Tomy Fleurine Capstone

​I created a mixtape/album. I wanted to host a soccer tournament but my original partner proved to be not as available as I hoped and I was not able to raise the funds that I needed in order to have a successful tournament. My goal when starting my capstone was to do something that I can really relate to, have talent in, and that I love. I have been writing music since I was younger and had some songs I wanted to produce and put out there so it was not really a hard decision for me. Furthermore, I was able to find someone else with a Capstone exactly like mind, Ameer Forte. He planned to focus on rapping in his album and I planned to focus more on singing and producing. Therefore, I thought would be smart to work with him and create the album together. 

This has been a masterpiece in my opinion. All the Science Leadership Academy core values have been incorporated into this project. I collaborated with Ameer to get it done along with his uncle so collaboration was key. I have researched different ways to sing work on my voice so it sounds clearer, editing songs and make them sound good, and getting into a good flow of songwriting so research was key. I used inquiry to use my new found knowledge and apply it into the final product. I also used the remaining two core values which are presentation obviously and reflection. Enjoy. 

https://www.scienceleadership.org/media/open/38711
01 Intro_ I Hope You Feel Me (Prod. DougieOnTheBeat)
Our Struggle(Prod. Uncle Savage AKA Ramsey Forte
Dirt (Prod. Daw Beats)
04 All My Love Feat. Tomy Fleurine (Prod. Roland Forte & Classixs Beats)
05 Right My Wrongs_When I lost it (Prod. Lobia)
06 The Scene (Interlude) (Prod. P.SOUL)
Never Trust. (Prod. beatsinmybackpack)
Rotation Feat. Sincere The King (Prod. Nique Musiq & Ameer Forte)
09 We'll Be OK (Prod. Ricky Vela & Ameer Forte)
Tbh (Prod. Uncle Savage & Ameer Forte)
All The Feels (Interlude) (Prod. Ameer Forte) 2
Love Story Feat. Keely (Prod. Curtis Drummond)
13 Intentions (Prod. Flip)
Outro_All I Know (Prod. Canary Julz)

Annotated Bibliography

"Advice for New Referees | US Youth Soccer." US Youth Soccer. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

Since we will be spending so much money for the tournament, we won’t have enough to hire referees for the game. We will be doing the refereeing ourselves therefore we needed a website showing us how to referee a game. Soccer is a very fast paced and dangerous game so we need to be fair to everyone and be in favor of the safety of everyone. However, we can’t be too soft and we need to know when people are flopping and when people are being fake. There is going to be yelling at the referees especially since they have to pay money to enter the tournament therefore we need to learn how to keep our composure. This website is a really good source about referees and how to referee effectively.


"Affiliates." Tournament Travel. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


Soccer is played all through America. Especially in the youth soccer system in America, in these systems there are many tournaments. These tournaments help organize American soccer in ways that help develop soccer players throughout America in ways that help strengthen the game of soccer throughout America. This source gives an example of how soccer tournaments are supposed to be announced, documented, promoted, and hyped up to produce numerous participants and sustain organization.


"How to Organize a Soccer Tournament." WikiHow. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

Organizing a soccer tournament takes a lot of time and energy. You have to promote to the public what you’re going to do, let as much as the public as possible know, and have the energy to have a successful tournament. Through hard work and dedication, a successful soccer tournament can be made. Sources like this help us understand how a tournament is supposed to work. Through making sure how everything is supposed to function to making sure everyone is having a good time. This source is an excellent way to help someone organize a tournament of any kind.


"How to Play Soccer." WikiHow. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


Soccer, who is also known as football everywhere besides the U.S., Canada and Australia, is a fun, competitive game. It is the most-played sport in the world, with over 200 million players in about 200 countries. Now, it is referred to as "the beautiful game" because of its dazzling degrees of technical skill, team play, and individual contribution. This source shows a lot of information about the sport itself and it shows a lot about what you need in order to become a successful soccer player. It also shows a lot about different kits and other objects you need in order to play the sport.

"How to Host a Kick-Ass Event - Eventbrite Blog." Eventbrite Blog. 2009. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


Hosting an event a takes a lot of work and hard dedication, and sweat and tears, blood and guts, haha jk . But forreal hosting an event is no joke, with it has to come a heart to serve your community and to have fun of course. Many events, whether they are formal events for an office party, concerts for famous singers or performers, or anything that requires an immense amount of concentration and dedication. This source helps us understand what it takes to host a successful public event.

Micah’s:

"How To Play Soccer." How To Play Soccer. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

Soccer allows people to stay healthy and energized. Through this tournament, not only will the community be positively affected but it will enhance the knowledge of my partner and I to be better with our organizational skills as well as helping our community in ways we don’t have to. We plan on having money to raise to help the community through selling drinks at the tournament. We plan on even possibly teaching some of the kids at the tournament soccer as well. Understanding fully how to play soccer is necessary to complete this tournament. This source helps greatly with our cause.


"North Texas Soccer." Tournament Applications and Forms. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

This source is a  really good source. It shows a lot of different tournament applications that we need to host the tournament. Soccer is a very fun and amazing sport however, it is also very dangerous. That’s the reason why we need a lot of different forms in order for a tournament hosting to be legal. This source provided me with a lot of information and forms so that my capstone can be successful. I’m going to get people to sign the forms and I’ll be good. This website is essentially a template for tournament forms.



Oklahoma Soccer Association." How To Host A Tournament. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

This source helps us understand with much more understanding of how to create a successful tournament. We have many sources that help us make a successful tournament on this doc and this one is one of the most valuable. It helped us understand there is more to a tournament than just making it. It helped us see the true meaning of helping the community and what it means to have a successful Capstone.

"How To Play Soccer." How To Play Soccer. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.



"Tournament Brackets - Printable Single & Double Elimination." Tournament Brackets - Printable Single & Double Elimination. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


This source allows our group to understand how brackets. Brackets work different ways and work often. Brackets can work for tournaments, competitions, events, social events, athletic events, non-athletic events. Other events like baseball tournaments, bowling tournaments, football tournaments, golf tournaments, such as PGA, the Masters, soccer tournaments. Which the Champions League, Copa del rey, World Cup, and other soccer tournaments like these. Basketball tournaments such as March Madness, the amazing, incredible, world class event known as the Olympics, the NBA Finals, along with many other beautiful tournaments in the world of sports. Brackets will help us organize our soccer tournament better.


"The Philly Soccer Page." The Philly Soccer Page. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


Soccer is an amazing sport. Around the world, almost every country plays this sport, from Germany, to Australia, from Japan, to China, America, Greenland, Brazil, Argentina, Italy, France, England, Austria, Belgium, Narnia, Canada, Honduras, Peru, Turkey, Jamaica, Switzerland, Hawaii, Nigeria, Russia, North Korea, Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, the Congo, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, along with many others in the world. Soccer is a great sport. This source helps us understand world soccer better which ultimately helps us understand soccer better, which then helps us understand soccer better, in our city, which then helps us understand soccer better to do this tournament which then helps us complete this tournament because we understand soccer so well. This is a very beneficial sport.


Rockets Finish 2nd Straight Undefeated Reg Season; Earn 1st Rd Bye, Host Rd 2 Game on Fri, 5/20

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The past two weeks have been rough for the Rockets. Multiple rainouts, shuffled games and a shortage of officials led to seemingly interminable breaks in action before the final three regular season games could be played. The waiting was certainly frustrating, but when it came time to play the Rockets outscored their last three opponents 35-6. Freshman Kristian Ramos had his Varsity debut, going 5IP with 9Ks, no walks and gave up just 1 ER. SLA starters racked up another 32 Strike Outs to just 5 Walks, and while pitching has been dominant all season, the offense had it going on too. With each opponent suffering through at least one dreaded inning when every Rocket would bat, sometimes twice, before the defense could record 3 outs. 

Kensington dropped a late season game to Edison, which handed the B-Division title to the Rockets on a day they didn't even take the field. Even though they had won their 2nd straight Division title, which signified the team moving up to the top division of competition, the general energy on the team was, "so what's next!?" They knew they had won the B Division two entire weeks before it became official, but the hunger for something greater tempered the celebrations. The same held true when the final out of the regular season was caught by Senior Shaion Denny out in Left. The team gathered and lightly celebrated another undefeated regular season, but the true goal of a City Title was still five games away. 

More waiting would unfold as The Rockets wondered aloud who they would face in the 2nd round after a well-earned Bye in the first round. 2016 will mark the first time in team history they earned a Bye and will get to host the winner of MLK (B6) and Maritime (C6) from a lower Division. SLA knows a little bit about what it means to be underestimated, so they aren't taking anyone lightly once the tournament starts. 

And they'll channel that "we can beat anyone" energy on Friday in Mt. Airy just as they did against Germantown Friends a few weeks ago. Lots of games and Divisions are still on the line, but one thing is certain. Whomever wins on Wednesday, will have to deal with a Rocket team that outscored their opponents by 111 runs on the season and a starting rotation that posted an unheard of combined 0.58 ERA. A win on Friday will set the wheels in motion for another serious run at a City Title. 

NEXT UP: Either B6 MLK or C6 Maritime. Regardless, come out and support The Rocket on Friday, May 20th and you'll get to say you were there when the Title Run started. 

Home Playoff 1 (Rd 2)
Mt. Airy Playground
7001 Germantown Ave 
(btwn Sedgwick and Mt. Pleasant)
Game Time: TBD

Cameron Hinton-Capstone

​All throughout my high school experience, I have seen the same ole sport uniforms from each team. Each team used the same exact logo and the same colors. I wanted to change it up a bit for a more updated look for the school because we also have come a long way from when we first opened up.

For my senior capstone, I decided to come up with new designs for the sports teams in the school for seasonal uniforms and or fundraising purposes.I was first introduced to this by my coach, Mark Johnson, during our 2016 track and field season. He had explained to me how this would work for everyone because of how easy and simple it was. It’s called Ares Sportswear and it was a really beneficial and useful tool for my capstone.

My final product was to end up having a meeting with all the coaches in the school and have a little hands on session with the website so that they could get used to it and ask any questions that they would have. Essentially I set up accounts for each sport and then I had certain designs made depending on the sport. I think that this should be passed down and used for another capstone, because I know that sometimes the teams like to try different things and might want to continue to have different sport uniforms because when you look like a team, you play like one.

Here is the link to my bibliography
This is the link to the evidence

Jada Terrell- Capstone

For my capstone, I started a National Honor Society chapter at SLA. National Honor Society is an national organization that promotes leadership, scholarship, service, and character. It is popular in most high schools in Philadelphia, but there has never been an active chapter at SLA. I heard about NHS from my previous middle school, which also was a high school, because they had a chapter. The reason I took interest in this organization is because service and being an overall well rounded student means a lot to me. Education's importance has been emphasized in my family always. This process for my capstone began in 
June of 2015 when I was brainstorming what the 2015-16 school year would look like for NHS. My capstone mentor, and previous NHS member, is Ms. Jonas. Collectively, we brainstormed different service opportunities, how the application process would go, leadership activities we could execute, and more. I decided that service and leadership would be the two aspects that were emphasized. All NHS members executed their own volunteer work throughout the school year and have been committed to attending meetings. Meetings were about once a month, just to check in, plan what's coming next, etc. We had a formal  induction ceremony at the Franklin Institute where all members received a pin for recognition. NHS is not over. We have a group service project to close out the school year. I haven't quite decided what we are going to do exactly, this process of finding an organization with lots of opportunities for us is harder than I expected, but it's in the works. 
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  1. "Welcome, Students." National Honor Society. N.p., n.d. Web. Feb. 2016. <https://www.nhs.us/students>.

This is the National Honor Society website. I used this source for a lot of different reasons. I wanted to truly understand the mission/goals of NHS. There is a lot of information on this site about how to start a chapter, renewing a chapter, getting scholarship information, a link to the NHS apparel website and more. I learned about the 4 aspects of NHS: leadership, character, service, and scholarship. Reviewing this website, I now understand that it is essential to continue building leaders for this generation and servicing our communities, which are the two aspects I plan to highlight in my chapter.

    2. "Teaching Youth to Identify Essential Qualities of a Leader." FASTEN. N.p., n.d. Web. Feb. 2016. <http://www.urbanministry.org/wiki/teaching-youth-identify-essential-qualities-leader>.

