How to Lie with Statistics Podcast #1 Penelope Traevon Emily

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How to Lie With Statistics
Penelope Deoliveira, Traevon Gray, Emily Jenson

What we discussed:
We discussed chapters 1&2
How we discussed:
We first gave a brief summary, then pointed out key examples and key words in the text. We then expressed our opinions on what we learned from the reading, and how we had seen examples of "lying with stats" in our own lives.
Points of conflict/questions:
None, we agreed on everything

My tutoring experience

Blog post #1 describes about how in general kids are struggling with English as a second language. Many kids struggle with learning English in school. They may get shy, lose confidence, and not participate within the classroom. Blog post #2 explains more about my first time experience with tutoring children. It includes a personal perspective interview with one of the kids I tutored.

Some of the things that I've done to raise awareness of that issue are, going up to schools or people houses and tutor their kids with homework or help them study. I try my best to help them so that they can see the work easily in and out of school.

My opinion is that, some teachers in schools need to find a better way to elaborate the lessons more with the kids. So that the children in school will get a better understanding of whatever information they need to obtain. This will help resolve any miscommunication that would prevent the student from gaining school work understanding.

After the tutor session, I've been communicating with the students teachers about their progress and giving the teachers my opinion in the form of suggestions to give a better result of the child's learning.

The changes I've made during this process are; elaborating the work for the children to get a better understanding of the work, motivating them to have the courage to do their work in and out of school, allowing them to try things on their own, and helping them to succeed in all of the work they would turn in.

I felt great helping and getting to know the struggles that these kids face. It gives pleasure in knowing that I am here to help resolve their learning issue. What I'd learned about from this project is, having patience, explaining things to a kid, and allowing the student to work the problem out on their own then assisting them if needed.

If I had more time to spend one on one with each student ,I would feel that they are completely confident in school. What is left for me is to, make sure that they try things on their own and when they are lacking assistance is provided for them.


These images above are pictures that were taken as I was tutoring students in and out of school.


How To Lie With Statistics Pt. 2

​Group Members Present: Klarissa & Symone
Pages Read: 47 - 91
Pages For Next Week: 92 - 142

Podcast Points:
  1. Choose one of the quotations inside the front cover and discuss how it relates to the Introduction. - Klarissa

    1. “Round numbers are always false.” - Samuel Johnson

  2. List as many sources of sample bias as you can that are mentioned in Chapter 1 and provide an example of each.

    1. Average Yaleman, Class of ‘24 makes $25,111 a year.

  3. Put the second paragraph on Page 18 (“A river cannot….”) into your own words.

    1. “A river cannot rise above its source.” To me means that you can’t get something more out of what you already have, which is not true. This paragraph elaborates on this by concluding that in different data sets, we’re able to get way more information than we’ve been told. Thus, the saying a river cannot rise above its source can not be true all of the time.

  4. What is the advantage of a stratified random sample and what difficulties does it pose, according to this chapter?

    1. Advantages:

      1. You can be sure that your samples are appropriately proportioned

    2. Difficulties:

      1. Each unit must only fit in one stratum

  5. Explain why advertisers often rely on a very small sample to substantiate their claims.

    1. If advertisers were to use large sample sizes then it would be harder to substantiate their claims and ideas.

  6. What does the author mean on Page 45 when he says, “Hardly anybody is exactly normal in any way…?”

    1. What I took from the quote “hardly anybody is exactly normal in anyway” is that there are plenty of outside factors that can screw up data and paint a different picture. So nothing or no person is always normal all of the time, just like data. A clear example of this can be looking at data that suggests people who go to sleep before 10 pm receive higher tests scores. Sure, sleep is important but other factors could influence this conclusion. Things like what they ate the night before the test, what they had for breakfast, what they did in the morning, etc.

How To Lie With Statistics pt.2

Temperance Moore Capstone

My capstone ended up being totally different than what I was originally going to do in the beginning. After some things weren't working out with my first idea, and then my second idea, I was stuck. Seriously, for most of this capstone process, I was totally stumped. Since a capstone is supposed to benefit your community, I was thinking of ways I could benefit other people by doing things for them, like fundraising, community service, donating, etc. But I wasn't passionate about any of those things. I love giving and being able to help other people, but I realized that doing things like fundraising, and community service weren't really my forte. What I didn't realize was that I could benefit people simply by giving them what I had within myself, and what took me so long to realize this is that I didn't think I didn't have much to give. I'm passionate about music, and writing, and that's how my final capstone came out. I decided to do an inspirational spoken word, and I put it up on youtube (although it's private now, I plan to make it public once I copyright it). My hopes is that it will one day benefit people by inspiring them and uplifting them. That is the whole point of my capstone.

Below is just one of my spoken word videos.

Here are the links to my others:

So, this bibliography was originally for my original capstone, so the sources aren't relevant to my final capstone. But the methods from these sources are. Even though they're about fundraising, for fundraising you need to be outgoing and confident, which played a big part in my final capstone. The only relevant source was my ministry leader because she was my mentor for my capstone, and she helped me throughout the whole thing. 

Annotated Bibliography

  1. "CASE - Fundraising Fundamentals, Section 6.4." CASE - Fundraising Fundamentals, Section 6.4. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This site gives really good strategies on fundraising. It talks about how to develop a fundraising strategy, pointing out that a fundraising strategy identifies financial as well as other expectations  of what I’m doing. I need a fundraising strategy to effectively prioritize my project, and target the resources I need to do that. It points out that one way to target your resources effectively is to know who your prospects are. Know who my prospects are will enable to me to target my efforts effectively.  It also includes what a fundraiser should look like, what I want to achieve, and the resources I can use to have a successful fundraiser.

2) Anatomy of a Successful Event. Digital image. Event Marketing. N.p., n.d. Web.

This is a photo of an anatomy to a successful event. It points out that an event is a system of elements working together to create a successful event to grow your organization. I can definitely use this photo to organize any events that I will have to fundraise. In the center of the photo is features, your event, and stemming from it are 4 categories: strategy, details, results, and promotions being the biggest one. Then, from those 4 categories stems other tiny little categories that need to be considered when figuring out an event. This photo points out important aspects to look at in order to have a successful event, and it will come in handy when I start planning mine.

3) Kluth, Brian. "Fundraising Methods for Christian Organizations/Ministries/Missions." (n.d.): n. pag. Web

This source focuses on fundraising methods for Christian Organizations specifically, and it also includes the typical results. I thought this would be pretty helpful considering that I’m fundraising for a Christian ministry, and since I plan for it take place in the church. It has all sorts of fundraising methods, and ideas. I like that the source gives you typical results for each method, that way I can know what will be a bigger turnout. So, I will definitely be using some of these ideas. While there are some ideas I will not be able to do, there are others that I can switch around and make it into my own.

4)"Fundraising For Women's Ministry." Fundraising For Women's Ministry. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is yet another source on fundraising, but it focuses on fundraising for a women’s ministry. I figured that I could use this considering that the ministry I’m in is only women. Not that praise dancing can’t include men, but mainly females do it. It talks about how churches give very little budget or none even to their women’s ministries. In our case, it’s not that our church purposely gives little budget to us, it’s just that the church budget itself isn’t that big, especially when they have bills to pay to keep the church running. A definite idea that I’m going to be using from this source is having bake sales because bake sales always have huge turnouts, or at least some type of decent turnout.

5) "Dancing in the Spirit, Foundation of Liturgical Dance." : Praise Dance Moves. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This source gives an overview of what praise dance is, how it is a form of liturgical dance. It talks about how different cultures and ethnic backgrounds around the globe do it, and how it starts revivals in churches. Although I already have a background of what liturgical dance is, I used this to refresh my memory because I got taught on it a long time ago. Before I went into what I was doing for my capstone, I wanted to give a background on what praise dancing is because not everyone know what it is. This source was very good at covering everything about praise dancing in a brief introduction.

