the TEVA interns and my personal experience on collecting the surveys, analyzing the responses, and co-facilitating the Women in Stem Panel.

​Click here for the website!

Click here for the bibliography!

Benjamin Simon Capstone


For my capstone, I expanded upon my website called The Empire, which covers college basketball in Philadelphia. When I first started The Empire with my co-founder William Derry, who graduated from SLA one year ago, we had to design a website and create a domain. We also had to find a way to create a following. That started with contacting media representatives at each college to secure press credentials. This way we could interview players and coaches, attend games as media, participate in press conferences, and seize all of the opportunities regular media members have. As a result, we were able to better compete with other sites covering college basketball. 

Over the past year, I’ve continued working on the site and using our press credentials to attend events as media, which were expanded this year. While in our first year we could only go to Penn and St. Joe’s games, this year we secured press credentials at Drexel, La Salle, and Temple. We created a YouTube channel and additionally established a GoFundMe page to help increase resources for the site in the future. Throughout the maturation of the site, I’ve learned about writing, professionalism, and the in’s and out’s of being a true sports journalist. Creating and editing content on near weekly basis has given me constant practice. I’ve also had to learn how to write professional emails and act properly in media events. I’m excited to continue building The Empire as the city's go-to college basketball sites. 


Anderson, Monica, and Andrea Caumont. "How social media is reshaping news." Pew Research Center. N.p., 24 Sept. 2014. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

The article is used to understand the ways in which social media is redefining news circulation. The article displays the modern day use of social media in multiple different formats, providing clear infographics, data, and words. It is clearly labeled and touches on a couple topics, including the comparison between varying social media sites, the use of news in social media, and how social media affects the news. The article provides details when to post articles, where to post articles, and how to post articles in order to get the best circulation on social media. The Pew Research Center is a highly regarded group that consistently completes fantastic research. 

Barca, Jerry. "Benjamin Simon Interview with Jerry Barca." Telephone interview. 15 Feb. 2016.

Jerry Barca, a sports journalist for Forbes, completed an interview with me where he spoke about what is expected of journalists who cover college athletics. What are they allowed to do? What aren’t they allowed to do? Where is the line drawn? He has been around the business for awhile and was able to share a lot of his experiences in the interview. Barca is a highly regarded journalist who has written multiple books about sports, including one about the Notre Dame football team in the 1980s. He is an expert on college athletics and has dealt with them since he was in college himself. 

BBC Academy. YouTube. YouTube, 26 Oct. 2015. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

The video gives multiple vantage points for the listener to learn about interview techniques. Throughout the video, a narrator explains the skills that he uses as an interview and he then shows examples from his own interviews. The video flashes from the narrator speaking about the techniques he equips with actual interviews to scenes from BBC’s newsroom, where the journalists are having a meeting. The source gives an opinion of interviewing  principles. Instead of reading a source, it was interesting to actually listen to someone’s opinions and hear them put those skills to work in an interview. It helped to visualize and understand how professional journalists navigate through interviews. The video was created by BBC, one of the world’s leading news outlets. They are very successful and it is a result of strong interviews. Their opinion is credible. 

Crichton Danny, Ben Christel, Aaditya Shidham, Alex Valderrama, and Jeremy Karmel. Journalism in the Digital Age. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2017. <>.

The site focuses on how journalism was once widely recognized as the “fourth estate” of government and how it has changed over the past centuries. It provides an idea of how media needs to progress with the new landscape while also giving background on media’s history over the past century. Where is journalism headed? How can new websites be designed to match that? It is important to understand the trend of journalism before diving head first into it. Written in a scholarly tone, the site was created by students at Stanford and is full of fantastic information that shows its trustworthiness and well researched aspects.