This website was a good example for how to have the leadership development. In the NHS chapter, we need a foundation in such a way that we can build off. This website concluded that the major aspects and qualities are: courage, risk taking, confidence, self discipline, honesty, and perseverance. These I agree are qualities and skills that it takes to be a successful leader. A main aspect of NHS is leadership and I was concerned with having the proper tools necessary to have a leadership course. I think the most important are confidence, self discipline, and risk taking. Without those, you probably won’t be a successful leader.

     3. "National Honor Society (N.H.S)." Central High School. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://www.centralhigh.net/pages/CentralHigh/7197040085141361346/Main_Nav/6675467167782716626/Clubs_1/National_Honor_Society__N_H_S_>.

This is Central High School’s National Honor Society website. The reason I used this as a source for research because this is the first time I’m being directly exposed to NHS. This website serves as an inspiration for my website. I will add much more to mine but they have links to sign up for tutoring, an introduction article, etc. This website actually didn’t much information, but it served as an example of a website because I’m making on.

     4. "Mayor Jim Kenney's Office of Civic Engagement & Volunteer Service."Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://volunteer.phila.gov/#s>.

This website serves as a volunteer match database for Philadelphia. I have used this source in the past and will continue to do so as I am looking for different volunteer opportunities. This site, in my opinion, does a wonderful job in organizing the opportunities because they are broken down into different categories. It also gives the location. NHS could use this source because depending on the time of the year, the holidays, etc, we can plan accordingly to somewhat fit a thematic scheme.

      5. El, Savannah. "What Is NHS Like?" Telephone interview. Sept. 2015.

Savannah El is a close friend of mine who is a member of NHS at Girard Academic Music Program. I spoke with her to get an understanding of what NHS is. I also looked for different ideas that her chapter have done because this is something I’m doing for the first time.

      6. Jonas, Pearl. "What Is NHS?" In Person interview. June 2015.

Ms. Jonas, who is also my capstone mentor, was a NHS member in high school. The purpose of this interview was to establish her as my mentor. I also spoke with her about how we can implement NHS (a traditional club) in SLA (a modern-non traditional school). We worked over the summer to get ready for the school year. The interview was informal, however we outlined a lot for the year.

      7. SLA Juniors/Seniors. "NHS at SLA." Online interview. Oct. 2015.

I conducted a survey for SLA juniors and seniors. I got the word out to SLA about NHS by putting information on the advisory memo. The survey was for people to sign up. The information that I gathered from the survey was that most people are interested in leadership development/networking and service. The majority of people had volunteer experience and were interested in continuing it. That is how I got the idea to emphasize on leadership and service.

      8. Perle, Elizabeth. "Is National Honor Society Membership Worth It?" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/13/is-national-honor-society_n_3267251.html>.

This article was published on the Huffington Post by Elizabeth Perle. It is about whether or not a NHS membership is worth it or not. The article was very thoughtful is talking about what the membership actually means. The author explored the idea that it doesn’t matter if you are a member, it matters how active you are. At the end of the day, people aren’t interested in just hearing that you were a member, they are interested in hearing what you did as a member. That is something that I want to keep in mind as I am bringing this to SLA. I want to make sure that we are all active members and we keep a good name for NHS at SLA.

       9. Boyington, Brianna. "7 Essential Life Skills for High Schoolers to Build Before College." US News. U.S.News & World Report, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/2014/11/05/7-essential-life-skills-for-high-schoolers-to-build-before-college>.

I used this source to get ideas for things we can talk about/explore deeply about during times when we aren’t planning for an event. I want NHS to be about leadership development just as much as service and I want for us (the members) to learn together how to become better versions of ourselves. The seven essential life skills for high schoolers to build before college according to this site are: managing money, planning, staying safe and healthy, studying, apartment hunting, getting around, and cooking. I can try my best with my mentor to see which of these skills we can talk about.

      10. National Honor Society, Handbook 17th Edition. Reston, VA: n.p., 1974. Print.

This is the National Honor Society handbook. This handbook outlines everything regarding the chapter from procedures, mission, background, etc. This handbook helps the group outline the induction ceremony, how the members are selected, the duties of the chapter officers, the advisor, and the council, graduation ceremonial things, etc.


Osman Bangura Capstone


For my Capstone I shadowed a nurse practitioner at Pennbroke Health and Rehabilitation Center. During this time, I was able to get close, and hands-on experience with how medical practitioners work with patients. I got to witness one on one patient care, medical procedure and got to tour around a hospital. This was quite an experience, and I learned abundantly as to how it is when a medical practitioner is on duty. I learned how much effort and work goes into simply diagnosing patients and giving them proper treatment and care. There is so much documentation involved in treating patients, before actually treating them. I also learned about the collaborative roles of nurses and doctors, and was explained and demonstrated the differences between the two. This gave me great insight into what I want to do in the future, which solidified my interest in the medical field and gave me a sure fire feeling that this is what I wanted to do with my life. At the end of the shadowing I said goodbye to the nurse practitioner at Pennbroke and had took an audio recording of the whole shadowing event right up at the beginning, towards the end. Generously I was allowed a picture of nurse practitioner Tim Trotter. Overall the experience shaped and sharpened my knowledge towards the medical field and gave me a clear picture of what it's like to be a medical practitioner. 





Annotated Bibliography


  1. "Who's Who in the Hospital." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Steven Dowshen. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Aug. 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2016. <http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/medical_care/in_hospital.html#>. The information on this source is only for educational purposes, so it doesn't serve to make a profit from anything. It gives comprehensive information about the different roles of a hospital and makes clear what people do what in a hospital. This will help me understand the different types of people I will be assessing when I go to shadow in a hospital. If I know the people who work in a hospital, it will make it easier for me to understand different areas I'll be in when I try to shadow for my capstone. Also it's good to have that specific type of information, if I'm going to shadow I should know about the different people I'm shadowing.

  2. "Shadowing Physicians." Shadowing Physicians. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.uwmedicine.org/education/md-program/admissions/applicants/shadowing>. This is a medical school website. On this section of the website, it gives comprehensive information about shadowing and how people who may be interested in becoming doctors, go about shadowing. It is useful for my capstone because I will need to know how to shadow and how to go about it. It instructed me to try to get contacts, and even gave me a list of contacts, of national shadowing programs I could get myself into, to be able to shadow. It told me I should contact friends, my physicians, or family, also if I volunteer in a hospital, I could get a network of shadows there. It is a very helpful source and since it's on a medical school website, it is nonprofit. It also gave me a long list of questions to consider when I am shadowing, that really helped me get a broader idea of what type of information or insight I'm looking for when i'm going to shadow a doctor. It also let me know that shadowing is mainly to see if I'm appealed by all the things shadowing consist of.

  3. Wheeler, David. "Emotional Extremes: A Day in the Life of a Neurosurgeon." Emotional Extremes: A Day in the Life of a Neurosurgeon. The Chronicle of Higher Education, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.physics.ohio-state.edu/~perry/p596_au99/Assign/topics/neurosurgeon.html>. This is a good source, that gives factual and insightful information about how Neurosurgeons are. Specifically their work schedule and how they go about things throughout the day. The source is trustable because it's published from The Chronicle, which is not necessarily nonprofit, but has a firm goal of informing the public, which contains credible information and facts from credible sources. Also the writer is a publisher who graduated with a master's degree in journalism from Columbia University, and won several awards. He has written for publications like the Boston Globe and Washington Post, and has been writing for over 25 years at the Chronicle of Higher Education. He is a credible source and has extensive experience as a science writer. Furthermore, this source produces a real life example of a Neurosurgeon and pretty much writes out that Neurosurgeon's typical day. Spanning from talking about how that doctor has to work from the early morning to late at night, and to the different procedures and situations that doctor has to take care of. Also it talks about how a neurosurgeon has to go from successfully finishing a surgery, to having to spread the bad news of someone having a malignant brain tumor. For my capstone, It makes me understand the circumstances of shadowing a neurosurgeon, whereas their workload is very extensive and they are under constant daily pressure.

  4. "Unite For Sight." Guidelines for Observing and Assisting Doctors. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.uniteforsight.org/international-volunteering/module5>. This source is a nonprofit, and gives insightful information on several medical projects and procedures. This information gave me a greater understanding of observing a doctor. It showed me how to observe a surgery well, if I were to be shadowing a surgeon for my Capstone. This is essential because I need to know exactly how to observe and pay attention to a surgery, if I'm going to be shadowing a neurosurgeon and I get to that point. It taught me that I should always be quiet in an operating room, and try not to disturb the flow of the operation, also to listen to what the surgeon says at all times. When I'm observing a surgery during my shadowing, I will know exactly how to act, and I will act very properly. Not only in the operating room did it teach me how to act, but also in the Clinic, it told me to act with obeisance, which is essential to being stable when shadowing. When I go shadow, I will be able to properly be in a hospital environment.

  5. "About Neurosurgery." About Neurosurgery. Columbia Neurosurgical Associates, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.columbianeurosurgical.com/neurosurgery.php>. This is a credible source, it gives me background information about Neurosurgeons, and the different things involved in being a Neurosurgeon. It also differentiates between Neurosurgeons and Neurologist. It gives me good factual information about what neurosurgeons do. This is helpful because it gives me a firm understanding of how a Neurosurgeon would be operating, and the different types of surgeries they may be do. It be help me better be able to assess the different things a Neurosurgeon would be doing in a hospital, which would be helpful in me knowing how they are. This source is from a viable sponsor that gives veritable and trustable information to the neurosurgical area. It would give me an accurate description about neurosurgeons.

  6. "How To Effectively Shadow a Doctor as a Premed Student." The Medical School Headquarters. N.p., 24 Nov. 2012. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://medicalschoolhq.net/how-to-effectively-shadow-a-physician-as-a-premed-student/>. This is a credible source because it's derived from the medical School Headquarters, which is an upstanding derivation because it is centered around dispensing proper and precise information about medical school and things involving medicine. In this particular source it talks about how to effectively shadow as a pre-med student. This is helpful because it gives very proper information about how to shadow a doctor well, as a student. It says that one should shadow if they are trying to get knowledge and a closer look into the medical field, and also it says to expand horizons and go to different areas of the medical field to know what interest a person would have. It says how to shadow, where it talks about how a person should shadow a doctor consecutively for a couple of weeks, and really get insider experience about being a doctor. This helps me for my capstone because the plan would be to just shadow a doctor just once or a few times, over a spread out period, but it recommends to shadow the same doctor over a consecutive time frame, that's very helpful to me because i will grow a relationship with a physicians and really understand what it's like to be a physician. Also it tells how to act when shadowing, and the proper actions to go about, to be able to shadow. It also talks about how to maximize experiences when shadowing, whereas keeping a journal to catalogue key events and occurrences. This is helpful because I will really get a better sense of how to document my shadowing experience. Overall this is a very comprehensive and well written source.

  7. Becker, Christian. "Pre-Med Preparation: The Importance of Physician Shadowing - Student Doctor Network." Student Doctor Network. Coastal Research Group, 22 Mar. 2008. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.studentdoctor.net/2008/03/pre-med-preparation-the-importance-of-physician-shadowing/>. This is a very credible source because it is sponsored by the Student Doctor Network, which is an organizational and accredited online institution that talks about different aspects of medicine. It gives proper information. This source aids me in my capstone because it helps me have a good understanding of shadowing itself and shadowing physicians. It gives me good guidelines as to how to go about shadowing. It list times that are appropriate for shadowing and how to dress when shadowing. It also highlights the importance of shadowing physicians as a whole if one is trying to get into the medical field particularly. It says that a person should shadow a doctor to really get a better view of shadowing and it gives good credentials to applying to medical school, because of someone getting a closer inspection of hospital life and what it’s like to be a medical doctor.

  8. "University Academic Advising Center." Shadowing & Clinical Experience:. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.northwestern.edu/advising-center/extracurricular-opportunities/shadowing-clinical-experience.html>. This source gives valuable information about shadowing and clinical experiences. It relates shadowing to clinical experiences by pointing out that shadowing is important for people, especially students trying to become doctors, who would need that crucial type of experience. They also talk about how volunteering/shadowing at hospitals can be valuable experiences and help people. It talks about how one should be trying to establish a network of contacts to be able to better be able to shadow. It talks about the different opportunities available when trying to shadow, and programs involved in shadowing that can help people be able to shadow. This is a trustworthy source because it is from a University, and they are usually for educational purposes only, when dispersing information.