6) "A-Z of Fundraising Ideas." A-Z of Fundraising Ideas. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is another source on fundraising ideas. I figured you can never have too many ideas. I’m not going to use them all but it’s just good to have a variety of ideas that I can choose from. I don’t want to stick to the same fundraising event. I do want to have different types of fundraising events because having the same one over and over can be a bore. I want to keep people interested, and in order to draw attention, and to keep  them coming, I have to be creative. I also like this source because it’s alphabetized.

7) "Successful Church Fundraising." Better Fundraising Ideas. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is another source on having a successful fundraising in a church. As mentioned earlier,  sources like these are really helpful because that’s where I plan to have all my fundraising events. Like the other source, they have an alphabetized list of fundraising ideas for a church. Also mentioned earlier, it doesn’t hurt to have too many ideas because the more ideas I’ll have the more creative I can be with fundraising in the church. Not only does this website have fundraising event ideas for churches, but it also has it for sports, school, cheerleading. So, it’s a pretty well-rounded website.

8) "Start Your Free Online Fundraiser." Free Online Fundraising & Crowdfunding Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

I mentioned in my proposal that I was planning to also start up a website for people to donate, as well as having fundraising events. This website is a place that I can do it on. I figured that if people wanted to donate, but couldn’t because either they couldn’t make it or were away, they could donate online. This doesn’t only have to be for people who know, but for also people who don’t know us. We don’t want our ministry to just happen in the church, we want to be able to present in different places. I think that making a fundraising website would help to get us out there, make us known to people who maybe desire to have praise dancers to present at their church.

9) Interviews

Interviewing the women apart of our ministry could also help with people donating. I was thinking that I could set up videos of interviews to get their perspective on what they desire to have in our dance ministry. I could use those videos, and request to have them played one day on Sunday, so that people can see our perspective, and can understand why it’s important to have equipment to practice with. I could use this as a way to draw people to donate to whatever fundraising event I plan to have, as well as the fundraising website I plan to build.

10) Ministry Leader

Throughout this whole thing, my ministry leader can be a huge help and source because she’s a lot more experienced in the leadership area. This capstone is going to require a lot of leading because I’ll be organizing fundraising events, and I’ll basically just have to be stepping up a lot more than usual. My ministry leader can be big help in teaching this. That is also why she is going to be my mentor for this capstone as well. I know that by doing this, I will be learning leadership skills as well, and that is why she is considered a source as well.

How to Lie with Statistics Podcast #2, Spells, Britton, Ingram, Simmons

Link to podcast:

Group members present: Ashley Spells, Bailey Britton, Timothy Ingram, Reginald Simmons (all of us). 

What we discussed: chapters three, four, and five (questions we had, things we agreed or disagreed with, were confused about, etc.). 

The form of our discussion: we had an open discussion in which any group member could call out or respond to others' reflections. We tried to make sure that everyone spoke for at least a few minutes during the podcast. 

Conflicts, disagreements: we still haven't really had any of those. Any points of confusion within the discussion were dealt with by other group members,  just like last time. We all agreed with each other, for the most part. 

Questions that came up as a result of the discussion: I guess one question that we had was, "how can we be mindful of all these tricks that people use to get what they want?"

We'll respond to the questions and discuss the article given to us and the ones we found on our own in our next podcast, when we discuss chapters six through ten.

screens vs teens the finale

In blog post one and two I talk about how tv makes teens depressed and violent video video games make us more  For my agent of change I made a video that basically summarized my annotated bibliography and included all of the important facts.  I also talk about how if you use your screen for an hour before you go to sleep it will typically take you an hour to fall asleep if you are normal.  My brother helped me to film the first scene which I appreciate.  I think the video is very good and clever and will hopefully raise awareness I will post it to Facebook and other public 

media's even though it is already on youtube to try and get the most attention.  I feel like as a side thing to this project I have spent less time on screens even though the project kinda required a lot of screen time.  If I were to do this again I would film the agent of change sooner.  Filming my agent of change was very tricky because I am no professional and I don't have fancy equipment so I have to find ways around problems; like when I needed to read off my script but didn't have a teleprompter or anything so I just taped it to the wall.  Also I originally wanted to film myself doing fun stuff like swinging from the monkey bars or doing a handstand but their were a bunch  of flaws with those desires such as I couldn't hang from my feet on the monkey bars because I had never done it before and I coudn't read my script when I tried to hang upside down, and when I tried to do a handstand I couldn't hold it for all of my lines and it was also hard to read my script because all of the words were upside down.  Nature was also a hastle because I would have like to have filmed more things outside but it took forever to film the first few and by then it started to get dark and I didn't want to film in the dark because I don't have any fancy lights and stuff like that.  My parents also played a part in where I filmed because my mom was on the phone for a while and I didn't want to bother her so I didn't film near her and my dad was working in his study at home so I didn't want to film near him also I felt self conscious when they could hear me recording, so I mainly filmed in the basement where it was quite.  However I do not like to film in my basement for a couple of reasons

1 because the lighting is pretty bad

2. because it's really quite like creepy quite

3. and lastly it's really creepy mainly  because of the lack of light and lack of sound but that just makes it all the more creepy and makes me paranoid, so that's why I don't like filming in the basement.

here is my annotated bibliography

This is part of my chat with Jeff from google
Screenshot 2015-05-06 at 12.12.19 PM
Screenshot 2015-05-06 at 12.12.19 PM

Enthony Chhin's Capstone

For my capstone, I created 2 parts. One of them being a mural and the other being a 10 page paper about teen culture before, during and after World War II. To begin with mural, I decided to paint things that had different meanings throughout different culture; positive messages only. This idea came to me pretty quick because SLA should be protected considering the fact that there is only one guard at our school. The mural took about 4 days to start. It took a very little amount of time to get majority of the mural done.

And for the other part of my capstone, I wrote a paper that was informative but also interesting. It took me a few hours to think of this topic because I really just wanted to get this essay out of the way because I knew it was gonna take time. At first I wanted to write about Lady Gaga but I felt like that would’ve been shooting myself in the foot because It didn’t connect to what was going on in the world. It wasn’t a interesting enough topic because no one is into Gaga as much as me. Anyways, I decided to write about teen culture because teens basically shape the world and the essay just talks about the different stages of teen culture throughout World War II.

Overall, My capstone is a reflection of me and I am proud of what I did & I hope SLA loves it as much as I do. 

Capstone Part #1: Mural 


Sketches And Area Before The Mural

The Base Being Painted Down

Time Sequence Of Labor:
1 Day


Majority Of The Mural Being Done Feat. Helpers

Time Sequence Of Labor:

2 Days; 1 Day For The Hamsa Hand And 1 Day For The Other Walls And Doors
​***Mural In The Process Of Being Finished***

Thanks To The Following For Helping Me

Jamira Carter
Bryanna Jones
Antoinette Hiller
Sophia DeOliveira
Katharine Walker
Warda AbuAli
Naihema Powell
Crystalle Hutchins
Imani Holness
Temperance Moore
Aaron Tang 

​Capstone Part #2:


Click Here

Political Double-Header and Nail-Biter Leaves Rockets 1 Inning Shy of City Final. Oh, But What a Season!!!

Screen Shot 2015-05-25 at 9.07.07 PM
Screen Shot 2015-05-25 at 9.07.07 PM
The Rockets tasted something bitter and foreign on Friday. For the first time in over a calendar year they did not walk off the field with a win. Their bid for a 17th consecutive win, "AA" Championship and entry into the City Final was denied in the 7th inning of a razor-close game with former champion Franklin Towne. There initially weren’t words to describe the feeling around 3rd base as the Rockets gathered one final time in 2015. 

