Hikma Salhe Capstone


The purpose of this capstone is to help people understand the power media has over us as a society. There isn’t a lot of ‘good’ coverage about muslims in media, so I thought that it would be a great learning experience, both for myself and my classmates, about Muslims. Many are not aware of the affect the media has on how we perceive the things around us. With the different terrorist attacks that have happened in the past year, the relationship between muslims and the rest of the world has been an estranged one. Initially, I had not expected to focus on the portrayal of muslims, however, as time progressed, I realized that it was a topic that I felt strongly about. I conducted a series of interviews of students in my school, my final product is a website and a documentary/interview style video. By the end of this project, I hope to be able to teach people about stereotypes, effect of media, and differences. This learning goal is appropriate for me because it is something that I feel very strong about as a young, female Muslim living in a Western Society.

Adowa Mohamed's Capstone

Science Leadership Academy was ranked 16th in most diverse high schools in America. Not many students at SLA knew this so I took it upon myself to make this my capstone and to make sure that these students knew how diverse SLA really was. Summer of 2015 I took a trip to the Eastern part of Africa and really got in touch with my culture and wanted other to understand their own culture. During my time in East Africa I took footage of the culture around me and what really struck me as unique and decided to share that with others at SLA too.

For my capstone, I hosted a school-wide International Day. I asked for students to represent their cultures by bringing in food, wearing cultural clothing, and sharing their favorite stories about their culture. Again, my intention for this was for the students, as well as the staff to, understand how diverse our school is. It turned out to be a success. We had a good time. Many students dressed in their culture attire, we ate good food, danced, and took time to appreciate how different we all are. This is definitely something that I want to happen annually at SLA in the future. It is important for things like this to happen, because we learn so much about each other. In the future however, I’d want it to be bigger. I did promotion, but I think to promote earlier, would have been effective. We had just enough food, whereas next time, I’d want to have much more. I am currently looking for someone who will carry the torch and make this an annual tradition, possibility a junior.

- Photo's taken in East Africa- Summer 2015


- Photo's of the International day event- 4/14/16




International Day 2016!
International Day 2016!

Jamie Turner Capstone

​My capstone from the start was going to be a Dodgeball tournament.  My partner and I had high aspirations for the tournament and when the time came it didn't work out.  We went through all of the motions of hosting the tournament for months and worked really hard on it.  It was very disappointing when it didn't work out.  Once we realized the tournament wasn't going to happen, there wasn't much time to try and host a different type of event.  Serge and I decided to do our own seperate projects/ activities so we wouldn't be limited by one another.  Instead of sitting around and doing nothing I decided to use my time wisely.  On Wednesday afternoons I would go to my mom's classroom at Dobson Elementary School and provide 1 on 1 help with her fifth grade class.  For the most part I helped them in math but I provided help in english as well. Here are my resources for planning the Dodgeball tournament and a few pictures of the class and myself working together.  Working on the Dodgeball tournament was my main process and working with the fifth graders at Dobson was just a little extra bit I tried to get done.  

Lauren Thomas Capstone


The process for my Capstone has been a rough one. In the beginning of the year, I had no clear idea what I wanted to spend my senior year working on. I had two different ideas and topics before I settled on what my finished Capstone looks like. I knew I wanted to do a website because I enjoy web design and I wanted to integrate photography into what I was doing because images are worth a thousand words. After what felt like wasting a lot of senior year trying to pick my focus, I finally talked to my mom and mentor and they urged me write about what I know best - Walt Disney World. 

I already know a lot about Walt Disney World, it is my life-long passion, hobby, and obsession, but I did find myself learning new things. I was inspired to let people really know about just how educational Disney can be, which is something I defend everyday. Following a research heavy trip to WDW in February, I was finally able to visualize my website. I wanted to use all my own photographs for my website and I’m glad to say that I accomplished this - every single photo found on my website (with the exception of five images) belong and have been taken by me. 

In the end, I wanted to prove that something I hold near and dear to my heart, Walt Disney World, can be educational and valuable to children and adults of all ages. (And I think I achieved this.)


Hispanic/Latino Representation Through Media

​For my capstone I chose to make a documentary about hispanic/latino representation in the media and how society treats hispanics/latinos because of this issue. I have conducted several interviews which feature different students and their thoughts on hispanic/latino stereotypes that they have observed in movies, television, billboards, etc. The students I interviewed gave a short introduction about themselves and where they were from, I asked them questions that ranged from personal experiences to people they may know that have been affected by stereotypes. The questions I asked will also help the audience understand how stereotypes can alter the daily lives of not just hispanics/latinos but of other cultures and ethnicities as well. Finally the last question I asked in my documentary will require the students I interviewed to define the difference between hispanics and latinos/latinas. By doing this the audience will understand how hispanics and latinos/latinas are separate from each other, my overall goal for creating this documentary is to inform those who don’t have to worry about stereotypes or people assuming different things based on topics they may see in the media and for those who may be concerned with issues surrounding the hispanic/latino community.

Annotated Bibliography:

1). "In Search of Respect." - Cambridge University Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521017114>.

I recently ordered "In Search of Respect" by Philippe Bourgois because it relates to my capstone. This book revolves around street level drug dealers living in East Harlem. Bourgois goes into detail explaining why drugs have become the new economy and writing about the countless homeless heroin addicts that have filled the streets. He also key figures that had changed the lives of residents living there and their knowledge of drug trade in East Harlem and around the country. I decided to use this book because Bourgois mentions situations that define what the latino community has to struggle with and the stereotypes surrounding their identity. Bourgois's offer of culturally privileged information has helped me find the direction I want to go in order to finish my capstone.

2). "Hispanic Culture - Latino Culture -Latin American Culture." Hispanic Culture - Latino Culture -Latin American Culture. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.explore-hispanic-culture.com/>.

This source has helped me discover information that may help me create questions to ask students who I plan to interview. This source has exposed me to famous individuals that I had no idea shaped the latino community and have been awarded for their work and success. This source provided a section of contributions of the latino community that will be able to help me share those contributions to my peers. For my capstones I will attempt to include different locations that I think are important and essential to show respect to the latino community as I am presenting my documentary. Lastly this source provides different hispanic customs that will help me grab the audiences attention and teach them different customs that they either never knew before or are familiar with something similar to that.

3). "The Rise of Victimhood Culture." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/the-rise-of-victimhood-culture/404794/>.

I have decided to use this article as a source of research because it is a great example of stereotypes directed to the latino community and amoung individuals. This article writting by Conor Friedersdorf is about a recent incident at Oberlin College, a talk was held there for Latino Heritage Month. During the event a student attending the college emailed a hispanic student asking if she would be attending the event or not, then asked if she would be playing futbol instead. The student took offense to this and decided to post it on social media and give her response. The Hispanic student took offense that the white student thought the talk was pretty great and shut him down for writing in english then writing improperly in spanish. She accused him of dropping the language when it was convenient, she also accused him of other things that the white student probably didn't know what he was doing. This article is a great source because I can analyze the information and show how it is a stereotype and a struggle of the latino community.

4). "Hispanic Political Figures." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.biography.com/people/groups/hispanic-political-figures>.

I plan on using inspirational quotes and videos about their struggles and what they have completed in their lifetime. I will also include how it affects the Latino community today, whether it’s a positive or a negative. I will research and possibly create a short video about the individual and portray them in a positive way. I have decided to use hispanic figures to grab the audiences attention and bring light to figures that haven’t gotten the recognition that they deserve. I will also give a short description of their childhood and any influences that were present in their life, this will give the audience an idea of what “identity” means to the latino community.

5). "Hispanic Culture." , Posters and Prints at Art.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.art.com/gallery/id--b7514/hispanic-culture-posters.htm>.

This source contains images of paintings and different types of art created by famous hispanic figures, I plan on included how the latino community has influenced art and how it continues to influence many different types of artists today. In my documentary I will be sure to give credit to the artist and give a short summary of their life and how their work was had a positive influence in the hispanic community. I am planning on showing my documentary to a younger audience as well, if I am able to do this I will try to include art intended for children to catch their attention.

6). Understanding The Hispanic Culture, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.


This source explains cultural characteristics between other cultures and also gives statements about their origin and demographics as well. I have also chosen to use this source for my documentary because it gives a short description of latino communities along with family dynamics. Once me and my partner Hikma finish completing our documentaries we will look for different ways to combine our capstones and show how the two cultures are related, we have chosen to focus more on family dynamics and cultural background once we are ready to collaborate for our capstones. A trailer will be a part of our capstones and will give a short description of our work once we are ready to present.

7). "Hispanic and Latino Traits - Hispanic Culture | Latino Culture | Latin American Culture." Hispanic Culture Latino Culture Latin American Culture. N.p., 14 July 2013. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://hispanic-culture-online.com/hispanic-and-latino.html>.

I have chosen to use this source to research my capstone because it provides information on traits and different characteristics that many latino families have in common, by providing information on family dynamics it may help the audience better have a better insight of latino communities and identity as well. I also really like this source because it include a personal article about the author’s family and how they celebrate special events and traditions passed on from previous family members. Lastly I as using this source because it also provides information on different baby names that are commonly used in latino families and latino communities.