  9. "Shadowing & Faculty Mentors - Thomas Jefferson University." Shadowing & Faculty Mentors - Thomas Jefferson University. Thomas Jefferson University, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.jefferson.edu/university/skmc/student-resources/student-affairs/career-counseling/shadowing.html>. I looked through all the catalogues on Jefferson University’s website about shadowing and their available shadowing programs and found several different shadowing shadowing programs that I could be able to participate in, in order to be able to shadow doctors. One of the programs I found, allows those interested to shadow doctors working in different departments, which is helpful to me because I’m trying to shadow in the Neurosurgical department. It gave me different resources that I could use to be able to shadow, and different contacts, a few of which I’ve obtained where I can start contacting that hospital to try to arrange a shadowing date and look for available shadowing times. It is a useful source because it’s from Jefferson University and the information used is only for educational purposes.

  10. "Medical Students Training Program - Shadowing Program - Penn Surgery." Medical Students Training Program - Shadowing Program - Penn Surgery. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/surgery/Education/medical_students/shadowing_program.html>. This is a credible source because it is from the University of Pennsylvania, and only gives out factual information for educational purposes. It talked about their shadowing program held there and the circumstances that are held with it. It talked about how there are set times for shadowing and how a person shadowing has to be when they are shadowing at the hospitals offered. There were several contacts under the page of doctors who are very willing to give office hours for students who are interested in becoming physicians. This is an extremely helpful source for me, because now I have a comprehensive list of surgeons who I can contact.

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Malwina Dymek Capstone

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I knew I wanted to study biology when I go to college, but I never knew who I want to become. As a part of my senior Capstone project I decided to shadow a nurse practitioner to see if I am interested in working with the patients or do something else in the medical field as well. The office Adina works at is a private practice and its main focus are heart conditions. I started shadowing Adina in June 2015 and continued each Wednesday until May 18th, 2016 (total of 141 hours). I am glad I go to work with her for the past year because I learned a lot from her. This experience allowed me work with the patients and see what it takes to be a really good nurse practitioner. As my final product I created a website that includes my reflection of the shadowing experience and common health problems in the patients who came to the appointments. I learned how to talk to them because many people do not open up right away. I learned that patients need to be comfortable around you to say what is wrong or what are their concerns. Adina also taught me that in the medical field you should do everything you can so there is no harm and less medication, if possible.

Saul Salas Capstone

My capstone for 2016 was to teach the benefits of the learning experience of computer building in the most fundamental way. Ideally, building a computer does come with many misconceptions, one mainly how it can break or not work entirely and this is where my project explores these myths. PCPartPicker is a site I highly recommend to start building your computer. It has most computer parts that can be bought in their database, and has all the retailers of that part and the price. It tells you all about the parts, has guides to builds, and also a compatibility check to tell you if the parts you chose work, or if there will be any issues. But why should you care about computers? We use technology pretty much everyday and it’s hard to go by without internet at least once a day, and building a computer for yourself not only saves you money, but if any future problems occur, at least you’ll know what to do to solve this problem.

The picture below shows all of the parts I have used to create a working PC, showing knowledge that what I have created was ground up, easy, and accessible at a affordable cost.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

"Apple's Shameful Secret: Watch Factory Worker's Dead Body Discovered In River After Suspected Suicide –– See The Shocking Video." Radar Online. Radar Online, 23 Apr. 2015. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://radaronline.com/exclusives/2015/04/apple-watch-sweatshop-scandal-death-factory-worker-body-discovered-suspected-suicide/>.

Shameful events happening in china because of consumer products are constantly being bought by Apple’s customers. Apple is notorious for their products being made in china. They underpay their workers and sometimes force them to stay. Reason why this is being brought up is because of the laptops purchased from this school supports these deaths. As more and more people buy these computers made by Apple kills off someone in china and is a big reason why we shouldn’t support them. Building a computer is the most you can do to avoid a human’s life being wasted.


Mick, Jason. "Foxconn Installs Anti-Suicide Nets at Its Facilities." DailyTech. DailyTech, 29 June 2010. Web. 5 Feb. 2016. <http://www.dailytech.com/Foxconn+Installs+AntiSuicide+Nets+at+Its+Facilities/article18877.htm>.

These safety nets installed are to prevent suicide caused by china workers. It has been studied that a lot of these workers who fail at making a set amount of Apple products are forced to work overtime without extra pay, or else risk their jobs and the money they use to support their family which they can only see maybe once a year. It’s no wonder why these deaths occur, it’s because people don’t want to suffer the long hard working they are countlessly putting effort to make these Apple products, such as laptops. They even go as far to using child labor. This is one of many other companies that treats their workers like dirt if we continue supporting these brands we may or may not know about.


"Compare Mac Models - Apple." Apple. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.apple.com/mac/compare/>.

This is all the price range if you were to buy a MacBook. In SLA, when I was a freshman, MacBook computers were given to all students, they were older models and ran pretty fast. But checking the store page for buying a computer for today shows that these computers weren’t very cheap at all. The cheapest one on there is the MacBook Air that cost $899. The most expensive one on there is a bigger 5-pound laptop. The price is $1,999 for this suppose upgrade to the lower end models. Everything made from apple is inexpensive and the parts exactly used can be cheaper and justified if you go inside the physical computer itself. It’s evident that my own price range in comparison to theirs is way more cost efficient, cheaper, and faster.


"Computers and Their Impact." Computers and Their Impact. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.csun.edu/~lic42878/computers.html>.

The quotations such as “Our need for a practical philosophy of self-knowledge has never been greater as we struggle to make meaning from our lives on the screen” is a quote taken from a book (as it is cited) called “Who am we” and describes the importance and everyday uses of these wonders of technology and computers. It explains the importance to our needs and states that we grow more knowledge from our philosophy in the first paragraph. As it is kept reading, you’ll start to learn self inflicted benefits to these machines as we learn about the deep web and emotions brought by others as we are connected closer than we realize, and the transcendence of how we lose ourselves once we are thoroughly engaged on a computer.


Evans, Austin. "How to Build a $300 Gaming PC! (2014 Boson)." YouTube. YouTube, 02 Aug. 2014. Web. 02 Feb. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rQtUWjgxrd8>.

Austin Evans is a geek when it comes to technology and goes far in-depth when it comes to building computers, looking into technologies latest design, or goes over the parts of which is affected the most when building a computer. He goes as far to explain whether or not you should buy and how does these different types of hardware you decide to buy on is suitable for your needs. He builds computers very quite often and gives out tutorials and helpful guides for newcomers for building a computer. He also compares them to other hardware and software such as music, games, and TV.


"Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual." Final Cut Pro 7 User Manual. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <https://documentation.apple.com/en/finalcutpro/usermanual/index.html#chapter=13§ion=3&tasks=true>.

A lot of students uses their computer for personal needs, and as mention in the bibliography below. Shooting movies for project is another big one since spanish class and Herman requires good editing and clear presentation to upload on vimeo or youtube and a lot of our projects are saved on these computers. This source goes in detail the quality we finalize our video we shoot. But it’s not calculated on how the environment you shoot will combine your total amount of disk space required. But this information is useful to compare to the Dell Chrome Laptops that their business is selling, because it proves that making your own computer with the things you need shows how superior and smart building one is.


Miller, Nathaniel. "Building a Computer from Scratch - Nathaniel Miller." Nathaniel Miller. Web. 03 Feb. 2016. <http://www.people.eku.edu/mahaneyb/CISStudentClub/1006/index.htm>.

A to get list of all the possible parts you will need to build a computer. Ignore the USB port since the motherboard comes with it by default and the floppy disk drive. It also mentions that the CPU heats which doesn’t inform the reader to get a thermal paste for the cooling. So using this cite is a source to find the basic needs of what you need to build a computer but doesn’t go in-depth and should be used as a reference if you’re looking for parts that makes a check list. This acts as a checklist of things you would need to get if you need to find your parts if you need help searching for shops with these items online.


"New Dell Chromebook 11." Dell. Dell. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.dell.com/us/business/p/chromebook-11-3120/pd>.

Reason why it’s much more cheaper is because they’re providing their customers with very little disk space, RAM, CPU, and a battery that can have a short lifespan which will require you to replace every 6 or 8 month so, depends on how power you use. The disk space is so very little, you will run out of space if it were primarily used by students knowing that we use these computers more than just working, but for music, filming, photos, music, and games. Filming would be a major problem especially since an average 30 second shot is worth about 40 MB and seeing how these devices have only 16 GB to spare. Another reason why it’s cheaper is because my project is building a computer from scratch with items that are needed such as a DVD Drive, bigger computer case, a monitor, and mouse and keyboard.


"PC VERSUS MAC." PC VERSUS MAC. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~viettran/background.htm>.

Misconceptions and myths about the PC and Mac. Both systems are taken comparison on the website itself if you explore and tells which basic brand provides a chart. But in the link provided explains the misconceptions with sources to back up its evidence. It also shares the history of these computers and what makes them so cheap and speed for the two operating system with pros and cons. Some of the myths mentions are both relevant and confusing to get mistaken, but it digresses.


"Tomcat I7230W." TYAN. TYAN Computer Corp. Web. 3 Feb. 2016. <ftp.tyan.com/manuals/m_s5162_100.pdf>.

A pdf form that has worked with computers in the past. At the top of the of page shows the table of contents if you wish to skim through in you’re stuck on a specific area. This is very helpful to get through the bios and tells which option does what. It shows highlighted grey words that have settings on default. If it’s your first time going through the bios, skip to 3.6 to get to the boot menu to select your boot sequence in order choose the drive you want to boot your operating system. Once you’re done hit save and exit and don’t press anything. Keep in mind that a lot of motherboards have a different format of where these settings are placed but most of them should be located in the same place and name as it shows in the pdf.
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Ameer Forte: Capstone

​For my senior Capstone Project I decided to create a musical album. Coming to this conclusion was not difficult at all for me. Writing lyrics had always been a hobby of mine, I found peace in it. So when I was presented with a project that should reflect a year worth of work it was easy for me to turn my hobby into my project. The album consists of many themes, all of which revolve around my internal thoughts and struggles, thus the title "Journey Through My Mind". From rapping about childhood memories, to explaining difficulties with my family, to singing about former love, this album really reflects my high school experience and me as a typical angsty teenager. 
This album above all things allowed me to expresses myself and my love for music. I incorporated the core values of Science Leadership Academy into my project by Collaborating with various different producers and musicians to bring together one flowing body of music. By Researching ways to do production and quality recording on my own. By using Inquiry when applying what I was learning and incorporating it into my project and into my life any other way beneficial. By using Presentation when creating this blog post and broadcasting my work to the world. And finally by reflecting on the project I have completed and struggling with myself ways it could be better. I have learned that while this project was not the end result I was expecting, it is still beautiful because all music is just an expression of what you think about, with who thinks about you, and I am excited to share that piece of me with others. Hope you enjoy.
01 Intro_ I Hope You Feel Me (Prod. DougieOnTheBeat)
Our Struggle(Prod. Uncle Savage AKA Ramsey Forte
Dirt (Prod. Daw Beats)
04 All My Love Feat. Tomy Fleurine (Prod. Roland Forte & Classixs Beats)
05 Right My Wrongs_When I lost it (Prod. Lobia)
06 The Scene (Interlude) (Prod. P.SOUL)
Never Trust. (Prod. beatsinmybackpack)
Rotation Feat. Sincere The King (Prod. Nique Musiq & Ameer Forte)
09 We'll Be OK (Prod. Ricky Vela & Ameer Forte)
Tbh (Prod. Uncle Savage & Ameer Forte)
All The Feels (Interlude) (Prod. Ameer Forte) 2
Love Story Feat. Keely (Prod. Curtis Drummond)
13 Intentions (Prod. Flip)
Outro_All I Know (Prod. Canary Julz)

Annotated Bibliography:



GarageBand '09. Berkeley, Calif: Peachpit, 2009. Apple. Web.


This is the garageband manual. This PDF file manual includes all of the ins and outs of working with a music production production program like garageband. It has information on everything from beat making to recording vocals. This link is useful to my capstone because I have been using garageband to produce my music by creating beats and full instrumentals and it has helped me enormously having a manual to help me do it. I have also used garageband for practice with my vocals, and knowing how to do the different voice changes and pitch adjustments from the manual has helped me find what sounds good for me and what does not.


Stearns, Loudon. "Coursera - Free Online Courses From Top Universities."Coursera. Berkley College Of Music, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.