Their coach struggled to find the right ones, but centered on how rare it is for an athlete, at any level, to walk off the field for the final time winning it all. While they all dream of it as kids, the rarity of that possibility is not what truly drives them to take the field in the first place. It is to compete and to give the game everything they individually and collectively have within themselves. And in this mission they most assuredly did succeed. 

We are so very proud of our SLA ROCKETS!!! Here's to a magical run in '15, and a City Title in '16!!! FULL STORY

How to Lie with Statistics Part 3

Group Members- Jordyn, True, Haneef and Arshelle 

In this podcast we discussed the last two chapters and also article that related back to the book. Furthermore we discussed the rules of statistics and what to look for when you are analyzing a data set. We all seemed to agree with the points that each group member brought up in the discussion.  

Brycen Itzko's Capstone

For my capstone, I did a teaching course for Project Space. I worked along three other seniors to create a four week course for two different classes. We each decided to each make our own teaching plan, with mine being about comets, asteroids and exoplanets. Every week one of us taught the class that day about their course. The classes occurred during the third quarter of the school year, with the students all being freshmen from Science Leadership Academy. The student I taught were well mannered and enjoyed the course that I was teaching. I created my course in such a way that the students will stay engaged and interested in what I was teaching them.

Capstones must use the five core values, Inquiry, Research, Collaboration, Presentation and Reflection. I have used these five core values as a guideline for creating my teaching plan. For inquiry, I had to ask questions such as how I can engage the students. For research, I needed to understand what I was going to teach about so that I could teach it properly. For collaboration, we had to figure out which order the four of us were going to teach in while also making sure that our teaching plans didn't overlap. For presentation, it was teaching the students my course.

Overall, my capstone taught me how to manage my resources more, while also helping to develop my core values so that I can better improve myself for the future.

Link to pictures:


Night Sky Network | Outreach Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

This source provides information about activities that teachers can use with students. The topics mainly involve space related activities, which will be useful to me as it will provide me with a variety of educational activities that I will be able to use when I teach a class for my capstone. I plan on using one relating to comets since I will be teaching about it, which has a wide variety of comet-related activities that will help me engage with my students while also proving them with more knowledge about my topic. I found this source to be very helpful for my capstone.

Kepler Planet Candidate Data Explorer. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

I found this source useful because it provides an interactive search tool that shows one of the several methods that is used to find exoplanets in our universe. I will be using this to let the students try out and engage more for my topic with exoplanets, which is one of the two main topics I will be teaching to my students. This source is extremely valuable to me as it will help improve the engagement of the students, which is important as they will learn much better if they can get a hands-on experience.

Exoplanet Orbit Database | Exoplanet Data Explorer. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

I selected this source because it provides detailed information about exoplanets that have been discovered so far. It provides a wide variety of different detail of each exoplanet, which will allow me to give examples of one of the methods that is used to find planets. This source will also help me to improve my understanding of my topic, as I am always trying to improve my knowledge about my topics so that I can provide a better learning experience for my students.

Extrasolar Planets. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

I found this source useful because it provides topics that related to exoplanets, which will allow me to better my understanding of what I will be teaching. This source features a blog that updates with new information about exoplanets. I will mainly use this source for my own knowledge, as the more I know about my topic, the more I will be able to engage with the students without the problem of not knowing enough. The source overall is a excellent informational site that will be an important part of my capstone.

Astronomy For Kids - (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

While this source is limited in the fact that it teaches about space related topics at a basic level, it provides me a general idea of what my topic is. This source will also help me to figure out how I want to explain my topics to my students, as using complex information may confused my students. I need to teach my students in a way that will be easy for them to understand, and keep them interested in my topic when I teach the students about comets, asteroids and exoplanets.

Rosetta. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

This source provides information about the Rosetta Mission, which was the first successful landing on a comet. There is a huge amount of information and data that I will be using for my topic on comets, which will be one of the main things that I will be discussing. The source also has plenty of detailed pictures that I will be showing to my students when I teach. Overall, this source will be a major part of my capstone that will not only help me gain a better understanding, but also my students.

Asteroids and Comets, Asteroids and Comets Information, Facts, News, Photos -- National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

I selected this source because it talks about asteroids and comets, both of which I will be teaching about to my students. There is a interactive part that I will be able to give to students for them to engage and learn from. I do find this source limited in the fact that there’s not much other in-depth information, but it’s simple enough for my students to understand, which is an important part for my teaching plan. Overall I find this source to be helpful for letting the students get a hands-on experience.

Lynch, D. (n.d.). Near-Earth Asteroids. Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

This source provides detailed information about comets. While I do not believe that “.com” sites are useful sources, this source is very informational. This will help me get a good idea of the different subjects that I can talk about for my topic. Also this source helped me to widen my subjects since I had trouble with what exactly I want to talk about to my students. I find this overall to be helpful for my development of my learning plan while also improving my understanding.

Asteroid Introduction. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2015, from

I selected this source because it provides a very detailed and informational explanation on asteroids, which is one of my three main topics for my capstone. It also gives very in-depth detail on the many known comets that were discovered. I have found this source to be extremely valuable in my teaching for asteroids. While I am not focusing on this topic due to the limited I have to teach the students, it still provides me with enough information to give the general idea of asteroids.

Mentor (Derrick Pitts)

I chose Derrick Pitts to assist me for my capstone because he already knows a great deal of the topics that I will be teaching. I found him to be very helpful as he went over many things that helped me to improve my teaching. He told me about how to get the students to engage more with my topic, which is extremely important for teachers. He also explained why he was interested in my topics, which provided me an idea of how to keep my students interested while I teach. Overall, he provided me with fantastic ideas for me to improve on.

How To Lie With Statistics: Recording #2

Bailey, Nomi, and Jian were all present in this discussion.

During the discussion we brought up some of the questions that were asked about after our first podcast. Then we discussed chapters four and five. They were all about how averages can skew or balance a normal distribution, and how a graph can be manipulated to favor a standpoint. I don't have my group mates' links to the articles they used, but we talked about it in the podcast. We all talked about our personal favorite way to look at averaging different situations, and brought up lots of examples where one type of average would be better for the situations, or that would not be manipulated by outlier data. I don't believe there were many questions after the discussion.

Amy Farrell Capstone

For my senior year at Science Leadership Academy, I decided to center my capstone around the last of our core values - reflection. This project has allowed me to reflect on my 4 years of high school and see how I’ve changed and grown. I’ve thought about who I used to be, who I wanted to be, and how the circumstances in my life during those 4 years lead me to be the person that I am today. I’ve thought about what I would tell myself during the hard times that I’ve faced, and about the things that I should of done differently. This has allowed me to come to peace with myself in many ways. I’ve put this together in one website to show how I’ve grown as a photographer and how I realized what I needed to do for myself in order to be happy, which will allow me to help others.


**This bibliography was created in the beginning of the year when I was planning on doing a different idea, but the photographer's inspiration still applies**


Vilder, Muir. "Folio | Muir Vidler." Muir Vidler. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.

Muir Vildler is a photographer from California that has shot for publications such as i.D magazine and New York Times magazine. The specific link I chose for this source is a collection of his portfolio shots. The majority of his photography is alternative and shows a different perspective of people that others wouldn’t normally pay attention to. This is a beneficial source for me to use because it inspires me to take photos of everything all the time, even if I’m scared. He does little editing to his photos, which makes me consider doing the same to my photos.


Hamada, Hideaki. "Hideaki Hamada Photography - People." Hideaki Hamada Photography. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.