DeMers, Jayson. "50 Free Ways To Increase Your Twitter Followers." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 17 June 2015. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

One of the most important aspects of running a website is having a strong social media following. Twitter is especially significant in the journalism world. In order to build a website in today’s world, a social media presence is imperative. The site was used to help brainstorm ways to better The Empire’s reach on social media. The more followers that a website has on their Twitter page, the more circulation that their articles can receive. The cited article was released by Forbes, one of the most well known business magazines in the world. The author, Jayson DeMers, is a former CEO and founder of a marketing firm. Reliability was not in question when reading the aritcle as it was clear that DeMers had a clear sense of how to build a Twitter brand. 

Feinstein, John. The Legends Club: Dean Smith, Mike Krzyzewski, Jim Valvano, and an Epic College Basketball Rivalry. N.p.: Penguin Random House, n.d. Print. 

One of John Feinstein’s most recent books, The Legend’s Club, documents the story behind the historic rivalry between North Carolina coach Dean Smith, Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski, and North Carolina State coach Jim Valvano. The book gave an in-depth view into college basketball and how it operates. It also displayed how good research has to be done and how to craft a well researched story. The book was written by John Feinstein, who is highly regarded sportswriter, and has written 35 books with two New York Times best sellers. He was also a student at Duke and writer for the school newspaper when Smith, Krzyzewski, and Valvano were coaching. He is very knowledgeable on college athletics and has been around the game for multiple decades. 

Gelb, Zach. "Benjamin Simon Interview with Zach Gelb." Telephone interview. 25 Mar. 2016.

Zach Gelb completed an interview with myself. Gelb is a former WHIP radio host and student journalist for the Temple media outlets, During the conversation, Gelb provided ideas about how to deal with being a journalist covering college athletics. Different than Barca, Gelb is younger and at the time of the interview, he was just finishing his work with the Temple athletics. Temple is one of the teams that The Empire covers, so he was able to specifically reference how to handle working with the Temple athletics department. He also knew how to navigate the newly changing landscape of journalism because of his youth. He provided ideas of how to attract followers, connect with sports information directors, and create connections with other journalists. Gelb is definitely a reliable source which is backed up by his large following and extensive experience journalism experience.

"How to Write a Profile Feature Article." Student Voices. New York Times, 1999. Web. 2 Feb. 2017. <>.

Writing a feature article is a great way to capture someone or something’s story. In this article, the New York Times captures different ways journalists should go about writing basic feature articles. It gives 14 bullet point tips, along with a longer explanation in paragraph form at the end of the post. The article gives a really clear set up about how journalists should go about writing feature story. The New York Times is one of the world’s most trusted media outlets. They are well respected and have a long track record of success. Although the article was created in 1999 and journalism has since changed, the basics of how to write a feature story is still the same. This source is clear cut, easy to understand, and one of the most direct teachings on feature articles available online. 

Mencher, Melvin. News Reporting and Writing. 8th ed. N.p.: Mcgraw-Hill College, 1999. Print.

The book’s chapter on interview principles provided clear information about how to do a strong interview. It starts with a fictional story about man who is trying to quotes for a good article from a poor interviewee. Throughout the chapter, the author explains the rules interviewers are expected to abide by. The book is used to gather tips about how to create the best article from an interview. It also explains the distinction between interviews for feature articles and news articles. The book is full of great information and is referenced on many sites, including Columbia’s School of Journalism, as a source for learning about journalism techniques. The author of the book, Melvin Mencher, is a Nieman Fellow at Harvard and was teacher at Columbia’s Graduate School of Journalism for 28 years.  

"Social Media." NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2017. <>.

One of the most important aspects of journalism today is social media use. This cited source specifically documents the different guidelines that NPR staff members are expected to follow for social media. It is important to read and understand the NPR social media ethics handbook as an aspiring journalist because it gives clear instructions as to how to handle social media. Although not everyone is a staff worker for NPR, it is helpful to view the expectations that they hold their writers to. This site gives great insight to the do’s and dont’s for their journalists on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, or other networks. NPR is one of the country’s most trusted media outlets. It’s legitimacy and track record is a product of how they compile guidelines like the one here.