The Berkley College of Music is a very renowned school for the arts, especially for musical production and for singing. Just what I need. In this site, I found a lot of important information on how to produce music and all about things like how the music industry is undergoing enormous change, and as a result, musicians increasingly need skills in a number of different areas in order to succeed. And The Modern Musician Specialization is designed to provide you with a foundation in music theory, music production, and songwriting, arming you with the tools you need to write and produce your own music. It is a very useful source. I know it is reliable because it is a college catalog how to. This source will help my project in production going forward.



Chace, Zoe. "How Much Does It Cost To Make A Hit Song?" NPR. NPR, 11 June 2011. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.


This site is an article on music development explaining how much it costs to produce and put out music. It is by NPR, which is a reliable article site because all of their writers are sited and they give the sources where they got their sources and information. This article is basically al about how much it costs to make a song worth a hit value play. I learned from this source that a lot of famous recording artists spend a lot of money before even stepping into a studio, money on equipment and editors and producers to help them collaborate on the album or song any kind of music. I learned what I need to do in order to avoid any big money payments that I can't afford and so this article has been very useful to my capstone going forward.



Anderson, Pia, Dorius Reynard, and Moss. "Distinguishing Publishing from Producing in the Music Industry." HG, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.


This site from hg.org is a very useful one. This site is all about the difference between someone who is a musical publisher and a musical producer. The article brings out that while publishing involves management and often includes legal disputes, such as copyrights and ownership, production involves the actual recording of the album. While a publisher will deal exclusively with performances and music royalties, a producer will helps the artist create and edit the music and make it ready for the public. This site is resourceful for me because I needed to know whether I needed a publisher or producer or both, and now I know I need a producer.



"Best Beat Making Software for DJs and Producers." VoicesIncorg. Voiceinc, 16 Nov. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.


This site was a very useful find for me. Throughout this article it talks about the different softwares for making and developing beats and this website has them all in numerical order from best to worst with a detailed description as to why it is good software. This is the site I used when looking over softwares that would be good for creating the beats I wanted to make, so this site has been very useful in the creation of my capstone project. This site had informative videos and such that really ended up helping me get my project rolling.



"How to Sing." VoicesIncorg. Voiceinc, 16 Nov. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016.


This site was all about how I could improve my singing. I used this site a lot throughout my early stages of recording with my capstone album. Girl singing a high note. Once you believe you can, and trust me, the voice you have can definitely get better, you need to practice. I’m sure you’ve watched countless episodes of American Idol. Have you noticed how much the contestants improve over the course of a season? It’s not a miracle, it’s called practice. Those contestants are practicing and training their voice like a professional singer. It’s no secret, you need to practice to get better. Girl singing a high note. Practice does not make perfect. Only perfect practice makes perfect. If you do the wrong singing exercises over and over, you’ll never get good. You need to practice, but you need to be doing the right actions, tasks, and singing exercises.



"How To Sing Better." Become-A-Singing-Master.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


This site is all about making me sing better. This site was all about how I could improve my singing. I used this site a lot throughout my early stages of recording with my capstone album. Girl singing a high note. Once you believe you can, and trust me, the voice you have can definitely get better, you need to practice. The article talks about the man's long career as a vocal coach, there have been few techniques more effective than the 5 exercises I'm about to show you. These are the same exercises that my star clients such as Macy Gray, Brandy, and many more use to keep their voices in tip top condition. No matter what level your voice is at the moment, by practicing these exercises for 20 minutes each day you will hear wonderful improvements in your voice within a few short.

"Prosocial." Singing. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


This site helps me put my singing to production by teaching me the ways of the musical keys and what works with the different keys and sounds when it comes to vocals. This site basically talks about Pro's wireless microphone product is designed being compact and easy to use, making it perfect for events which need highly portable microphone systems including voice recording needs. If you're working with a good band (or playing alone) it is possible to wait longer before commencing a certain verse or chorus and soon you remember it. A close look with the Green River Preserve Summer Camp. Try to hold any conversation to a small amount of time and after that politely excusing yourself. This site helps me because it shows me very important things.



"Learn to Sing in Tune." How to Sing in Tune. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


This site shows me all about singing in tune and why that is important. This site basically talks all about The principle of Canta and how it is simple and powerful, you choose a song to work and you load the corresponding MIDI file into Canta. Canta plays the music and shows the notes of the melody that you must sing. When you sing, in real time, Canta analyses and measures the frequency of your voice. It shows you the pitch of the note that you are singing in the form of a curve on the screen. Your pitch curve is superposed to the notes of the melody. You then see if you sing in tune, or if you are below or above the note you want to reach.



"Improve Your Voice With These Tips on How To Sing Better." How to Sing Better RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.


This site shows me all about singing in tune and why that is important. Despite the fact that a lot of people might never audition for American Idol, a large number of individuals would definitely want to find out how to sing better. Here are a few useful tips from the site, A vocalist will need to help their body to stay relaxed. When a performer is standing up while singing, they really should raise their arms roughly 6 inches from their sides as this tends to allow for a full expansion of the lungs. When the vocalist breathes in, they will need to fill their abdomen totally with air. When the man or woman exhales, they push the air out from their lungs employing the diaphragm. This site helps me with these tips.

Smallpox

​Science:
Smallpox are a rash on your body that turns into small bumps. After the small bumps appear they will turn into larger bumps and the final step of it caused crater like marks in the persons body. It was discovered back in the 1700's by Dr. Jenner. The way he discovered it was he injected a small boy with cowpox just to see what would happen and the result was the boy conducted the cowpox which was just renamed smallpox for humans. 

Society:
Smallpox now has been completely eliminated but when it was a thing some of the ways they thought of curing it was to actually get rid of the small bumps before they enlarged. This method sort of just cut out the middle man because the people were left with crater like wounds on their bodies anyway.

Self:
Well theres not much to say I don't have smallpox and I don't plan on making it a thing again.  

Presentation:
https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/presentation/d/1nHQOCbdv593UkQ8iu-cqyNR4qzNLRB-w_iXLiX5P0xc/edit?usp=sharing 

Bibliography:

"Vaccination." Vaccination. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. <http://www.jennermuseum.com/vaccination.html>.


"Smallpox - Google Search." Smallpox - Google Search. Web. 28 Mar. 2016. <https://www.google.com/search?q=smallpox>.


Javier Peraza Capstone

For my Capstone I decided to write a twenty-four part novella to reflect on and hone my skills in writing. I aspire to be a published writer one day and I thought doing a writing piece for my Capstone would not only give me practice with long pieces of writing but also allow me to discover who I am as a writer. Every part (or chapter) came out to be approximately 5,000 words each. I say "part" instead of "chapter" just because my novella is not broken into chapters but rather parts that can be read out of chronological order. When writing something so extensive your process is very tedious. Some parts I spent months on because revisions were hefty. I revised the first part at least seven times, and not just small grammar mistakes. The first part actually went through seven full out structure changes, each one making the story read differently than the last. As of now, I am still undecided on which structure works best for setting the scene of my novella. It is something I can reflect on over the summer. Although I did learn a lot about what I was capable of as a writer, I learned more about what my true work ethic was. I saw when I worked best and learned how to know how much I could get done before even starting. I also taught myself to sit still long enough to put at least 3,000 words on paper at a time. In the end, I am more confident as a writer and have this enduring obstacle under my belt. Please enjoy part 2 of my novella which is attached below. 
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Shaion Denny Capstone

Since I was a child I was always good at math. Once I got to high school my math classes got a little bit harder and throughout them I never really had anyone there to help me when I struggled throughout the years besides my teachers. While I did manage to pass each one I still to this day wish I had someone helping me outside of class. Now that I SAT an Algebra 1 class I feel like they deserve the benefits I wasn’t given during my freshman days. Like they do I had an SAT in my math classes but my SAT’s were there for me during class and to make sure I did my work outside of it but they didn’t put too much effort into making sure I understood it. That’s why for my capstone I focused on creating a peer tutoring program so that children don’t have to depend on their SAT’s. In the program the students are paired up with other students who understand the concept they might need to improve in. These children have spent weeks with each other bonding and helping each other with math. To not only see these kids work together but to be able to provide them with an outside source for me was truly amazing. The progress that these student make is also pretty amazing. They went from a group of kids who could care less about math and just wanted to pass to a group of math lovers. I’m more than proud to be able to say that I helped these children develop long lasting friends and a love for math to go with it.


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Robinson, Debbie R., Janet Ward Schofield, and Katrina L. Steers-Wentzell. “Peer and Cross-age Tutoring in Math: Outcomes and Their Design Implications”. Educational Psychology Review 17.4 (2005): 327–362. Web… http://www.jstor.org/stable/23363970


Children in the same grade/ age will be teaching each other and should understand how to communicate with their peers. The tutors will be teaching their friends and being about to talk to them is key. This site is sort of a reference for me to let me know what I should be telling those kids to do when teaching their friends.


Mengping Tsuei. “Mathematics Synchronous Peer Tutoring System for Students with Learning Disabilities”. Journal of Educational Technology & Society 17.1 (2014): 115–127. Web… http://www.jstor.org/stable/jeductechsoci.17.1.115


Some students will have a very hard time understanding the concepts we will be trying to teach them. Even if 100% of the students that come in don’t have a disability this site will still be helpful. Math is one of the absolute hardest subject to retain memory about. Math for even people without disabilities is very difficult.


Martino, Louis R.. “Peer Tutoring Classes for Young Adolescents: A Cost-effective Strategy”.Middle School Journal 25.4 (1994): 55–58. Web…  http://www.jstor.org/stable/23023232  


I used this site to help me understand what exactly I might have to deal with when attempting to tutor freshman. This site talks mostly about middle schoolers but since freshman are only one grade above that I figured it is the same concept overall.


Brady, Nancy C.. “The Teaching Game: A Reciprocal Peer Tutoring Program for Preschool Children”. Education and Treatment of Children 20.2 (1997): 123–149. Web… http://www.jstor.org/stable/42899485


This site was sort of off topic because it wasn’t about children understanding math or even children in high/ middle school. This site helped me understand how to break own peer tutoring for younger kids. It talks about kids in preschool and how they tutored each other. I found this very outstanding and think it will useful when explaining to the tutors and people being tutored about why what they’re doing is so great.


"Research Spotlight on Peer Tutoring." Rss. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.nea.org/tools/35542.htm>.


I used this site to sort of break down for myself what exactly is peer tutoring and how it can be used. This site is helpful when it comes to finding out the benefits that come with peer tutoring. I received the basic information about peer tutoring through this site.


"Peer Tutoring Questionaire." Interview. 04 Feb. 2016: n. pag. Print. https://docs.google.com/a/scienceleadership.org/forms/d/1pgqPwo344ci-gqT7EkcantR0wzpgUeghKJcUEGdZWbg/viewform?usp=send_form


To gather all of the tutors and people who want to receive tutoring Daniel and I created a form for freshman to fill out. This form will allow us to know which children need/ want tutoring and which children believe they are able to tutor their classmates.


"Teaching Math." Interview by Ms. Chrisiss. 04 Feb. 2016: n. pag. Print.


Ms. Chrisiss teaches with me in Mrs. Giorgio’s algebra 1 class. Lately she has been teaching on her own and I was curious to know why she does it. She was able to express to me that she always loved math but it wasn’t always clear to her that she wanted to teach it to children. She went into college as a engineer major then she changed her mind. I want to use what she told m to teach the tutors.


"Tutoring Assessment." Interview by Cameron Hinton. 29 Jan. 2016: n. pag. Print.


This is my dear friend Cameron Hinton. He is a senior in high school, he has had experience receiving tutoring. I want to use his response to better understand how this will be affecting these freshmen when they go to higher and higher math levels.


"Tutoring Assessment." Interview by Arsenio Gomez. 30 Jan. 2016: n. pag. Print.


Arsenio Gomez is a junior as my school. He is a kid I have worked close with in the past and I feel like his response provide an insight into how to not only get tutoring but to also be the  one giving it. He tells me how he sometimes tutors his younger family members in things they might not understand.


"TEACH - Q&A Webinar with the Teachers from the Film!" Documentary Film TEACH by Davis Guggenheim: Q&A W/ the Teachers. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.teacherstestprep.com/TEACH-documentary-film>.


This is a great site about how teachers sort of ban together online and to work with students who need help. I know this seems like it doesn’t fit in but it’s really helpful when it comes to understanding how different teachers work on solving problems.