This source is a link to all of Hideaki Hamada’s work. Hideaki is a Japan based photographer who has a light, airy feel to her photos. She shoots all different types of photographs, such as portraits, travel, and editorials. Her travel photos make me think of how powerful and important location is for photos. Her most recent portrait photos feature a young woman whose face is almost hidden in each photo. This gives me an idea to hide the identity of students who wish to remain anonymous by photographing a specific part of them, such as their hands or an article of clothing that’s important to them.


Reid, Ian. "Ian Reid's Photos Are Just as Crazy as His Skateboarding Videos | VICE | United States." VICE. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.

This is an interview with Ian Reed for Vice magazine. Ian Reed started off as a skateboarder and skate filmer, which inspired him to become a photographer. He shoots risque photos and videos, such as a naked man being barbequed alive. This interview is beneficial to me because it helps me gain motivation to stretch the limits of photography and shoot things that  I believe will make a good photo, even if people feel uncomfortable. He established his career by doing what he loves everyday, which is my goal for the future. He taught me that if I work hard everyday, then it’s possible for me to do the same.


Collins, Petra. "Petra Collins." Petra Collins. Web. 28 Jan. 2015. <>.

Petra Collins is a New York based photographer who has worked with publications such as Vogue and Paper Mag. I chose to use her as a resource because not many female photographers get the credit they deserve, and I feel like Petra’s work in underrated. It’s not the traditional theme of photography that most people expect, and that’s why I like it. She plays with lighting and locations, and lighting is something that I’m interested in. Most of her work is published in magazines, which is something that I aspire to do. It would be amazing if this project could be compiled into a zine, but that would have to be something to work on in the future.


Elterman, Brad. "Brad Elterman." Brad Elterman. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.

Brad Elterman is known for his photographs of celebrities, particularly in the 80s. Brad made his career successful by being outgoing and bold, especially when he was a teenager. This link is directed to his photography portfolio. This source is useful to me because Brad motivates me to not be afraid of taking photos of people all the time. He captures people in their natural habitat, and makes every shoot look impromtu.


Ang, Ying. "Ying Ang - Photography." Ying Ang. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.

This source is Ying Ang’s portfolio. Ying lives in Australia and edits her photos to appear soft and nostalgic. Part of me wants to edit my photos to look like they were shot with film, and the other part of me wants to make it look as digital as possible. This is a great source for me because Ying incorporates both into her photos, which I hope to do in order to create a happy medium in my photos. Her work motivated me to choose to edit my photos to appear crisp and digital while still being soft to make them more emotional.


Fu, Vivian. "Me and Tim." Vivian Fu. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.

Vivian Fu is a San Francisco based photographer with a BA in fine arts, specifically photography. This source is a link to her online portfolio where all of her work is organized and displayed. Her photos are very intimate and are often of herself using self timer. She inspires me as a female photographer to be more creative and to take more pictures of myself that are honest and open. I can incorporate this into my capstone by taking pictures of people from different perspectives and choosing which one represents their hidden side the best.


Sophia, Cheyenne. "CHEYENNE SOPHIA." CHEYENNE SOPHIA. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.

In her photography, Cheyenne Sophia has a similar style to Petra Collins. She also focuses on colorful lights and female models, but Cheyenne’s work has more shadows and darkness to it. I resonate with Cheyenne more because the low lighting and bright colors is what attracts me the most. Although I probably won’t be taking my photos like this for my project, I was able to use this source to make this decision.


Nieratko, Chris. "Ed Templeton On His New Book and Life After Skateboarding | VICE | United States." VICE. Web. 30 Jan. 2015. <>.

This source is an interview with Ed Templton for Vice magazine. Ed Templeton is known for being a pro skater, but also for his amazing photography. He often takes street portraits, but still has planned photoshoots also.  This interview discusses his new photography book that’s being released. After viewing this interview, I started to explore more of Ed’s work and thinking about how my photos are similar yet different to his. My capstone is going to be a planned photoshoot, but I can incorporate Ed’s style into it by making the photos seem as though they were taken candidly.


Marks, Matthew. "Nan Goldin - Selected Works - Matthew Marks Gallery." Nan Goldin - Selected Works - Matthew Marks Gallery. Web. 29 Jan. 2015. <>.

This source is a link to a bio about Nan Goldin featuring some of her photos written by Matthew Marks. Nan Goldin is a New York & Paris based photographer. She’s known for changing the underground  scene of photography in the 80s due to her presentation of her overly-saturated, risque photos. Her photos are typically unglamorous shots of beautiful people that show how real they still are. This made me think of an idea for my capstone - I could tell all the girls that I will be photographing to appear as natural as possible for their photo by not doing their hair or makeup.

Estefan Carrillo (Capstone)

​The inspiration to my capstone was The place where I surf in Mexico. The community depended off the ocean in so many ways and the well being and economy of the city is based off the ocean. I created a paper talking about the importance to not pollute and how pollution affects us all. The way my project helped the SLA community was that it educated them on a topic that is always talked about but its never really talked about in depth. 


Nadir Meeks Capstone

For my capstone i decided to originally host a talent show. In the beginning I had to round up talented individuals to serve as the talent for my show. I gathered singers, dancers and a little bit of everything else in between. This process showed two of SLA’s core values, research and collaboration. After I had everything in place so that the show wouldn’t suck, I needed actual permission to hold the show. I struggled with part, wanting to do everything myself I waited until the very last minute to ask teachers and Lehmann if it was ok to have the show. Sadly due to the short notice my wonderful idea of a talent show shattered once reality hit it. I had waited too long to ask for permission to host the show which made the show a liability to the school. This meant my beautiful show went bust, leaving me to do a 10 page research paper on the different way people learn to make up for it. While the talent show didn’t go a float I did learn a lot about planning and actually setting one up so that in the future I won’t make the same mistake twice.
Taent show
​Here's a small excerpt from my 10 page paper:

Almost always first on the three different types learners list, and who this research paper is going to be most effective for, visual learners are first on deck to talk about. Before we delve into the deep dark secrets of how a visual learner retains information best, we must know what exactly a visual learner is. A visual learner is someone who learns best by using visual stimuli, ence the name visual learner. Visual stimuli consist of books, pictures, flashcards, colors, etc. Any type of information that can be given solely through vision would considered visual stimuli. The thing that makes these learners special is, they can visualize anything and they’re pretty good at it. Visual learners learn effectively when they draw what they hear, go over flashcards, color code information, and write down and read over information and keywords over and over again. These are the type of people who you’ll usually find doodles invading the sides of their notebook. Surprisingly, according to the Social Science Research Network about 65% of the general population are considered visual learners. Which explains why over the course of our existence we’ve used pictures, drawings, symbols and any form of written literature to give information to one another. This is also something to be expected of today due to our technological advancements. Since we live in fast paced screen filled world where we are fed our favorite shows, news and advertisements through our phones, televisions and computers, there will be more visual learners in the upcoming younger generation. Thanks to this overload of information at the tips of our fingers attention spans of children have gotten shorter by at least. At a glance this might seem like a bad thing, but this tweaks the wiring in their brain so that the younger generation can pick up information faster through visual stimuli. With more and more children becoming fast paced visual learners eventually we will move away from reading long texts to a much more quicker, efficient way to teach.


Jasir Massey-Campbell's Capstone

For my capstone, I decided to create a video game database. Unlike a game review website that only focuses on the content analysis of video games, my vision was to create a website that works similarly to that of a library database plus more. I created a sample website that would highlight multiple aspects of the gaming field. It is a website that moderators will use to publish multiple sources of information for all of the top video game youtubers and authors for important companies such as IGN (International Gaming Network) as well as allowing amateur gamers to publish their own reviews for gamers who find those type of reviews more reliable. The goal of my capstone was to make the first, as far as I know of, to not just be one gaming website, but a bunch of gaming websites in one. To do this, I had to gather a bunch of links and connect them to my website. This is extremely time consuming as the purpose was not to just get information from a few websites but from a wide range to create a wide perspective. Not only that but I had to design it. If this was to get funded, it would be the first of its kind whereas no other website features reviews from multiple sources including amateurs gamers. 