Kai Burton Capstone

My capstone project is a natural website complete with video testimonials of natural haired beauties, and a lovely photo gallery showcasing the beauty and diversity of natural hair that people of color process. Originally I planned to record a podcast and take a photo shoot for every person I interviewed, but a quarter of the way through the process someone suggested camera interviews and I realized that an on screen interview would demonstrate an even deeper message. I set up a room in SLA that would be used for both interviewing and the photoshoot. I used a black backdrop and asked every person the same questions. I began with basic questions about how different people did their hair and then I transitioned into asking question about how different people interact with their hair. Since I have never taken a digital video or digital photography class at SLA Isabella D’Angelo and Hanna Dunakin assisted me throughout the majority of the process. During the project not only was I able to learn about how people treat and feel about their natural hair, I was also able to learn about how to use recording and editing equipment. Learning about video and photography equipment was not apart of my learning plan for my capstone, but picking up those skills made my capstone even more fulfilling.

Website Link:

Link to my bibliography:

Annotated Bibliography

Byrd, Ayana. "If Big, Natural Hair is in, Why Don't We See it On Television?" NBCUniversal News Group, 27 Jan. 2015. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

This source explores the recent movement of natural hair, coming from famous women on screen. The recent increase in celebrities deciding to sport their natural has led to more regular women gaining the confidence to sport their natural hair as well. However, women of color are still not wearing their natural hair on screen. Thi source explores the lack of diversity on screen that leads o a confusion within the movement. Women are asking how they are expected to look up to other black women for their color, if they don’t see the same thing expressed on the big screen.

Byrd, Ayanna and Tharps, Lori. “Hair Story: Untangling the Roots of Black Hair in America.” St. Martin’s. 2001, 2014.

The stigma of natural hair on black women has been a long fought battle, starting as early as the 1600’s. The issue, however was not prominent until the 1920’s. This novel by Tharps and Byrd tells the struggle of black hair, when black women were first assimilated into the American Society. This source is crucial because it shows the initial struggle of black hair and the movements and waves that black hair has gone through, including the call for a more “uniform” look. I will use this book as a history book of sorts to frame the foundations of this capstone.

Hargro, Brina, "Hair Matters: African American Women and the Natural Hair Aesthetic." Thesis, Georgia State University, 2011.

What this source uniquely addresses is the push back from white America to try and rid the country of the uniqueness of black people. The idea of eurocentric beauty comes from the idea of making African American people feel out of place in this world, white world. In an effort to assimilate black people they tried to get rid of of black culture specifically black features, and that is what this article illustrates. The idea of whitewashing America was to make black people feel uncomfortable, because they knew it was not possible for them to completely assimilate to the community.

Johnson, T.A. and Bankhead, T. (2014) Hair It Is: Examining the Experiences of Black Women with Natural Hair. Open Journal of Social Sciences.

This source gives information on black hair outside of the context of a prejudice white America. Instead it gives the stylistic timeline of black women who did not succumb to the attempted assimilations of white America. As well as the meaning and story for black hair. In other words it indicates why natural hair is so crucial to the development of black women in this country. The last biggest thing from this source are the prejudices that are present within the community of black women. It answers questions like, why is there a such thing as good and bad hair?

King, Vanessa and Niabaly, Dieynaba (2013) "The Politics of Black Womens' Hair," Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato: Vol. 13, Article 4.

This journal takes a more personal approach, asking black women how they feel about relaxing their hair or leaving it natural. Taking into account the research behind how actual women feel about their actual hair, takes a more personal approach to the project. It illustrates how effective the idea of euro centricity is getting through to the masses. It also addresses the judgment that some women receive for choosing to relax their hair. It helped me to understand that and empathize with women that I don’t share the same experiences as. Which ultimately adds to the authenticity and reality of my project.

