Martez Card and Taylor Thomas


8 tablespoons butter

1 cup finely chopped onion

6 tablespoons of flour

3 cups of hot milk

3 cups of grated sharp cheddar

4 heads of broccoli cut into 4 inch pieces quickly steamed

3 cups crushed butter crackers


Preheat the oven to 350 degrees F

Melt 4 tablespoons of butter in the middle of your saucepan over medium high heat.

Add onions and cook until translucent for about 4 minutes.

Stir in the flour and stir to coat the onions.

Then cook for 2 minutes.

Remove from the heat.

Whisk in hot milk.

Return to heat and then begin to bring to a simmer

Stir in the cheese by the handful.

Add broccoli to the cheese.

Pour into buttered casserole dish.

Melt the remaining butter in a small skillet

Stir in cracker crumbs

Cover the broccoli casserole with the buttered cracker crumbs

Bake until bubbly and lightly browned so for about 20-25 minutes

Recipe Analysis:

For the dish that we made there is a good balance between processed and whole foods. The butter, flour and crackers are processed and the cheese, broccoli and onions are whole foods. This casserole is definitely not awful for you but it’s not something that you should eat everyday. There is a large amount of butter in it and the cheese can make your cholesterol go up. the broccoli would be a good thing to eat everyday because it is a green and it good for your body. The milk in it would be a good source of calcium and Vitamin D, but if you are lactose intolerant it would be a bad way to go. The food that we used cost a lot of money to make for this many people. The total cost of all of the ingredients was about $50. Obviously it would be way cheaper to just go to a fast food place and have it cost three dollars for a burger and not wait an hour for the meal to be finished. However the companies that made each ingredient made money off of what we bought for the meal.


My role in the larger food system is to eat healthy and help others eat healthy and exercise. Also my part is to buy and eat food. I know that I could eat a little bit healthier but at the same time I know that I am average weight and height. I am not obese like others in the country. I can really see why people want everyone to eat right and be healthy not only for weight issues and health problems but for animal cruelty also. I think that this is the biggest problem with our food systems. People want to stop the way animals are fed and killed so that people can eat the meat but there are also people who study and have careers about farming and helping people. Some things that I could do to change my eating habits are that I can change a coke for a water or a candy bar for an apple. The impacts of me making these changes are that my body would be healthier and I wouldn't intake as much sugar.


Food Project

Mashed Potatoes:




- 1 1/2 lbs Russet Potatoes

- 1/2 teaspoon of garlic salt 

- 2 tablespoons of butter

- 1 tablespoon of milk (We'll be using almond milk)

- (Optional) Heavy whipping cream




1: Put potatoes into a saucepan. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt. 



2: Add water until potatoes are covered. Bring to boil. Check to see if the potatoes are soft, normally in 15 minutes.


3: Warm cream and melt butter, together, either in microwave or in a pan on the stove. 


4: Drain water from potatoes. Put hot potatoes into a bowl. Add cream and melted butter. 


5: MASH POTATOES (Preferably with a masher or a spoon for a smooth creamy look)


6: If there isn't much flavor in the potatoes, try to add more salt or butter


Health/nutrition: This product has had many modifications for quickly making potatoes, but with natural ingredients, your body can get enough energy from it. They provide the natural amount of starches and salts that the body needs in one serving.

- Calories ≈ 80

- Sodium ≈ 200mg

- Carbs ≈ 15

- Sugars ≤ 2

- Vitamin C, and B6, potassium and fibers are in the meal

Organic-ness ≈ 86%


The Russet Potatoes have been obtained from Idaho, which is about 2,444.8 Miles away from Philadelphia. The potatoes are possibly the product that traveled the farthest, since America does have some butter making factories nearby, and the Almond Milk, made by Blue Diamond, is in Delaware. On their site, the explained that they have grown these potatoes with the highest quality. They're naturally grown without any chemicals or modifications inserted into them. The starches, sodium, and other important products in this meal are transferred into the fatty cells in your body, giving you energy to commence cellular respiration. Eating too much mashed potatoes can give you health problem, like diabetes or dehydration, since too much salt in the system can cause that, but that would only be if you ate mashed potatoes for a really long time. Otherwise, I wouldn't recommend eating this forever.