Click here to see website

Click here to see bibliography (My bibliography is unrelated because I had changed my capstone)

Alhaji Koita “Capstone”: SLA’S Periodic Table

The capstone is one of the most influential & creative projects that Science Leadership produces. Each year students progress their talents to a bigger stage than just your everyday keynote presentation. This yearly long project takes blood, sweat, and tears to conquer. When Seniors begin this project they comprise their learnings from the last 3 years to come up with an appealing piece of work. An ideal capstone for students usually follows their passions. My passion is collecting and informing information. Some might call this journalism, I’d agree with statement 10 times of 10. Relaying information to people is something that I plan to study in college. My original idea for a capstone was to create an online podcast site for SLA students. Their I would’ve received ideas from SLA students on topics and themes that would be addressed in my podcast. After thinking over the elements of my project I decided that it wouldn’t suffice for an imprint on the SLA community. I wanted my presence to be ever lasting. So the idea hit me an art piece that would faithfully attached to the SLA community. I joined forces with another SLA senior, Kenyatta Bundy Jr, we came together to amass this masterpiece. When I complied the idea to Kenyatta he was electric. Like stated before relaying information is my passion, so the idea to me is simply beautiful. The original idea was to create a massive periodic table. Instead of relaying the elements, we wanted to relay students and teachers feelings of the education institution known as SLA. That being relayed in one word that describes SLA in one word. This would be placed in each 12 by 12 inch block. In addition to that students & teachers age would also be specified. To complete the tiles, the students graduating year would be placed in the top right corner. I have to say that this project has been one of the most difficult to complete. It has matured me as an individual. While management of time is one of the most important things I can take from this, it was a blast creating this piece of art. 

While Kenyatta and I worked diligently on this project there is of course special thanks in order for our Capstone Mentor. An SLA english teacher for 9th and 12th graders, whose help was extremely appreciated. Guiding us through the process is something that I know both of us will not forget. This project of course would not be possible without the SLA community help as well. Without them relaying their information to us, this project would have failed miserably. I am eternally grateful to attend a school with students willing to help each other out, no matter the stress or difficulty it may bring.

Here is the link to my Bibliography, along with photos of the table.

Warda Abuali Capstone


Hello. My name is Warda and I'm a senior at Science Leadership Academy. For my capstone I decided to host a blood drive. I’ve always wanted to try and do the best I could for my community so I thought that I would do this so that people in our community would be able to save lives. I wanted to help save lives, but I also wanted people to save lives too so that we were all helping out together. 

When I decided to do this I thought I wasn’t going to pull it off. For one, I had to keep setting up meetings with the people at the Red Cross and they were telling me how I had to do everything. It was really scary at first. Then I had to start getting people in our school to sign up and that was tough for me. Majority of the students were scared of needles, or doctors or even blood so I had to find to sign up least 60 people to actually get the Red Cross people to come to our school. However, I did end up signing up those people. 

Once, the day was here I was so scared that all my donors were going to forget about it. But I stuck to my plan and when I started the blood drive every single donor pulled through and people who I didn’t even sign up decided that they wanted to donate blood. On February 5, 2015 I donated 38 pints of blood to the Red Cross. Lastly, for my capstone I am going to teach you how to run a successful blood drive. 


Khadijah Fofana Capstone

Earlier in the year, I walked into a middle school called Tilden Middle School. But prior to that I was looking to start an all girls program but could not find anywhere to start. I called one of my old teachers from Tilden and told her to please set up a talking session for me, basically to promote what I was intending to do. After getting her to do so, I was able to talk to about thirty five girls, and about twenty of the girls give me their names and phone numbers. Due to not having no where to meet, we started meeting every Saturday in my living room. At the first meeting I told the girls if they wasn’t too interested then they should not waste my time. After the third meeting I was left with about seven girls. Towards the end of the program, which was two Saturdays ago I was left with only four girls. We went to poetry slams, Skating, Parks and other plans didn’t fall through. I was able to take some of the girls to PYPM workshops. I have never felt so good about something. The text messages they would send me after each time we did something was heart warming. I want to be a teacher in the future and my intentions were to get close to young teens, mostly girls so that I can help them change the world's perspective on women. I learned that building a sisterhood takes a lot but with dedications and motivation anything is possible.

Nixon, By Robin. "Adolescent Angst: 5 Facts About the Teen Brain."LiveScience. TechMediaNetwork, 08 July 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2012

I read about how one can interact with teens, and how young teens mind works. because as a mentor, you have to be able to understand what triggers emotions in your mentees This website does a really good job at explaining why teens do a certain things. The website talks about how an adult can be careful so that their mentees don’t think something else besides the truth about their relationship. There is also science involved in this in a sense, and the website helps me under how I as a mentor can deal with a lot of the things kid go through.

"Start Nonprofit." Sisters Of Hope. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2011

This website help me find out how to start a program. how to get connections and how to also get people to take you seriously. It teach you how to talk to sponsor and how to make your organization a non profit. With this sources there were picture showing me how to also take picture so that they can reflect a lot without words. Some advices I got from the website was alway be professional when it comes to trying to get notice or when it come to young adults taking you seriously

Soroptimist International Of The Americas • 1709 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pa 19103-61. Designing a Club Mentoring Program for Girls (n.d.): n. pag. Web.

This website was a worldwide perspective on how women in general needs to be mentored.  it talks a number of different programs, such as Soroptimists which strive to improve the lives of women and girls in our community today communities and throughout the world. Basically what the site said  is the Soroptimists use their time, talents and financial resources to enrich their communities and improve the lives of women and girls.  I though know that a mentoring program for girls is a way of achieving  goals interesting because it helped realize my whole purpose of doing this This website was useful because it had a kit that helps with everything I needed to know about mentoring.

"Benefits of Mentoring." Benefits of Mentoring. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This website talks about the benefits of mentoring and it also explain very well what it metor mean. The website is basically saying that  a mentor is a caring, adult friend who devotes time to a young person. and that Although mentors can fill any number of different roles, all mentors have the same goal in common to help young people achieve their potential and discover their strengths. it also say that mentors should understand they are not meant to replace a parent, guardian or teacher. A mentor is not a disciplinarian or decision maker for a child. I think is was interesting to see them say “A mentor's main purpose is to help a young person define individual goals and find ways to achieve them. Since the expectations of each child will vary, the mentor's job is to encourage the development of a flexible relationship that responds to both the mentor's and the young person's needs.” I think that helps me understand my goals.

"Coaching and Mentoring For Dummies." :Book Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 10Jan. 2011.

Using this book, I found simple ways to mentor my “clients”. Of Course they are important to me, and I want them to feel special. I don’t want to just have them sit down and talk, I want them to feel free to talk about anything, and guide them to the right path. If you don't know what to say, why say anything at all? This book will help me to think about what I should say in certain circumstances, and they give me ideas on how i should go about, in certain ways.

"Definition of Mentoring - Benefits of Mentoring." Definition of Mentoring - Benefits of Mentoring. N.p., n.d. Web.15 feb. 2010.

This website allows me to actually know what the word “mentoring means’. yes, i am familiar with the term because it relates back to guidance. However, the true meaning of mentoring will allow me to actually show the students I am mentoring what it will mean to them. Actually getting to know something and someone is more than just a  job titile, its feeling that passion and connection between the mentor and the student. It allows them to actually feel wanted and special, and feel like they have a special someone who actually wants to lead them somewhere. They have role models...not “mentors”.