Huzaifah Malik Capstone

​Abstract

Have you ever tried searching Google for images of Pakistan? You will be flooded by a collection of frightening pictures of kids holding guns, violence, discrimination, corruption and vice versa. You will hardly find any pictures that depict the progressive and modern aspects of the country. Since the beginning of this school year, I have been interviewing Pakistanis and photographing them. I started off with a small blog where alongside their portraits, I started including quotes and short stories from their lives. Since the global perception of Pakistan is ruined, I got inspired by Brandon Stanton, the founder of New York and tried tell different types of stories. I wanted to create and share the information with world that the country and its residents have been wrongly stereotyped by the media. People are amused when I claim that the country has much to offer, but the things that the country has, is overshadowed by incompetent, inefficient and dishonest governments. 

The process of completing the project was interesting and not boring whatsoever. I started gathering pictures that I took during the last time when I went to Pakistan. However, due to some family issues, I went to Pakistan in February again and that really opened the doors for me and I got a better opportunity to actually engage and interview random people on the streets in Pakistan. Within two weeks, I had an overwhelming amount of stories and pictures. I ended up making a website that has stories and different series. Each one of them is filled with lots of wisdom and lessons, so don't forget to check it out!


Bibliography:

Cervone, Barbara, Ed. D., ed. Crisis and Hope - Youth Turn A Lens On The World. Providence: Next Generation, 2010. Print.

This book offers an extraordinary compilation of diverse images accompanied by artist statements that depict crisis and danger as well as hope and opportunity. The book is divided into five sections and every section contain compelling pictures and captions. When I first skimmed through this book, my instant reaction was to read it all over again, because this was something that I had been looking for. My capstone project is similar to this book to a great extent as it contains the actual pictures and captions/quotes. This source entirely applies to me mainly because of the topic and the ideas. It can further help and guide me towards my main goal.  


Fowler, Geoffrey. "It's Time to Record Our Grandparents' History." WSJ. N.p., 17 Nov. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.wsj.com/articles/its-time-to-record-our-grandparents-history-1447785086>.

This article is about an app called "StoryCorps". The author suggests an idea by using tech to get people to do an old-fashioned thing, talk to each other. StoryCorps is another version of Humans of New York, but they preserve and share humanity's stories through a different medium. Their goal is to build connections between people and create a more just and compassionate world. It's about strengthen and build the connections between people, to teach the value of listening, and to weave into the fabric of our culture the understanding that everyone's story matters. They claim that it's an archive for future generations. I was surprised when I found this website because I did not know that there are organizations out there who do the same thing that I'm trying to accomplish through this Capstone project.

Koki, Stan. "Storytelling: The Heart and Soul of Education." Prel Briefing Paper. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, 1 Nov. 1998. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.477.1777&rep=rep1&type=pdf>.

This paper presents a research on the importance of storytelling in human experience, and explores the relevance of storytelling in our daily lifestyle. It provides a brief history and evolution of storytelling mentioning that it is as old as mankind, because it goes through our entire life. The author mentions that the stories we tell help define our socio-cultural landscape in particular ways and demonstrate connections between language, culture, and power. Furthermore, this source provides a complete guideline on how to tell a compelling story. I think this paper is important, because my capstone is all about me being a storyteller. I will refer back to this source throughout the entire process of completing the project.


Spaulding, Amy E. The Wisdom of Storytelling In An Information Age: A Collaction of Talks. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2004. Print.

This book is a compilation of stories given by Spaulding. Her theme is based on how the information is valuable, but wisdom invaluable, and wisdom springs from story. Each story examines and illuminates this idea from a different perspective so there is little repetition. The author's topics include the importance of story in and of itself, how storytelling differs from reading, the ways stories hold us together as "social glue," and how they stimulate the imagination and eventually lead not just to the discovery of information but also to making meaning from it. I found this book really interesting because the way the author wrote it. It's a solid compilation of stories that matter. This source will assist me in my Capstone project because I will be asking similar questions to different people and try to see their perspective.


Terkel, Studs. Hard - An Oral History of the Great Depression. New York: Pantheon, 1970. Print.

In this book, the author relays oral histories of people who were exposed to the Depressions including farmers, politicians, industrialists, African Americans, and artists. The book shows the history through the eyes of the common and uncommon people. It is similar to many novels but different at the same time because it weaves many stories together into the same story, bringing many characters together in such a way that the reader starts engaging with the characters and their part in the story. This book has tailored my ideas in terms of guiding me on how to tell the engaging stories. The reason why I chose this book is, because I found it intriguing how the author told the tales of an average American of that era.


"Brandon Stanton of Humans of New York." The Institute of Politics at Harvard University. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.iop.harvard.edu/content/brandon-stanton-humans-new-york>.

This forum of Harvard University provides and interview of Brandon Stanton, the founder of Humans of New York (HONY). The interview starts of with him explaining about the things that his blog has been able to accomplish. He goes from his experience of being a photographer to being a journalists. He describes the technique he uses for interviewing people and quoting their sayings. One of the most thing that has inspired is how his ethics and concern for humans is inspiring as he says, "It's all about the work." This definitely applies to my project because my capstone is stemmed from the idea of storytelling and HONY.


"Humans of the World." Quartz. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://qz.com/501093/humans-of-the-world-this-stunning-new-film-will-change-how-you-see-yourself/>.

This article is about a movie called "Humans" by Yann Arthus Bertrand. It's a collection of stories about and images of our world, offering an immersion to the core of what it means to be human. The article claims that it is a film that matters. It has no plot, drama, storyline, action, and celebrities. It does not give us an answer to injustice, inequality, poverty, waste, war. It reminds us powerfully that there is a question here: If we care about one another as human beings, what do we do now? I think the whole movie is powerful because it reminds us of who were are and we see ourselves. It applies to my Capstone because I will be using telling the stories of different people from different parts of Pakistan.


"The Art of Storytelling, According to the Founders of StoryCorps and Humans of New York." Ideastedcom. N.p., 08 July 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://ideas.ted.com/the-art-of-storytelling-according-to-the-founders-of-storycorps-and-humans-of-new-york/>.

This is an article where the founder of both StoryCorps and Humans of New York come together, and discuss the art of storytelling. The author starts off with their accomplishment of gathering stories from regular people around the world. Isay collects his stories as audio files, while Stanton takes a photo and then interviews his subject — but they've both developed fascinating techniques for helping people to open up. They talk about how a supportive culture breeds good and compelling stories. They also give an advice such as "engage deeply and interrupt kindly" My project is sort of stemmed from StoryCorps and HONY and I guess I will take their advices and apply to my project.


"What Storytelling Does to Our Brains." Buffer Social. N.p., 29 Nov. 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://blog.bufferapp.com/science-of-storytelling-why-telling-a-story-is-the-most-powerful-way-to-activate-our-brains>.

This article is solely based on what listening to a story does to our brain. It's backed up by scientific facts such as our brains become more active when we tell stories. Our brain learn to ignore certain overused words and phrases that used to make stories awesome We think in narratives all day long, no matter if it is about buying groceries, whether we think about work or our spouse at home. We make up (short) stories in our heads for every action and conversation. Whenever you hear a story, you want to relate it to one of our existing experiences. I think after knowing all these facts, my goal would be to ask unique questions whilst interviewing and make sure the audience relate to it.


"Telling the Story: Expression of Self for Healing, Leading, Teaching, and Inspiring." Canada Bridges Telling the Story Expression of Self for Healing Leading Teaching and Inspiring Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://canadabridges.com/journal/telling-the-story-expression-of-self-for-healing-leading-teaching-and-inspiring/>.

The main focus of this article is about developing a story and then sharing that work. The author suggests that a wisdom story is the best because it cultivates self-awareness as it asks, "Why is this my story? Why are these my most deeply held values, and why do these principles guide me? What motivates me and why?" It captures and reflects upon the driving forces of why you are who you are, and speaks to your life purpose as part of the larger human story. As I have mentioned, I think my main goal should be coming up with deep and broad questions. This source has definitely guided me.




Veronica Nocella- Capstone

My Website/Blog:
​http://veronicaschildrenscorner.weebly.com/

My Book:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B8E6uy2OWg0dNTduZ2Z1RXpIZVE/view?usp=sharing


Abstract:
The purpose of this project is to influence the youth around me, and make a larger impact in my community through social justice and children's literature. The website contains select Capstone Journal Entries and other blog posts tracking my process throughout the project, my mission statement, and a synopsis of my book, which is linked below. After reading about how problematic misrepresentation and miseducation of young people can be, this project emphasizes the importance of incorporating information on social injustice/despair into early-childhood experiences. The book is short in length, and tells a story that personifies the world in a sweet, captivating way. Its message is a call to action to make the world a better place, in hopes to end the hardship and turmoil that people in our society face on daily basis. It's captivating, accessible to a young audience, but most importantly creates conversation and inspiration.

Annotated Bibliography:

Alexie, Sherman. 19, April. "Superman and Me." Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times, 19 Apr. 1998. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.

<http://articles.latimes.com/1998/apr/19/books/bk-42979>

“Superman and Me” tells a tale of young Sherman Alexie (the author of the essay) talks about being a young native American boy having an admiration for Superman, and how he first learned how to read with a Superman comic book. He talks about how unusual it was for him, an Indian boy on a reservation, to have identified so much with Superman. He then talks about how from there, he taught himself how to read, and was reading dense texts extremely quickly. This source gives anecdotal insight on not only the misrepresentation in mainstream comics, but also how it’s merely considered “unusual” for a young boy on an Indian Reservation to learn how to read so quickly, whereas if he were anyone else, he’d be a prodigy. I found this source to be beneficial for me because I now know what kind of audiences my books can reach and the potential they can have, with proper representations.


Cohn, Diana. ¡Sî, Se Puede! / Yes, We Can!: Janitor Strike in LA. Texan-Mexican Border: Cinco Puntos Press,  2009. Print.

This book was a really good source for me when determining the kind of accessibility my books should have; because this book is bilingual, it’s accessible to both English and Spanish readers. It also gives voice as well as new perspective on the Janitor Strike in L.A.; a movement which wouldn’t have been given voice to without this book. The book not only gives the movement a voice, but gives it personal/familial perspective. The author, Diana Cohn, is a social activist herself, and is determined to write about social advocation that is accessible to young children. What I strive to do with my own books is bring light to issues that otherwise wouldn’t be taught or represented, and this book is a perfect example of that.


Committee on Integrating the Science of Early Childhood Development, Board on Children, Youth, and Families; Shonkoff, Jack P. and Phillips,  Deborah A. From Neurons to Neighbors: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000. Google Books. <https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=oZQtR7WIBKgC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Childhood+psychological+development+&ots=qG75DcSqAQ&sig=c-y5pzUw-_qsLVfRjV3VnN0Kgh8#v=onepage&q=Childhood%20psychological%20development&f=false>

This source was incredibly beneficial to me in that it gave extensive analysis and insight on the importance of early childhood experiences, as well as the template set for whether a child can have a healthy or unhealthy start to life. The executive summary lists conclusions that’ve been further examined throughout the book that suggest the needs of children are constantly evolving and unaddressed, and early childhood programs and policy must go under reform for a child to benefit socially from such. This source, although incredibly dense, is something worth revisiting and sifting through to discover new insight on childhood experiences and perceptions. To understand children on a psychological level is vital to my project, as I want to make sure my books can create healthy learning experiences for children.


Dvorsky, George, PhD, and James Hughes, PhD. Comp. Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. Postgenderism: Beyond the Gender Binary (2008): n. pag. Web. 2 Feb. 2016. <http://www.battleswithinme.com/uploads/2/8/6/9/28694993/postgenderism_beyond_binary.pdf >

Postgenderism is the idea of gender binary and strict gender association will erode in modern society and within modern technology. It’s not the belief of total androgyny, but rather just that everyone should have the liberty to choose their expression and how they associate themselves. This analysis of a future without the disabilities enabled by patriarchal and gender norms helped to give me insight on futuristic beliefs pertaining gender and how they can be reflected within one of my books. Because western society is gradually approaching reform to traditional representation and expression, it’s important for me to understand and analyze its progression if I want my final product to be timely and impactful.


Jacobs, Deborah L. "How to Self Publish Your Book Through Amazon." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 25 Apr. 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

<http://www.forbes.com/sites/deborahljacobs/2014/04/25/how-to-self-publish-your-book-through-amazon/#32adf9714447>

I found this source to be incredibly relevant to me because it lays out the basic steps to self publishing. Self publishing is the part of this process that has been intimidating me the most and this source breaks the process down into something simpler and more accessible. It gives great insight on how independent authors build their platform, and how they go about the process. This article then begins to explain all the potential options and resources for self publishing, like Kindle Direct Publishing, CreateSpace, Amazon Author Central, etc. This article gave detailed descriptions of each resource and what a self publishing process would look like for each accordingly.