8).  "Hispanic Traditions to Keep Alive." LA Times Pulse. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.latintimes.com/pulse/13-hispanic-traditions-celebrate-and-keep-262003>.

This article gives the reader different traditions of the latino culture to continue to celebrate and pass on to future generations. Many of the traditions that are listed are traditions that I celebrate in my family, by having first hand experience it will help me give a better understanding to my peers on latino culture. The article also gives information on different individuals that have helped create latino traditions and make them a part of the latino community. For my documentary I plan on including my experience of celebrating traditions and the traditions listed on this article, this will help my peers understand latino values.

9). "Hispanic Languages & Literatures." Faculty. University of Pittsburgh, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.hispanic.pitt.edu/people/faculty>.

This source provides a detailed description of the language and the use of slang that has evolved over the years, I am including this into my documentary because of my first hand experience with the use of slang and how it has become a part of the latino culture. In recent years many stereotypes have been pinned on latinos and have been discriminated against for the use of slang. I will include a short summarization of the use of slang and how it has envolved over the years in my documentary, I will also interview students that are hispanic and asked them how they feel about the use of slang.

10). "The Ph.D. (HLL)." : Department of Spanish and Portuguese. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://spanish-portuguese.berkeley.edu/graduate-programs/the-ph-d-hll/>.

Although this source is very similar  to my last source, this source goes into detail of latino language and literature. In my documentary I plan to include famous latino art and how artists, adding a summary of latino literature and language will help me give the audience more information regarding education and knowledge in the latino community. I will also interview a number of students on their knowledge of latino literature and how they believe it had a positive influence on the latino community. Lastly I will give my ow personal statement about latino literature and how I believe in has had a positive influence in the latino community.

You can find my documentary on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b05-CYZ2clE

Tenzin Chemi Tibet Capstone

Having been in America for over nine years now, I have always loved the diversity of culture and race within my surroundings. It’s fascinating hearing and seeing the colorful facet of varying cultures. However, it’s distressing when I tell people about my culture and where I’m from because they’re so unaware of it. A culture so rich and beautiful, yet so invisible to people. Also, to be frank, I did not know much about my culture and my country, Tibet, as well as I should have. Through this year long project, I wanted to reach out to people through digital media, an ubiquitous tool around the world, to teach about Tibet and to teach myself about its history.

I wanted to teach people about Tibet in a compelling method. I wanted to create something that people could easily access and understand. I aimed to produce work that was content rich and concise. So in order to meet all my requirements, I settled on publishing a website where I could aesthetically present the different components to my work. I’ve created three parts to my work and I have four pages on my website. My home page gives a brief background on Tibet and the project. The Identity page is where I’ve collected quotes from young Tibetans about what their definition of being Tibetan is. The History & Today page presents a two and half minutes long video I’ve put together from a Tibetan National Uprising Day protest in New York City and a slide show of powerful images taken during the protest. My final page, Cultural Preservation, presents a six minute video I’ve diligently worked to complete showing Tibet’s culture and the ways in which Tibetans preserve it today.   

Stephanie Dyson Capstone

From the ever-influential (and never-aging) lips of Pharrell Williams: “'Entrepreneur 'just denotes that you recognize that you're doing things across disciplines and that you're blazing your own path.” My capstone was my own exploration of the term entrepreneur and of myself as a renaissance woman. I actually began my Capstone in June 2015 when I began work with a thrift shop located on South Street called Here’s To Cool Stuff. There, I met a myriad partners and friends who would work with my over the course of my senior year to attend learning events and produce the following projects:

  • Administrative Internship at The Village of Arts & Humanities in North Philadelphia

  • YCenter 2-Week Social Entrepreneurship Incubator

  • Five Finger Posse Art Shows

  • Radiation Media Gang Events

  • Philly Art Collective Events

  • Events Internship with Art(is) for Kids

  • Elebration Celebrations

Elebration, the group that I did a majority of my work with, gave me the opportunity to build my personal clientele and help me decide that I’d like to go to school for Public Relations. I worked with countless artists, managing their social media accounts and commission requests, creating business cards, organizing and being a liaison for galleries and shows. In terms of shows and events, I managed four over the course of the school-year:

  • South Street Cypher @ InksterInc (530 S. 4th Street) - 3/12

  • Philly Art Collective 7th Installment @ OpenSpacePHL- 4/16

  • Locals Only @ H2CS (1214 South Street) - 5/6

  • Frieday @ The Boom Room (1300 N. Front Street) - 5/20

Video footage from our extremely successful South Street Cypher. Hosted by Elebration at InksterInc, only 23 people showed up when our doors opened. By leaving doors open and allowing the music and art to ebb and flow, we ended the night marching to Kendrick Lamar's "Alright" with nearly 70 people. This made the way for various interviews on small blogs and media outlets within and out of the city. All credits for the video go to our media specialist at Elebration, Yusri Yunivrs.
A poster that I created for an event I co-curated with the Here's to Cool Stuff team. A multidisciplinary art show and locally curated pop-up shop, Locals Only garnered nearly 80 enthused patrons. In helping H2CS curate and manage events, I helped their profits tremendously. When they were previously breaking even at best, they had a booming 6 months of profits when I began promotional work with them. I have also been commissioned as their In-house Events DJ when school lets out for the summer.
​One of my favorite and most interesting side jobs was doing creative direction and styling for my good friend, Sean. Han.soloo on instagram, Sean has had his recent work published in many online, New-York-based publications. This gave me some insight not only on entrepreneurship, as he is one of the few artists I know who makes a living as an artist and as an artist alone, but on the fashion industry and allowed me to create my own ideas on style and creative direction. 
From working with my various teams, I found that, however long and tasking the processes of event and project management may be, it’s something that I love to do. My future projects include the Philly Art Collective’s 8th Installment @ OpenSpacePHL - 5/22, Elebration Banquet - 6/11, Eleblock Party- 6/18, Art(is) For Kids Wine & Dine - 7/1, "Gentrified" Book Signing with author and photographer Lamar Bonéy @ The Village of Arts and Humanities - 7/4. I was a quiet power-player in Philadelphia’s underground art scene, and plan to take everything that I learned this year and not only incorporate it into my studies in college, but continue to follow the path that I am blazing.

View my annotated Bibliography here

Isabella Blackwell's Capstone

For my capstone, I initially wanted to base it off of Youtube, and create a Youtube channel with content of my own on it. I watch Youtube videos everyday, and it has honestly become apart of my daily life. I thought it would be a great idea to create videos of my own that people my age could relate to, and take a liking to. I started to "vlog" in the fall, but in the end, I just wasn't comfortable with the content. I also just didn't know how I could connect that capstone idea back with SLA's core values. After talking with my mentor, and throwing around ideas, I decided to do something that I love, which is volleyball. Along with my team and coach, I worked hard to create a "Students vs. Teachers Volleyball Game", that will take place on Tuesday, May 24th 2016. 

To make this all happen, a lot of things had to be planned, and difficult decisions had to be made. We had to get a gym to have it in, decide who was going to play, get ahold of teachers who wanted to participate, spread the word and get students interested, figure out how to make money off of it, etc. Phone calls were made, and we ended up booking Lloyd Hall, on Boathouse Row, to host the game. I made a forum for teachers to sign up to play, with information about their shirt size and nickname so they could have a "jersey". I signed and distributed tickets to sell to people interested in coming to the game to have fun and support. I also made flyers to post around the school with information about the game like, the cost of entrance (initially 3 dollars, now 2 dollars and 5 dollars at the door) and the time, date and location. Below is a picture of the flyer, along with a picture of the matching slip of information about the game that goes with a ticket when bought. 

Here is my Annotated Bibliography!

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Allison Kelly

​When entering senior year, I had no idea what my capstone would be. I didn't feel interested enough in anything to dedicate a whole school year's worth of work to the project. I was actually one of the very late bloomers when deciding on a capstone idea. I had messed around with a few different topics, but nothing really stuck with me. It wasn't until one day when I was reflecting on senior year and all of the things I wish I knew going into it and I wish I was warned about  that it finally hit me. I was going to make a senior year guidebook for the incoming seniors of SLA.

The book consists of 8 chapters. It starts out with an intro to senior year, just a general idea of what to expect. After that, it goes on to tell my experience as a senior. I try to the best of my ability to warn them to steer clear of all of the mistakes I made. I then talk about some junior year necessities. In hopes that all of the advisors will make their advisory read the book over summer, this chapter will help them know what exactly to have done before even entering senior year. I then talk about test prep, creating their own future plans, and some of advice on how to be accepting of situations and motivated to make something work for them. The best chapter of this book  are letters written by some other select SLA seniors giving their own stories and advice.

Overall, I have learned that you can always take something away from an experience, even if it didn’t turn out the way you planned or would’ve liked. Maybe the best thing I have taken away from my senior year is the advice that I have crafted into this guidebook to be able to help other seniors out with some information and advice that I wish someone could’ve given me.