Generally, mashed potatoes costs about 9.99$. Compared to the potatoes they serve in a restaurant, alone, mashed potatoes are a little bit cheaper, costing about 1.99$. The natural ingredients are regulated by the USDA. The Idaho Potatoes, are both regulated by the USDA and the Idaho Potato Commission (IPC). 


Mashed potatoes have had a long history, starting in 1771, originating from a French man trying to figure out how he could make potatoes. Making mashed potatoes with original ingredients certainly can give people a very nice nutritional meal. Sadly, there have been different, faster methods of making mashed potatoes over time. The faster mashed potatoes have the spices already in them, preserved with much more different chemicals that we cannot pronounce. Compared to the 'quick potatoes', the natural potatoes don't have those added preservations, therefore, they're much more safer and more natural to eat.


"Frequently Asked Questions." Idaho Potato Commission. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <>.


"Metric Martyrs." Metric Martyrs RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <>.


"Your Health." Blue Diamond Growers :. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <>.


"Simply Recipes Food and Cooking Blog." Simply Recipes. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014. <>.

West of Memphis


When crisis strikes, when something so horrifying happens that we can’t even think about it, often times any explanation for it can make us feel better.  In Amy Berg’s 2012 documentary West of Memphis, we saw the story of the “West Memphis Three” from start to finish, including the police work done during the case and trials.  No matter how you approach the documentary, there is no avoiding the corruption of some of the people involved in the case.  Humans inevitably fear and avoid ambiguity and uncertainty, and this fear is significantly heightened in times of crisis and stress.  When people are afraid, angry, or out of their element, they can be made to believe things that they might not otherwise.  

On the evening of May 5th, 1993, three eight-year-old boys went to ride their bikes, promising to be home by 5:00.  Mark Byers, one of the boys’ stepfather, called the police at 7:00, very worried about the boys’ whereabouts.  Police started searching, and the search became more and more thorough, until on May 6th, at 1:45 pm, the bodies of Stevie Edward Branch, Christopher Mark Byers, and James Michael Moore were found in a drainage ditch nearby.  The last time anyone saw them was at 6:30 on May 5th.  

In the days and weeks following the murders, people in West Memphis and in the news started to speculate, coming up with several explanations for who could have done it, and what their reason could have possibly been.  However, there was one story that really stood out, and also made people feel better, thinking that no normal person could possibly do such a thing.  The one story that really stuck was that the murders had a strong connection to satanic cult rituals.  During the 80s and 90s, many teens became part of the Goth subculture, dressing in dark colors and listening to metal music.  Much like rock ‘n’ roll in the 1950s, and rap in the 1990s, metal music and goth culture frightened people who were considered “normal.”  In an article published in August 1993 about the connection between “gangsta rap” and real-life violence, Dr. C. DeLores Tucker said, “...gangsta rap encourages vulnerable youngsters to commit horrible acts of violence," just based off of two incidents.  For decades, adults in authority have been extremely afraid and insecure about music’s effect on “youngsters”.  

Damien Echols was known by people in his neighborhood as a high school dropout, strange, unpersonable, and antisocial.  Jason Baldwin was a fairly close friend of Damien’s.  They both listened to metal, and Baldwin is even wearing a Metallica shirt in his mugshot.  The third boy in the West Memphis Three was Jessie Misskelley, Jr.–a boy who lived in a trailer park with his father, and whose IQ was 70 or lower.  However, while many people think the three boys were arrested as a result of them all being friends, Misskelley didn’t really know Jason, and only knew a little bit about Damien.  People who knew Jason Baldwin said he was very quiet and easygoing, and they couldn’t even imagine him doing anything like the murder.  Jessie was known as a bit violent, and people thought he was “slow”.

When the West Memphis Three were first arrested, there were people from the neighborhood outside the courthouse yelling “Shoot them!”, “Baby killers!”, and “Devil Worshipers!” When one teen boy from the area was being interviewed by a newscaster, he said, “I was surprised about Jason Baldwin because he’s the quiet one of them all, but...I wasn’t surprised about Jessie Misskelley and...Damien Echols.  ‘Cause I just expected that from them sooner or later.”  Without much evidence or information, people were perfectly content with believing that the three teens committed the murders.  When asked, “On a scale of one to ten, how solid do you think the case is now?” Chief Inspector Gary Gitchell simply responded, “Eleven,” even though the only large piece of evidence they were going off of at the time was Jessie Misskelley’s “confession”.  