Kilodavis, Cheryl. My Princess Boy. Seattle, WA: KD Talent LLC, 2009. Print.

In My Princess Boy, a four year old boy is described as someone who proudly wears dresses, jewelry, and expressing himself in stereotypical femme ways. I chose this source specifically because I wanted more than one example of a children’s book exploring the gender binary and gender non-conformism. It is effective in that it gives me ideas for how to structure a children’s book, as well as how to approach gender nonconformism in an easily accessible way for children. It gives insight and representation to those who wish to explore outside of gender norms both physically and aesthetically. I found this source incredibly beneficial and important to my work, because it was the book that inspired this project in the first place.  


Hill-Meyer, Tobi. A Princess of Great Daring. Toronto: Flamingo Rampant, 2015. Print.

A Princess of Great Daring is another children’s book that explores similar themes of My Princess Boy, except it makes further strides in explaining the life of what it means to be a trans person. Jamie, the main character, tells her friends that she really is a girl inside, and her friends are just as loyal to her as they ever would have been. A Princess of Great Daring is a phenomenal example of how acceptance should be taught as well as how transgenderism should be represented. Flamingo Rampant, the company that published the book, is known for publishing books specifically pertaining social justice and activist undertones. I looked further into this book, the author, and the publishing company to draw further inspiration.


Moody-Turner, Shirley. Black Folklore and the Politics of Racial Representation. Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi, 2013. Google Books. <https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=f_IaBwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=racial+representation+for+children&ots=gk2-4BKM5b&sig=UWCWqE2QJqo3x-I4ckhCG1tM3Ng#v=onepage&q=racial%20representation%20for%20children&f=false>

This is another example of a source that, while a dense read, is worth gradually sifting through and revisiting time to time. I had a basic understanding of racial representation, but I found it beneficial for me to find a text that dissects and analyzes it further. What I appreciate about this source is its exploration of the history and significance of black folklore, and its transcendence into American culture, although once hindered by oppression. It analyzes motifs from traditional West African philosophy, as well as the importance of cultural intersection in these folk tales. For my project specifically, I found it important to have a fundamental understanding of Black folklore and its cultural significance, because mainstream misrepresentation of black people had a large impact on the accessibility black folklore has had overtime. Because my project aspires to give voices to those who are marginalized and misrepresented, it was important for me to learn about a genre of literature that has always been underrepresented in this country.


Myers, Christopher. "The Apartheid of Children’s Literature." The New York Times. The New York Times, 15 Mar. 2014. Web. 02 Feb. 2016.

<http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/opinion/sunday/the-apartheid-of-childrens-literature.html?_r=0>

This source was the most important/relevant to me when pertaining to misrepresentation in children’s books. Young people of color are harder and harder to find in children’s books, and this scarce misrepresentation has a devastating affect on those children. Black children specifically are limited to books with historical pretense and the legacies of civil rights and slavery, but never to they explore the same kind of adventurous, innocent, and curious themes as white characters. In 2013, 93 of the 3,000 children’s books published were about black people. This source was reliable and impactful for me, because it came directly from personal experience and a study done by the University of Wisconsin's Cooperative Children’s Book Center. It gave the exact insight I needed for this project.


Tare, Medha, Cynthia Chiong, Patricia Ganea, and Judy Deloache. "Less Is More: How Manipulative Features Affect Children's Learning from Picture Books." Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 31.5 (2010): 395-400. Web.

<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2952631/>

I found this source to be interesting and necessary to be at my disposal because it speaks specifically on the effect that extravagant drawings and visuals have on a child’s reading development. The present studies show that pop up illustrations and manipulatives are more likely to distract from the child’s reading/learning experience, and instead simply just attract them to the illustrations and manipulatives. These features are detrimental to a child’s learning experience and their ability to recognize real life references and their symbolism in picture books. I found these studies to be incredibly relevant and timely for my project, because all of the books I plan to produce will be picture books. It’s going to help both me and my illustrator(s) to get an idea of how every picture is engaging but not hindering a child’s learning experience.










Nebil Ibrahim Capstone

For my capstone, I wanted to give back to SLA community with what I believe it gave most to me which is my ability to do math. I am well aware that some of the freshman are not at the level of math they should be at because of an underfunded school district. With this in mind, me and three other seniors decided to come together and start a math lab after school. The math lab was open on Tuesdays from 3-4 and was for freshman in Algebra 1. In the math lab, we helped students prepare for retakes, paired them with other students in order to be peer tutored, and taught them concepts they may have missed when absent from school.

The individual part of my capstone had me surveying people for their opinions of math at SLA. Teachers always want feedback and what better way to keep it concise and short than by providing them with clear data and statistics. This gives students a way of voicing their opinion while remaining completely anonymous to teachers. I want the math teachers here to know how good of a job they are doing and letting them know the concerns I find with my data. This will also serve as another means of proving how successful SLA’s math department is to other schools in the district and potentially even make a model for other schools to follow. I seek to find trends within grades levels, math levels, and race.

The link to the results and charts of my survey can be found at this link: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1E7vqPdwdN-J5PdC0ad40UpzKgxyXwxbckuunCsaPKkI/edit#gid=599873600

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Bidwell, Allie. "STEM Workforce No More Diverse Than 14 Years Ago." US News. U.S.News & World Report, 24 Feb. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.usnews.com/news/stem-solutions/articles/2015/02/24/stem-workforce-no-more-diverse-than-14-years-ago>.


This article will serve me to talk about what the impact is on students who do not succeed in math. Typically minorities are the ones who are are underrepresented in the STEM workforce which is exactly what this article highlights. I want to drive home that this is a big issue that impacts how far students will get in life. The article explains how diversity in the workforce has remained unchanged since 14 years prior to when this was written in 2015. It helps me glue together all the points and shows purpose in my study which points out misconceptions about STEM.



Bryant, Cindy. "Growth Mindset and the Common Core Math Standards."Edutopia. N.p., 03 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 Feb. 2016. <http://www.edutopia.org/blog/growth-mindset-common-core-math-cindy-bryant>.


This website is crucial in helping me establish one of the core aspects of what my capstone is trying to help change about some students. Some students have a fixed mindset which limits their growth and while a growth mindset helps students embrace failure and use it as a learning tool. Me and others in charge of the after school math labs will try to enforce a growth mindset into the students and I will record the numerical results of training. A questionnaire involving questions about people’s mindsets before and after SLA and math lab will help me illustrate my point.


College Board. "SAT Reform and College-Bound African Americans." The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 4 (2013): 1-3. College Board. 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2016.


The College Board has some useful data on SAT percentiles that I would want to include in my research paper to show my capstone’s purpose and need. SLA is obviously a school whose largest race is African American and they are particularly known for not doing so well on these tests. I plan to take data from here to show correlation between races against each other and the progression of percentiles in certain races over time. This will help illustrate the point that there is need for a place like math lab and some sort of a change in curriculum.


El Deeb, Ahmed. "What to Do with “small” Data?" Medium. N.p., 06 Oct. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://medium.com/rants-on-machine-learning/what-to-do-with-small-data-d253254d1a89#.wd4kz7k1f>.


One problem I know I might face and something I plan to address is that I might only collect a small set of data. This create numerous problems in terms of not only being hard to analyze and draw conclusions from, but it also affects the success of the capstone. The article is very insightful as to tell me what problems I might encounter with a small data set and what to do in case I receive one. Since this is one the largest, if not the largest hurdle for my capstone I need to make sure I use this source to make sure I am prepared when I encounter this problem.


Freeman, David. "Here's Proof That Beautiful Math Equations Affect The Brain Just Like Great Art." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 17 Feb. 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/17/beautiful-math-equations-brain-great-art_n_4789667.html>.


This article illustrates the beauty of math and why it is so important. Something that I need to address in my paper is why anyone should care about math and more people if I conveyed the point that math can be viewed as something elegant like art or music I can get the reader to relate more to why it matters even if they do not like math. While one of math’s main purposes is finding its applicability in the real world to describe the relation between systems, it is also a place where some enjoy finding patterns in completely theoretical systems.



Johnson, Andrew P. "Methods of Analyzing Data." A Short Guide to Action Research. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2012. 71-82. Print.

This is a chapter from a book that talks about the methods of analyzing data. Since the core of my capstone is to represent the applicability of math in the real world to describe systems and interactions, this source will show that I did research on how to properly confront the data I collect and also how I can make conjectures from what I have. It also helps me talk about the different kinds of analysis that I will do in order to make conclusion on what I have collected.The key detailed steps is how I intend to organize my paper so that it seems more organize and sharp as to discern different steps from each other.


Rosenshine, Barak. "Recent Research on Teaching Behaviors and Student Achievement." Recent Research on Teaching Behaviors and Student Achievement. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.formapex.com/les-principes-de-base/1067-recent-research-on-teaching-behaviors-and-student-achievement?616d13afc6835dd26137b409becc9f87=bb4ce84748d5a7ce8f9f97b65257e63b>.


This website contains key information to a study similar to my capstone. It talks about how different methods of teaching math affect students. The study goes on to show the results through actual data. It is structured more like a scientific experiment, but nevertheless it still holds as an example for the kind of analysis I should have. It is divided into specific sections which is something I plan to do in my paper as well in order to separate the different conclusions made from different results of data. The study also explains any irregularities in the data which would me tie loose ends in my conclusions.



Peng, Roger. "What Is the Best Way to Analyze Data? | Simply Statistics."Simply Statistics. N.p., 27 June 2015. Web. 03 Feb. 2016. <http://simplystatistics.org/2013/06/27/what-is-the-best-way-to-analyze-data/>.


This website gives me an idea of different ways I can model data. This is important for to show how even though I was part of the math lab I also want to tie this into my passion for math and talk about how I want to pursue applied math. Properly doing this is crucial for me to show that math has applicability in different areas and it can help make things which would otherwise be subjective become objective. It also helps show how much work and effort doing data analysis can be.





Peters, Chritopher, Danny Schreiber, Matthew Guay, and Stephanie Baedell. "How to Design and Analyze a Survey." - The Ultimate Guide to Forms and Surveys. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://zapier.com/learn/ultimate-guide-to-forms-and-surveys/design-analyze-survey/>.


This website introduced me to different ways of asking questions in a survey and analyzing data to get desired and accurate result. There are certain steps I have to go through such as writing knowledge I would like to gain as well as my hypothesis about what I expect the data to show. As far as analyzing and presenting my data go there are certain ways I can discern trends through data and change the kind of graph I use to illustrate a point.



Welsh, Patrick. "Column: Why Our Kids Hate Math." Usatoday.com. N.p., 9 July 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/opinion/forum/story/2012-07-09/math-education-remedial-algebra/56118128/1>.


This source provides a very important insight as to why children are failing and do not like math. This will be important for me to show how we address these problems and how removing them changed the students and their success in math. I want to talk about how the root of this problem occurs before students come to SLA. These statistics while also showing how much we helped improve math lab are also meant to show how much the curriculum failed them. I plan to collect data from students about how they felt about math in their middle school.


Naomi Fecher-Davis Capstone

Capstone Website
http://nfecher-davis.wix.com/formalforeveryone

Abstract

I started my project wanting to help people be as excited for prom as I was. I did not want financial issues to stand in the way for anyone. Having the perfect dress is important to most girls, knowing how expensive dresses can be I wanted to find a way to ease that burden. I planned to collect formal dresses that people no longer wanted and were in very good condition. I would re-sell them for a much lower price, between $15 and $35 depending on the length and type of dress.

It was a slow start, it took me announcing it in classes and a few posts in the Advisory Memos to get the ball rolling. Once dresses were being donated, I created a website to display the dresses. I wanted everybody to be comfortable throughout the process. If someone wanted to donate anonymously they were able to do so. The website also enabled people to purchase the dresses anonymously.

I was able to achieve my part in offering this service to the SLA community. I think the timing of the start of my collection could have been better. I started too close to the dates of prom, by the time I had enough dresses to put up for sale many people had already purchased their dresses. I am keeping the dresses at school in hopes that next year someone will be able to use the basics I laid out and improve this project.