Below is an excerpt from the first chapter of The Official Guidebook to Senior Year.

And so that time has finally come. The year in which you have so longed for, the one you thought would never actually arrive. It’s here and it is going to go by faster than you will ever believe. All of our years in schooling are spent wishing for the weekend, the summer, the following year, etc. that we never realize until it’s all over how fast that time we wished away actually went. The scary thing is though, that is time you will never get back. So, I am here to help you not be in the current position I am in, wishing you could start senior year all over, do things differently, and get all that wished away time back.

    I think the first place students go wrong when entering senior year is the mindset they have. Senior year has gotten itself this reputation of being the easy year, the year that you just cruise through. I hate to break it to you, but that is not the case at all. From experience, I can actually say that it is quite the opposite. Senior year was definitely the hardest year of high school. All of the work you get in all of your classes seem like so much more than it actually is just because you were expecting all of your teachers to be asking close to nothing from you, and sadly that’s also not the case, well not at least until about second semester. So, not only do you have your normal boatload of work, but it is also the lovely season of college applications.

Now at SLA, being as we are a very small, close school, we seemed to have been warned about everything. We have rarely went into a year not knowing exactly what the challenges entailed. We were warned about how hard physics class would be for most of us, we were warned about which teachers would always catch us on the elevators, which teachers were pushovers and would fall for accepting a google doc link for a submission even though they wouldn’t be shared in for weeks to come, what it would be like to finally be stuck in a Don Marcos or Reddy class, and even how hard junior year would be. But, for some reason, nobody decided to warn us about the hardest year of our high school careers.


Jonas Bromley Capstone

When I started thinking about my capstone last summer I knew I wanted to do something with solar power. After that I had to think about what I could do with solar power that could help the school. With this I decided to make a solar powered charging station. This was a much bigger task than I first anticipated it to be, after doing some research on making solar panels I realized that this could be a huge undertaking. After that I talked to Miles about joining me on my capstone and splitting it into multiple parts, we started working together on wednesdays in Mr. Kamal’s room. We started off just doing research and got in contact with Stephen Pisklak, who works on solar panels at DOW. We reached out to him to figure out if making our own solar cells was a viable project. He told us that it would not be possible to make our own solar cells but that we could buy solar cells and build a charge controller. We started researching and ordering parts, we eventually accumulated enough parts to be able to start working on the panels. Attaching the cells together proved to be very difficult because the cells were very delicate. They are so delicate that when miles picked one up it snapped in his hand.

At this point in time we have everything assembled and we just have to connect a couple pieces together and mount the solar panel.

Below is an album highlighting the process of our capstone and what we have now:




Byers, TJ. "Build a Solar Charge Controller." Mother Earth News. Mother Earth News, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.motherearthnews.com/diy/solar-charge-controller-zmaz84mazale.aspx?PageId=1>.

This source is where I found the best schematics for a charge controller. This source was very helpful because it gave me a layout for the charge controller and the exact specifications on all the parts I needed for it. It gives in-depth descriptions on how to assemble it, and where to get certain components. One of the drawbacks of this source are how old it is, it was published as an article in 1984. I have checked it against other sources and it looks reliable, the reason I chose it over the other sources is that it is a lot more detailed.

Davis, Michael. "A New Solar / Wind Charge Controller Based on the 555 Chip." A New Solar / Wind Charge Controller Based on the 555 Chip. Michael David, 2014. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.mdpub.com/555Controller/>.

Dell. "Dell Slim Power Adapter - 65 Watt." Dell. Dell, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://accessories.us.dell.com/sna/productdetail.aspx?c=us&l=en&s=bsd&cs=04&sku=332-1831>.

For the charging station I am including chromebook chargers because all of the students will have chromebooks and it will be helpful to have that hardwired into the station. I needed to know how much power is needed to charge the laptops so that the solar panel produces enough energy. It is also important to know how much energy the charger accepts and how it converts the energy. If I give it too much, it will blow out and will not work. If I do not give it enough, it will not do it’s job.

Dhar, Michael. "How Do Solar Panels Work?" Live Science. Live Science, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 1 Feb. 2016. <http://www.livescience.com/41995-how-do-solar-panels-work.html>.

This source was very helpful because from it I were able to learn the basics of photovoltaic solar panels. This helps me to be more knowledgeable about my capstone. One of the drawbacks to this source is that it does not actually tell me anything about building a solar panel. I chose this source because it is useful to know the background information about what you are working on even if it is not actually pertinent to what you are doing. This information could help me work through problems I might have while building my panel.

DIY Projects. “Solar Cell Tabbing - the EASY RIGHT WAY to do it.” Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 23 January 2010. Web. 2 February 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TDlcaILWP54>.

This is one of the sources to I used to learn how to tab solar panels. This one was really helpful for me because it showed me how to do complete tabbing of solar panels. The process is very difficult and without this source I would not have been able to accomplish it. One of the drawbacks of this source is the lack of explanation on some of the procedures to tab the panels. The video helps us find out how to connect the solar cells together to create a solar panel.

Dow Corning. "Solar Energy Basics." Energy for a Sustainable World From the Oil Age to a Sun-Powered Future (2010): 155-65. The Science of Solar: Solar Energy - The Basics. Dow Corning, 2009. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <https://www.dowcorning.com/content/publishedlit/06-10028_solar-energy-the-basics.pdf>.

Everbright Solar. "500 Watt High Power Mono Crystalline Solar Cells for DIY Solar Panel." Everbright Solar. Everbright Solar, 2009. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <http://www.everbrightsolar.net/500-watt-high-power-mono-crystalline-solar-cells-for-diy-solar-pa500.html>.

This is the company I bought my solar cells from so they have the specs for the cells I bought. I need the specs to figure out how big I want to make the panel and the specifications for resistors. It is also useful to know the specs for the cells so we could find the right materials to use with the cells to build the solar panel. This source also gave us the weight of the cells which will help build our support structure for our panels. One of the things that I would have liked this source to include is how fragile the cells are, when we first opened the box we took one out and it snapped in our hands.

kurtscottage. “Homemade Solar Panels Diy tutorial, complete build.” Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 12 August 2012. Web. 2 February 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ouLa4Ftu3O8>.

This has been my main source for the complete build of the solar panel. Shows how to build a large panel from beginning to end with plenty of explanation and instruction. The one issue that I have had with it so far is that he has some slightly different materials. His solar cells for example are already tabbed, but mine are not so I had to find another more detailed source to learn how to do that part. This source is credible because it is simply and instructional video, it does not make and scientific claims that require citing. This source has been essential for step by step instructions on the creation of a solar panel.

Mik. "Overcharged Lead-Acid Battery - What to Do?" V Is for Voltage Forums. V Is for Voltage Forums, 7 Mar. 2013. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://visforvoltage.org/forum/13446-overcharged-lead-acid-battery-what-do>.

This is an important source because I am doing something that could potentially be dangerous. I found this source when trying to research on the dangers of charging a battery of this size incorrectly. The source describes a man who over charged his battery, something that may happen if I do things incorrectly, and I now understand more fully what will happen to the battery. This source confirms my suspicion that not only will the battery be ruined, but it will need to be properly disposed of. This means that I need to check up on my battery periodically to make sure it is ok.

Schwartz, Drew. "Polycarbonate (Lexan) vs. Acrylic (Lucite)." Colorado Plastic Products. Colorado Plastic, 25 Sept. 2015. Web. 5 Feb. 2016. <http://www.coloradoplastics.com/blog-0/bid/42625/Polycarbonate-Lexan-vs-Acrylic-Lucite>.

I needed to figure out what I was going to cover my solar panel with, glass is expensive so I wanted to use some sort of plexiglass. The question was polycarbonate or acrylic and this source helped me know the difference. The source explains the impact strength of the polycarb (most notably by demonstrating in the video), and lead me to the decision to use polycarb instead of glass or acrylic. This option is cheaper but still has the strength that I need for an indoor solar panel.

SFUPTOWNMAKER. "PCB Basics." Sparkfun. Sparkfun, n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2016.


This site helped me learn how about PCB’s or Printed Circuit Boards. We are going to be making our own Printed Circuit Board for our charge controller. We decided that a printed circuit board would be the easiest way to make our charge controller (opposed to a breadboard or wiring the components together manually). A printed circuit board will allow us to assemble our charge controller very easily and make it more reliable and more durable.

Solar America Cities. "Solar Installation Guidebook." Mayor's Office of Sustainability. City of Philadelphia, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.phila.gov/green/solarGuidebook.html>.

wtam69. “Diy automatic 12 volt charge controller.” Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 16 January 2014. Web. 2 February 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0C-Q76y3wy8>.

This source on charge controllers was very helpful because it helped to verify our first charge controller source so we could know it was accurate. This is important to know because if your sources give different information you won’t know how to  proceed correctly. This source also showed the actual construction of the charge controller instead of just showing diagrams like the other source. One of the good things about this source is that it outlines how to test your charge controller safely to make sure it works. This is very important because we are going to be using a large amount of current that could be deadly.