Koff, Stephen. "U.S. military changes rules on women's hairstyles after Rep. Marcia Fudge and Congressional Black Caucus say they show racial bias." Cleveland, 13 Aug. 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2017.

A popular hairstyle that many women of color chose to wear are dreadlocks. Up until recently the US government did not allow officers of the military to wear this style. Because it was such a prominent part of black culture, I used this source to understand how the government condoned such a blatant racial bias. It shows how not just society but the government accepted the exclusion of black people and turned a blind eye. The government  realized how they were institutionalizing racial bias and got rid of the ban. But it is interesting to see how the ban was conducted.  

Myers, Meghann. "New Army regulations OK dreadlocks for female soldiers." Army Times., 5 Jan. 2017. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

This source also explores the ban that the military imposes on natural hair. And dives into how black women felt forced into wearing wigs and relaxing their hair. However this goes more into specifics with other fashions of protective styling that black women tend to sport, such as cornrows and twists. The enforced regulations illustrate how big and how far apart your braids and or twists can be. The army wanted to enforce uniformity, on the other hand, some people saw this as another method of controlling black women. This article addresses how the army regulates all types of hair despite the race of the person.

Sutton, Tajh. "5 Things to Ask the Next Person Who Calls Your Natural Hair 'Unprofessional'" The Huffington Post., 11 Apr. 2016. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

This article also gives a more personal account of black women interacting with their natural hair in today’s world.  Because natural hair was stigmatized, today the more women who wear their hair naturally the more questions they get asked. The questions get frustrating because natural hair should not be a novelty, but the sad truth is that it is. Some inquiry’s are harmless, but some go as far as to say that natural hair is unclean, dirty, and unprofessional. This article explores the fact that in today’s world, black women are still dealing with critics about their hair from other races.

Thrasher, Steven. "A Personal And Political History Of The Afro." BuzzFeed. Buzzfeed, 5 Nov. 2013. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

This source is amazing because it gives the history of the power and message behind the afro. The afro meant more than taking back black natural hair, but it was also a message to the government that black people were not disappearing. This source is unique because although natural hair is back and better than ever there are still negative stigmas attached to having an afro. The issues attached with afro’s also deal with colorism and issues of hair pattern that can be attached to wearing your hair naturally. Great strides have been made but, there are still aways to go, is the point of this article. It is important to recognize the piece of the battle that we still have to fight.

"Natural hair movement drives sales of styling products in US black haircare market." Natural hair movement drives sales of styling products in US black haircare market | Mintel , 17 Dec. 2015. Web. 02 Feb. 2017.

A big part of black pride is supporting black owned businesses. This article deals with the booming industry that now is the natural hair business. Women are in need of products to support their newly natural hair and are now flocking to companies like shea moisture and jane carter. The companies are supporting black women and black women support them back. The system is making black business boom which is great for all black people. The increase in black business was an unforeseen benefit of women claiming their manes. The new natural hair craze benefits everyone.

Mark Gucciardi-Kriegh Capstone

For my capstone I wanted to push my content creation to it’s limits, so I created numerous new pieces of artwork across a variety of different mediums. My goals were to have two semester long project as well as producing a variety of smaller pieces across the year, eventually compiling them all into a personal portfolio website. Over this past year I have taken over 100 photos, designed 50 unique pieces in photoshop, recorded a podcast, and shot 3 videos.

The process of creating the work wasn’t as challenging as compiling it into a final website to serve as a portfolio, since my work spans across many different mediums. Balancing several projects at once was also a challenge, eventually I stopped recording my podcast because of this, and the music video I shot isn’t in the best shape it could be.

Over the course of the year I have seen a vast improvement in what I have made, comparing the first short video I shot to the second really showcases the jump in quality and confidence in my work. Overall I’m very proud of my capstone, despite falling victim to my own ambition. The skills I have learned and developed through this process will stay with me for the foreseeable future.

Link to website (due to hosting issues it hasn't been updated to latest build)
Link to my instagram and youtube hosting most of my content from this year.