The West Memphis and state police conducted a series of interrogations, and asked a number of people questions about the boys in court.  Many people who went to school with Baldwin and Misskelley claimed that they had heard about Baldwin and Echols killing cats and dogs as satanic rituals, and one girl said Echols had invited her to a “satanic cult meeting,” even though people who knew Baldwin and Echols extremely well (family, girlfriends, etc.) said that they never did anything related to the occult.  The police paid no attention to the claims of those close to the boys, but fully believed the claim of Michael Carson, a then 16-year-old juvenile delinquent on several drugs, that Jason Baldwin had told him all about murdering the boys.  

When Echols, Baldwin and Misskelley were finally “freed” (but not exonerated), it seems that no one paid attention to or talked about the authorities and officials that wrongly accused the three of the murders, and who then bent the truth about the evidence they found.  It stayed this way, even after DNA evidence of the killer being Terry Hobbs (one of the boys’ stepfather) was found.  This could have been because no one wanted to think or talk about it anymore, or because no one wanted to imagine the possibility of a seemingly “normal” person committing the murders.  

In Joseph Goebbels’ essay “Knowledge and Propaganda” he talks about how world leaders get to the heights of power they get to.  He says, “History proves that the greatest world movements have always developed when their leaders knew how to unify their followers under a short, clear theme.”  The cast of the West Memphis Three can be seen as following this idea, the “short, clear theme” being that the murders were part of a satanic cult ritual.  Even though it might not have been a completely rational conclusion looking back on the case, it was simple, and easy to listen to, making it a successful story.  

Every day, we are surrounded and affected by biases and prejudices, whether we realize it or not.  While these biases can sometimes be bad, it is good just to recognize that they’re there, and try to understand them.  The judicial system in this country would benefit greatly from observing and recognizing these biases.  One of the greatest parts of humans is our ability to feel emotions as strongly and as passionately as we do, but sometimes our emotions can cloud our judgement.  It was only natural for people to be extremely angry and upset about the murders in West Memphis, but they did not realize how distorted their judgment was, and as a result, three teens lost a huge portion of their lives in jail for something they didn’t even do.

Mi pared

wall for spanish
wall for spanish
Yo pintaría mi mural en esta parte de mi comunidad porque un poco de gente pasa por aquí. Por lo que significa un poco de gente podrán ver el mensaje que yo trato de transmitir. Es un buen lugar porque esta junto a tiendas alrededor. Es un lugar en que la pintura no esta presente y nesesita un poco de arte. 

Mi Pared

slide-51e59521e90c60.26781473--sign and office close
slide-51e59521e90c60.26781473--sign and office close

Yo pintaría mi mural en esta parte de mi comunidad porque mucha gente pasa por aquí. Por lo que significa que mucha gente podra ver el mensaje que yo trato de transmitir. Es un buen lugar porque esta junto a tiendas alrededor. Es un lugar en que la pintura no esta presente y nesesita un poco de arte. 

Pared Cerca de Broad

Este pared sería lo mejor para un mural para muchos razones. Este pared está ubicado en Ridge y Fairmount, y está unos pocos pies de Broad Street, que tiene muchos transeúntes que pasan cada día. Está en un lugar donde todos pueden ver, porque está ubicado en una calle que tiene mucho tráfico.

Screen Shot 2014-01-28 at 8.22.14 AM
Screen Shot 2014-01-28 at 8.22.14 AM

Mi pared

Este pared seria buena para tener un mural porque es simple y vacillo. anadia un elemento mas bonita al espacio. Este pared tambien sin el reloj seria mas bonito. Un mural que representa los valores del familia y todo eso. 

Mi pare

Screen Shot 2014-01-28 at 6.03.01 AM
Screen Shot 2014-01-28 at 6.03.01 AM
Mi pare es de una escuela. Yo creo que una pintura de niños es bien para este pare porque es una escuela vacío y muerto. Es muy llanura. Nadie se andar hay. Necessita una pintura muy linda. 

La pared para mural

image (7)
image (7)
Este pared seria un buen lugar para un mural porque es en la empieza de mi comunidad. También es un lugar que más personas en mi comunidad sería. En este pare, el lado donde el mural sería, es los símbolos de mi escuela. Si yo quería decir un mensaje, es un buen lugar para eso.