Katia Hadjeb Capstone


The original project was to  complete a novel by the end of this year, that talks about the way society  treats people with visual disabilities. Also talking about what people consider as normal, and how is difference often rejected. In deed, I finished the first chapter of this book. I was not able to finish the whole book, because  I kept having new ideas and changing the story; but also because of health issues I’ve had which required me to not do work for a very long time.  I am planing on finishing the other chapters  as I’m moving forward to college.

The other part of the project was creating a group that consists of high school students who have visual disabilities,  and discuss the obstacles that face them and the reasons behind them as well as ways to overcome them. Also to participate in certain activities and workshops in order to raise awareness about blindness, and advocate for our rights.  Although I found people who were very passionate about the project, we faces a lot of obstacles as moving forward.  Because the students are from a private school for the blind, they were not allowed to get out of the school since they lived on campus; and in order for us to do our activities in that school I had to go through a lot of people. The end of the year  started approaching and I still had to meet with other people in order to make it work. Meeting with those people was never a problem, but it took up to three months in order to schedule an appointment with one of the principals. Unfortunately, I didn’t have enough time and resources to complete this part of the project, but I’ll definitely keep working on it.

Over all, I have learned a lot about   different ways of dealing with different people. Most importantly I worked with great mentors who thought me  that when things don’t go the way I want them to, I should just make the best out of it. Even though the result of this project was not exactly what I wanted it to be,  but  this project is still a great start for a future greater project.


My project is mainly based on my personal experience, as well as the experiences of some other students whom I’ve met with a few times. 

Marvin Pearson,Shaniyah Scott,  Madeline Nobles, Tyler Jordan and Christian Childs  all confirmed that they have been treated differently/negatively by people only because of their blindness/visual impairment.

The following books helped shaping the story and characters of my book, due to the critical and philosophical ideas and theories they introduce.

How to make friends and influence people by Dale Carnegie.

This book talks about human relationships, and the min theory that it introduces is that the deepest  urge of all human beings is to feel important. Therefore the best way to positively influence someone is to make that person feel important,  or unimportant  if the goal is  to destroy  the person psychologically.  So the question that comes out of this book is:  do people feel important when they believe that  people with disabilities need them to do anything and everything?

psychotherapy and existence realism (selected papers on logo therapy) by Victor Frankel

This book is very interesting. It is very philosophical. It questions truth  and reality, but it also talks about what makes humans  humans.  To be a human being is not to be driven by instinct, but to be responsible.  Humans are instinctual, but they are also existential  and that’s what makes them different from animals.  

Man's search for meaning by Victor Frankel

This book suggests that all humans need to find meaning in their lives, otherwise they cannot live because they’d have nothing to live for.  It also states that  if humans have the ability to find meaning in their sufferance/pain, they’d never be negatively impacted by that pain or suffering.

the tears of humanity chapter1

Ava Olsen Capstone

My capstone was centered around the sport of ice hockey and the Ed Snider Youth Hockey Foundation. I have been playing hockey for five years, and it has become such a huge part of me that I couldn’t help but involve it in my senior project. I started volunteer co-coaching a 10u girl’s ice hockey team in September, and stayed with them for an entire season for a total of 24 total hours volunteered. I also ended up writing four articles and counting for the Ed Snider Youth Hockey Foundation, as well as a tribute to Mr. Snider, who passed away recently. It was an amazing experience to be able to show young girls how the dynamics and team building aspect of ice hockey work, and to use my writing skills to have articles published in a newsletter. It was a privilege and honor to get to work with such great people, and I am so happy that I was able to have that experience. I will never forget the people that were involved in making my senior project a success, and I hope to inspire those around me to do great things for the people in their lives that have done so much for them. The Ed Snider Youth Hockey Foundation has done everything I can possibly imagine for myself, so I am ecstatic that I was able to give back to that community.

Sean Morris Capstone

Screen Shot 2016-05-19 at 10.02.31 AM
Screen Shot 2016-05-19 at 10.02.31 AM

For my Capstone I worked on the preproduction process to be able to make a high quality short film. This project took many different forms as I edited and reworked it. From creating a TV pilot episode to trying to film this film, I decided instead to focus my capstone on the pre production aspects on making this film, in which the ultimate result would be that I am ready to start filming. Which I have thus far succeeded in! In fact I have already filmed some scenes, which will be reshot later, but certainly demonstrate some examples of how page changes to screen.

The bulk of this project and my work lies on the script that it all comes from, which was a more difficult process than I originally gave it credit for. Creating a storyline, characters and especially dialogue that you feel like most audience members would be able to listen and respond well too- are all very difficult things to do I found. Especially when the content of your script deals with a supernatural element as well.

I was able to learn a lot into the making of films and media creations, and how encompassing and difficult it must be when you're actually in the industry. From script writing to getting props and more it was an incredibly involved process. I have been able to get my movie at a good place and I hope you will all enjoy it when it comes out next year!!!

Link to Google Folder with my work: Sean’s Capstone

Link to Citations (also in folder): Citations


Kadija Koita Capstone


I know first hand what it was like to be in crucial need for blood, because when I was thirteen, I got malaria and was in Children`s Hospital of Philadelphia`s intensive care unit for two weeks on dialysis. My blood was also O negative, which is the universal blood type, but unfortunately only makes up 7% of the world's population, which made the process even more extensive for me.

Every two seconds someone is in need of blood. The average blood donation is three pints, which takes about 15 minutes for a volunteer to donate. A single car accident victim could need up to 100 pints of blood. I know some people had no idea of these facts, which is partly why I chose my capstone. I wanted to not only educate those who were not aware of this blood crisis, but also help, even if it only made a small difference, to alleviate the problem.

I decided to partner with the American Red Cross to host a blood drive. Building up to the drive, I publicized the event by teaming with Timothy Morgan, an American Red Cross blood drive manager to help spread the word, not only in our school, but in our community.

Below is the link to some of the blood drive photos. As well as descriptions.



  1. "Hosting a Blood Drive." American Red Cross. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.

This is about how you can sign up to be host for a blood drive. I didn`t know if you were supposed to go to the American Red Cross or if they came to your school. I now know how you can host a blood drive and be in partnership with American Red Cross. Prior to starting this capstone, I didn't know what steps I should have taken to start actually being a host for the blood drive, now I can move forward knowing. Before starting my capstone, I need to know the fundamentals of actually what my job is, this is why I looked up how to navigate a blood drive.

2. "American Red Cross Founded." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.

This website is basically about how the American Red Cross was founded. Before doing this project I didn't know when the American Red Cross came about, so that is why I looked it up. This will help me access how long ago it Red Cross went back. Also who were all the people that were involved from the beginning. This is intended to signify the importance of how the American red cross was made. I also think that intended audience is for mainly seniors or adult students. The website is clean and gives lots of information.

3. "Donate Blood." Donating Blood. 01 Jan. 1948. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

This website gives insight on what actually the blood facts are. They give you an understanding on how many people are eligible to give blood and how many people actually give blood. Prior to doing this research, I did not know the statistics and quick facts of giving blood. Also this would help me because I need to know the estimate of how many people will be attending in contrast with the statistics on how many people actually give blood. There are not any found authors, which is not good, but the website looks legitimate and the facts look exact as well.     

4. "Carter BloodCare." Carter BloodCare. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.carterbloodcare.info/>. This website illustrates the importance of O negative blood. It helps people insure that people with this type of blood can know why they really should donate. There are no authors which I think can be detrimental to the authenticity of the website, but people should still be able to trust it. Moving along my capstone, I want to be able to have an understanding of what a “universal donor” is so it will make people be more aggressive to donate. I need to make sure that I know every type of blood type, so that I know the kinds of people are more common to have each type of blood.

5. "Donor Preparation - LifeSource." LifeSource. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

This is an overview of what to drink and what to eat before donating blood. This site had lists about what you actually eat and what you shouldn`t. It had reasons on why it was important to not eat certain types of food. This website looks like it was made easier and simpler for people to follow and come up with. It also does not have a certain type of publisher, which is ok because they have explanations of why the put each thing in there. With other websites, they really don`t have explanations that go in depth like how this website deos.

6. "What Happens When You Give Blood." What Happens When You Give Blood. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

This source includes every procedure of giving blood. It goes into depth about what the interviewer will ask you and what they do prior to taking blood. This website is mostly geared to people that are first time blood donors and want to take precaution as to what is actually going to happen. Other websites just glimpsed over it and made it sound like you actually knew most  of the information prior to getting on the website.

7. After your donation. (n.d.). Retrieved February 05, 2016,

This gives you steps that you do to make sure you don't die when you give blood. It gives you ideas and facts about what to do when you have given your portion of blood. Some of them change when you have O Negative, because then you are able to give a double platelet blood which means you will have certain type of blood cells taken out and then it gives taken out. This will help me inform people that don`t know what type of blood they have and what their blood type means. This website was really helpful in making sure I know appropriate protocols for donors.