Annotated Bibliography

Best, Amy L. "Prom Night." Google Books. Routledge, 13 May 2013. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <https://books.google.com/books?id=oVrsE9rGZnYC&pg=PT27&lpg=PT27&dq=economic+struggle+of+prom&source=bl&ots=Z63Jp3kmOO&sig=iN3vhohvpKOp7s2BdLOMRxF2Y-A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjq6_3K697KAhUGGD4KHc56D8UQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q=economic%20struggle%20of%20prom&f=false>. This website talks about the economic struggle of prom. There is a great expense that comes with prom, it is one that many can not meet. This is a fact of life. This book breaks down what percentage of your or your parents pay check would have to be saved per paycheck in order to afford prom. There is no specific page numbers but there I used the section of the book called “Proms as Contested Sites: School and Youth Cultures. This book is a reliable source, it allowed me to look at research that other people had done and get the background information I need to complete my investigations.

Blakeslee, Sandra. "Mind Games: Sometimes a White Coat Isn’t Just a White Coat." The New York Times. The New York Times, 02 Apr. 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/03/science/clothes-and-self-perception.html?_r=0>. This is an article about the connection between what you are wearing and how you feel. It is proof that if you dress the part you are more likely to be believed. This article has helped me realize that it is important for every girl to feel beautiful on the day of their prom. If they feel like they are dressed to their best prom will be a more enjoyable. This is a reliable source because I am not looking for hard facts as much as opinions on how people feel about themselves and prom being such an important event in a high schooler's life.

EMMET, BORIS. “TRADE AGREEMENTS IN THE WOMEN'S CLOTHING INDUSTRIES OF PHILADELPHIA”. Monthly Review of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 6.1 (1918): 27–39. Web…<http://www.jstor.org/stable/41829256>. This source helped me see the more about how people are trading clothes in the city of Philadelphia. It is more general than my topic but I was able to pull out details that allowed me to see the ways women all over the city use stores, like thrift shops. This paper is directed on a specific organization that talks about this broad topic. It still allowed me to understand the needs that need to be met to have a thrift shop or something of the sort. This is a reliable source because it comes from a source that is widely known. The U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics and since I am using it for statistics on people working I think it is the perfect source.

Freeman, Hadley. "Why Everyone Deserves to Go to Their High School Prom." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited, 22 Mar. 2010. Web. <http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/mar/23/high-school-prom-lesbian>. This source is an explanation as to why prom is so important to attend. There is a social dynamic at prom that won't be found on any normal day at school. This source has helped me in the thinking of my project. I realized that it is really important for social reasons to attend prom. Because it is something that is so dramatize in movies it is an event that is anticipated after for years by adolescents, when people are turned away from prom or do not have the opportunity to attend it takes a toll on their self esteem.

"How Much Will the Prom Cost?" Prom Guide. Promgirl, LLC, 2016. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.promgirl.com/prom-guide/costs>. On an average prom can cost on average $1,059. This website breaks down each of the prices to the most to least amount you could possibly pay for each part of prom. I then took the averages of all of those numbers to find the average amount of money a girl would have to pay for prom. This is a website that many use to buy their prom dresses. If there was an organization to know the most about prom, it would be them. It was very helpful for me to get a breakdown that allowed me to see all of the categories broken down. This source is a reliable one because the publishers are experts in this area.

LaGrave, Katherine. "Fashion: Why Is It Important?" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 4 June 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/katherine-lagrave/why-is-fashion-important_b_1568465.html>. The huffington post is a website that is reliable for many opinions. In this article the author talks about the importance of fashion in her life. This is a feeling that is shared by many and is incorporated into many people's lives on a regular bases. This website helped me form my argument for my it is important to feel comfortable in your own clothes. Without that comfort it can be very hard to enjoy yourself. This source though it is an opinion piece was very helpful in “proving” my point in how important it is for adolescents to attend prom. It is an experience everyone should have and that is a point that came across in this article.

“Penny-club for Clothing Poor Children”. “Penny-club for Clothing Poor Children”. The Belfast Monthly Magazine 6.35 (1811): 442–443. Web…<http://www.jstor.org/stable/30072829>. This is a pdf of an article written about the organization Penny-club for Clothing Poor Children. It is a organization that gives poor children an encouraging place to be in return they have to pay one penny a month. This gave me the information I needed to know about poor children in america. It is important for me to know about the effect poverty has on young people before doing my project. I do not want to assume that all people living in poverty are living the same way. There is a sliding scale, I think that will help me a lot for my project.

Pickhardt, Carl E. "Adolescence and Senior Prom." Psychology Today. Sussex Directories, Inc., 4 May 2010. Web. <https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/surviving-your-childs-adolescence/201005/adolescence-and-senior-prom>. This website helped me to understand the other point of views on prom. I know to me it is one of the first times that I was able to dress up and be so elegant. I also wanted to get other people's views. From this article I can tell that prom is a coming of age celebration for many. Many years ago it might even have been a time to meet a long time partner. It is not so dramatic now but the same basics apply of wanting to go with a significant other. This is a reliable source that allows me to get information on the actually phsycology behind what people wear. The way people dress is not only important to them but the people around them because it improves the way they act.

“PRICES AND COST OF LIVING”. “PRICES AND COST OF LIVING”. Monthly Labor Review 10.5 (1920): 68–91. Web…<http://www.jstor.org/stable/41825548>. Before reading this segment of this book I knew that there was a minimum income that most people need to meet to be able to provide for them and their dependents. This is a cost that varies depending on the amount of people depend on them and who they depend on. I did not realize how high the cost of living is compared to the income people have. It is important to keep this in mind when thinking about prom. It is an extra, costly, cost. This source is a published book solely about the cost of living. It is important to know in my case because it allows me compare the prices of prom to the price of living.

Sola, Katie. "Please Say Yes: The Average Promposal Now Costs $324." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 20 Apr. 2015. Web. 04 Feb. 2016. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/04/20/average-promposal-cost_n_7103072.html>. Adding onto the average price of $1,059 you can add another $324 dollars onto that cost. That gives you a total of $1,383. This is a reliable source because the author has clearly done the research it needs to have the facts it is reporting on. I learned, from this source, that prom itself has a cost and it is usually more for females than males but in this instance it is the male that is spending an extra $350 to solly get a date to prom. These roles can obviously be reversed and be between the same sex, it is the fact that people are yet again adding another expense to an event that already cost near if not over $1,000.


Amelia Stuart Capstone

For my capstone I made a website about SLA’s spring break service trip to the Dominican Republic. I started by writing blog posts documenting each day of service we had; I wrote about what we did, what I saw, the people we met, and how it made me think about the contrast of my life compared to theirs. I collected photos from other people who went on the trip, and along with the photos that are throughout the website, I created a photo gallery that shows more of what we observed in the different communities.

Something really important to me was to include a page on the Dominican immigration crisis, and a page dedicated to preparing future students going on these trips. For the page on the migration crisis I wrote a short paragraph detailing what happened in the Dominican government, and how it affected the descendants of undocumented Haitian immigrants.  For the page dedicated to preparing future students I included three sections: Fundraising, Packing, and What to Expect. I wanted to help students get a better idea of how to fundraise for these types of programs, how to pack, and what to expect. Because they’re all things that I really needed more information on.

I hope that this can be a continuous project, and that students who go on trips like these in the future will add their own trip onto the website. I think that would be a really cool legacy for service trips at SLA, as well as a resource for kids who can’t go on these trips. One of the main reasons I wanted to do this website was so that people could see what I experienced through my own words.


To visit my website click here
To see my annotated bibliography click here 
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Screen Shot 2016-05-18 at 7.50.49 PM

Michaela Prell Capstone

Abstract


Over the past months I have been collecting people's stories. I have collected stories on the tattoos that people have places on their bodies, how they got the tattoo, why they got the tattoo, etc. I have interviewed people I have known my whole life, friends, teachers, and even strangers. After each interview I would edit what I had recorded into a concise podcast and share it with the public on my Soundcloud account. The Soundcloud account is really the place where my Capstone lives.


The process for my project was fairly simple, and despite its repetitive nature, it never felt monotonous or boring. After setting up a Soundcloud account for myself I was able to interview, edit, and put out a new instalment on a regular basis - almost weekly. In the end, I was able to do a total of ten interviews as well as an intro and outro of the project.


Doing this project has taught me so much. Not only have I been able to ask people the questions I have wanted to for a long time about the art on their body, but I have also gotten to form my own opinions about tattoos for myself based on what I have learned from others. Even more importantly, I have found joy in getting closer to people I know, or don’t know by asking them about themselves and their stories. I am grateful that the last few months were even more gratifying than I initially thought they would be. 


Click here to see my Soundcloud.


Annotated Bibliography


Dundon, Barbara. "I'm Tellin' Ya!" I’m Tellin Ya. Barbara Dundon, 2013. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

This is the website of my mentor, Barbara Dundon. I worked with her in my ILP last year. She introduced me to the art of audio production and storytelling. I wanted to make sure that she was recognized as someone I learned a lot from. Because of this I am citing her website, and the business she runs producing stories for other people. Having a person to learn from as part of the process that got me to where I am right now is very important to me. I work best when I am learning from a person, because they have lived what they are telling me. it is a different kind of research than reading an article or watching a video, and I find that it sticks with me better.

"Free Music Archive." Free Music Archive. N.p., 2009. Web. 03 Feb. 2016.

This is a online library of legal free audio downloads. I use it to get most of the music from my podcast. Since music is important in setting the emotion of a podcast, I spend time finding just the right track to use when I need it in my podcasts. I know that I can safely use the tracks I find on this website.

Glass, Ira, and Torey Malatia. "This American Life." Audio blog post. National Public Radio, 1995. Web. 3 Feb. 2016.

I have been listening to This American Life from a very young age. It is part of what inspired me to originally look into doing a podcast as an ILP and as a capstone. When you are learning about something, it helps to have examples to look at in detail. This American Life was one of those examples for me. I would sit and listen to an episode, and then look for the things done in the editing, or in the way that the narrator spoke, or a thousand other things, that made the story so compelling to me. I dissected this podcast for inspiration, and to make my own podcast better.

Graves, Nagee. Personal interview. 7 Dec. 2015.

I did my very first interview with Nagee. We talked about the two tattoos that he has, what they mean to him, and his plans for future tattoos. For a first interview, talking to someone who I knew, but not very well was the perfect thing for me to do. We both felt comfortable talking to one another, but had a lot to learn about each other - mainly I learned about him, but that’s the point of my project.

Lady Lamb. Rooftop. Rec. 19 Feb. 2013. 2013. MP3.

This is a song I used for the introduction to my podcast that I put on my soundcloud. Music is very important component to any audio based production. I decided to use a song that I already knew well, and that I thought set the tone for my introduction, and for what I wanted people’s first impressions to be.

Macolino, Sarah. Personal interview. 19 Jan. 2019.

I think this is the best interview I did. I say this because the tattoos had very meaningful stories behind them. It was easy for me to ask questions and listen intently, because the content really made an affect on me personally. I look forward to editing what I have, I want to do the stories justice! The only thing else I can really say is, thank you to Sarah for being so open and honest with me about things that are not easy to talk about. I really appreciate it.

Middleswarth, Jackie. Personal interview. 9 Dec. 2015.

Interviewing Jackie was more challenging than my first interview. That has nothing to do with her, and everything to do with me. I don’t think that I asked the “right” questions like I did with Nagee. He is a more outgoing person in general, so he was more willing to open up. But Jackie is less of a talker, so I had to work harder to get open answers. This was a good learning experience for me, to learn how to make people comfortable and open when they talk to me.

Paolini, Beth. Personal interview. 11 Feb. 2016.

I have known beth for all of my life. She is partly responsible for this project because I’ve wanted to ask her about her tattoos for all of my life too. Finally getting to interview her was really amazing and insightful. I am so glad she agreed to help me out, although not at all surprised.

Raul. Personal interview. 19 Jan. 2016.

I did not actually know that I was going to interview Raul when I did. (That’s why I don’t even know his last name.) But he was open and easy to talk to. We talked about his family, his mother and niece, and how amazing tattoos can be when they are well done. The importance of going to a professional to get a tattoo, because it really is an art. I appreciate a stranger opening up to me like this.

Spiegel, Alix, and Lulu Miller. "Invisabelia." Audio blog post. National Public Radio, 2015. Web. 3 Feb. 2016.

Invisabelia is another podcast  that I listen to to get inspiration for my own podcast. The topics that the program covers are pretty different from mine, so I mainly listened to look for examples of how the editing was done to make an impact on the audience, or rove home a point. Other than that, this is just a podcast that I like, and think is good, so it serves as inspiration for me.

"StoryCorps." Audio blog post. National Public Radio, 2015. Web. 2 Feb. 2016.