Edmonds, Molly. HowStuffWorks., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

Teens will always have problems, they will alway think that people are coming at them, or attacking them. So I have learn that always keep in mind what you say to youth. Also watch tones when speaking, there’s a difference between making them understand that you care vs making them feel attack. Science shows that many teens are usually not very stable in the mind, so when you don’t remind them of something they tend to just let rocks fall on them without moving. This website was very useful and had very good information about the nature of teens.

"The Mentor Experience: Open Your Heart and Home." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is an excellent way to show how i really want to mentor people. i want to have a lasting experience, not something people dread coming to. I want them to be excited that they are coming to me for the meetings and that they can actually lookup to me. The whole reason for me to mentor or guide someone to the right path, is because i’ve had plenty of mentors when people who are supposed to be there for me, weren’t. I want people to know that they will always have someone, even if it does look like no one. Leaving  a mark in someone's heart is very deep, whether it was negative  or positive, and i want to leave a lasting impression on someone.

Mentoring Kids Pays off." Rochester Democrat and Chronicle. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

“I can’t begin to count the number of times in my life I’ve had to get up in front of a group of people in a board room and present information. But standing up in front of a group of students in a classroom is totally different. Especially when you know those young people need you and are listening intently to every word you are saying.“this is a wonderful example of how people feel when they need mental support. People need mentoring for numerous reasons, and they are all diverse. From big to small, everyone needs encourage, and I am willing to offer my best, and offer my helping hand to them.

"Rebuilding A Broken Generation." Teens Of America -. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is just a website about teens in America in general. There are a lot of other people trying to build the teens in America back up and I think this website does a really good job at point out the problems and how we can fix them. I have learn from this website that everything is not going to be possible, but that it will take patient and time. I am willing to put the time and effort. The website states that kids need to know that you have the time for them and you have the time to care.

Media link:

Raekwon Smith Capstone

The inspiration behind this Capstone began when I was in my Junior year. I was in Mr. Miles’ class and he said, “I wish someone would so video game reviews for their capstone, like play the games and extensively review them in the end.” When I heard him say this I knew I was the perfect person to do this. I was able to mix video games with school and it actually made school fun for once. It was difficult for me at first because I couldn’t decide which games I wanted to play because there are just so many I have an opinion about. Finally, I chose to play new games and let people know if they are worth playing and buying or not. I had more difficulties when I decided that I wanted to play all Xbox One games because the system was my father’s and he moves in from room to room and on occasion takes in out of town with him. This means I had to find time to play the games while I balanced schoolwork, baseball, and people always being around the Xbox. Eventually, I found the time to do this and was able to complete the games to my best capability and write the best reviews possible.

Link to Website:


"Resident Evil Review - IGN." IGN. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

When I first looked at this resource, I already knew that it would be quite helpful. It touches on a genre of video games that I will be reviewing which is Shooters, Role Playing Games also known as RPG’s, Action and Adventure. It show’s me how to format a review and what things I should include. I also know which things would probably be pointless to include. IGN is a well known website and they are one of the official gaming sites. I know they would be a good source and a good model for how a review should look.

"NBA 2K15 Review - IGN." IGN. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

When I first looked at this resource, I already knew that it would be quite helpful. It touches on a genre of video games that I will be reviewing which is Sports and Role Playing Games It gives me a good idea on how to format a review and what things I should include. I also know which things would probably be pointless to include. IGN is a well known website and they are one of the official gaming sites. I know they would be a good source and a good model for how a review should look.

Interview with True Black

Video Games." Personal interview. 15 Apr. 2015.

Interviewing True gave me the perspective of the causal gamer. He is someone who loves to play video games but isn’t a hardcore gamer. He provided me with a solid conversation that lasted for more than 20+ minutes. This interview will help show the diversity in the gaming community

"WWE 2K15 Review - IGN." IGN. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

I knew that this review would be quite helpful. It touches on a genre of video games that I will be reviewing which is Sports and Role Playing Games It gives me a good idea on how to format a review and what things I should include. I also know which things would probably be pointless to include. IGN is a well known website and they are one of the official gaming sites. I know they would be a good source and a good model for how a review should look.

"Twitch." Twitch. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

Twitch tv shows me examples on how to conduct a live stream video. Twitch allows to you to live stream a video and people can watch you and it tells you how many people are currently viewing you and allows them to comment during the stream. Twitch is a partner with both the Xbox One and The Playstation 4 which are owned by Microsoft and Sony respectively and this would allow me to live stream my gaming as I play so being able to live stream is pretty easy and gives me options on how I want to present my content.

"Middle Earth: Shadow Or Mordor Review - IGN." IGN. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

When I first looked at this resource, I already knew that it would be quite helpful. It touches on a genre of video games that I will be reviewing which is Sports and Role Playing Games It gives me a good idea on how to format a review and what things I should include. I also know which things would probably be pointless to include. IGN is a well known website and they are one of the official gaming sites. I know they would be a good source and a good model for how a review should look.

Game Informer Magazine

Miller, Frederic P., Agnes F. Vandome, and John McBrewster. Game Informer. Beau Bassin, Mauritius: Alphascript, 2011. Print.

When I first looked at this resource, I already knew that it would be quite helpful. It touches on a every genre of video games that I will be reviewing which is Sports, Role Playing Games, action adventure,  It gives me a good idea on how to format a review and what things I should include. I also know which things would probably be pointless to include. Game Informer is a well known video game magazine and they are one of the official gaming magazines. I know they would be a good source and a good model for how a review should look.

Interview with Penelope Deoliveira

Video Games." Personal interview. 15 Apr. 2015.

Interviewing Penelope gave me the perspective of the more hardcore gamer. She is someone who loves to play video games and wants to create video games for a living. She has already created her own video game and I was able to play and review her work. This interview will help show the diversity in the gaming community as she is deemed as a “female gamer”

Sophia DeOliveira's Capstone

Doing this project taught me so many things. For my capstone, Jamira and I did a fashion line to express what we really like on our clothing. Growing up in different neighborhoods, but the same generation, our pieces came out basically the same. Each piece we designed had a part of each other's thought and suggestions written on it someway. We thought of a way to gain attention and attract certain people's eye's in some type of creative way. We found that people often turn to clothes when stressed- or if they just simply want to pamper themselves. Whatever the case, we saw that people would actually like our stuff, and we could sell it (giving the money to some type of beneficial fundraiser).

The whole process over all was such an enjoyment. The actual printing of our first shirt was documented on snap chat, and we couldn't be more excited. We saw that "Ajeji" was going to be big. We made designs on Photoshop (so a big shout out to them), and we just couldn't wait to post our clothes on the website that are available for purchase. This capstone that team work really does make the dream work. Without Jamira focusing on the business aspect of the whole thing, i would have been to busy to even make the clothes. Jamira is extremely persuasive, and I'm good with my imagination. so together we created a really nice project and clothing line. We sold the products to different people, and the fashion show was an over all success. 