8. How Often Can You Donate Blood? (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from https://www.mskcc.org/about/get-involved/donating-blood/how-often-can-you-donate-blood

When many people try and donate blood, they often don`t know the number of times you can give blood in a specific time. Often many people think if they feel ok then they can just give blood.When looking at this site, the intended audience was for people that were older in age because it had more medical terms and words that were harder in reading level. This website looked very sleek and had a medical feel to it, like many college students go on this site. Many other sites dealt with other things and not really specifically what I had searched. So now I have knowledge on this and it will help me further my project progression.

9. Dowshen, S. (2015). What's Blood? Retrieved February 08, 2016, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/blood.html

This website grasped the attention of many people of a lower age. The website was very child-like and had a lot of pictures to illustrate what was being said. It also has a foundation as its contributors which I think will grasp the attention of many parents because it has a positive connotation. Also because the foundation may be a non-profit which means they are teaching this because of the goodness of their hearts. I did not find the people who produced or made this website which I could say is one of its flaws, but I think that this website was better than a lot of the websites that I looked up.

10. Frequently Asked Questions. (n.d.). Retrieved February 08, 2016, from http://www.donateblood.org/donate-blood/faq

This website is great! All the research that I had previously researched was all on this doc. It looked very good and sleek. It gave background on what is in your blood, how are you going to be treated if you feel sick after giving blood and things like that. This website was very helpful and made me have more knowledge about the things that I previously researched. Also the contributors were not applicable which can cause damage to the recognition, but not that much.

Mali Fenning Capstone


My capstone process was a journey. The beginning objective was to discover what modesty means to different women, and to see connections between religion and modern day dress in the female community. In order for me to truly understand what dressing modestly felt like, I had to make the project more personal. Therefore, for four months I covered my hair, arms, and legs. I kept a journal during this process, and jotted down short or sometimes long reflections and thoughts about my experience.

To understand modesty more, I started talking to different women who dressed modestly and I realized how modesty was different for each of them. The way they felt about modesty was different because of their particular identity and experience. No one person is the same, so of course everyone's journey is diverse. Through these conversations, I had a realization of how important personal identity is, but how often we overlook people's stories and just judge people by first glance. My capstones purpose is to go beyond the image that people create for themselves. A website was the best way for me to display many different interviews and my journal entries. There are three sections on the website; art, beliefs, and fashion. I felt as though, these three things form people's identity. I interviewed most people from the SLA community and a couple outside of school. The website shows many diverse beliefs, art forms, and styles. It also includes my journal entries from my fourth months and reflections.

My website: discoveringwe.weebly.com


Funches, Ron. "Ask a Grown Man: Ron Funches." RookieMag. RookieMag, 28 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.rookiemag.com/2016/01/ask-grown-man-ron-funches/>.

I used RookieMag a couple times for my research because the magazine is so interesting and diverse. Similar to website it is very diverse and has many topics on it. I used this specific video Ask a Grown Man: Ron Funches because I am filming some of my interviews and I wanted to see how they conducted their interviews. This resource was also inspiration for how I should set up the room and the type of questions I should ask during the interviews.  

Gilligan, Minna. "Bad Girl Painter: Olivia Moriarty." RookieMag. RookieMag, 08 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.rookiemag.com/2016/01/bad-girl-painter-olivia-moriarty/>.

This is another source I used from RookieMag, however this article was slightly more helpful since it had specific questions about art. On my website there is a section for art and I am interviewing different people, so this interview really helped me get some ideas about the certain questions I would want to ask. I have been getting a lot of inspiration from RookieMag due to it’s creativity and diversity.

Goodkind, Elisa, and Lily Mandelbaum. "About Us StyleLikeU." StyleLikeU. StyleLikeU, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://stylelikeu.com/about-us/>.

Originally my capstone was just going to be about modest fashion, and StyleLikeU was a big inspiration for me. The reason being, the website shows people who have amazing style but then digs even deeper to discover what the meaning is behind the person’s style. This website inspired me to go beyond beyond the image and to find the meaning of why people wear, create, and believe the things they do. The interviews are all videos and so I watched a lot of them to understand how I should edit the videos and if I should speak during the interviews. The StyleLikeU videos inspired me to make my interviews feel very comfortable and allow them to be as honest as they want, and I respond to what they at sometimes to make it more like a conversation so they don’t feel isolated or put on the spot.

KATEBI, HODA. "JOOJOO AZAD | جوجو آزاد: Fashion." JOOJOO AZAD | جوجو آزاد: Fashion. N.p., 2013. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.joojooazad.com/search/label/fashion>.

This source is a modest fashion blog created by Hoda Katebi. She is a Muslim woman who writes about modest and ethical fashion. When I was researching modest fashion is one of the bloggers that stood out to me because she is also a feminist. She exposed me to the complexity of modesty and the modest fashion world. On my website for the fashion section I quote her, “Screw society's standards of beauty. Wear whatever makes you personally happy and confident. Wear what defines you as a person, not hides you as an object.” This really resonated with me and how I wanted to represent the fashion section of my website. I want to go beyond the image of fashion and understand the meaning.

"Head Covering: An Inter-Religious Discussion." YouTube. YouTube, 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0kszkx7kHM>.

In Sophomore year I stumbled upon this video of an interfaith discussion about modesty. I still watch the video often to understand the different opinions and views on modesty in different religions. This source was very important for me to understand especially when I was dressing modestly for the first four months of my capstone. I used that research time to try to understand modesty and I different way of life better. Even though, I didn’t come to any sound conclusions on modesty I still learned a lot about personal identity. Also, I am glad I went through that four months of modesty to understand that there isn’t a linear conclusion to modesty and this video also shows how the views on modesty are very diverse.

Anne, Emilee. Emilee Anne. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.eaemileeanne.com/>.

Emilee Anne has a very unique and interesting point of view on fashion. I found this resource and I really enjoyed the post, and then I realized it was a great source for my website. The reason being, the layout is very interesting and well done. I have been using this fashion blog as a way to see how I would like my website to look like. I also have used some of my other sources in this way.

Khan, Nushmia. "What Does It Mean to Be Fashionably Modest?" The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 27 Apr. 2015. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.theatlantic.com/video/index/391583/what-does-it-mean-to-be-fashionably-modest/>.

This sources applies to my four months of modesty and also the modest fashion section of my website. I have a fashion section of my website, but I am making sure that I have a lot of modest women on the website so that they are properly represented. Some of the questions I have about modesty are posed in this video and they are questions that I would like to also ask some of the modest women I interview.

Winfrey, Oprah. "Full Episode: Oprah and Arianna Huffington on Her Big Wake-Up Call - SuperSoul.tv." SuperSoultv. N.p., 23 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.supersoul.tv/supersoul-sunday/full-episode-oprah-and-arianna-huffington-on-her-big-wake-up-call>.

SuperSoultv  is a tv program created by Oprah Winfrey. The program focuses on beliefs and spirituality. I have watched the show many times, and then realized that the questions she was asking greatly applied to the belief section of my capstone. I have interviewed three people for the belief section of my website. When I interviewed them I used some of the questions Oprah asks in the interviews she conducts on the tv program SuperSoul-Sunday.

"Alpha Industries Bomber Jacket, Midi Skirt & K3 Sandals in Harajuku." Tokyo Fashion News RSS. N.p., 20 Jan. 2016. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://tokyofashion.com/alpha-industries-bomber-midi-skirt-k3/>.

Tokyofashion is a resource that was shown to me by my sister. She showed it to me because it has a lot of street fashion interviews on the website. On the fashion section of my website I would like to eventually be able to interview anyone even on the street. This source was very helpful to see how they conduct these interviews and the type of questions they ask. They also list the interviewees social media, which I thought was very interesting and now I am thinking of also listing my interviewees social media. This was so interesting because this will for the person to gain more popularity and exposure. Many of the people I am interviewing are artists or have great fashion and they would like to network more, so creating the accessibility to their social media will be very beneficial.

Benaroya, Ana. Illustration Next. N.p.: Thames & Hudson, 2013. Print.

Illustration Next is a book that has many different art pieces in. Also, the book has interviews with different artist. All of the questions are the same however, which generated the idea that I would make different questions for each section but keep the questions the same for each particular section. This way you can say how people answer the questions differently and in their own way. It is also interesting to see how people interpret the questions differently. In Illustration Next the questions are very opened for interpretation, and so I made some of my questions open for interpretation as well.  

Ilker Erkut's Capstone

Abstract - 

When I was younger I played a lot of soccer.  It all started in fifth grade when I first started at Independence Charter School.  I played at recess everyday for four years.  I grew to have a passion for soccer.  The biggest thing I was missing while playing soccer was a personal coach.  When I went to team practices I never felt that I was learning enough to play in high school.  I honestly think that if I had a personal coach, I would have been a lot more ready for competitive varsity soccer.   I went back to Independence Charter School so that I could give kids the opportunity I wish I had.  I taught a small group of third graders very useful skills that they can continue to practice to become better than I was at their age.  I enjoyed giving back to the community/my old school.  My program got kids active and got kids enjoying soccer so much, they practice when they are at home.  
Below, I have my annotated bibliography and below that I have a presentation of my experience teaching.  This presentation explains my process getting ready for the program, what I taught each week and how each individual kid improved over the course of six weeks.  I also touched upon the five core values, as required.  I ended it with a few of my favorite pictures, a video and some acknowledgements.  I enjoyed this project and hope that others do as well. 