La Pared para mi mural

La pared para mi mural es en nosotros patio trasero. Es en 15th y Arch. La pared debe ser un mural para la tragedia en el thrift store. Es bueno pared para un mural porque la calle el es en es muy popular. Muchos carros y gente pasado de viaje este durante el dia. Un mural para la pared haria animar la ciudad. Yo creo es un bueno idea. 

Quiero pintar esta pared

Esta pared es de un edificio en las calles Girard y 18. Es un buen lugar para un mural porque muchas personas viven cerca de este lugar y la escuela St. Joe's Prep está a la derecha también. Tenía un mural aquí antes, pero no esta hoy. Está cerca de muchos murales y es un lienzo en blanco para un muralista. 
Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 11.28.33 PM
Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 11.28.33 PM

Padre para el Mural

Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 10.18.23 PM
Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 10.18.23 PM
Yo creo que esta pared debería ser usado por que es en un lugar muy influencial. Es en el par que en mi barrio y hay muchos niños y personas en esta lugar todos los días. Un mural puede ser usado para una mensaje para los niños. Mi barrio es muy diverso pero no todos siempre son simpáticos con nosotros, especialmente en mi mundo lo niños del barrio. Yo creo que seria un buen idea tener una mural en este lugar. 

Mi Pared

Esta pared es parte de la casa de mi amiga. No hay edificios especiales que son dignos de ser pintados con un mural entonces encontré un edificio que era especial para mí. La mamá de mi amiga dice todo el tiempo que quiere hacer algo divertido con su casa - entonces creo que un poco de arte sería algo diferente

Mi Pared

Este pared seria bueno para un mural porque el calle a donde esta ubicado es muy llanura. No hay ni un árbol en este calle y creo que un poco de color seria un bueno toca. No es un pared como en un calle llena pero creo que tenia mucho sentimiento en este lugar residencial.  
Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 9.26.26 PM
Screen Shot 2014-01-27 at 9.26.26 PM

Este Pared Necesita un Mural

Sería un buen lugar para un mural porque el edificio no es en carácter con los otros edificios en el Parkway de Benjamin Franklin. El Parkway tiene el tema del período de los artes bellos de los francés.  Este edificio es muy aburrido y poco interesante. Me gustaría pintar este edificio con arte clásico especialmente porque es un museo de arte y el exterior no es característico de las pinturas que contiene.


Artículo respuesta #7

Betty Louis Q2

Senorita Manuel

Joven de 18 años dice que hizo porno para ayudar a su mamá

Este artículo es sobre un homre nombre Robert Marucci quien  dice que hizo porno para ayudar a su mamá pagar las cuentas.  La madre de Robert dije "Creo que son los valores morales y creencias personales de la Doctora Stephanie Soliven y no creo que esto sea de la incumbencia de nadie más que de mi hijo. Los chicos en la escuela encontraron la pornografía y ella no hizo nada por detenerlo". También, Robert fue expulsado desde escuela. Él fue expulsado por cuatro días. Nadie debería tener que mostrar su cuerpo por dinero. Eso es peligroso. El artículo dije que un grupo de Facebook creado en apoyo a Marucci tiene un poco más de 500 miembros. “Docenas de estudiantes participaron en una huelga el viernes, protestando para la suspensión del adolescente.” Cuando las personas en su escuela descubierto "Él fue acosado, fue amenazado". Lo fue su culpa para hacer lo que hizo pero no personas debe ser intimidado. En la final el artículo dije “Docenas de estudiantes participaron en una huelga el viernes, protestando por la suspensión del adolescente. Las llamadas hechas por CNN a la casa de Robert Marucci y a la oficina del sitio web para el que él trabaja no fueron respondidas.” Yo espero esto ayuda él.

Word count: 210


"Joven De 18 Años Dice Que Hizo Porno Para Ayudar a Su Mamá." CNN En Espaol Ultimas Noticias De Estados Unidos Latinoamrica Y El Mundo Opinin Y Videos RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. <>.

Mi Pared

Esto pared sería bueno para arte de la calle porque es una pared bonita. Hay mucho espacio en esta pared. Podría hacer muchas cosas con esta pared. Me gusta los colores. Hay muchas personas cercana esta pared. 

Art Work Q2

For the 2nd art piece, I chose to copy a character. 

I copied ''Blossom'' from the Powerpuff Girls because it was my favorite character when I was little. 