Antoinette Hiller Capstone

When it comes to the SLA community, I think that it’s pretty clear how passionate their players can get when it comes to showing their love for a sport. For one ultimate player, Imani Holness, this movie/ documentary is meant to step into her life and show the viewers what life as a frisbee player is all about. This film is meant to show that women can have just as much love for a sport as a man. We wanted to touch the audience in a sense of giving back and to remind those that passion, dedication and hard work knows no gender or other human characteristics, if you give enough of yourself to something that you care about, it will show. On another note, Imani also wanted to give back to the sport that she loves by showing how she got into ultimate frisbee the way that she did. For every building, there’s always a ground that it’s placed on first. In the movie , she shows and talks about how she grew into the of the most powerful frisbee players in the field. As well as the magazines and photo shots she’s been featured in. This film is perfect for the people that don’t fully understand the ultimate life. We are convinced that, if used the right way, can change people’s views about the whole frisbee sport forever. We are convinced that viewers can be inspired and show that they can be more than they are by giving themselves that little push they need.
Since there is just a couple more footage that we want to get, we created a trailer to show just the slight preview of what is come in the movie. We do have intentions to record the final last touches at states. Here is the link:

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Julien Sykes Capstone

America is supposed to be land of the free and the home of the brave.  This is supposed to be a place where everyone is treated equally and fairly but yet we still have a mindset that dates back to the 1800's.  Recently, there have been a lot racial tension and friction because of the case of Michael Brown.  His killer, Officer Darren Wilson, was not tried for his crime and still continues to live as a free man.  That decision brought so much devastation and hopelessness to some of my peers that I felt obligated to do something about it.  This extremely unfortunate incident sparked inspiration for my Capstone.  I felt that topic in the media is often overlooked and I wanted to shed some light on it but I also wanted to be creative with my Capstone.  I didn't want it to be a generic piece of work that I did not care about at all so I gathered some artists around the school who made submissions and gave explanations on why they support the cause and what their piece represents/symbolizes.  The platform I decided to use was a website because the site can live forever on the Internet and would not be so easily forgotten.  If we want to change to happen, we have be a constant presence in the face of our attackers.  

​"5 Website Design Tips to Make Your Site More Attractive -" WebDesignOutsourcenet. N.p., 31 Jan. 2010. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

This website gave me the insight I needed to make an attractive website.  I want my website to be something that we easy on the eyes and can still keep the interest of the reader.

"Tips to Make Your Website More Visually Appealing." Metroland Digital Solutions. N.p., 03 Jan. 2014. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

I needed to find multiple sources on the same topics to see which ones were the most mentioned.  Since some tips were very repetitive, I feel that they were the most important to address and follow through with.

"Make Your Website Famous." Entrepreneur. N.p., 16 Aug. 2007. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

Another thing every website needs is notoriety.  For my Capstone to make an impact on society, I had to learn how to make it a topic on everyday conversations amongst people.  Therefore, I needed to gain insight as to how to approach it.

"4 Creative Ways to Attract More Visitors to Your Website." 99U. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

To keep my website from being boring or generic, I used this article to find more extraordinary ways to present my website’s presence to other people.  I also felt that with a creative way to reach people, my site was bound to be remembered by them.

Bergman, Sirena. "Top Tips for Designing a Business Website." The Guardian. N.p., 22 Feb. 2013. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

This another source on how to build an effective site.  It contains tips on how to build a site for a business but I still think they can apply for my site/blog.

"The Complete Guide to Building Your Audience." Quicksprout. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

Since I want to attract a diverse group of readers to my website, I needed to learn how to attract an audience.  This source really helps me understand how to readers will think and react to the different aspects of the sites they visit.

Smith, Jacquelyn. "14 Ways To Make Your Blog Get Real Attention." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

This is another source for achieving notoriety for your site.  I feel that multiple sources can it easier to determine which pieces of advice are the most important.

Gunelius, Susan. "15 Tips to Increase Blog Traffic." N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

When I found this source, I thought that it would help my notoriety in an upward direction as the rest of them would.

"How to Identify Your Blog's Target Audience." One Cool Site. N.p., 01 Sept. 2013. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

This article is different in terms of content.  This site gives the signs and giveaways of what audience your site attracts and how to change that if necessary.

Sabourin, Tori. "How to Build An Audience for Your New Blog." SHIFT Communications PR Agency Boston New York San Francisco Austin RSS. N.p., 17 Sept. 2014. Web. 22 May 2015. <>.

This source gave me the information I needed to build an audience.  It suggests reaching all parts of the demographic with universal, objective content.

True Black Capstone

​For My Capstone, I wanted to study something that was rather close to me but maybe misunderstood by others. So I decided to do a documentary on student athletes. Being a student athlete has always been something I have held close to me, so I figured that getting the perspective of my fellow peers and teammates. Professional filmmaking is rather new to me, but I was inspired after recent successes in making a professional documentary to try my hand at it once again for my Capstone. While doing this project, I learned how similar athletes across all sports seem to feel and view the sport they play and the responsibilities that follow.

"Marcus LoVett Has The MOST Handle In High School! OFFICIAL Hoopmixtape Vol. 1." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web.

Alexa Eddy Capstone

Often in my city, especially around my old house in North Philly, all I see is ugly. Trash is thrown everywhere, creeping weeds gnarled and thrusting themselves out of the concrete, and there is no sign of life. It made me sad to see only grey colors and brown colors and sometimes weird bright colors if the houses were painted differently. But lots of times I would see a sea of sadness and a lot of bored people with lost hope and nothing to do. People in urban areas do not get as much opportunities (and lots of them don’t have the means) to access land to help them self sustain themselves when it comes to produce and lots of times people don’t even know where to start. That is why I made my website. For all beginners who would like to bring a little more life and growth into their lives. A little more green and a little less grey. I feel like there could be so many benefits to growing plants, to start off, my website is featuring growing herbs and vegetables. Growing things like that ,especially if they’re perennials (plants that produce things every year) can benefit in so many ways. It’s not expensive, people can learn to be self reliant, and the education they will receive by growing their own plants is a reward all on its own. I even asked Dunda to use it as a source for her class. I’m very proud of my benchmark and the work I put in to it and I wouldn’t change it for the world.

My Project:


  1. Katie. "10 Great Uses for Basil Leaf Herb." Wellness Mama. Katie-Wellness Mama, 14 July 2012. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

I chose this website as one of my sources because of it’s information not only on the usual uses for basil but the medicinal uses as well. Basil was the first herb on my list. Wellness Mama is also a normal mother with kids, this is a blog. And she helps relate to the common people which is what I am trying to do with my site as well. I found a couple of ways basil can be helpful which some even surprised me as well. This is important because I want people to see all the uses for basil. I’m not a doctor but I do believe that plants do help with aiding wounds or sicknesses.

2) "A-Z Herb List." A-Z Herb List. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

I chose this website to help me make the layout of my herbs from A to Z. I needed to format my herbs in order so that it would look better and that I can sort and organize my directions and recipes accordingly. A lot of my herbs will probably be organized according to this website and how I manage it will probably be according to this website. I just want as many names in alphabetical order as I can possibly get. I’m hoping to get other information out of this as well as a list of produce that people can grow at home.

3) "How to Grow Basil." WikiHow. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

Even though I do like plants, I won’t say I know everything about them. I know how to grow Basil but I’m not entirely sure on how to go about picking the leaves or harvesting them and this website helps a lot. Wiki how is a website where people post tutorials about how to do different things. Ranging from nails to how to commit suicide which is not okay but I guess it helps anyone who needs it. Wiki how has actually helps me through a lot of situations in my life and I felt like this tutorial was easy and simplified to the fullest and that’s why I used this source.

4) "Basil." Gourmet Garden. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

I got this for the image. Gourmet Garden is a website that focuses on show casing their herbs a lot. They also have different recipes for their different herbs and they also have a store to showcase their products. They are famous for having their ready to use herbs which is herbs that you want ground up in a tube with some liquid to keep it fresh I supposed. They have ranges of herbs like chives, cilantro, basil, and more and can be found in stores like Wal-Mart, they also have a portfolio for different herbs which is pretty cool.

5) "Basil Pesto Recipe : Food Network Kitchen : Food Network." Basil Pesto Recipe : Food Network Kitchen : Food Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Jan. 2015.