Annotated Bibliography - 


"Independence Charter School." Independence Charter School. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.independencecharter.org/>.

This is my old school’s link. I looked at this website to get a feel for their environment and the after school activities that they have.  I will be working there for 8 weeks and therefore I needed some background info.  I learned a lot from this site and I  liked all the things that have changed from my old school.  I cannot wait to work at my school Independence Charter School.


Brown, Chris. "Coaching Kids Soccer, How to Make Soccer Practice and Game Day Dynamic and Fun." Www.coaching-kids-soccer.com. Chris Brown, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.

This website is my first link to help me start my class.  I got a lot of info from this such as game plans and what I am going to teach.  I also needed a way to positively influence the children and help them enjoy the club.  This website is quite reliable and gave me more info than most. The website was created by a father who coaches his son's team.


Huddleston, David, and Kay Huddleston. "How to Teach Soccer Dribbling to Kids - Amazing Results Fast." How to Teach Soccer Dribbling to Kids - Amazing Results Fast. Kay Huddleston, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://soccerhelp.com/Soccer_Dribbling.shtml>.

This sight was for the specifics for my curriculum.  I need to have a lot of different drills for my students.  If I do not have a lot of drills to show the kids my after school activity will not work.  I plan to have a total of 10 to 20 drills that I rotate around so that they learn things and continue to learn things throughout the weeks.  


Eaton, Bill. "Coaching Soccer 101 - Soccer Coaching and Youth Soccer Drills." Soccer Rules. Bill Eaton, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.coachingsoccer101.com/rules.htm>.

I looked up the rules of soccer so that if the kids have questions I can give them specific rules and not mislead them in any way.  THis will also help them in the future against refs and coaches.  This was not as important but I also know that my knowledge on soccer is as far as I have experienced it in a game.  This is why I chose this link.


N.p., n.d. Web. <http://hubpages.com/sports/Soccer-Rules-for-Beginners>.

This was another soccer rules site so that I could have some more insight.  I looked up the rules of soccer so that if the kids have questions I can give them specific rules and not mislead them in any way.  THis will also help them in the future against refs and coaches.  This was not as important but I also know that my knowledge on soccer is as far as I have experienced it in a game.  This is why I chose this link.


"The National Soccer Coaches Association of America." Fundamentals of Coaching Soccer : NSCAA Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://www.nscaa.com/education/resources/fundamentals>.

I have a lot more links on how to coach, ranging from fathers to youth team coaches and even some professional coaches.  THe point of this is to get a lot of opinions on coaching.  When I was young I wish I had someone who could teach me soccer the right way from the beginning so that I would not be behind when I played with others.  This is why I have this link.  


"Seven Tips for Practicing Positive Discipline." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.pbs.org/parents/talkingwithkids/positive_discipline_tips.html>.

This source is very reliable.  It is both PBS and a .org source.  THis source was for guidance in making kids feel good about what they are doing.  This is very important because if kids do not feel comfortable then they will grow up afraid to express themselves in soccer.  That is a very hard way to play soccer because there will always be times when it is necessary.  


Nutters, Holly Fulghum, Pat Jarvis, and Leslie Shelton. "Smart Ways to Teach Your Child!" Smart Ways to Teach Your Child! N.p., 1994. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://literacynet.org/parents/>.

This source was more general.  I wanted to know how parents wanted their children to be taught.  Not specifically about anything.  I found that it is very similar to the source above in that they want there to be a lot of positive energy and that the kids should be able to express themselves.  This is why I chose this link.  


Bean, Sara. "Child Behavior: How to Teach Your Child to Behave." Empowering Parents. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://www.empoweringparents.com/article/why-consequences-arent-enough-part-1-how-to-coach-your-child-to-better-behavior/>.

THis link was to understand how parents want their children reprimanded or punished.  It was very interesting as I find that parents like the teachers to be very upfront with how they feel  No physical altercations should be necessary.  If it gets physical with 2 students then being physical is okay.  This is why I chose this link.   


"Best Age to Start Playing Soccer." Youthletic. Youthletic Staff, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://www.youthletic.com/cincinnati-oh/articles/best-age-to-start-playing-soccer/>.

THis was the most interesting link because it is said that kids should start learning soccer around the age of 4.  That is really young.  The kids will not really learn anything till they are at least 6.  My audience will be 3rd and 4th graders.  But I believe with good coaching I could get them to the place they should be if they started when they were 4.  I hope my idea works.  This is why I chose this website.  

Kevin Courtney Capstone

For my Capstone I wanted to focus on what is it like to coach a baseball team. I wanted to understand the basics of it. For example come up/make drills for practices, workout routines, making lineup cards for games, and record games in the book. Since I had elbow surgery over the past summer I wanted to find a way to still be part of the baseball program at SLA. My mentor was able to let me coach throughout the fall, winter, and a little bit of the spring. I didn’t coach as much in spring because that was when I returned to action.  

I was able to coach a few games in the fall when my mentor was unable to attend. It was a success and I had a winning recorded. I had two wins and one lost. During the winter of my recovery I had the opportunity to take over the winter weight lifting workouts. My goal was to make sure the team avoids injury and that was a success. Spring finally arrives and the doctor has cleared me to go back into action. Now I started to think what can be my final product for this project and I’ve decided to make a website based off the current season. The website has player analysis and statistics from the season. It also has all of the articles included that my mentor wrote from the season if no one has seen it. I hope everyone enjoys the website!

Website link:


Jordan Meriwether Capstone


Hello, my name is Jordan Prince Meriwether. I am a senior student at Science Leadership Academy and eventually hope to move into a career involving Environmental Science. My final school year was full of new responsibilities and work, but the biggest project was the Capstone. Throughout this school year we were given the major task of creating a project that both reflects ourselves and the core Values of SLA, them being inquiry, research, collaboration, presentation, and reflection. My personal interests, as stated, revolved around the environment, but I needed to get more particular. Before this project, I was an intern for the Fairmount Water Works and developed an interest in water quality, so I decided to focus on that over the course of this project. I had also partnered myself with the Water Works throughout this project and they would consistently be by my side ready to help me comprehend information, while supplying me with the tools I needed. Currently a pH kit is the best you’ll get when it comes to determining water quality, the problem is they are too subjective making them unreliable. Therefore, I believed the best way was to understand water quality is to look at the organisms that live in it, if they can not survive in their own environment what makes you think you can survive ingesting it? So my project was based on the variance between diatoms across multiple varied pH environments. I would take samples and see how they compared.

My project: http://jprince2u.wix.com/diatoms


  • Busch, David E.. “The Patchiness of Diatom Distribution in a Desert Stream”. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 14.2 (1979): 43–46. Web.


This states a specific instance where the diatoms were used in a project. The scientists look for a correlation between diatoms and the patchiness of a lake in a desert. The idea is perhaps the microorganisms grow under certain circumstances. Personally, I feel this site is the most advanced in terms of vocabulary and outside references. I do not know a lot of the information involved in this project mainly due to it talking about other microorganisms, but still much of it is still understandable. Overall, this paper is harder, but it does still reference a few known pieces of information and even some interesting new information.

  • Crangle, Robert D., Jr. "Diatomite Statistics and Information." USGS Minerals Information: Diatomite. U.S. Geological Survey, 2 Feb. 2016. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.<http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/diatomite/>


This site gives a brief overview on the stone Diatomite, which is a stone made up of the dead remains of diatoms. They go over the structure and texture of it. I used the site for information of what diatomite is used for. It has been used for filtering, padding, and many other applications. The reason this site was chosen is do the the simple information given, it makes sure to given only the essentials. Which is all I need. If it went too in depth I would get lost in the information. Overall, this site gives a good explanation for diatomite.

  • Conger, Paul S.. “Diatoms”. The Scientific Monthly 73.5 (1951): 315–323. Web.


This paper is quite detailed in its analysis of how diatoms work.While appearing to be long, it actually is easy to understand and goes deeper into themes seen on other sites. It goes over the abundance of these creature, explaining how they are built to survive everywhere. They even touch on some of the darker aspects to diatoms, their ability to kill fish and over produce in water are both discussed. Even other theories are brought up throughout the paper giving more insight into the world of diatoms. Overall, the site adds so much to the my already vast information. Giving deeper insight than ever before.

  • DeColibus, D. "Tabellaria flocculosa." In Diatoms of the United States. 2013. Web. 16 May. 2016, from <http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/tabellaria_flocculosa>


Maria Potapova sent me to this site when I was studying the different types of diatoms I found in my samples. This type of diatoms was found in the sample and nd through the site I was able to learn more about the creature and how it works in its environment. The formation of these creatures may vary as you see them while some to look normal in their straight line formation some hold more of a disconnected square appearance.