1. Pencil
2. Sharpie
3. Color Pencil
4. Color Pencil & Sharpie 
Blossom pencil
Blossom pencil
Blossom sharpie
Blossom sharpie
Blossom color pencil
Blossom color pencil
Blossom pencil and sharpie
Blossom pencil and sharpie

Art Work For Q2

For the first art piece, I chose to do Art History. 

I. Art History: Romero Britto 

I chose Romero Britto. Romero Britto is a Brazilian-American neon pop artist, painter, and sculptor. His paintings are very creative, simple, yet complex. He does very colorful paintings of single objects but with different designs and little details that make every painting unique. His paintings combine different elements such as cubism, pop art, and graffiti. 

He was born in Brazil and moved to Miami in 1989. Shortly after moving here, he was asked by Michel Roux (founder of Absolut Vodka’s Art Campaign) to reinterpret Vodka’s famous bottle. His painting was so good, it was published and seen by millions. He has his own main art gallery at Souch Beach, Miami. 

He has completed works for Movado, Disney, Enrico Coveri, Pepsi, the United Nations, BMW and Royal Caribbean Cruises among others. 

Piece by the artist: 

Happy britto
Happy britto

App anti-bullying de estudiantes para estudiantes

Michelle Friedman

Quarter 2


App anti-bullying de estudiantes para estudiantes

Hay nuevas muy importantes para estudiantes en condados de Filadelfia y Delaware. Hay muchas problemas por estudiantes en condados de Filadelfia y Delaware ahora, pero las problemas mas grandes estan problemas de un estudiante y otro estudiante. Este problema es “bullying”. Los estudiantes en escuela primera y escuela secundaria, y también estudiantes en la universidad, tienen vidas muy difíciles porque otras estudiantes se tratan muy mal. En algunos situaciones,estudiantes no piensan que más pueden hacer, y ellos se suicidó. Pero, esto no secude mucho.

En el artículo “App anti-bullying de estudiantes para estudiantes” que esta en el periodico Al Dia, ellos anuncian las nuevas que va a ser app por telefono que puede ayudar a estudiantes.

"Los padres pueden hablar todo lo que quieran sobre la importancia de prevenir el ‘bullying’, pero las mejores soluciones para detener este problema sigue estando en manos de nuestros hijos", dijo el senador estatal Anthony H. Williams.

“Estoy muy emocionado por ver los resultados de esta competencia, sobre todo, cómo va a ayudar a nuestros niños a aprender y a crecer juntos", dijo el senador.

Este app no esta publico antes de Noviembre, 2014.

Words: 203

Q2 Reflection #7: “Los mejores hoteles del mundo, según viajeros de Trip Advisor”

Audrey Pham


Melanie Manuel

Word count: 202

Los mejores hoteles del mundo, según viajeros de Trip Advisor”

Cuándo viaja para vacaciones, es amable y cómodo dormir en un bonito y buen hotel. Puede ser caro depende dónde estás o en qué país está. Hay algunos hoteles clasificaron “los mejores hoteles” en el mundo. Los mejores hoteles estan ubicaron en diferentes países. Paíases como Toronto en Canada, Mumbai en India, Ecuador, Udaipur en India, San Carlos en Costa Rica, Hong Kong, Suiza, a muchos más. El país con la más los mejores hoteles es Italia con 152 hoteles. Según a CNN: “Entre los hoteles Travelers’ Choice con mejores calificaciones en otras categorías para 2014: El mejor hotel de lujo del mundo: Akademie Street Boutique Hotel and Guesthouse, en Franschhoek, Sudáfrica. El mejor hotel ganga del mundo: Castlewood House, Dingle, Irlanda. El mejor hotel familiar del mundo: Cavallino Bianco Family Spa Grand Hotel, Ortisei, Italia. El hotel más romántico del mundo: The Place Luxury Boutique Villas, Koh Tao, Tailandia.” Después de leí artículo, recordé el hotel me quedé en Vietnam para una semana. El hotel es classifica cinco estrellas. El hotel es bonita y fuiste piscina grande. Según a CNN: “La tarifa promedio por noche entre estos hoteles es de 366 dólares.” Hoteles es negocio serio y perfecto para las vacaciones.

"Los Mejores Hoteles Del Mundo, Según Viajeros De Trip Advisor." CNN En Espaol Ultimas Noticias De Estados Unidos Latinoamrica Y El Mundo Opinin Y Videos RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2014.