I used this website to extract this recipe. Pesto is delicious and is one of the typical dishes that someone would use when it comes to basil. The FoodNetwork Channel is a channel that has transformed from helping people to cook, to a lot of competitions. There is nothing wrong with this but it does take the quality out of the channel. Thank God for the website. They also have magazines and different books published from them. They also have a range of chefs with different t.v shows, one of the famous t.v shows is called diners, drive-ins, and dives where Guy Fieri goes around and finds the best restaurants state to state.

6) Schrock, Denny. "Easy-to-Grow Herbs." Better Homes & Gardens. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

I used this link to help me find herbs that are easy to grow. The reason why I need herbs that are easy to grow is because the people that I am basing my audience on, even though I’m broadcasting it to everyone, I want to make sure that people who are just beginning have an easier time and a positive experience. It’s good to have easier subjects for people who want to start out. And in my opinion, herbs are the easiest thing to grow. You prune them to prolong “seeding” and then you keep pruning them as you need them and they grow fast. Good for anyone who wants a cute garden, or fresh herbs to cook with.

7) Rhoades, Heather. "How To Plant Chives – Growing Chives In Your Garden."Gardening Know How. N.p., 20 Aug. 2008. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

I chose this site for directions and for the picture. I grow chives myself and I can personally say that it was an easy and positive experience. I chose to include chives because they are easy to grow, sprouting in a week and not only are they easy, you can cut them as they grow. They replenish fast so it can save the grower money and a little seed produces a lot of plant. I also chose to include them in my project because they are flavorful and there are a lot of home-cooks who are interested in keeping a garden.

8) "Smoky Salmon Chive Spread Recipe |" N.p., Nov. 2009. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

I chose this site because for every type of herb, vegetable, fruit, or even flower, I need a recipe for it. And I found this chive salmon dip and thought that it would be appropriate and cheap for the home cook/home grower to make. The herb would cost nothing if you grow it yourself, and the salmon is canned as well. Not only does it not cost a lot to make, the recipe actually gives you more servings than indicated so you actually get more for your buck than you think. This is why I chose this source, it was delicious and helpful.

9) "Dill Seeds Zesty Seasoning." Dill Seeds For Sale. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2015.

I chose this website for the picture alone, not only foes it give me a picture for the seeds but it gives me some information as well. The edonbrothers sell seeds and plants in bulk and is good for anyone who wants to buy things in bulk. I will be mentioning this in interesting finds on my website. They sell flower seeds, wild flower seed mixes, vegetable seeds, herb seeds, heirloom seeds, organic seeds, and flower bulbs.I want to include this in my interesting finds for people who do not want to necessarily start everything form pure seed themselves.

10) "Diapers Help Your Plants Grow!" YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015.

This is probably my favorite source out of them all. This is called “Diapers Help Your Plants Grow” and it was uploaded by a youtuber who finds random projects to work on. In this certain situation, he uses a (new) diaper to help plants grow. He fills it up with water and then the takes out the stuffing and mixes it with the dirt. It makes potting soil light and fluffy and the reason for that is the cotton wadding gets wet and mixes up with crystals that can hold 500 times their weight in water. The reason why I decided to include this in interesting fines is because it’s environmentally friendly and produces good results in a weird way.

11) "How To Use Fresh Herbs." N.p., n.d. Web.

I wanted to use this source because I know that a lot of people want to grow herbs so that they have fresh herbs available in the kitchen. And they are great in containers as well! I know that herbs are the easiest to grow and a lot of people can have them ready and available, and they’re good for beginners!

12) "A Sampler of 12 Common Garden Herbs." Sunset. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.

I chose this site because it had a simple list of herbs that I can follow. Before I put any serious information in I really need to organize my website. I’m gathering about 10 parts for each categories in my website so I need about 10 herbs to start out with.

The first 12 sources were my initial sources to begin the website. The following sources are going to be for my herbs:

13) "Bonnie Plants - Garden Plants for Your Vegetable Garden or Herb Garden." Bonnie Plants. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I chose Bonnie Plants for a source because this website actually had a lot on the information for all the herbs I was going to feature on my website. Bonnie Plants is a national plant wholesaler. They sell plants and they also sell biodegradable pots. They have 70 green house locations around the country. They are dedicated to green gardening and sell products that are safe for the environment.

14) "Gardening Know How - Happy Gardening! Ask a Gardening Question, Get a Gardening Answer." Gardening Know How - Happy Gardening! Ask a Gardening Question, Get a Gardening Answer. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I chose gardening know how because I needed certain information on how to grow a couple of herbs and this is actually a very good source. This site is a great site for someone who is looking for straight to the point answers. It’s creator, Heather Rhoades noticed that there were not many friendly and easy to understand sites about gardening and at first there was not much activity but soon people came flocking with questions and many more articles were made.

15) "A Round Rock Garden." A Round Rock Garden. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I used this site for the purposes of learning how to harvest, in this case it was sage. This is a blog. The owner of this blog has a garden out in Austin, Texas and this was their first attempt at documenting organic gardening in an urban setting. They made their website to show self-reliance because now and days people tend to rely on the technology of modern agriculture. They are going back to the olden times of self reliance but are putting new twists on them. Check out their “About us” it’s pretty cool.

16) "Our Herb Garden." Our Herb Garden. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I specifically used this website to learn how to grow and harvest thyme along with other herbs. This site got started initially with a culinary journey while the owners were also trying to grow an herb garden. Basically their about is how they chose to grow their garden to correlate with their culinary adventures.

17)"Learn How To Grow Your Own Herb Garden Indoors or Out!" Herb Gardens. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I used this site to help me learn how to grow mint. This is a credible source because it has three sections whic are growing herbs in containers, growing herbs indoors, and growing herbs with hydroponics.

The next five sources are for my vegetables:

18)"Home - Harvest to Table." Harvest to Table RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

Harvest to table is a website created for both the beginner and the veteran gardener. It was made to find easy solutions for a bunch of gardening problems and the site is very pretty. And clean cut so learning how to grow snow peas wasn’t that hard. The owner of this site is a man named Steve Albert. He’s very good to his crops and his goal is to make them better and better each year and tries not to use a lot of fossil based fertilizers.

19)"Off The Grid News Better Ideas For Off The Grid Living." Off The Grid News. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I chose offthegridnews as a source because they had an article teaching me about perennial onions which I didn’t even know existed. I thought they were all annuals. There isn’t too much in their about but I know living off the grid is like going completely natural and is actually a life style that I am willing to integrate part of it into my life. They have news, tips, tricks, and tutorials about living onthe land and living off the grid. I think perennials are good for living off the grid because they make new produce every year.

20)"WHFoods Site Search." WHFoods Site Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

Okay so I used this site for all my veggies. This site is fantastic for finding nutritional value, uses for the vegetable, and it even gives a bunch of history for each vegetable that I chose to include in my website. WHF stands for the “World’s Healthiest Foods” and they even have their own book. It is one of the most visited websites for health information so it’s a great source to use. It is non-profit and owned by the George Mateljan foundation.

21)"Vegetable Garden - Plan Grow Harvest." Vegetable Garden - Plan Grow Harvest. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I used this website to help me learn how to grow carrots. There is no about page but basically it is this elderly man who grows everything and makes his own compost as well. He has kids, well, his own children that help him work on his garden. This is a credible source because I can see his results and I can see what he is working in. I can see everything he is doing so I can trust it.

22) "Menu." The SelfSufficient Living. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.

I chose this site just for some references. This site is about living simple and relying on your own home grown produce to get you through life. It’s about growing your own food, raising your own livestock, and avoiding “professional help” as much as possible. It’s about taking the natural things in life and appreciating it.

This is my bibliography with all my sources, it's not annotated (I annotated the most important ones):