  • Gross, Michael. "Diatom Evolution a Mystery." CEH Diatom Evolution a Mystery Comments. Master Plan Association, 11 Aug. 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://crev.info/2012/08/diatom-evolution-a-mystery/>


This site details the work of Michael Gross, who has studied the mysterious world of diatom evolution. The man state that they might have developed from endosymbionts, but even so how they grew into what they currently are is unknown. Their distribution is easier to explain though, do to their ability develop in any where there is water and sunlight they could spread quite easy. From their he also explains different advantages of their silica shells, most of which have to do with their internal organs. The site basically states that though their are so many of these creature little is known about them or where they came from. Still though they have a powerful effect on our ecosystem and everything around it.

  • Harvey, Anne. Personal discussion. 3 February, 2016.


Anne Harvey is one of researchers at the Fairmount Water Works, as well as has been my mentor during the duration of this project. She has lead me to meet multiple outside sources as well has given me her personal information. Without her I would not know what a diatom is, let alone complete this project. Her outside resources also allowed me to be able to be able to connected with many knowledgeable and helpful individuals. She is a source mainly do to her help with finding and helping me understand many points of information throughout this project. She was pinical to the completion of this project.

  • Hines, Sandra. "Tiny Diatom Has Global Environmental Impact." UW Today. University of Washington, 7 Oct. 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.washington.edu/news/2004/10/07/tiny-diatom-has-global-environmental-impact/>


This site speaks on the overall effects diatoms can have on the rest of the world. It details how they can do so much even though they are so small. They have a strong impact the carbon cycle in on the world. As well they control the the production of nitrogen as well. Their effects are imperative to the progression of most gases throughout the world. This site really gets into how important these creatures are to our environment. They even touch on genetics, implying that these creature vary greatly in how the aspects that they have. Intern, not only can this site be used for showing their impact of gases in the air, it also shows genetic changes for these diatoms.

  • Mikkelsen, Naja. “Silica Dissolution and Overgrowth of Fossil Diatoms”. Micropaleontology 23.2 (1977): 223–226. Web


This site has a focus on the silica of diatoms, primarily how they change. They note both how the shell can grow out or break down. They also go further and discuss the environments around them, mainly the salt and fresh water. They state how as the shells dissolve almost completely in the ocean and either turn to rocks on the ocean floor or dissolve into water. The most interesting part, structurally speaking, is how they left many references, I could use them for more sources if necessary. Overall, I think this source is very informative on the topic of silica, I will be able to go more indepth than anywhere else.

  • Potapova, M. "Achnanthidium minutissimum." In Diatoms of the United States. 2009. Web. 19 May. 2016. <http://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/taxa/species/Achnanthidium_minutissimum>


This was a site recommended to me by a Maria Potapova who was helping me to identify diatoms. We noticed a solid amount of these creatures clustered around algae and debris in the water. Looking over the site I had leader about how these creatures are build much differently than the average diatom being smaller in length. This site allows me understand how this organism both effects the environment and they are effected by the world around them.

  • Spaulding, Sarah A. "What Are Diatoms?" Westerndiatoms.colorado.edu. Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, n.d. Web. 3 Feb. 2016. <https://westerndiatoms.colorado.edu/about/what_are_diatoms>


This site details the basic world of diatoms. Intern they are able to give great insight on how the world works in general.  They explain basic structure, environment, classification, and even physiology of diatoms and how they work as microorganisms. They do not just limit themselves to organism’s functions; they also go into the history about their changes throughout life.  From their vegetative division to them dying and leaving behind their shells this site has it all. Finally, this has greater pictures of varying diatoms. Overall, this site gives good general information to compare to others I find for validity.

  • Stevenson, R. Jan et al.. “Development of Diatom Indicators of Ecological Conditions for Streams of the Western US”. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27.4 (2008): 1000–1016. Web.


When I first read this paper I believed that it was a simple overview once again, but I found that the it held a very strong effect from showing the applications of diatoms. Many of the past and present uses for diatoms can be seen in this paper and it is really well made. It can also be connected to other sites in its explanation of how the environment is affected by diatoms. Overall, I will use this site to explain the different implications and applications diatoms have on the world, as well, I will connect it to the rest of the other site on the environment.

  • Simons, Paul. "Cool Aid Aquatic Test." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited, 5 Feb. 2003. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <https://www.theguardian.com/science/2003/feb/06/research.science>


This site once again overviews diatoms, but it goes mildly deeper than the previous sites. They go over their effects, uses and even evolution; the difference seems to be they focus on their shells. They go into detail how the main point of the shell’s glass appearance is to let in more photosynthetic light, as well this adaption, while not entirely unique, shows very specific qualities through their species. Overall, the reason I had chosen this site is its ability to convey information about a particular aspect of diatoms, but still show more widely varied aspects of these little creature.

  • Weckström, Jan, Atte Korhola, and Tom Blom. "Diatoms as Quantitative Indicators of PH and Water Temperature in Subarctic Fennoscandian Lakes." Rctic Fennoscandian Lakes. Springer International Publishing AG, Mar. 1997. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1003091923476>


This details a paper written by a few scientist on the idea of how diatoms affecting pH. This is kind of the exact opposite of what my project is, given I wanted to find how pH affects diatoms. To see the exact opposite make me question which one actually affects the other. I personally have seen change in my diatoms, intern I question how they know this experiment is valid. Other than that, I do see potential in its explanation on how diatoms change the pH. Overall, I can see a lot of interesting questions coming out of reading that and explaining it to fellow skeptics.

Felix d'Hermillon Capstone

My name is Felix d’Hermillon, and for the last eight months I have been working on a project to give back to the community somehow. For a while I wanted to record an album that I would be able to post on icloud but It didn’t really feel right. After watching Back to the Future, a specific scene from the movie caught my eye. The scene where Marty McFly plays the gig at prom, and I realized how relatable that scene was to the scenario that I am in, considering I would be having prom soon. My final project that I decided to go with was a musical performance at prom. The requirements of the capstone project were to give back to the community in some way, and I think that music is one of the best ways that you can relate with somebody and everybody enjoys some type of music especially if they’re at a prom! I managed to scrape a band together and here we are! I have learned what it’s like to get a show together.


Dejanyia Johnson Capstone

Over the course of my life, I have been surrounded by role models that came in different forms. Whether they were good or bad, I’ve always had somebody show me what to do and what not to do. However, I know that some people may not feel like they have had those type of examples in their life. That’s why when senior year came around and Capstones were introduced to us, I knew exactly what I wanted to do; mentoring. Being a mentor is something that I’ve always wanted to do, so I knew that my Capstone was my opportunity to do so.

At the beginning of the year, I wanted my mentor program to be a school wide thing. However as time went on, I came to realize that was too much to pull of for one person, so I downsized my project to a smaller scale. I started to mentor a freshmen one on one. But that wasn’t my final product. One of my friends had a Capstone and she wanted my mentoring to be included in hers. As a result, we paired the advisories up together to talk about things like college, goals, and things to keep each other on the right track. Although we didn’t get to do as many meetings as I would have liked, it was still a success.

Super Freakonomics Podcast Part 2 - Ava Olsen and Michelle Friedman

In the second installment of our podcast series about Superfreakonomics we discussed the first chapter, How Is a Street Prostitute Like a Department-Store Santa?, and the second chapter, Why Should Suicide Bombers Buy Life Insurance?. Though the two chapters covered a plethora of questions, studies, and data, we chose to discuss only a few of the topics that were the most interesting to us. We talked about the significant wage gap between equally qualified, professional men and women. Then, we investigated the critical emergency room procedures that make for the best and worst patient outcomes. Chapter two also showed us that doctor review criteria can be extremely flawed and ought to be taken with a grain of sand when choosing your doctor. Overall, these two chapters showed us a lot of new numbers on interesting subjects and we’ve learned to always investigate the nuances that can affect data results.

Kevin Horton Capstone

My capstone is a collection of writing from over the years. I have shown my growth by ordering my writing from oldest to newest. I also have included a sample monologue. While I haven't done a huge writing-based project, I have grown continuously from 9th grade to 12th Grade, and I will continue to excel my skills. The process was very rigorous, and by no means, easy. I have spent hours after hours looking through my archives of quality writing, and I have various pieces to show my growth.

Below Is a piece of writing I did during my 11th Grade year.

Spectacular Now Monologue- March 2015

Have you ever felt you might just be the biggest joke ever? Like you want to be rich, famous and remembered for something great but all you can do is hang up shirts and get paid and be known for being an alcoholic? Well I’ve been there many times before. Like, more than I can count. Well, on my hands at least. Never have I cared about anything but downing my daily alcohol, seeing my girlfriend,  and partying with Ricky, who was my wingman. I also find myself staring at my feet when walking. It's weird. Whatever. Anyway, I thought i was on the right track when I thought that me and my now ex girlfriend was gonna move to St Louis while she chases her dreams through college. I was about to, but once I met my father, then it hit me. I'm suppose to be a drunken failure with social smarts. So here I go, cutting my co-supportive relationship with someone who mattered the most, pushing my family away because my mom refuses to get a new job and my sister is just another bratty sibling. Of Course, school didn't work out so i got one less burden on my back. But here I am ready to disappear. My name, is Sutter Keely. I'm from Oklahoma City, and I'm living the spectacular now.