StoryCorps is a podcast that gives everyone a chance to tell their own stories. Because it only works if people tell their own stories, it is an inspiration for what I am doing. People telling their own experiences, in a way that will last, is a big part of the identity of my capstone. But the people’s stories have to be coherent and make sense. That is what I look at here when it comes to editing.I look for how the podcast is edited to best tell the story. In essence, my podcast is not about tattoos, it is about stories, so that is why StoryCorps is a podcast that I have studies as part of my research.

Maggie Clampet-Lundquist Capstone

After struggling to come up with an idea/topic for my capstone, I finally decided on creating a documentary about The Philadelphia Girls Choir. I have been singing with the girls choir for four years, so I decided to make a video about the choir, that I could give to the choir as a way of saying thank you. The documentary is located on Vimeo, where anyone can watch it. Creating this film allowed me to reflect on my experiences in the choir, I realized that the girls in the choir weren’t just people I sang with but they were like a second family. I filmed every Thursday and  Saturday which  are the two days  the choir practices, having to work with cameras helped me acquired many camera/video skills from putting this film together. I learned how to attach a microphone to a camera so it could record and capture the sound at the same time as well as how to take what I had recorded and transfer it onto the computer. I learned how to edit/put together a film in iMovie and camera skills in general. I plan on continuing to film the last couple month of choir experience and adding it onto my already existing video. I hope everyone enjoys the film as much as I enjoyed making it.

Annotated Bibliography:


  1. "Philadelphia Girls Choir." Philadelphia Girls Choir. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.phillygirlschoir.org/>.

I used this website because it describes the choir I’m focusing on: The Philadelphia Girls Choir. The website talks about how the choir was started and why, this will be useful in my project when explaining what the choir is about.

  1. "Pennsylvania Girls Choir." Pennsylvania Girls Choir. Web. 5 Feb. 2016. <http://www.pennsylvaniagirlchoir.org/>.

I used this website because not only am I going to talk about the choir that I’m apart of I’m going to talk about choirs in philadelphia in general as well. This is one of the best known choirs besides the philadelphia Boys Choir and it does similar things as my choir and so I thought I could compare the two. This is a reliable source because it’s the choir's website.

  1. "How to Create a Good Documentary Film." WikiHow. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.<http://www.wikihow.com/Create-a-Good-Documentary-Film>.

I’ve never made a documentary before and I'm great at working on Imovie this site walks me through the process of both of these things so it will be useful to look at when I’m editing my documentary and filming it. This is a reliable source.

  1. "Welcome!" Philadelphia Boys Choir. Web. 05 Feb. 2016.

The choir that I’m in is the sister choir to the Philadelphia Boys Choir. We practice in the same building, we sing together at events, and we do things together outside of rehearsal they are a big part of my choir even though they are boys. Since the boys choir was so successful they decided to make a girls choir and that's how the Philadelphia Girls Choir was made. This is a reliable source because its their website.

  1. "How to Use IMovie to Make History Documentaries Complete." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ku3mQr3vigw>.

I’m not familiar with Imovie this site is a step by step tutorial video, that walks you through the process of editing and doing voice overs. This will help me because I’m making a documentary. This is a reliable source because the person who created the video used Imovie and shows you exactly what to do.

  1. "Vocal Techniques Learn, Laugh & Interact at Www.vocalist.org.uk." Vocalist. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.vocalist.org.uk/vocal_techniques.html>.

Singing is all about the voice, there are many different techniques and forms of singing depending on where and how you sing for example an opera singer uses different techniques than a choral singer. I want to talk about some of the techniques we use because they will be shown in the video, I don’t know much about the techniques and this website will help expand my knowledge. This is a reliable source because after each technique they give a description and where you can find more information.

  1. "How the Voice Works." American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 2014. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.entnet.org/content/how-voice-works>.

When you sing you use your voice. This is my extent of knowledge on the voice, being someone who sings in a choir it important to know about the voice, your voice. This website describes how sound is produced from your voice, it breaks it down so that I’ll be able to explain it. This is a reliable source because the person that created the site knows a lot about the voice.

  1. "How To Sing Properly." Become-A-Singing-Master.com. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://www.become-a-singing-master.com/how-to-sing-properly.html>.

Singing properly is something my choir director talks about but I never knew why, so this is one of the things I wanted to explore deeper in my project. This website talks about why singing properly is important and how to do that. This is a reliable source because this person has experience singing.

  1. "Winging It." : The History of the Choir. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://birdsoftheair.blogspot.com/2006/07/history-of-choir.html>.

Half of my project is a documentary and half of my project is talking about the history of church choirs because my choirs is a choir that sings a lot of spiritual songs. This website talks about why church choirs sing mainly spiritual songs when they could sing a wide range of genres. This is a reliable source because the person who wrote the website was in a church choir.

  1. "Determine Things That Can Damage Your Singing Voice." - VisiHow. Web. 05 Feb. 2016. <http://visihow.com/Determine_Things_That_Can_Damage_Your_Singing_Voice>.

This website is about different ways you can damage your voice. One of the ways that you can damage your voice described on the website and the most common is by singing incorrectly, by not getting enough breath or trying to sing lower or higher than you know you can.




GARY GARY Captsone

​CHAPTER ONE
The letter 

The year 1∆6 was a fateful one for the children of Buge. Its early winter months saw my holy pilgrimage to the Buge zone, in the good company of my only two true friends. To provide a better painting of the trek as a whole, I feel obliged to begin my recitation a month before cast off. The first member of the expedition was my good friend Johan, thick-skinned yet manic, an artist relentlessly tormented by existence outside of composing. And, as an aspiring music-man, young Johan wished to test his mettle as a composer through confrontation with the Master Buge. I admired his youthful passion and, as is probably best described in our second round of correspondence, I adored his compositions. The two of us shared a stomping ground and had each witnessed the other in youth, if only in periphery here or there; for in the old boxing town of Lar Grotis, where nothing much happened, it seemed like no one much cared. Despite our hometown’s banality, Johan managed to cross paths and feed each other's cynicism beautifully. We bonded over such issues as passwords, naming conventions, and video. A month into our perverse interactions, he showed me his most beautiful song in the world. That day was wordless. I can only recall our rendezvous in aisle 10 of MarketLand. Golden glory spewed from his tattered ipod and across my delicate eardrums, they thirsted for more. We ceased communication for 20 years after that encounter, rekindled our friendship //

:: :: PLEASE INSERT COIN TO PROCED :: ::



Myrna Yousuf Capstone

The purpose of this capstone was to represent the people of SLA. I wanted to show how our school has a diverse population and that everyone is different. I also wanted an image of what SLA looks like because we cannot be defined by one thing. Our school has so many people with different stories, ideas, and thoughts. I submitted my capstone proposal with my idea and got it approved and had my Mentor Ms. Giknis help me plan out what I should be doing. I collaborated with my partner Avery to get started on this project.

I decided to tell the stories of people through photos and words attached to them on a Facebook and Instagram page. Throughout the school year I worked with my partner Avery to create these posts on our social media page. Then I decided to represent each grade at SLA through an interview podcast series as my own individual product. Each interview is with a student in each grade and they share their views and experience at SLA.




Zack Hersh Capstone

I used my capstone to do something that I have always wanted to do: get a band together. After beginning drums at the start of high school, immensely enjoying the instrument and the experience of learning and getting better, and progressing as a musician and as a drummer, forming and playing in my own band was always the logical next step. My project consisted of getting a group of musicians together—who I could get along with, and who were passionate and talented—then with that group going through the process of writing, practicing, polishing, performing, recording, and ultimately producing original and cover songs. 

My capstone had a second part, which was organizing and running the music club to engage and contribute to the SLA music community in another way. This was a smaller element, and went very well until the club took a hit from spring sports starting and lost too many of its members to continue functioning.

My goals for what we would do as a band changed significantly as the project progressed. There was no lack of obstacles, especially assembling the right group, which was challenging and took a good deal of time. Midway through the year though, once we were together and meeting every week, it went very well, and we were able to make good progress and enjoy ourselves. In the end, we fully created an EP with two original songs—written, practiced, performed, and recorded as a group—and one cover song that reflects us as musicians. 

The digital evidence of this project, our band's Bandcamp, with online audio files and digital downloads for each song, can be found here (or at 302b.bandcamp.com). For my annotated bibliography, click here

Lauren Hummel Capstone

The process of choosing a capstone was not an easy one for me. I first chose to work with Habitat for Humanity for my capstone and to get a group of students involved in service project through the organization. After a few months of planning, scheduling, and organizing, I learned that my plan was not going to work. With a mere two months left to complete a capstone I was proud of, I talked to John Kamal and Alex Gilliam to come up with a capstone. The idea we came up with consisted of a series of building projects that would benefit the school in some way whether through the classroom environment or simple improvements. 

The results of this project were two table-top lecterns for Ms. Martin, and a shelf that Ms. Giknis can set speakers up on. It is all visible through a website I created to display the work I have done so anyone can see. I had to learn how to better use various tools. From doing this, I learned that I should always have a backup plan, and a backup-backup plan. I have learned that there is a lot of value in asking for help, which I have always struggled with. I also now know there is a lot of work that goes into a project like this and I highly respect the process. I have learned a lot through completing this capstone and although it was a difficult process, I am happy with the result.




I have chosen to present my capstone in the format of a website that can be accessed through this link or the link below. 



My annotated bibliography is also presented below.
CapstoneAnnotatedBibliography_Hummel

Isabella Beato's Capstone

For my project I planed a Sports Banquet. This banquet was suppose to honor the SLA seniors because many people don't play sports after high school. For my process I started to locate places. My first place was the Waterfall room in south Philadelphia. We had everything planned for this place but a little gift fell into my lap. The SLA soph Hop was planned at poppies and fell through because of small ticket sales. I received the deposit from that event and moved my capstone there, making me have to due less fundraising. After much outreach we were unable to make enough ticket sales and canceled the event. Hopefully a rising senior will pick up my idea and really try to make this a thing. 

The bibliography can be found here. 
Screen Shot 2016-04-08 at 6.00.46 PM
Screen Shot 2016-04-08 at 6.00.46 PM

Bacteriophages

A bacteriophage is a virus. A virus is any pathogen that can only replicate in the living cells of other organisms. They are not considered "alive" by most scientists because of their relatively simple structure compared to even the simplest life forms. In fact, some viruses have as few as 1300 nucleotides -- whereas humans have 3 billion. They say that all the DNA in one human cell, when stretched out, would be roughly 6 feet long. For many viruses, that length could be measured in micrometers.
Viruses only do one thing: make more of themselves. Many viruses, such as bacteriophages, do this by consuming their host. The word "bacteriophage" is derived from "bacteria" and "phagein," which is Greek for "devour." The below image shows the anatomy of a bacteriophage.
bacteriophage-diagram
bacteriophage-diagram
In order for a bacteriophage to reproduce, it must first find a cell. It has no way of propelling itself so it must float around until it comes in contact with a receptor on the surface of the cell. Its tail fibers attach around the receptor and flex to bring its base plate closer to the surface until it is bound there. It is able to do this because of ATP in each tail. Then, the bacteriophage's genetic material in its head is pumped into the cell. Once this occurs, the bacteriophage is, for all intents and purposes, "dead."
But that's not the end of it -- the cell's ribosomes start translating the viral mRNA instead of cell mRNA. As a result, instead of doing normal cell things such as synthesizing proteins, the cell starts making copies of the bacteriophage using the mRNA as a blueprint. The cell ceases all normal function and only makes these copies until its membrane collapses and many new bacteriophages are released.
Here's a video of the process.

In 1896, Ernest Hankin collected a sample of water from the Ganges River that cholera bacteria. He noticed that something was killing the cholerae but could not figure out what. It remained a mystery until 1915, when Twort discovered the extremely tiny little entities responsible, bacteriophages. His findings were later confirmed by a scientist known as Félix d'Hérelle who took part in this discovery.
D'Hérelle conceptualized a practical application for bacteriophages, a process called phage therapy. Phage therapy is the use of bacteriophages (and/or other bacteria-killing viruses) to fight bacterial infection. Phage therapy gained support from medical professionals in the US and Soviet Georgia, but in the US its practice was short-lived as antibiotics, considered a better method than phage therapy, was discovered only several years after. However, phage therapy is currently being revisited in research as a counter to anthrax and botulism. Here is a culture of bacillus anthracis (anthrax) awhile after bacteriophages were added.
anthraxxx
anthraxxx