<Tharp, Tim. The Spectacular Now. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008. Print.>

Tobi Hahn Capstone

This year, I made a game called Swat Team with my best friends August and Josh. I believe that we were successful. Our goal was to create a game that looked nice and that we were proud of. Additionally, we wanted the game to be fun. I believe we were successful in all parts. We started the game last year, but since making it our capstone we have revamped all aspects of the game. August redid the art. I completely rewrote the menu system and much of the gameplay. Josh made a lot of new music! We showed the game at Philly Tech Week to a huge audience. People young and old were filled with glee when they played Swat Team. We're excited to show you our work!

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c5e4jdBVhftXQzvcaiBk0YCibCLC8tufUdk6ThDRkKo/edit?usp=sharing
PLAY GAME: http://paisleygames.itch.io/swat-team

Mia Weathers-Fowler Capstone

Since the end of junior year I have been really intrigued by the way that high school and teenagers are portrayed in media, especially in movies with teens as the target audience. Last year when I saw DUFF, a teen movie about the Designated Ugly Fat Friend, I decided to make my capstone about the realities of high school, specifically for senior year. In the beginning I set out to make a documentary style film. That idea has since changed to a scripted short film, but the core ideas are still the same. I wanted to explore the key themes of senior year that never get talked about in the movies; stress, relationships, friendships, and saying goodbye. Senior year is hard. In real life friendships sometimes fall apart, relationships have to come to an end as we all part for college, and the immense stress to get into college and start living your own life is almost crippling. I have attached a collection of the videos and interviews I originally collected for the documentary as they will still appear in the final product. I also attached the screenplay of the short film (I'm still putting the final editing touches on it). This year I had the pleasure of working with Philly filmmakers and actors to try to make my vision come true. Hopefully my film can paint a brief picture of some of the real hurdles and joys students will face during senior year!

Annotated Bibliography: 


Wilson Biggs Capstone


Coming up with a capstone was fairly easily. It was practically handed right to me. My friend Nebil told me that Zack was planning to do a house band" for his capstone. I saw this as the perfect oppurtunity - I would work with his band to get a few songs recorded and published onto CD for my capstone! Zack assented, so we began!

Over the course of the year, me and Zack's band, which, in the end, included Nebil Ibrahim (senior, bass), Kia DaSilva (junior, piano + vocals), and Adnan (senior, guitar; used to go to SLA), worked together to practice three songs to being able to record them. It really helped to have a stepfather, Ted, who runs his own recording studio, that could be my mentor and give me a space to use.

Once we had the songs down, we spent two evenings at Ted's recording studio recording the songs. He guided us through the recording process, leaving me with studio quality tracks for me to mix. Then, through May, I mixed the three songs, using tips from Ted and the band and guides I found online to help me get a good end result. I then used Kunaki to publish the album to CD. But the process is ongoing! We are planning to tag along to the end of the Music Club concert and sell CDs! All of the profits from the CDs are going to SLA to help them get new equipment for the music room.


Annotated Bibliography

Audio Animals Ltd. "How To Pan Live Drums Tutorial." Audio Animals. Audio Animals Ltd., 5 Apr. 2014. Web.

While this source isn’t the most polished and professional looking visually, the content is what counts. The graphics in the tutorial were immensely helpful, as they gave me a starting point for panning the drums in the songs, which helped them sound much more realistic and less cramped. I referenced it constantly when mixing the drums in the tracks.

This source is quite credible, as it was written by a group that runs not only the website it was posted on, but also a mixing and mastering house, recording studio, and record label. That shows how much experience with the subject the writers had when writing the tutorial.

"Mixing Top and Bottom Snare." /r/AudioEngineering. Reddit, 10 Apr. 2015. Web.

This source is a conglomeration of answers to a user’s question about mixing snare drums that have been recorded in two tracks: a top snare and a bottom snare. This is how the snare was recorded for our songs as well, and I was unsure what to do with them, so this helped a lot. There were a lot of ideas expressed in the responses, which gave me some ideas of my own. I ended up muting the bottom snare on all of the tracks, as it sounded better without it, but without the response by “aderra”, I would never have thought of just doing that.

This source is probably the least credible of all of my sources, as it is an open forum, but it is still credible, as there are many responses by professionals in the industry with experience with this subject.

Bandcamp. "Bandcamp for Artists." Bandcamp. Bandcamp, n.d. Web.

This source explained how I could use Bandcamp to host the album digitally and allow people to listen to it and download it whenever they pleased. I decided to use the site after reading this, and it has been very easy to use because of it. It also provided general information on how payment works on the site.

It is written by the site about the site. It’s as credible as can be.

Benediktsson, Björgvin. "A Powerful ‘n’ Punchy Guide to Mixing Your Drums." Audio Issues. Audio Issues, n.d. Web.

This source helped me immensely with mixing my drums, as I wasn’t sure how to make them sound at all decent when I first began to mix the songs. The kick drum sounded dull, things were kinda all over the place, and it sounded like crap. This guide really helped me fix these issues; I now know how to make the kick and toms sound punchy, and how to use compressors when mixing drums. It also helped me mix everything else, as I wasn’t sure how to use compressors beforehand, but it described them well enough that I knew how to use them for the rest of the song.

This source is credible as the author writes these articles professionally for amateur producers in home studios; I am part of that demographic. The website has also been mentioned in a number of professional music publications, which lends it more credibility.

Benediktsson, Björgvin. "7 Advanced Guitar Mixing Techniques for an Amazing Guitar Production." Audio Issues. Audio Issues, n.d. Web.

This source helped me a lot with mixing the guitars, played by Adnan throughout the EP. I had a hard time with them sounding very harsh and clashing a lot with the piano and vocals. While panning helped this somewhat, there were still problems. This article gave me a few ideas for improving the guitar mixing; the EQing at 800hz was immensely helpful, as was EQing the reverb.

This source is the same as the one directly above: “This source is credible as the author writes these articles professionally for amateur producers in home studios; I am part of that demographic. The website has also been mentioned in a number of professional music publications, which lends it more credibility.”

Fredv. "EQ Tips Cheat Sheet." Cheatography. Added Bytes Magento Development, 15 Nov. 2011. Web.

This source was incredibly helpful and useful. I wasn’t sure where to start or how to EQ tracks before I read this source, but reading it really helped. I used it as a reference for much of my mixing, allowing me to have a better sounding mix than I would have otherwise. It also helped me solve problems I was having with some of the tracks.

This was a very credible source as the writer was an audio professional and music enthusiast. It was also commented on by many amateurs and professionals alike for how helpful and accurate it was. It’s been given a 5 star average rating based on 19 people’s ratings, which is also a sign of how credible a source it is.

Gugulethu. "Advice On Mixing Piano Sounds." TalkinMusic. TalkinMusic.com, n.d. Web.

This source helped me mix the pianos on the album. Much of the EP focused on the piano, so it was important to make it sound as good as possible. I was having problems making the piano sound realistic and not cheap, and this source allowed me to fix that problem. It goes in depth, which is helpful as well.

This source is quite credible as the author is an audio professional; he writes articles like this all the time as well. His site is used very often by home producers for tips as well. These facts lend to its credibility.

Kunaki. "Kunaki Distribution Capabilities." Kunaki. Kunaki, n.d. Web.

Kunaki is a music publishing service that allows you to sell CDs cheaply. I have read about this service before and this page on the site described how it works and convinced me to use it. CDs can be bought in bulk from the site, as well, which is the plan for selling physical CDs; we will buy a number of CDs and sell them at a higher price to generate profit for SLA to use.

This source is credible as it is written by the company about the company. How much more credible than that can you get?

PSW Staff. "Tech Tip Of The Day: Using EQ To Conquer Hum - Pro Sound Web." ProSoundWeb. ProSoundWeb.com, 29 Sept. 2010. Web.

I was having problems with some hum in the bass tracks, which was noticeable after compression and effects were added to the drums. It was a bit annoying, and I needed a way to at least quiet the hum down. This source helped with that, as it outlined the best ways to remove the hum from the track.

This source is credible as it was published on a website catered specifically to audio professionals and was written by audio professionals. It was also “provided by” (read: the website received money from) Sweetwater, a professional audio company that is very well respected.

White, Paul. "Improving Your Stereo Mixing." Sound On Sound. SOS Publications Group, Oct. 2000. Web.

This source is about panning and using stereo to your advantage when mixing tracks. This helped me mix the album and pan more than just the drums well. I used panning very often on the album because of this, allowing me to separate sounds that would clash otherwise. It also makes the track sound wider and more realistic.

This source is very, very credible. It was originally published in Sound On Sound magazine in October 2000. Sound On Sound is a professional audio magazine that has been around for many years and is followed by many professionals. It is highly touted within the music production industry for its in depth articles.